Geographic information - Geography Markup Language (GML) - Part 2: Extended schemas and encoding rules (ISO 19136-2:2015)

The Geography Markup Language (GML) is an XML encoding in compliance with ISO 19118 for the transport and storage of geographic information modelled in accordance with the conceptual modelling framework used in the ISO 19100‑ series of International Standards and including both the spatial and non-spatial properties of geographic features.
ISO 19136-2:2015 defines the XML Schema syntax, mechanisms and conventions that:
? provide an open, vendor-neutral framework for the description of geospatial application schemas for the transport and storage of geographic information in XML;
? allow profiles that support proper subsets of GML framework descriptive capabilities;
? support the description of geospatial application schemas for specialized domains and information communities;
? enable the creation and maintenance of linked geographic application schemas and datasets;
? support the storage and transport of application schemas and datasets;
? increase the ability of organizations to share geographic application schemas and the information they describe.
Implementers may decide to store geographic application schemas and information in GML, or they may decide to convert from some other storage format on demand and use GML only for schema and data transport.
ISO 19136-2:2015 builds on ISO 19136:2007 (GML 3.2), and extends it with additional schema components and requirements.
NOTE If an ISO 19109 conformant application schema described in UML is used as the basis for the storage and transportation of geographic information, this part of ISO 19136 provides normative rules for the mapping of such an application schema to a GML application schema in XML Schema and, as such, to an XML encoding for data with a logical structure in accordance with the ISO 19109 conformant application schema.

Geoinformation - Geography Markup Language (GML) - Teil 2: Erweitertes Schema und Kodierregeln

Information géographique - Langage de balisage en géographie (GML) - Partie 2: Schémas étendus et règles d'encodage (ISO 19136-2:2015)

Le langage GML (Geography Markup Language, Langage de balisage en géographie) est un codage XML conforme à l'ISO 19118 pour le transport et le stockage des informations géographiques modélisées conformément au cadre de modélisation conceptuelle utilisé dans la série de Normes internationales ISO 19100, et comprenant les propriétés spatiales et non spatiales des entités géographiques.
La présente partie de l'ISO 19136 définit la syntaxe, les mécanismes et les conventions du schéma XML qui:
— offrent un cadre ouvert indépendant du fournisseur pour la description des schémas d'application géospatiale pour le transport et le stockage des informations géographiques en langage XML;
— autorisent les profils prenant en charge les sous-ensembles corrects de possibilités descriptives du cadre GML;
— prennent en charge la description des schémas d'application géospatiale pour les domaines et communautés d'informations spécialisés;
— permettent de créer et d'entretenir des schémas d'application géographique associés et des ensembles de données;
— prennent en charge le stockage et le transport des schémas d'application et des ensembles de données;
— augmentent les possibilités d'organisation pour partager des schémas d'application géographique et les informations qu'ils décrivent.
Les implémenteurs peuvent choisir de stocker les schémas d'application géographique et les informations en GML, ou de les convertir à la demande à partir d'un autre format de stockage et d'utiliser GML uniquement pour le schéma et le transport des données.
La présente partie de l'ISO 19136 s'appuie sur l'ISO 19136:2007 (GML 3.2) et la complète avec des composants de schéma et des exigences supplémentaires.
NOTE Si un schéma d'application conforme à l'ISO 19109 décrit en langage UML est utilisé comme base du stockage et du transport des informations géographiques, la présente partie de l'ISO 19136 donne les règles normatives de mise en correspondance de ce type de schéma d'application avec le schéma d'application GML en langage XML et, en tant que tel, avec le codage XML pour les données dotées d'une structure logique conformément au schéma d'application conforme à l'ISO 19109.

Geografske informacije - Jezik za označevanje geografskih podatkov (GML) - 2. del: Razširjene sheme in pravila kodiranja (ISO 19136-2:2015)

Jezik za označevanje geografskih podatkov (GML) je koda XML v skladu s standardom ISO 19118 za transport in hrambo geografskih informacij, modeliranih v skladu z ogrodjem za konceptualno modeliranje, uporabljenim v skupini mednarodnih standardov ISO 19100, ki vključuje tako prostorske kot neprostorske lastnosti geografskih pojmov.
Standard ISO 19136-2:2015 določa skladnjo, mehanizme in konvencije za shemo XML, ki:
zagotavljajo odprto, prodajno-nevtralno ogrodje za opis geoprostorskih aplikacijskih shem za transport in hrambo geografskih informacij v shemi XML;
omogočajo profile, ki podpirajo opisovalne zmožnosti podnaborov ogrodja GML;
podpirajo opis geoprostorskih aplikacijskih shem za posebne domene in podatkovne skupnosti;
omogočajo izdelavo in ohranjanje povezanih geografskih aplikacijskih shem ter naborov podatkov;
podpirajo hrambo in transport aplikacijskih shem ter naborov podatkov;
povečujejo zmožnost organizacij za skupno rabo geografskih aplikacijskih shem in informacij, ki jih opisujejo.
Izvajalci se lahko odločijo in hranijo geografske aplikacijske sheme in podatke v shemi GML ali pa jih pretvorijo iz drugih formatov za shranjevanje ter uporabijo GML samo za sheme in transport podatkov.
Standard ISO 19136-2:2015 temelji na standardu ISO 19136:2007 (GML 3.2) ter ga dopolnjuje z dodatnimi shematskimi komponentami in zahtevami.
OPOMBA: Če je aplikacijska shema v skladu s standardom ISO 19109, opisana v obliki UML, uporabljena kot osnova za hrambo in transport geografskih informacij, ta del standarda ISO 19136 podaja normativna pravila za preslikavo takšnih aplikacijskih shem v aplikacijske sheme GML v shemi XML in kot take v kode XML za podatke z logično strukturo skladno z aplikacijskimi shemami v skladu s standardom ISO 19109.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Jan-2017
Publication Date
22-Oct-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
04-Oct-2018
Due Date
09-Dec-2018
Completion Date
23-Oct-2018

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
English language
89 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
01-november-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 19136:2009
*HRJUDIVNHLQIRUPDFLMH-H]LN]DR]QDþHYDQMHJHRJUDIVNLKSRGDWNRY *0/ 
GHO5D]ãLUMHQHVKHPHLQSUDYLODNRGLUDQMD ,62
Geographic information - Geography Markup Language (GML) - Part 2: Extended
schemas and encoding rules (ISO 19136-2:2015)
Information géographique - Langage de balisage en géographie (GML) - Partie 2:
Schémas étendus et règles d'encodage (ISO 19136-2:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19136-2:2018
ICS:
07.040 Astronomija. Geodezija. Astronomy. Geodesy.
Geografija Geography
35.060 Jeziki, ki se uporabljajo v Languages used in
informacijski tehniki in information technology
tehnologiji
35.240.70 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in science
znanosti
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
EN ISO 19136-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 35.240.70
English Version
Geographic information - Geography Markup Language
(GML) - Part 2: Extended schemas and encoding rules (ISO
19136-2:2015)

Information géographique - Langage de balisage en Geoinformation - Geography Markup Language (GML) -

géographie (GML) - Partie 2: Schémas étendus et règles Teil 2: Erweitertes Schema und Kodierregeln

d'encodage (ISO 19136-2:2015)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 March 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19136-2:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
EN ISO 19136-2:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
EN ISO 19136-2:2018 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 19136-2:2015 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211 "Geographic

information/Geomatics” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken

over as EN ISO 19136-2:2018 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 287 “Geographic Information” the

secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2019, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 19136:2009.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19136-2:2015 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19136-2:2018 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19136-2
First edition
2015-08-01
Geographic information — Geography
Markup Language (GML) —
Part 2:
Extended schemas and encoding rules
Information géographique — Langage de balisage en géographie
(GML) —
Partie 2: Schémas étendus et règles d’encodage
Reference number
ISO 19136-2:2015(E)
ISO 2015
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
ISO 19136-2:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
ISO 19136-2:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

3 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms ....................................................................................................... 2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Symbols and abbreviated terms............................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Conventions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 MIME media types ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 XML namespaces ................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Deprecated parts of previous versions of GML ........................................................................................................... 4

6 Additional base types ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1 Target namespace ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

6.2 Localisable strings ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.1 LanguageStringType ..................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2.2 Additional types based on LanguageStringType .................................................................................. 5

6.3 TimePositionUnion ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

6.4 Requirements class ............................................................................................................................................................................. 7

6.5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

7 Compact Encodings of Commonly Used GML Geometries .......................................................................................... 8

7.1 Target namespace ................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.2 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.3 SimplePolygon ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.4 SimpleRectangle .................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.5 SimpleTriangle .....................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.6 SimpleArcString ..................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.7 SimpleArc ..................................................................................................................................................................................................11

7.8 SimpleArcByCenterPoint .............................................................................................................................................................11

7.9 SimpleArcStringByBulge .............................................................................................................................................................12

7.10 SimpleArcByBulge .............................................................................................................................................................................12

7.11 SimpleCircle ............................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.12 SimpleCircleByCenterPoint .......................................................................................................................................................13

7.13 SimpleMultiPoint ...............................................................................................................................................................................14

7.14 MultiPointPropertyType ..............................................................................................................................................................14

7.15 Requirements class ..........................................................................................................................................................................14

7.16 Conformance ..........................................................................................................................................................................................14

8 Triangulated Irregular Networks.....................................................................................................................................................15

8.1 Target namespace ..............................................................................................................................................................................15

8.2 Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................................................................15

8.3 TriangulatedSurface ........................................................................................................................................................................15

8.4 SimpleTrianglePatch .......................................................................................................................................................................15

8.5 TIN ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.6 TINElement .............................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.7 TINElementPropertyType ..........................................................................................................................................................17

8.8 TINElementTypeType ....................................................................................................................................................................17

8.9 Requirements class ..........................................................................................................................................................................19

8.10 Conformance ..........................................................................................................................................................................................20

9 Linear Referencing ..........................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1 Target namespaces ...........................................................................................................................................................................20

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
ISO 19136-2:2015(E)

9.2 Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.3 Basic Linear Referencing .............................................................................................................................................................21

9.3.1 Target namespace ........................................................................................................................................................21

9.3.2 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................21

9.3.3 PositionExpression .....................................................................................................................................................21

9.3.4 PositionExpressionPropertyType ..................................................................................................................21

9.3.5 LinearElement ...................................................................... ...........................................................................................22

9.3.6 LinearElementPropertyType .............................................................................................................................23

9.3.7 StartValueType ...............................................................................................................................................................23

9.3.8 LinearReferencingMethod ....................................................................................................................................23

9.3.9 LinearReferencingMethodPropertyType .................................................................................................24

9.3.10 DistanceExpressionType .......................................................................................................................................24

9.3.11 DistanceExpressionPropertyType .................................................................................................................25

9.3.12 AlongReferent ..................................................................................................................................................................25

9.3.13 AlongReferentPropertyType ..............................................................................................................................25

9.3.14 Referent ................................................................................................................................................................................26

9.3.15 ReferentPropertyType .............................................................................................................................................27

9.3.16 MeasureType ....................................................................................................................................................................27

9.3.17 LRMNameType ...............................................................................................................................................................27

9.3.18 LRMTypeType .................................................................................................................................................................31

9.3.19 ReferentTypeType .......................................................................................................................................................32

9.3.20 LinearSRS ............................................................................................................................................................................33

9.3.21 LinearSRSPropertyType .........................................................................................................................................33

9.4 Linear Referencing Towards Referent .............................................................................................................................34

9.4.1 Target namespace ........................................................................................................................................................34

9.4.2 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................34

9.4.3 DualAlongReferent ......................................................................................................................................................34

9.4.4 DualAlongReferentPropertyType ...................................................................................................................34

9.5 Linear Referencing Offset ...........................................................................................................................................................35

9.5.1 Target namespace ........................................................................................................................................................35

9.5.2 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................35

9.5.3 LRMWithOffset ...............................................................................................................................................................35

9.5.4 LRMWithOffsetPropertyType ............................................................................................................................35

9.5.5 LateralOffsetDistanceExpressionType .......................................................................................................36

9.5.6 LateralOffsetExpressionType .............................................................................................................................36

9.5.7 VerticalOffsetExpressionType ...........................................................................................................................37

9.5.8 LateralOffsetDirectionType .................................................................................................................................38

9.5.9 VerticalOffsetDirectionType ................................................................................................................................39

9.5.10 LateralOffsetLinearSRS ...........................................................................................................................................39

9.5.11 LateralOffsetLinearSRSPropertyType ........................................................................................................40

9.6 Linear Referencing Offset Vectors .......................................................................................................................................41

9.6.1 Target namespace ........................................................................................................................................................41

9.6.2 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................41

9.6.3 VectorOffsetDistanceExpressionType ........................................................................................................41

9.6.4 VectorOffsetExpressionType ..............................................................................................................................41

9.6.5 VectorOffsetLinearSRS .............................................................................................................................................42

9.6.6 VectorOffsetLinearSRSPropertyType ..........................................................................................................45

9.7 Requirements classes .....................................................................................................................................................................45

9.8 Conformance ..........................................................................................................................................................................................47

10 ReferenceableGrid ...........................................................................................................................................................................................48

10.1 Target namespace ..............................................................................................................................................................................48

10.2 Clarifications to ISO 19123:2005 .........................................................................................................................................48

10.3 AbstractReferenceableGrid .......................................................................................................................................................49

10.4 ReferenceableGridByArray ........................................................................................................................................................50

10.5 ReferenceableGridByVectorsType, ReferenceableGridByVectors............................................................51

10.6 ReferenceableGridByTransformation ..............................................................................................................................57

10.7 gridCRS .......................................................................................................................................................................................................58

10.8 Coverages using ReferenceableGrid ..................................................................................................................................58

iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19136-2:2018
ISO 19136-2:2015(E)

10.9 Requirements classes .....................................................................................................................................................................58

10.10 Conformance ..........................................................................................................................................................................................59

11 Code lists, dictionaries and definitions......................................................................................................................................60

11.1 Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................................60

11.2 Requirements class ..........................................................................................................................................................................61

11.3 Conformance ..........................................................................................................................................................................................62

12 Encoding rule ........................................................................................................................................................................................................62

12.1 Target namespace ..............................................................................................................................................................................62

12.2 Improved conversion rule ..........................................................................................................................................................62

12.2.1 Conversion rule changes ........................................................................................................................................62

12.2.2 Requirements class .....................................................................................................................................................64

12.2.3 Conformance ....................................................................................................................................................................65

12.3 Association class conversion rule ........................................................................................................................................67

12.3.1 Overview ..............................................................................................................................................................................67

12.3.2 Requirements class .....................................................................................................................................................68

12.3.3 Conformance ..................................................................................................................

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.