Sustainability of construction works - Environmental product declarations - Communication format business-to-business

This document is applicable to all construction products and services related to buildings and construction works. It specifies and describes the communication format for the information defined in EN 15804 for business-to-business communication to ensure a common understanding through consistent communication of information.
NOTE This document does not deal with business-to-consumer communication and is not intended for that purpose. Business-to-consumer communication format is planned to be the subject of a future document.

Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken - Umweltproduktdeklarationen - Kommunikationsformate zwischen Unternehmen

Dieses Dokument ist anzuwenden für alle Bauprodukte und Dienstleistungen, die sich auf Gebäude und Bauleistungen beziehen. Um ein gemeinsames Verständnis durch eine einheitliche Kommunikation von Informationen sicherzustellen, wird in diesem Dokument das Kommunikationsformat für die in EN 15804 definierten Informationen für die Kommunikation zwischen Unternehmen festgelegt und beschrieben.
ANMERKUNG   Dieses Dokument behandelt nicht die Kommunikation von Unternehmen an Verbraucher und ist nicht für diesen Zweck vorgesehen. Ein Kommunikationsformat von Unternehmen an Verbraucher soll Gegenstand eines zukünftigen Dokuments sein.

Contribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable - Déclarations environnementales des produits - Formats de communication entre professionnels

Le présent document s'applique à tous les produits de construction et services liés aux bâtiments et aux ouvrages de construction. Il spécifie et décrit le format de communication des informations définies dans l'EN 15804 pour la communication entre entreprises, afin de garantir une bonne compréhension grâce à une communication efficace des informations.
NOTE Le présent document n'a pas pour objet de traiter de la communication entre l'entreprise et le consommateur. Le format de communication entre l'entreprise et le consommateur fera l'objet d'un autre document.

Trajnostnost gradbenih objektov - Okoljske deklaracije za proizvode - Komunikacijski format za medpodjetniško poslovanje

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
17-Nov-2021
Completion Date
17-Nov-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15942:2022
01-marec-2022
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 15942:2011
Trajnostnost gradbenih objektov - Okoljske deklaracije za proizvode -
Komunikacijski format za medpodjetniško poslovanje
Sustainability of construction works - Environmental product declarations -
Communication format business-to-business

Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken - Umweltproduktdeklarationen - Kommunikationsformate

zwischen Unternehmen

Contribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable - Déclarations

environnementales des produits - Formats de communication entre professionnels
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15942:2021
ICS:
13.020.20 Okoljska ekonomija. Environmental economics.
Trajnostnost Sustainability
35.240.67 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in building
gradbeništvu and construction industry
91.040.01 Stavbe na splošno Buildings in general
SIST EN 15942:2022 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 15942:2022
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.010.99; 91.040.01 Supersedes EN 15942:2011
English Version
Sustainability of construction works - Environmental
product declarations - Communication format business-to-
business
Contribution des ouvrages de construction au Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken -
développement durable - Déclarations Umweltproduktdeklarationen -

environnementales des produits - Formats de Kommunikationsformate zwischen Unternehmen

communication entre professionnels
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 September 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15942:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................ 3

Introduction .......................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ......................................................................................................................... 5

4 Symbols and abbreviations ............................................................................................................... 6

5 Communication principles ................................................................................................................ 6

5.1 General principles ................................................................................................................................ 6

5.2 Types of information addressed ..................................................................................................... 6

6 Requirements for EPD communication format .......................................................................... 8

7 Information Transfer Matrix ............................................................................................................ 8

7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.2 Modules and scenarios ........................................................................................................................ 8

7.3 Indicators ................................................................................................................................................. 9

7.4 Aggregation of information ............................................................................................................... 9

7.5 Scenarios .................................................................................................................................................. 9

Annex A (normative) Master ITM ............................................................................................................... 10

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 35

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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15942:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 350 “Sustainability

of construction works”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15942:2011.

In comparison with the previous edition, the following technical modifications have been made:

— alignment of the content to the last amendment of EN 15804 (EN 15804:2012+A2:2019);

— revision of the general information table according to the content usually provided in EPDs;

— update of the tables to allow the declaration of more than one scenario per module;

— revision of the text to keep consistency with other CEN/TC 350 complementary standards.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.

A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Introduction

The aim of this document is to harmonize the way in which environmental product declarations (EPD)

are communicated in Europe.

It is relevant to the use of the EPD in the building chain where materials and products are assembled into

new products and assemblies, each with their own EPD.

This document will improve handling of the data from EPD at the building level and the assessment of

environmental performance of buildings.

An EPD expressed in a standardized format will facilitate the communication of the product's

environmental performance for business-to-business (B2B).
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document is applicable to all construction products and services related to buildings and

construction works. It specifies and describes the communication format for the information defined in

EN 15804 for business-to-business communication to ensure a common understanding through

consistent communication of information.

NOTE This document does not deal with business-to-consumer communication and is not intended for that

purpose. Business-to-consumer communication format is planned to be the subject of a future document.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Sustainability of construction works - Environmental product declarations - Core

rules for the product category of construction products
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 15804 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
consumer

individual member of the general public purchasing or using goods, property or services for private

purposes
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14025:2010]
3.2
business-to-business communication

describing or involving the passage of information between different businesses, rather than between

businesses and the general public and consumers
3.3
Information Transfer Matrix
ITM

generic template to present and transfer environmental information in a structured and consistent way

and in a common format
3.4
significant figures
those digits of a number that carry meaning contributing to its precision
Note 1 to entry: This includes all digits except:

— leading and trailing zeros where they serve merely as placeholders to indicate the scale of the number,

— spurious digits introduced, for example, by calculations carried out to greater accuracy than that of the

original data, or measurements reported to a greater precision than the EPD supports.

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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
4 Symbols and abbreviations
B2B Business-to-business
c-PCR Complementary product category rules
EPD Environmental product declaration
LCA Life cycle assessment
LCI Life cycle inventory analysis
LCIA Life cycle impact assessment
ITM Information Transfer Matrix
ND Not declared
PCR Product category rules
RSL Reference service life
5 Communication principles
5.1 General principles
The ITM presents and allows transfer of environmental information. It

— does not preclude the fact that an EPD can have an individual and unique format;

— is the standardized part of EPD communication according to EN 15804;
— shall contain a statement whether the ITM has been independently verified.
5.2 Types of information addressed

Table 1 describes how ITM addresses the different types of information according to EN 15804.

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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Table 1 — Types of information and relevant clause in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019
Clause and table in
Type of information
EN 15804:2012+A2:2019
General information Clause 7.1 and Table 2
Core environmental
Clause 7.2.3.1 and Table 3
impact indicators
Additional
Indicators
environmental impact Clause 7.2.3.2 and Table 4
describing
indicators
environmental
impacts based on Disclaimers to the
LCIA declaration of core and
additional Clause 7.2.3.3 and Table 5
environmental impact
Environmental
indicators
indicators derived
from LCA Indicators describing
Clause 7.2.4.2 and Table 6
resource use
Indicators
describing resource Environmental
use and information describing Clause 7.2.4.3 and Table 7
environmental waste categories
information based
Environmental
on LCI
information describing Clause 7.2.4.4 and Table 8
output flows
Information on biogenic carbon content Clause 7.2.5 and Table 9
A4, Transport to the
Clause 7.3.2.1 and Table 10
building site
Construction
process stage
A5, Installation in the
Clause 7.3.2.2 and Table 11
building
B1-B5 use stage related
Clause 7.3.3.1 and Table 12
Scenarios and to the building fabric
technical
B1-B7 use stage Reference service life Clause 7.3.3.2 and Table 13
information
B6, use of energy and
Clause 7.3.3.3 and Table 14
B7, use of water
End of life Clause 7.3.4 and Table 15
Benefits and loads beyond the product system
boundary
Additional
Indoor air Clause 7.4.1
information on
release of
dangerous
substances to
indoor air, soil and Soil and water Clause 7.4.2
water during the
use stage
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
6 Requirements for EPD communication format

An EPD shall include an ITM following these formatting requirements (electronic and paper):

— the information in the ITM shall not be misleading;

— as regards the structure of the EPD, information shall be accurately placed in its unique position

identified in the ITM, according to Annex A, but tables can be transposed from rows to columns and

vice versa;

— quantitative data shall be numerically reported in the appropriate units of measurement as

prescribed in EN 15804;

— no more than three significant figures shall be applied to numerical reporting;

— text shall be clearly written adopting a single language throughout;

— where text is conveying a qualitative issue or parameter, it shall provide sufficient detail as to give

transparency and precise and accurate understanding of that issue or parameter.

NOTE prEN ISO 22057 addresses the data templates for the use of EPDs for construction products in BIM.

7 Information Transfer Matrix
7.1 General

This clause defines the standardized part of the EPD communication, i.e. the generic template.

The content of an EPD shall be communicated at minimum through the ITM as given in Annex A.

Communication of standardized environmental information for construction goods and services requires

a format that provides a location of all elements of information from different sources. The ITM provides

a unique and consistent reference position in a grid.

With reference to EN 15804 the ITM will contain some information, which is mandatory and some

information, which is voluntary. If an indicator or a module is not declared they shall be reported as an

entry of “ND”. In case all the cells of a row or a column are not declared, the row or column can be

removed.

The general information shall be included in the ITM as described in Table A.1 — Declaration of general

information and Table A.3 — Demonstration of verification. An additional diagram describing the system

boundaries of the product system under study shall be included together with the general information.

Information about the Reference Service Life is listed in Table A.2 — Technical information for Reference

Service Life.
7.2 Modules and scenarios

The matrix provides the template for communicating this information for each of the modules as defined

in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Figure 1. The matrix is also used for communicating the information for

realistic scenarios which can occur and/or the respective technical information for these scenarios. The

ITM consists of a grid structure in which all items of information according to EN 15804 shall be

presented.

The ITM allows reporting of an EPD covering a full life cycle, but also for example, of information

representing single or multiple scenarios for discrete life cycle stages such as production, use or end of

life. Where multiple scenarios for discrete life cycle stages or information modules are to be reported the

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)

ITM shall be separated into sub-ITM-tables, as presented in Annex A. Where there are known linkages

between scenarios of different modules these shall be stated in the scenario description.

For EPDs which cover only some modules, only the modules declared shall be provided in the ITM.

7.3 Indicators

All core indicators shall be included in the ITM for the relevant modules as described in Table A.4 — Core

environmental impact indicators.

Declared additional indicators shall be included in the ITM for the relevant modules as described in

Table A.5 — Additional environmental impact indicators. Additional indicators not declared shall be

mentioned in the EPD, e.g. as an entry of “ND” to the table or as text.

Disclaimers shall be declared in the EPD with regard to the declaration of the relevant core and additional

environmental impact indicators according to EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Table 5.

All indicators describing resource use shall be included in the ITM for the relevant modules as described

in Table A.6 — Indicators describing resource use.

Other environmental information describing waste category shall be included in the ITM for the relevant

modules as described in Table A.7 — Other environmental information describing waste category.

Environmental information describing output flows shall be included in the ITM for the relevant modules

as described in Table A.8 — Environmental information describing output flows.

Information describing the biogenic carbon content at the factory gate shall be included in the ITM for

the relevant modules as described in Table A.9 — Information describing the biogenic carbon content at

the factory gate.
7.4 Aggregation of information

The indicators declared in the individual information modules of a product life cycle A1 to A5, B1 to B7,

C1 to C4 and module D as described in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Figure 1 shall not be added up in any

combination of the individual information modules into a total or sub-total of the life cycle stages A, B, C

or D. As an exception, information modules A1, A2, and A3 may be aggregated.
7.5 Scenarios

When relevant, the information related to scenarios shall be included in the ITM as described in

Tables A.10 to A.24.
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Annex A
(normative)
Master ITM
Table A.1 — Declaration of general information
General information
manufacturer's name
manufacturer's address
manufacturer's website
manufacturer's logo
b relevant c-PCR (Complementary product category rules)
description of the construction product's use
c functional unit
declared unit

d reference service life (RSL) see Table A.2 — Technical information for Reference Service Life

construction product identification by name (including any product code)

simple visual representation of the construction product to which the data relates

f description of the main product components and/or materials
programme operator name
programme operator address
programme operator logo
programme operator website
date of the declaration
date of the end of validity
information on which stages are not considered
justification for the exemption to declare modules C1, C2, C3, C4 and D
software used for the assessment including version and date

background database used for the assessment including version, date and, if applicable, system

model
cut-off rules and allocation approach

statement that EPD of construction products may not be comparable if they do not comply with

EN 15804

statement about the use of average environmental performance for a number of products

description of the range/variability of the LCIA results if significant
m site/manufacturer/group of manufacturers/representatives of the manufacturers
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)

declaration of material content of the product (as a minimum, substances contained in the product

n that are listed in the “Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern for authorisation” when

their content exceeds the limits for registration with the European Chemicals Agency)

o information on where explanatory material may be obtained
Compulsory declaration
Compulsory declaration if relevant
Compulsory declaration if functional unit is not declared
Compulsory declaration if exemption applies
Compulsory declaration if applicable
Table A.2 — Technical information for Reference Service Life
Results expressed per
Parameter Units/comments functional or declared
unit
Reference Service Life years
units as
Declared product properties (at the gate) and finishes, etc.
appropriate
Design application parameters (if instructed by the
units as
manufacturer), including the references to the appropriate
appropriate
practices and application codes
An assumed quality of work, when installed in accordance units as
with the manufacturer’s instructions appropriate
Outdoor environment, (for outdoor applications), e.g.
units as
weathering, pollutants, UV and wind exposure, building
appropriate
orientation, shading, temperature
Indoor environment (for indoor applications), e.g. units as
temperature, moisture, chemical exposure appropriate
Usage conditions, e.g. frequency of use, mechanical units as
exposure appropriate
Maintenance, e.g. required frequency, type and quality and units as
replacement of components appropriate
Table A.3 — Demonstration of verification
CEN standard EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 serves as the c-PCR

Independent verification of the declaration and data, according to EN ISO 14025:2010

⬜ internal ⬜ external
(Where appropriate ) Third party verifier:
< Name of the third party verifier >
Product category rules
Optional
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Table A.4 — Core environmental impact indicators
Indicator
Unit
Module A1
Module A2
Module A3
Modules A1-A3
scenario A4.1
Module
scenario A4.n
scenario A5.1
Module
scenario A5.n
scenario B1.1
Module
scenario B1.n
scenario B2.1
Module
scenario B2.n
scenario B3.1
Module
scenario B3.n
scenario B4.1
Module
scenario B4.n
scenario B5.1
Module
scenario B5.n
kg CO eq. GWP-total
kg CO eq. GWP-fossil
kg CO eq. GWP-biogenic
kg CO eq. GWP-luluc
kg CFC 11 eq. ODP
mol H eq. AP
kg PO eq. EP-freshwater
kg N eq. EP-marine
mol N eq. EP-terrestrial
kg NMVOC eq. POCP
kg Sb eq. ADP-minerals&metals
MJ,
ADP-fossil
net calorific value
m world eq.
WDP
deprived
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Indicator
Unit
scenario B6.1
Module
scenario B6.n
scenario B7.1
Module
scenario B7.n
scenario C1.1
Module
scenario C1.n
scenario C2.1
Module
scenario C2.n
scenario C3.1
Module
scenario C3.n
scenario C4.1
Module
scenario C4.n
scenario D.1
Module D …
scenario D.n
kg CO eq. GWP-total
kg CO eq. GWP-fossil
kg CO eq. GWP-biogenic
kg CO eq. GWP-luluc
kg CFC 11 eq. ODP
mol H eq. AP
kg PO eq. EP-freshwater
kg N eq. EP-marine
mol N eq. EP-terrestrial
kg NMVOC eq. POCP
kg Sb eq. ADP-minerals&metals
MJ,
ADP-fossil
net calorific value
m world eq.
WDP
deprived
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Table A.5 — Additional environmental impact indicators
Indicator PM IRP ETP-fw HTP-c HTP-nc SQP
Disease kBq U 235
Unit CTUe CTUh CTUh —
incidence eq.
Module A1
Module A2
Module A3
Modules A1-A3
scenario
A4.1
Module
scenario
A4.n
scenario
A5.1
Module
scenario
A5.n
scenario
B1.1
Module
scenario
B1.n
scenario
B2.1
Module
scenario
B2.n
scenario
B3.1
Module
scenario
B3.n
scenario
B4.1
Module
scenario
B4.n
scenario
Module
B5.1
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Indicator PM IRP ETP-fw HTP-c HTP-nc SQP
Disease kBq U 235
Unit CTUe CTUh CTUh —
incidence eq.
scenario
B5.n
scenario
B6.1
Module
scenario
B6.n
scenario
B7.1
Module
scenario
B7.n
scenario
C1.1
Module
scenario
C1.n
scenario
C2.1
Module
scenario
C2.n
scenario
C3.1
Module
scenario
C3.n
scenario
C4.1
Module
scenario
C4.n
scenario D.1
Module
scenario D.n
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SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Table A.6 — Indicators describing resource use
Indicator
Unit
Module A1
Module A2
Module A3
Modules A1-A3
scenario A4.1
Module A4 …
scenario A4.n
scenario A5.1
Module A5
Use of renewable primary energy excluding
MJ,
renewable primary energy resources used
net calorific
as raw materials
value
MJ,
Use of renewable primary energy resources
net calorific
used as raw materials
value
MJ, Total use of renewable primary energy
net calorific resources (primary energy and primary
value energy resources used as raw materials)
MJ, Use of non-renewable primary energy
net calorific excluding non-renewable primary energy
value resources used as raw materials
MJ,
Use of non-renewable primary energy
net calorific
resources used as raw materials
value
Total use of non-renewable primary energy
MJ,
resources (primary energy and primary
net calorific
energy resources used as raw materials)
value
kg Use of secondary material
MJ,
net calorific Use of renewable secondary fuels
value
MJ,
net calorific Use of non-renewable secondary fuels
value
m Net use of fresh water
---------------------- Page: 18 ----------------------
SIST EN 15942:2022
EN 15942:2021 (E)
Indicator
Unit
scenario A5.n
scenario B1.1
Module B1 …
scenario B1.n
scenario B2.1
Module B2 …
scenario B2.n
scenario B3.1
Module B3 …
scenario B3.n
Use of renewable primary energy excluding
MJ,
renewable primary energy resources used
net calorific
as raw materials
value
MJ,
Use of renewable primary energy resources
net calorific
used as raw materials
value
MJ, Total use of renewable primary energy
net calorific resources (primary energy and primary
value energy resources used as raw materials)
MJ, Use of non-renewable primary energy
net calorific excluding non-renewable primary energy
value resources used as
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 15942:2020
01-december-2020
Trajnostnost gradbenih objektov - Okoljske deklaracije za proizvode -
Komunikacijski format za medpodjetniško poslovanje
Sustainability of construction works - Environmental product declarations -
Communication format business-to-business

Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken - Umweltproduktdeklarationen - Kommunikationsformate

zwischen Unternehmen

Contribution des ouvrages de construction au développement durable - Déclarations

environnementales des produits - Formats de communication entre professionnels
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 15942
ICS:
13.020.20 Okoljska ekonomija. Environmental economics.
Trajnostnost Sustainability
35.240.67 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in building
gradbeništvu and construction industry
91.040.01 Stavbe na splošno Buildings in general
oSIST prEN 15942:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 15942:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 15942:2020
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 15942
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2020
ICS 91.010.99; 91.040.01 Will supersede EN 15942:2011
English Version
Sustainability of construction works - Environmental
product declarations - Communication format business-to-
business
Contribution des ouvrages de construction au Nachhaltigkeit von Bauwerken -
développement durable - Déclarations Umweltproduktdeklarationen -

environnementales des produits - Formats de Kommunikationsformate zwischen Unternehmen

communication entre professionnels

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 350.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 15942:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 6

5 Communication principles .......................................................................................................................... 6

5.1 Types of information addressed ............................................................................................................... 6

5.2 Types of information addressed ............................................................................................................... 6

6 Requirements for EPD communication format .................................................................................... 8

7 Information Transfer Matrix ...................................................................................................................... 8

7.1 General................................................................................................................................................................ 8

7.2 Modules and scenarios .................................................................................................................................. 8

7.3 Indicators ........................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.4 Aggregation of information ......................................................................................................................... 9

7.5 Scenarios ............................................................................................................................................................ 9

Annex A (normative) Master ITM ........................................................................................................................... 10

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 31

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European foreword

This document (prEN 15942:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 350

“Sustainability of construction works”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 15942:2011.
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Introduction

The aim of this document is to harmonize the way in which environmental product declarations (EPD)

are communicated in Europe.

It is relevant to the use of the EPD in the building chain where materials and products are assembled

into new products and assemblies, each with their own EPD.

This document will improve handling of the data from EPD at the building level and the assessment of

environmental performance of buildings.

An EPD expressed in a standardized format will facilitate the communication of the product's

environmental performance for business-to-business (B2B).
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1 Scope

This document is applicable to all construction products and services related to buildings and

construction works. It specifies and describes the communication format for the information defined in

EN 15804 for business-to-business communication to ensure a common understanding through

consistent communication of information.

NOTE This document does not deal with business to consumer communication and is not intended for that

purpose. Business to consumer communication format is planned to be the subject of a future document.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Sustainability of construction works - Environmental product declarations -

Core rules for the product category of construction products
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 15804 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
consumer

individual member of the general public purchasing or using goods, property or services for private

purposes
[SOURCE: EN ISO 14025:2010]
3.2
business-to-business communication

describing or involving the passage of information between different businesses, rather than between

businesses and the general public and consumers
3.3
Information Transfer Matrix
ITM

generic template to present and transfer environmental information in a structured and consistent way

and in a common format
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3.4
significant figures
those digits of a number that carry meaning contributing to its precision
Note 1 to entry: This includes all digits except:

– leading and trailing zeros where they serve merely as placeholders to indicate the scale of the number,

– spurious digits introduced, for example, by calculations carried out to greater accuracy than that of the

original data, or measurements reported to a greater precision than the EPD supports.

4 Symbols and abbreviations
B2B Business-to-business
c-PCR Complementary product category rules
EPD Environmental product declaration
LCA Life cycle assessment
LCI Life cycle inventory analysis
LCIA Life cycle impact assessment
ESL Estimated service life
ITM Information Transfer Matrix
ND Not declared
PCR Product category rules
RSL Reference service life
5 Communication principles
5.1 Types of information addressed
The ITM presents and allows transfer of environmental information. It

— does not preclude the fact that an EPD can have an individual and unique format;

— is the standardized part of EPD communication according to EN 15804;
— shall contain a statement whether the ITM has been independently verified.
5.2 Types of information addressed

Table 1 describes how ITM addresses the different types of information according to EN 15804.

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Table 1 — Types of information and relevant clause in EN 15804
Type of information Clause and table in EN 15804
General information Clause 7.1 and Table 2
Core environmental
Clause 7.2.3.1 and Table 3
impact indicators
Additional
Indicators describing environmental Clause 7.2.3.2 and Table 4
environmental impact indicators
impacts based on
Disclaimers to the
LCIA
declaration of core
and additional Clause 7.2.3.3 and Table 5
environmental
impact indicators
Environmental
indicators derived Indicators describing
Clause 7.2.4.2 and Table 6
from LCA resource use
Environmental
Indicators describing
information
resource use and
Clause 7.2.4.3 and Table 7
describing waste
environmental
categories
information base on
Environmental
LCI
information
Clause 7.2.4.4 and Table 8
describing output
flows
Information on biogenic carbon content Clause 7.2.5 and Table 9
A4, Transport to the
Clause 7.3.2.1 and Table 10
building site
Construction process
stage
A5, Installation in
Clause 7.3.2.2 and Table 11
the building
B1-B5 use stage
related to the Clause 7.3.3.1 and Table 12
Scenarios and
building fabric
technical
B1-B7 use stage Reference service
information Clause 7.3.3.2 and Table 13
life
B6, use of energy
Clause 7.3.3.3 and Table 14
and B7, use of water
End of life Clause 7.3.4 and Table 15
Benefits and loads beyond the product
system boundary
Additional
Indoor air Clause 7.4.1
information on
release of dangerous
substances to indoor
air, soil and water Soil and water Clause 7.4.2
during the use stage
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6 Requirements for EPD communication format

An EPD shall include an ITM following these formatting requirements (electronic and paper):

— the information in the ITM shall not be misleading;

— as regards the structure of the EPD, information shall be accurately placed in its unique position

identified in the ITM, according to Annex A, but tables can be transposed from rows to columns and

vice versa;

— quantitative data shall be numerically reported in the appropriate units of measurement as

prescribed in EN 15804;

— no more than three significant figures shall be applied to numerical reporting;

— text shall be clearly written adopting a single language throughout;

— where text is conveying a qualitative issue or parameter, it shall provide sufficient detail as to give

transparency and precise and accurate understanding of that issue or parameter.
7 Information Transfer Matrix
7.1 General

This clause defines the standardized part of the EPD communication i.e. the generic template.

The content of an EPD shall be communicated at minimum through the ITM as given in Annex A.

Communication of standardised environmental information for construction goods and services

requires a format that provides a location of all elements of information from different sources. The ITM

provides a unique and consistent reference position in a grid.

With reference to EN 15804 the ITM will contain some information, which is mandatory and some

information, which is voluntary. If an indicator or a module is not declared they shall be reported as an

entry of "ND". In case all the cells of a row or a column are not declared, the row or column can be

removed.

The general information shall be included in the ITM as described in Table A.1 — Declaration of general

information and Table A.3 — Demonstration of verification. An additional diagram describing the

system boundaries of the product system under study may be included together with the general

information.
7.2 Modules and scenarios

The matrix provides the template for communicating this information for each of the modules as

defined in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Figure 1. The matrix is also used for communicating the

information for any of the scenarios, which can occur and/or the respective technical information for

these scenarios. The ITM consists of a grid structure in which all items of information according to

EN 15804 shall be presented.

The ITM allows reporting of an EPD covering a full life cycle, but also for example, of information

representing single or multiple scenarios for discrete life cycle stages such as production, use or end of

life. Where multiple scenarios for discrete life cycle stages or information modules are to be reported

the ITM shall be separated into sub-ITM-tables, as presented in Annex A. Where there are known

linkages between scenarios of different modules these shall be stated in the scenario description

For EPDs which cover only some modules, only the modules declared shall be provided in the ITM.

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7.3 Indicators

All core indicators shall be included in the ITM for the relevant modules as described in Table A.4 —

Core environmental impact indicators.

Declared additional indicators shall be included in the ITM for the relevant modules as described in

Table A.5 — Additional environmental impact indicators. Additional indicators not declared shall be

mentioned in the EPD e.g. as an entry of "ND" to the table or as text.

Disclaimers shall be declared in the EPD with regard to the declaration of the relevant core and

additional environmental impact indicators according to Table 5 of EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.

All indicators describing resource use shall be included in the ITM for the relevant modules as

described in Table A.6 — Indicators describing resource use.

Other environmental information describing waste category shall be included in the ITM for the

relevant modules as described in Table A.7 — Other environmental information describing waste

category.

Environmental information describing output flows shall be included in the ITM for the relevant

modules as described in Table A.8 — Environmental information describing output flows.

Information describing the biogenic carbon content at the factory gate shall be included in the ITM for

the relevant modules as described in Table A.9 — Information describing the biogenic carbon content at

the factory gate.
7.4 Aggregation of information

The indicators declared in the individual information modules of a product life cycle A1 to A5, B1 to B7,

C1 to C4 and module D as described in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Figure 1 shall not be added up in any

combination of the individual information modules into a total or sub-total of the life cycle stages A, B, C

or D. As an exception, information modules A1, A2, and A3 may be aggregated.
7.5 Scenarios

When relevant, the information related to scenarios shall be included in the ITM as described in

Tables A.10 to A.24.
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Annex A
(normative)
Master ITM
Table A.1 — Declaration of general information
General information
manufacturer's name
manufacturer's address
manufacturer's website
manufacturer's logo
b relevant c-PCR (Complementary product category rules)
description of the construction product's use
c functional unit
declared unit

d reference service life (RSL) see Table A.2 — Technical information for Reference Service Life

construction product identification by name (including any product code)

simple visual representation of the construction product to which the data relates

f description of the main product components and/or materials
programme operator name
programme operator address
programme operator logo
programme operator website
date of the declaration
date of the end of validity
information on which stages are not considered
justification for the exemption to declare modules C1, C2, C3, C4 and D
software used for the assessment including version and date

background database used for the assessment including version, date and, if applicable, system model

statement that EPD of construction products may not be comparable if they do not comply with

EN 15804

statement about the use of average environmental performance for a number of products

description of the range/variability of the LCIA results if significant
m site/manufacturer/group of manufacturers/representatives of the manufacturers
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declaration of material content of the product (as a minimum, substances contained in the product

n that are listed in the “Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern for authorisation” when their

content exceeds the limits for registration with the European Chemicals Agency)
o information on where explanatory material may be obtained
Compulsory declaration
Compulsory declaration if relevant
Compulsory declaration if functional unit is not declared
Compulsory declaration if exemption applies
Compulsory declaration if applicable
Table A.2 — Technical information for Reference Service Life
Results expressed per
Parameter Units/comments functional or declared
unit
Reference Service Life years

Declared product properties (at the gate) and finishes, etc. units as appropriate

Design application parameters (if instructed by the
manufacturer), including the references to the appropriate units as appropriate
practices and application codes
An assumed quality of work, when installed in accordance
units as appropriate
with the manufacturer’s instructions
Outdoor environment, (for outdoor applications), e.g.
weathering, pollutants, UV and wind exposure, building units as appropriate
orientation, shading, temperature
Indoor environment (for indoor applications), e.g.
units as appropriate
temperature, moisture, chemical exposure

Usage conditions, e.g. frequency of use, mechanical exposure units as appropriate

Maintenance e.g. required frequency, type and quality and
units as appropriate
replacement of components
Table A.3 — Demonstration of verification
CEN standard EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 serves as the c-PCR

Independent verification of the declaration and data, according to EN ISO 14025:2010

⬜ internal ⬜ external
(Where appropriate ) Third party verifier:

Product category rules
Optional
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Table A.4 — Core environmental impact indicators
Indicator
Unit
Module A1
Module A2
Module A3
Modules A1-A3
scenario A4.1
Module
scenario A4.n
scenario A5.1
Module
scenario A5.n
scenario B1.1
Module
scenario B1.n
scenario B2.1
Module
scenario B2.n
scenario B3.1
Module
scenario B3.n
scenario B4.1
Module
scenario B4.n
kg CO eq. GWP-total
kg CO eq. GWP-fossil
kg CO eq. GWP-biogenic
kg CO eq. GWP-luluc
kg CFC 11 eq. ODP
mol H eq. AP
kg PO eq. EP-freshwater
kg N eq. EP-marine
mol N eq. EP-terrestrial
kg NMVOC eq. POCP
ADP-
kg Sb eq.
minerals&metals
MJ,
ADP-fossil
net calorific value
m world eq. deprived WDP
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scenario B5.1
Module
scenario B5.n
scenario B6.1
Module
scenario B6.n
scenario B7.1
Module
scenario B7.n
scenario C1.1
Module
scenario C1.n
scenario C2.1
Module
scenario C2.n
scenario C3.1
Module
scenario C3.n
scenario C4.1
Module
scenario C4.n
scenario D.1
Module
scenario D.n
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Table A.5 — Additional environmental impact indicators
Indicator PM IRP ETP-fw HTP-c HTP-nc SQP
Disease kBq U 235
Unit CTUe CTUh CTUh —
incidence eq.
Module A1
Module A2
Module A3
Modules A1-A3
scenario
A4.1
Module
scenario
A4.n
scenario
A5.1
Module
scenario
A5.n
scenario
B1.1
Module
scenario
B1.n
scenario
B2.1
Module
scenario
B2.n
scenario
B3.1
Module
scenario
B3.n
scenario
B4.1
Module
scenario
B4.n
Module scenario
B5 B5.1
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scenario
B5.n
scenario
B6.1
Module
scenario
B6.n
scenario
B7.1
Module
scenario
B7.n
scenario
C1.1
Module
scenario
C1.n
scenario
C2.1
Module
scenario
C2.n
scenario
C3.1
Module
scenario
C3.n
scenario
C4.1
Module
scenario
C4.n
scenario D.1
Module
scenario D.n
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Table A.6 — Indicators describing resource use
Indicator
Unit
Module A1
Module A2
Module A3
Modules A1-A3
scenario
A4.1
Module
scenario
A4.n
scenario
A5.1
Module
scenario
A5.n
scenario
B1.1
Module
scenario
B1.n
scenario
B2.1
Module
scenario
B2.n
MJ, Use of renewable primary energy excluding
net calorific renewable primary energy resources used as
value raw materials
MJ,
Use of renewable primary energy resources
net calorific
used as raw materials
value
MJ, Total use of renewable primary energy
net calorific resources (primary energy and primary
value energy resources used as raw materials)
MJ, Use of non-renewable primary energy
net calorific excluding non-renewable primary energy
value resources used as raw materials
MJ,
Use of non-renewable primary energy
net calorific
resources used as raw materials
value
MJ, Total use of non-renewable primary energy
net calorific resources (primary energy and primary
value energy resources used as raw materials)
kg Use of secondary material
MJ,
net calorific Use of renewable secondary fuels
value
MJ,
net calorific Use of non-renewable secondary fuels
value
m Net use of fresh water
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scenario
B3.1
Module
scenario
B3.n
scenario
B4.1
Module
scenario
B4.n
scenario
B5.1
Module
scenario
B5.n
scenario
B6.1
Module
scenario
B6.n
scenario
B7.1
Module
scenario
B7.n
scenario
C1.1
Module
scenario
C1.n
scenario
C2.1
Module
scenario
C2.n
scenario
C3.1
Module
scenario
C3.n
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scenario
C4.1
Module
scenario
C4.n
scenario D.1
Module
scenario D.n
Table A.7 — Other environmental information describing waste category
Non-hazardous waste Radioactive waste
Indicator Hazardous waste disposed
disposed disposed
Unit kg kg kg
Module A1
Module A2
Module A3
Modules A1-A3
scenario
A4.1
Module
scenario
A4.n
scenario
A5.1
Module
scenario
A5.n
scenario
B1.1
Module
scenario
B1.n
scenario
B2.1
Module
scenario
B2.n
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scenario
B3.1
Module
scenario
B3.n
scenario
B4.1
Module
scenario
B4.n
scenario
B5.1
Module
scenario
B5.n
scenario
B6.1
Module
scenario
B6.n
scenario
B7.1
Module
scenario
B7.n
scenario
C1.1
Module
scenario
C1.n
scenario
C2.1
Module
scenario
C2.n
scenario
C3.1
Module
scenario
C3.n
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