Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of fixed means and general requirements of access (ISO 14122-1:2016)

ISO 14122-1:2016 gives general requirements for access to stationary machines and guidance about the correct choice of means of access when necessary access to the stationary machine is not possible directly from the ground level or from a floor.
It is applicable to permanent means of access which are a part of a stationary machine, and also to non-powered adjustable parts (e.g. foldable, slidable) and movable parts of fixed means of access.
NOTE 1 "Fixed" means of access are those mounted in such a manner (for example, by screws, nuts, welding) that they can only be removed by the use of tools.
ISO 14122-1:2016 specifies minimum requirements that also apply when the same means of access is required as the part of the building or civil construction (e.g. working platforms, walkways, ladders) where the machine is installed, on condition that the main function of that part of the construction is to provide a means of access to the machine.
NOTE 2 Where no local regulation or standards exist, this part of ISO 14122 can be used for means of access which are outside the scope of the standard.
It is intended that this part of ISO 14122 be used with a relevant access-specific part of ISO 14122.
The ISO 14122 series as a whole is applicable to both stationary and mobile machinery where fixed means of access are necessary. It is not applicable to powered means of access such as lifts, escalators, or other devices specially designed to lift persons between two levels.
ISO 14122-1:2016 is not applicable to machinery manufactured before the date of its publication.
For the significant hazards covered by this part of ISO 14122, see Clause 4.

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Ortsfeste Zugänge zu maschinellen Anlagen - Teil 1: Wahl eines ortsfesten Zugangs und allgemeine Anforderungen (ISO 14122-1:2016)

Diese Internationale Norm gilt für stationäre Maschinen, für die ortsfeste Zugänge erforderlich sind.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt für Zugänge, die Teil einer Maschine sind.
Diese Internationale Norm kann auch für Zugänge angewendet werden, die Teil des Gebäudes sind (z. B. Arbeitsbühnen, Laufstege, Steigleitern) in dem die Maschine aufgestellt ist, wobei die Hauptfunktion dieses Gebäudeteils darin besteht, den Zugang zu der Maschine zu ermöglichen.
Dieser Teil von ISO 14122 definiert generelle Anforderungen für Zugänge zu Maschinen.
Dieser Teil von ISO 14122 gibt Hinweise zur richtigen Wahl der Zugänge, wenn der nötige Zutritt zu der Maschine nicht direkt vom Boden oder von einer Ebene möglich ist.
ANMERKUNG 1 Falls keine nationale Norm oder Vorschrift anwendbar ist, darf diese Norm auch für Zugänge angewendet werden, die außerhalb des Anwendungsbereiches dieser Norm sind.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt auch für verstellbare (z. B. klappbare oder verschiebbare) Bauteile und für die beweglichen Teile ortsfester Zugänge.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt nicht für Aufzüge, für fahrbare Hubarbeitsbühnen oder für andere Einrichtungen, die für die Personenbeförderung zwischen zwei Ebenen vorgesehen sind.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt nicht für Maschinen, die vor ihrem Erscheinungsdatum hergestellt wurden.
Für die signifikanten Gefährdungen, die durch diese Norm abgedeckt werden, siehe Abschnitt 4.
ANMERKUNG 2 Für mobile Maschinen können aufgrund ihrer Abmessungen und besonderen Nutzungsbedingungen spezifische Anforderungen angewendet werden, die von dieser Norm abweichen. Daher besteht die Absicht, eine Norm für mobile Maschinen zu entwickeln, von der geländegängige mobile Maschinen ausgenommen sind. Für Zugänge zu geländegängigen mobilen Maschinen, wie z. B. Erdbaumaschinen, siehe ISO 2867 und für Landmaschinen siehe ISO 4254-1.

Sécurité des machines - Moyens d'accès permanents aux machines - Partie 1: Choix d'un moyen d'accès et des exigences générales d'accès (ISO 14122-1:2016)

ISO 14122-1:2016 donne les exigences pour l'accès aux machines fixes ainsi que les lignes directrices concernant le choix approprié des moyens d'accès lorsque l'accès nécessaire à la machine n'est pas directement possible à partir du niveau du sol ou d'un plancher.
Elle est applicable aux moyens d'accès permanents faisant partie intégrante d'une machine fixe, aux parties réglables non-motorisées (par exemple pliables, coulissantes) ainsi qu'aux parties mobiles de ces systèmes d'échelles fixes.
NOTE 1 Les moyens d'accès «fixes» sont ceux montés de telle manière (par exemple par boulonnage, par soudage) qu'ils ne puissent être ouvert ou démonté qu'à l'aide d'outils.
ISO 14122-1:2016 spécifie les exigences minimales s'appliquant également aux moyens d'accès aux parties du bâtiment ou de la construction civile (par exemple plates-formes de travail, passerelles, échelles) où la machine est installée, à condition que la fonction principale de cette partie de la construction soit de donner accès à la machine.
NOTE 2 Lorsqu'aucune norme nationale ou réglementation n'existe, la présente partie de l'ISO 14122 peut être utilisée pour les moyens d'accès en dehors de son domaine d'application.
ISO 14122-1:2016 est destinée à être utilisée conjointement avec une des parties de l'ISO 14122 spécifique aux accès, selon le cas.
L'ensemble de la série de normes ISO 14122 est applicable aux machines fixes et mobiles pour lesquelles des moyens d'accès fixes sont nécessaires. Cette série n'est pas applicable aux moyens d'accès motorisés tels que les ascenseurs, les escalators, ou d'autres dispositifs conçus spécialement pour soulever des personnes entre deux niveaux.
ISO 14122-1:2016 n'est pas applicable aux machines fabriquées avant sa date de publication.
Pour les phénomènes dangereux significatifs couverts par la présente partie de l'ISO 14122, voir l'Article 4.

Varnost strojev - Stalni dostopi do strojev - 1. del: Izbira stalnega dostopa in splošne zahteve za dostop (ISO 14122-1:2016)

Ta del standarda ISO 14122 določa splošne zahteve za dostop do stacionarnih strojev in smernice glede pravilne izbire načina dostopa, kadar obvezni dostop do stacionarnega stroja ni mogoč neposredno s tal ali površja.
Uporablja se za trajne načine dostopa, ki so del stacionarnega stroja, in tudi za prilagodljive dele brez pogona (npr. zložljive, drsne) ter premične dele fiksnih načinov dostopa.
OPOMBA 1: »Fiksni« načini dostopa so tisti, ki so nameščeni na tak način (na primer z vijaki, maticami, privarjeni), da jih je mogoče odstraniti samo z orodjem.
Ta del standarda ISO 14122 določa minimalne zahteve, ki veljajo tudi, kadar je enak način dostopa zahtevan kot del objekta ali nizke gradnje (npr. delovne ploščadi, pohodne poti, lestve), če je stroj vgrajen, pod pogojem, da je glavna funkcija tega dela konstrukcije zagotoviti način dostopa do stroja.
OPOMBA 2: Če ni lokalnih predpisov ali standardov, je ta del standarda ISO 14122 mogoče uporabiti za načine dostopa, ki so zunaj področja uporabe tega standarda.
Ta del standarda ISO 14122 je namenjen za uporabo z ustreznim delom standarda ISO 14122, ki se nanaša na dostop.
Skupina standardov ISO 14122 se kot celota uporablja za stacionarne in mobilne stroje, kjer je potreben
fiksni način dostopa. Ne uporablja se za načine dostopa s pogonom, kot so dvigala, tekoče stopnice ali druge naprave, posebej zasnovane za dviganje oseb med dvema ravnema.
Ta del standarda ISO 14122 se ne uporablja za stroje, izdelane pred datumom njegove objave. Posebne nevarnosti, ki jih zajema ta del standarda ISO 14122, so navedene v točki 4.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Jun-2016
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
22-Jun-2016
Completion Date
22-Jun-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
01-november-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2002
SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2002/A1:2010
Varnost strojev - Stalni dostopi do strojev - 1. del: Izbira stalnega dostopa in
splošne zahteve za dostop (ISO 14122-1:2016)

Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of fixed

means and general requirements of access (ISO 14122-1:2016)

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Ortsfeste Zugänge zu maschinellen Anlagen - Teil 1: Wahl

eines ortsfesten Zugangs und allgemeine Anforderungen (ISO 14122-1:2016)
Sécurité des machines - Moyens d'accès permanents aux machines - Partie 1: Choix
d'un moyen d'accès et des exigences générales d'accès (ISO 14122-1:2016)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14122-1:2016
ICS:
13.100 Varnost pri delu. Industrijska Occupational safety.
higiena Industrial hygiene
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
EN ISO 14122-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.110 Supersedes EN ISO 14122-1:2001
English Version
Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to
machinery - Part 1: Choice of fixed means and general
requirements of access (ISO 14122-1:2016)

Sécurité des machines - Moyens d'accès permanents Sicherheit von Maschinen - Ortsfeste Zugänge zu

aux machines - Partie 1: Choix d'un moyen d'accès et maschinellen Anlagen - Teil 1: Wahl eines ortsfesten

des exigences générales d'accès (ISO 14122-1:2016) Zugangs zwischen zwei Ebenen (ISO 14122-1:2016)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 April 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14122-1:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
EN ISO 14122-1:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending

Directive 95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered..................................................... 4

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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
EN ISO 14122-1:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 14122-1:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 199 “Safety

of machinery” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 114 “Safety of machinery” the

secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2016, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN ISO 14122-1:2001.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14122-1:2016 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14122-1:2016 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
EN ISO 14122-1:2016 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending
Directive 95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request M/396 to

provide one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC of the

European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery, and amending Directive

95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157].

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.
Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and
Directive 2006/42/EC [2006 L157]
Essential Requirements of Clause(s) / subclause(s)
Remarks / Notes
Directive 2006/42/EC of this EN
1.5.15 “Risks of slipping, tripping All
or falling”
1.6.2 “Access to operating All
position and service points”

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.

IMPORTANT: Compliance with the requirements of EN ISO 14122-1 and a relevant access-specific

part of EN ISO 14122 is necessary to achieve presumption of conformity.
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14122-1
Second edition
2016-06-01
Safety of machinery — Permanent
means of access to machinery —
Part 1:
Choice of fixed means and general
requirements of access
Sécurité des machines — Moyens d’accès permanents aux
machines —
Partie 1: Choix d’un moyen d’accès et des exigences générales d’accès
Reference number
ISO 14122-1:2016(E)
ISO 2016
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
ISO 14122-1:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
ISO 14122-1:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Significant hazards ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5 General requirements for design and construction ........................................................................................................ 4

6 Requirements for the selection of the fixed means of access ................................................................................ 4

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Preferred means of access ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

6.3 Selection of the means of access .............................................................................................................................................. 4

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.3.2 Conditions for the application of stepladder or fixed ladder .................................................... 5

6.4 Selection between a ramp or a stair ..................................................................................................................................... 5

6.5 Selection between stepladder and fixed ladder ......................................................................................................... 6

7 General requirements for information for use ..................................................................................................................... 7

7.1 Instruction handbook ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7.2 Warnings ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

Annex A (informative) Examples for the changes in the machine or system to make better

access possible ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

Annex B (informative) Significant technical changes between this part of ISO 14122 and the

previous edition .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
ISO 14122-1:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 199, Safety of machinery.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 14122-1:2001), which has been technically

revised. It also incorporates the Amendment ISO 14122-1:2001/Amd 1:2010. See Annex B.

ISO 14122 consists of the following parts, under the general title Safety of machinery — Permanent

means of access to machines:
— Part 1: Choice of fixed means and general requirements of access
— Part 2: Working platforms and walkways
— Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails
— Part 4: Fixed ladders
An additional part, dealing with mobile machinery, is under preparation.
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
ISO 14122-1:2016(E)
Introduction
This International Standard is a type-B standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This International Standard is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups

representing the market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium, and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance, etc.);

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of this International

Standard by the above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium, and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium, and large enterprises);

— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this International Standard.

In addition, this International Standard is intended for standardization bodies elaborating type-C

standards.

The requirements of this International Standard can be supplemented or modified by a type-C standard.

For machines which are covered by the scope of a type-C standard, and which have been designed and

built according to the requirements of that standard, the requirements of that type-C standard take

precedence.

The purpose of this International Standard is to define the general requirements for safe access to

machines. This part of ISO 14122 gives guidance about the correct choice of access means when the

necessary access to the machine is not possible directly from the ground level or from a floor or

platform.

Annex A is informative and contains “Examples of the possible changes in the machine or system to

make a better access possible”.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
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SIST EN ISO 14122-1:2016
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14122-1:2016(E)
Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to
...

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