Operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment containing flammable refrigerants, complementing existing standards

This document provides technical specifications for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment containing flammable refrigerants, in particular from class A3, complementing existing standards.
Refrigerants from toxicity class B are excluded from this scope.
This document includes risk mitigation measures not yet addressed in existing standards for specific refrigerant classes, or not fully reflecting the state of the art, and establishes complementary technical specifications for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning.
The following aspects are considered:
- explosive atmosphere workplace and equipment;
NOTE Further information can be found in Directive 99/92/EC (ATEX Workplace Directive) and Directive 2014/34/EU (ATEX Equipment Directive).
- good practice for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning, including tools and personal protection;
- risk mitigation methods;
- risk assessments;
- competence of personnel;
- health and safety of personnel;
- location of the equipment.

Betrieb, Wartung, Instandhaltung, Reparatur und Außerbetriebnahme von Kälte-, Klima- und Wärmepumpenanlagen, die brennbare Kältemittel enthalten, zur Ergänzung bestehender Normen

Exploitation, entretien, maintenance, réparation et mise hors service d'équipements de réfrigération, de climatisation et de pompes à chaleur contenant des fluides frigorigènes inflammables, en complément des normes existantes

Le présent document fournit des spécifications techniques pour l’exploitation, l’entretien, la maintenance, la réparation et la mise hors service d’équipements de réfrigération, de climatisation et de pompes à chaleur contenant des fluides frigorigènes inflammables, en particulier de classe A3, en complément des normes existantes.
Les fluides frigorigènes de classe de toxicité B sont exclus du présent domaine d’application.
Le présent document inclut des mesures d’atténuation du risque non encore abordées dans les normes existantes pour des classes de fluides frigorigènes spécifiques, ou ne reflétant pas pleinement l’état de l’art, et établit des spécifications techniques complémentaires pour l’exploitation, l’entretien, la maintenance, la réparation et la mise hors service.
Les aspects suivants sont considérés :
- lieu de travail où peuvent se former des atmosphères explosives et équipements correspondants ;
NOTE D’autres informations peuvent être trouvées dans la Directive 99/92/CE (Directive Lieux de travail ATEX) et la Directive 2014/34/UE (Équipements ATEX).
- bonnes pratiques pour l’exploitation, l’entretien, la maintenance, la réparation et la mise hors service, y compris outils et protection personnelle ;
- méthodes d’atténuation du risque ;
- appréciations du risque ;
- compétence du personnel ;
- santé et sécurité du personnel ;
- emplacement de l’équipement.

Obratovanje, servisiranje, vzdrževanje, popravilo in razgradnja opreme za hlajenje, klimatizacijo in toplotne črpalke, ki vsebuje vnetljiva hladilna sredstva, za dopolnitev obstoječih standardov

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6531 - Announcement (DOA) - Implementation
Due Date
30-Jun-2021
Completion Date
30-Jun-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
01-maj-2021

Obratovanje, servisiranje, vzdrževanje, popravilo in razgradnja opreme za hlajenje,

klimatizacijo in toplotne črpalke, ki vsebuje vnetljiva hladilna sredstva, za
dopolnitev obstoječih standardov

Operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning of refrigeration, air

conditioning and heat pump equipment containing flammable refrigerants,
complementing existing standards

Betrieb, Wartung, Instandhaltung, Reparatur und Außerbetriebnahme von Kälte-, Klima-

und Wärmepumpenanlagen, die brennbare Kältemittel enthalten, zur Ergänzung
bestehender Normen

Exploitation, entretien, maintenance, réparation et mise hors service d'équipements de

réfrigération, de climatisation et de pompes à chaleur contenant des réfrigérants

inflammables, en complément des normes existantes
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 17607:2021
ICS:
23.080 Črpalke Pumps
27.200 Hladilna tehnologija Refrigerating technology
91.140.30 Prezračevalni in klimatski Ventilation and air-
sistemi conditioning systems
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
CEN/TS 17607
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
March 2021
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 23.080; 27.200; 91.140.30
English Version
Operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and
decommissioning of refrigeration, air conditioning and
heat pump equipment containing flammable refrigerants,
complementing existing standards

Exploitation, entretien, maintenance, réparation et Betrieb, Wartung, Instandhaltung, Reparatur und

mise hors service d'équipements de réfrigération, de Außerbetriebnahme von Kälte-, Klima- und

climatisation et de pompes à chaleur contenant des Wärmepumpenanlagen, die brennbare Kältemittel

réfrigérants inflammables, en complément des normes enthalten, zur Ergänzung bestehender Normen

existantes

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 1 February 2021 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 17607:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
CEN/TS 17607:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 General................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5 Operation ........................................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Maintenance, servicing, and repair .......................................................................................................... 8

7 Location of equipment .................................................................................................................................. 9

8 Marking of the site .......................................................................................................................................... 9

9 Decommissioning and dismantling .......................................................................................................... 9

10 Competence ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
CEN/TS 17607:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN/TS 17607:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 182

“Refrigerating systems, safety and environmental requirements”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
CEN/TS 17607:2021 (E)
Introduction

The adoption of refrigerants with low Global Warming Potential, in response to concerns about the

effect of some fluorocarbons on climate, has raised the profile of fluids which were previously limited in

their use due to flammability. As the industry moves towards greater use of low GWP flammable

refrigerants, in particular from flammability class A3, it is important to ensure that operation, service

and decommissioning practices also change to support this technology transition.

The need for technical specifications for all stakeholders in operation and service is particularly

important.

The purpose of this document is to provide information to ensure acceptable risk levels when applying

flammable refrigerants.

This document therefore provides technical specifications to the companies and individuals directly

involved in activities at the worksite; the owner, his operational staff that provide routine maintenance,

subcontractors that undertake specialist service work of various types and decommissioning

contractors.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
CEN/TS 17607:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document provides technical specifications for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and

decommissioning of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment containing flammable

refrigerants, in particular from class A3, complementing existing standards.
Refrigerants from toxicity class B are excluded from this scope.

This document includes risk mitigation measures not yet addressed in existing standards for specific

refrigerant classes, or not fully reflecting the state of the art, and establishes complementary technical

specifications for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning.

The following aspects are considered:
— explosive atmosphere workplace and equipment;

NOTE Further information can be found in Directive 99/92/EC (ATEX Workplace Directive) and Directive

2014/34/EU (ATEX Equipment Directive).

— good practice for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning, including

tools and personal protection;
— risk mitigation methods;
— risk assessments;
— competence of personnel;
— health and safety of personnel;
— location of the equipment.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 378-1:2016+A1:2020, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Safety and environmental requirements

- Part 1: Basic requirements, definitions, classification and selection criteria

EN 378-4:2016+A1:2019, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Safety and environmental requirements

- Part 4: Operation, maintenance, repair and recovery

EN ISO 22712:— , Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Competence of personnel (ISO/DIS 22712)

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 378-1:2016+A1:2020,

EN ISO 22712:— and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

Under preparation: Stage at the time of publication: prEN ISO 22712:2018.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
CEN/TS 17607:2021 (E)
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
maintenance

act of keeping a piece of equipment in good condition by checking or repairing it regularly

3.2
servicing
act of checking and repairing a piece of equipment to keep it in good condition
3.3
repair
act of fixing a piece of equipment that is broken or damaged
3.4
equipment

single apparatus or set of devices or apparatuses, or the set of main devices of an installation, or all

devices necessary to perform a specific task
[Source: IEV 151-11-25]
3.5
risk analysis

systematic use of available information to identify hazards and to estimate the risk

3.6
risk assessment
overall process comprising a risk analysis and a risk evaluation
3.7
risk evaluation

procedure based on the risk analysis to determine whether tolerable risk has been exceeded

3.8
risk mitigation measure
action or means to eliminate hazards or reduce risks

EXAMPLE Inherently safe design; protective devices; personal protective equipment; information for use and

installation; organization of work; training; application of equipment; supervision.

3.9
safety
freedom from risk which is not tolerable
3.10
tolerable risk

level of risk that is accepted in a given context based on the current values of society

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this document, the terms “acceptable risk” and “tolerable risk” are considered

to be synonymous.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17607:2021
CEN/TS 17607:2021 (E)
3.11
operator

natural or legal person exercising actual power over the technical functioning of products and

equipment; the owner can be designated as being responsible for the operator’s obligations

4 General
The instructions shall be followed for the operation, servicing, mai
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
01-december-2020

Obratovanje, servisiranje, vzdrževanje, popravilo in razgradnja opreme za hlajenje,

klimatizacijo in toplotne črpalke, ki vsebuje vnetljiva hladilna sredstva, za
dopolnitev obstoječih standardov

Operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning of refrigeration, air

conditioning and heat pump equipment containing flammable refrigerants,
complementing existing standards

Betrieb, Wartung, Instandhaltung, Reparatur und Außerbetriebnahme von Kälte-, Klima-

und Wärmepumpenanlagen, die brennbare Kältemittel enthalten, zur Ergänzung
bestehender Normen

Exploitation, entretien, maintenance, réparation et mise hors service d'équipements de

réfrigération, de climatisation et de pompes à chaleur contenant des réfrigérants

inflammables, en complément des normes existantes
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprCEN/TS 17607
ICS:
23.080 Črpalke Pumps
27.200 Hladilna tehnologija Refrigerating technology
91.140.30 Prezračevalni in klimatski Ventilation and air-
sistemi conditioning systems
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
FINAL DRAFT
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
FprCEN/TS 17607
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
October 2020
ICS 23.080; 27.200; 91.140.30
English Version
Operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and
decommissioning of refrigeration, air conditioning and
heat pump equipment containing flammable refrigerants,
complementing existing standards

Exploitation, entretien, maintenance, réparation et Betrieb, Wartung, Instandhaltung, Reparatur und

mise hors service d'équipements de réfrigération, de Außerbetriebnahme von Kälte-, Klima- und

climatisation et de pompes à chaleur contenant des Wärmepumpenanlagen, die brennbare Kältemittel

réfrigérants inflammables, en complément des normes enthalten, zur Ergänzung bestehender Normen

existantes

This draft Technical Specification is submitted to CEN members for Vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 182.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a Technical Specification. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change

without notice and shall not be referred to as a Technical Specification.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 General................................................................................................................................................................ 7

5 Operation ........................................................................................................................................................... 7

6 Maintenance, servicing, and repair .......................................................................................................... 8

7 Location of equipment .................................................................................................................................. 9

8 Marking of the site .......................................................................................................................................... 9

9 Decommissioning and dismantling .......................................................................................................... 9

10 Competence ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (FprCEN/TS 17607:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 182

“Refrigerating systems, safety and environmental requirements”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the Vote on TS.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 (E)
Introduction

The adoption of refrigerants with low Global Warming Potential, in response to concerns about the

effect of some fluorocarbons on climate, has raised the profile of fluids which were previously limited in

their use due to flammability. As the industry moves towards greater use of low GWP flammable

refrigerants, in particular from flammability class A3, it is important to ensure that operation, service

and decommissioning practices also change to support this technology transition.

The need for technical specifications for all stakeholders in operation and service is particularly

important.

The purpose of this document is to provide information to ensure acceptable risk levels when applying

flammable refrigerants.

This document therefore provides technical specifications to the companies and individuals directly

involved in activities at the worksite; the owner, his operational staff that provide routine maintenance,

subcontractors that undertake specialist service work of various types and decommissioning

contractors.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document provides technical specifications for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and

decommissioning of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment containing flammable

refrigerants, in particular from class A3, complementing existing standards.
Refrigerants from toxicity class B are excluded from this scope.

This document includes risk mitigation measures not yet addressed in existing standards for specific

refrigerant classes, or not fully reflecting the state of the art, and establishes complementary technical

specifications for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning, .

The following aspects are considered:
— explosive atmosphere workplace and equipment;

NOTE Further information can be found in Directive 99/92/EC (ATEX Workplace Directive) and

Directive 2014/34/EU (ATEX Equipment Directive).

— good practice for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and decommissioning, including

tools and personal protection;
— risk mitigation methods;
— risk assessments;
— competence of personnel;
— health and safety of personnel;
— location of the equipment.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 378-1:2016, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Safety and environmental requirements - Part 1:

Basic requirements, definitions, classification and selection criteria

EN 378-4:2016+A1:2019, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Safety and environmental requirements

- Part 4: Operation, maintenance, repair and recovery

prEN ISO 22712:2018, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Competence of personnel

(ISO/DIS 22712:2018)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 378-1:2016,

prEN ISO 22712:2018 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 (E)
3.1
maintenance

act of keeping a piece of equipment in good condition by checking or repairing it regularly

3.2
servicing
act of checking and repairing a piece of equipment to keep it in good condition
3.3
repair
act of fixing a piece of equipment that is broken or damaged
3.4
equipment

single apparatus or set of devices or apparatuses, or the set of main devices of an installation, or all

devices necessary to perform a specific task
[Source: IEV 151-11-25]
3.5
risk analysis

systematic use of available information to identify hazards and to estimate the risk

3.6
risk assessment
overall process comprising a risk analysis and a risk evaluation
3.7
risk evaluation

procedure based on the risk analysis to determine whether tolerable risk has been exceeded

3.8
risk mitigation measure
action or means to eliminate hazards or reduce risks

EXAMPLE Inherently safe design; protective devices; personal protective equipment; information for use and

installation; organization of work; training; application of equipment; supervision.

3.9
safety
freedom from risk which is not tolerable
3.10
tolerable risk

level of risk that is accepted in a given context based on the current values of society

Note 1 to entry: For the purposes of this document, the terms “acceptable risk” and “tolerable risk” are considered

to be synonymous
3.11
operator

natural or legal person exercising actual power over the technical functioning of products and

equipment; the owner can be designated as being responsible for the operator’s obligations

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
kSIST-TS FprCEN/TS 17607:2020
FprCEN/TS 17607:2020 (E)
4 General

The instructions supplied shall be followed for the operation, servicing, maintenance, repair and

decommissioning of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment.

The manufacturer and the installer of the equipment transfer the responsibilities for the equipment to

the operator, according to the contract conditions between those parties.
The operator also assumes the responsibilities of the manufacturer when:
— the intended function of the equipment, already placed on the EU m
...

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