Sports and other recreational facilities and equipment - Injury and safety definitions and thresholds - Guidelines for their inclusion in standards (ISO/TR 20183:2015)

ISO 20183:2015 provides standards writers with guidelines for the inclusion of injury and safety definitions and thresholds to be applied in the development of ISO/TC 83 standards. It is intended to contribute to harmonization of the language and understanding safety of products/procedures as well as to comply with Directive 2001/95/EC on general product safety requirements.

Sport- und andere Freizeiteinrichtungen und -geräte - Definitionen und Schwellenwerte für Verletzungen und Sicherheit - Leitfaden für deren Einbeziehung in Normen (ISO/TR 20183:2015)

Installations et équipement de sport et autres activités de loisirs - Seuil et définitions des dommages et sécurité - Lignes directrices pour leur inclusion dans les normes (ISO/TR 20183:2015)

L'ISO/TR 20183:2015 fournit des lignes directrices aux rédacteurs de normes en vue de l'inclusion des définitions et des seuils en rapport avec les blessures et la sécurité dans les normes élaborées par l'ISO/TC 83. Il est destiné à contribuer à l'harmonisation de la terminologie et à la compréhension de la sécurité des produits/des modes opératoires, et à assurer la conformité avec la Directive 2001/95/CE relative à la sécurité générale des produits.

Športna in druga rekreacijska oprema in pripomočki - Definicije in mejne vrednosti za poškodbe in varnost - Smernice za njihovo vključenost v standarde (ISO/TR 20183:2015)

Standard ISO 20183:2015 avtorjem standardov podaja smernice za vključevanje definicij in mejnih vrednosti za poškodbe in varnost pri razvoju standardov ISO/TC 83. Namenjen je usklajevanju jezika in razumevanja varnosti proizvodov/postopkov ter zagotavljanju skladnosti z Direktivo 2001/95/ES o splošnih varnostnih zahtevah za proizvode.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Jul-2017
Publication Date
15-Oct-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Oct-2017
Due Date
10-Dec-2017
Completion Date
16-Oct-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
01-november-2017

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Sports and other recreational facilities and equipment - Injury and safety definitions and

thresholds - Guidelines for their inclusion in standards (ISO/TR 20183:2015)

Sport- und andere Freizeiteinrichtungen und -geräte - Definitionen und Schwellenwerte

für Verletzungen und Sicherheit - Leitfaden für deren Einbeziehung in Normen (ISO/TR

20183:2015)

Installations et équipement de sport et autres activités de loisirs - Seuil et définitions des

dommages et sécurité - Lignes directrices pour leur inclusion dans les normes (ISO/TR

20183:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
ICS:
01.120 Standardizacija. Splošna Standardization. General
pravila rules
97.220.01 âSRUWQDRSUHPDLQ Sports equipment and
SULSRPRþNLQDVSORãQR facilities in general
SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
CEN ISO/TR 20183
TECHNICAL REPORT
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
August 2017
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
ICS 97.220.01
English Version
Sports and other recreational facilities and equipment -
Injury and safety definitions and thresholds - Guidelines
for their inclusion in standards (ISO/TR 20183:2015)

Installations et équipement de sport et autres activités Sport- und andere Freizeiteinrichtungen und -geräte -

de loisirs - Seuil et définitions des dommages et Definitionen und Schwellenwerte für Verletzungen und

sécurité - Lignes directrices pour leur inclusion dans Sicherheit - Leitfaden für deren Einbeziehung in

les normes (ISO/TR 20183:2015) Normen (ISO/TR 20183:2015)

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 14 August 2017. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 136.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO/TR 20183:2015 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 83 “Sports and

other recreational facilities and equipment” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

and has been taken over as CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports,

playground and other recreational facilities and equipment” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO/TR 20183:2015 has been approved by CEN as CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017 without any

modification.
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 20183
First edition
2015-06-01
Sports and other recreational
facilities and equipment — Injury
and safety definitions and thresholds
— Guidelines for their inclusion in
standards
Installations et équipement de sport et autres activités de loisirs —
Seuil et définitions des dommages et sécurité — Lignes directrices
pour leur inclusion dans les normes
Reference number
ISO/TR 20183:2015(E)
ISO 2015
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
ISO/TR 20183:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
ISO/TR 20183:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Summary ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.1 Injury prevention thresholds for scope of standards ............................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
ISO/TR 20183:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 83, Sports and other recreational facilities and

equipment.
iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
ISO/TR 20183:2015(E)
Introduction

Products need to be safely constructed, produced, and maintained covering a reasonable foreseeable

misuse/intended use evaluated by the manufacturer. Any areas of risk have to be defined and precautions

taken. Nevertheless, the use of the equipment or activities with this equipment on sports or playgrounds

will create a residual risk related to the individual user. This has to be evaluated by a risk assessment

and reduced to an acceptable or tolerable risk of performance. The result of this evaluation may deviate

by age and social grouping.
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved v
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 20183:2015(E)
Sports and other recreational facilities and equipment —
Injury and safety definitions and thresholds — Guidelines
for their inclusion in standards
1 Scope

This Technical Report provides standards writers with guidelines for the inclusion of injury and safety

definitions and thresholds to be applied in the development of ISO/TC 83 standards. It is intended to

contribute to harmonization of the language and understanding safety of products/procedures as well

as to comply with Directive 2001/95/EC on general product safety requirements.
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
safe
state of being protected from recognized hazards that are likely to cause harm
2.2
safety
freedom from unacceptable risk, but not safe (2.1)
Note 1 to entry: Safety is achieved by reducing risk to a tolerable level.

Note 2 to entry: There is no complete absence of risk. In turn, there is no product or system that is without some

risk which shall be reduced to a tolerable risk (2.8).
2.3
risk

combination of the probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm

Note 1 to entry: The probability of occurrence includes the exposure to a hazardous situation (2.7), the occurrence

of a hazardous event (2.6), and the possibility to limit the harm.
2.4
harm

injury or damage to the health of people or damage to property or the environment

2.5
hazard
potential source of harm (2.4)
2.6
hazardous event
event to result in harm (2.4)
2.7
hazardous situation

circumstances in which people, property or the environment are exposed to one or more hazards

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 20183:2017
ISO/TR 20183:2015(E)
2.8
tolerable risk
acceptable risk

risk (2.3) which is acceptable in a given context based on the current values of society

Note 1 to entry: The terms “acceptable risk” and “tolerable risk” are synonymous.

2.9
risk reduction measure
protective measure
any action or means of eliminating hazards (2.5) or reducing risk (2.3)

Note 1 to entry: Risk reduction measures or protective measure could include, but are not limited to, eliminating

hazards, guarding against hazards, use of protective devices (2.22), and reducing the likelihood of hazardous

events (2.6).
2.10
residual risk

remaining risk (2.3) after risk reduction measures or protective measures (2.9) have been taken

Note 1 to entry: Following risk reduction measures, the residual risk should be less than tolerable risk (2.8), thus

providing safety (2.2).
2.11
risk analysis

systematic use of available information to identify hazards (2.5) and to eliminate risk (2.3)

2.12
risk evaluation

procedure based on the risk analysis (2.11) to determine whether a tolerable risk (2.8) has been achieved

2.13
risk assessment
overall process comprising a risk analysis (2.11) and risk evaluation (2.12
...

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