Fire resistance tests for loadbearing elements - Part 1: Walls

This European Standard specifies a method of testing the fire resistance of loadbearing walls. It is applicable to both internal and external walls. The fire resistance of external walls can be determined under internal or external exposure conditions.
The fire resistance performance of loadbearing walls is normally evaluated without perforations such as doors, glazing or fire resistant ducts. If it can be demonstrated that the design of the opening is such that load is not transmitted to the perforation, then the perforation need not be tested in the loaded condition. If perforations are to be included, the effects of these will need to be separately established.
This test method is not applicable to non-separating loadbearing walls which, in short widths, can be tested as columns to EN 1365-4.
This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1:1999.

Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen für tragende Bauteile - Teil 1: Wände

Diese Europäische Norm legt ein Verfahren zur Prüfung des Feuerwiderstandes von tragenden Wänden fest. Sie gilt sowohl für Innen- als auch für Außenwände. Der Feuerwiderstand von Außenwänden kann bei Beflammung von innen oder außen ermittelt werden.
Die Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit von tragenden Wänden wird üblicherweise ohne Durchbrüche wie z. B. Türen, Verglasungen oder feuerwiderstandfähige Kanäle beurteilt. Sofern nachgewiesen werden kann, dass die Öffnung derart gestaltet ist, dass die Last nicht auf den Durchbruch übertragen wird, braucht dieser nicht im belasteten Zustand geprüft zu werden. Sofern die Wände Durchbrüche enthalten sollen, ist es erforderlich, deren Wirkung getrennt zu ermitteln.
Dieses Prüfverfahren gilt nicht für nicht raumabschließende tragende Wände, die bei kleinen Breiten wie Stützen nach EN 1365-4 geprüft werden können.
Diese Europäische Norm wird in Verbindung mit EN 1363 1:1999 angewendet.

Essais de résistance au feu des éléments porteurs - Partie 1: Murs

La présente Norme européenne prescrit une méthode de détermination de la résistance au feu des murs porteurs. Elle est applicable aux murs intérieurs et extérieurs. La résistance au feu des murs extérieurs peut être déterminée dans des conditions d’exposition à un feu intérieur ou extérieur.
Normalement, les performances de résistance au feu des murs porteurs sont évaluées en l'absence de baies ménagées pour des portes, des vitrages ou des gaines résistant au feu. S’il peut être démontré que la conception de l’ouverture est telle que cette charge n’est pas transmise à l'équipement situé dans la baie, il est inutile de soumettre cet équipement à un essai sous charge. Si des ouvertures doivent être incluses, il faudra déterminer leurs effets séparément.
La présente méthode d’essai n’est pas applicable aux murs porteurs n'assurant pas une séparation qui, en faibles largeurs, peuvent être soumis aux essais comme des poteaux suivant l’EN 1365-4.
La présente norme européenne est utilisée conjointement avec l’EN 1363-1:1999.

Preskusi požarne odpornosti nosilnih elementov - 1. del: Stene

Ta evropski standard določa preskusno metodo za ugotavljanje požarne odpornosti nosilnih zidov. Uporablja se za notranje in zunanje zidove. Požarno odpornost zunanjih zidov je mogoče določiti pod notranjimi in zunanjimi pogoji izpostavljenosti. Požarna odpornost nosilnih zidov se običajno določi brez perforacij, kot so vrata, steklo ali kanali, odporni proti ognju. Če je mogoče dokazati, da se zaradi oblike odprtine obremenitev ne prenaša na perforacijo, perforacije ni treba preskušati v obremenjenem stanju. Če naj se perforacije vključijo, je treba učinke nanje ugotavljati ločeno. Ta preskusna metoda se ne uporablja za nosilne zidove, ki ne ločujejo prostorov, saj je te mogoče, če so kratki, preskusiti kot stebre v skladu s standardom EN 1365-4. Ta evropski standard se uporablja v povezavi s standardom EN 1363-1:1999.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Oct-2012
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
04-Jun-2018
Completion Date
22-Nov-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Preskusi požarne odpornosti nosilnih elementov - 1. del: SteneFeuerwiderstandsprüfungen für tragende Bauteile - Teil 1: WändeEssais de résistance au feu des éléments porteurs - Partie 1 : MursFire resistance tests for loadbearing elements - Part 1: Walls91.060.10Stene. Predelne stene. FasadeWalls. Partitions. Facades13.220.50Požarna odpornost gradbenih materialov in elementovFire-resistance of building materials and elementsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1365-1:2012SIST EN 1365-1:2013en,fr,de01-marec-2013SIST EN 1365-1:2013SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1365-1:19991DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1365-1:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1365-1
October 2012 ICS 13.220.50; 91.060.10 Supersedes EN 1365-1:1999English Version
Fire resistance tests for loadbearing elements - Part 1: Walls
Essais de résistance au feu des éléments porteurs - Partie 1: Murs

Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen für tragende Bauteile - Teil 1: Wände This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 July 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1365-1:2012: ESIST EN 1365-1:2013

EN 1365-1:2012 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................41 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................52 Normative references ............................................................................................................................53 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................54 Test equipment ......................................................................................................................................64.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................64.2 Test frame ...............................................................................................................................................64.3 Loading equipment ................................................................................................................................65 Test conditions ......................................................................................................................................65.1 Furnace atmosphere .............................................................................................................................65.2 Loading and restraint ............................................................................................................................66 Test specimen ........................................................................................................................................66.1 Size ..........................................................................................................................................................66.2 Number ...................................................................................................................................................76.3 Design .....................................................................................................................................................76.4 Construction ...........................................................................................................................................76.5 Verification .............................................................................................................................................77 Installation of test specimen ................................................................................................................77.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................77.2 Supporting construction .......................................................................................................................77.3 Loading and restraint of the test specimen ........................................................................................88 Conditioning ...........................................................................................................................................89 Application of instrumentation .............................................................................................................89.1 Thermocouples ......................................................................................................................................89.1.1 Furnace thermocouples (plate thermometers) ...................................................................................89.1.2 Unexposed face thermocouples ..........................................................................................................89.2 Pressure ..................................................................................................................................................99.3 Deflection ................................................................................................................................................99.3.1 Vertical ....................................................................................................................................................99.3.2 Horizontal ...............................................................................................................................................99.4 Radiation .................................................................................................................................................99.5 Impact .....................................................................................................................................................910 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 1010.1 Application of load.............................................................................................................................. 1010.2 Fire test ................................................................................................................................................ 1011 Performance criteria ........................................................................................................................... 1011.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 1011.2 Loadbearing capacity ......................................................................................................................... 1012 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 1013 Field of direct application of test results ......................................................................................... 10Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 24 SIST EN 1365-1:2013

EN 1365-1:2012 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 1365-1:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 127 “Fire safety in buildings”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by April 2013. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1365-1:1999. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below: a) the introduction of mechanical loading into the test specimen; b) changes as a consequence of the modifications in EN 1363-1. EN 1365, Fire resistance tests for loadbearing elements, consists of the following parts:  Part 1: Walls;  Part 2: Floors and roofs;  Part 3: Beams;  Part 4: Columns;  Part 5: Balconies and walkways;  Part 6: Stairs. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 1365-1:2013

EN 1365-1:2012 (E) 4 Introduction The purpose of this test is to measure the ability of a representative specimen of a loadbearing wall to resist the spread of fire from one side to another and to maintain its loadbearing capacity. It is applicable to internal and external walls.

Caution The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this fire resistance test is drawn to the fact that fire testing may be hazardous and that there is a possibility that toxic and/or harmful smoke and gases may be evolved during the test. Mechanical and operational hazards may also arise during the construction of the test elements or structures, their testing and disposal of test residues. An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health should be made and safety precautions should be identified and provided. Written safety instructions should be issued. Appropriate training should be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel should ensure that they follow written safety instructions at all times. SIST EN 1365-1:2013

EN 1365-1:2012 (E) 5 1 Scope

This European Standard specifies a method of testing the fire resistance of loadbearing walls. It is applicable to both internal and external walls. The fire resistance of external walls can be determined under internal or external exposure conditions.

The fire resistance performance of loadbearing walls is normally evaluated without perforations such as doors, glazing or fire resistant ducts. If it can be demonstrated that the design of the opening is such that load is not transmitted to the perforation, then the perforation need not be tested in the loaded condition. If perforations are to be included, the effects of these will need to be separately established. This test method is not applicable to non-separating loadbearing walls which, in short widths, can be tested as columns to EN 1365-4. This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1:1999. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1363-1:1999, Fire resistance tests  Part 1: General requirements EN 1363-2, Fire resistance tests  Part 2: Alternative and additional procedures EN ISO 13943:2010, Fire safety  Vocabulary (ISO 13943:2008) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1363-1:1999 and EN ISO 13943:2010 together with the following apply. 3.1 loadbearing wall wall designed to support an applied load 3.2 internal wall wall which provides fire separation and which may be exposed separately to a fire from either side 3.3 external wall wall forming the external envelope of a building which may be exposed separately to an internal or an external fire 3.4 insulated wall wall, which satisfies both the integrity and insulation criteria for the anticipated fire resistance period 3.5 uninsulated wall wall which satisfies the integrity and, where required, the radiation criteria for the anticipated fire resistance period, but which is not intended to provide insulation

Note 1 to entry:

Such a loadbearing wall may consist entirely of uninsulated fire resistant panels SIST EN 1365-1:2013

EN 1365-1:2012 (E) 6 3.6 plinth form of construction that reduces the height of the opening by raising the support base to accommodate the test specimen 3.7 separating wall wall provided within a building or between adjoining buildings to prevent the transfer of fire from one side to the other 4 Test equipment 4.1 General In addition to the test equipment specified in EN 1363-1:1999, and if applicable EN 1363-2, the following is required. 4.2 Test frame A test frame designed to accommodate the test specimen and apply the required test load. Examples of test frames which may be used for this purpose are shown in Figures 1 and 2. 4.3 Loading equipment The load to the test specimen may be applied by means of loading jacks located either at the top or the bottom of the frame.

Where the loading is applied by a rigid beam, it shall be of sufficient stiffness to ensure uniform vertical deflection along the test specimen. Where the load is applied individually to studs within the wall the loading system shall allow for maintenance of constant load at each loading point. 5 Test conditions 5.1 Furnace atmosphere The heating and pressure conditions and the furnace atmosphere sh

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