Temporary works equipment - Recommendations for achieving health and safety

This Technical Report sets out recommendations for achieving acceptable levels of health and safety with temporary works equipment intended for use during construction or maintenance of buildings and other permanent structures. Its recommendations should be considered when writing standards for designing and producing temporary works equipment under CEN/TC 53.

Temporäre Konstruktionen für Bauwerke - Empfehlungen zur Wahrung von Gesundheit und Sicherheit

Dieser Technische Bericht enthält Empfehlungen zum Schutz der Gesundheit und Sicherheit beim Einsatz Temporärer Arbeitseinrichtungen für die Errichtung oder Wartung von Gebäuden und anderen Bauwerken. Dieser Bericht ist für Konstrukteure und Hersteller gedacht. Seine Empfehlungen sollten für Konstruktion und Herstellung Temporärer Arbeitseinrichtungen im Rahmen von CEN/TC 53 berücksichtigt werden.

Equipements pour travaux temporaires - Recommandations pour assurer la santé et la sécurité

Oprema za začasna dela - Priporočila za varovanje zdravja in varnost

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-Apr-2007
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
03-Mar-2020
Completion Date
04-Mar-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15563:2007
01-september-2007
2SUHPD]D]DþDVQDGHOD3ULSRURþLOD]DYDURYDQMH]GUDYMDLQYDUQRVW
Temporary works equipment - Recommendations for achieving health and safety
Temporäre Konstruktionen für Bauwerke - Empfehlungen zur Wahrung von Gesundheit
und Sicherheit

Equipements pour travaux temporaires - Recommandations pour assurer la santé et la

sécurité
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 15563:2007
ICS:
13.100 Varnost pri delu. Industrijska Occupational safety.
higiena Industrial hygiene
91.220 Gradbena oprema Construction equipment
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15563:2007 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN/TR 15563:2007
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 15563:2007
TECHNICAL REPORT
CEN/TR 15563
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
April 2007
ICS 13.100; 91.010.99
English Version
Temporary works equipment - Recommendations for achieving
health and safety

Equipements pour travaux temporaires - Temporäre Konstruktionen für Bauwerke - Empfehlungen

Recommandations pour assurer la santé et la sécurité zur Wahrung von Gesundheit und Sicherheit

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 15 January 2007. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 53.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2007 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 15563:2007: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................5

2 References..............................................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................5

4 General recommendations for achieving acceptable levels of health and safety..........................6

5 Particular recommendations for achieving acceptable levels of health and safety.......................7

6 Recommendations for particular equipment ....................................................................................12

7 Recommendations for particular components.................................................................................12

Annex A (normative) Information on manual handling................................................................................15

Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................................16

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Foreword

This document (CEN/TR 15563:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 53 “Temporary

works equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This Working Group was given a mandate to write a Technical Report (TR) in Prague in 2001 by CEN/TC 53,

the Secretariat of which is held by DIN.
No existing European document is superseded.

A Technical Report is an informative document made available by CEN in at least one of the official languages.

A Technical Report is established and approved by a CEN technical body (CEN Technical Committee,

Technical Board or BTTF) by a simple majority vote of CEN national members.

A Technical Report gives information on the technical content of standardization work.

No time limit is specified for the lifetime of Technical Reports, but it is recommended that Technical Reports

be regularly reviewed by the responsible technical body to ensure that they remain valid.

Representatives from the relevant safety authorities from Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden,

Switzerland, Norway and the United Kingdom drew up this document. In accordance with the advice of

CEN/TC 53, convenors of working groups are asked to take into consideration the recommendations for

health and safety contained herein. Therefore, CEN/TC 53 intends that this document should be used as a

reference to ensure that, whenever it is practicable to do so, the recommendations for health and safety

should be incorporated into the requirements of the European Standards dealing with temporary works

equipment.

In drafting this Technical Report, the Technical Group recognised that as the boundaries for the expectations

of society and the technical state-of-the-art are continually being advanced, there was a need to remind

designers, manufacturers and users of temporary works equipment of this fact. Consequently, the concept of

“as far as social and technical developments require” [3.2] has been introduced as an overarching principle in

the development of temporary works equipment.

CEN/TC 53 working groups should give careful consideration to the guiding principles set out in this report.

However, if not, an explanation should be given along with advice about methods to avoid risk of injury.

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Introduction

Temporary works equipment makes a vital contribution to the construction of the works in many areas, e.g.,

on any building or construction project, because it provides:
 means for allowing workers to reach a workplace at height;
 work platform at height;
 temporary support, while the permanent works develops its strength.

Where temporary works equipment is used to support the permanent works in a weakened state, the main

consideration is strength. However, when it is also used as the means for providing access to the workplace at

height, there are other considerations, which should be taken into account. Temporary works equipment

should:
 be strong enough;
 be intrinsically safe;

 provide a comfortable work platform, which allows good ergonomic work positions;

 make erection and dismantling a safer process;

 when used and maintained correctly, (in accordance with the manufacturers instructions), have no

adverse effects on their health through working with it; and

 inspire confidence about their safety and health in workers erecting, dismantling and using it so that work

can progress expeditiously.

It is important to ensure that convenors of working groups drawing up European Standards for temporary

works equipment are aware of these requirements, which could contribute to safety. In the absence of a

European Directive for temporary works equipment, relevant safety-related information is spread across

several European Directives. Therefore, this Technical Report, which collects together much of this dispersed

information, is meant as a reference document for future working group delegates who, while having the

necessary technical and manufacturing knowledge, may lack the same in-depth knowledge of factors affecting

health and safety.

While this Technical Report asks future working groups to consider a number of questions, it does not

demand that a solution be found when it is technically impossible to do so. Consequently, the over-arching

principle of this report is that design should take account of “social and technical developments”: which is

defined in this Technical Report and has two distinct parts, namely:

i) “Changes in society’s expectations, which initiate changes in working practices …”; which would

be articulated in EU Directives [or national laws] and, as such, would be mandatory; and

ii) “… the advances in technology, which improve the state-of-the-art”; which means when it is

technically feasible to do.
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1 Scope

This Technical Report sets out recommendations for achieving acceptable levels of health and safety with

temporary works equipment intended for use during construction or maintenance of buildings and other

permanent structures. Its recommendations should be considered when writing standards for designing and

producing temporary works equipment under CEN/TC 53.
2 References

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
Council Directive 89/391/EEC, “The Framework Directive”
Council Directive 89/392/EEC, [amended by 91/368], “The Machinery Directive”

Council Directive 89/655/EEC, [Amended by 95/63/EC], “The Work Equipment Directive”

Council Directive 92/57/EEC, “Temporary or Mobile Construction sites Directive”
Council Directive 92/58/EEC, “Safety and/or Health Signs at Work”
Council Directive 01/45 EEC, “Use of Work Equipment by Workers at Work”

Council Directive 86/188/EEC, “Protection of Workers from the risks related to exposure to Noise at Work”

Council Directive 90/269/EEC, “Manual Handling of Machinery and Component Parts of Machinery”

Guide to Good Practice for the use of Work Equipment at Heights — European Commission

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
temporary works equipment (TWE)

equipment, which is provided temporarily as a workplace for people, to enable people to reach a workplace or

for temporarily supporting the permanent works
NOTE The equipment is subsequently dismantled.
3.2
social and technical developments

changes in society’s expectations, which initiate changes in working practices and the advances in technology,

which improve the state-of-the–art
3.3
hazard
existence of situations likely to cause harm
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3.4
risk
probability that a hazard will cause harm
4 General recommendations for achieving acceptable levels of health and safety
4.1 Identifying hazards and limiting the risks

An important first step is to identify and list all the foreseeable hazards [3.3], which could apply to the

temporary works equipment.

It should be possible to fit components and use and maintain temporary works equipment with the risks

reduced to acceptable levels. Any equipment and accessories necessary to achieve this should be supplied.

Under the intended method of erection and dismantling and reasonably foreseeable conditions of use the risk

[3.4] of discomfort, fatigue and psychological stress faced by the worker should be reduced, by design, to

levels dictated by social and technical developments [3.2], taking ergonomic principles into account.

It should be supplied with all instructions necessary to limit the risks [3.4] associated with erection, use and

dismantling.
4.2 Design
Temporary Works Equipment [TWE] should be designed taking into account:
a) social and technical developments [3.2];
b) strength and stability;

c) risk to workers using the temporary works equipment from objects falling from a height;

d) risks to others from objects falling from height;
e) the principles of risk assessment;
f) the necessary or foreseeable use of personal protection equipment;

g) its function so that it can be erected, used, adjusted, maintained and dismantled safely under the

conditions foreseen by the manufacturer or during foreseeable misuse as written in the instruction manual.

Manufacturers instructions should draw attention to ways, which compromise safety, in which it should

not be used;

h) provision of sufficient space to enable workers to carry out their work safely;

i) attachment of the connection devices so that they cannot be removed unintentionally;

j) the problems associated with storage, transportation and handling;
k) its performance in fire.
1) Some common frequent risks are:
 Slipping, tripping and stumbling;

 Overloading with bricks, concrete blocks, bagged products, temporary works equipment components, demolition

rubble are some of the practices that could cause partial or collapse of temporary works.

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4.3 Materials

The materials used in temporary works equipment should not endanger safety or health.

Materials should be durable with respect to the climatic conditions they are required to operate in and robust

enough to withstand damage from handling and transportation.
4.4 Information attached to the equipment

If information relevant to the safe use of temporary works equipment is attached to the equipment it should be

displayed in a prominent place and should remain legible throughout its service life. This does not preclude

renewal of such information.

This information, especially where it is transmitting instructions associated with health and safety, should

ensure that such instructions are unambiguous and understood by all users, e.g., by the use of pictograms as

a convenient universal language.
4.5 Instruction manuals

The instruction manual should be designed so that it can be clearly understood and should at least contain

enough information about erection, use and its limitations, maintenance and dismantling the temporary works

equipment safely.

5 Particular recommendations for achieving acceptable levels of health and safety

5.1 Safety distances and ergonomics

Temporary Works Equipment should be designed taking into account data on human body measurements

and other data to assist in determining dimensions essential for safety distances and ergonomics.

NOTE Some relevant data can be found in European Standards e.g., EN 547 and EN 294.

5.2 Handling
5.2.1 Weight, shape and surface

As far as possible the design of components should minimise manual handling. While social and technical

developments [3.2] permit the manual handling of temporary works equipment, each component part thereof

should be capable of being handled safely. Therefore, components, which have to be handled should:

2) 3) 4)
a) weigh as little as social and technical developments require;

b) be of a shape and dimension(s), which fit comfortably in the hands of the person erecting them;

c) have their centres of gravity located so that it does not require too great a physical effort to control the

movement of the component while handling it; and
2) Council Directive 90/269/EEC gives requirements for Manual Handling.

3) Directive 90/269/EEC is the basis of guidance in many EU countries. Annex A shows a typical method of

interpretation.
4) EN 1005-2 should be consulted for advice on manual handling.
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d) have no protruding sharp edges or surface roughness which could injure any person handling or coming

into contact with them and have an appropriate surface roughness to facilitate handling e.g. when fixing

components and climbing ladders.

Where the component weighs more than 25 kilograms the weight should be clearly marked on the component,

see the advice on markings in 4.4. In every case the weight of every significant component should be

included in the instruction manual .
5.2.2 Adaptations to facilitate mechanical handling

Where the weight, size or shape of temporary works equipment or its various component parts prevents them

from being moved by hand, the component or each part thereof should:
a) either be fitted with attachments for lifting gear; or
b) be designed so that it can be fitted with such attachments; or
c) be shaped in such a way that the lifting gear can easily be attached.
5.3 Ergonomics

Components for temporary works equipment should be designed so that persons can erect and dismantle

them:
a) without handling loads at excessive distances from their trunk;
b) without excessive lifting, dragging or carrying of loads for distances;
c) without applying excessive pushing or pulling forces.

Useful information on limiting values to facilitate decisions about manual handling for the type of activity

indicated is given in Annex A.

In addition, it should be possible to erect and dismantle temporary works equipment using tools, which require

forces that can be applied by persons. Where this is not practicable, the manufacturer should specify the use

of power-tools , which conform to a European Standard. If the erection requires special tools they should be

supplied with the equipment and should be considered as part of the equipment.
5.4 Ergonomic work postures

Consideration should be given to ensuring that persons carrying out work from the temporary works

equipment are able to carry out such work without having to adopt unergonomic postures. Therefore, where

temporary works equipment provides a platform for work:

a) operatives should be able to carry out work without excessive stooping or stretching, i.

...

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