Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of chemical and biological agents - Requirements and test methods (ISO 13137:2013)

ISO 13137:2013 specifies performance requirements for battery powered pumps used for personal sampling of chemical and biological agents in workplace air. It also specifies test methods in order to determine the performance characteristics of such pumps under prescribed laboratory conditions.
ISO 13137:2013 is applicable to battery powered pumps having a nominal volume flow rate above 10 ml ⋅ min−1, as used with combinations of sampler and collection substrate for sampling of gases, vapours, dusts, fumes, mists and fibres.
ISO 13137:2013 is primarily intended for flow-controlled pumps.

Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die personenbezogene Probenahme von chemischen und biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO 13137:2013)

Diese Internationale Norm legt Leistungsanforderungen an batteriebetriebene Pumpen fest, die zur personen-bezogenen Probenahme von chemischen und biologischen Arbeitsstoffen in der Luft am Arbeitsplatz verwendet werden. Sie legt außerdem Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung von Leistungskenngrößen derartiger Pumpen unter festgelegten Laborbedingungen fest.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt für batteriebetriebene Pumpen mit einem Nennvolumenstrom von mehr als 10 ml ⋅ min-1, die in Kombination mit Sammlern und Sammelsubstraten zur Probenahme von Gasen, Dämpfen, Stäuben, Rauch, Nebel und Fasern verwendet werden.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt in erster Linie für Pumpen mit geregeltem Durchfluss.

Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour le prélèvement individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques - Exigences et méthodes d'essai (ISO 13137:2013)

L'ISO 13137:2013 spécifie les exigences de performance relatives aux pompes autonomes utilisées pour le prélèvement individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques dans l'air des lieux de travail. Elle spécifie également des méthodes d'essai pour déterminer les caractéristiques de performance de ces pompes dans des conditions de laboratoire prescrites.
L'ISO 13137:2013 s'applique aux pompes autonomes ayant un débit volumique nominal supérieur à 10 ml⋅min−1 et utilisées avec des combinaisons de dispositif de prélèvement et de substrat de collecte pour le prélèvement de gaz, vapeurs, poussières, fumées, brouillards et fibres.
L'ISO 13137:2013 s'applique en premier lieu aux pompes à débit contrôlé.

Zrak na delovnem mestu - Črpalke za osebno vzorčenje kemičnih in bioloških agensov - Zahteve in preskusne metode (ISO 13137:2013)

Ta mednarodni standard podaja zahteve glede zmogljivosti črpalk z akumulatorskim napajanjem za osebno vzorčenje kemičnih in bioloških agensov v zraku na delovnem mestu. Podaja tudi preskusne metode za določevanje značilnosti glede zmogljivosti takšnih črpalk v predpisanih laboratorijskih pogojih. Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za črpalke z akumulatorskim napajanjem s stopnjo nazivnega pretoka nad 10 ml min−1, pri uporabi s kombinacijami vzorčnika in substrata za zbiranje za vzorčenje plinov, hlapov, prahu, dimov, meglic in vlaken. Ta mednarodni standard je v prvi vrsti namenjen za črpalke z nadzorovanim pretokom.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
22-Oct-2013
Withdrawal Date
04-Oct-2022
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
05-Oct-2022

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Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
01-julij-2014
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1232:1999
SIST EN 12919:2000
=UDNQDGHORYQHPPHVWXýUSDONH]DRVHEQRY]RUþHQMHNHPLþQLKLQELRORãNLK
DJHQVRY=DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH ,62
Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of chemical and biological
agents - Requirements and test methods (ISO 13137:2013)
Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die personenbezogene Probenahme von
chemischen und biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO
13137:2013)
Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour le prélèvement individuel des agents chimiques et
biologiques - Exigences et méthodes d'essai (ISO 13137:2013)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 13137:2013
ICS:
13.040.30 Kakovost zraka na delovnem Workplace atmospheres
mestu
23.080 ýUSDONH Pumps
SIST EN ISO 13137:2014 en
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014


EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 13137

NORME EUROPÉENNE

EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2013
ICS 13.040.30 Supersedes EN 1232:1997, EN 12919:1999
English Version
Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of
chemical and biological agents - Requirements and test
methods (ISO 13137:2013)
Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour le prélèvement Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die
individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques - Exigences personenbezogene Probenahme von chemischen und
et méthodes d'essai (ISO 13137:2013) biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und
Prüfverfahren (ISO 13137:2013)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 September 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same
status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United
Kingdom.





EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels
© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 13137:2013: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
EN ISO 13137:2013 (E)
Contents Page
Foreword .3

2

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
EN ISO 13137:2013 (E)
Foreword
This document (EN ISO 13137:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 146 "Air quality" in
collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 137 “Assessment of workplace exposure to chemical and
biological agents” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2014, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by April 2014.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document supersedes EN 1232:1997, EN 12919:1999.
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice
The text of ISO 13137:2013 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 13137:2013 without any modification.
3

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13137
First edition
2013-10-15
Workplace atmospheres — Pumps for
personal sampling of chemical and
biological agents — Requirements
and test methods
Air des lieux de travail — Pompes pour le prélèvement individuel des
agents chimiques et biologiques — Exigences et méthodes d’essai
Reference number
ISO 13137:2013(E)
©
ISO 2013

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior
written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of
the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

Contents Page
Foreword .v
Introduction .vi
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
4 Types of pump . 3
5 Requirements . 3
5.1 Features . 3
5.2 Mass . 3
5.3 Design safety . 4
5.4 Operating time. 4
5.5 Start-up and long-term performance . 4
5.6 Short-term interruption of air flow . . 4
5.7 Temperature dependence. 4
5.8 Mechanical strength . 5
5.9 Pulsation of flow rate (for type P pumps only) . 5
5.10 Flow rate stability under increasing pressure drop . 5
5.11 Timer accuracy. 5
5.12 Electromagnetic compatibility . 5
5.13 Explosion hazard . 6
6 Test conditions . 6
6.1 Number of test objects . 6
6.2 Test instruments . 6
6.3 Preconditioning and sequence of tests . 7
6.4 Adjustment of volume flow rate and pressure drop . 7
6.5 Test set-up and performance . 7
7 Test methods . 8
7.1 Features . 8
7.2 Mass . 8
7.3 Design safety . 8
7.4 Operating time. 8
7.5 Start-up and long-term performance . 8
7.6 Short-term interruption of air flow . . 9
7.7 Temperature dependence.10
7.8 Mechanical strength .11
7.9 Pulsation of flow rate (for type P pumps only) .12
7.10 Flow rate stability under increasing pressure drop .14
7.11 Timer accuracy.15
7.12 Electromagnetic compatibility .15
7.13 Explosion hazard .15
8 Test report .15
9 Instructions for use .16
10 Charger .16
10.1 Requirements .16
10.2 Testing .16
11 Marking .17
Annex A (informative) Types of pump mechanism and control system
.18
Annex B (informative) Internal sensors of sampling pumps .21
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

Annex C (informative) User tests for pumps and flow meters .23
Annex D (informative) Pressure drop due to collection substrates .26
Annex E (informative) Test instruments .30
Bibliography .31
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, www.iso.org/directives.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received, www.iso.org/patents.
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 146, Air quality, Subcommittee SC 2,
Workplace atmospheres.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

Introduction
Many different methods are used to determine the concentration of chemical and biological agents in
workplace air. Many of these methods involve the use of a pump and sampler connected by a flexible
tube. Air is drawn through the sampler and chemical and biological agents are trapped, e.g. on a filter,
sorbent tube or long-term detector tube, or in a gas washing bottle. In personal sampling, the pump and
sampler are attached to the worker so as to collect chemical and biological agents in the breathing zone.
The volume of air drawn by the pump during the sampling period is one of the quantities in the calculation
of the concentration of the chemical and biological agents in air. Therefore, the volume of air sampled
should be determined accurately and, in order to facilitate this, the flow rate should be maintained
within acceptable limits throughout the sampling period. For particle size selective sampling, the short-
term fluctuation of the flow rate should also be maintained within acceptable limits in order to ensure
that the sampler exhibits the required collection characteristics.
[1]
EN 482 specifies general performance criteria for methods for measuring the concentration of
chemical and biological agents in workplace air. These performance criteria include maximum values of
expanded uncertainty that are not to be exceeded under prescribed laboratory conditions. In addition,
the performance criteria should also be met under a wider variety of environmental influences,
representative of workplace conditions. The contribution of the sampling pump to measurement
uncertainty should be kept to a minimum.
This International Standard is intended to enable manufacturers and users of personal sampling pumps to
adopt a consistent approach to, and provide a framework for, the assessment of the specified performance
criteria. Manufacturers are urged to ensure that pumps meet the requirements laid down in this
International Standard, including environmental influences which can be expected to affect performance.
vi © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13137:2013(E)
Workplace atmospheres — Pumps for personal sampling
of chemical and biological agents — Requirements and test
methods
1 Scope
This International Standard specifies performance requirements for battery powered pumps used for
personal sampling of chemical and biological agents in workplace air. It also specifies test methods in order
to determine the performance characteristics of such pumps under prescribed laboratory conditions.
This International Standard is applicable to battery powered pumps having a nominal volume flow rate
−1
above 10 ml ⋅ min , as used with combinations of sampler and collection substrate for sampling of
gases, vapours, dusts, fumes, mists and fibres.
This International Standard is primarily intended for flow-controlled pumps.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document
and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
IEC 60079-0, Explosive atmospheres — Part 0: Equipment — General requirements
IEC 61000-6-1, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-1: Generic standards — Immunity for
residential, commercial and light-industrial environments
IEC 61000-6-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards — Emission standard
for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
biological agent
bacteria, viruses, fungi and other micro-organisms or parts of them and their associated toxins, including
those which have been genetically modified, cell cultures or endoparasites which are potentially
hazardous to human health
Note 1 to entry: Dusts of organic origin, e.g. pollen, flour dust and wood dust, are not considered to be biological
agents and are therefore not covered by this definition.
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.1.1]
3.2
chemical agent
any chemical element or compound on its own or admixed as it occurs in the natural state or as produced,
used, or released, including release as waste, by any work activity, whether or not produced intentionally
and whether or not placed on the market
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.1.2]
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 1

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

3.3
airborne particles
fine matter, in solid or liquid form, dispersed in air
Note 1 to entry: Smoke, fume, mist and fog consist of airborne particles.
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.2.3]
3.4
air sampler
sampler
device for separating chemical and/or biological agents from the surrounding air
Note 1 to entry: Air samplers are generally designed for a particular purpose, e.g. for sampling gases and vapours
or for sampling airborne particles.
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.1, modified — synonyms placed on separate lines]
3.5
personal sampler
sampler, attached to a person, that collects gases, vapours or airborne particles in the breathing zone to
determine exposure to chemical and/or biological agents
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.2]
3.6
personal sampling
process of (air) sampling carried out using a personal sampler
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.3.3]
3.7
breathing zone
space around the nose and mouth from which breath is taken
Note 1 to entry: Technically the breathing zone corresponds to a hemisphere (generally accepted to be 30 cm
in radius) extending in front of the human face, centred on the midpoint of a line joining the ears. The base of
the hemisphere is a plane through this line, the top of the head and the larynx. This technical description is not
applicable when respiratory protective equipment is used.
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.4.5]
3.8
sorbent tube
device, usually made of metal or glass, containing a collection substrate such as a sorbent or a support
impregnated with reagent
Note 1 to entry: Some sorbent tubes are intended for use as active samplers and some as passive samplers.
2
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.5]
3.9
pressure drop
difference between ambient pressure and the pressure at the inlet of the pump, for a
constant volume flow rate setting
Note 1 to entry: The pressure drop, sometimes referred to as back pressure, is measured across the sampler, the
collection substrate and the tubing.
3.10
flow-controlled pump
pump with nominally constant flow rate provided by an automatic flow control system
2 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

3.11
nominal flow rate range
range of volume flow rate values, adjustable at the pump, at which the manufacturer claims that the
pump can operate at a constant flow rate up to the maximum value of the required pressure drop range
for the operating time
3.12
operating time
period during which the pump can be operated at specified flow rate and pressure drop without
recharging or replacing the battery
3.13
pulsation
short-term relative variation of volume flow rate at a given flow rate
4 Types of pump
Sampling pumps are classified according to their intended use as follows:
— type P: pumps for personal sampling of airborne particles;
— type G: pumps for personal sampling of gases and vapours.
NOTE 1 Type P pumps can be used for personal sampling of gases and vapours as long as they comply with the
type G pump requirements.
NOTE 2 For types of pump mechanism and control system. see Annex A.
5 Requirements
5.1 Features
The pump shall have the following features:
a) an automatic control which keeps the volume flow rate nominally constant;
b) a means to reduce the likelihood of unintentional or unauthorized adjustment of any pump control,
such that it is concealed beneath a cover, can only be actuated with the aid of a tool or requires
specialized knowledge for operation;
c) either a malfunction indicator which, following completion of sampling, indicates that the air flow
has been reduced or interrupted during sampling, or an automatic cut-out which stops the pump if
the flow rate is reduced or interrupted;
d) a fuse or resettable breaker which interrupts the current in the electrical circuit of the pump in the
case of excessive current drain;
e) a filter which prevents particles from being drawn into the mechanism of the pump;
f) a means to secure the pump on a person (integrated or available as an accessory).
NOTE Some pumps use internal sensors to provide atmospheric, pressure and air flow data. Information on
the use of these sensors is given in Annex B.
5.2 Mass
The mass of the pump, including batteries and integral holders, shall not exceed 1,2 kg for sampling
−1
pumps with a flow rate of less or equal than 5 l ⋅ min and 2,5 kg for sampling pumps with a flow rate
−1
above 5 l ⋅ min .
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 3

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

5.3 Design safety
The outer case of the pump shall be so designed that there are no sharp corners or other uncomfortable
protruding parts.
5.4 Operating time
The operating time shall be at least 1 h and should preferably be greater than 8 h. This applies to the
complete nominal flow rate range against the pressure drops as specified in Table 4 at (5 ± 2) °C.
NOTE The capacity of a battery increases with temperature. Therefore, the test is performed towards the
lower end of the temperature range in which the pump is likely to be used.
For the duration of the operating time, the flow rate shall not deviate by more than 5 % from the initial value.
The manufacturer shall report, in the instructions for use, the operating time at the specified pressure
drop according to 5.10 for the flow rates given in Table 1 at (5 ± 2) °C.
Table 1 — Flow rates for reporting by the manufacturer of the operating time
Nominal flow rate range Flow rate setting
Pump type
−1 −1
ml ⋅ min ml ⋅ min
2 000
≤5 000
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
P
Minimum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
>5 000
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
50
≤300
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
G
300
>300
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
NOTE For regular user tests to maintain pumps and flow meters, see Annex C.
5.5 Start-up and long-term performance
During operation of the pump at (5 ± 2) °C and in the range from 20 °C to 25 °C, the flow rate shall not deviate
by more than 5 % from the value measured at the start of the determination of the long-term performance.
5.6 Short-term interruption of air flow
When the air flow is fully blocked, the pump shall cut out or the malfunction indicator activate. The
pum
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012
01-november-2012
=UDNQDGHORYQHPPHVWXýUSDONH]DRVHEQRY]RUþHQMHNHPLþQLKLQELRORãNLK
DJHQVRY=DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH ,62',6
Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of chemical and biological
agents - Requirements and test methods (ISO/DIS 13137:2012)
Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die personenbezogene Probenahme von
chemischen und biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
(ISO/DIS 13137:2012)
Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour l'échantillonnage individuel des agents chimiques
et biologiques - Exigences et méthodes d'essai (ISO/DIS 13137:2012)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 13137
ICS:
13.040.30 Kakovost zraka na delovnem Workplace atmospheres
mestu
23.080 ýUSDONH Pumps
oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012

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oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012


EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN ISO 13137
NORME EUROPÉENNE

EUROPÄISCHE NORM

August 2012
ICS 13.040.30 Will supersede EN 1232:1997, EN 12919:1999
English Version
Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of
chemical and biological agents - Requirements and test
methods (ISO/DIS 13137:2012)
Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour le prélèvement Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die
individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques - Exigences personenbezogene Probenahme von chemischen und
et méthodes d'essai (ISO/DIS 13137:2012) biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und
Prüfverfahren (ISO/DIS 13137:2012)
This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for parallel enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee
CEN/TC 137.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which
stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language
made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United
Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to
provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and
shall not be referred to as a European Standard.


EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels
© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN ISO 13137:2012: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012
prEN ISO 13137:2012 (E)
Contents Page
Foreword .3

2

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012
prEN ISO 13137:2012 (E)
Foreword
This document (prEN ISO 13137:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 146 "Air quality"
in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 137 “Assessment of workplace exposure to chemical and
biological agents” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the parallel Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 1232:1997, EN 12919:1999.
Endorsement notice
The text of ISO/DIS 13137:2012 has been approved by CEN as a prEN ISO 13137:2012 without any
modification.
3

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oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012

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oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012

DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 13137
ISO/TC 146/SC 2 Secretariat: ANSI
Voting begins on Voting terminates on

2012-04-26 2012-09-26
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION  •  МЕЖДУНАРОДНАЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ПО СТАНДАРТИЗАЦИИ  •  ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE DE NORMALISATION


Workplace atmospheres — Pumps for personal sampling of
chemical and biological agents — Requirements and test
methods
Air des lieux de travail — Pompes pour l'échantillonnage individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques —
Exigences et méthodes d'essai
ICS 13.040.30









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processed under the ISO-lead mode of collaboration as defined in the Vienna Agreement.
This draft is hereby submitted to the ISO member bodies and to the CEN member bodies for a parallel
five-month enquiry.
Should this draft be accepted, a final draft, established on the basis of comments received, will be
submitted to a parallel two-month approval vote in ISO and formal vote in CEN.

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Secrétariat central de l'ISO au stade de publication.



THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY NOT BE
REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES, DRAFT
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
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THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION.
©  International Organization for Standardization, 2012

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ISO/DIS 13137

Copyright notice
This ISO document is a Draft International Standard and is copyright-protected by ISO. Except as permitted
under the applicable laws of the user’s country, neither this ISO draft nor any extract from it may be
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ISO/DIS 13137
Contents Page
Foreword . v
Introduction . vi
1 Scope . 1
2 Normative references . 1
3 Terms and definitions . 1
4 Types of pumps . 3
5 Requirements . 3
5.1 Features . 3
5.2 Mass . 4
5.3 Design safety . 4
5.4 Operating time . 4
5.5 Start-up and long-term performance . 5
5.6 Short-term interruption of air flow . 5
5.7 Temperature dependence . 5
5.8 Mechanical strength . 5
5.9 Pulsation of flow rate (for type P pumps only) . 5
5.10 Flow rate stability under increasing pressure drop . 6
5.11 Timer accuracy . 6
5.12 Electromagnetic compatibility . 6
5.13 Explosion hazard . 6
6 Test conditions . 7
6.1 Number of test objects . 7
6.2 Test instruments . 7
6.3 Preconditioning and sequence of tests . 7
6.4 Adjustment of volumetric flow rate and pressure drop . 7
6.5 Test set-up and performance . 8
7 Test methods . 8
7.1 Features . 8
7.2 Mass . 9
7.3 Design safety . 9
7.4 Operating time . 9
7.5 Start-up and long-term performance . 9
7.6 Short-term interruption of air flow . 10
7.7 Temperature dependence . 10
7.8 Mechanical strength . 11
7.9 Pulsation of flow rate (for type P pumps only) . 13
7.10 Flow rate stability under increasing pressure drop . 15
7.11 Timer accuracy . 16
7.12 Electromagnetic compatibility . 16
7.13 Explosion hazard . 16
8 Test report . 16
9 Instructions for use . 16
10 Charger . 17
10.1 Requirements . 17
10.2 Testing . 17
11 Marking . 17
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Annex A (informative) Types of pump mechanisms and control systems . 18
Annex B (informative) Internal sensors of sampling pumps . 21
Annex C (informative) User tests for pumps and flow meters. 23
Annex D (informative) Pressure drop due to collection substrates . 26
Annex E (informative) Test instruments . 29
Bibliography . 30

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oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012
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Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies
(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been
established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and
non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.
The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards
adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an
International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent
rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
ISO 13137 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 146, Air quality, Subcommittee SC 2, Workplace
atmospheres and by Technical Committee CEN/TC 137, Assessment of workplace exposure to chemical and
biological agents in collaboration.
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Introduction
Many different methods are used to determine the concentration of chemical and biological agents in
workplace air. Many of these methods involve the use of a pump and sampler connected by a flexible tube. Air
is drawn through the sampler and chemical and biological agents are trapped, for example, on a filter, sorbent
tube or long-term detector tube or in a gas washing bottle. In personal sampling, the pump and sampler are
attached to the worker so as to collect chemical and biological agents in the breathing zone.
The volume of air drawn by the pump during the sampling period is one of the quantities in the calculation of
the concentration of the chemical and biological agents in air. Therefore, the volume of air sampled should be
determined accurately and, in order to facilitate this, the flow rate should be maintained within acceptable
limits throughout the sampling period. For particle size selective sampling, the short-term fluctuation of the
flow rate should also be maintained within acceptable limits in order to ensure that the sampler exhibits the
required collection characteristics.
EN 482 specifies general performance criteria for methods for measuring the concentration of chemical and
biological agents in workplace air. These performance criteria include maximum values of expanded
uncertainty that are not to be exceeded under prescribed laboratory conditions. In addition, the performance
criteria should also be met under a wider variety of environmental influences, representative of workplace
conditions. The contribution of the sampling pump to measurement uncertainty should be kept to a minimum.
This International Standard should enable manufacturers and users of personal sampling pumps to adopt a
consistent approach to, and provide a framework for, the assessment of the specified performance criteria.
Manufacturers are urged to ensure that pumps meet the requirements laid down in this International Standard,
including environmental influences which can be expected to affect performance.
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oSIST prEN ISO 13137:2012
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 13137

Workplace atmospheres — Pumps for personal sampling of
chemical and biological agents — Requirements and test
methods
1 Scope
This International Standard specifies performance requirements for battery powered pumps used for personal
sampling of chemical and biological agents in workplace air. It also specifies test methods in order to
determine the performance characteristics of such pumps under prescribed laboratory conditions.
This International Standard is applicable to battery powered pumps having a nominal volumetric flow rate
-1
above 10 ml  min , as used with combinations of sampler and collection substrate for sampling of gases,
vapours, dusts, fumes, mists and fibres.
This International Standard is primarily intended for flow-controlled pumps.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are
indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
IEC 60068-2-31:2008, Environmental testing – Part 2-31: Tests – Test Ec: Rough handling shocks, primarily
for equipment-type specimens
IEC 60079-0, Explosive atmospheres – Part 0: Equipment – General requirements
IEC 61000-6-1, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 6-1: Generic standards – Immunity for residential,
commercial and light-industrial environments
IEC 61000-6-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 6-3: Generic standards – Emission standard for
residential, commercial and light-industrial environments
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
biological agent
bacteria, viruses, fungi and other micro-organisms or parts of them and their associated toxins, including
those which have been genetically modified, cell cultures or endoparasites which are potentially hazardous to
human health
Note 1 to entry Dusts of organic origin, for example pollen, flour dust and wood dust, are not considered to be
biological agents and are therefore not covered by this definition.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.1.1]
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3.2
chemical agent
any chemical element or compound on its own or admixed as it occurs in the natural state or as produced,
used, or released, including release as waste, by any work activity, whether or not produced intentionally and
whether or not placed on the market
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.1.2]
3.3
airborne particles
fine matter, in solid or liquid form, dispersed in air
Note 1 to entry Smoke, fume, mist and fog consist of airborne particles.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.2.3]
3.4
(air) sampler
device for separating chemical and/or biological agents from the surrounding air
Note 1 to entry (Air) samplers are generally designed for a particular purpose, for example, for sampling gases and
vapours or for sampling airborne particles.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.1]
3.5
personal sampler
sampler, attached to a person, that collects gases, vapours or airborne particles in the breathing zone to
determine exposure to chemical and/or biological agents
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.2]
3.6
personal sampling
process of (air) sampling carried out using a personal sampler
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.3.3]
3.7
breathing zone
space around the nose and mouth from which breath is taken
Note 1 to entry Technically the breathing zone corresponds to a hemisphere (generally accepted to be 30 cm in
radius) extending in front of the human face, centred on the mid point of a line joining the ears. The base of the
hemisphere is a plane through this line, the top of the head and the larynx. This technical description is not applicable
when respiratory protective equipment is used.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.4.5]
3.8
sorbent tube
device, usually made of metal or glass, containing a collection substrate such as a sorbent or a support
impregnated with reagent
Note 1 to entry Some sorbent tubes are intended for use as active samplers and some as passive samplers.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.5]
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3.9
pressure drop
difference between ambient pressure and the pressure at the inlet of the pump, for a
constant volumetric flow rate setting
Note 1 to entry The pressure drop, sometimes referred to as back pressure, is measured across the sampler, the
collection substrate and the tubing.
3.10
flow-controlled pump
pump with nominally constant flow rate provided by an automatic flow control system
3.11
nominal flow rate range
range of volumetric flow rate values, adjustable at the pump, at which the manufacturer claims that the pump
can operate at a constant flow rate up to the maximum value of the required pressure drop range for the
operating time
3.12
operating time
period during which the pump can be operated at specified flow rate and pressure drop without recharging or
replacing the battery
3.13
pulsation
short-term relative variation of volumetric flow rate at a given flow rate
4 Types of pumps
Sampling pumps are classified according to their intended use as follows:
 type P: pumps for personal sampling of airborne particles;
 type G: pumps for personal sampling of gases and vapours.
NOTE 1 Type P pumps can be used for personal sampling of gases and vapours as long as they comply with the
type G pump requirements.
NOTE 2 For types of pump mechanisms and control systems see Annex A.
5 Requirements
5.1 Features
The pump shall have the following features:
a) an automatic control which keeps the volumetric flow rate nominally constant;
b) a means to reduce the likelihood of unintentional or unauthorized adjustment of any pump control, such
that it is concealed beneath a cover, can only be actuated with the aid of a tool or requires specialized
knowledge for operation;
c) either a malfunction indicator which, following completion of sampling, indicates that the air flow has been
reduced or interrupted during sampling, or an automatic cut-out which stops the pump if the flow rate is
reduced or interrupted;
d) a fuse or resettable breaker which interrupts the current in the electrical circuit of the pump in the case of
excessive current drain;
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e) a filter which prevents particles from being drawn into the pump's mechanism;
f) a means to secure the pump on a person (integrated or available as an accessory).
NOTE Some pumps use internal sensors to provide atmospheric, pressure and air flow data. Information on the use
of these sensors is given in Annex B.
5.2 Mass
The mass of the pump, including batteries and integral holders, shall not exceed 1,2 kg for sampling pumps
-1
with a flow rate of less or equal than 5 l  min and 2,5 kg for sampling pumps with a flow rate above
-1
5 l  min .
5.3 Design safety
The outer case of the pump shall be so designed that there are no sharp corners or other uncomfortable
protruding parts.
5.4 Operating time
The operating time shall be at least 1 h and should preferably be greater than 8 h. This applies to the
complete nominal flow rate range against a specified pressure drop at (5 ± 2) °C.
NOTE The capacity of a battery increases with temperature. Therefore, the test is performed towards the lower end
of the temperature range the pump is likely to be used.
For the duration of the operating time, the flow rate shall not deviate by more than 5 % from the initial value.
The manufacturer shall report, in the instructions for use, the operating time at the specified pressure drop
according to 5.10 for the flow rates given in Table 1 at (5 ± 2) °C.
Table 1 – Flow rates for manufacturer’s reporting of the operating time
Pump type Nominal flow rate range Flow rate setting
-1 -1
ml  min ml  min
type P ≤ 5 000 2 000
Maximum value of the pump's
nominal flow rate range
> 5 000 Minimum value of the pump's
nominal flow rate range
Maximum value of the pump's
nominal flow rate range
type G ≤ 300 50
Maximum value of the pump's
nominal flow rate range
> 300 300
Maximum value of the pump's
nominal flow rate range
NOTE For regular user tests to maintain pumps and flow meters see Annex C.
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5.5 Start-up and long-term performance
During operation of the pump at (5 ± 2) °C and in the range from 20 °C to 25 °C, the flow rate shall not deviate
by more than 5 % from the value measured at the start of the determination of the long-term performance.
5.6 Short-term interruption of air flow
When the air flow is fully blocked, the pump shall cut out or the malfunction indicator activate. The pump may
try to restart automatically within (120 ± 10) s of the airflow becoming blocked. If the air flow is blocked for
more than (120 ± 10) s, the pump shall not restart automatically or the malfunction indicator shall remain
activated until reset.
5.7 Temperature dependence
When the flow rate is set within the temperature range from 20 °C to 25°C in accordance with 7.7, it shall not
deviate by more than 5 % after running for a period of (60 ± 1) min when the temperature is changed to the
next (fixed) value within the range from 5 °C to 40 °C as stated in 7.7.3.
5.8 Mechanical strength
The general function of the pump shall not be impaired by shock treatment (see 7.8). No me
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