Textiles for healthcare and social services facilities

This Technical Specification recommends characteristics, test methods and minimum performance specifications for unused textile for the healthcare and social service facilities (hospitals, residential care homes, etc.) to give guidance on the suitability of products intended to be maintained by industrial laundering.
This Technical Specification is not applicable to surgical textiles under the medical devices directive nor protective clothing under the PPE directive.

Textilien für Einrichtungen des Gesundheitswesens und von sozialen Diensten

Diese Technische Spezifikation empfiehlt Eigenschaften, Prüfverfahren und Mindestanforderungen an die Leistung von nicht gebrauchten Textilien für Einrichtungen des Gesundheitswesens und soziale Dienste (Krankenhäuser, Pflegeheime usw.), um eine Anleitung hinsichtlich der Eignung von Produkten zu geben, die durch Industriewäschereien gepflegt werden sollen.
Die vorliegende Technische Spezifikation gilt weder für Operationstextilien, die unter die Medizinprodukte-Richtlinie fallen noch für Schutzbekleidung unter der PSA-Richtlinie.

Textiles dans les établissements de santé et de services sociaux

La présente Spécification technique recommande des caractéristiques, des méthodes d’essai et des spécifications minimales de performance pour les textiles neufs destinés aux établissements de santé et de services sociaux (hôpitaux, foyers de soins spéciaux, etc.), afin de fournir des lignes directrices sur l’aptitude à l’emploi des produits destinés à être entretenus par blanchissage industriel.
La présente Spécification technique ne s’applique pas aux textiles chirurgicaux relevant de la directive sur les dispositifs médicaux, ni aux vêtements de protection relevant de la directive sur les EPI.

Tekstilije za zdravstveno in socialno oskrbo

Ta tehnična specifikacija priporoča značilnosti, preskusne metode in minimalne specifikacije delovanja za nerabljene tekstilije za zdravstvene ter socialne ustanove (bolnišnice, domovi za starejše itd.) za namene podajanja napotkov glede primernosti proizvodov, ki so predvideni za industrijsko
pranje.
Ta tehnična specifikacija se ne uporablja za kirurške tekstilije v okviru direktive o medicinskih pripomočkih in zaščitno obleko v okviru direktive o osebni zaščitni opremi.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
22-Dec-2015
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
24-Nov-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 14237:2016
01-marec-2016
1DGRPHãþD
SIST ENV 14237:2002
Tekstilije za zdravstveno in socialno oskrbo
Textiles for healthcare and social services facilities
Textilien im Gesundheitswesen
Textiles dans les établissements de santé et de services sociaux
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 14237:2015
ICS:
11.140 Oprema bolnišnic Hospital equipment
59.080.30 Tkanine Textile fabrics
SIST-TS CEN/TS 14237:2016 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 14237:2016
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 14237:2016
CEN/TS 14237
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
December 2015
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 11.140; 59.080.30 Supersedes ENV 14237:2002
English Version
Textiles for healthcare and social services facilities

Textiles dans les établissements de santé et de services Textilien im Gesundheitswesen

sociaux

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 29 May 2015 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 14237:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN/TS 14237:2015 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Products .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

3.2 Properties .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Properties, references and requirements .............................................................................................. 9

5 Product information ................................................................................................................................... 18

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 19

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CEN/TS 14237:2015 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN/TS 14237:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 248

“Textiles and textile products”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This document supersedes ENV 14237:2002.

In this new edition, the purpose was specified in the Introduction, normative references were updated

and requirements were modified following past experiences with the use of ENV 14237.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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CEN/TS 14237:2015 (E)
Introduction

This Technical Specification provides minimum specifications for the purchase of unused textiles for

healthcare and social service facilities. It is intended to assist healthcare and social services

organisations select textiles products produced from these textiles and which they intend to be

maintained by industrial laundering.

It is recognized that textile materials are currently available which outperform these minimum

specifications in this Technical Specification and it is unable to provide information to correlate these

minimum specifications with textile life and value in typical industrial processing. Furthermore these

minimum specifications are not correlated with textile life as measure by industrial launder-use trials.

Consequently it is strongly recommended that purchasers discuss the quality of materials and their

expected performance requirement with any prospective laundry company prior to making a purchase.

Moreover, there is a need for safety of patients and clients which needs to be ensured by hygienic

cleanliness according to EN 14065, which is not reachable by domestic washing.

Production technologies in laundries places a requirement for high performance characteristics on the

textile to ensure sufficient durability, and which could increase acquisition costs, It is therefore

encouraged to carry out some trial processing in the prospective laundry, to better assess textile life

and lifecycle costing.

The properties, references and specifications for textiles shown in Tables 1 to 8 provide guidance as a

starting point for products to be industrially laundered. It is possible that National Standards may set a

higher level of characteristics for textile products.
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1 Scope

This Technical Specification recommends characteristics, test methods and minimum performance

specifications for unused textile for the healthcare and social service facilities (hospitals, residential

care homes, etc.) to give guidance on the suitability of products intended to be maintained by industrial

laundering.

This Technical Specification is not applicable to surgical textiles under the Medical Devices Directive

nor protective clothing under the PPE Directive.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 410, Glass in building — Determination of luminous and solar characteristics of glazing

EN 1103, Textiles — Fabrics for apparel — Detailed procedure to determine the burning behaviour

EN 12590, Textiles — Industrial sewing threads made wholly or partly from synthetic fibres

EN 13773, Textiles and textile products — Burning behaviour — Curtains and drapes — Classification

scheme

EN 14697, Textiles — Terry towels and terry towel fabrics — Specification and methods of test

EN 20105-N01, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part N01: Colour fastness to bleaching:

Hypochlorite (ISO 105-N01)

EN 20811, Textiles — Determination of resistance to water penetration — Hydrostatic pressure test

EN ISO 105-B02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light: Xenon

arc fading lamp test (ISO 105-B02)

EN ISO 105-C06, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part C06: Colour fastness to domestic and

commercial laundering (ISO 105-C06)

EN ISO 105-E04, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (ISO

105-E04)

EN ISO 105-N02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part N02: Colour fastness to bleaching —

Peroxide (ISO 105-N02)

EN ISO 105-P01, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part P01: Colour fastness to dry heat (excluding

pressing) (ISO 105-P01)

EN ISO 105-X12, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part X12: Color fastness to rubbing (ISO 105-

X12:2001)

EN ISO 5077, Textiles — Determination of dimensional change in washing and drying (ISO 5077)

EN ISO 6330, Textiles — Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing (ISO 6330)

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EN ISO 9237:1995, Textiles — Determination of permeability of fabrics to air (ISO 9237:1995)

EN ISO 11092:2014, Textiles — Physiological effects — Measurement of thermal and water-vapour

resistance under steady-state conditions (sweating guarded-hotplate test) (ISO 11092:2014)

EN ISO 12945-1:2000, Textiles — Determination of fabric propensity to surface fuzzing and to pilling —

Part 1: Pilling box method (ISO 12945-1:2000)

EN ISO 12945-2, Textiles — Determination of fabric propensity to surface fuzzing and to pilling — Part 2:

Modified Martindale method (ISO 12945-2)

EN ISO 12952-1, Textiles — Assessment of the ignitability of bedding items — Part 1: Ignition source:

smouldering cigarette (ISO 12952-1)

EN ISO 12952-2, Textiles — Assessment of the ignitability of bedding items — Part 2: Ignition source:

match-flame equivalent (ISO 12952-2)

EN ISO 13934-1, Textiles — Tensile properties of fabrics — Part 1: Determination of maximum force and

elongation at maximum force using the strip method (ISO 13934-1)

EN ISO 13936-1, Textiles — Determination of the slippage resistance of yarns at a seam in woven fabrics

— Part 1: Fixed seam opening method (ISO 13936-1)

EN ISO 13936-2, Textiles — Determination of the slippage resistance of yarns at a seam in woven fabrics

— Part 2: Fixed load method (ISO 13936-2)

EN ISO 13938-1:1999, Textiles — Bursting properties of fabrics — Part 1: Hydraulic method for

determination of bursting strength and bursting distension (ISO 13938-1:1999)

EN ISO 13938-2, Textiles — Bursting properties of fabrics — Part 2: Pneumatic method for determination

of bursting strength and bursting distension (ISO 13938-2)
ISO 4915, Textiles — Stitch types — Classification and terminology
ISO 4916, Textiles — Seam types — Classification and terminology
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 Products

NOTE This Technical Specification classifies the requirements for the fabrics according to its use in the

following product groups.
3.1.1
accessories

components different from the main materials of the product (e.g. cuffs, buttons, sewing thread, press

studs, zippers, etc.)
3.1.2
baby clothing
garment being provided by the hospital that is worn by babies during their stay
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3.1.3
bed textiles

two-dimensional textile such as sheets, pillow covers, secondary covers, mattress covers, draw sheets,

bed spreads
3.1.4
blanket
covering used on beds to provide thermal comfort
3.1.5
curtain

piece of hanging cloth that can be drawn to cover a window or to provide a screen

3.1.6
encasing
fully fitting article which covers all faces of the mattress
3.1.7
mattress protector against liquids
mattress cover impermeable to liquids
3.1.8
patient's clothing
garment being provided by the hospital that is worn by a patient during a stay
3.1.9
pillow
cloth bag filled with soft material used for patients support
3.1.10
quilt

cover made of two layers of cloth with soft insulating material in-between to provide thermal comfort

3.1.11
staff

person charged with (part of) medical treatment of a patient or the performance of a medical duty

3.1.12
staff clothing
over-garment without a specific protective function worn by the staff
3.1.13
towels
piece of cloth used for drying a person
3.2 Properties
3.2.1
air permeability

velocity of an air flow passing perpendicularly through a test specimen under specified conditions of

test area, pressure drop and time
[SOURCE: EN ISO 9237:1995, 3.1]
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3.2.2
bursting strength (strength at burst)

pressure obtained by subtracting the diaphragm pressure from the mean bursting pressure

[SOURCE: EN ISO 13938-1:1999, 3.3]
3.2.3
colour fastness

resistance of the colour of textiles to the different agents to which these materials may be exposed

during manufacture and their subsequent use

Note 1 to entry: The change in colour and staining of undyed adjacent fabrics are assessed as fastness ratings.

Note 2 to entry: See EN ISO 105-A01.
3.2.4
dimensional change

change in length and/or width of fabrics, garments or other textile articles which may occur when

subjected to an appropriate combination of specified washing and drying procedures

Note 1 to entry: See EN ISO 5077.
3.2.5
burning behaviour

property of fabrics whereby flaming combustion is slowed, terminated or prevented

Note 1 to entry: See EN ISO 12952-1, EN ISO 12952-2 and EN 13773.
3.2.6
liquid absorbency time (wettability)

time required for a test specimen of fabric to become completely wetted by the test liquid and imbibe

test liquid into its interior structure
[SOURCE: EN 1644-1:1997, B.1]
3.2.7
liquid absorptive capacity (wettability)

mass of liquid absorbed per unit mass of the fabric, expressed as a percentage, after either a standard

immersion time or after the time needed to completely wet the fabric and after drainage has occurred

[SOURCE: EN 1644-1:1997, C.1, modified — The term "fabric" is used instead of the term "nonwoven" in

the present definition.]
3.2.8
pilling
generation of pills over the surface of the fabric
[SOURCE: EN ISO 12945-1:2000, 3.3]
3.2.9
tensile strength

maximum tensile force recorded in extending a test-piece to breaking point, the tensile force recorded

at the moment of rupture
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