Water quality - Determination of the inhibitory effect of water samples on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent bacteria test) - Part 3: Method using freeze-dried bacteria (ISO 11348-3:2007)

ISO 11348 describes three methods for determining the inhibition of the luminescence emitted by the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri (NRRL B‑11177). ISO 11348-3:2007 specifies a method using freeze‑dried bacteria.
This method is applicable to:
waste water;
aqueous extracts and leachates;
fresh water (surface and ground water);
sea and brackish water;
eluates of sediment (freshwater, brackish and sea water);
pore water;
single substances, diluted in water.

Wasserbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung der Hemmwirkung von Wasserproben auf die Lichtemission von Vibrio fischeri (Leuchtbakterientest) - Teil 3: Verfahren mit gefriergetrockneten Bakterien (ISO 11348-3:2007)

Die Reihe ISO 11348 legt drei Verfahren zur Bestimmung der Hemmung der Lichtemission des marinen Bakteriums Vibrio fischeri (NRRL B 11177) fest. Dieser Teil von ISO 11348 beschreibt ein Verfahren mit gefriergetrockneten Bakterien.
Das Verfahren gilt für:
   Abwasser;
   wässrige Extrakte und Sickerwasser;
   Süßwasser (Oberflächenwasser und Grundwasser);
   Meerwasser und Brackwasser;
   Eluate von Sedimenten (Süßwasser, Brackwasser und Meerwasser);
   Porenwasser;
   Einzelstoffe, in Wasser gelöst.

Qualité de l'eau - Détermination de l'effet inhibiteur d'échantillons d'eau sur la luminescence de Vibrio fischeri (Essai de bactéries luminescentes) - Partie 3: Méthode utilisant des bactéries lyophilisées (ISO 11348-3:2007)

L'ISO 11348 décrit trois méthodes de détermination de l'inhibition de la luminescence émise par la bactérie marine Vibrio fischeri (NRRL B-11177). L'ISO 11348-3:2007 spécifie une méthode utilisant des bactéries lyophilisées.
Cette méthode est applicable aux eaux usées, aux extraits aqueux et aux lixiviats, aux eaux douces (eaux de surface ou souterraines), à l'eau de mer ou aux eaux saumâtres, aux éluats de sédiments (eau douce, eau saumâtre et eau de mer), aux eaux interstitielles et aux substances individuelles diluées dans l'eau.

Kakovost vode - Določevanje zaviralnega učinka vzorcev vode na oddajanje svetlobe Vibrio fischeri (preskus luminiscence bakterije) - 3. del: Metoda z uporabo liofilizirane bakterije (ISO 11348-3:2007)

Standard ISO 11348 opisuje tri metode za določevanje zaviranja luminiscence, ki jo oddaja morska bakterija Vibrio fischeri (NRRL B-11177). Ta del standarda ISO 11348 določa metodo z uporabo liofilizirane bakterije. Metoda se uporablja za odpadno vodo, vodne ekstrakte in izcedne vode, sladko vodo (površinsko in podtalno), morsko in slano vodo, izlužke sedimentov (sladka, slana in morska voda), vodo v porah, posamezne snovi, razredčene v vodi.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Nov-2008
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
19-Nov-2008
Completion Date
19-Nov-2008

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
01-maj-2009
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2000
.DNRYRVWYRGH'RORþHYDQMH]DYLUDOQHJDXþLQNDY]RUFHYYRGHQDRGGDMDQMH

VYHWOREH9LEULRILVFKHUL SUHVNXVOXPLQLVFHQFHEDNWHULMH GHO0HWRGD]XSRUDER

OLRILOL]LUDQHEDNWHULMH ,62

Water quality - Determination of the inhibitory effect of water samples on the light

emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent bacteria test) - Part 3: Method using freeze-dried

bacteria (ISO 11348-3:2007)
Wasserbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung der Hemmwirkung von Wasserproben auf die
Lichtemission von Vibrio fischeri (Leuchtbakterientest) - Teil 3: Verfahren mit
gefriergetrockneten Bakterien (ISO 11348-3:2007)

Qualité de l'eau - Détermination de l'effet inhibiteur d'échantillons d'eau sur la

luminescence de Vibrio fischeri (Essai de bactéries luminescentes) - Partie 3: Méthode

utilisant des bactéries lyophilisées (ISO 11348-3:2007)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 11348-3:2008
ICS:
13.060.70 Preiskava bioloških lastnosti Examination of biological
vode properties of water
SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 11348-3
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2008
ICS 13.060.70 Supersedes EN ISO 11348-3:1998
English Version
Water quality - Determination of the inhibitory effect of water
samples on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent
bacteria test) - Part 3: Method using freeze-dried bacteria (ISO
11348-3:2007)

Qualité de l'eau - Détermination de l'effet inhibiteur Wasserbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung der Hemmwirkung

d'échantillons d'eau sur la luminescence de Vibrio fischeri von Wasserproben auf die Lichtemission von Vibrio fischeri

(Essai de bactéries luminescentes) - Partie 3: Méthode (Leuchtbakterientest) - Teil 3: Verfahren mit

utilisant des bactéries lyophilisées (ISO 11348-3:2007) gefriergetrockneten Bakterien (ISO 11348-3:2007)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 October 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 11348-3:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
EN ISO 11348-3:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
EN ISO 11348-3:2008 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 11348-3:2007 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 147 “Water quality” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 11348-3:2008 by

Technical Committee CEN/TC 230 “Water analysis” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by May 2009.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 11348-3:1998.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 11348-3:2007 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 11348-3:2008 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11348-3
Second edition
2007-12-01
Water quality — Determination
of the inhibitory effect of water samples
on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri
(Luminescent bacteria test) —
Part 3:
Method using freeze-dried bacteria
Qualité de l'eau — Détermination de l'effet inhibiteur d'échantillons
d'eau sur la luminescence de Vibrio fischeri (Essai de bactéries
luminescentes) —
Partie 3: Méthode utilisant des bactéries lyophilisées
Reference number
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
ISO 2007
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
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All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Principle................................................................................................................................................. 2

4 Interferences ......................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Reagents and materials ....................................................................................................................... 2

6 Apparatus .............................................................................................................................................. 3

7 Sampling and sample pretreatment.................................................................................................... 4

8 Procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 4

9 Evaluation.............................................................................................................................................. 6

10 Expression of results ........................................................................................................................... 8

11 Criteria of validity................................................................................................................................ 10

12 Precision.............................................................................................................................................. 10

13 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 10

Annex A (informative) Colour-correction method......................................................................................... 11

Annex B (informative) Dilution level D — Preparation of the dilution series ............................................. 14

Annex C (informative) Precision data............................................................................................................. 17

Annex D (informative) Testing salt water samples with the luminescent bacteria test with

freeze-dried bacteria........................................................................................................................... 18

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 21

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 11348-3 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 147, Water quality, Subcommittee SC 5,

Biological methods.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11348-3:1998), which has been technically

revised.

ISO 11348 consists of the following parts, under the general title Water quality — Determination of the

inhibitory effect of water samples on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent bacteria test):

⎯ Part 1: Method using freshly prepared bacteria
⎯ Part 2: Method using liquid-dried bacteria
⎯ Part 3: Method using freeze-dried bacteria
iv © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
Introduction

The measurements specified in ISO 11348 can be carried out using freshly prepared bacteria, as well as

freeze-dried or liquid-dried bacterial preparations.

Standardized work carried out by DIN Normenausschuss Wasserwesen and ISO/TC 147/SC 5/WG 1 has

shown that, in special cases, these different techniques may give different results, especially in the presence

of heavy metals.

Such varying sensitivity is caused by differences in media composition used in the preparation of freeze-dried

or liquid-dried bacteria. These protective media influence the bioavailability of toxicants and/or the light

emission of luminescent bacteria. This means that the origin and type of preparation need to be taken into

account when interpreting the results. This may be difficult sometimes, as freeze-dried and liquid-dried

bacteria may be obtained from different suppliers. This, in turn, can mean that the composition is not known in

detail and therefore cannot be interpreted by the user.

For this reason, in addition to toxicity measurements with liquid-dried bacteria (ISO 11348-2) and freshly

prepared bacteria (ISO 11348-1), a procedure with freeze-dried bacteria is described in this part of ISO 11348,

the performance of which can be interpreted by the user in every detail.

The laboratories responsible for the results have the opportunity to select the most suitable technique based

on expert judgement and information about the water sample to be tested.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
Water quality — Determination of the inhibitory effect of water
samples on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent
bacteria test) —
Part 3:
Method using freeze-dried bacteria

WARNING — Persons using this part of ISO 11348 should be familiar with normal laboratory practice.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It

is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to ensure

compliance with any national regulatory conditions.

IMPORTANT — It is absolutely essential that tests conducted in accordance with this part of

ISO 11348 be carried out by suitably trained staff.
1 Scope

ISO 11348 describes three methods for determining the inhibition of the luminescence emitted by the marine

bacterium Vibrio fischeri (NRRL B-11177). This part of ISO 11348 specifies a method using freeze-dried

bacteria.
This method is applicable to:
⎯ waste water;
⎯ aqueous extracts and leachates;
⎯ fresh water (surface and ground water);
⎯ sea and brackish water;
⎯ eluates of sediment (freshwater, brackish and sea water);
⎯ pore water;
⎯ single substances, diluted in water.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 5667-16, Water quality — Sampling — Part 16: Guidance on biotesting of samples

ISO 5814, Water quality — Determination of dissolved oxygen — Electrochemical probe method

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
3 Principle

The inhibition of light emission by cultures of Vibrio fischeri is determined by means of a batch test. This is

accomplished by combining specified volumes of the test sample or the diluted sample with the luminescent

bacteria suspension in a test tube.

The test criterion is the luminescence, measured after a contact time of 15 min or 30 min and optionally 5 min,

taking into account a correction factor (f ), which is a measure of intensity changes of control samples during

the exposure time. The inhibitory effect of the water sample can be determined as LID (see Annex B) or as

EC - and/or EC -values by means of a dilution series. (EC is the effective concentration.)

20 50
4 Interferences

Insoluble, slightly soluble or volatile substances or substances which react with the dilution water or the

suspension, or alter their state during the test period, may affect the result or impair the reproducibility of the

test results.

Losses of luminescence caused by light absorption or light scattering may occur in the case of strongly

coloured or turbid waters. This interference can be compensated by a sample treatment for turbidity (7.2) or,

for example, by using a double-chambered absorption correction test tube (see Annex A).

[6]

Since oxygen is required for the bioluminescence , samples with a high oxygen demand (and/or a low

oxygen concentration) may cause a deficiency of oxygen and be inhibitory.

Readily biodegradable nutrients in the sample may cause a pollutant-independent reduction in

[1]
bioluminescence .
[6], [7]

Samples with a pH outside the range of pH = 6,0 and pH = 8,5 affect the luminescence of the bacteria .

An adjustment of the sample is required when the toxic effect of pH is not wanted.

As the test organism Vibrio fischeri is a marine bacterium, testing salt-water samples with the standard

procedure often leads to stimulation effects of bioluminescence, which may mask inhibition effects (see

Annex D).

Salt concentrations in the initial sample exceeding 30 g/l NaCl, or contents of other compounds giving equal

osmolarity may lead, together with the salt spiking required by the test, to hyperosmotic effects. The resulting

salt concentration in the test samples should not exceed the osmolarity of a 35 g/l NaCl solution in order to

avoid these effects.
5 Reagents and materials

Use chemicals of recognized analytical grade quality. Use distilled water or water of equivalent purity.

5.1 Test bacteria.

Use a strain of luminescence bacteria belonging to the species Vibrio fischeri NRRL B-11177. The bacterial

suspensions used for toxicity measurements are prepared from commercially available freeze-dried reagents

which can be stored in a freezer at −18 °C to −20 °C. The bacteria start glowing immediately after

reconstitution and are ready to be used for the test.
5.2 Sodium chloride solution, as diluent.
Dissolve 20 g of sodium chloride (NaCl) in water and make up to 1 l with water.
5.3 Sodium hydroxide solution, e.g. c(NaOH) = 1 mol/l.
2 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
5.4 Hydrochloric acid, e.g. c(HCl) = 1 mol/l.

For the adjustment of the pH, it may be necessary to use acids or bases of lower or higher concentration.

5.5 Solution for freeze-dried bacteria.
20 g Sodium chloride (NaCl)
2,035 g Magnesium chloride hexahydrate (MgCl ·6 H O)
2 2
0,30 g Potassium chloride (KCl)

Dissolve in water and make up to 1 l with water. The solution may be stored in portions in a freezer at −18 °C

to −20 °C.
5.6 Reference substances.

Prepare the following reference-substance stock solutions with sodium chloride solution (5.2) as diluent

separately, without adjustment of the pH:
19,34 mg/l Zinc sulfate heptahydrate (ZnSO ·7 H O)
4 2
6,8 mg/l 3,5-Dichlorophenol (C H OCl ) (purity > 99 %)
6 4 2
105,8 mg/l Potassium dichromate (K Cr O )
2 2 7

These concentrations are approximately twice the expected EC -values for the respective reference

substances in this part of ISO 11348. The volumes required depend on the test set-up.

NOTE It is possible to use commercially available chemical preparations with defined concentrations of ZnSO and

K Cr O (titrisol) for the preparation of the stock solutions of the reference substances.

2 2 7
6 Apparatus
6.1 Freezer, for the storage of preserved bacteria.

6.2 Incubator or refrigerator, to maintain the stock suspension (8.2) and, optionally, the “solution for

freeze-dried bacteria” (5.5) (variant B) at a temperature of 4 °C ± 3 °C.

6.3 Thermostatically controlled thermo-block, to maintain the test samples at a temperature of

15 °C ± 1 °C. Within one test, the temperature deviation should be at most ± 0,3 °C.

6.4 Luminometer, measuring cell maintained at 15 °C ± 1 °C, equipped with suitable test tubes.

6.5 Test tubes, made of a chemically inert material, appropriate for the selected luminometer and having a

capacity which facilitates the taking of a reading over the largest possible surface area and able to fit into the

thermo-block (6.3).
6.6 pH-meter.
6.7 Chronometer.
6.8 Piston pipettes or plastic syringes, 10 µl, 500 µl and 1 000 µl.

6.9 Piston pipettes, with variable volume, 10 ml to 200 ml and 200 µl to 5 000 µl.

6.10 Conductometer.
6.11 Oxygen probe, in accordance with ISO 5814.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)
7 Sampling and sample pretreatment
7.1 Sampling

Collect samples in chemically inert, clean containers as specified in ISO 5667-16. Fill the containers

completely and seal them. Test the samples as soon as possible after collection. Where necessary, store

samples at 2 °C to 5 °C in the dark in the containers for not longer than 48 h. For periods up to two months,

store at u −18 °C. Do not use chemicals to preserve the samples. Perform the necessary pH-adjustment and

salt addition immediately before testing.
7.2 Sample preparation

Measure the oxygen concentration in all samples. An oxygen concentration > 3 mg/l is required for the test. If

the oxygen concentration of the undiluted sample is less than 3 mg/l, use adequate methods to oxygenate the

sample, e.g. aeration or stirring.

Measure the pH of all samples. If the pH is between 6,0 and 8,5, an adjustment is usually not necessary.

Adjustment of the pH-value, however, may alter the nature of the sample. On the other hand, the pH of the

sample and the pH of the test batch may differ because of the buffer capacity of the test medium. It may be

necessary to carry out tests on both the pH-adjusted and the non-pH-adjusted samples.

If necessary, adjust the pH of the sample by adding either hydrochloric acid (5.4) or sodium hydroxide solution

(5.3). Depending on the purpose of the test, the pH may be adjusted to 7,0 ± 0,2 or to the upper (8,5 ± 0,2)

and lower limits (6,0 ± 0,2). Choose the concentration of the hydrochloric acid or the sodium hydroxide

solution to restrict the volume added to not more than 5 % of total volume.

Add 20 g of sodium chloride per litre to the water sample or to the neutralized water sample.

For samples with high salt concentrations, measure the salinity and add the amount of salt which is necessary

to adjust the osmolarity to 20 g/l NaCl.

If the sample contains between 20 g/l and 50 g/l NaCl-equivalents, add no salt. The resulting salt

concentration in the test samples shall not exceed the osmolarity of a 35 g/l sodium chloride solution.

For salt water samples, Annex D gives further information.

Strongly turbid samples should be allowed to settle for 1 h or centrifuged, for example for 10 min at 5 000g, or

should be filtered. Use the supernatant or filtrate for the test.
8 Procedure
8.1 Initial preparations

Prepare the reference samples according to 5.6. Test each batch of bacteria after delivery with all three

reference substances. Test at least one of the three reference substances in parallel to each stock suspension

vial reconstituted.
Prepare the samples according to 7.2.

Prepare, in a first set of test tubes (6.5), the sample dilution series, the reference sample (5.6) and the

controls (5.2) required.
4 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)

A common procedure for the preparation of the dilution series is described in Annex B. Depending on the

purpose of the test and the statistical requirements concerning the test results, other dilution designs with

concentrations in a geometric or a logarithmic series may be appropriate as well. Due to mixing of equal

volumes of sample/diluted sample and test suspension, the highest sample concentration in the test is 50 %

sample as a rule. For the testing of nearly undiluted water samples (80 % sample), an extra control batch is

needed (see B.2 and Table 1).

Maintain the test tubes containing the sodium chloride solution (5.2) for controls, the reference samples (5.6),

the samples (7.2) and the samples of the dilution series (Table B.1) at 15 °C ± 1 °C.

Chose test conditions which safeguard that the maximum temperature deviation in the thermo-block within

one test is at most ± 0,3 °C.
8.2 Preparation of stock suspension

Remove the vial of the freeze-dried culture (contents sufficient for up to 100 measurements) from the freezer

immediately before reconstitution in water. For the reconstitution, cool 1 ml of distilled water in a glass test

tube to 4 °C ± 3 °C.

Pour this volume of cooled water all at once into the lyophilized bacteria in the vial, thereby minimizing cell

damage during the rehydration process.

It is important that water be added quickly, to allow the bacteria to come into contact with the water at once,

thus avoiding clumping and loss of activity. Therefore, do not use a pipette. The exact volume of water is not

critical.

The reconstituted luminescent bacteria suspension (cell concentration about 10 cells per millilitre) serves as

a stock suspension; store it at 4 °C ± 3 °C. The stock suspension may be used for testing purposes, as long

as the validity criteria stated in Clause 11 are met. Refrozen, rehydrated bacteria may be used for preliminary

tests only.
8.3 Preparation of test suspensions
8.3.1 Initial step

After a waiting time of at least 10 min, prepare the test suspensions from the stock suspension into a second

corresponding set of test tubes (6.5), maintained at 15 °C ± 1 °C by one of the two variants.

8.3.2 Variant A
Prepare the test suspensions directly in the test tubes.

Add 10 µl aliquots of the stock suspension to 500 µl of the solution (5.5), contained in test tubes maintained at

15 °C ± 1 °C, at the same time intervals (5 s to 20 s) as for later intensity measurements. Shake the mixtures

by hand.
8.3.3 Variant B

Prepare the test suspensions outside the test tubes in a conical flask (volume e.g. 250 ml).

Add 1 volume of the stock suspension to 50 volumes of the solution (5.5) maintained at 4 °C ± 3 °C and mix

the resultant suspension thoroughly.

Pipette 500 µl of test suspension into the test tubes, maintained at 15 °C ± 1 °C in the incubator, at the same

time intervals (5 s to 20 s) as used for later intensity measurements.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 11348-3:2009
ISO 11348-3:2007(E)

NOTE Vials with smaller volumes of freeze-dried bacteria (e.g. content sufficient for 20 or 10 measurements per vial)

are also commercially available. The lyophilized bacteria in these vials are reconstituted directly by adding an adequate

volume of “medium for freeze-dried bacteria” (5.5). The resulting test suspension is handled as in variant B (8.3.3) by

pipetting 500 µl of this solution into the test tubes, maintained at 15 °C ± 1 °C, in the incubator.

8.4 Test procedure

Carry out two parallel determinations per dilution level at a test temperature of 15 °C ± 1 °C.

Adjust the luminometer instrument to a convenient near-maximum setting.

After a conditioning time of at least 15 min, determine and record the luminescence intensity, I , of the test

suspensions by means of a luminometer.

As the contact time for all test samples shall be equal, use a chronometer (6.7) for the measurement of the

luminescence intensities at equal time intervals, seriatim. An interval of 5 s to 20 s has been found convenient.

Measure all samples, as differing luminescence may be expected due to possible inhomogeneities of the test

suspension.

Immediately after the luminescence measurement of a test suspension, make up this suspension to a total

volume of 1 ml with samples (7.2), diluted samples (Annex B), reference sample (5.6) or sodium chloride

solution (5.2), as appropriate, by pipetting 500 µl of each of the samples, diluted samples, reference sample or

sodium chloride solution, prepared in the first set of test tubes, to the test suspensions in each of the

corresponding tubes in the second set of test tubes. Mix by hand, start the chronometer and put the test tubes

back into the thermo-block at 15 °C ± 1 °C.

Repeat the above procedure for all other test tubes, leaving the same time interval betw

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