This document specifies requirements and guidelines for systems and equipment used to evacuate plume generated by medical devices.
 This document applies to all types of plume evacuation systems (PESs), including
a)       portable;
b)       mobile;
c)        stationary, including dedicated central pipelines;
d)       PESs integrated into other equipment;
e)       PESs for endoscopic procedures (e.g., minimally invasive, laparoscopic)
This document applies to all healthcare facilities where PESs are used, including, but not limited to
a)       surgical facilities;
b)       medical offices;
c)        cosmetic treatment facilities;
d)       medical teaching facilities;
e)       dental clinics;
f)         veterinary facilities.
This document provides guidance on the following aspects of PESs:
a)       importance;
b)       purchasing;
c)        design;
d)       manufacture;
e)       documentation;
f)         function;
g)       performance;
h)       installation;
i)         commissioning;
j)         testing;
k)       training;
l)         use;
m)     risk assessment;
n)       servicing;
o)       maintenance.
This document does not apply to the following:
a)       anaesthetic gas scavenging systems (AGSSs) which are covered in ISO 7396-2;
b)       medical vacuum systems which are covered in ISO 7396-1;
c)        heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems;
d)       aspects of laser safety other than airborne contamination; and
e)       aspects of electrosurgery, electrocautery, and mechanical surgical tools other than airborne contamination produced by such equipment resulting from interaction with tissue or materials.

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This document specifies requirements for flow control devices that can be connected by the user either directly, by means of a probe or a gas-specific connector, or indirectly by means of a low-pressure hose assembly conforming with ISO 5359 to:
a)    a terminal unit conforming with ISO 9170-1 of a medical gas pipeline system conforming with ISO 7396-1:2016;
b)    the pressure outlet of a regulator conforming with ISO 10524-1:2018; or
c)    to the pressure outlet of a valve integrated pressure regulator (VIPR) conforming with ISO 10524-3 (see 5.2 gas inlets).
This document applies to the following types of flow control devices (FCDs):
a)    flowmeters;
b)    flowgauge FCDs; and
c)    fixed orifice FCDs.
NOTE       Flow control devices that are classed as medical electrical equipment can be subject to additional requirements of IEC 60601-1.
This document applies to flow control devices for the following gases:
—    oxygen;
—    oxygen 93 %;
—    nitrous oxide;
—    medical air;
—    carbon dioxide;
—    oxygen/nitrous oxide mixture 50/50 (% volume fraction);
—    oxygen-enriched air;
—    helium;
—    xenon; and
—    specified mixtures of the gases listed above.
NOTE Flow control devices can be available for other gases.
This document does not apply to flow control devices that are:
a)    for use with gases for driving surgical tools;
b)    an integral part of a regulator (see ISO 10524-1:2018); or
c)           an integral part of a valve with integrated pressure regulator (VIPR) (see ISO 10524-3).

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of a critical care ventilator in combination with its accessories, hereafter referred to as ME equipment:
¾     intended for use in an environment that provides specialized care for patients whose conditions can be life-threatening and who can require comprehensive care and constant monitoring in a professional healthcare facility;
NOTE 2      For the purposes of this document, such an environment is referred to as a critical care environment. Ventilators for this environment are considered life-sustaining.
NOTE 3      For the purposes of this document, such a critical care ventilator can provide ventilation during transport within a professional healthcare facility (i.e. be a transit-operable ventilator).
NOTE 4      A critical care ventilator intended for use in transport within a professional healthcare facility is not considered as an emergency medical services environment ventilator.
¾     intended to be operated by a healthcare professional operator; and
¾     intended for those patients who need differing levels of support from artificial ventilation including for ventilator-dependent patients.
A critical care ventilator is not considered to use a physiologic closed-loop-control system unless it uses a physiological patient variable to adjust the artificial ventilation therapy settings.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to a ventilator breathing system, or to a ventilator, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the ventilator.
NOTE 5     If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 6     Additional information can be found in IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 4.2.
This document is not applicable to ME equipment or an ME system operating in a ventilator-operational mode solely intended for patients who are not dependent on artificial ventilation.
NOTE 7     A critical care ventilator, when operating in such a ventilator-operational mode, is not considered life-sustaining.
This document is not applicable to ME equipment that is intended solely to augment the ventilation of spontaneously breathing patients within a professional healthcare facility.
This document does not specify the requirements for:
NOTE 8     See ISO/TR 21954 for guidance on the selection of the appropriate ventilator for a given patient.
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for anaesthetic applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑13;
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for the emergency medical services environment, which are given in ISO 80601-2-84;
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for ventilator-dependent patients in the home healthcare environment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2-72;
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for home-care ventilatory support devices, which are given in ISO 80601-2-79 and ISO 80601-2-80;
¾     obstructive sleep a

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of an EMS ventilator in combination with its accessories, hereafter also referred to as ME equipment:
¾     intended for patients who need differing levels of support from artificial ventilation including ventilator-dependent patients;
¾     intended to be operated by a healthcare professional operator;
¾     intended for use in the EMS environment; and
¾     intended for invasive or non-invasive ventilation.
NOTE 2     An EMS ventilator can also be used for transport within a professional healthcare facility.
An EMS ventilator is not considered to use a physiologic closed loop-control system unless it uses a physiological patient variable to adjust the  artificial ventilation therapy settings.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to the ventilator breathing system, or to an EMS ventilator, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the EMS ventilator.
NOTE 3     If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601‑1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 4     Additional information can be found in IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 4.2.
This document does not specify the requirements for the following:
NOTE 5     See ISO/TR 21954 for guidance on the selection of the appropriate ventilator for a given patient. 
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for ventilator-dependent patients in critical care applications, which are given in ISO 80601-2-12.
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for ventilator-dependent patients in the home healthcare environment, which are given in ISO 80601-2-72.
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for anaesthetic applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑13.
¾     ventilators or accessories intended for ventilatory support equipment (intended only to augment the ventilation of spontaneously breathing patients), which are given in ISO 80601‑2-79 and ISO 80601-2-80.
¾     obstructive sleep apnoea therapy ME equipment, which are given in ISO 80601‐2‐70.
¾     user-powered resuscitators, which are given in ISO 10651‐4.
¾     gas-powered emergency resuscitators, which are given in ISO 10651‐5.
¾     continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) ME equipment.
¾     high‐frequency jet ventilators (HFJVs), which are given in ISO 80601-2-87.
¾     high‐frequency oscillatory ventilators (HFOVs)[44], which are given in ISO 80601-2-87.
NOTE 6      An EMS ventilator can incorporate high-frequency jet or high-frequency oscillatory ventilation-modes.
¾     respiratory high-flow therapy equipment, which are given in ISO 80601-2-90.
NOTE 7      An EMS ventilator can incorporate high-flow therapy operational mode, but such a mode is only for spontaneously breathing patients.
¾     oxygen therapy constant flow ME equipment.
¾     cuirass or “iron‐lung” ventilators.

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This document specifies requirements for the safety and performance testing of general-purpose nebulizing systems intended for continuous or breath-actuated delivery of liquids, in aerosol form, to humans through the respiratory system.
This document includes gas-powered nebulizers (which can be powered by, e.g., compressors, pipeline systems, cylinders, etc.) and electrically powered nebulizers [e.g. spinning disc, ultrasonic, vibrating mesh (active and passive), and capillary devices] or manually powered nebulizers. This document does not specify the electrical requirements of electrically powered nebulizers.
This document does not specify the minimum performance of nebulizing systems.
This document does not apply to:
a)       devices intended for nasal deposition;
b)       devices intended solely to provide humidification or hydration by providing water in aerosol form.
NOTE 1        ISO 80601-2-74 and ISO 20789 cover these devices.
c)        drug-specific nebulizers or their components (e.g. metered dose inhalers, metered liquid inhalers, dry powder inhalers).
NOTE 2        ISO 20072 covers these devices.
NOTE 3        See Annex A for rationale.

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This document specifies minimum requirements for breathing sets and breathing tubes intended to be used with anaesthetic breathing systems, ventilator breathing systems, humidifiers or nebulizers. It applies to breathing sets and breathing tubes and patient end adaptors supplied already assembled and to those supplied as components and assembled in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
This document is applicable to breathing sets which include special components (e.g. water traps) between the patient end and machine end.
Provision is made for coaxial and related bifurcated, double-lumen, or multiple-lumen breathing sets and breathing tubes suitable for use with patient end adaptors.

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of a ventilator in combination with its accessories, hereafter referred to as ME equipment:
—    intended for use in the home healthcare environment;
—    intended for use by a lay operator; and
—    intended for those patients who need differing levels of support from artificial ventilation including for ventilator-dependent patients.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to a ventilator breathing system or to a ventilator where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the ventilator.

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This document specifies requirements for user-powered resuscitators intended for use with all age groups and which are intended to provide lung ventilation to patients whose breathing is inadequate. User-powered resuscitators are designated according to ideal body mass range.
Example user-powered resuscitators include:
—    self-inflating bag resuscitators intended to be squeezed by the user’s hand and refilled by elastic recoil; and
NOTE 1    Self-inflating bag resuscitators are generally transit-operable and can be used in a wide range of environmental and emergency situations.
—    flow-inflating bag resuscitators intended to be squeezed by the user’s hand and refilled by a flow from a medical gas source.
This document is also applicable to those accessories that are intended for use with resuscitators where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the safety of the user-powered resuscitator.
Examples of such accessories include face masks, PEEP valves, capnometric indicators, manometers, metronomes, flow restrictors, filters, gas refill valves, oxygen gas mixers, connectors, electronic feedback devices, electronic sensors and transmission of data to other equipment.
This document is also applicable to point-of-use packaging.
This document does not specify the requirements for:
—    gas-powered emergency resuscitators, which are given in ISO 10651-5;
—    electrically-powered resuscitators;
—    gas powered resuscitators for professional healthcare facilities; and
—    anaesthetic reservoir bags, which are given in ISO 5362.
NOTE 2    This document has been prepared to address the relevant essential principles[24] and labelling[25] guidances of the International Medical Devices Regulators Forum (IMDRF) as indicated in Annex D.
NOTE 3    This document has been prepared to address the relevant essential principles of safety and performance of ISO 16142-1:2016 as indicated in Annex E.
NOTE 4    This document has been prepared to address the relevant general safety and performance requirements of European regulation (EU) 2017/745[23] as indicated in Annex F.

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This document provides specific requirements for the basic safety and essential performance for oro-tracheal and naso-tracheal tubes and tracheal tube connectors, tracheal tubes with walls reinforced with metal or plastic, tracheal tubes with shoulders, tapered tracheal tubes, tracheal tubes with means for suctioning, monitoring or delivery of drugs or other gases, and the many other types of tracheal tubes devised for specialized applications.
Tracheobronchial (including endobronchial) tubes (see ISO 16628), tracheostomy tubes (see ISO 5366), and supralaryngeal airways (see ISO 11712) are excluded from the scope of this document.
Tracheal tubes intended for use with flammable anaesthetic gases or agents, lasers, or electrosurgical equipment are outside the scope of this document.
NOTE 1      There is guidance or rationale for this clause contained in Annex A.2.
NOTE 2      ISO 11990-1, ISO 11990-2, and ISO 14408 deal with laser surgery of the airway.

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This document specifies requirements for safety, materials, design and information supplied with tracheobronchial tubes. These devices are used when isolation of the airways of one or both lungs is required.
Tracheal tubes that include bronchus blockers are excluded from the scope of this document

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This document specifies essential performance and safety requirements for cuff pressure indicators used to indicate the intracuff pressure of airway devices, such as supralaryngeal airways, tracheal tubes or tracheostomy tubes.
This document is also applicable to devices that combine intracuff pressure indication with a method of cuff inflation (such as a syringe or pump). The device can also provide a method of automatically maintaining cuff inflation at a specific pressure or within a pressure range.
The requirements specified in this document apply to stand-alone cuff pressure indicators and those integrated into other medical devices e.g. ventilators anaesthesia workstations etc.

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This document specifies performance requirements for voice prostheses including requirements for marking, packaging and information to be provided by the manufacturer as well as test methods for the evaluation of physical characteristics of voice prostheses.
NOTE      There is guidance or rationale for this list item contained in A.2.

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This document specifies safety and performance requirements for manually powered suction equipment intended for oro-pharyngeal suction. It applies to equipment operated by foot or by hand or both.
The commonest use of manually powered suction is in situations outside of healthcare settings often described as field use or transport use. Use in these situations may involve extreme conditions of weather or terrain. Additional/alternative requirements for manually powered suction equipment intended for field use or transport use are included in this document.
This document does not apply to mucus extractors.

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This document specifies minimum performance and safety requirements for air entrainment devices used for delivery of designated oxygen concentrations to patients. It provides a test method to check the accuracy of the oxygen concentration in the air/oxygen mixture generated by the air entrainment devices. Air entrainment devices can be fixed to deliver a single oxygen concentration or adjustable, to deliver a range of oxygen concentration outputs.
This document also specifies marking requirements and recommends an optional system of colour coding to assist the user in identifying the designated oxygen concentration.
This document does not cover air entrainment devices which are integral with medical devices specified in other standards (e.g. emergency lung ventilators, humidifiers, nebulizers).

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This document specifies basic safety and performance requirements for medical suction equipment powered from a vacuum or positive pressure gas source generating venturi suction. It applies to suction equipment connected to medical gas pipeline systems or cylinders and venturi attachments and can be standalone or part of an integrated system.

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of an infant cardiorespiratory monitor, as defined in 3.10, hereafter also referred to as ME equipment, in combination with its accessories:
—    intended for use in the home healthcare environment;
—    intended for use by a lay operator;
—    intended to monitor cardiorespiratory parameters in sleeping or resting children under three years of age; and
—    intended for transit-operable use.
NOTE       An infant cardiorespiratory monitor can also be used in professional health care facilities.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to the infant cardiorespiratory monitor, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the infant cardiorespiratory monitor.
EXAMPLE        probes, cables distributed alarm system

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This document specifies safety and performance requirements for electrically powered medical and surgical suction equipment. It applies to equipment used in health care facilities such as hospitals, for domiciliary care of patients and for field use and transport use.

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This document specifies requirements for low-flow nasal cannulae, used in both home care and hospital environments for the administration of oxygen therapy.
This document does not include requirements to prevent the proliferation of fire within the tubing but does specify a user-detachable connection that can be used to fit a fire-activated oxygen shut-off device.

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This document gives requirements for labels attached to syringes so that the contents can be identified just before use during anaesthesia. It covers the colour, size, design and general properties of the label and the typographical characteristics of the wording for the drug name.
NOTE    National or regional regulations might require additional labelling, which can include bar coding. No requirements for this additional labelling are given.

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This document establishes a vocabulary of terms used for anaesthetic and respiratory equipment and supplies, related devices and supply systems.
NOTE 1    To avoid multiple definitions of the same term in different categories, this document attempts to ensure consistency by the inclusion of a ‘general’ category, and by use of domain specifiers and unique pre-coordinated domain-specific term names.
NOTE 2    In addition to terms and definitions used in two of the three official ISO languages (English and French), this document gives the equivalent terms in the German language; these are published under the responsibility of the member body for Germany. However, only the terms and definitions given in the official languages can be considered as ISO terms and definitions.

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This document is applicable to the basic safety and essential performance of an anaesthetic workstation for administering inhalational anaesthesia whilst continuously attended by a professional operator.
This document specifies particular requirements for a complete anaesthetic workstation and the following anaesthetic workstation components which, although considered as individual devices in their own right, may be utilized, in conjunction with other relevant anaesthetic workstation components, to form an anaesthetic workstation to a given specification:
anaesthetic gas delivery system;
anaesthetic breathing system;
anaesthetic gas scavenging system (AGSS);
anaesthetic vapour delivery system;
anaesthetic ventilator;
monitoring equipment;
alarm system;
protection device.
NOTE 1        Monitoring equipment, alarm systems and protection devices are summarized in Table AA.1.
An anaesthetic workstation supplied complete and its individual components are considered as ME equipment or ME systems with regard to the general standard.
NOTE 2        The applicability of this document is indicated in Table AA.2.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to an anaesthetic workstation where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety and essential performance of the anaesthetic workstation.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to anaesthetic workstation components or its accessories only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to an anaesthetic workstation and its individual components including accessories, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of an anaesthetic workstation and its individual components including accessories within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 3        See also IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 4.2.
This document is not applicable to any anaesthetic workstation intended for use with flammable anaesthetic agents, as determined by Annex BB.

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This document specifies general requirements for medical suction equipment that are common to all parts of the ISO 10079 series.
This document is not applicable to the following:
a) end-pieces such as suction catheters, drains, curettes, Yankauer suckers and suction tips;
b) syringes;
c) dental suction equipment;
d) anaesthetic gas scavenging systems;
e) laboratory suction;
f) autotransfusion systems;
g) mucus extractors including neonatal mucus extractors;
h) suction equipment where the collection container is downstream of the vacuum pump;
i) ventouse (obstetric) equipment;
j) suction equipment marked for endoscopic use only; and
k) plume evacuation systems.

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of respiratory high-flow therapy equipment, as defined in 201.3.220, hereafter also referred to as ME equipment or ME system, in combination with its accessories:
—   intended for use with patients who can breathe spontaneously; and
—   intended for patients who would benefit from improved alveolar gas exchange; and who would benefit from receiving high-flow humidified respiratory gases, which can include a patient whose upper airway is bypassed.
EXAMPLE 1 Patients with Type 1 Respiratory Failure who exhibit a reduction in arterial blood oxygenation.
EXAMPLE 2 Patients who would benefit from reduced work of breathing, as needed in Type 2 Respiratory Failure, where arterial carbon dioxide is high.
EXAMPLE 3 Patients requiring humidification to improve mucociliary clearance.
Respiratory high-flow therapy equipment can be intended for use in the home healthcare environment or intended for use in professional healthcare facilities.
NOTE 1        In the home healthcare environment, the supply mains is often not reliable.
Respiratory high-flow therapy equipment can be:
—   fully integrated ME equipment; or
—   a combination of separate items forming a ME system.
This standard also applies to other types of respiratory equipment when that equipment includes a respiratory high-flow therapy mode.
NOTE 2  This standard and ISO 80601-2-12[14] are applicable to a critical care ventilator with a high-flow therapy mode.
Respiratory high-flow therapy equipment can be transit-operable.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to the respiratory high-flow therapy equipment, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the respiratory high-flow therapy equipment.
EXAMPLE 4         Breathing sets, connectors, humidifier, breathing system filter, external electrical power source, distributed alarm system, high-flow nasal cannula, tracheal tube, tracheostomy tube, face mask and supra-laryngeal airway.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in the general standard, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 3        Additional information can be found in the general standard, 4.2.
This document does not specify the requirements for:
—    ventilators or accessories for ventilator-dependent patients intended for critical care applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑12[14];
—    ventilators or accessories intended for anaesthetic applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑13[15];
—    ventilators or accessories intended for the emergency medical services environment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑84[20];
—    ventilators or accessories intended for ventilator-dependent patients in the home healthcare environment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑72[17];
—    ventilatory support equipment or accessories intended for patients with ventilatory impairment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑79[18];
—    ventilatory support equipment or accessories intended for patients with ven

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ISO 10651-5:2006 specifies the basic safety and essential performance requirements for gas-powered emergency resuscitators intended for use with humans by first responders. This equipment is intended for emergency field use and is intended to be continuously operator attended in normal use.
ISO 10651-5:2006 also specifies the requirements for resuscitator sets.
ISO 10651-5:2006 is not applicable to electrically-powered resuscitators.

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of a humidifier, also hereafter referred to as ME equipment, in combination with its accessories, the combination also hereafter referred to as ME system.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to a humidifier where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the humidifier.
EXAMPLE 1         Heated breathing tubes (heated-wire breathing tubes) or ME equipment intended to control these heated breathing tubes (heated breathing tube controllers).
NOTE 1        Heated breathing tubes and their controllers are ME equipment and are subject to the requirements of IEC 60601‑1.
NOTE 2        ISO 5367 specifies other safety and performance requirements for breathing tubes.
This document includes requirements for the different medical uses of humidification, such as invasive ventilation, non-invasive ventilation, nasal high-flow therapy, and obstructive sleep apnoea therapy, as well as humidification therapy for tracheostomy patients.
NOTE 3        A humidifier can be integrated into other equipment. When this is the case, the requirements of the other equipment also apply to the humidifier.
EXAMPLE 2         Heated humidifier incorporated into a critical care ventilator where ISO 80601‑2-12[10] also applies.
EXAMPLE 3         Heated humidifier incorporated into a homecare ventilator for dependent patients where ISO 80601‑2-72[12] also applies.
EXAMPLE 4         Heated humidifier incorporated into sleep apnoea therapy equipment where ISO 80601‑2‑70[11] also applies.
EXAMPLE 5         Heated humidifier incorporated into ventilatory support equipment where either ISO 80601-2-79[13] or ISO 80601-2-80[14] also apply.
EXAMPLE 6         Heated humidifier incorporated into respiratory high-flow therapy equipment where ISO 80601‑2‑90[15] also applies.
This document also includes requirements for an active HME (heat and moisture exchanger), ME equipment which actively adds heat and moisture to increase the humidity level of the gas delivered from the HME to the patient. This document is not applicable to a passive HME, which returns a portion of the expired moisture and heat of the patient to the respiratory tract during inspiration without adding heat or moisture.
NOTE 4        ISO 9360‑1 and ISO 9360‑2[4] specify safety and performance requirements for a passive HME.
NOTE 5        If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601‑1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 6        Additional information can be found in IEC 60601‑1:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2020, 4.2.
This document does not specify the requirements for cold pass-over or cold bubble-through humidification devices, the requirements for which are given in ISO 20789[6].
This document is not applicable to equipment commonly referred to as “room humidifiers” or humidifiers used in heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, or humidifiers incorporated into infant incubators.
This

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ISO 80601-2-61:2017 applies to the basic safety and essential performance of pulse oximeter equipment intended for use on humans, hereafter referred to as me equipment. This includes any part necessary for normal use, including the pulse oximeter monitor, pulse oximeter probe, and probe cable extender.
These requirements also apply to pulse oximeter equipment, including pulse oximeter monitors, pulse oximeter probes and probe cable extenders, which have been reprocessed.
The intended use of pulse oximeter equipment includes, but is not limited to, the estimation of arterial oxygen haemoglobin saturation and pulse rate of patients in professional healthcare institutions as well as patients in the home healthcare environment and the emergency medical services environment.
ISO 80601-2-61:2017 is not applicable to pulse oximeter equipment intended for use in laboratory research applications nor to oximeters that require a blood sample from the patient.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to me equipment only, or to me systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to me equipment and to me systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of me equipment or me systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in 201.11 and in 7.2.13 and 8.4.1 of the general standard.
NOTE 1       See also 4.2 of the general standard. "The general standard" is IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012, Medical electrical equipment ? Part 1: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance.
ISO 80601-2-61:2017 can also be applied to me equipment and their accessories used for compensation or alleviation of disease, injury or disability.
ISO 80601-2-61:2017 is not applicable to pulse oximeter equipment intended solely for foetal use.
ISO 80601-2-61:2017 is not applicable to remote or slave (secondary) equipment that displays SpO2 values that are located outside of the patient environment.
NOTE 2       Me equipment that provides selection between diagnostic and monitoring functions is expected to meet the requirements of the appropriate document when configured for that function.
ISO 80601-2-61:2017 is applicable to pulse oximeter equipment intended for use under extreme or uncontrolled environmental conditions outside the hospital environment or physician's office, such as in ambulances and air transport. Additional standards can apply pulse oximeter equipment for those environments of use.
ISO 80601-2-61:2017 is a particular standard in the IEC 60601-1 and ISO/IEC 80601 series of standards.

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of a high-frequency ventilator (HFV) in combination with its accessories, hereafter referred to as ME equipment:
intended for use in an environment that provides specialized care for patients whose conditions can be life-threatening and who can require comprehensive care and constant monitoring in a professional healthcare facility;
NOTE 1    For the purposes of this document, such an environment is referred to as a critical care environment. High-frequency ventilators for this environment are considered life-sustaining.
NOTE 2    For the purposes of this document, such a high-frequency ventilator can provide transport within a professional healthcare facility (i.e., be a transit-operable ventilator).
NOTE 3    A high-frequency ventilator intended for use in transport within a professional healthcare facility is not considered as a ventilator intended for the emergency medical services environment.
intended to be operated by a healthcare professional operator;
intended for those patients who need differing levels of support from artificial ventilation including ventilator-dependent patients; and
capable of providing more than 150 inflations/min.
There are three principal designations of HFV:
high-frequency percussive ventilation [HFPV, with a typical HFV frequency of (60 to 1 000) HFV inflations/min]; 
high-frequency jet ventilation [HFJV, with a typical HFV frequency of (100 to 1 500) HFV inflations/min]; and
high-frequency oscillatory ventilation [HFOV, with a typical HFV frequency of (180 to 1200) HFV inflations/min and typically having an active expiratory phase]. 
Additionally, HFV designations can be combined together or with ventilation at rates less than 150 inflations/min.
* A high-frequency ventilator is not considered a physiologic closed loop-control system unless it uses a physiological patient variable to adjust the ventilation therapy settings.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to an HFV breathing system, or to a high-frequency ventilator, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the high-frequency ventilator.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in 7.2.13 and 8.4.1 of IEC 60601-1:2005.
NOTE 4    Additional information can be found in 4.2 of IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012.
This document is not applicable to ME equipment that is intended solely to augment the ventilation of spontaneously breathing patients within a professional healthcare facility.
This document does not specify the requirements for:
non-high-frequency ventilators or accessories which provide conventional ventilation for use in critical care environments, which are given in ISO 80601-2-12 [23];.
NOTE 5     An HFV can incorporate conventional critical care ventilator operational modes, in which case ISO 80601-2-12 is applicable to those modes.
ventilators or accessories intended for anaesthetic applications, which are given in ISO 806

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This document establishes a vocabulary of terms and semantics for all fields of respiratory care involving mechanical ventilation, such as intensive-care ventilation, anaesthesia ventilation, emergency and transport ventilation and home-care ventilation, including sleep-apnoea breathing-therapy equipment. It is applicable
—     in lung ventilator and breathing-therapy device standards,
—     in health informatics standards,
—     for labelling on medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems,
—     in medical electrical equipment and medical electrical system instructions for use and accompanying documents,
—     for medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems interoperability, and
—     in electronic health records.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to a ventilator breathing system or to a ventilator, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the ventilator and ventilator breathing system.
NOTE    This document can also be used for other applications relating to lung ventilation, including non-electrical devices and equipment, research, description of critical events, forensic analysis and adverse event (vigilance) reporting systems.
This document does not specify terms specific to breathing-therapy equipment, or to physiologic closed-loop ventilation, high-frequency ventilation or negative-pressure ventilation; nor to respiratory support using liquid ventilation or extra-corporeal gas exchange, or oxygen, except where it has been considered necessary to establish boundaries between bordering concepts.

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This document is applicable to the basic safety and essential performance of sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment, hereafter referred to as ME equipment, intended to alleviate the symptoms of patients who suffer from obstructive sleep apnoea by delivering a therapeutic breathing pressure to the respiratory tract of the patient. Sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment is intended for use in the home healthcare environment by lay operators as well as in professional healthcare institutions.
* Sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment is not considered to utilize a physiologic closed-loop-control system unless it uses a physiological patient variable to adjust the therapy settings.
This document excludes sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment intended for use with neonates.
This document is applicable to ME equipment or an ME system intended for those patients who are not dependent on mechanical ventilation.
This document is not applicable to ME equipment or an ME system intended for those patients who are dependent on mechanical ventilation such as patients with central sleep apnoea.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment.
Masks and application accessories intended for use during sleep apnoea breathing therapy are additionally addressed by ISO 17510. Refer to Figure AA.1 for items covered further under this document.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in 7.2.13 and 8.4.1 of the general standard.
NOTE       See also 4.2 of the general standard.
This document is not applicable to high-frequency jet ventilators (HFJVs) or high-frequency oscillatory ventilators (HFOVs), which are given in ISO 80601-2-87[13].
This document does not specify the requirements for ventilators or accessories intended for critical care ventilators for ventilator-dependent patients, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑12.
This document does not specify the requirements for ventilators or accessories intended for anaesthetic applications, which are given in ISO 80601-2-13[8].
This document does not specify the requirements for ventilators or accessories intended for home care ventilators for ventilator-dependent patients, which are given in ISO 80601-2-72[9].
This document does not specify the requirements for ventilators or accessories intended for emergency and transport, which are given in ISO 80601-2-84[12].
This document does not specify the requirements for ventilators or accessories intended for home-care ventilatory support, which are given in ISO 80601-2-79[10] and ISO 80601‑2‑80[11].

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This document is applicable to the basic safety and essential performance of oxygen conserving equipment, hereafter referred to as ME equipment, in combination with its accessories intended to conserve supplemental oxygen by delivering gas intermittently and synchronized with the patient's inspiratory cycle, when used in the home healthcare environment. Oxygen conserving equipment is typically used by a lay operator.
NOTE 1    Conserving equipment can also be used in professional health care facilities.
This document is also applicable to conserving equipment that is incorporated with other equipment.
EXAMPLE       Conserving equipment combined with a pressure regulator[2], an oxygen concentrator[7] or liquid oxygen equipment[4].
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to conserving equipment, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the conserving equipment.
This document is intended to clarify the difference in operation of various conserving equipment models, as well as between the operation of conserving equipment and continuous flow oxygen equipment, by requiring standardized performance testing and labelling.
This document is only applicable to active devices (e.g. pneumatically or electrically powered) and is not applicable to non-active devices (e.g. reservoir cannulas).  
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 2    Additional information can be found in IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012, 4.2.

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This document specifies requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of an oxygen concentrator in combination with its accessories, hereafter referred to as ME equipment, intended to increase the oxygen concentration of gas intended to be delivered to a single patient. Such oxygen concentrators are typically intended for use in the home healthcare environment by a single patient in various environments including any private and public transportation as well as in commercial aircraft.
NOTE 1  Such oxygen concentrators can also be used in professional healthcare facilities.
This document is applicable to a transit-operable and non-transit-operable oxygen concentrator. This document is applicable to an oxygen concentrator integrated into or used with other medical devices, ME equipment or ME systems.
EXAMPLE 1      An oxygen concentrator with integrated oxygen conserving equipment  function or humidifier function.
EXAMPLE 2      An oxygen concentrator used with a flowmeter stand.
EXAMPLE 3      An oxygen concentrator as part of an anaesthetic system for use in areas with limited logistical supplies of electricity and anaesthetic gases[2].
EXAMPLE 4      An oxygen concentrator with an integrated liquid reservoir function or gas cylinder filling system function.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to an oxygen concentrator, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the oxygen concentrator.
NOTE 2  Such accessories can include, but are not limited to, masks, cannulae, extension tubing, humidifiers, carts, carrying cases, external power sources and oxygen conserving equipment.
This document does not specify requirements for oxygen concentrators for use with a medical gas pipeline system.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in 7.2.13 and 8.4.1 of the general standard.
NOTE 3           See also 4.2 of the general standard.

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This document applies to basic safety and essential performance of cerebral tissue oximeter equipment, that employs light at multiple wavelengths to derive a quantitative measure of oxygen saturation of haemoglobin within the volume of tissue sampled under the probe attached to the head. The cerebral tissue oximeter equipment can be based on continuous light, frequency domain or time domain technologies. This document applies to ME equipment used in a hospital environment as well as when used outside the hospital environment, such as in ambulances and air transport. Additional standards may apply to ME equipment for those environments of use.
NOTE 1  Cerebral tissue oximeters are sometimes referred to as near infrared spectroscopy equipment in medical literature.
Not included within the scope of this document are:
      invasive tissue or vascular oximeters;
      oximeters that require a blood sample from the patient;
      equipment measuring dissolved oxygen;
      ME equipment, or part thereof, that measures path-length-dependent haemoglobin change. The requirements for functional near-infrared spectroscopy equipment are found in ISO 80601-2-71[4];
      ME equipment, or part thereof, that measures arterial saturation based on pulsatile changes in tissue optical properties (SpO2). The requirements for pulse oximeter equipment are found in ISO 80601‑2‑61[3];
      ME equipment, or any part thereof, that claims to monitor tissue in parts of the body other than the head.
This document also applies to cerebral tissue oximeter equipment, including cerebral tissue oximeter monitors, cerebral tissue oximeter probes and probe cable extenders, that have been remanufactured.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to ME equipment only, or to ME systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to ME equipment and to ME systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in 201.11 and in 201.7.2.13 and 201.8.4.1 of the general standard.
NOTE 2  See also 4.2 of the general standard.
This document can also be applied to ME equipment and their accessories used for compensation or alleviation of disease, injury or disability.
This document is not applicable to remote or slave (secondary) equipment that displays StO2 values that are located outside of the patient environment.
NOTE 3  ME equipment that provides selection between diagnostic and monitoring functions is expected to meet the requirements of the appropriate document when configured for that function.

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This document, which is device-specific, specifies requirements for laryngoscopes with non-flexible blades, with internal battery-operated power sources, used for illuminating the larynx during intubation. It also specifies critical dimensions for those handles and laryngoscope blades with interchangeable hook‐on fittings.
It is not applicable to the following:
—     flexible laryngoscopes;
—     laryngoscopes designed for surgery;
—     laryngoscopes powered from mains electricity supply;
—     laryngoscopes connected by light‐transmitting cables to external light sources;
—     video laryngoscopes designed to work with an external, integral or attached video system.

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ISO 80601-2-55:2018 specifies particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of a respiratory gas monitor (rgm), hereafter referred to as me equipment, intended for continuous operation for use with a patient.
ISO 80601-2-55:2018 specifies requirements for
-      anaesthetic gas monitoring,
-      carbon dioxide monitoring, and
-      oxygen monitoring.
NOTE 1    An rgm can be either stand-alone me equipment or integrated into other equipment, e.g. an anaesthetic workstation or a ventilator.
ISO 80601-2-55:2018 is not applicable to an rgm intended for use with flammable anaesthetic agents.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to me equipment only or to me systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to me equipment and to me systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of me equipment or me systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601‑1:2005+Amd 1:2012, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 2    Additional information can be found in IEC 60601‑1:2005+Amd 1:2012, 4.2.

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2017-08-31 - BTC 110/2017 - BT approve publication of EN ISO with modified Annex ZA & Foreword
2017-08-08 - Cannot allocate for publication due to negative assessment from Consultant.
CEN/BT C082/2011:  DOW = DAV + 36 months

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This document specifies dimensions and requirements for both open and closed suction catheters made of flexible materials and intended for use in suctioning of the respiratory tract.
Suction catheters intended for use with flammable anaesthetic gases or agents, lasers or electrosurgical equipment are not covered by this document.
NOTE    For guidance on airway management during laser surgery of the upper airway, see ISO/TR 11991[4].

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ISO 18562-1:2017 specifies:
-      the general principles governing the biological evaluation within a risk management process of the gas pathways of a medical device, its parts or accessories, which are intended to provide respiratory care or supply substances via the respiratory tract to a patient in all environments;
-      the general categorization of gas pathways based on the nature and duration of their contact with the gas stream;
-      the evaluation of existing relevant data from all sources;
-      the identification of gaps in the available data set on the basis of a risk analysis;
-      the identification of additional data sets necessary to analyse the biological safety of the gas pathway;
-      the assessment of the biological safety of the gas pathway.
ISO 18562-1:2017 covers general principles regarding biocompatibility assessment of medical device materials, which make up the gas pathway, but does not cover biological hazards arising from any mechanical failure, unless the failure introduces a toxicity risk (e.g. by generating particulates). The other parts of ISO 18562 cover specific tests that address potentially hazardous substances that are added to the respirable gas stream and establish acceptance criteria for these substances.
ISO 18562-1:2017 addresses potential contamination of the gas stream arising from the gas pathways within the medical device, which might then be conducted to the patient.
ISO 18562-1:2017 applies over the expected service life of the medical device in normal use and takes into account the effects of any intended processing or reprocessing.
ISO 18562-1:2017 does not address biological evaluation of the surfaces of medical devices that are in direct contact with the patient. The requirements for direct contact surfaces are found in the ISO 10993 series.
Medical devices, parts or accessories containing gas pathways that are addressed by this document include, but are not limited to, ventilators, anaesthesia workstations (including gas mixers), breathing systems, oxygen conserving equipment, oxygen concentrators, nebulizers, low-pressure hose assemblies, humidifiers, heat and moisture exchangers, respiratory gas monitors, respiration monitors, masks, mouth pieces, resuscitators, breathing tubes, breathing system filters and Y-pieces as well as any breathing accessories intended to be used with such medical devices. The enclosed chamber of an incubator, including the mattress, and the inner surface of an oxygen hood are considered to be gas pathways and are also addressed by this document.
ISO 18562-1:2017 does not address contamination already present in the gas supplied from the gas sources while medical devices are in normal use.
EXAMPLE       Contamination arriving at the medical device from gas sources such as medical gas pipeline systems (including the non-return valves in the pipeline outlets), outlets of pressure regulators connected or integral to a medical gas cylinder, or room air taken into the medical device is not addressed by ISO 18562 (all parts).
Future parts might be added to address other relevant aspects of biological testing including additional contamination that might arise from the gas pathway because of the presence of drugs and anaesthetic agents added to the gas stream.
NOTE 1       Some authorities having jurisdiction require evaluation of these risks as part of a biological evaluation.
NOTE 2       This document has been prepared to address the relevant essentia

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ISO 18562-4:2017 specifies tests for substances leached by liquid water condensing into gas pathways of a medical device, its parts or accessories, which are intended to provide respiratory care or supply substances via the respiratory tract to a patient in all environments. The tests of this document are intended to quantify hazardous water-soluble substances that are leached from the medical device, its parts or accessories by condensate and then conveyed by that liquid to the patient. This document establishes acceptance criteria for these tests.
ISO 18562-4:2017 addresses potential contamination of the gas stream arising from the gas pathways, which is then conducted to the patient.
ISO 18562-4:2017 applies over the expected service life of the medical device in normal use and takes into account the effects of any intended processing or reprocessing
ISO 18562-4:2017 does not address biological evaluation of the surfaces of gas pathways that are in direct contact with the patient. The requirements for direct contact surfaces are found in the ISO 10993 series.
Medical devices, parts or accessories containing gas pathways that are addressed by this document include, but are not limited to, ventilators, anaesthesia workstations (including gas mixers), breathing systems, oxygen conserving devices, oxygen concentrators, nebulizers, low-pressure hose assemblies, humidifiers, heat and moisture exchangers, respiratory gas monitors, respiration monitors, masks, mouth pieces, resuscitators, breathing tubes, breathing systems filters, Y-pieces and any breathing accessories intended to be used with such devices. The enclosed chamber of an incubator, including the mattress, and the inner surface of an oxygen hood are considered to be gas pathways and are also addressed by this document.
ISO 18562-4:2017 does not address contamination already present in the gas supplied from the gas sources while medical devices are in normal use.
EXAMPLE       Contamination arriving at the medical device from gas sources such as medical gas pipeline systems (including the non-return valves in the pipeline outlets), outlets of pressure regulators connected or integral to a medical gas cylinder, or room air taken into the medical device is not addressed by ISO 18562 series.
ISO 18562-4:2017 does not address contact with drugs or anaesthetic agents. If a medical device is intended to be used with anaesthetic agents or drugs, then additional testing can be required.
This document is intended to be read in conjunction with ISO 18562‑1.
NOTE          This document has been prepared to address the relevant essential principles of safety and performance as indicated in Annex B.

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ISO 18562-2:2017 specifies tests for the emissions of particulate matter from the gas pathways of a medical device, its parts or accessories, which are intended to provide respiratory care or supply substances via the respiratory tract to a patient in all environments. The tests of this document are intended to quantify particles from 0,2 µm diameter to 10 µm diameter that are emitted by the medical device, its parts or accessories into the respirable gas stream. This document establishes acceptance criteria for these tests. This document does not address nanoparticles. Insufficient data exist to establish exposure limits for particles less than 0,2 µm in diameter.
NOTE 1       Smaller and larger particles could also present biological hazards, and additional information outside the scope of this document can be needed to meet requirements of some authorities having jurisdiction.
ISO 18562-2:2017 therefore adopts the same approach as the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in setting limits based solely on particle size and not their chemistry.
ISO 18562-2:2017 addresses potential contamination of the gas stream arising from the gas pathways, which is then conducted to the patient.
ISO 18562-2:2017 applies over the expected service life of the medical device in normal use and takes into account the effects of any intended processing or reprocessing.
ISO 18562-2:2017 does not address biological evaluation of the surfaces of gas pathways that are in direct contact with the patient. The requirements for direct contact surfaces are found in the ISO 10993 series.
Medical devices, parts or accessories, containing gas pathways that are addressed by this document, include, but are not limited to, ventilators, anaesthesia workstations (including gas mixers), breathing systems, oxygen conserving devices, oxygen concentrators, nebulizers, low-pressure hose assemblies, humidifiers, heat and moisture exchangers, respiratory gas monitors, respiration monitors, masks, mouth pieces, resuscitators, breathing tubes, breathing systems filters, Y-pieces, and any breathing accessories intended to be used with such devices. The enclosed chamber of an incubator, including the mattress, and the inner surface of an oxygen hood are considered to be gas pathways and are also addressed by this document.
ISO 18562-2:2017 does not address contamination already present in the gas supplied from the gas sources while medical devices are in normal use.
EXAMPLE       Contamination arriving at the medical device from gas sources such as medical gas pipeline systems (including the non-return valves in the pipeline outlets), outlets of pressure regulators connected or integral to a medical gas cylinder, or room air taken into the medical device is not addressed by ISO 18562 (all parts).
NOTE 2       This document has been prepared to address the relevant essential principles of safety and performance as indicated in Annex B.

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ISO 17510:2015 applies to masks and their accessories used to connect a sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment to the patient. It specifies requirements for masks and accessories, including any connecting element, that are required to connect the patient-connection port of sleep apnoea breathing therapy equipment to a patient for the application of sleep apnoea breathing therapy (e.g. nasal masks, exhaust ports and headgear).

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ISO 18562-3:2017 specifies tests for the emissions of volatile organic compounds (vocs) from the gas pathways of a medical device, its parts or accessories, which are intended to provide respiratory care or supply substances via the respiratory tract to a patient in all environments. The tests of this document are intended to quantify emissions of vocs that are added to the respirable gas stream by the materials of the gas pathway. This document establishes acceptance criteria for these tests.
ISO 18562-3:2017 addresses potential contamination of the gas stream arising from the gas pathways, which is then conducted to the patient.
ISO 18562-3:2017 applies over the expected service life of the medical device in normal use and takes into account the effects of any intended processing or reprocessing.
ISO 18562-3:2017 does not address biological evaluation of the surfaces of gas pathways that are in direct contact with the patient. The requirements for direct contact surfaces are found in the ISO 10993 series[1].
Medical devices, parts or accessories containing gas pathways that are addressed by this document include, but are not limited to, ventilators, anaesthesia workstations (including gas mixers), breathing systems, oxygen conserving devices, oxygen concentrators, nebulizers, low-pressure hose assemblies, humidifiers, heat and moisture exchangers, respiratory gas monitors, respiration monitors, masks, mouth pieces, resuscitators, breathing tubes, breathing systems filters, Y-pieces and any breathing accessories intended to be used with such devices. The enclosed chamber of an incubator, including the mattress, and the inner surface of an oxygen hood are considered to be gas pathways and are also addressed by this document.
ISO 18562-3:2017 does not address contamination already present in the gas supplied from the gas sources while medical devices are in normal use.
EXAMPLE       Contamination arriving at the medical device from gas sources such as medical gas pipeline systems (including the non-return valves in the pipeline outlets), outlets of pressure regulators connected or integral to a medical gas cylinder or room air taken into the medical device is not addressed by ISO 18562 series.
ISO 18562-3:2017 is intended to be read in conjunction with ISO 18562‑1.
NOTE          This document has been prepared to address the relevant essential principles of safety and performance as indicated in Annex B.

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ISO 9170-1:2017 is intended especially to ensure the gas-specific assembly, mechanical resistance, flow, leakage and pressure drop of terminal units and to prevent their interchange between different gases and services and applies to terminal units:
a)    intended for use in medical gas pipeline systems in accordance with ISO 7396‑1;
b)    used as pressure outlets on pressure regulators in accordance with ISO 10524‑1;
c)    used as pressure outlets on pressure regulators integrated with cylinder valves (VIPR) in accordance with ISO 10524‑3.
ISO 9170-1:2017 applies to terminal units for use with the following gases for administration to patients or for medical uses (A):
-      oxygen (A);
-      nitrous oxide (A);
-      medical air (A);
-      carbon dioxide (A);
-      oxygen/nitrous oxide mixture (A);
-      helium/oxygen mixtures (A);
-      oxygen 93 (A);
-      gases and gas mixtures classified as medical device (A);
-      gases delivered to medical devices or intended for medical purposes (A);
-      gases and gas mixtures for medicinal use not specified above (A).
ISO 9170-1:2017 applies to terminal units for use with the following gases (B):
-      air for driving surgical tools (B);
-      nitrogen for driving surgical tools (B).
This document applies to terminal units for use with vacuum systems (C).
NOTE          The requirements of this document can be used as guidelines for terminal units for other gases. These other gases will be considered for inclusion in this document when they come into general use.
ISO 9170-1:2017 specifies requirements for terminal units for supply and disposal of nitrogen and air for driving surgical tools.
ISO 9170-1:2017 specifies requirements for probes intended to be connected to the gas-specific connection point.
ISO 9170-1:2017 does not specify the dimensions of probes or of the gas-specific connection points.
NOTE          Regional or national standards specifying dimensions of probes and gas-specific connection points are given in the Bibliography.
Other connection systems in national use may be acceptable under this document. Dimensioning for such connections will be specified by their respective national standards.
ISO 9170-1:2017 does not specify the requirements for terminal units for anaesthetic gas scavenging systems (AGSS), which are specified in ISO 9170‑2.

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IEC 60601-1:2005+A1:2012, 1.1 is replaced by:
This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of medical supply units, hereafter also referred to as ME equipment.
This document applies to medical supply units manufactured within a factory or assembled on site, including cabinetry and other enclosures, which incorporate patient care services.
NOTE 1    A party that assembles on site various components intended for patient care services into an enclosure is considered the manufacturer of the medical supply unit.
Hazards inherent in the intended function of ME equipment or ME systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this standard, except in of IEC 60601-1:2005+A1:2012, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1 (see 201.1.4).
NOTE 2    Refer to IEC 60601-1:2005+A1:2012, 4.2.

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This part of ISO 5356 specifies dimensional requirements for screw-threaded weight-bearing conical connectors intended for use with inhalation anaesthesia apparatus and ventilators. Such connectors are intended for mounting heavy accessories. This part of ISO 5356 specifies requirements for the following screw-threaded, weight-bearing conical connectors: - 22 mm connectors; - 22 mm/15 mm coaxial connectors. Requirements for the application of screw-threaded, weight-bearing conical connectors are not included in this part of ISO 5356, but are or will be given in the relevant International Standards for specific medical devices and accessories.

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This document specifies requirements for so-called "cold bubble-through" or "cold pass-over" humidifying equipment, hereafter referred to as a passive humidifier. Figure 1 and Figure 2 illustrate these passive humidifiers.

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ISO 5362:2006 specifies requirements for antistatic and non-antistatic reservoir bags for use with anaesthetic apparatus or lung-ventilator breathing systems. It includes requirements for the design of the neck, size designation, distension and, where relevant, for electrical resistance.
ISO 5362:2006 includes requirements for both single-use and reusable bags. Reusable bags are intended to comply with the requirements of ISO 5362:2006 for the recommended product life.
ISO 5362:2006 is not applicable to special-purpose bags, for example bellows and self-expanding bags.
Bags for use with anaesthetic gas scavenging systems are not considered to be anaesthetic reservoir bags and are thus outside the scope of ISO 5362:2006.

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of ventilatory support equipment, as defined in 201.3.205, for ventilatory insufficiency, as defined in 201.3.204, hereafter also referred to as me equipment, in combination with its accessories:
—          intended for use in the home healthcare environment;
—          intended for use by a lay operator;
—          intended for use with patients who have ventilatory insufficiency or failure, the most fragile of which would likely experience injury with the loss of this artificial ventilation;
—          intended for transit-operable use;
—          not intended for patients who are dependent on artificial ventilation for their immediate life support.
EXAMPLE 1    Patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), moderate amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia or muscular dystrophy.
NOTE 1    In the home healthcare environment, the supply mains is often not reliable.
NOTE 2    Such ventilatory support equipment can also be used in non-critical care applications of professional health care facilities.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to the ventilator breathing system of ventilatory support equipment for ventilatory insufficiency, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the ventilatory support equipment for ventilatory insufficiency.
EXAMPLE 2    Breathing sets, connectors, water traps, expiratory valve, humidifier, breathing system filter, external electrical power source, distributed alarm system.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to me equipment only, or to me systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to me equipment and to me systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of me equipment or me systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601‑1:2005+AMD1:2012, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 3    Additional information can be found in IEC 60601‑1:2005+AMD1:2012, 4.2.
This document does not specify the requirements for:
—          ventilators or accessories for ventilator-dependent patients intended for critical care applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑12;
—          ventilators or accessories intended for anaesthetic applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑13[5];
—          ventilators or accessories intended for the emergency medical services environment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑84[6][1], the future replacement for ISO 10651‑3[7];
—          ventilators or accessories intended for ventilator-dependent patients in the home healthcare environment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑72;
—          ventilatory support equipment or accessories intended for ventilatory impairment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑79[1];
—          sleep apnoea therapy me equipment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑70[8];
—          continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) me equipment;
—          high-frequency jet ventilators (HFJVs);
—          high-frequency oscillatory ventilators (HFOVs)[9];
—          oxygen therapy constant flow me equipment;
—          cuirass or "iron-lung" ventilation equipment.
This document is a particular standard in the IEC 60601 and IEC

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This document applies to the basic safety and essential performance of ventilatory support equipment, as defined in 201.3.205, for ventilatory impairment, as defined in 201.3.202, hereafter also referred to as me equipment, in combination with its accessories:
—          intended for use in the home healthcare environment;
—          intended for use by a lay operator; and
—          intended for use with patients who have ventilatory impairment, the most fragile of these patients, would not likely experience injury with the loss of this artificial ventilation; and
— not intended for patients who are dependent on artificial ventilation for their immediate life support.
EXAMPLE 1    Patients with mild to moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
NOTE 1    In the home healthcare environment, the supply mains is often not reliable.
NOTE 2    Such ventilatory support equipment can also be used in non-critical care applications of professional health care facilities.
This document is also applicable to those accessories intended by their manufacturer to be connected to the breathing system of ventilatory support equipment for ventilatory impairment, where the characteristics of those accessories can affect the basic safety or essential performance of the ventilatory support equipment for ventilatory impairment.
EXAMPLE 2    Breathing sets, connectors, water traps, expiratory valve, humidifier, breathing system filter, external electrical power source, distributed alarm system.
If a clause or subclause is specifically intended to be applicable to me equipment only, or to me systems only, the title and content of that clause or subclause will say so. If that is not the case, the clause or subclause applies both to me equipment and to me systems, as relevant.
Hazards inherent in the intended physiological function of me equipment or me systems within the scope of this document are not covered by specific requirements in this document except in IEC 60601‑1:2005+AMD1:2012, 7.2.13 and 8.4.1.
NOTE 3    Additional information can be found in IEC 60601‑1:2005+AMD1:2012, 4.2.
This document does not specify the requirements for:
—           ventilators or accessories for ventilator-dependent patients intended for critical care applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑12;
—          ventilators or accessories intended for anaesthetic applications, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑13[4];
—          ventilators or accessories intended for the emergency medical services environment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑84 [5] [1], the future replacement for ISO 10651‑3[6];
—          ventilators or accessories intended for ventilator-dependent patients in the home healthcare environment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑72;
—          ventilatory support equipment or accessories intended for ventilatory insufficiency, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑80[1];
—          sleep apnoea therapy me equipment, which are given in ISO 80601‑2‑70[7];
—          continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) me equipment;
—          high-frequency jet ventilators (HFJVs);
—          high-frequency oscillatory ventilators (HFOVs)[8];
—          oxygen therapy constant flow me equipment;
—          cuirass or "iron-lung" ventilation equipment.
This document is a document in the IEC 60601 and IEC/ISO 80601 series of documents.
[1] Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/DIS 80601-2-84:2017.

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