This document defines the test procedures and calculations to determine the ECO efficiency of the following catering equipment installed in an aircraft:
- Chilling equipment (with freeze function);
- Ovens (steam and convection ovens);
- Beverage makers (coffee maker, water heater).
Based on the results it will be possible to derive the energy consumption index and a performance index of the considered equipment type. The two index values represent the ECO efficiency.

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This European standard describes a test procedure to identify performance characteristics and a weight rating of convection and steam ovens used on aircraft. Furthermore it describes the calculation procedure to determine an energy consumption index and a performance index. There is no direct correlation between the Eco efficiency and cooking performance in terms of food quality and appearance. The two index values represent the Eco efficiency.

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This European standard describes a test procedure to identify performance characteristics and a weight rating of a galley chilling equipment used on aircraft. Furthermore it describes the calculation procedure to determine an energy consumption index and a performance index. Only galley chilling equipment with a freeze function will be considered. The effect of the chilling equipment on food quality is not addressed in this standard.

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This European standard describes a test procedure to identify performance characteristics and a weight rating of beverage maker products used on aircraft. Furthermore it describes the calculation procedure to determine an energy consumption index and a performance index. The effect of the beverage makers on beverage quality is not addressed in this standard.

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This document specifies a test method for the release of lead and cadmium from glass hollowware that is intended to be used in contact with food. This document is applicable to glass hollowware intended for use in the preparation, cooking, serving and storage of food and beverages, excluding glass ceramic ware and glass flatware. This document is also applicable to glass articles used for packaging in the food industry.

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This document specifies a test method for the release of lead and cadmium from ceramic ware, glass ceramic ware and glass dinnerware intended to be used in contact with food, but excluding vitreous and porcelain enamel articles (covered by ISO 4531). This document is applicable to ceramic ware, glass ceramic ware and glass dinnerware which is intended to be used for the preparation, cooking, serving and storage of food and beverages, excluding all articles used in food manufacturing industries or in which food is sold.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to determine the migration of substances from ion exchange, adsorbent or hybrid resin materials for use in contact with water intended for human consumption.
Resins comprise synthetic organic macromolecular materials.
This standard is applicable to resins of the following types:
-   ion exchange resins: used to modify the composition of water (e.g. softening by removal of calcium ions). They can be in either an anionic or cationic state;
-   adsorbent resins: used to lower the concentration of undesirable substances (usually organic pollutants) from water. They are used in a neutral state;
-   hybrid adsorbers: Organic polymer based ion exchange resin or adsorbent resin with incorporated inorganic (e.g. iron hydroxide) or second organic phase. Used to lower the concentration of undesirable substances (specific inorganic or organic pollutants) from water. They can be in either an anionic, cationic or neutral state.

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This document specifies a procedure to determine the migration of substances from ion exchange, adsorbent or hybrid resin materials for use in contact with water intended for human consumption.
Resins comprise synthetic organic macromolecular materials.
This standard is applicable to resins of the following types:
-   ion exchange resins: used to modify the composition of water (e.g. softening by removal of calcium ions). They can be in either an anionic or cationic state;
-   adsorbent resins: used to lower the concentration of undesirable substances (usually organic pollutants) from water. They are used in a neutral state;
-   hybrid adsorbers: Organic polymer based ion exchange resin or adsorbent resin with incorporated inorganic (e.g. iron hydroxide) or second organic phase. Used to lower the concentration of undesirable substances (specific inorganic or organic pollutants) from water. They can be in either an anionic, cationic or neutral state.

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This document describes procedures for the testing of dyed paper and board intended to come into contact with
foodstuffs. Some procedures depending on the foreseeable use of the material are given.
Visual evaluation against a grey scale provides grading of the bleeding.
NOTE: For samples having significant different sides, a migration can occur from one glass fibre to the other and
could lead to wrong interpretation of the fastness of one side. These samples should be checked using large
sampling procedure to prevent cross contamination of the glass fibre during the migration procedure. The
procedure is described in annexe A. If lower limit of detection is required, this procedure could also be used.

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This document describes procedures for the testing of the fastness of fluorescent whitened paper and board
intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. Some procedures depending on the foreseeable use of the material
are given.
Visual absence of the fluorescence under UV light will be evaluated.
NOTE: For samples having significant different sides, a migration can occur from one glass fibre to the other and
could lead to wrong interpretation of the fastness of one side. These samples should be checked using large
sampling procedure to prevent cross contamination of the glass fibre during the migration procedure. The
procedure is described in annexe A. If lower limit of detection is required, this procedure could also be used.

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This European Standard is one in a series of Standards for the determination of heavy metals in an aqueous extract of paper or board intended for contact with food. This European Standard specifies the test method for the determination of cadmium, lead and chromium in an aqueous extract.
It is applicable to paper and paperboard with extractable metal contents exceeding:
-   0,02 mg per kg for cadmium;
-   0,15 mg per kg for lead;
-   0,05 mg per kg for chromium.
Metal content levels below those given can be measured by this European Standard if very sensitive equipment is available and if all other laboratory conditions fulfil the requirements for trace element analysis.

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of transfer of antimicrobial constituents from paper and board materials and articles intended for food contact.
NOTE   The need of using this Standard can be specified by the legislation regarding paper and board intended to come into contact with foodstuffs.

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This document describes procedures for the testing of the fastness of fluorescent whitened paper and board intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. Some procedures depending on the foreseeable use of the material are given.
Visual absence of the glass fibre paper’s fluorescence under UV light is evaluated.
For samples having significant different sides, a migration can occur from one glass fibre to the other and could lead to wrong interpretation of the fastness of one side. It is advisable to check these samples using large sampling procedure to prevent cross contamination of the glass fibre during the migration procedure. The procedure is described in Annex A. If lower limit of detection is required, this procedure can also be used.

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This document describes procedures for the testing of dyed paper and board intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. Some procedures depending on the foreseeable use of the material are given.
Visual evaluation against a grey scale provides grading of the bleeding.
For samples having significant different sides, a migration can occur from one glass fibre to the other and could lead to wrong interpretation of the fastness of one side. It is advisable to check these samples using large sampling procedure to prevent cross contamination of the glass fibre during the migration procedure. The procedure is described in Annex A. If lower limit of detection is required, this procedure could also be used.

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This document is one in a series of Standards for the determination of heavy metals in an aqueous extract of paper or board intended for contact with food. This document specifies the test method for the determination of cadmium, lead and chromium in an aqueous extract.
It is applicable to paper and paperboard with extractable metal contents exceeding
-   0,1 mg per kg for cadmium,
-   0,6 mg per kg for lead,
-   0,25 mg per kg for chromium.
Metal content levels below those given can be measured by this document if very sensitive equipment is available and if all other laboratory conditions fulfil the requirements for trace element analysis.

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This part specifies requirements and test methods for ceramic knives

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ISO 4531 specifies a simulating method of test for determination of the release of metal-ions from enamelled ware, which are intended to come into contact with food (including drinks).
ISO 4531 also specifies permissible limits for the release of metal-ions from enamelled ware, which are intended to come into contact with food (including drinks).
ISO 4531 is applicable to enamelled ware, including tanks and vessels, which are intended to be used for the preparation, cooking, serving and storage of food.
ISO 4531 is applicable to enamelled ware including tanks and vessels which can be used for the preparation, cooking, serving and storage of food.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of transfer of antimicrobial constituents from paper and board materials and articles intended for food contact.
NOTE   The need of using this Standard may be specified by the legislation regarding paper and board intended to come into contact with foodstuffs.

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This document specifies a simulating method of test for determination of the release of metal-ions from enamelled articles, which are intended to come into contact with food.
It also specifies limits for the release of metal-ions from enamelled articles, which are intended to come into contact with food.
It is applicable to enamelled articles, including tanks and vessels, which are intended to be used for the preparation, cooking, serving and storage of food.

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This document specifies a simulating method of test for determination of the release of metal-ions from enamelled articles, which are intended to come into contact with food. It also specifies limits for the release of metal-ions from enamelled articles, which are intended to come into contact with food. It is applicable to enamelled articles, including tanks and vessels, which are intended to be used for the preparation, cooking, serving and storage of food.

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ISO 8442-9:2018 specifies material and performance requirements and test method of ceramic blades of knives intended for use in the preparation of food.

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ISO 8442-9:2018 specifies material and performance requirements and test method of ceramic blades of knives intended for use in the preparation of food.

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ISO 18188:2016 specifies the general characteristics, requirements and methods for testing of polypropylene (PP) drinking straws (herein after called PP straws). It is applicable to PP straws having an inner diameter of 3 mm to 12 mm.

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  • Standard
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This European Standard specifies a procedure for obtaining a migration water to determine odour and flavour for products made from organic materials intended to come in contact with water for human consumption (drinking water) and used in piping systems. Such products include pipes, fittings, ancillaries and coatings.
This standard is applicable to products to be used under various conditions for the transport, storage and distribution of water intended for human consumption and raw water used for the manufacture of water intended for human consumption.
This standard specifies a test method comprising of a set of procedures. The use may be dependent on the relevant national regulations and/or the system or product standards.

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This European Standard describes a method for identifying organic chemicals that are amenable to GC-MS analysis using the procedures described and which may migrate from a product into water intended for human consumption. A method of semi-quantitatively estimating the concentrations of the organic substances identified is also provided.
NOTE   The method to be used for the preparation of migration waters is specified by separate EN standards, as noted below.

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This European Standard describes a method for detecting and identifying organic chemicals that are amenable to GC-MS analysis using the procedures described and which can migrate from a product into water intended for human consumption. This European Standard does not provide all the necessary tools to completely identify all the substances that are detected. A method of semi-quantitatively estimating the concentrations of the organic substances detected is also provided, however, concentrations should only be seen as indicative.
NOTE   The method to be used for the preparation of migration waters is specified by separate EN's, as noted below.

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This European Standard specifies procedures for determining the ability of non-metallic materials to promote the growth of microorganisms.
This standard is applicable to those materials destined to be used under various conditions for the transport and storage of water intended for human consumption.
The Standard allows for the testing of a single type of material, or a product in which only one material is in contact with water. It is unsuitable for use with assembled products where more than one material is exposed to water.

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This European Standard specifies a method for determining the chlorine demand of organic materials intended for use in contact with drinking water.
This European Standard is applicable to factory made and site applied products used for the distribution, transport and storage of drinking water.
This European Standard does not cover the use of high levels of chlorine to disinfect products when they are put into service.

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EN 12873-1 specifies a procedure to determine the migration of substances from factory-made or factory-applied products for use in contact with water intended for human consumption. Materials used to make such products include plastics, rubber and glassy (porcelain/vitreous enamel) materials. This European Standard is applicable to products intended to be used under various conditions for the transport and storage of water intended for human consumption, including raw water used for the production of water intended for human consumption. It covers the extraction by water of substances from the finished products.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to determine the migration of substances from factory-made or factory-applied products for use in contact with water intended for human consumption. Materials used to make such products include plastics, rubber and glassy (porcelain/vitreous enamel) materials.
This European Standard is applicable to products intended to be used under various conditions for the transport and storage of water intended for human consumption, including raw water used for the production of water intended for human consumption. It covers the extraction by water of substances from the finished products.

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EN 16453 specifies an analytical test method for the determination of phthalates in water, solvent and modified polyphenylene oxide (MPPO) extracts of paper and board materials and articles intended for food contact using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This method is applicable to the determination of phthalates in concentration ranging from 0,002 mg/l to 5 mg/l for water and solvent extracts and 0,0005 mg/dm² to 0,25 mg/dm² for MPPO migration depending on the individual substance and the value of the blank.

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ISO 14285:2014 specifies limits for extractable chemical substances for single-use gloves made from natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or plastic materials that are intended for use in food preparation, food handling, and related application in food service industry. ISO 14285:2014 does not cover the specification for extractable biological substances and physical requirements of the gloves. It is not applicable to gloves used under extreme conditions such as those having pH less than 4,5 and/or temperature above 40 °C. It does not cover gloves being exposed to fat and oil foods.

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    18 pages
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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of phthalates in water, solvent and modified polyphenylene oxide (MPPO) extracts of paper and board materials and articles intended for food contact using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
This method is applicable to the determination of phthalates in concentration ranging from 0,002 mg/L to 5 mg/L for water and solvent extracts and 0,0005 mg/dm² to 0,25 mg/dm² for MPPO migration depending on the individual substance and the value of the blank.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to determine the release of metals from metallic materials used in construction products intended to come into contact with drinking water1). The test can be used for three purposes: a) assess a material as a reference material for a category of materials using the results of several investigations in different waters covering a broad range of water compositions; b) assess a material for approval by way of comparative testing; c) obtain data on the interaction of local water with a material.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to determine the release of metals from metallic materials used in construction products intended to come into contact with drinking water ).
The test can be used for three purposes:
a)   assess a material as a reference material for a category of materials using the results of several investigations in different waters covering a broad range of water compositions;
b)   assess a material for approval by way of comparative testing;
c)   obtain data on the interaction of local water with a material.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to evaluate the passive behaviour of stainless steels used in construction products intended to come into contact with drinking water. The passive state of stainless steels is the reason why no relevant amounts of metals are released from these materials into the drinking water. This test is used to verify whether the stainless steel under consideration is passive under conditions which can occur in drinking waters.

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This Technical Report describes a procedure, based on a diffusion model, to be applied to the estimation of specific migration of substances into drinking water from organic materials intended to come into contact with drinking water. The modelling approach is readily applicable to certain organic materials, as explained in this report. In principle, the diffusion modelling approach is applicable to other organic materials but practical difficulties, in relation to obtaining data to feed into the diffusion model, may restrict or prevent its application. Accordingly, in addition to the diffusion model, scientific estimation procedures for the required data inputs need to be considered. The approach is normally applicable to organic substances that are soluble in the material matrix. Substances applied externally to a product made of an organic material, e.g. antistatic agents, lubricants, etc. are excluded from the diffusion modelling approach, as are electrolytes, salts, oxides and metals. Only organic substances with well-defined molecular weight or mixtures with well-defined ranges of molecular weights are amenable to the diffusion modelling approach. The diffusion modelling approach is readily applicable to amenable organic materials in the form of a pipe or a sheet, where data such as material thickness is readily calculable. More complicated product shapes, such as fittings, require assumptions to be made. It may not be possible to model the effects of test waters that are chemically active, for example test waters to which chlorine has been added to simulate chlorinated drinking water. This is because substances that migrate from a material into water containing chlorine can be converted by chemical reaction into substances with different properties.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to evaluate the passive behaviour of stainless steels used in construction products intended to come into contact with drinking water.
The passive state of stainless steels is the reason why no relevant amounts of metals are released from these materials into the drinking water. This test is used to verify whether the stainless steel under consideration is passive under conditions which can occur in drinking waters.

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This European Standard describes a test method to determine the amount of lead on the surface of test specimens made from lead containing copper alloys.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to determine the release of nickel from nickel layers or a coating containing nickel on inner surfaces of products which are intended to come into contact with drinking water.

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This European Standard describes a test method to determine the amount of lead on the surface of test specimens made from lead containing copper alloys.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure to determine the release of nickel from nickel layers or a coating containing nickel on inner surfaces of products which are intended to come into contact with drinking water.

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This European Standard defines the requirements for test waters used in the dynamic test rig defined in prEN 15664-1.
This standard specifies test water(s) when the test procedure is used to:
a) assess a material for approval as a reference material for a category of materials;
b) assess a material for approval by way of comparative testing;
c) obtain data on the interaction of local water with a material.
NOTE Local waters used for test waters are not treated with corrosion inhibitors.

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This Technical Report is applicable to plastics pipes, joints and fittings to be used for the transport of water intended for human consumption and raw water used for the manufacture of water intended for human consumption.
It gives guidance on:
a)   the number of successive migration periods to be carried out;
b)   how to interpret M values calculated from successive migration periods;
c)   a method for converting M values into values that reflect field use conditions;
d)   acceptance criteria for the duplicate M values obtained by testing in accordance with EN ISO 8795.

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This European Standard defines the requirements for test waters used in the dynamic test rig defined in EN 15664-1.
This document specifies test water(s) when the test procedure is used to:
a)   assess a material for approval as a reference material for a category of materials;
b)   assess a material for approval by way of comparative testing;
c)   obtain data on the interaction of local water with a material.
NOTE   Local waters used for test waters are not treated with corrosion inhibitors.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for the laboratory assessment of the potential cytotoxic effect of paper and board materials. This test method is intended to assess wet contact with food simulant.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for the laboratory assessment of the potential cytotoxic effect of paper and board materials. This test method is intended to assess wet contact with food simulant.

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This European Standard specifies the test method for assessment of the odour released by a paper or board sample. It is applicable to all kinds of paper and board, including coated and/or printed material, intended to come into direct or indirect contact with foodstuffs. It is not applicable for the determination of consumers' preference.

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This European Standard specifies whether a paper or board sample contains substances which may be transmitted through the air space to a test substance and affect its taste. It is applicable to all kinds of paper and board, including coated and printed material, intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. It is not applicable for the determination of consumers' preference.

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This European Standard specifies whether a paper or board sample contains substances which may be trans-mitted through the air space to a test substance and affect its taste. It is applicable to all kinds of paper and board, including coated and printed material, intended to come into contact with foodstuffs. It is not applicable for the determination of consumers' preference.

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