Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Extraction (ISO 14406:2010)

ISO 14406:2010 specifies the basic terminology for GPS extraction. It defines a framework for the fundamental operations used in GPS extraction and introduces the concepts of sampling and reconstruction for extraction, together with some principal sampling schemes on several basic geometries.

Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - Erfassung (ISO 14406:2010)

Diese Internationale Norm legt die grundlegende Terminologie für die Erfassung zur Geometrischen Produktspezifikation (GPS) fest und legt ein Rahmen für die grundlegenden, in der GPS Erfassung verwendeten Operationen fest. Es stellt die Konzepte der Musterung und Rekonstruktion für Erfassung, zusammen mit einigen prinzipiellen Musterprogrammen entsprechend der mehreren Basisgeometrien.

Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Extraction (ISO 14406:2010)

L'ISO14406:2010 spécifie la terminologie de base concernant l'extraction GPS. Il définit un cadre pour les opérations fondamentales utilisées dans l'extraction GPS et introduit les concepts d'échantillonnage et de reconstruction pour l'extraction ainsi que les principaux plans d'échantillonnage en fonction de plusieurs géométries de base.

Specifikacija geometrijskih veličin izdelka - Zajemanje (ISO 14406:2010)

Ta mednarodni standard določa osnovno terminologijo za zajemanje specifikacij geometrijskih veličin izdelka (GPS). Določa okvir za temeljne operacije, ki se uporabljajo pri zajemanju GPS, in predstavlja koncepte vzorčenja in rekonstrukcije za zajemanje, skupaj z nekaterimi glavnimi shemami vzorčenja na več osnovnih geometrijah.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Mar-2011
Withdrawal Date
29-Jun-2011
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
15-Dec-2010
Due Date
14-Dec-2010
Completion Date
15-Dec-2010

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) - Erfassung (ISO 14406:2010)Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Extraction (ISO 14406:2010)Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Extraction (ISO 14406:2010)17.040.40Geometrical Product Specification (GPS)ICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN ISO 14406:2010SIST EN ISO 14406:2012en,fr,de01-januar-2012SIST EN ISO 14406:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14406:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN ISO 14406
December 2010 ICS 17.040.01 English Version
Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Extraction (ISO 14406:2010)
Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) - Extraction (ISO 14406:2010)

Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) -Erfassung (ISO 14406:2010) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 October 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN ISO 14406:2010: ESIST EN ISO 14406:2012

EN ISO 14406:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3 SIST EN ISO 14406:2012

EN ISO 14406:2010 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN ISO 14406:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 213 "Dimensional and geometrical product specifications and verification" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 290 “Dimensional and geometrical product specification and verification” the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2011. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Endorsement notice The text of ISO 14406:2010 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 14406:2010 without any modification.

SIST EN ISO 14406:2012
SIST EN ISO 14406:2012
Reference numberISO 14406:2010(E)© ISO 2010

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO14406First edition2010-12-15Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Extraction Spécification géométrique des produits (GPS) — Extraction

SIST EN ISO 14406:2012

ISO 14406:2010(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT

ISO 2010 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel.

+ 41 22 749 01 11 Fax
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ii © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
SIST EN ISO 14406:2012

ISO 14406:2010(E) © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved iii Contents Page Foreword............................................................................................................................................................iv Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................v 1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1 2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1 3 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................1 4 Sampling and reconstruction for extraction.......................................................................................5 4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................5 4.2 Wavelets: exact reconstruction...........................................................................................................5 4.3 Morphological filters: zone of possible reconstruction....................................................................5 4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................5 4.3.2 Circular disk structuring element........................................................................................................6 4.3.3 Horizontal line structuring element.....................................................................................................7 5 Sampling schemes................................................................................................................................7 5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................7 5.2 Orthogonal grid.....................................................................................................................................8 5.3 Orthogonal grid [birdcage]...................................................................................................................8 5.4 Orthogonal grid [polar grid].................................................................................................................9 5.5 Specified grid.........................................................................................................................................9 5.6 Stratified...............................................................................................................................................10 5.7 Helix......................................................................................................................................................10 5.8 Spiral.....................................................................................................................................................11 5.9 Spider web...........................................................................................................................................11 5.10 Points method......................................................................................................................................12 Annex A (informative)

Concept diagram........................................................................................................13 Annex B (informative)

Relation to the GPS matrix model.............................................................................14 Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................16

SIST EN ISO 14406:2012

ISO 14406:2010(E) iv © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO 14406 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 213, Dimensional and geometrical product specifications and verification. SIST EN ISO 14406:2012

ISO 14406:2010(E) © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved v Introduction This International Standard is a geometrical product specification (GPS) standard and is to be regarded as a general GPS standard (see ISO/TR 14638). It influences the chain links 3 and 5 of all chains of standards. For more detailed information of the relation of this International Standard to the GPS matrix model, see Annex B. This International Standard develops the terminology and concepts for GPS extraction. It introduces the concept of sampling and reconstruction for extraction (see ISO 17450-1).

SIST EN ISO 14406:2012
SIST EN ISO 14406:2012
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14406:2010(E) © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 1

Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Extraction 1 Scope This International Standard specifies the basic terminology for GPS extraction. It defines a framework for the fundamental operations used in GPS extraction and introduces the concepts of sampling and reconstruction for extraction, together with some principal sampling schemes on several basic geometries. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. ISO 14660-1:1999, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Geometrical features — Part 1: General terms and definitions ISO/TS 16610-1:2006, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Filtration — Part 1: Overview and basic concepts ISO/TS 16610-40:2006, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Filtration — Part 40: Morphological profile filters: Basic concepts ISO 17450-1:—1), Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — General concepts — Part 1: Model for geometrical specification and verification ISO 17450-2:—2), Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — General concepts — Part 2: Basic tenets, specifications, operators and uncertainties 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 14660-1, ISO/TS 16610-1, ISO/TS 16610-40, ISO 17450-1, ISO 17450-2 and the following apply. 3.1 non-ideal surface model (of a workpiece) skin model (of a workpiece) model of the physical interface of the workpiece with its environment [ISO 17450-1:—, 3.27]

1) To be published. (Revision of ISO/TS 17450-1:2005) 2) To be published. (Revision of ISO/TS 17450-2:2002) SIST EN ISO 14406:2012

ISO 14406:2010(E) 2 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 3.1.1 mechanical surface boundary of the erosion, by a sphere of radius r, of the locus of the centre of an ideal tactile sphere, also with radius r, rolled over the skin model of a workpiece (3.1) NOTE 1 Erosion is a morphological operation (see ISO/TS 16610-40). NOTE 2 The mechanical surface is an essential characteristic of a skin model of a workpiece. 3.1.2 electromagnetic surface

surface obtained by the electromagnetic interaction with the skin model of a workpiece (3.1) NOTE 1 Different wavelengths give different surfaces. NOTE 2 The electromagnetic surface is an essential characteristic of a skin model of a workpiece. NOTE 3 Examples of electromagnetic surface include optical surfaces from coherence-scanning interferometers, optical stylus instruments and scanning confocal microscopes. 3.2 real surface of a workpiece set of features which physically exist and separate the entire workpiece from the surrounding medium [ISO 14660-1:1999, 2.4.1] NOTE Real surfaces of workpieces have many potential functional uses, from bearing surfaces in roller bearings to visual appearance in car body panels. At the atomic level, these different functions define different real surfaces, depending on the nature of the functional interaction with the surface. Since nanoscale measurement is becoming increasingly important economically, there is a requirement to differentiate between these different functional surfaces. The mechanical surface and the electromagnetic surface, defined below, are two commonly used functional surfaces. 3.2.1 real mechanical surface boundary of the erosion, by a sphere of radius r, of the locus of the centre of an ideal tactile sphere, also with radius r, rolled over the real surface of a workpiece (3.2) NOTE 1 Erosion is a morphological operation (see ISO/TS 16610- 40). NOTE 2 The real mechanical surface is a specific type of real surface of a workpiece. 3.2.2 real electromagnetic surface

surface obtained by the electromagnetic interaction with the real surface of a workpiece (3.2) NOTE 1 The locus of the effective ideal reflection point can be affected by both the topographical surface and the ma

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