Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Environmental Product Declarations - Product category rules complementary to EN 15804 for Steel, Iron and Aluminium structural products for use in construction works.

This European standard provides product category rules (c-PCR), that are complementary to EN 15804, for Type III environmental declarations for steel components and aluminium components fabricated from steel or aluminium constituent products to be used for structural purposes in buildings and civil engineering works where their characteristic affects the mechanical resistance and stability of these construction works or parts thereof, where there does not exist a more specific specification for the product. This standard also provides guidance for other metal construction products where a specific PCR as EN standard does not exist.

Ausführung von Stahltragwerken und Aluminiumtragwerken - Umweltproduktdeklarationen - EN 15804 ergänzende Produktkategorieregeln für tragende Produkte aus Stahl, Aluminium und Metall für den Einsatz in Bauwerken

Dieses Dokument legt die Produktkategorieregeln (c-PCR) als Ergänzung zu EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 für Umweltdeklarationen des Typs III für Stahl- und Aluminiumbauteile aus Stahl- oder Aluminium-Konstruktionsmaterialien für tragende Zwecke in Gebäuden und Ingenieurbauwerken fest, wo ihre Eigenschaften die mechanische Festigkeit und Standsicherheit dieser Bauwerke oder von Teilen derselben beeinflussen. Die Bauwerke können eingebaute oder offene Bauwerke sein. Dieses Dokument liefert außerdem eine Anleitung für andere Metall-Bauprodukte, für die keine spezifische PCR als EN-Norm besteht.
Dieses Dokument dient zur Verwendung in Verbindung mit EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
Dieses Dokument kann außerdem für alle nicht-tragenden Metallprodukte oder Metallteile derselben verwendet werden, wo keine spezifische PCR als EN-Norm besteht.
Dieses Dokument ist für die Verwendung in der Produktionsphase (Wiege bis Werkstor) mit Optionen oder die Bewertung des Lebenszyklus (Wiege bis Bahre) vorgesehen, vorausgesetzt, dass der Zweck ordnungsgemäß in der Beschreibung der Systemgrenze festgelegt ist.
Die Beurteilung der sozialen und ökonomischen Qualität auf der Produktebene ist nicht Gegenstand dieser Norm.

Exécution des structures en acier et des structures en aluminium - Déclarations environnementales sur les produits - Règles complémentaires à la norme EN 15804 régissant les catégories de produits en acier, en fer et en aluminium utilisés dans les ouvrages de construction

Izvedba jeklenih in aluminijastih konstrukcij - Okoljske deklaracije za proizvode - Pravila za kategorije proizvodov, ki dopolnjujejo EN 15804 za jeklene, železne in aluminijaste gradbene proizvode za konstrukcijska dela

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
4060 - Closure of enquiry - Enquiry
Due Date
29-Jul-2021
Completion Date
29-Jul-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17662:2021
01-julij-2021

Izvedba jeklenih in aluminijastih konstrukcij - Okoljske deklaracije za proizvode -

Pravila za kategorije proizvodov, ki dopolnjujejo EN 15804 za jeklene, železne in

aluminijaste gradbene proizvode za konstrukcijska dela
Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Environmental Product

Declarations - Product category rules complementary to EN 15804 for Steel, Iron and

Aluminium structural products for use in construction works.
Ausführung von Stahltragwerken und Aluminiumtragwerken -
Umweltproduktdeklarationen - EN 15804 ergänzende Produktkategorieregeln für
tragende Produkte aus Stahl, Aluminium und Metall für den Einsatz in Bauwerken
Exécution des structures en acier et des structures en aluminium - Déclarations
environnementales sur les produits - Règles complémentaires à la norme EN 15804

régissant les catégories de produits en acier, en fer et en aluminium utilisés dans les

ouvrages de construction
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17662
ICS:
13.020.20 Okoljska ekonomija. Environmental economics.
Trajnostnost Sustainability
91.080.13 Jeklene konstrukcije Steel structures
91.080.17 Aluminijaste konstrukcije Aluminium structures
oSIST prEN 17662:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 17662:2021
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oSIST prEN 17662:2021
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17662
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2021
ICS 91.010.99; 91.080.13; 91.080.17
English Version
Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures -
Environmental Product Declarations - Product category
rules complementary to EN 15804 for Steel, Iron and
Aluminium structural products for use in construction
works.
Ausführung von Stahltragwerken und
Aluminiumtragwerken - Umweltproduktdeklarationen
- EN 15804 ergänzende Produktkategorieregeln für
tragende Produkte aus Stahl, Aluminium und Metall für
den Einsatz in Bauwerken

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 135.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17662:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 General aspects ................................................................................................................................................ 7

6 Product Category Rules for LCA ................................................................................................................. 8

7 Content of the EPD ........................................................................................................................................ 20

8 Project report ................................................................................................................................................. 22

9 Verification and validity of an EPD ......................................................................................................... 22

Annex A (normative) Requirements and guidance on the reference service life ............................... 23

Annex B (informative) Waste ................................................................................................................................ 24

Annex C (normative) Impact categories and related indicators, methodologies and

characterization factors (CF) .................................................................................................................... 25

Annex D (informative) End of life formulae ..................................................................................................... 26

Annex E (informative) Schemes to be applied for data quality assessment of generic and

specific data .................................................................................................................................................... 27

Annex F (informative) Guidance for LCA modelling and calculation ...................................................... 28

F.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................... 28

F.2 The life cycle stages ...................................................................................................................................... 28

F.3 The LCA calculation rules........................................................................................................................... 29

F.4 The calculation rules for recycling only ............................................................................................... 30

F.5 The calculation rules for recycling and reuse .................................................................................... 37

F.6 Using data sets developed by the metal sector .................................................................................. 41

Annex G (normative) Default data for transport ............................................................................................ 43

G.1 General.............................................................................................................................................................. 43

G.2 Mode specific data ........................................................................................................................................ 43

G.3 Generic data .................................................................................................................................................... 45

Annex H (informative) Default rates of reuse, recycling and losses ........................................................ 47

H.1 Default rates of reuse, recycling and losses ........................................................................................ 47

Annex I (informative) Default data for modules A5 and C1 ........................................................................ 48

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I.1 Default data for modules A5 and C1 ...................................................................................................... 48

Annex J (informative) Physical partitioning calculation example ........................................................... 49

J.1 Example for Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GBS) ........................................................................... 49

Annex K (informative) Selection of Additional Environmental Indicators........................................... 52

K.1 Selection of Additional Environmental Indicators ........................................................................... 52

Annex L (informative) Requirements and guidance on the reference service life ............................ 54

L.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 54

L.2 Guidance rules if more specific data are not known ........................................................................ 54

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 58

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European foreword

This document (prEN 17662:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 135 “Execution

of steel structures and aluminium structures”, the secretariat of which is held by SN.

This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
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Introduction
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:

This European Standard provides rules for Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) for steel and

aluminium structural elements which are used in buildings and civil engineering works. It complements

the core product category rules for all construction products and services as established in

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
This document:

• gives precision to the material specific system boundaries, including mandatory modules C and D

• specifies the use of modules A1 and A3
• gives precision to when and where to include impact from coatings
• gives precision to when and how to report additional indicators

• gives precision to allocation procedures for multi-output processes along the steel and aluminium

manufacturing process chain
• gives precision to allocation procedures for re-use and recycling

• provides in Annexes G, H, and I, default data and scenarios for transport, reuse and re-cycling, and

erection/deconstruction

• gives guidance in Annex L for downstream companies on how to use an Environmental Product

Declaration, EPD, from a supplier
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1 Scope
This document provides product category rules (c-PCR), that are complementary to

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, for Type III environmental declarations for steel components and aluminium

components fabricated from steel or aluminium constituent products to be used for structural purposes

in buildings and civil engineering works, where their characteristic affects the mechanical resistance

and stability of these construction works or parts thereof. The structures can be built-in structures or

open structures. This document also provides guidance for other metal construction products where a

specific PCR as EN standard does not exist.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.

This document can be used also for non-structural metal products or metal parts thereof where a

specific PCR as EN standard does not exist.

This document is intended to be used for cradle-to-gate with options or cradle to grave assessment,

provided the intention is properly stated in the system boundary description.

The assessment of social and economic performances at product level is not covered by this standard.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Sustainability of construction works - Environmental product declarations -

Core rules for the product category of construction products

EN 1090-1:2009+A1:2011, Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 1: Requirements

for conformity assessment of structural components

EN ISO 14044:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Requirements and guidelines

(ISO 14044:2006)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
recycled metals
metals produced from secondary materials which substitutes primary materials
Note 1 to entry: E.g. recycled metal ingot or slab.

Note 2 to entry: Recycled metals are typically produced from metal scrap which are secondary materials for

recycling. The fraction of recycled metal within a product can vary from low proportion to high depending on the

sourcing of its production, e.g. fraction of virgin metal vs fraction of metal scrap.

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3.2
reused metal products and metal components

products or components recovered from previous use which substitutes new products/components

Note 1 to entry: Examples of reused metal products and metal components are reused structures (beams and

columns), sandwich panels, corrugated roofing sheets.
3.3
semi-finished product
product that needs further processing to be used as a construction product

Note 1 to entry: A semi-finished product can also be called an intermediate product.

4 Abbreviations
EPD Environmental product declaration
PCR Product category rules
LCA Life cycle assessment
LCI Life cycle inventory analysis
LCIA Life cycle impact assessment
RSL Reference service life
ESL Estimated service life
c-PCR Complementary product category rules
CF Characterization factor
ND Not declared
PEF Product environmental footprint
BF Blast furnace
BOF Basic oxygen furnace
DRI Direct reduced iron
HM Hot metal
5 General aspects
5.1 Objectives of the Complementary PCR
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
5.2 Types of EPD with respect to life cycle stages covered
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
5.3 Comparability of EPD for construction products
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
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5.4 Additional environmental information
5.4.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
5.4.2 Additional impact indicators
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:

The following additional environmental impact indicators in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 shall not be

declared in the EPD except if mandatory in the country of declaration:
• Eco-toxicity (Freshwater)
• Human toxicity, cancer effects
• Human toxicity, non-cancer effects

NOTE 1 Under the current EN15804:2012+A2:2019 the additional indicators are optional, due to e.g. lack of

accuracy or representativeness of the underlying models.

The additional impact indicator designated in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 as ‘Potential incidence of

disease due to Particulate Matter emissions (PM)’ should not be declared when doubt has been

identified about the reliability of source data.
NOTE 2 See also Annex K.

5.4.3 Additional information on carbon offset, carbon storage and delayed emissions

As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
5.4.4 Additional information not derived from LCA
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
5.5 Ownership, responsibility and liability for the EPD
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
5.6 Communication formats
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6 Product Category Rules for LCA
6.1 Product category

The product category referred to in this standard includes all construction products and construction

services for buildings and other construction works covered by the scope.
Product examples are:
• Hot rolled open sections (H, I, L, T, U))
• Cold formed hollow sections
• Hot finished hollow sections
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• Welded sections of hot rolled plates or sections mentioned above
• Cold formed open sections (C, I, L, T, U))
• Cold formed structural sheets
• Steel and/or aluminium in multi-material structural products

The product category to which this standard refers, also includes metal construction products and

metal parts in construction products covered by other product standards.
Product examples are:
• Steel and aluminium frames for windows and doors, and steel doors
• Piles
• Sheet piling
• Cladding and roofing sheets
• Steel and aluminium sheets in metal-faced insulating sandwich panels
• Reinforcing and pre-stressing steel (rebars)
6.2 Life cycle stages and their information modules to be included
6.2.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:
NOTE A guidance for LCA-calculation is given in Annex F.

Impacts from transport in all life cycle modules shall be included where relevant.

Unless specific data are calculated, the default data given in Annex G shall be used.

6.2.2 A1-A3, Product stage, information modules
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:

For the supply chain of steel products and aluminium products all material production processes such

as mining and metal production shall be reported in A1 and all product manufacturing processes before

the construction site shall be reported in A3. Distribution between A1 and A3 is given in Table 1.

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Table 1 — Processes reported in modules A1 and A3
Processes A1 A3
Ingot, slab, bloom, billet and powder production including upstream x
processes
Coil, plate, bar, wire and profile production including upstream x
processes
Coating and surface treatment of coil, plate, bar and wire x
Foundry casting including rinsing but excluding machining including x
upstream processes
Forging x
Additive manufacturing x
Profiling and forming x
Cutting, piercing, blanking and machining x
Welding, soldering, gluing etc x
Coating and surface treatment of material other than coil, plate, bar x
and wire
Other processes taking place before transport to the building site x

all transport steps between processes within and between A1 and A3 shall be included and reported

in A2
6.2.3 A4-A5, Construction process stage, information modules
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:
NOTE Default data for module A5 is given in Annex I.
6.2.4 B1-B5, Use stage, information modules related to the building fabric
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:

If coating is included in modules A1, A3 or A5, and the service life is known, then B2 should be declared

for necessary refurbishment of the coating during the service life.

6.2.5 B6-B7, use stage, information modules related to the operation of the building

As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.2.6 C1-C4 End-of-life stage, information modules
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:
The production of the secondary raw material, i.e. metal scrap, usually includes
• Collection and transport of end-of-life products and packages;
• Dismantling of components; Shredding and sorting;

This stage also includes provision of all materials, products and related energy and water use.

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NOTE Default data for module C1 is given in Annex I.
6.2.7 D, Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary, information module
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:
Examples of processes are:

• The conversion of metal scrap into a recycled cast metal, i.e. slab/billet/ingot. This usually includes

melting/remelting, refining and casting and if needed metallurgical treatment.

• The reuse of products. This usually includes storage of dismantled products and refurbishment.

This stage also includes transportation operations and provision of all materials, products and related

energy and water use.
6.2.8 End of life and use of secondary material

Building products or materials for reuse or recycling can occur in all stages of a life cycle.

Scrap generated in modules A1-A3 shall, unless otherwise justified, be treated as closed loop recycling

and not considered as secondary material input coming from outside the system boundary.

Secondary materials exiting modules A5, B and C shall, unless otherwise justified, be considered in

module D. Waste processing up to end of waste state for reuse and recycling shall be reported in the

modules where they occur as illustrated in Table 2.

The use of secondary material can give rise to burdens in modules A1-A3 as described in Table 3.

For the reuse scenario the product does not necessarily become a waste. For the recycling scenario the

end of waste state is normally reached when the scrap is sent to or enters the re-processing facility to

be re-melted, according to the table above, and does not necessarily follow the actual legal status in a

given country.

NOTE 1 for some metals like copper, very clean scrap can reach the point of substitution prior to melting

NOTE 2 In most reuse and recycling scenarios a fraction of the product is lost and can be reported in module

C4.
NOTE 3 Default rates of reuse and recycling and losses are given in Annex H.
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Table 2 — Reuse and recycling scenarios for modules C1, C2, C3 and D
Processes taking place in each module
C1 C2 C3 D
Disassembly or Transport Waste processing in Benefits and loads
demolition preparation for from
reuse and recycling reuse/recycling
Reuse Disassembly, initial Transport to No further Cutting to size/
scenario sorting stockholder processing needed refurbishment/
/fabricator to reach end of finishing to the
waste state point of
substitution.
Benefits of
substitution of a
primary product of
equivalent function
Recycling Demolition/disass Transport to Further Transport to metal
scenario embly, initial treatment facility separation/sorting re-processor, re-
sorting of scrap types, melting and casting.
cutting to size or Benefit of
shredding and/or substituted primary
baling cast metal
ingot/slab
Table 3 — Processes for reuse of products and recycling of secondary materials
in modules A1-A3
Processes taking place in each module
Module A1 Module A2 Module A3
Raw material extraction Transport to Product manufacture
and material processing manufacturing
Secondary product None Additional transport to Cutting to size,
input for reuse manufacturer fabrication /finishing for
final application
Secondary material Transport to metal Transport to Product manufacturing
input for recycling reprocessor, re- manufacturer /fabrication
melting and casting,
material processing
(semi-finished)
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6.3 Calculation rules for the LCA
6.3.1 Functional or declared unit
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:
Declared unit shall be used for construction products covered by EN 1090-1.

Other construction products also covered by this standard may use declared unit or functional unit

depending on the nature of the product.
6.3.2 Functional unit
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.2.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.2.2 Performance in a functional unit
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.3 Declared unit
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:
Declared unit shall be:
• 1 kg: for construction products covered by EN 1090-1.
6.3.4 Reference service life (RSL)
6.3.4.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.4.2 Scenarios for RSL and functional unit
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.5 System boundaries
6.3.5.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.5.2 Product stage
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.5.3 Construction stage
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.5.4 Use stage
6.3.5.4.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
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6.3.5.4.2 B1-B5 Use stage information modules related to the building fabric
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.

6.3.5.4.3 B6 – B7 use stage information modules related to the operation of the building

As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.5.5 End-of-life stage
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.5.6 Benefits and loads beyond the product system boundary in module D
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.6 Criteria for the exclusion of inputs and outputs
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.7 Selection of data
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:

EPDs use a collection of company specific, regional average, or generic data to represent different parts

of the supply chain. For metal products, the most relevant data are typically in module A1 since they

drive the environmental impact results. To provide full transparency on data selection, the information

described in Table 4 shall be provided in the EPD.
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Table 4 — Declaration of data sources in EPD
Data Source and type used (example shown)
Data
A1.1 A1.2
Descriptio
Crude Semi
A2 A3 A4 A5 B C D
metal finished
supply metal
(from supply
slab,
ingot)
Process e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g.
Data worldst worldste GaBi Compa GaBi GaBi GaBi GaBi world-
Source eel el ny X steel
(Trade
association
, specified
database,
company
specific)
Process e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g.
Data Type Europea European Europ Supply Europ Germa Europ Europ
(Generic, n Average ean Chain ean ny ean ean
Regional Average Averag Specifi Averag Averag Averag Averag
Average e c e e e e
(specify),
or Supply
Chain
Specific )
Scenario N/A N/A e.g. N/A e.g. e.g. e.g. e.g. N/A
Data distan distan Indust Main- Europ
source ce ce ry data tenanc ean
(e.g. Compa Compa e for Recycl
distance/r ny X ny X coatin ing
e-cycling specifi specifi gs rates
rate) c c
single company or a group of named companies in a collective

For the vehicle transport scenarios, an empty return journey shall be assumed unless specific return

journey data are available.
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6.3.8 Data requirements
6.3.8.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.8.2 Data quality requirements
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:

Metal production processes under module A1 (see 6.2.2), including the processes for the production of

ingot, slab, bloom, billet and metal powder, are considered ‘relevant data’ for the purposes of data

quality assessment, since they make a major contribution to the overall impact results.

6.3.8.3 Data quality assessment schemes applied on generic and specific data used and

established in the EPD
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.9 Developing product level scenarios
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.3.9.1 Units
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.4 Inventory analysis
6.4.1 Collecting data
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.4.2 Calculation procedures
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.4.3 Allocation of input flows and output emissions
6.4.3.1 General
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019.
6.4.3.2 Co-product allocation
As in EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, in addition:

Co-products of steel production include coke oven by-products, blast furnace slag, basic oxygen

steelmaking slag, process gases, and electric arc furnace steelmaking slag. Due to the use of both steel

and some slag co-products in the construction industry, the allocation of input and output flows in the

respective production processes is particularly important for several products. For these co-products,

the by-product status criteria are met due to a certainty of use following the existence of many different

market applications where they meet the required technical specifications.

By-products of the steel industry shall be considered by-products and not wastes as defined in

EN 15804:2012+A2:2019 unless otherwise justified, and shall therefore not be counted as secondary

input materials
...

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