Pigments and extenders - Methods of dispersion and assessment of dispersability in plastics - Part 6: Determination by film test

This European Standard specifies a method assessing the degree of dispersion of colorants 1 ) and/or extenders in a thermoplastic polymer. The method is suitable for testing colorants and/or extenders in the form of concentrates or compounds in all polymers used for extrusion processes. The film test result determined according to this method is valid only for the equipment, conditions and test polymer being used. The use of test conditions differing from those specified might give different results. The preparation methods of concentrates or compounds are not specified in this standard. The results obtained for individual colorants and/or extenders are therefore comparable only when the same conditions of preparation for concentrates or compounds and a comparable detection system are used.

Pigmente und Füllstoffe - Dispergierverfahren und Beurteilung der Dispergierbarkeit in Kunststoffen - Teil 6: Bestimmung mit dem Folientest

Dieser Teil von EN 13900 legt ein Verfahren zum Beurteilen des Dispergierverhaltens von Farbmitteln ) und/oder Füllstoffen in einem thermoplastischen Polymer fest.
Das Verfahren ist zum Prüfen von Farbmitteln und/oder Füllstoffen in der Form von Konzentraten oder Formmassen in allen Polymeren geeignet, die für Extrusionsprozesse verwendet werden.
ANMERKUNG      Schäden wie Gele, schwarze Flecken, Löcher in der Prüffolie usw. liegen nicht im Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm.
Das nach diesem Verfahren bestimmte Ergebnis des Folientests ist nur für die angewendete Ausrüstung, die angewendeten Bedingungen und das verwendete Testpolymer gültig. Die Anwendung von Prüfbedingungen, die von den festgelegten abweichen, kann zu unterschiedlichen Ergebnissen führen. Die Verfahren zum Herstellen von Konzentraten oder Formmassen sind in dieser Norm nicht festgelegt. Die für einzelne Farbmittel und/oder Füllstoffe erhaltenen Ergebnisse sind deshalb nur vergleichbar, wenn die gleichen Bedingungen zum Herstellen von Konzentraten oder Formmassen und ein vergleichbares Nachweissystem angewendet werden.

Pigments et matières de charge - Méthodes de dispersion et évaluation de l'aptitude à la dispersion dans les plastiques - Partie 6: Détermination par essai de film

La présente partie de l'EN 13900 spécifie une méthode d'évaluation du degré de dispersion des pigments ) ou des matières de charge dans un polymère thermoplastique.
Cette méthode est utilisée pour la mise à l'essai de pigments ou de matières de charge sous forme de concentrés ou de composés dans tous les polymères utilisés pour l'extrusion.
NOTE   Les gels, tachetures noires, trous dans le film soumis à l'essai et autres défauts ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application de la présente norme.
Le résultat de l'essai sur film déterminé par application de la présente méthode n'est valide que pour l'équipement, les conditions et le polymère d'essai utilisé. La mise en œuvre de conditions d'essai différentes de celles spécifiées peut conduire à des résultats différents. Les méthodes de préparation des concentrés ou des composés ne sont pas spécifiées dans la présente norme. Les résultats obtenus pour chacun des pigments ou des matières de charge ne sont donc comparables que si les conditions de préparation des concentrés ou des composés sont identiques et qu'un système de détection comparable est utilisé.

Pigmenti in polnila - Metode disperzije in ugotavljanje disperzivnosti v plastičnih masah - 6. del: Ugotavljanje s preskusom prevleke

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Apr-2011
Publication Date
10-Feb-2014
Withdrawal Date
09-Oct-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-Oct-2018
Due Date
01-Nov-2018
Completion Date
10-Oct-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Pigmente und Füllstoffe - Dispergierverfahren und Beurteilung der Dispergierbarkeit in Kunststoffen - Teil 6: Bestimmung mit dem FolientestPigments et matières de charge - Méthodes de dispersion et évaluation de l'aptitude à la dispersion dans les plastiques - Partie 6: Détermination par essai de filmPigments and extenders - Methods of dispersion and assessment of dispersability in plastics - Part 6: Determination by film test83.040.30Pomožni materiali in aditivi za polimerne materialeAuxiliary materials and additives for plasticsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13900-6:2012SIST EN 13900-6:2014en,fr,de01-marec-2014SIST EN 13900-6:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13900-6:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13900-6
October 2012 ICS 83.040.30 English Version

Pigments and extenders - Methods of dispersion and assessment of dispersability in plastics - Part 6: Determination by film test

Pigments et matières de charge - Méthodes de dispersion et évaluation de l'aptitude à la dispersion dans les plastiques - Partie 6: Détermination par essai de film

Pigmente und Füllstoffe - Dispergierverfahren und Beurteilung der Dispergierbarkeit in Kunststoffen - Teil 6: Bestimmung mit dem Folientest This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 September 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13900-6:2012: ESIST EN 13900-6:2014

EN 13900-6:2012 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................31 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................42 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................43 Principle ..................................................................................................................................................64 Materials .................................................................................................................................................75 Apparatus ...............................................................................................................................................86 Preparation of test mixtures .................................................................................................................86.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................86.2 Test mixture ............................................................................................................................................87 Procedure ...............................................................................................................................................97.1 Calibration ..............................................................................................................................................97.2 Size ranges and resolution ...................................................................................................................97.3 Pre-conditioning ................................................................................................................................. 107.4 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 117.4.1 Production of the test polymer film .................................................................................................. 117.4.2 Production of the test mixture film ................................................................................................... 118 Evaluation ............................................................................................................................................ 129 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 1210 Precision .............................................................................................................................................. 12Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 13 SIST EN 13900-6:2014

EN 13900-6:2012 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13900-6:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 298 “Pigments and extenders”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by April 2013. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. EN 13900, Pigments and extenders — Methods of dispersion and assessment of dispersibility in plastics, contains the following parts:  Part 1: General introduction;  Part 2: Determination of colouristic properties and ease of dispersion in plasticized polyvinyl chloride by two-roll milling;  Part 3: Determination of colouristic properties and ease of dispersion of black and colour pigments in polyethylene by two-roll milling;  Part 4: Determination of colouristic properties and ease of dispersion of white pigments in polyethylene by two-roll milling;  Part 5: Determination by filter pressure value test;  Part 6: Determination by film test (the present document). According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13900-6:2014

EN 13900-6:2012 (E) 4 1 Scope This European Standard specifies a method assessing the degree of dispersion of colorants1) and/or extenders in a thermoplastic polymer.

The method is suitable for testing colorants and/or extenders in the form of concentrates or compounds in all polymers used for extrusion processes. NOTE Defects like gels, black specks, holes in the test film etc. are not in the scope of this standard. The film test result determined according to this method is valid only for the equipment, conditions and test polymer being used. The use of test conditions differing from those specified might give different results. The preparation methods of concentrates or compounds are not specified in this standard. The results obtained for individual colorants and/or extenders are therefore comparable only when the same conditions of preparation for concentrates or compounds and a comparable detection system are used. 2 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 2.1 speck defect caused by agglomerates, aggregates and primary particles of the colorant and/or extender, impurities of basic test polymer

2.2 primary particle of the colorant smallest single unit detectable by physical methods

Note 1 to entry: Suitable physical methods are, for example, optical and electron microscopy. 2.3 aggregate particle comprising strongly bonded or fused particles where the resulting external surface area may be significantly smaller than the sum of calculated surface areas of the individual components Note 1 to entry: The forces holding an aggregate together are strong forces, for example, covalent bonds, or those resulting from sintering or complex physical entanglement. Note 2 to entry: Aggregates are also termed secondary particles and the original source particles are termed primary particles. [SOURCE: ISO/TS 27687:2008, 3.3] 2.4 agglomerate collection of weekly bound particles or aggregates or mixtures of the two where the resulting external surface area is similar to the sum of the surface areas of the individual components Note 1 to entry: The forces holding an agglomerate together are weak forces, for example van der Waals forces, or simple physical entanglement.

1) For the definition of colorant see, ISO 4618:2006, 2.58 colouring material. SIST EN 13900-6:2014

EN 13900-6:2012 (E) 5 Note 2 to entry: Agglomerates are also termed secondary particles and the original source particles are termed primary particles. [SOURCE: ISO/TS 27687:2008, 3.2] 2.5 total speck size range

specified upper and lower limits of particle sizes
2.6

speck size class one or more categories defined by a minimum and maximum value of speck sizes within the total speck size range 2.7 inspected film area film area from the beginning to the end of the measurement

Note 1 to entr
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