Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Particular applications for passenger and goods passenger lifts - Part 72: Firefighters lifts

1.1   This document specifies the additional or deviating requirements to prEN 81 20:2018 for new passenger and goods passenger lifts, which may be used for firefighting and evacuation purposes under firefighters control.
1.2   This document applies, when the following conditions are fulfilled:
-   the lift well and the lift environment are designed to restrict the ingress of fire, heat and smoke to the lift well, machinery spaces and safe areas;
-   the building design limits the flow of water into the lift well;
-   the firefighters lift is not an escape route, such as staircases;
-   the lift well and the lift environment are fire protected for at least to the same level as the building structure;
-   the power supply is secure and reliable;
-   the electrical cable providing power to the lift is fire protected to the same fire protection level as given to the lift well structure;
-   a suitable maintenance and verification plan is implemented.
1.3   This document does not cover:
-   the use of lifts with partially enclosed wells for use as firefighters lifts;
-   lifts installed in new or existing buildings, which are not included in fire resisting building structure;
-   important modification to existing lifts.
1.4   This document does not define:
-   the number of firefighters lifts and the floors to be served during firefighting operations;
-   size of safe area(s);
-   the use of other than the highest deck of a multi deck lift for firefighting operations.
1.5   This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to firefighters lifts (as listed in Clause 4) when they are used as intended and under the conditions as foreseen by the installer.
1.6   The following significant hazards are not dealt with in this standard and are assumed to be addressed by the building designer:
-   not having enough or correctly located firefighters lifts to move the firefighters up the building;
-   a fire in the firefighters lift well, safe area, machinery space or car;
-   the absence of building floor identification signs at any floor;
-   water management is not operating correctly.

Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Besondere Anwendungen für Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 72: Feuerwehraufzüge

1.1   Dieses Dokument legt zusätzliche oder abweichende Anforderungen zur prEN 81-20:2018 für neu zu errichtende Personen- und Lastenaufzüge, die auch zur Brandbekämpfung und Evakuierung unter Kontrolle der Feuerwehr eingesetzt werden dürfen, fest.
1.2   Dieses Dokument gilt unter folgenden Bedingungen:
-   Der Schacht und die Umgebung des Aufzugs sind so ausgeführt, dass sie das Eindringen von Feuer, Hitze und Rauch in den Schacht und in die Aufstellungsorte von Triebwerk und Steuerung sowie die sicheren Bereiche einschränken.
-   Die Auslegung des Gebäudes begrenzt das Eindringen von Wasser in den Schacht.
-   Der Feuerwehraufzug wird nicht als Rettungsweg benutzt.
-   Der Schacht und die Umgebung des Aufzugs sind mindestens im selben Grad brandgeschützt wie die Gebäudestruktur.
-   Die Energieversorgung ist sicher und zuverlässig.
-   Elektrokabel für die Energieversorgung des Aufzugs sind im gleichen Umfang wie die Struktur des Schachts brandgeschützt.
-   Ein geeigneter Instandhaltungs- und Prüfplan gelangt zur Anwendung.
1.3   Dieses Dokument behandelt nicht:
-   den Einsatz von Aufzügen mit teilumwehrtem Schacht als Feuerwehraufzug;
-   die in neuen oder bestehenden Gebäuden eingebauten Aufzüge, die nicht in die feuerwiderstandsfähige Gebäudestruktur eingebunden sind;
-   wesentliche Änderungen an bestehenden Aufzügen.
1.4   Dieses Dokument enthält keine Festlegungen
-   zur Anzahl von Feuerwehraufzügen und der während des Feuerwehrbetriebs anzufahrenden Stockwerke;
-   zur Größe von sicheren Bereichen;
-   zum Einsatz anderer Kabinen als der obersten Kabine von Multideck-Aufzügen im Feuerwehrbetrieb.
1.5   Dieses Dokument behandelt die für Feuerwehraufzüge signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse (wie in Abschnitt 4 angegeben), wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter den vom Montagebetrieb vorgesehenen Bedingungen betrieben werden.
1.6   Die nachfolgend genannten signifikanten Gefährdungen werden in dieser Norm nicht behandelt und es wird davon ausgegangen, dass sie den Planer des Gebäudes betreffen:
-   zu wenige oder falsch angeordnete Feuerwehraufzüge, um die Feuerwehrleute im Gebäude zu befördern;
-   ein Brand im Schacht des Feuerwehraufzugs, im sicheren Bereich, im Aufstellungsort von Triebwerk und Steuerung oder im Fahrkorb;
-   das Fehlen von Stockwerksangaben in den Stockwerken;
-   fehlerhaft durchgeführtes Wassermanagement.

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des élévateurs - Applications particulières pour les ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 72 : Ascenseurs pompiers

1.1   Le présent document spécifie des prescriptions supplémentaires ou s’écartant des prescriptions de l’EN 81-20 pour les ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge neufs, pouvant être utilisés pour la lutte contre l’incendie et pour l’évacuation sous le contrôle des pompiers.
1.2   Le présent document s’applique lorsque les conditions suivantes sont satisfaites :
-   la gaine de l’ascenseur et l’environnement de l’ascenseur sont conçus de manière à limiter la pénétration des flammes, de chaleur et de fumée dans la gaine de l’ascenseur, les emplacements de machinerie et les espaces sécurisés ;
-   la conception du bâtiment limite l’écoulement d’eau dans la gaine de l’ascenseur ;
-   l’ascenseur « pompiers » n’est pas un itinéraire de secours, comme des escaliers ;
-   la gaine de l’ascenseur et l’environnement de l’ascenseur bénéficient d’une protection incendie d’un niveau au moins équivalent à celui de la structure du bâtiment ;
-   l’alimentation électrique est sûre et fiable ;
-   le câble électrique acheminant le courant à l’ascenseur bénéficie du même niveau de protection que la structure de la gaine de l’ascenseur ;
-   un plan de maintenance et de vérification approprié est mis en ouvre.
1.3   Le présent document ne couvre pas :
-   l’utilisation des ascenseurs à gaine partiellement close pour une utilisation en ascenseurs « pompiers » ;
-   les ascenseurs installés dans les bâtiments neufs ou existants, qui ne sont pas inclus dans une structure de bâtiment résistant au feu ;
-   la modification importante des ascenseurs existants.
1.4   Le présent document ne définit pas :
-   le nombre d’ascenseurs « pompiers » et les étages à desservir pendant les interventions de lutte contre l’incendie ;
-   la dimension du ou des espaces sécurisés ;
-   l’utilisation d’un pont autre que le pont supérieur d’un ascenseur à plusieurs ponts pour les opérations de lutte contre l’incendie.
1.5   Le présent document traite tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations et événements dangereux significatifs spécifiques aux ascenseurs « pompiers » (énumérés à l’Article 4), lorsqu’ils sont utilisés normalement et dans les conditions prévues par l’installateur.
1.6   Les phénomènes dangereux significatifs suivants ne sont pas traités dans la présente norme et ils sont supposés avoir été traités par le concepteur du bâtiment :
-   le nombre insuffisant ou la mauvaise implantation d’ascenseurs « pompiers » pour déplacer les pompiers vers les étages du bâtiment ;
-   le feu dans la gaine de l’ascenseur « pompiers », dans un espace sécurisé, dans l’emplacement de machinerie ou dans la cabine ;
-   l’absence de signalétique d’identification du niveau ;
-   la gestion incorrecte de l’eau.

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Posebne aplikacije za osebna in osebno-tovorna dvigala - 72. del: Dvigala za gasilce

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-May-2018
Publication Date
01-Sep-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
30-Jul-2020
Due Date
04-Oct-2020
Completion Date
02-Sep-2020

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 81-72:2020
English language
46 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 81-72:2020
01-oktober-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 81-72:2015

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Posebne aplikacije

za osebna in osebno-tovorna dvigala - 72. del: Dvigala za gasilce

Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Particular applications for

passenger and goods passenger lifts - Part 72: Firefighters lifts
Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Besondere
Anwendungen für Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 72: Feuerwehraufzüge

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation des élévateurs - Applications

particulières pour les ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 72 : Ascenseurs

pompiers
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 81-72:2020
ICS:
13.220.10 Gašenje požara Fire-fighting
91.140.90 Dvigala. Tekoče stopnice Lifts. Escalators
SIST EN 81-72:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.140.90 Supersedes EN 81-72:2015
English Version
Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts -
Particular applications for passenger and goods passenger
lifts - Part 72: Firefighters lifts

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau

des élévateurs - Applications particulières pour les von Aufzügen - Besondere Anwendungen für

ascenseurs et ascenseurs de charge - Partie 72 : Personen- und Lastenaufzüge - Teil 72:

Ascenseurs pompiers Feuerwehraufzüge
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 June 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 81-72:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 List of significant hazards ............................................................................................................................ 8

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 10

5.1 Environmentbuilding requirements ..................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Fundamental firefighters lift requirements ....................................................................................... 11

5.3 Protection of electrical equipment against water (see Annex D) ............................................... 12

5.4 Rescue of trappbed firefighters in the car .......................................................................................... 13

5.5 Hydraulic lifts used as firefighters lift .................................................................................................. 14

5.6 Car doors and landing doors .................................................................................................................... 14

5.7 Lift machine and associated equipment .............................................................................................. 15

5.8 Control systems ............................................................................................................................................ 15

5.9 Power supplies for firefighters lifts ....................................................................................................... 19

5.10 Changeover and interruption of electrical supplies ........................................................................ 19

5.11 Car and landing controls............................................................................................................................ 19

5.12 Fire service communication system ...................................................................................................... 20

5.13 Vandal prone areas ...................................................................................................................................... 20

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................... 20

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 22

Annex A (informative) Firefighting concept for buildings ......................................................................... 24

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

A.2 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 24

A.3 Background .................................................................................................................................................... 24

A.4 Fire service operations .............................................................................................................................. 25

A.5 Firefighters lift .............................................................................................................................................. 25

A.6 Fire service rescue ....................................................................................................................................... 25

Annex B (informative) Basic layouts for firefighters lift ............................................................................. 28

Annex C (informative) Power supplies for firefighters lifts — Secondary power supplies ........... 31

Annex D (normative) Water protection in the lift well ................................................................................ 33

Annex E (informative) Water management ..................................................................................................... 34

E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

E.2 Measures to address the ingress of water into the lift well .......................................................... 34

E.3 Measures to address the accumulation of water in the lift pit .................................................... 34

Annex F (informative) Concepts of fire compartments ............................................................................... 35

Annex G (normative) Pictogram for a firefighters lift .................................................................................. 36

Annex H (informative) Examples of rescue concept for firefighters ...................................................... 37

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)

Annex I (informative) Building interface .......................................................................................................... 40

I.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 40

I.2 Approval of fire authorities ...................................................................................................................... 40

I.3 Provision of firefighters lifts..................................................................................................................... 41

I.4 Protection of the area in front of landing doors ................................................................................ 41

I.5 Separation of the lift well ........................................................................................................................... 41

I.6 Fire resistance of shutters and fire door .............................................................................................. 42

I.7 Smoke control ................................................................................................................................................ 42

I.8 Lift identification .......................................................................................................................................... 42

Annex J (informative) Maintenance requirements........................................................................................ 43

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/33/EU aimed to be covered ..................................................... 44

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 46

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 81-72:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 10 “Lifts,

escalators and moving walks”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by July 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 81-72:2015.

This document is a revision of EN 81-72:2015 in order to align its Annex ZA to the new format and

requirements as laid out in the EU Commission Standardization Request “M/549 C (2016) 5884 final”.

During this revision no technical changes are made and the technical requirements of this document

remain identical to EN 81-72:2015, with the exception of the normative references in the text which

have been updated to the latest versions of the documents.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive 95/16/EC amended by 2006/42/EC and 2014/33/EU, see

informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010.

Firefighters lifts are used to bring the firefighters and their equipment to the required floors.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are

covered is indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards for lifts that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

The following assumptions were made in writing this document.

Negotiations have been made between the owner, customer, building designers, fire authorities or

other relevant bodies and installer concerning:
a) the intended use of the lift;
b) environmental conditions;
c) civil engineering problems;

d) interfaces between the lift and the building management system (BMS) or fire detection system;

e) the firefighting strategy;

f) smoke management, e.g. pressurizing system impact to the lift system such as sway of travelling

cables and operation of landing doors;

g) water management, and where applicable, the highest permissible water level in the pit, e.g. 0,5 m;

h) other aspects related to the place of the installation and the rescue of persons from within the car;

i) power supply including regenerative power during secondary power supply operation;

j) size of safe area(s);

k) the need for an additional firefighters car key switch and availability of the key.

Developers and architects will need to take account of national building regulations in providing a

suitable fire resistant structure of the building, safe areas, fire detection and extinguisher systems.

Examples are shown in Annex B and Annex F.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)
1 Scope

1.1 This document specifies the additional or deviating requirements to EN 81-20:2020 for new

passenger and goods passenger lifts, which can be used for firefighting and evacuation purposes under

firefighters control.
1.2 This document applies, when the following conditions are fulfilled:

— the lift well and the lift environment are designed to restrict the ingress of fire, heat and smoke to

the lift well, machinery spaces and safe areas;
— the building design limits the flow of water into the lift well;
— the firefighters lift is not used as an escape route;

— the lift well and the lift environment are fire protected for at least to the same level as the building

structure;
— the power supply is secure and reliable;

— the electrical cable(s) providing power to the lift is fire protected to the same fire protection level

as given to the lift well structure;
— a suitable maintenance and verification plan is implemented.
1.3 This document does not cover:
— the use of lifts with partially enclosed wells for use as firefighters lifts;

— lifts installed in new or existing buildings, which are not included in fire resisting building

structure;
— important modification to existing lifts.
1.4 This document does not define:

— the number of firefighters lifts and the floors to be served during firefighting operations;

— size of safe area(s);

— the use of other than the highest deck of a multi deck lift for firefighting operations.

1.5 This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to

firefighters lifts (as listed in Clause 4) when they are used as intended and under the conditions as

foreseen by the installer.

1.6 The following significant hazards are not dealt with in this document and are assumed to be

addressed by the building designer:

— not having enough or correctly located firefighters lifts to move the firefighters up the building;

— a fire in the firefighters lift well, safe area, machinery space or car;
— the absence of building floor identification signs at any floor;
— water management is not operating correctly.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 81-20:2020, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Lifts for the transport of persons

and goods - Part 20: Passenger and goods passenger lifts

EN 81-70:2018, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Particular applications for

passenger and goods passenger lift - Part 70: Accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with

disability

EN 81-71:2018+AC:2019, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Particular

applications to passenger lifts and goods passenger lifts - Part 71: Vandal resistant lifts

EN 81-73:2020, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Particular applications for

passenger and goods passenger lifts - Part 73: Behaviour of lifts in the event of fire

EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019, Ladders - Part 1: Terms, types, functional sizes

EN 60529:1991 , Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

ISO 8100-30:2019, Lifts for the transport of persons and goods - Part 30: Class I, II, III and VI lifts

installation
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and

EN 81-20:2020 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp/ui
3.1
control system

system of the lift which responds to input signals and generates output signals causing the equipment

under control to operate in the desired manner
3.2
evacuation

organized and controlled movement of persons in a building from a dangerous place to a safe place

3.3
fire
combustion of material producing flame, heat and smoke

1) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 60529:1991/A1:2000 and EN 60529:1991/A2:2013.

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)
3.4
fire compartment

sub-division of a building or buildings, e.g. by walls, doors and/or floors for the purpose of limiting the

spread of fire and hot gases within the premises
3.5
firefighters lift

lift which has protection, controls and signals which enable it to be used under the exclusive control of

the firefighters
3.6
fire protection

measures to prevent the outbreak of fire and fire spread in all cases to safeguard escape routes and

create effective firefighting including the determination of the fire resistance, fire load and behaviour of

building materials and structures during a fire
3.7
firefighters lift switch

switch located at the fire service access level, outside of the well and optionally in the car, used to

initiate firefighters service
3.8
fire service access level

entry level in the building intended to be used by firefighters to gain access to the firefighters lift

3.9
safe area
(refuge area, fire protected lobby)

area, provided with a safe route to the lift and safe exit, e.g. stairs, that will remain safe for persons for

the duration of firefighting operations and is both separated from a fire by suitable fire resisting

construction and kept clear of smoke, in some countries known as a refuge or lobby

3.10
dual entry car
car with two car doors
3.11
Building Management System
BMS
system capable of making intelligent decisions based on information sent to it
3.12
lift environment

fire protected environment providing protected access from the usage area of the building to the

firefighters lift
4 List of significant hazards

4.1 This clause contains all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as far as they are

dealt with in this document, identified by risk assessment as significant for this type of lift and which

require action to eliminate or reduce risk.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)

4.2 Significant hazards dealt with in this document are shown in Tables 1 and 2 below:

Table 1 — List of significant hazards and hazardous situations - Environment

Significant Hazards and Hazardous situations - Environment Information in this document

1 Fire / heat / smoke may spread in to a lift well / 1.2 / 5.1
machinery space / safe area
2 Exposed or obstructed lift equipment 1.2 / 1.4 / 5.1
3 Lift not useable long enough for firefighters 1.2 / 1.4 / 5.1 / 5.7
4 > 2 min delay of firefighting operations Introduction / 1.2 / 5.1 / 5.7
5 Flow of water into the lift well Introduction / 1.2 / 1.6 / 5.1.2 / 5.3
/ 5.11.1 / Annex E
6 Entrapment on safe area due to a lift failure 1.2 / 1.4
7 Unsafe Environment for firefighters 1.2 / 1.4
8 Structure collapse before the firefighters have finished 1.4
with the lift
9 Not having enough or correctly located firefighters lift to 1.6
move the firefighters and their equipment through the
building.

Table 2 — List of significant hazards and hazardous situations – Firefighters lift

No Hazards Requirements and clauses in
this document
as listed in EN ISO 12100:2010, Annex B
8 General hazards for lifts 5.1 / 5.2.1 / 5.8.3 / 5.8.4 / 5.9.1
1 Trapping hazard 5.2.2 / 5.4 / 5.6 / 5.7 / 5.8 / 5.9 /
5.10 / 5.11 / 5.12
8 > 2 min delay of firefighting operations 5.2.3 / 5.2.4 / 5.6 / 5.8 / 5.9 /
5.10 / 5.11 / 5.12.3 / 6 / 7
10 Combination of hazards 5.8.7 / 5.8.8 / 5.8.9
9 Failure or malfunction of the lift 5.3 / 5.4 / 5.7 / 5.8.5 / 5.11.1 /
5.11.2 / 5.12.3
8 Human error, human behaviour 5.12
8 Inadequate design, location or identification of manual 5.8.1 / 5.8.2 / 5.11.3
controls
8 Inadequate marking 5.11.4
9 Failure of the power supply 5.9.1 / 5.9.2 / 5.10
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)
5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
5.1 Environment/building requirements

5.1.1 The firefighters lift is located in a well with a safe area in front of every landing door which is

used for firefighting operations. In front of every landing door a safe area, a fire shutter or a fire door

shall be provided.

NOTE The purpose of safe areas is to protect the lift well, firefighters and those who may be waiting to be

evacuated against fire, heat and smoke and in addition to allow the self rescue as described in 5.4. The minimum

dimensions of each safe area are given by national regulations.

5.1.2 It is the responsibility of national/local regulations to determine the required levels of fire

resistance, and other building requirements that shall be addressed for a safe firefighters lift:

— protection of the areas in front of the landing doors;
— separation of the well;
— fire resistance of the landing doors;
— fire resistance of the lift well and machinery space walls;
— fire resistance of fire shutters and fire doors;
— connection between lift safe areas and staircase;
— water management; see Annex E;
— power supply;
— communication connection;
— smoke control e.g. air pressurization system or ventilation;
— number and size of firefighters lifts.

5.1.3 The level of fire resistance of the lift well shall also apply to any of the following: the walls and

doors of safe areas, fire doors, fire shutters, doors to machinery spaces, pulley and machine rooms. If

there are other lifts in the same well, then the entire common well shall fulfil the fire resistance

requirements of firefighters lift wells. See Annex B. It is not necessary that other lifts shall remain in

operation but it shall be ensured that a malfunction of another lift does not have any adverse influence

of the function of the firefighters lift.

5.1.4 Any lift landing door which is not intended to be used by firefighters and which does not have a

safe area shall be protected by a fire shutter or a fire door classified in line with the lift well structure

and national regulations (see Figure B.3).
5.1.5 The firefighters lift shall have a secondary power supply available.

5.1.6 The firefighters lift electrical power supply cable(s) shall be fire protected.

5.1.7 The source of the secondary power supply and automatic switch gear shall be located in a fire

protected area.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)

5.1.8 In the case of an air pressurized well, the following points shall be considered by those

designing the pressurization system:

— air speed into the well is minimized to avoid excessive swaying of travelling cable or compensation

means;

— when the lift is in phase 2 (see 5.8.8) A-weighted sound pressure level from the pressurization

system is less than 80 dB(A) at positions 0,5 m from the microphones in the car, at the fire service

access level and at the emergency and test panel;

— the pressurization shall not affect the opening and closing of the car and landing doors.

It is assumed that air pressurizing of the well does not cause any negative impacts on normal operation

or safe maintenance activities of the lifts.
5.2 Fundamental firefighters lift requirements

5.2.1 The firefighters lift shall be designed in conformity with EN 81-20:2020 and provided with

additional protection, controls and signals.

5.2.2 The size of the firefighters lift shall be in accordance with national regulations and preferably be

selected from ISO 8100-30:2019. At no time shall the size be less than 1 100 mm wide by 1 400 mm

deep with a rated load of 630 kg. See also Introduction.
The clear entrance width to the car shall be a minimum of 800 mm.

5.2.3 Where the intended use of the firefighters lift is to include evacuation, to accommodate such

items as a stretcher or bed, then the minimum rated load shall be 1 000 kg and the minimum

dimensions of the car 1 100 mm wide by 2 100 mm deep. See also Introduction.

NOTE For firefighters lifts national regulations can impose greater dimensions and rated loads.

5.2.4 The firefighters lift shall be able to reach the highest landing to be served in firefighting

operations from the fire service access level within 60 s, from after the closing of the lift doors.

However, for lifts with higher travel than 200 m, this time to reach the highest landing may be increased

by 1 s for each 3 m additional travel height.

NOTE Experience has shown that a rated speed greater than 4,5 m/s can cause problems due to technical

complexity, e.g. size of secondary power supply, turbulence from the pressurized environment and spoilers on the

car roof.

5.2.5 The lift shall be designed to operate correctly during firefighting operations for a period equal to

that required for the structure, e.g. 2 h, according to the following conditions:

a) electrical/electronic devices on landings, other than at the fire service access level, shall be

designed to function correctly in an ambient temperature range of 0 °C to 65 °C or be made non-

operational. A malfunction of devices (landing indicators and push buttons) shall not prevent

operation of the lift under fire fighting conditions;

b) all other electrical/electronic components of the firefighters lift shall be designed to function

correctly in an ambient temperature range of 0 °C to + 40 °C;

c) the correct functioning of the lift control shall be ensured in smoke filled wells and/or machinery

spaces;

d) any ambient temperature sensor shall not stop, or prevent the start, of the firefighters lift.

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-72:2020
EN 81-72:2020 (E)

5.2.6 For a dual entry car, no more than one car door shall be open at any time during firefighting

operations.

5.2.7 When the distance between consecutive landing doorsills exceeds 7 m, intermediate emergency

doors shall be provided, such that the distance between sills is not more than 7 m.

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.