Mechanical products - Conditions to set up environmental communication models by recognizing sectorial particularities

This document provides guidance on how to apply existing communication models regarding environmental concerns to mechanical products.
Carrying out communication models for environmental performances of mechanical products can be relevant for several entities, e.g. single companies, enterprises, collective bodies (trade associations, standardization committees, etc.) and others.
On the one hand side mechanical products represent a large variety of nonuniform items. They can be characterized by several properties distinguishing them from each other. On the other hand side various generic standards/standard-series are existent addressing on how to communicate environmental issues.
This document provides a consistent approach on how to match a particular mechanical product with an appropriate generic standard.
In order to do so, this document contains criteria to cluster the great variety of mechanical products into categories. Based on this categorization existing standards concerning environmental performance communication are evaluated with regards to their suitability.

Mechanische Produkte - Leitfaden für die Auswahl von Modellen der Umweltkommunikation

Produits mécaniques - Lignes directrices pour la sélection de modèles de communication environnementaux par la reconnaissance des particularités sectorielles

Proizvodi strojne in kovinskopredelovalne industrije - Pogoji za določitev okoljskih komunikacijskih modelov ob upoštevanju področnih posebnosti

Izvajanje komunikacijskih modelov glede okoljske zmogljivosti mehanskih izdelkov je lahko pomembno za številne osebe, npr. samostojna podjetja, družbe, kolektivna telesa (trgovska združenja, odbori za standardizacijo itd.) in druge.
Po eni strani stranski mehanski izdelki niso poenoteni in se med seboj močno razlikujejo po številnih lastnostih. Po drugi strani obstajajo različni splošni standardi/skupine standardov, ki urejajo način obravnave okoljskih vprašanj.
Ta dokument zagotavlja dosledni pristop za povezovanje določenega mehanskega izdelka z ustreznim splošnim standardom.
V ta namen vsebuje ta dokument kriterije za združevanje različnih mehanskih izdelkov v kategorije. Na podlagi te kategorizacije se obstoječi standardi o komunikacijskih modelih glede okoljske zmogljivosti ocenjujejo na podlagi njihove ustreznosti.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
06-Jul-2016
Publication Date
12-Dec-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Dec-2016
Due Date
09-Feb-2017
Completion Date
13-Dec-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 17004:2017
01-januar-2017

3URL]YRGLVWURMQHLQNRYLQVNRSUHGHORYDOQHLQGXVWULMH3RJRML]DGRORþLWHYRNROMVNLK

NRPXQLNDFLMVNLKPRGHORYREXSRãWHYDQMXSRGURþQLKSRVHEQRVWL
Mechanical products - Conditions to set up environmental communication models by
recognizing sectorial particularities
Mechanische Produkte - Leitfaden für die Auswahl von Modellen der
Umweltkommunikation

Produits mécaniques - Lignes directrices pour la sélection de modèles de communication

environnementaux par la reconnaissance des particularités sectorielles
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 17004:2016
ICS:
13.020.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi z Other standards related to
varstvom okolja environmental protection
21.020 =QDþLOQRVWLLQQDþUWRYDQMH Characteristics and design of
VWURMHYDSDUDWRYRSUHPH machines, apparatus,
equipment
SIST-TP CEN/TR 17004:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN/TR 17004:2017
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 17004:2017
CEN/TR 17004
TECHNICAL REPORT
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
October 2016
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
ICS 13.020.10
English Version
Mechanical products - Conditions to set up environmental
communication models by recognizing sectorial
particularities

Produits mécaniques - Lignes directrices pour la Mechanische Produkte - Leitfaden für die Auswahl von

sélection de modèles de communication Modellen der Umweltkommunikation
environnementaux par la reconnaissance des
particularités sectorielles

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 19 August 2016. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 406.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 17004:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Principal considerations before applying a type of communication ........................................... 6

5 Choice of a type of communication according to categories of mechanical products ............ 7

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5.2 Characteristics to identify the principal category of a mechanical product .............................. 7

5.2.1 What are the economic issues/acquisition costs? ............................................................................... 7

5.2.2 What is the place of use? ............................................................................................................................... 7

5.2.3 What are the intended application and the customer maturity? .................................................. 7

5.2.4 What is the intended workload? ................................................................................................................ 7

5.2.5 What is the intended lifespan? ................................................................................................................... 7

5.2.6 What is the number of units to be produced? ....................................................................................... 7

5.2.7 What is the level of complexity of the mechanical product? ........................................................... 7

5.2.8 Does the operator need special knowledge to use the mechanical product? ........................... 8

5.3 Classification obtained .................................................................................................................................. 8

5.4 Type of communication ................................................................................................................................ 8

5.5 Choice of communication type ................................................................................................................ 11

6 Communication ............................................................................................................................................. 12

6.1 Type II self-declared claim according to EN ISO 14021 .................................................................. 12

6.2 Type I declaration according to EN ISO 14024 .................................................................................. 13

6.3 Type III declaration according to EN ISO 14025 ............................................................................... 13

Annex A (informative) Already existing initiatives in the mechanical sector ..................................... 14

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 16

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European foreword

This document (CEN/TR 17004:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 406

“Mechanical products - Ecodesign methodology”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

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Introduction

The European mechanical sector can find opportunities in producing rules for environmental product

declaration from such perspectives as business opportunities, financial perspectives, sectorial

consistency and public image.

It allows companies in the mechanical field to address current and anticipate future demands coming

from clients or markets on the environmental efficiency of their products. In addition, they have

sometimes to meet requirements of regulations in force or to come, and to measure products

improvements in an eco-innovation project to enhance the attractiveness of the products.

Any communication on environmental criteria will have to be decided for each category of products by

the corresponding Technical Committee.

Declaration of environmental performance of products can present several advantages:

— to promote existing eco-innovation efforts to clients and market;
— to create the market for green mechanical products;
— to ensure a fair competition on the market.
This document is aimed at:
— optimizing rules to reduce the cost of environmental communication;
— sharing the efforts needed to develop declaration rules;
— reducing the costs for information exchange within the supply chain.

As most of companies in the mechanical field sell products across Europe and around the world, it is

impossible to evaluate and communicate environmental characteristics, taking into account all specific

local rules and methodologies. That is why companies expect simple, pragmatic and unified rules.

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1 Scope

This Technical Report provides guidance on how to apply existing communication models regarding

environmental concerns to mechanical products.

Carrying out communication models for environmental performances of mechanical products can be

relevant for several entities, e.g. single companies, enterprises, collective bodies (trade associations,

standardization committees, etc.) and others.

On the one hand side, mechanical products represent a large variety of non-uniform items. They can be

characterized by several properties distinguishing them from each other. On the other hand side,

various generic standards/standard-series are existent addressing on how to communicate

environmental issues.

This Technical Report provides a consistent approach on how to match a particular mechanical product

with an appropriate generic standard.

In order to do so, this Technical Report contains criteria to cluster the great variety of mechanical

products into categories. Based on this categorization, existing standards concerning environmental

performance communication are evaluated with regards to their suitability.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 14050, Environmental management - Vocabulary (ISO 14050)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions from EN ISO 14050 and the following

apply
3.1
mechanical product

product manufactured by enterprises from mechanical engineering and metalworking industry, such as

capital goods (machinery, production systems, components), tools, household goods, optical parts,

measuring instruments
[SOURCE: CEN/TS 16524:2013, 2.1]
3.2
consumer goods

goods that satisfy personal needs rather than those required for the production of other goods or

services
3.3
capital goods

goods that are themselves utilized in the production of other goods rather than being sold to consumers

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4 Principal considerations before applying a type of communication

The following should be considered before initiating reflexions on environmental communication

(see Figure 1):

— first check whether regulation at European or at national levels applies concerning environmental

issues for the concerned product; if this situation applies, the declaration requested by this

regulation shall be applied;

— if not, secondly search for standards covering the concerned product, if such standards exist, it is

recommended to follow the communication proposed;

— if not, thirdly search for sectorial initiatives covering the concerned product (e.g initiatives from

manufacturers associations): if such initiatives exist, it is recommended to follow the

communication proposed;

— if this is not the case, it is recommended to use the following guidelines (see Clauses 4 and 5): after

having identified the category of the mechanical product, a suitable type of communication is

obtained (Clause 4) and Clause 5 provides the proper tools for communication.
Figure 1 — Principal considerations before applying a type of communication
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5 Choice of a type of communication according to categories of mechanical
products
5.1 General

The definition of a mechanical product in 3.1 is very generic to cover a wide range of different

mechanical products or product groups. A classification can help to provide better insights. Mechanical

products can be divided in two principal categories: either consumer goods or capital goods taking into

account the answers to the questions provided in 5.2.

NOTE In general, capital goods are often custom-made and tailored to the client's needs, being a long-term

investment for the industrial clients and having typically a long lifetime. On the other side, consumer goods are

mainly stand-alone, purpose made, mass produced goods in terms of their complexity, application range and

intended use, functionality and customer base. It does not mean that a capital good is not produced in series

(e.g. catalogue products) for use by industrial clients.
5.2 Characteristics to identify the principal category of a mechanical product
5.2.1 What are the economic issues/acquisition costs?

Acquisition costs of mechanical products can vary from few euros for some consumer goods to several

million euros for some capital goods such as production systems.
5.2.2 What is the place of use?

Capital goods are mainly used in factories, plants, businesses or in general by professionals while

consumer goods are used by consumers at their private premises.
5.2.3 What are the intended application and the customer maturity?

Capital goods are intended to produce other parts and components (not ready-for-use products) which

are further processed in a business value chain or in final products intended for sale to costumers. The

use of capital goods requires special knowledge and/or training. Consumer goods are ready-for-use

products which are intended to provide an immediate service (Business to Consumer (B2C)). The use of

consumer goods does not require special knowledge and/or training.
5.2.4 What is the intended workload?

While capital goods, e.g. production systems are intended to be operated with high load factor, often

24/7, consumer goods are not intended to be used so intensively.
5.2.5 What is the intended lifespan?

In general capital goods are built to be in operation for many years whereas consumer goods are more

often designed for a lifespans of few years.
5.2.6 What is the number of units to be produced?

Capital goods are produced in small numbers or are often custom made. Consumer goods are produced

in large batch sizes.
5.2.7 What is the level of complexity of the mechanical product?

Consumer goods are often composed of few parts compared to capital goods which may be an assembly

of a large variety of different components being themselves complex systems.
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5.2.8 Does the operator need special knowledge to use the mechanical product?

Consumer goods are designed to be operated by everyone. Whereas, the operation of capital goods

requires special training and know how.
5.3 Classification obtained

Answering the questions listed in 5.2 allows classifying products/product groups as capital good or as

consumer good.

When answering the questions for a certain product group leads to the result that all separate product

covered by this group can be assigned to the same category, no further investigation is necessary.

In some cases, a product group covers products that may have characteristics of both consumer and

capital goods. In these cases, the questions listed in 5.2 shall be answered for each produc

...

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