Helmets for canoeing and white water sports

This European Standard specifies requirements for helmets for canoeing and white water sports for use in waters of classes 1 to 4 as classified by Clause 4. The levels of protection recognise that most fatalities in canoeing and white water sports result from drowning after concussion and not from brain damage.
This European Standard is not intended to apply to helmets for use in extreme white water situations such as those where the jumping of high waterfalls is undertaken, because the need for impact absorption for such a helmet, and the area of the head to be protected, are greater than those for most canoeing and white water sports. The standard applies to helmets with and without holes in the shell.
NOTE   This European Standard does not provide performance requirements for visors, chin-guards or face-guards.

Helme für den Kanu- und Wildwassersport

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an Helme für den Kanu- und Wildwassersport in Flüssen der Klassen 1 bis 4 nach der Klassifizierung in Abschnitt 4 fest. Der Grad des Schutzes läßt erkennen, dass die meisten Unfälle mit tödlichem Ausgang beim Kanu- und Wildwassersport durch Ertrinken nach dem Aufprall erfolgen und nicht durch Gehirnschäden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Helme zum Gebrauch in solch extremen Situationen auf Wildwasserflüssen, in denen auch hohe Wasserfälle überwunden werden. Die erforderliche Stoßdämpfung und der zu schützende Kopfbereich sind bei solchen Helmen größer als bei jenen für die meisten Kanu  und Wildwassersportarten. Diese Norm gilt für Helme mit und ohne Öffnungen in der Helmschale.
ANMERKUNG   Diese Europäische Norm enthält keine Anforderungen an die Funktionstauglichkeit von Visieren, Kinn- und Gesichtsschutz.

Casques utilisés dans la pratique du canoë-kayak et des sports en eau vive

La présente Norme européenne énonce les exigences pour les casques utilisés pour la pratique du canoë-kayak et des sports en eau vive, sur des cours d'eau de classes 1 à 4 selon la classification de l'Article 4. Les différents degrés de protection tiennent compte du fait que la majorité des décès en canoë-kayak et sports d'eau vive est causée par la noyade après commotion et non par des blessures à la tête.
La présente Norme européenne n'est pas destinée aux casques utilisés dans des conditions extrêmes telles que le franchissement de chutes d'eau importantes qui réclament des capacités d'absorption des chocs et de protection de certaines zones de la tête bien supérieures à celles nécessaires au canoë-kayak et sports en eau vive. Elle s'applique aux casques à calotte pleine comme aux casques à calotte munie de trous d'aération.
NOTE   La présente Norme européenne ne fournit aucune exigence de performance relative aux visières, mentonnières ou protections du visage.

Čelade za kanuiste in športe na divjih vodah

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za čelade za kanuiste in športe na divjih vodah za uporabo v vodah razredov od 1 do 4, kot je določeno v točki 4. Ravni zaščite kažejo, da največ smrtnih primerov med kanuisti in pri športih na divjih vodah nastane zaradi utopitve po trčenju in ne zaradi poškodbe možganov. Ta evropski standard ni namenjen za čelade za uporabo v ekstremnih situacijah na divjih vodah, kot je na primer skakanje z visokih slapov, ker sta potreba po absorpciji udarcev in področje glave, ki ga je treba zaščititi, pri takšni čeladi večja kot pri čeladah za večino kanuistov in športov na divjih vodah. Standard se uporablja za čelade z luknjami in brez lukenj na lupini.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Feb-2012
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Apr-2017
Completion Date
22-Nov-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Helme für den Kanu- und WildwassersportCasques utilisés dans la pratique du canoë-kayak et des sports en eau viveHelmets for canoeing and white water sports97.220.40Oprema za športe na prostem in vodne športeOutdoor and water sports equipment13.340.20Varovalna oprema za glavoHead protective equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1385:2012SIST EN 1385:2012en,fr,de01-julij-2012SIST EN 1385:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1385:1998/A1:2005SIST EN 1385:19981DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1385:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1385
February 2012 ICS 13.340.20 Supersedes EN 1385:1997English Version
Helmets for canoeing and white water sports
Casques utilisés dans la pratique du canoë-kayak et des sports en eau vive

Helme für den Kanu- und Wildwassersport This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 December 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1385:2012: ESIST EN 1385:2012

EN 1385:2012 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................. 3Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... 41Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 52Normative references ............................................................................................................................ 53Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 54White water classification of rivers ..................................................................................................... 65Construction .......................................................................................................................................... 75.1Materials ................................................................................................................................................. 75.2Extent of shell ........................................................................................................................................ 75.3Holes ....................................................................................................................................................... 75.4Projections ............................................................................................................................................. 75.5Retention system ................................................................................................................................... 85.6Face guards and visors ........................................................................................................................ 86Performance requirements ................................................................................................................... 96.1Impact protection ................................................................................................................................... 96.2Retention system strength ................................................................................................................... 96.3Retention system effectiveness ........................................................................................................... 96.4Buoyancy .............................................................................................................................................. 107Testing .................................................................................................................................................. 107.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 107.2Headforms ............................................................................................................................................ 107.3Number of samples and sequence of tests ...................................................................................... 107.3.1Number of samples ............................................................................................................................. 107.3.2Sequence of tests ................................................................................................................................ 107.4Test area ............................................................................................................................................... 117.5Conditioning ......................................................................................................................................... 117.5.1High temperature conditioning .......................................................................................................... 117.5.2Low temperature conditioning ........................................................................................................... 117.5.3Water immersion .................................................................................................................................. 117.5.4Artificial ageing .................................................................................................................................... 117.6Impact protection resistance .............................................................................................................. 127.6.1Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 127.6.2Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 127.7Test for strength of retention system ................................................................................................ 137.7.1Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 137.7.2Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 147.8Retention system effectiveness ......................................................................................................... 147.8.1Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 147.8.2Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 148Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 179Information to be supplied by the manufacturer .............................................................................. 18Annex A (informative)

Alternative procedure for artificial ageing ............................................................. 19Annex B (informative)

Significant technical changes between this European Standard and EN 1385:1997 ........................................................................................................................................ 20Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC Personal Protective Equipment ................................. 21Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 22 SIST EN 1385:2012

EN 1385:2012 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 1385:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 158 "Head protection", the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2012. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1385:1997. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Annex B provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous edition. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 1385:2012

EN 1385:2012 (E) 4 Introduction The most common head injury in canoeing and white water sports happens when a person strikes an underwater object after capsizing. Under these circumstances it is extremely unlikely that the speed of impact will be greater than 18 km/h (5 m/s) because this is the highest recorded rate of flow in a white water river. The most common site of injury is the frontal or forehead area or the side of the eye socket. To achieve the performance of which the helmet is capable, and to ensure stability on the head, it needs to be as close fitting as possible consistent with comfort. The helmet needs to be securely fastened on to the head, and any chin strap has to be under tension at all times. The protection given by a helmet depends on the circumstances of the accident and wearing a helmet does not always prevent death or long term disability. A proportion of the energy of an impact is absorbed by the helmet, thereby reducing the force of the blow sustained by the head. The structure of the helmet may be damaged in absorbing this energy and any helmet that sustains a severe blow needs to be replaced even if damage is not apparent. This European Standard includes the International Canoe Federation classification of risks. SIST EN 1385:2012

EN 1385:2012 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirements for helmets for canoeing and white water sports for use in waters of classes 1 to 4 as classified by Clause 4. The levels of protection recognise that most fatalities in canoeing and white water sports result from drowning after concussion and not from brain damage. This European Standard is not intended to apply to helmets for use in extreme white water situations such as those where the jumping of high waterfalls is undertaken, because the need for impact absorption for such a helmet, and the area of the head to be protected, are greater than those for most canoeing and white water sports. The standard applies to helmets with and without holes in the shell. NOTE This European Standard does not provide performance requirements for visors, chin-guards or face-guards. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 960:2006, Headforms for use in the testing of protective helmets ISO 6487, Road vehicles — Measurement techniques in impact tests — Instrumentation 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 canoeing normal use of a canoe or of a kayak, in white water of classes 1 to 4 classified in accordance with Clause 4 3.2 white water sports non-powered sporting activities carried out in and/or on moving water as defined by classes 1 to 4 in accordance with Clause 4 3.3 helmet headwear that is intended to protect the wearer's head from concussion 3.4 shell material that provides the general outer form of the helmet 3.5 protective padding lining material used to either absorb impact energy or improve the wearer's comfort 3.6 retention system entire assembly of components that prevent the helmet coming off the head 3.7 chin strap strap passing under the wearer's lower jaw that is intended to prevent the helmet coming off the head SIST EN 1385:2012

EN 1385:2012 (E) 6 3.8 harness assembly of headband and suspension designed to keep the helmet on the head, and to absorb some kinetic energy 3.9 headband horizontal band of material that is adjustable to fit the circumference of the wearer's head above the eyes 3.10 suspension means of resting the helmet on the upper parts of the head 3.11 headform rigid object designed to simulate a human head for use in testing helmets 3.12 basic plane of the human head longitudinal plane which passes through the lower level of the eye orbits and the upper level of the external opening of the ear canals

3.13 basic plane of a headform plane relative to the headform that corresponds to the basic plane of the human head 3.14 reference plane construction plane parallel to the basic plane of the headform at a distance from it which is a function of the size of the headform 4 White water classification of rivers NOTE 1 This classification is produced by the International Canoe Federation. Class 1 Not difficult. Regular current, small waves and riffles, occasional small rapids; pebble banks, no or few obstructions. Class 2 Moderately difficult. Clear and wide passages; irregular current, rapids bigger waves, easy eddies, stopper and whirlpools; simple obstructions in the passage, small ledges. Class 3 Difficult. Course not always easily to recognize. High and irregular waves, long rapids, stopper, boils and whirlpools; occasional boulders, drops and various obstructions in the passage. Class 4 Very difficult. Course difficult to recognize, inspection from shore is advised; big hydraulics, keepers and boils; staggered boulders in main stream, ledges with keepers. Class 5 Exceedingly difficult. Inspection from shore is mandatory; extreme hydraulics, keepers and boils; narrow in the only line of passage, high drops in cascades with difficult entrances and/or exits. Class 6 The absolute limit of difficulty. Usually considered unrunnable. All previous mentioned difficulties increased to the limit of practicability. Attempts at certain water levels imply a high risk to life. NOTE 2 Helmets for use in water classes 5 and 6 are outside the scope of this European Standard. It is expected that these helmets will have performance requirements in excess of this European Standard. SIST EN 1385:2012

EN 1385:2012 (E) 7 5 Construction 5.1 Materials The mechanical properties of the materials used in the manufacture of the helmet should not deteriorate significantly during the period of normal use, due to influences such as exposure to sun, to temperature changes or to fresh or salt water. Metal parts used to fasten the chin strap and/or a suspension cradle to the shell, should be protected from or resistant to corrosion. The materials forming the parts of the helmet coming into contact with the skin, should not deteriorate in strength significantly due to contact with sweat and materials which are known to cause skin disorders shall not be used. The thread used for stitching on webbing should be resistant to rotting. 5.2 Extent of shell When the helmet is placed on a headform of size designation given in Table 1, and the chin strap is secured, the shell, including any holes, shall cover all parts of the headform above the lines ACDF shown in Figure 1 a) and Figure 1 b), except that there may be cut-outs on each side of the helmet to expose the ears for hearing purposes. The dimension “Y” (see Figure 1) for the headforms in Table 1 shall be taken as given in

EN 960:2006, Table 1. The point C for each headform (Figure 1 a) and Figure 1 b)) is the midpoint of A–Z and the point D is vertically beneath it on the reference plane. NOTE Table 1 gives the EN 960:1994 equivalent letter codes to the EN 960:2006 size designations for headforms with similar nominal dimensions. These are as given in EN 960:2006, Annex C. The EN 960:2006 size designation approximates to the circumference of the headform at the reference plane, in mm. Table 1 — Sizes of headforms Size designation (circumference of headform at reference plane, mm) Code letter(EN 960:1994) 495 535 575 605 625 A E J M O

5.3 Holes The shell may be pierced by holes that allow ventilation or the draining of water. 5.4 Projections Rivet heads shall be rounded and shall not project more th

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