Following to [1, 2, 3] having proceeded with the collection of related information, with this Technical Report, further extended information is provided including: - the given EMC problems in the frequency range 2 kHz - 150 kHz, concerning EMC between electrical equipment in general as well as EMC between non-mains communicating equipment / systems (NCE) and mains communicating systems (MCS) as a particular issue - the given situation of related emissions in the grid, with other measurement results - EMI cases and related investigation results - new findings on parameters to be considered when dealing with EMC in this frequency range, in particular related to - the impact of the network impedance and its variation over time on the more or less disturbing effect of emissions in this frequency range - the behaviour of emissions in this frequency range over time and the increasing need for performing also time domain measurements for comprehensively evaluating emissions and their disturbance potential - the actual standardisation situation - needs for the future, concerning - measurement of related emissions - investigation on the impedance of the grid / in installations over time - closing gaps in standardisation - installation guidelines and possibly regulatory measures related to the ageing effect. In light of different positions on and in evaluating related EMC problems, with additional measurement results concerning emission levels in the supply network and results from investigations of additional proven EMI cases, the given problems are highlighted in more detail and recommendations for what to do in the future are provided.

  • Technical report
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This Technical Report is based on two Study Reports of CLC/SC 205A, having been worked out by their Task Force EMI [1a][1b] and provides the results and findings of these documents. It was created with the help and input from a broad range of involved stakeholders: network operators, equipment manufacturers, universities, accredited test houses and consultants. Beside the actual standardization situation it reflects the current emission situation found in supply networks and installations and describes electromagnetic interference (EMI) cases from twelve countries; investigation and analysis of the latter show a wide range of different types of electrical devices to be considered as a source or a victim of related EMI. This Technical Report highlights the occurrence of high levels of non-intentional emissions (NIE) in the considered frequency range, including values up to and exceeding the standardized limits for intentional signals from mains communicating systems (MCS), which also implies a high potential to cause EMI to other electrical equipment. On the other hand, several types of equipment show susceptibility to related emissions, being insufficiently immune. The Technical Report addresses the following issues: - a number of different types of electrical equipment are generating such emissions and/or are susceptible, to such, thus representing EMI potential, as a source or a victim of such EMI; - the interaction of electrical equipment in a certain supply area respectively installation, with its complex and volatile impedance character, as having an additional EMI potential; that besides NIE from general electrical equipment and signals from MCS and technically being quite different from emissions; - the fact that besides the conducted interference also radiated interference from NIE or signals from MCS, through the magnetic H-field following to related currents on the mains, is to be considered, what is of some importance also for the interference-free operation of broadcast time-signal systems or electronic circuits controlled by such; - the ageing of electronic components in electric equipment, which causes increased emissions and EMI to other electrical equipment as a result of not showing the same EMC characteristics as before being placed on the market, therefore no longer being able to conform with EMC requirements; - the additional aspect of differential mode operation, which should be considered for related immunity and testing specifications. These findings confirm that EMI in this frequency range is not limited to single types of equipment like inverters or MCS; instead a more general electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) problem concerning a larger spectrum of electrical equipment is identified. Although a case-by-case mitigation of related EMI cases might be seen as appropriate, the increasing application of technologies and systems with related EMI potential requires a more general solution, through standardization, taking a balanced viewpoint of EMC and economics into account. With regard to the actual standardization situation, a review of the actual EMC and Product standards based on the reported results seems to be advisable. After initiating the work in CLC/SC 205A, the now ongoing work in IEC SC 77A, as well as the publication of a related Technical Report on testing electricity meters [2] by CLC/TC 13 and of the new Immunity testing standard EN 61000-4-19 [99], appear as right steps into the right direction but needing further, extended efforts. As stated on European as well as on international EMC standardization level, the availability of compatibility levels for the considered frequency range appears as a key-requirement for future considerations on setting related emission limits and immunity requirements in various standards. A fundamental basis for the co-existence of intentional signals from MCS and NIE needs to be found.

  • Technical report
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This standard applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range 3 kHz to 148,5 kHz to transmit information on low voltage electrical systems, either on the public electricity distribution network or within installations in consumers’ premises. It specifies the frequency bands allocated to the different applications, limits for the terminal output voltage in the operating band and limits for conducted and radiated disturbance. It also gives the methods of measurement. It does not specify the modulation methods, the coding methods or functional features (except those for the prevention of mutual interference). Environmental requirements and tests are not included. NOTE 1 Compliance with this standard does not imply permission to establish communication with locations outside the consumer’s installation or with other consumers through the public electricity distribution network where this would not otherwise be allowed. The object of the standard is to limit mutual influence between transmission equipment in electrical installations and between such equipment and other equipment. In addition this standard is intended to limit interference caused by signal transmission equipment to sensitive electronic equipment. However, complete freedom from such interference cannot be assured. NOTE 2 Designers should consider signalling systems in conformance with this standard when determining immunity for electrical equipment.

  • Standard
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This Technical Report applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range 1,6 MHz to 30 MHz to transmit information on low voltage electrical systems, either on the public supply system or within installations in consumers’ premises. It is a Technical Report covering the different standards for HF Power Line produced by SC205A. It points to related documents about: -frequency bands, coexistence and filters; -limits for the terminal output levels in the operating band; -limits for conducted and radiated disturbance (product & installation EMC); -measurement methods. It does not specify the signal modulation methods nor the coding methods nor functional features. Environmental requirements and tests are not included. The requirements have been selected so as to ensure an adequate level of EMC and EMI for all apparatus (e.g. including residential, commercial, light industrial and industrial premises). The severity levels required by this Technical Report may not cover extreme cases which may occur in any location but with a low probability of occurrence. In special cases situations will arise where the level of disturbances may exceed the levels specified in this Technical Report (e.g. where a hand-held transmitter is used in proximity to an apparatus). In these instances special mitigation measures may be required.

  • Technical report
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This standard applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range 1,6 MHz to 30 MHz to transmit information on low voltage electrical systems, either on the public supply system or within installations in consumers’ premises. It does not specify the signal modulation methods nor the coding methods nor functional features. Environmental requirements and tests are not included. The immunity requirements have been selected so as to ensure an adequate level of immunity for apparatus at residential, commercial and light industrial premises (Class 1 environment), and industrial premises supplied from a dedicated HV/MV or MV/LV transformers (Class 2 environment). The severity levels required by this standard may not cover extreme cases which may occur in any location but with a low probability of occurrence. In special cases situations will arise where the level of disturbances may exceed the levels specified in this standard (e.g. where a hand-held transmitter is used in proximity to an apparatus). In these instances special mitigation measures may be required.

  • Standard
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This European product safety standard applies to the filter part of portable devices for household and similar uses (hereafter referred to as portable decoupling filters) consisting of the filter part, a plug or an appliance inlet or a provision for connection by terminals or with a non-rewirable cord and one (multiple) socket-outlet or an appliance outlet. They are intended for single-phase circuits for nominal currents not exceeding 16 A and for nominal voltages not exceeding 250 V a.c. to neutral operating in the frequency range 3 kHz to 148,5 kHz and from 1,6 MHz to 30 MHz. The filtering functions are described in EN 50065-4-1. This standard does not cover phase couplers. Portable decoupling filters shall not be used as part of the fixed installation, where EN 50065-4-2 applies. Plugs and socket-outlets connected to the filter part and plugs and socket-outlets integrated with the filter part shall comply with the relevant national standard(s). Appliance inlets and appliance outlets connected to the filter part shall comply with the relevant parts of the EN 60320 series. Appliance inlets and appliance outlets integrated with the filter parts are not covered by this standard. This standard can be used for portable mains communication devices when no other product standard exists. This standard can be used for other portable mains filters other than those described in EN 50065-4-1 when no other product standard exists. Filters including batteries are not covered by this standard.

  • Standard
    48 pages
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This European Standard applies to phase couplers in a mains communication system for phase to neutral voltage not exceeding 250 V a.c. and a nominal current not exceeding 125 A, intended for household and similar fixed installation including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings. This European Standard applies to phase couplers used to control the coupling of communication signals between phases or sections of a mains communication system. A “phase coupler” may be used to achieve coupling between the phases of a multiphase installation, or to provide bridging of signals around other system components. The standard defines  the requirements to ensure a minimum coupling between the sections, and  the requirements to ensure no change on the safety of the electrical installation.

  • Standard
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This standard applies to segmentation filters in a mains communication system used for single or multiphase installations having a phase to neutral voltage not exceeding 250 V a.c. and a nominal current not exceeding 125 A, intended for household and similar fixed installation including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings and utility networks. These filters (see Figure 1) are used to control the coupling of signals between two areas of a mains communication system. The standard defines -the minimum impedance in the relevant frequency range(s) at both ports, -the minimum attenuation of signals transmitted between port.

  • Standard
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This standard applies to incoming filters used to control the coupling of signals between the utility area and the consumer area (see Figure 1). The standard defines • the minimum impedance in the relevant frequency band(s) at both Utility port and Consumer port, • the minimum attenuation of unwanted signals transmitted from the utility side to the consumer side and vice versa, • the transmission characteristics: - operating frequency domain for both utility side and consumer side, - attenuation between the utility side and the consumer side and vice versa, - impedance at the utility side and at the consumer side. This standard applies to incoming filters designed for and used in single or multiphase installations.

  • Standard
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This standard applies to impedance filters in a mains communication system for phase to neutral voltage not exceeding 250 V a.c. and a nominal current not exceeding 125 A, intended for household and similar fixed installation including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings. This standard also applies to "plug-in filters". These filters (see Figure 1) are used to set a suitable impedance, in the nominal frequency range of the mains signalling system, at any point of the low voltage mains network where a low impedance equipment is connected, in order to allow reliable operation of mains signalling system. These impedance filters can be used either in utility or consumer networks. They may also be used in conjunction with incoming filters and segmentation filters.

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This standard applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range 95 kHz to 148,5 kHz to transmit or receive information on low voltage electrical systems, residential, commercial and light industrial environments. In the case of equipment which includes functions other than the transmission or reception of information on low voltage electrical supplies, this standard applies only to that part of the equipment intended for such transmission or reception of information. Other parts of the equipment shall comply with the immunity standard or standards relevant to the functions of those other parts. In the event of tests being specified in those other standards of a different severity and where the construction of the equipment is such that the functions cannot be tested separately, the higher severity shall apply to all affected functions. The object of this standard is to limit mutual influence between mains communication equipment and systems (MCES) operating in different frequency bands as defined in EN 50065-1 and to contribute to ensuring Electromagnetic Compatibility in general. It specifies essential immunity requirements and test methods, including those tests which are to be performed during type-testing of MCES on low-voltage installations, for electromagnetic interference in general and more specific interference coming from other MCES. It therefore defines the immunity test requirements for apparatus in relation to continuous and transient disturbances, both conducted and radiated, and electrostatic discharges. Test requirements are specified for each port considered. This standard gives limits which are applicable to products operating in residential, commercial and light industrial environments. The levels do not however cover extreme cases which may occur in any location but with a low probability of occurrence. In special cases situations will arise where the level of disturbances may exceed the levels specified in this standard e.g. where a hand-held transmitter is used in proximity to an apparatus. In these instances special mitigation measures may have to be employed. It does not specify immunity between mains communication systems operating in the same band (as defined in EN 50065-1) or immunity to signals originating from Power Line Carrier systems operating on high or medium voltage networks. Safety considerations are not included in this standard.

  • Standard
    15 pages
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This standard applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range 3 kHz to 95 kHz to transmit or receive information on low voltage electrical systems, for electricity suppliers and distributors. In the case of equipment which includes functions other than the transmission or reception of information on low voltage electrical supplies, this standard applies only to that part of the equipment intended for such transmission or reception of information. Other parts of the equipment shall comply with the immunity standard or standards relevant to the functions of those other parts. In the event of tests being specified in those other standards of a different severity and where the construction of the equipment is such that the functions cannot be tested separately, the higher severity shall apply to all affected functions. The object of this standard is to limit mutual influence between mains communication equipment and systems (MCES) operating in different frequency bands as defined in EN 50065-1 and to contribute to ensuring electromagnetic compatibility in general. It specifies essential immunity requirements and test methods, including those tests which are to be performed during typetesting of MCES on low-voltage installations, for electromagnetic interference in general and more specific interference coming from other MCES. It therefore defines the immunity test requirements for apparatus in relation to continuous and transient disturbances, both conducted and radiated, and electrostatic discharges. Test requirements are specified for each port considered. This standard gives limits which are applicable to products operating in the public supply network, operated by electricity utilities. The levels do not however cover extreme cases which may occur in any location but with a low probability of occurrence. In special cases situations will arise where the level of disturbances may exceed the levels specified in this standard e.g. where a hand-held transmitter is used in proximity to an apparatus. In these instances special mitigation measures may have to be employed. It does not specify immunity between mains communication systems operating in the same band (as defined in EN 50065-1) or immunity to signals originating from power line carrier systems operating on high or medium voltage networks. Safety considerations are not included in this standard.

  • Standard
    16 pages
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This standard applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range 95 kHz to 148,5 kHz to transmit or receive information on low voltage electrical systems, in industrial environments. In the case of equipment which includes functions other than the transmission or reception of information on low voltage electrical supplies, this standard applies only to that part of the equipment intended for such transmission or reception of information. Other parts of the equipment shall comply with the immunity standard or standards relevant to the functions of those other parts. In the event of tests being specified in those other standards of a different severity and where the construction of the equipment is such that the functions cannot be tested separately, the higher severity shall apply to all affected functions. The object of this standard is to limit mutual influence between mains communication equipment and systems (MCES) operating in different frequency bands as defined in EN 50065-1 and to contribute to ensuring electromagnetic compatibility in general. It specifies essential immunity requirements and test methods, including those tests which are to be performed during typetesting of MCES on low-voltage installations, for electromagnetic interference in general and more specific interference coming from other MCES. It therefore defines the immunity test requirements for apparatus in relation to continuous and transient disturbances, both conducted and radiated, and electrostatic discharges. Test requirements are specified for each port considered. This standard gives limits which are applicable to products operating in industrial environments. The levels do not however cover extreme cases which may occur in any location but with a low probability of occurrence. In special cases situations will arise where the level of disturbances may exceed the levels specified in this standard e.g. where a hand-held transmitter is used in proximity to an apparatus. In these instances special mitigation measures may have to be employed. It does not specify immunity between mains communication systems operating in the same band (as defined in EN 50065-1) or immunity to signals originating from power line carrier systems operating on high or medium voltage networks.

  • Standard
    16 pages
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This standard applies to electrical equipment, excluding decoupling filters, using signals in the frequency range 3 kHz to 148,5 kHz for data transmission on low voltage electrical networks, either on the public supply network or within installations in consumers' premises. It specifies requirements for mains communication equipment with respect to the load impedance of the mains. It does not specify the impedance of external components that are not necessary for the normal functioning of the communication equipment.

  • Standard
    23 pages
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This product safety standard applies to electrical equipment, such as decoupling filters and phase couplers in a mains communication system for a phase to neutral voltage not exceeding AC 250 V and a nominal current not exceeding 125 A, intended for household and similar fixed-electrical installations including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings

  • Standard
    30 pages
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This standard applies to decoupling filters installed on the low voltage mains network and operating in the frequency range 3 kHz to 148,5 kHz on low voltage mains network. It does not apply to general purpose filters for EMI suppression. It does not apply to protocol dependant devices except physical layer (frequency). It does not apply to filters incorporated in household equipment for example: washing machines and coffee machines. It specifies the impedance and the transfer function definitions, requirements and test methods of the decoupling filter and some other requirements for example Voltage Drop, Leakage Current and Form Factor. The impedance and the transfer function are referred to the decoupling filter mains power ports (ref. Figure 1). The use of the decoupling filter is considered optional; additional rules or obligations may exist that are outside the scope of this standard. The safety requirements related to decoupling filters are not covered in this standard. They are covered in an other part of the EN 50065 set of standards

  • Standard
    17 pages
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This document applies to incoming filters used to control the coupling of signals between the utility area and the consumer area, as illustrated in Figure 1. This document defines: — the minimum impedance in the relevant frequency band(s) at both utility port and consumer port, — the minimum attenuation of unwanted signals transmitted from the utility side to the consumer side and vice versa. This document applies to incoming filters designed for single or multiphase installations. [Figure 1 - The application of incoming filter]

  • Draft
    6 pages
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This product safety standard applies to the filter part of portable devices for household and similar uses consisting of the filter part, a plug or an appliance inlet or a provision for connection by terminals or with a non-rewirable cord and a socket-outlet or an appliance outlet. They are intended for single-phase circuits for nominal currents not exceeding 16 A and for nominal voltages not exceeding 250 V a.c.. This standard does not cover phase couplers. Filters including batteries are not covered by this standard.

  • Draft
    50 pages
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This document applies to impedance filters in a mains communication system, intended for utility networks or household and similar fixed installation including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings. These filters are used to set a suitable impedance, in the nominal frequency range of the mains signalling system, at any point of the low voltage mains network where a low impedance equipment is connected, as shown in Figure 1, in order to allow reliable operation of the mains signalling system. Impedance filters can be used either in utility or consumer networks. They can also be used in conjunction with incoming filters and segmentation filters. [Figure 1 - The application of impedance filters]

  • Draft
    6 pages
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This document applies to decoupling filters installed on the low voltage mains network and operating in the frequency range 3 kHz to 148,5 kHz. It does not apply to EMI suppression filters incorporated in household equipment or other general electric equipment. It specifies the definitions, requirements and test methods of the functional, technical and environmental characteristics of the decoupling filter, e.g. impedance, transfer function, voltage drop, leakage current and power dissipation. The impedance and the transfer function are referred to the decoupling filter mains power ports (see Figure 1).

  • Draft
    14 pages
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This document applies to segmentation filters in a mains communication system intended for utility networks or household and similar fixed installation including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings. These filters are used to control the coupling of signals between two areas of a mains communication system, as illustrated in Figure 1. This document defines in the relevant frequency range: — the minimum impedance at both ports of the filter, — the minimum attenuation of signals transmitted between the ports of the filter. [Figure 1 - Application of segmentation filters]

  • Draft
    6 pages
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This document applies to phase couplers in a mains communication system intended for utility networks or household and similar fixed installation including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings. Phase couplers are used to control the coupling of communication signals between phases or sections of a mains communication system. This document defines — the requirements to ensure a minimum coupling between the phases or sections of a mains communication system, and — the requirements to ensure no change on the safety of the electrical installation.

  • Draft
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This product safety standard applies to decoupling filters in a mains communication system intended for utility networks or household and similar fixed-electrical installations including residential, commercial and light industrial buildings.

  • Draft
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This European Standard applies to electrical equipment using signals in the [2-4 MHz] frequency range to transmit information on low voltage electrical systems/networks within installations in consumers’ premises for residential, commercial and light industrial environments. The purpose of this European Standard is to describe a mechanism to limit mutual interferences between equipments operating in the [2-4 MHz] frequency band and to specify the way systems share the same band. It does not specify the signal modulation methods nor the coding methods or functional features (except those preventing mutual interference in the same band). Applications complying with this coexistence standard may offer low rate (lower than 1 Mb/s) services in home and building automation, street lighting control. This European Standard covers typical applications such as energy efficiency, real-time displays of metering information, general command and control, home automation. This European Standard does not cover high rate communication (higher than 1 Mb/s) applications such as Video or Internet networking. This European Standard does not cover Output Voltage Levels.

  • Draft
    14 pages
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This standard applies to electrical equipment using signals in the frequency range 3 kHz to 148,5 kHz to transmit information on low voltage electrical systems, either on the public supply system or within installations in consumers' premises. It specifies the frequency bands allocated to the different applications, limits for the terminal output voltage in the operating band and limits for conducted and radiated disturbance. It also gives the methods of measurement. It does not specify the signal modulation methods nor the coding methods nor functional features (except those for the prevention of mutual interference) . Environmental requirements and tests are not included. Note: In most countries the transmission of information is subject to regulation. Compliance with this standard does not imply permission to establish communication with locations outside the consumer' s installation or with other consumers through the public supply system where this would not otherwise be allowed.

  • Standard
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