Writing and marking instruments - Specification for caps to reduce the risk of asphyxiation

This International Standard specifies requirements to reduce the risk of asphyxiation from caps
for writing and marking instruments. It relates to such instruments which in normal or foreseeable
circumstances are likely to be used by children up to the age of 14 years.
This International Standard is not applicable to the following:
— writing and marking instruments which are designed or only intended for use by adults, e.g. jewellery
pens, expensive fountain pens, professional technical pens;
— transit caps for refills.

Instruments pour l'écriture et le marquage - Spécifications pour les capuchons afin de réduire le risque d'asphyxie

Pisala in označevalna sredstva - Specifikacija zaščitnih pokrovčkov za zmanjšanje tveganja zadušitve

Ta mednarodni standard določa zahteve za zmanjšanje tveganja zadušitve z zaščitnimi pokrovčki
za pisala in označevalna sredstva. Nanaša se na taka pisala in sredstva, ki jih bodo v običajnih ali predvidljivih okoliščinah uporabljali otroci do 14 leta starosti.
Ta mednarodni standard se ne uporablja za:
– pisala in označevalna sredstva, ki so oblikovana za odrasle ali so namenjena le odraslim, npr. prestižna pisala, draga nalivna peresa, strokovni tehnični svinčniki;
– odstranljivi pokrovčki za ponovno polnjenje.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
21-Jan-2015
Withdrawal Date
20-Mar-2022
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
04-Mar-2022
Due Date
27-Mar-2022
Completion Date
21-Mar-2022

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST ISO 11540:2015
English language
12 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day
Standard
ISO 11540:2014 - Writing and marking instruments -- Specification for caps to reduce the risk of asphyxiation
English language
7 pages
sale 15% off
Preview
sale 15% off
Preview

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ISO 11540:2015
01-marec-2015
1DGRPHãþD
SIST ISO 11540:1995

3LVDODLQR]QDþHYDOQDVUHGVWYD6SHFLILNDFLMD]DãþLWQLKSRNURYþNRY]D]PDQMãDQMH

WYHJDQMD]DGXãLWYH
Writing and marking instruments - Specification for caps to reduce the risk of
asphyxiation

Instruments pour l'écriture et le marquage - Spécifications pour les capuchons afin de

réduire le risque d'asphyxie
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO 11540:2014
ICS:
97.180 Razna oprema za dom in Miscellaneous domestic and
trgovino commercial equipment
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
SIST ISO 11540:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11540:2015
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11540:2015
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11540
Second edition
2014-03-15
Writing and marking instruments —
Specification for caps to reduce the
risk of asphyxiation
Instruments pour l’écriture et le marquage — Spécifications pour les
capuchons afin de réduire le risque d’asphyxie
Reference number
ISO 11540:2014(E)
ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11540:2015
ISO 11540:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11540:2015
ISO 11540:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Cap size .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.3 Ventilated caps air flow ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.4 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Identification ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

Annex A (normative) Test for air flow ................................................................................................................................................................. 4

Annex B (informative) Design guidance for pen caps vent area .............................................................................................. 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11540:2015
ISO 11540:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 10, Technical product documentation.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11540:1993), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST ISO 11540:2015
ISO 11540:2014(E)
Introduction

If a child inhales a pen cap it might become lodged below the larynx and block the trachea. The risk of

asphyxiation can be reduced if the pen cap is ventilated or too large to enter the airway. Children have

to be actively discouraged from sucking, chewing, or putting pen caps in their mouths. A way of avoiding

the risk of inhalation of caps of writing and marking instruments is to manufacture products without

caps whenever possible. However, if caps are essential, the provisions of ISO 11540 minimize risk by

specifying the design and performance of ventilated caps which reduce the likelihood of inhalation and

delays asphyxiation pending medical intervention.

ISO/TC 10 recognizes that while it is possible to identify the age range of the children who are most

at risk, it is not possible to identify with certainty any writing instruments with detachable caps that

would never be accessible to children and hence never pose a risk. It is, however, acknowledged that

certain products (i.e. writing and marking instruments which are designed or only intende

...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11540
Second edition
2014-03-15
Writing and marking instruments —
Specification for caps to reduce the
risk of asphyxiation
Instruments pour l’écriture et le marquage — Spécifications pour les
capuchons afin de réduire le risque d’asphyxie
Reference number
ISO 11540:2014(E)
ISO 2014
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 11540:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 11540:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Cap size .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.3 Ventilated caps air flow ................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.4 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Identification ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

Annex A (normative) Test for air flow ................................................................................................................................................................. 4

Annex B (informative) Design guidance for pen caps vent area .............................................................................................. 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 11540:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 10, Technical product documentation.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11540:1993), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 11540:2014(E)
Introduction

If a child inhales a pen cap it might become lodged below the larynx and block the trachea. The risk of

asphyxiation can be reduced if the pen cap is ventilated or too large to enter the airway. Children have

to be actively discouraged from sucking, chewing, or putting pen caps in their mouths. A way of avoiding

the risk of inhalation of caps of writing and marking instruments is to manufacture products without

caps whenever possible. However, if caps are essential, the provisions of ISO 11540 minimize risk by

specifying the design and performance of ventilated caps which reduce the likelihood of inhalation and

delays asphyxiation pending medical intervention.

ISO/TC 10 recognizes that while it is possible to identify the age range of the children who are most

at risk, it is not possible to identify with certainty any writing instruments with detachable caps that

would never be accessible to children and hence never pose a risk. It is, however, acknowledged that

certain products (i.e. writing and marking instruments which are designed or only intended for use by

adults, e.g. jewellery pens, expensive fountain pens, professional technical pens) are not intended for

use by children and such items have to be clearly labelled to that effect.
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11540:2014(E)
Writing and marking instruments — Specification for caps
to reduce the risk of asphyxiation
1 Scope
This Inter
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.