Paints and varnishes - Assessment of emissions of substances from coatings into indoor air - Sampling, conditioning and testing

This European Standard specifies a reference method for the determination of emissions from coatings into indoor air. This method is applicable to volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds and volatile aldehydes.
NOTE   This European Standard is aimed at describing the overall procedure and makes use of existing standards mainly by normative reference complemented when necessary with additional or modified normative requirements.
This European Standard applies to coatings for indoor use as listed in Clause 5.It is not applicable to coatings that are applied off site or coatings that are applied on site, prior to the structure being permanently weatherproof. It is not applicable for tinting pastes that are not ready for use as coating.
It is mainly aimed at determining emission data in indoor air for the purpose of voluntary labelling of products but may also be used for CE marking and associated Attestation of Conformity in the case of products that are covered by the construction products directive.

Beschichtungsstoffe - Bestimmung der Emissionen regulierter gefährlicher Stoffe von Beschichtungen in die Innenraumluft - Probenahme, Probenvorbereitung und Prüfung

Dieses Dokument legt ein Referenzverfahren zur Bestimmung der Emissionen von Beschichtungen in die Innenraumluft fest. Das Verfahren ist für flüchtige organische Verbindungen, schwerflüchtige organische Verbindungen und flüchtige Aldehyde anwendbar.
ANMERKUNG 1   Dieses Dokument zielt darauf ab, das allgemeine Verfahren unter Verwendung bestehender Normen, hauptsächlich durch normative Verweisungen, die durch weitere oder modifizierte normative Festlegungen ergänzt werden, soweit erforderlich, zu beschreiben.
Dieses Dokument ist hauptsächlich für die Bestimmung von Emissionsdaten in der Innenraumluft bestimmt, um nationaler Gesetzgebung zu entsprechen, und für die freiwillige Kennzeichnung von Produkten.
ANMERKUNG 2   Harmonisierte Produktnormen für Beschichtungen, die unter die BauPVO fallen, können sich auf diese Norm für die Bedingungen der bestimmungsgemäßen Verwendung beziehen.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Beschichtungen für Innenräume, wie in Abschnitt 5 aufgelistet.
Es gilt nicht für:
   Beschichtungen, die außerhalb des Geländes oder vor Ort angewandt werden, bevor die Struktur dauerhaft wetterbeständig ist, mit Ausnahme von Produkttypen der Kategorie 7, die in Abschnitt 5 aufgelistet sind;
   Farbpasten, die noch nicht für den Einsatz als Beschichtung geeignet sind;
   nicht filmbildende Produkte wie z. B. Wachse und Imprägnierungen.

Peintures et vernis - Evaluation des émissions de substances émanant des revêtements dans l'air intérieur - Echantillonnage, conditionnement et essais

Le présent document spécifie une méthode de référence pour la détermination des émissions des revêtements dans l’air intérieur. Cette méthode est applicable aux composés organiques volatils, aux composés organiques semi-volatils et aux aldéhydes volatils.
NOTE 1   Le présent document vise à décrire le mode opératoire global et recourt à des normes existantes, principalement sous forme de références normatives complétées, si nécessaire, par des exigences normatives supplémentaires ou modifiées.
Le présent document est principalement destiné à déterminer les données d’émission dans l’air intérieur dans le but de satisfaire aux exigences réglementaires nationales et de répondre aux besoins de l’étiquetage volontaire des produits.
NOTE 2   Les normes de produits harmonisées pour les revêtements relevant du RPC peuvent se référer à la présente norme pour les conditions d’utilisation prévues.
Le présent document s’applique aux revêtements à usage intérieur énumérés à l’Article 5.
Il n’est pas applicable :
-   aux revêtements qui sont appliqués hors site ou aux revêtements qui sont appliqués sur place, avant que la résistance permanente de la structure aux intempéries soit assurée, sauf pour la catégorie de type de produit 7 énumérée à l’Article 5 ;
-   aux pâtes colorantes qui ne sont pas préparées en vue d’une utilisation en tant que revêtement ;
-   aux produits non filmogènes tels que les cires et les imprégnations, par exemple.

Barve in laki - Ocenjevanje emisij snovi iz premazov v notranji zrak - Vzorčenje, priprava vzorcev in preskušanje

Ta evropski standard določa referenčno metodo za določanje emisij iz premazov v notranji zrak. Ta metoda se uporablja za hlapne organske spojine, polhlapne organske spojine in hlapne aldehide.
OPOMBA: Ta evropski standard je namenjen opisu celotnega postopka in uporablja obstoječe standarde večinoma kot reference, ki so po potrebi dopolnjene z dodatnimi ali spremenjenimi normativnimi zahtevami.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za premaze za uporabo v zaprtih prostorih, kot so navedeni v točki 5. Ne uporablja se za premaze, ki se ne nanašajo na mestu uporabe, ali premaze, ki se nanašajo na mestu uporabe, preden je struktura trajno vremensko odporna. Ne uporablja se za niansirne paste, ki niso pripravljene za uporabo kot premazi.
Namenjen je predvsem določanju podatkov o emisijah v zraku v zaprtih prostorih za namen prostovoljnega označevanja proizvodov, lahko pa se uporablja tudi za oznako CE in s tem povezano potrdilo o skladnosti v primeru proizvodov, ki jih zajema direktiva o gradbenih proizvodih.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Nov-2017
Publication Date
12-Mar-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
04-Mar-2019
Due Date
09-May-2019
Completion Date
13-Mar-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16402:2019
01-april-2019
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SIST EN 16402:2014

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Paints and varnishes - Assessment of emissions of substances from coatings into indoor

air - Sampling, conditioning and testing

Beschichtungsstoffe - Bestimmung der Emissionen regulierter gefährlicher Stoffe von

Beschichtungen in die Innenraumluft - Probenahme, Probenvorbereitung und Prüfung

Peintures et vernis - Evaluation des émissions de substances émanant des revêtements

dans l'air intérieur - Echantillonnage, conditionnement et essais
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16402:2019
ICS:
13.040.20 Kakovost okoljskega zraka Ambient atmospheres
87.040 Barve in laki Paints and varnishes
SIST EN 16402:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 16402:2019
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SIST EN 16402:2019
EN 16402
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.040.20; 87.040 Supersedes EN 16402:2013
English Version
Paints and varnishes - Assessment of emissions of
substances from coatings into indoor air - Sampling,
conditioning and testing

Peintures et vernis - Évaluation des émissions de Beschichtungsstoffe - Bestimmung der Emissionen

substances émanant des revêtements dans l'air regulierter gefährlicher Stoffe von Beschichtungen in

intérieur - Échantillonnage, conditionnement et essais die Innenraumluft - Probenahme, Probenvorbereitung

und Prüfung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 December 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16402:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 16402:2019
EN 16402:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

3.1 Terms relating to sampling and product ................................................................................................ 7

3.2 Terms relating to emissions into indoor air and associated laboratory testing ...................... 8

3.3 Terms relating to determination of emitted substances ............................................................... 10

3.4 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................ 12

4 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 12

5 Product categories ....................................................................................................................................... 13

6 Relevant substances emitted from coatings ....................................................................................... 14

7 Intended conditions of use, Emission scenarios and European reference room .................. 14

7.1 Intended conditions of use and emission scenario .......................................................................... 14

7.2 Reference room and emission scenario ............................................................................................... 14

7.3 Ventilation in the reference room.......................................................................................................... 16

7.4 Climate conditions of the reference room........................................................................................... 16

7.5 Time schedule of emission determination ......................................................................................... 16

8 Product sampling and transport ............................................................................................................ 16

8.1 Population of the product to be considered for testing ................................................................. 16

8.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 16

8.3 Transport ........................................................................................................................................................ 17

8.4 Chain of custody ............................................................................................................................................ 17

8.5 Dispatch of samples, time schedule ....................................................................................................... 18

9 Handling of product samples in the laboratory ................................................................................ 18

9.1 Storage ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

9.2 Preparation of test specimen: Coatings ............................................................................................... 18

9.3 Preparation of test specimen: coating systems ................................................................................. 22

9.4 Preconditioning ............................................................................................................................................ 22

10 Test chamber conditions ........................................................................................................................... 23

10.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 23

10.2 Dimensions of test specimen ................................................................................................................... 23

10.3 Loading factor ................................................................................................................................................ 23

10.4 Ventilation ...................................................................................................................................................... 24

10.5 Air velocity ...................................................................................................................................................... 24

10.6 Cleanliness of test chamber ...................................................................................................................... 24

10.7 Testing climate (temperature, relative humidity of supply air) ................................................. 24

10.8 Storage of test specimen ............................................................................................................................ 24

10.9 Large products or inhomogeneous products ..................................................................................... 25

10.10 Volume of test chamber ............................................................................................................................. 25

10.11 Placement of test specimen in test chamber ...................................................................................... 25

11 Determination of vapour-phase organic compounds in test chamber air .............................. 25

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EN 16402:2019 (E)

11.1 Common requirements ............................................................................................................................... 25

11.2 Determination of VOCs and SVOCs in test chamber air .................................................................. 26

11.3 Determination of formaldehyde and some other volatile and very volatile carbonyl

compounds in test chamber air ............................................................................................................... 34

11.4 Other general aspects of quality control .............................................................................................. 35

12 Calculation of specific emission rates and expression of results at the reference

room .................................................................................................................................................................. 36

13 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 39

13.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 39

13.2 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 39

13.3 Handling of samples in the laboratory, preparation of test specimen ...................................... 39

13.4 Test chamber conditions ........................................................................................................................... 40

13.5 Determination of vapour-phase organic compounds in test chamber air ............................... 40

13.6 Calculation of specific emission rates and expression of results in terms of air

concentration in the reference room .................................................................................................... 40

14 "Indirect" methods ....................................................................................................................................... 41

Annex A (informative) Repeatability and reproducibility .......................................................................... 42

A.1 Repeatability .................................................................................................................................................. 42

A.2 Reproducibility .............................................................................................................................................. 42

Annex B (informative) Examples of indirect methods (also called simplified, screening,

secondary, derived or alternative methods) ...................................................................................... 44

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 44

B.2 Indirect methods-emissions testing ...................................................................................................... 44

B.3 Indirect methods specifying alternative procedures ...................................................................... 45

B.4 Other secondary methods — Prediction of results at specified time ........................................ 45

Annex C (informative) Information on very volatile organic compound (VVOC) testing ................ 46

Annex D (informative) Example of a form for the sampling report ........................................................ 47

Annex E (informative) Example of a form for a chain of custody report ............................................... 48

Annex F (informative) Benzene artefact generation on Tenax TA .......................................................... 49

Annex G (normative) List of non-carcinogenic VOCs .................................................................................... 50

Annex H (informative) List of carcinogenic VOCs .......................................................................................... 58

Annex I (informative) Overview of test procedure........................................................................................ 60

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 61

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SIST EN 16402:2019
EN 16402:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16402:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 139 “Paints and

varnishes”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2019, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by August 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 16402:2013.
The main changes compared to the previous version are as follows:

— alignment with horizontal standard EN 16516:2017 (especially Clauses 10 to 14);

— terms and definitions updated;

— new product category “Reactive coatings for fire protection of metallic substrates” added;

— new Clause 7.1 “Intended conditions of use and emission scenario” added;
— new Clause 7.2 “Reference room and emission scenario” added;
— Clause 9.2 “Preparation of test specimen: Coatings” revised;

— new Table 4 “Preconditioning of Reactive coatings for fire protection of metallic substrates” added;

— new informative Annex A “Repeatability and reproducibility” added;

— annex on simplified, screening, secondary, derived or alternative methods revised;

— standard editorially revised.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 16402:2019
EN 16402:2019 (E)
Introduction

This document aligns with the horizontal method (see EN 16516:2017) for emission testing of

construction products (developed in according to the Mandate M/366) and specifies the product

specific details for architectural coatings (and their relevant product categories) and reactive coatings

for fire protection of metallic substrates, as described in Clause 5. Clauses 10 to 12, 13.6, Clause 14,

Annexes B, and D to H are adopted from EN 16516:2017 without modifications.

Architectural/decorative coatings are not included in the Construction Products Regulation (CPR).

The determination of emission into indoor air is to be made under the conditions of use during the

service life. The determination of emissions specified in this document is associated with an emission

scenario which specifies the climate and ventilation conditions of the air surrounding the product in a

reference room. It is not applicable for the determination of emissions during the application.

A reference room is needed since it is not possible to evaluate emissions by testing in all possible use

situations. The reference room dimensions and the resulting loading factors, the climate and ventilation

conditions are the reference representing the general indoor air conditions. Based on the huge amount

of available European experience, it was possible to identify one emission scenario and one reference

room including a set of loading factors to be used.

This method is using a test chamber in which emissions are generated under conditions maintained

constant during the test. These conditions are selected so that the results could be expressed either as

emission rates or converted to concentrations in the reference room by calculations within the ranges

where such calculations are valid.

This document also addresses separately (see Clause 14 and informative Annex B) the simplified test

methods, indirect test methods, secondary/alternative test methods that provide within their specific

field of application a result comparable or correlated to the result of the reference method. Such

methods can be easier to apply and/or cheaper. They can be used especially for Factory Production

Control testing (FPC).

The aim of this document is not to develop a new testing method but to combine by normative

references the use of existing standards complemented, when necessary, with additional and/or

modified requirements so that architectural coatings for fire protection or metallic substrates can be

evaluated under comparable conditions with regard to emission into indoor air.

In particular, the horizontal test methods for emission testing of construction products (see

EN 16516:2017) as developed regarding to Mandate M/366 have been considered and will be taken

into account for further revisions of this document to ensure that comparable methods are applied for

construction products as defined in Mandate M/366 and coatings covered by the horizontal standard

EN 16516:2017.
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SIST EN 16402:2019
EN 16402:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies a reference method for the determination of emissions from coatings into

indoor air. This method is applicable to volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds

and volatile aldehydes.

NOTE 1 This document is aimed at describing the overall procedure and makes use of existing standards

mainly by normative reference complemented when necessary with additional or modified normative

requirements.

This document is mainly aimed at determining emission data in indoor air for the purpose of meeting

national legislation requirements, and for the voluntary labelling of products.

NOTE 2 Harmonized product standards for coatings falling under the CPR can refer to this standard for the

intended conditions of use.
This document applies to coatings for indoor use as listed in Clause 5.
It is not applicable for:

— coatings that are applied off site or coatings that are applied on site, prior to the structure being

permanently weatherproof except for the product type category 7 as listed in Clause 5;

— tinting pastes that are not ready for use as coating;
— non film-forming products like e.g. waxes and impregnations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 13300, Paints and varnishes — Water-borne coating materials and coating systems for interior walls

and ceilings — Classification

EN 15824, Specifications for external renders and internal plasters based on organic binders

EN 16623, Paints and varnishes — Reactive coatings for fire protection of metallic substrates —

Definitions, requirements, characteristics and marking

EN ISO 13137, Workplace atmospheres — Pumps for personal sampling of chemical and biological

agents — Requirements and test methods (ISO 13137)

EN ISO 16000-9:2006, Indoor air — Part 9: Determination of the emission of volatile organic compounds

from building products and furnishing — Emission test chamber method (ISO 16000-9:2006)

EN ISO 16000-11:2006, Indoor air — Part 11: Determination of the emission of volatile organic

compounds from building products and furnishing — Sampling, storage of samples and preparation of test

specimens (ISO 16000-11:2006)

EN ISO 16017-1, Indoor, ambient and workplace air — Sampling and analysis of volatile organic

compounds by sorbent tube/thermal desorption/capillary gas chromatography — Part 1: Pumped

sampling (ISO 16017-1)
ISO 554, Standard atmospheres for conditioning and/or testing — Specifications
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SIST EN 16402:2019
EN 16402:2019 (E)

ISO 16000-3, Indoor air — Part 3: Determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds in

indoor air and test chamber air — Active sampling method

ISO 16000-6, Indoor air — Part 6: Determination of volatile organic compounds in indoor and test

chamber air by active sampling on Tenax TA sorbent, thermal desorption and gas chromatography using

MS or MS-FID
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1 Terms relating to sampling and product
3.1.1
sampling plan

predetermined procedure for the selection, withdrawal, preservation and transportation of product

samples
[SOURCE: CEN/TR 16220:2011, 2.3]
3.1.2
sample

representative portion of product or material selected from a larger quantity of product or material

Note 1 to entry: The term “sample” is often accompanied by a prefix (e.g. laboratory sample, test sample, test

specimen) specifying the type of sample and/or the specific step in the sampling process to which the obtained

material relates.
[SOURCE: IUPAC:1990, 2.1.1, modified — Note 1 to entry was added]
3.1.3
laboratory sample
sample or sub-sample(s) sent to or received by the laboratory

Note 1 to entry: The laboratory sample is the final sample from the point of view of sample collection but it is

the initial sample from the point of view of the laboratory.

Note 2 to entry: When the laboratory sample is further prepared by mixing, drying, grinding or by combinations

of these operations, the result is the test sample. When no preparation of the laboratory sample is required, the

laboratory sample is the test sample. A test portion is removed from the test sample for the performance of the

test/analysis or for the preparation of a test specimen.
[SOURCE: IUPAC:1990, 2.5.5, modified — Notes 1 and 2 to entry were added]
3.1.4
curing

hardening of freshly prepared mixtures under well-defined conditions (time, temperature, humidity,

etc.)
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EN 16402:2019 (E)
3.1.5
curing time

minimal time defined necessary for curing before an emission test can be executed to obtain test results

that are relevant to in use conditions
[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.1.3]

3.2 Terms relating to emissions into indoor air and associated laboratory testing

3.2.1
emission
liberation of chemical substances from a product into air
3.2.2
emission test chamber

enclosure with controlled operational parameters for the determination of volatile organic compounds

emitted from products
[SOURCE: EN ISO 16000-9:2006, 3.6]
3.2.3
intended conditions of use

conditions that a product is expected to experience during service life and that influence its emission

behaviour
[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.8]
3.2.4
test sample

sample, prepared from the laboratory sample, from which test portions are removed for testing or for

analysis
[SOURCE: IUPAC:1990, 2.5.6]
3.2.5
test portion

quantity or volume removed from the test sample for analysis purposes, generally of known weight or

volume
[SOURCE: IUPAC:1990, 2.5.7]
3.2.6
product loading factor

ratio of exposed surface area of the test specimen and the free emission test chamber volume

[SOURCE: EN ISO 16000-9:2006, 3.8]
3.2.7
test specimen

part of the sample specially prepared for emission testing in an emission test chamber in order to

simulate the emission behaviour of the material or product that is tested under intended conditions of

use
[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.16]
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EN 16402:2019 (E)
3.2.8
air flow rate
ventilation rate
air volume entering into the emission test chamber per unit of time

Note 1 to entry: Air flow rate is expressed in litres per second or in cubic metres per hour (l/s, m /h).

[SOURCE: EN ISO 16000-9:2006, 3.2 modified — The synonym ventilation rate and note 1 to entry were

added]
3.2.9
air change rate

ratio of the volume of air brought into the test chamber per hour and the volume of the empty test

chamber
Note 1 to entry: Air change rate is expressed as h .
[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.1]
3.2.10
specific air flow rate
ratio of air change rate and product loading factor

Note 1 to entry: Specific air flow rate can be expressed as the area specific air flow rate q , equivalent to ratio of

3 2

the air flow rate and the surface area of the test specimen in [m /m · h], which is equivalent to the expression

[m/h].
[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.12; modified — Note 2 to entry was deleted]
3.2.11
emission test chamber concentration

mass concentration of a specific vapour phase organic compound (VVOC, VOC or SVOC) (or group of

vapour phase organic compounds) in test chamber air measured at the emission test chamber outlet

[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.7]
3.2.12
reference room

room with specified dimensions, climate and ventilation used as a reference for calculating and

reporting product emissions, assuming inert surfaces
Note 1 to entry: In this document, a reference room is specified in 7.2.

Note 2 to entry: The reference room serves as a convention and is a model that does not represent a real room.

[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.11; modified — Note 1 to entry was editorially revised and the

reference was changed to 7.2]
3.2.13
mass concentration of the compound in the reference room air

calculated concentration of a specific vapour phase organic compound (VVOC, VOC or SVOC) or group of

vapour phase organic compounds in the reference room
[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.9]
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EN 16402:2019 (E)
3.2.14
specific emission rate
SER
emission factor

mass of a vapour phase organic compound emitted (VVOC, VOC or SVOC) per unit of product per unit of

time at a given time from the start of the test

Note 1 to entry: This definition is intended to avoid confusion between the terms q (in 3.1.2.13) and q with a

subscript (q , q , q , q , q used for specific air flow rate in EN ISO 16000-9:2006). The specific emission rate can

A L v m u

be related to area, length, volume, mass or unit, expressed as SERA in µg/(m ·h), SERL in µg/(m·h), SERV in

µg/(m ·h), SERm in µg/(kg·h), or SERU expressed in µg/(u·h).

[SOURCE: EN 16516:2017, 3.1.2.13, modified — Emission factor included as synonym instead of as part

of the abbreviation]
3.2.15
chamber blank value

test result obtained by carrying out the test procedure in the absence of a test specimen

Note 1 to entry: Blank value is expressed in micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m ).
3.3 Terms relating to determination of emitted substances
3.3.1
LCI value
Lowest Concentration of Interest

substance-specific value, quoted in terms of mass concentration in the air of the reference room, for

health- related evaluation of emission levels from construction products

Note 1 to entry: This term can be used in conjunction with any available list of LCI values.

3.3.2
limit value
numerical limit derived from national, European or contractual provisions
3.3.3
R value
sum of all Ri values obtained during a given test
3.3.4
R value
ratio C / LCI , where
i i
— C is the mass concentration in the air of the reference room;
— LCI is the LCI v
...

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