Machine tools safety - Presses - Part 1: General safety requirements (ISO 16092-1:2017)

ISO 16092-1:2017 specifies technical safety requirements and measures to be adopted by persons undertaking the design, manufacture and supply of presses which are intended to work cold metal or material partly of cold metal, but which can be used in the same way to work other sheet materials (e.g. cardboard, plastic, rubber, leather, etc.).
NOTE 1 The design of a machine includes the study of the machine itself, taking into account all phases of the "life" of the machine mentioned in ISO 12100:2010, 5.4, and the drafting of the instructions related to all the above phases.
The requirements in this document take account of intended use, as defined in ISO 12100:2010, 3.23, as well as reasonably foreseeable misuse, as defined in ISO 12100:2010, 3.24. This document presumes access to the press from all directions, deals with all significant hazards during the various phases of the life of the machine described in Clause 4, and specifies the safety measures for both the operator and other exposed persons.
NOTE 2 All significant hazards means those identified or associated with presses at the time of the publication of this document.
ISO 16092-1:2017 applies to presses which can function independently and can also be used as a guide for the design of presses which are intended to be integrated in a manufacturing system.
The covered presses transmit force mechanically to cut, form, or work cold metal or other sheet materials by means of tools or dies attached to or operated by slides/ram in range in size from small high speed machines with a single operator producing small workpieces to large relatively slow speed machines with several operators and large workpieces.
ISO 16092-1:2017 does not cover machines whose principal designed purpose is:
a) metal cutting by guillotine;
b) attaching a fastener, e.g. riveting, stapling or stitching;
c) bending or folding by press brakes or folding machines;
d) straightening;
e) turret punch pressing;
f) extruding;
g) drop forging or drop stamping;
h) compaction of metal powder;
i) single purpose punching machines designed exclusively for profiles, e.g. used in the construction industry;
j) spot welding;
k) tube bending;
l) working by pneumatic hammer.
This document does not cover hazards related to the use of presses in explosive atmospheres.
ISO 16092-1:2017 covers the safety requirements related to the use of programmable electronic systems (PES) and programmable pneumatic systems (PPS).
ISO 16092-1:2017 is not applicable to presses which are manufactured before the date of its publication.
ISO 16092-1:2017 deals with the common significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to presses and ancillary devices which are intended to work cold metal or material partly of cold metal (see Clause 4). This document defines the common safety requirements for presses defined in this clause and shall be used in connection with other parts of the ISO 16092 series.
Specific hazards which are related to the type presses used are dealt with in ISO 16092‑2, ISO 16092‑3 and ISO 16092‑4.

Werkzeugmaschinen-Sicherheit - Pressen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen (ISO 16092-1:2017)

Diese Dokument legt die technischen Sicherheitsanforderungen und Schutzmaßnahmen fest, die von jenen Personen zu beachten sind, die für die Konstruktion, die Herstellung und die Lieferung von Pressen, die zur Kaltbearbeitung von Metall oder von teilweise aus kaltem Metall bestehendem Material bestimmt sind, die jedoch ebenso zur Bearbeitung sonstiger Flachmaterialien (z. B. Karton, Plastik, Gummi, Leder, usw.) verwendet werden können.
ANMERKUNG 1   Die Konstruktion einer Maschine beinhaltet die Betrachtung der Maschine selbst, unter Berücksichtigung aller Phasen der Nutzungsdauer der Maschine, wie in ISO 12100:2010, 5.4 genannt, sowie der Erstellung der Betriebsanleitung in Bezug auf alle oben genannten Phasen der Nutzungsdauer.
Die Anforderungen in diesem Dokument berücksichtigen die bestimmungsgemäße Verwendung, wie in ISO 12100:2010, 3.23 definiert ebenso wie eine vernünftigerweise vorhersehbare Fehlanwendung, wie in ISO 12100:2010, 3.24 definiert. Dieses Dokument geht davon aus, dass ein Zugang zur Presse von allen Richtungen erfolgen kann, beschäftigt sich mit allen in Abschnitt 4 beschriebenen signifikanten Gefährdungen während der verschiedenen Phasen der Nutzungsdauer der Maschine und spezifiziert die Sicherheitsmaßnahmen sowohl für den Bediener als auch für andere exponierte Personen.
ANMERKUNG 2   Alle signifikanten Gefährdungen bedeutet solche, die zum Zeitpunkt der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokumentes festgestellt oder mit Pressen in Verbindung gebracht werden.

Sécurité des machines-outils - Presses - Partie 1: Exigences générales de sécurité (ISO 16092-1:2017)

ISO 16092-1:2017 spécifie les exigences techniques de sécurité et les dispositions que doivent respecter les personnes chargées de la conception, de la construction et de la fourniture des presses qui sont conçues pour le travail à froid des métaux ou des matériaux partiellement constitués de métal froid, mais qui peuvent être utilisées de la même manière pour le travail d'autres matériaux en feuilles (par exemple: le carton, le plastique, le caoutchouc, le cuir, etc.).
NOTE 1 La conception d'une machine comprend l'étude de la machine à proprement parler, en tenant compte de toutes les phases de la «vie» de la machine mentionnées au paragraphe 5.4 de l'ISO 12100:2010, et l'élaboration des instructions relatives à l'ensemble des phases susmentionnées.
Les exigences du présent document tiennent compte de l'utilisation normale, telle que définie en 3.23 de l'ISO 12100:2010, ainsi que d'un mauvais usage raisonnablement prévisible, tel que défini en 3.24 de l'ISO 12100:2010. Le présent document suppose un accès possible à la presse de tous les côtés, traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs pendant les différentes phases de la vie de la machine, tels que décrits à l'Article 4, et spécifie les exigences de sécurité à la fois pour l'opérateur et les autres personnes exposées.
NOTE 2 L'expression «tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs» fait référence à ceux qui sont identifiés ou associés aux presses au moment de la publication du présent document.
ISO 16092-1:2017 s'applique aux presses qui peuvent fonctionner de manière indépendante, et peuvent également servir de guide pour la conception de presses destinées à être intégrées dans un système de fabrication.
Les presses couvertes par le présent document transmettent la force par un procédé mécanique afin de couper, de former ou de travailler à froid les métaux ou autres matériaux en feuilles au moyen d'outils ou de matrices fixés à des coulisseaux/un piston ou actionnés par ces derniers; la taille des presses varie de petites machines à grande vitesse avec un seul opérateur produisant de petites pièces, aux grandes machines à vitesse relativement lente avec plusieurs opérateurs produisant de grandes pièces.
ISO 16092-1:2017 n'est pas applicable aux machines principalement conçues pour:
a) la découpe du métal par cisaille guillotine;
b) le montage d'élément de finition, par exemple rivetage, agrafage ou piquage;
c) le pliage ou le cintrage par une presse plieuse ou une cintreuse;
d) le dressage;
e) le poinçonnage sur poinçonneuse revolver;
f) l'extrusion;
g) le matriçage par choc, le poinçonnage par choc;
h) le compactage des poudres métalliques;
i) les poinçonneuses simples conçues exclusivement pour les profilés, par exemple: celles utilisées dans l'industrie de la construction;
j) le soudage par point;
k) le cintrage de tubes;
l) le façonnage par marteau pneumatique.
ISO 16092-1:2017 ne traite pas des phénomènes dangereux liés à l'utilisation de presses en atmosphères explosives.
ISO 16092-1:2017 couvre les exigences de sécurité liées à l'utilisation de systèmes électroniques programmables (SEP) et de systèmes pneumatiques programmables (SPP).
ISO 16092-1:2017 n'est pas applicable aux presses qui ont été fabriquées avant sa date de publication.
ISO 16092-1:2017 traite des phénomènes dangereux, des situations et des événements dangereux significatifs et courants qui sont pertinents pour les presses et les dispositifs auxiliaires destinés à être utilisé

Varnost obdelovalnih strojev - Stiskalnice - 1. del: Splošne varnostne zahteve (ISO 16092-1:2017)

Ta mednarodni standard določa tehnične varnostne zahteve in zaščitne ukrepe, ki jih morajo sprejeti osebe, ki se ukvarjajo s projektiranjem, proizvodnjo in dobavljanjem stiskalnic in pomožnih naprav, zasnovanih za obdelavo hladnih kovin ali materialov, ki so delno izdelani iz hladnih kovin. Zahteve v tem mednarodnem standardu upoštevajo predvideno uporabo, kot je opredeljena v točki 3.22 standarda ISO 12100-1:2003. Ta standard predvideva dostop do stiskalnice iz vseh smeri, obravnava tveganja v različnih fazah življenjske dobe stroja, opisana v točki 4, in določa varnostne ukrepe za upravljavca in druge izpostavljene osebe. Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja tudi za pomožne naprave, ki so sestavni del stiskalnice. Ta standard velja tudi za stroje, ki so del integriranega proizvodnega sistema, če so nastajajoče nevarnosti in tveganja primerljivi z nevarnostmi in s tveganji pri strojih, ki delujejo ločeno. Stiskalnice, ki jih ta standard obsega in prenašajo silo mehansko za rezanje, oblikovanje ali ustvarjanje hladnih kovin ali drugih materialov v obliki plošč z orodji ali formami, ki so pritrjeni nanje ali upravljani z drsniki/tolkači z obsegom velikosti od majhnih visokohitrostnih strojev z enim upravljavcem, ki proizvaja majhne obdelovance, do velikih in relativno počasnih strojev z več upravljavci in velikimi obdelovanci. Ta standard obsega tudi stiskalnice, katerih primarna predvidena uporaba je ustvarjanje hladnih kovin, ki bodo uporabljene na enak način za ustvarjanje drugih materialov v obliki plošč (npr. karton, plastika, guma, usnje). Ta del standarda ISO 16092 ne obsega strojev, katerih temeljni projektirani namen je naslednji: a) rezanje kovine z giljotino, b) pritrditev spojnikov, npr. kovičenje, spenjanje ali šivanje, c) upogibanje ali zgibanje z upogibnimi stiskalnicami ali zgibalnimi stroji, d) ravnanje, e) stiskanje z revolverskim prebijalnim strojem, f) iztiskanje, g) kovanje s padalnimi kladivi ali izsekovanje s padalnim orodjem, h) stiskanje kovinskega prahu, i) enonamenski prebijalni stroji, zasnovani izključno za profile; npr. za gradbeništvo, j) točkovno varjenje, k) upogibanje cevi, l) delo s pnevmatskim kladivom. Ta standard ne obsega nevarnosti, povezanih z uporabo stiskalnic v eksplozivnih atmosferah. Ta standard obsega varnostne zahteve, povezane z uporabo programirljivih elektronskih sistemov (PES) in programirljivih pnevmatskih sistemov (PPS).  V tem standardu so obravnavana pogosta pomembna tveganja, nevarne situacije in dogodki, relevantni za stiskalnice in pomožne naprave, ki so predvidene za ustvarjanje hladnih kovin ali materialov, ki jih delno sestavlja hladna kovina, ko so uporabljene v skladu z namenom in pod pogoji, predvidenimi s strani proizvajalca (glejte točko 4). Ta del standarda opredeljuje skupne varnostne zahteve za stiskalnice, opredeljene v točki 1.1, ki jih je treba uporabljati skupaj z drugimi deli skupine ISO 16092.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Feb-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
07-Feb-2018
Completion Date
07-Feb-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
01-maj-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13736:2003+A1:2009
SIST EN 692:2006+A1:2009
SIST EN 693:2001+A2:2011

Varnost obdelovalnih strojev - Stiskalnice - 1. del: Splošne varnostne zahteve (ISO

16092-1:2017)
Machine tools safety - Presses - Part 1: General safety requirements (ISO 16092-
1:2017)

Werkzeugmaschinien Sicherheit - Pressen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen

(ISO 16092-1:2017)

Sécurité des machines-outils - Presses - Partie 1: Exigences générales de sécurité (ISO

16092-1:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 16092-1:2018
ICS:
25.120.10 Kovaški stroji. Stiskalnice. Forging equipment. Presses.
Škarje Shears
SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018 en,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
EN ISO 16092-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 25.080.01 Supersedes EN 13736:2003+A1:2009, EN
692:2005+A1:2009, EN 693:2001+A2:2011
English Version
Machine tools safety - Presses - Part 1: General safety
requirements (ISO 16092-1:2017)

Sécurité des machines-outils - Presses - Partie 1: Werkzeugmaschinien-Sicherheit - Pressen - Teil 1:

Exigences générales de sécurité (ISO 16092-1:2017) Allgemeine Sicherheitsanforderungen (ISO 16092-

1:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 November 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 16092-1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
EN ISO 16092-1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered .................................................. 4

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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
EN ISO 16092-1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 16092-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 39 “Machine

tools” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 143 “Machine tools - Safety” the secretariat of

which is held by SNV.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2018, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by August 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13736:2003+A1:2009, EN 692:2005+A1:2009, EN 693:2001+A2:2011.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 16092-1:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 16092-1:2018 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
EN ISO 16092-1:2018 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European standard and the essential
requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request

M/396/C(2007) to provide one voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of EU

Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European standard and Directive 2006/42/EC

Essential Requirements of Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of this
Remarks/Notes
Directive 2006/42/EC EN

Within the limits of the scope all All normative clauses To confer a presumption of

relevant essential requirements conformity with the relevant
are covered. essential requirements of
Directive 2006/42/EC, this
standard (providing
general/common
requirements for a whole
machine family) has to be
applied together with one of
those standards as specified
in the scope (providing
specific requirements for a
particular category of
machinery within this
family), once this standard is
cited in the Official Journal of
the European Communities
under Directive 2006/42/EC.

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16092-1
First edition
2017-12
Machine tools safety — Presses —
Part 1:
General safety requirements
Sécurité des machines-outils — Presses —
Partie 1: Exigences générales de sécurité
Reference number
ISO 16092-1:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
ISO 16092-1:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
ISO 16092-1:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 List of significant hazards ........................................................................................................................................................................11

5 Safety requirements and/or measures ......................................................................................................................................12

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.2 Basic design considerations .....................................................................................................................................................12

5.2.1 Hydraulic and pneumatic systems — Common features ...........................................................12

5.2.2 Pneumatic systems .....................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.3 Hydraulic systems ........................................................................................................................................................13

5.2.4 Electric systems .............................................................................................................................................................13

5.3 Mechanical hazards in the tools area ................................................................................................................................14

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

5.3.2 Safeguarding measures ...........................................................................................................................................14

5.3.3 Other safety requirements ...................................................................................................................................18

5.3.4 Release of trapped persons between the tools ...................................................................................18

5.3.5 Release of persons trapped inside enclosed areas ..........................................................................18

5.3.6 Prevention of gravity fall during maintenance or repair ...........................................................18

5.4 Control and monitoring system .............................................................................................................................................19

5.4.1 Control and monitoring functions .................................................................................................................19

5.4.2 Muting ....................................................................................................................................................................................21

5.4.3 Selection devices ...........................................................................................................................................................21

5.4.4 Position sensors.............................................................................................................................................................22

5.4.5 Control devices ...............................................................................................................................................................22

5.4.6 Valves ......................................................................................................................................................................................23

5.4.7 Performance level of safety functions ........................................................................................................23

5.5 Tool-setting, trial strokes, maintenance and lubrication .................................................................................23

5.6 Mechanical hazards — Other ..................................................................................................................................................24

5.7 Slips, trips and falls ..........................................................................................................................................................................24

5.8 Protection against other hazards .........................................................................................................................................24

5.8.1 Electrical hazards .........................................................................................................................................................24

5.8.2 Thermal hazards ...........................................................................................................................................................24

5.8.3 High pressure fluid ejection hazards ...........................................................................................................25

5.8.4 Hazards generated by noise ................................................................................................................................25

5.8.5 Hazards generated by vibration ......................................................................................................................25

5.8.6 Hazards generated by materials and substances..............................................................................25

5.8.7 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles ............................................................25

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures ....................................................................................26

7 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.2 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................31

7.3 Warnings ...................................................................................................................................................................................................32

7.4 Instructions handbook ..................................................................................................................................................................32

Annex A (informative) Significant hazards, hazardous situations and protective measures .................34

Annex B (informative) Closed tools.....................................................................................................................................................................37

Annex C (informative) Electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) using active opto-

electronic protective devices (AOPDs) .......................................................................................................................................38

Annex D (normative) Calculation of minimum distances ............................................................................................................39

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
ISO 16092-1:2017(E)

Annex E (informative) Slide operation mode ...........................................................................................................................................41

Annex F (normative) Noise test code ................................................................................................................................................................43

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................46

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
ISO 16092-1:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 39, Machine tools, Subcommittee SC 10, Safety.

A list of all parts in the ISO 16092 series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
ISO 16092-1:2017(E)
Introduction
This document is a type C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or

type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of

the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of

this type-C standard.”

This document is intended to be applied with at least one of the other relevant parts (ISO 16092-2 for

mechanical presses, ISO 16092-3 for hydraulic presses and, ISO 16092-4 for pneumatic presses).

vi © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16092-1:2017(E)
Machine tools safety — Presses —
Part 1:
General safety requirements
1 Scope

This document specifies technical safety requirements and measures to be adopted by persons

undertaking the design, manufacture and supply of presses which are intended to work cold metal or

material partly of cold metal, but which can be used in the same way to work other sheet materials (e.g.

cardboard, plastic, rubber, leather, etc.).

NOTE 1 The design of a machine includes the study of the machine itself, taking into account all phases of

the “life” of the machine mentioned in ISO 12100:2010, 5.4, and the drafting of the instructions related to all the

above phases.

The requirements in this document take account of intended use, as defined in ISO 12100:2010, 3.23,

as well as reasonably foreseeable misuse, as defined in ISO 12100:2010, 3.24. This document presumes

access to the press from all directions, deals with all significant hazards during the various phases of

the life of the machine described in Clause 4, and specifies the safety measures for both the operator

and other exposed persons.

NOTE 2 All significant hazards means those identified or associated with presses at the time of the publication

of this document.

This document applies to presses which can function independently and can also be used as a guide for

the design of presses which are intended to be integrated in a manufacturing system.

The covered presses transmit force mechanically to cut, form, or work cold metal or other sheet

materials by means of tools or dies attached to or operated by slides/ram in range in size from small

high speed machines with a single operator producing small workpieces to large relatively slow speed

machines with several operators and large workpieces.
This document does not cover machines whose principal designed purpose is:
a) metal cutting by guillotine;
b) attaching a fastener, e.g. riveting, stapling or stitching;
c) bending or folding by press brakes or folding machines;
d) straightening;
e) turret punch pressing;
f) extruding;
g) drop forging or drop stamping;
h) compaction of metal powder;

i) single purpose punching machines designed exclusively for profiles, e.g. used in the construction

industry;
j) spot welding;
k) tube bending;
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l) working by pneumatic hammer.

This document does not cover hazards related to the use of presses in explosive atmospheres.

This document covers the safety requirements related to the use of programmable electronic

systems (PES) and programmable pneumatic systems (PPS).

This document is not applicable to presses which are manufactured before the date of its publication.

This document deals with the common significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant

to presses and ancillary devices which are intended to work cold metal or material partly of cold metal

(see Clause 4). This document defines the common safety requirements for presses defined in this

clause and shall be used in connection with other parts of the ISO 16092 series.

Specific hazards which are related to the type presses used are dealt with in ISO 16092-2, ISO 16092-3

and ISO 16092-4.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 230-5:2000, Test code for machine tools — Part 5: Determination of the noise emission

ISO 7731, Ergonomics — Danger signals for public and work areas — Auditory danger signals

ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components

ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components

ISO 11428, Ergonomics — Visual danger signals — General requirements, design and testing

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 13732-1:2006, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces

ISO 13849 (all parts), Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems

ISO 13850, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop function — Principles for design

ISO 13851:2002, Safety of machinery — Two-hand control devices — Functional aspects and design

principles

ISO 13854:1996, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

ISO 13855:2010, Safety of machinery — Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of

parts of the human body

ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper

and lower limbs

ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection

ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of

fixed and movable guards

ISO 14122 (all parts), Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery

2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16092-1:2018
ISO 16092-1:2017(E)

ISO/TR 11688-1, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning

IEC 60204-1:2016, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements

IEC 60947-5-8, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear — Part 5-8: Control circuit devices and switching

elements — Three-position enabling switches

IEC 61496-1:2012, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General

requirements and test

IEC 61496-2:2013, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 2: Particular

requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs)

IEC 61496-3, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 3: Particular

requirements for Active Opto-electronic Protective Devices responsive to Diffuse Reflection (AOPDDR)

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 12100:2010 and

ISO 13849-1:2015 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1 Groups of presses defined in the different parts of the ISO 16092 series
3.1.1
press

machine designed or intended to transmit energy to a tool/punch (3.2.13) for the purpose of the working

(e.g. forming or shaping) of cold metal or material partly of cold metal between the tools

3.1.2
mechanical press

press (3.1.1) designed or intended to transmit energy from a prime mover to a tool/punch (3.2.13) by

mechanical means using a clutch mechanism which transmits torque to impart motion of the flywheel

to the slide
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
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Key
1 flywheel guard 6 slide
2 friction clutch, part revolution clutch 7 slide flange, tool holder
3 flywheel 8 bolster/bed-plate
4 motor pulley 9 bed
5 belt
Figure 1 — Example of a friction clutch (part r
...

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