Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assemblies, openable windows and elements of building hardware - Part 1: Fire resistance test for door and shutter assemblies and openable windows

This European Standard specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of door and shutter assemblies and openable windows designed for installation within openings incorporated in vertical separating elements, such as:
a)   hinged and pivoted doors;
b)   horizontally sliding and vertically sliding doors including articulated sliding doors and sectional doors;
c)   folding doors, sliding folding doors /shutters;
d)   tilting doors;
e)   rolling shutter doors;
f)   openable windows;
g)   operable fabric curtains.
This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1.
The testing of fire dampers is covered by EN 1366-2.
The testing of closures for conveyor systems is covered by EN 1366-7.
By prior agreement with the test sponsor, additional information may be gained for individual elements of building hardware in order to fulfil the performance criteria identified in EN 1634-2. Based on the observations recorded during the test, the results may be presented in a separate report which should be in accordance with the requirements of EN 1634-2.
Doors tested in accordance with this European Standard and classified in accordance with EN 13501-2 may be accepted for lift landing door applications as an alternative to EN 81-58 and subject to National Regulations. EN 81-58 represents a specific test for lift landing doors and results in an alternative classification which may not be suitable for some other purposes as defined in National Regulations.

Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen und Rauchschutzprüfungen für Türen, Tore, Abschlüsse, Fenster und Baubeschläge - Teil 1: Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen für Türen, Tore, Abschlüsse und Fenster

Essais de résistance au feu et d'étanchéité aux fumées des portes, fermetures, fenêtres et éléments de quincailleries - Partie 1: Essais de résistance au feu des portes, fermetures et fenêtres

Preskusi požarne odpornosti in dimotesnosti vrat, zapor in oken, ki se odpirajo, ter elementov stavbnega okovja - 1. del: Preskus požarne odpornosti za vrata, zapore in okna, ki se odpirajo

Ta evropski standard določa metodo za ugotavljanje požarne odpornosti vrat in sestavljenih polken ter oken, ki se odpirajo in so zasnovana za namestitev v odprtinah, ki so vgrajene v vertikalnih ločilnih elementih, kot so:
a) vrata s tečaji in pregibna vrata;
b) horizontalno in vertikalno drsna vrata, vključno z nihajnimi drsnimi vrati in pregradnimi vrati;
c) zložljiva vrata, drsna zložljiva vrata/polkna;
d) nagibna vrata;
e) zložljiva vrata;
f) okna, ki se odpirajo;
g) vodljive tekstilne zavese.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja v povezavi s standardom EN 1363-1.
Preskušanje dušilnikov ognja zajema standard EN 1366-2;
Preskušanje zapor za transportne sisteme zajema standard EN 1366-7.
Po predhodnem dogovoru s pokroviteljem preskušanja se lahko pridobijo dodatne informacije o posameznih elementih stavbnega okovja za izpolnjevanje meril učinkovitosti, opisanih v standardu EN 1634-2. Na podlagi zabeleženih opazovanj med preskusom so lahko rezultati predstavljeni v ločenem poročilu, ki naj bo skladno z zahtevami standarda EN 1634-2.
Vrata, ki so preskušena skladno s tem evropskim standardom in razvrščena skladno s standardom EN 13501-2, so lahko sprejemljiva za uporabo kot etažna vrata dvigal, kot alternativa standardu EN 81-58, zanje pa veljajo nacionalni predpisi. Standard EN 81-58 predstavlja poseben preskus za etažna vrata dvigal s posledično drugačno klasifikacijo, ki morda ni primerna za druge namene, opredeljene v nacionalnih predpisih.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Feb-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Feb-2018
Due Date
09-Apr-2018
Completion Date
13-Feb-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Preskusi požarne odpornosti in dimotesnosti vrat, zapor in oken, ki se odpirajo, ter elementov stavbnega okovja - 1. del: Preskus požarne odpornosti za vrata, zapore in okna, ki se odpirajoFeuerwiderstandsprüfungen und Rauchschutzprüfungen für Türen, Tore, Abschlüsse, Fenster und Baubeschläge - Teil 1: Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen für Türen, Tore, Abschlüsse und FensterEssais de résistance au feu et d'étanchéité aux fumées des portes, fermetures, fenêtres et éléments de quincailleries - Partie 1: Essais de résistance au feu des portes, fermetures et fenêtresFire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assemblies, openable windows and elements of building hardware - Part 1: Fire resistance test for door and shutter assemblies and openable windows91.190Stavbna opremaBuilding accessories91.060.50Vrata in oknaDoors and windows13.220.50Požarna odpornost gradbenih materialov in elementovFire-resistance of building materials and elementsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018en,fr,de01-marec-2018SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1634-1:20141DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1634-1:2014+A1
January
t r s z ICS
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s uä t t rä w r English Version

Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assembliesá openable windows and elements of building hardware æ Part

sã Fire resistance test for door and shutter assemblies and openable windows Essais de résistance au feu et d 5étanchéité aux fumées des portesá fermeturesá fenêtres et éléments de quincailleries æ Partie

sã Essais de résistance au feu des portesá fermetures et fenêtres

Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen und Rauchschutzprüfungen für Türená Toreá Abschlüsseá Fenster und Baubeschläge æ Teil

sã Feuerwiderstandsprüfungen für Türená Toreá Abschlüsse und Fenster This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t { December
t r s t and includes Amendment
s approved by CEN on
t w September
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x u væ sã t r s v ªA sã t r s z ESIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 9 5 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................................. 9 6 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................... 9 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 6.2 Size ........................................................................................................................................................................ 9 6.3 Number ............................................................................................................................................................... 9 6.4 Design .................................................................................................................................................................. 9 6.5 Construction ................................................................................................................................................... 10 6.6 Verification ..................................................................................................................................................... 10 6.7 Building hardware ....................................................................................................................................... 10 7 Installation of test specimen .................................................................................................................... 10 7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10 7.2 Supporting construction ............................................................................................................................ 11 7.3 Gaps ................................................................................................................................................................... 12 8 Conditioning ................................................................................................................................................... 12 8.1 Moisture content .......................................................................................................................................... 12 8.2 Mechanical ...................................................................................................................................................... 12 9 Application of instrumentation .............................................................................................................. 12 9.1 Thermocouples ............................................................................................................................................. 12 9.2 Pressure ........................................................................................................................................................... 18 9.3 Deflection ........................................................................................................................................................ 18 9.4 Radiation ......................................................................................................................................................... 18 10 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 19 10.1 Pre-test examination and preparation ................................................................................................. 19 10.2 Fire resistance test ...................................................................................................................................... 20 11 Performance criteria .................................................................................................................................. 20 11.1 Integrity ........................................................................................................................................................... 20 11.2 Insulation ........................................................................................................................................................ 20 11.3 Radiation ......................................................................................................................................................... 21 12 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 21 13 Field of direct application of test results ............................................................................................. 22 13.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 22 13.2 Materials and construction ....................................................................................................................... 22 13.3 Permissible size variations ....................................................................................................................... 24 13.4 Asymmetrical assemblies.......................................................................................................................... 28 SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 3 13.5 Supporting constructions .......................................................................................................................... 29 13.6 Associated supporting constructions .................................................................................................... 30 Annex A (normative)

Conditioning requirements ......................................................................................... 66 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 66 A.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 66 Annex B (normative)

Field of direct application limits of permitted size variations ....................... 68 Annex C (informative)

Background to field of direct application statements for asymmetric constructions and supporting constructions ..................................................................................... 70 C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 70 C.2 Hinged doorsets ............................................................................................................................................ 70 C.3 Pivot hung doorsets ..................................................................................................................................... 73 C.4 Rolling shutter doorsets ............................................................................................................................. 74 C.5 Sliding/folding doorsets............................................................................................................................. 75 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 76

SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 127 by BSI. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 25 September 2017. This document supersedes !EN 1634-1:2014". The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. EN 1634, "Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door and shutter assemblies, openable windows and elements of building hardware" consists of the following parts:

Part 1: Fire resistance test for door and shutter assemblies and openable windows (the present document);

Part 2: Fire resistance characterisation test for elements of building hardware;

Part 3: Smoke control test for door and shutter assemblies. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 5 Introduction Caution The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this fire resistance test is drawn to the fact that fire testing may be hazardous and that there is a possibility that toxic and/or harmful smoke and gases may be evolved during the test. Mechanical and operational hazards may also arise during the construction of the test elements or structures, their testing and disposal of test residues. It is imperative that an assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health is made and that safety precautions are identified and provided. Written safety instructions need to be issued. Appropriate training should be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel should ensure that they follow written safety instructions at all times. SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies a method for determining the fire resistance of door and shutter assemblies and openable windows designed for installation within openings incorporated in vertical separating elements, such as: a) hinged and pivoted doors; b) horizontally sliding and vertically sliding doors including articulated sliding doors and sectional doors; c) folding doors, sliding folding doors /shutters; d) tilting doors; e) rolling shutter doors; f) openable windows; g) operable fabric curtains. This European Standard is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1. The testing of fire dampers is covered by EN 1366-2. The testing of closures for conveyor systems is covered by EN 1366-7. By prior agreement with the test sponsor, additional information may be gained for individual elements of building hardware in order to fulfil the performance criteria identified in EN 1634-2. Based on the observations recorded during the test, the results may be presented in a separate report which should be in accordance with the requirements of EN 1634-2. !Doors tested in accordance with this European Standard and classified in accordance with EN 13501-2 may be accepted for lift landing door applications as an alternative to EN 81-58 and subject to National Regulations. EN 81-58 represents a specific test for lift landing doors and results in an alternative classification which may not be suitable for some other purposes as defined in National Regulations." 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. !EN 1363-1", Fire resistance tests - Part 1: General Requirements EN 1363-2, Fire resistance tests - Part 2: Alternative and additional procedures !EN 12519", Windows and pedestrian doors - Terminology EN 13501-2, Fire classification of construction products and building elements - Part 2: Classification using data from fire resistance tests, excluding ventilation services !deleted reference" SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 7 EN 15269 (all parts), Extended application of test results for fire resistance and/or smoke control for door, shutter and openable window assemblies, including their elements of building hardware !EN 16034, Pedestrian doorsets, industrial, commercial, garage doors and openable windows - Product standard, performance characteristics - Fire resisting and/or smoke control characteristics" !EN ISO 13943", Fire safety - Vocabulary (ISO 13943) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in !EN 1363-1, EN 12519, EN ISO 13943" and the following apply. 3.1 door or shutter assembly doorset pedestrian doorset or industrial type doorset including any frame or guide, door leaf or leaves, rolling or folding curtain, etc., which is provided to give a fire resisting capability when used for the closing of permanent openings in fire resisting separating elements, which includes any side panel(s), flush over panel(s), transom panel(s) and/or glazing together with the building hardware and any seals (whether provided for the purpose of fire resistance or smoke control or for other purposes such as draught or acoustics) which form the assembly 3.2 openable (for windows only) applying to windows with one or more moveable leaf or leaves including any side or over panel(s), perimeter frame and any elements of building hardware 3.3 building hardware hinges, handles, locks, exit devices, escutcheons, letter plates, kick plates, sliding gear, closing devices, electrical components, wiring, etc., which are, or can be, used in the doorset 3.4 single action action of a door leaf of a (single or double leaf) doorset which only opens in one direction 3.5 double action action of a door leaf of a (single or double leaf) doorset which opens in both directions 3.6 floor upper surface of the horizontal element on which the doorset is mounted and which extends from the exposed face to the unexposed face of the doorset 3.7 sill member which connects two frame jambs together at the base which may or may not be set into the floor and remains visible SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 8 3.8 gap clearance between two nominally adjacent surfaces and/or edges (primary gaps are between the edge of the leaf and the reveal of the frame, between the face of the leaf and the frame stop and between adjacent leaves) Note 1 to entry: This does not refer to the integrity failure gap for which the gap gauges are referenced in 10.2.2. 3.9 through component or connection internal spacer or fixing that either penetrates through the door or shutter construction from one face to another or directly connects the faces one to the other 3.10 standard supporting construction form of construction used to close off the furnace and to support the doorset or openable window being evaluated and which has a quantifiable influence on both the thermal heat transfer between the construction and the test specimen and provides known resistance to thermal distortion Note 1 to entry: Supporting constructions which are considered to be 'standard supporting constructions' are those listed in EN 13631. 3.11 associated supporting construction specific construction in which the doorset or openable window is to be installed in practice and which is used to close off the furnace and provide the levels of restraint and thermal heat transfer to be experienced in normal use 3.12 test specimen doorset or openable window which is to be installed in a standard or associated supporting construction to allow it to be evaluated 3.13 transom horizontal member fitted between vertical frame members to create an aperture above into which a panel, glazing etc. might be fitted 3.14 over panel panel which is incorporated within a doorset or openable window and fitted above the leaf or leaves and can be a transom panel or a flush over panel 3.15 transom panel panel which is incorporated within a doorset or openable window and fitted above the leaf or leaves and is bounded on all edges by the frame head, the jambs and the transom 3.16 flush over panel panel which is incorporated within a doorset or openable window and fitted above the leaf or leaves within the frame head and the jambs and with no transom SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 9 3.17 side panel panel which is incorporated within a doorset or openable window and fitted at one side of a leaf and is bounded on all edges by the perimeter frame, the jambs and the transom (when applicable) 3.18 operable fabric curtain doorset with a leaf constructed from woven material combined with other materials in one or more sections Note 1 to entry: The complete assembly includes any frames and/or guides. 4 Test equipment The test equipment specified in EN 1363-1, and if applicable EN 1363-2, shall be used. 5 Test conditions Appropriate mechanical pre-test conditioning shall be completed in accordance with the requirements in !EN 16034". The heating and pressure conditions and the furnace atmosphere shall conform to those given in EN 1363-1 or, if applicable, EN 1363-2 except for openable windows where the pressure at the top of the test specimen shall be 20 Pa. 6 Test specimen 6.1 General Guidance on the selection of test specimen(s) is given in !deleted text" the EN 15269 series of extended application standards. The figures included with this standard show test specimen(s) of different types of doorsets. The figures may also be used by analogy for openable windows. 6.2 Size The test specimen and all its components shall be full size unless limited by the size of the front opening of the furnace which will normally be 3,0 m x 3,0 m. Doorsets and openable windows which cannot be tested at full size shall normally be tested to the maximum size possible consistent with 7.2.3. 6.3 Number The number of test specimens required to determine the fire resistance of a doorset or an openable window shall be selected in accordance with EN 1363-1 and 13.4 of this standard. 6.4 Design The design of the test specimen and the choice of supporting construction shall take into account the requirements of EN 15269 (all parts) and Clause 13 of this standard if the widest field of application is to be achieved. SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 10 Where the doorset or openable window incorporates side, transom or flush over panels, whether glazed or unglazed, these shall be tested as part of the assembly. If only one side panel is incorporated, this shall always be installed on the latch side of the doorset or openable window. The test specimen shall be fully representative of the doorset or openable window intended for use in practice, including any aspects of design that are an essential part of the test specimen and may influence its behaviour in the test. 6.5 Construction The test specimen shall be constructed as described in EN 1363-1. 6.6 Verification The sponsor shall provide a specification to a level of detail sufficient to allow the laboratory to conduct a detailed examination of the test specimen before the test and to agree the accuracy of the information supplied (e.g. a parts list and drawings giving materials, dimensions and mounting and fixing methods, including those for items of building hardware). EN 1363-1 provides detailed guidance on verification of the test specimen. When the method of construction precludes a detailed survey of the test specimen, without having to permanently damage it or if it is considered that it will subsequently be impossible to evaluate construction details from a post test examination, then one of two options shall be exercised by the laboratory, either: a) the laboratory shall request to oversee the manufacture of the doorset or openable window which is to be the subject of the test; or b) the sponsor shall, at the discretion of the laboratory, be requested to supply an additional test specimen or that part of the test specimen which cannot be verified (e.g. a door leaf) to the number required for testing; the laboratory shall then choose freely which of these shall be submitted to the test and which shall be used to verify the construction. 6.7 Building hardware Any item of building hardware shall be measured, analysed and described in detail before the test commences. Where it is not possible to confirm the manufacturer's description it shall be clearly stated that the manufacturer's declaration has been used. 7 Installation of test specimen 7.1 General The test specimen shall be installed, as far as possible, in a manner representative of its use in practice. The test specimen shall be mounted in a supporting construction which covers the type in which it is intended to be used. The design of the connection between the doorset or openable window and the supporting construction, including any fixings and materials used to make the junction, shall be as used in practice and shall be regarded as part of the test specimen. The test specimen shall be mounted within the supporting construction so that it is flush with the exposed face of the supporting construction, unless the normal mounting procedure provided does not allow this. The whole area of the test specimen, together with at least the minimum dimensions of the supporting construction, shall be exposed to the heating conditions. SIST EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018

EN 1634-1:2014+A1:2018 (E) 11 7.2 Supporting construction 7.2.1 General The fire resistance of any supporting construction shall not be determined from a test in conjunction with a doorset or openable window and shall be at least commensurate with that anticipated for the product. 7.2.2 Standard supporting construction The choice of standard supporting construction shall reflect the intended normal use of the doorset or openable window. The rules governing the applicability of the chosen standard supporting construction to other end use situations are given in 13.5. The standard supporting construction shall be chosen from those given in EN 1363-1. 7.2.3 Erection of standard supporting and associated supporting constructions Figures 1 to 8 illustrate the use of supporting constructions in conjunction with the mounting of test specimens of different types of door or shutter assemblies. For flexible standard supporting constructions and all associated supporting constructions, the partition or wall shall be erected so that it can distort freely perpendicular to the plane of the supporting construction along the vertical edges, i.e. there shall be a free edge at each vertical end of the test construction. For rigid standard supporting constructions the wall shall be erected with no freedom to distort perpendicular to the plane of the wall along the vertical edges, i.e. it shall be fixed to the inside of the test frame as in practice. The supporting construction shall be built within a test frame conforming to EN 1363-1. The supporting construction shall be prepared in advance of the mounting of the test specimen leaving an aperture of the desired size, except when it is normally erected in conjunction with the doorset or openable window using appropriate fixing methods. There shall be a minimum zone of supporting construction of 200 mm wide within the furnace opening, each side and over the top of the aperture into which the test specimen is to be fixed. The thickness of the supporting construction may be increased outside of the 200 mm zone. The test construction may incorporate more than one test specimen providing that there is a minimum width of 200 mm supporting construction to separate test specimens within a rigid supporting construction but a minimum width of 300 mm supporting construction to separate test specimens within a flexible or an associated supporting construction and a minimum separation of 200 mm between each test specimen and the edges of the test frame. If the bottom of the doorset or openable window is at floor level in practice, then at the bottom of the aperture continuity of the floor shall be simulated using a floor extension of a solid non-combustible material which has a minimum dimension of 200 mm from the leaf or leaves on each side of the test specimen (i.e. from the exposed and the unexposed face) and which has a density of at least 450 kg/m3 The furnace floor can be regarded as part of the simulation of the floor continuity provided that it is level with the base of the test specimen. If a sill detail is incorporated as part of the doorset or openable window this shall be incorporated within or placed on top of the floor extension. If the doorset or openable window is not to be used at floor level, and provided that it has a frame detail to a

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