Suspended ceilings - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard covers membranes, individual substructure components, substructure kits and suspended ceiling kits intended to be placed on the market. It covers suspended ceilings sold as a complete kit, substructures placed on the market as kits, individual components (products) of such substructures, and membrane components. It includes test methods and methods of assessment, as well as provisions for the evaluation of conformity and for the marking of the products to the requirements of this European Standard.
In the absence of any other European Standard, this European Standard specifies dimensions, tolerances and, where relevant, performance requirements, for commonly available ceiling substructures and membrane components.
This European Standard covers the following characteristics:
-   reaction to fire;
-   fire resistance (suspended ceiling kits only);
-   release and/or content of dangerous substances:
-   release of asbestos (content) (suspended ceiling kits and membrane components only);
-   release of formaldehyde (suspended ceiling kits and membrane components only);
-   other dangerous substances;
-   shatter properties (safe breakage)/impact resistance (for suspended ceiling kits and membrane components of brittle materials in suspended ceiling kits only);
-   flexural tensile strength;
-   load bearing capacity, tolerances and dimensions;
-   electrical safety (as adequacy of the product to avoid electrocution from installations that may be part of the assembled ceiling, using electricity, such as ventilation devices and lighting);
-   direct airborne sound insulation (suspended ceiling kits only);
-   sound absorption (suspended ceiling kits and membrane components only);
-   thermal conductivity (suspended ceiling kits and membrane components only);
-   susceptibility to the growth of harmful micro-organisms;
-   resistance to fixings (relevant for components that are mechanically fixed);
-   durability of flexural tensile strength and load bearing capacity against moisture.
This European Standard also covers the following requirements:
-   colour and light reflectance;
-   installation.
This European Standard does not cover the following:
-   ceiling substructures and membrane component covered by other harmonised European Standards, for insitu formed ceilings, covered by other European technical specifications, for which it is the installer, not the component manufacturer, who takes responsibility for ensuring that the complete installed suspended ceiling meets any regulatory requirements to which it is subject;
-   stretched ceilings covered by EN 14716;
-   ceilings in mobile buildings, caravans and other forms of transportation;
-   characteristics needed for special applications, for which additional characteristics other than covered by this European Standard would need to be complied with;
-   suspended ceilings intended for uses in ceilings subject to water penetration requirements;
-   ceilings used externally where requirements other than covered by this standard would apply (tunnels, canopies, petrol stations, arcades, open sports facilities, car parks, etc.);
-   heavy duty suspended ceilings or their supporting construction (e.g. ceilings that can be walked on);
-   ceilings made from fire protective boards;
-   the performance and health and safety requirements of light fittings and other features that, optionally, are included in the suspended ceiling;
-   panels from materials covered in other harmonised European standards already prepared by CEN/TC 241 and CEN/TC 112 (see NOTE 2);
-   anchors covered by other European technical specifications.
NOTE 1   These standards have been developed by CEN/TC 241 under the Mandate M/106 “Gypsum products” and by CEN/TC 112 under the Mandate M/113 “Wood-based panels”.
This European Standard also gives certain specifications for the installed suspended ceiling system (see NOTE 1).
NOTE 2    There are two reasons for this:

Unterdecken - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Decklagen, einzelne Bauteile von Unterkonstruktionen, Bausätze für Unter-konstruktionen und Bausätze für abgehängte Decken, die in Verkehr gebracht werden sollen. Sie behandelt Unterdecken, die als vollständiger Bausatz verkauft werden, Unterkonstruktionen, die als Bausätze auf den Markt gebracht werden, einzelne Bauteile (Produkte) dieser Unterkonstruktionen sowie Decklagenbauteile. Sie schließt sowohl Prüf  und Bewertungsverfahren als auch Festlegungen für die Kennzeichnung und für die Beurteilung der Konformität der Produkte mit den Anforderungen dieser Europäischen Norm ein.
Mangels anderer Europäischer Normen legt die vorliegende Europäische Norm Maße, Grenzabmaße und, sofern zutreffend, Ausführungsanforderungen für handelsübliche Deckenunterkonstruktionen und Decklagenbauteile fest.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt folgende Eigenschaften:
-   Brandverhalten;
-   Feuerwiderstand (nur bei Bausätzen für abgehängte Decken);
-   Freigabe von und/oder Gehalt an gefährlichen Stoffen:
-   Freigabe von Asbest (Gehalt) (nur bei Bausätzen für abgehängte Decken und Decklagenbauteilen);
-   Abgabe von Formaldehyd (nur bei Bausätzen für abgehängte Decken und Decklagenbauteilen);
-   weitere gefährliche Stoffe;
-   Brucheigenschaften (Bruchsicherheit)/Schlagbeständigkeit (nur für Bausätze für abgehängte Decken und Decklagenbauteile aus spröden Werkstoffen in Bausätzen für abgehängte Decken);
-   Biegezugfestigkeit;
-   Tragfähigkeit, Grenzabmaße und Maße;
-   elektrische Sicherheit (je nach Produkt zur Verhinderung der Gefahr eines Stromschlags durch Installationen, die Teil der zusammengebauten Decke und mit Strom betrieben sind, z. B Lüftungs-einrichtungen und Beleuchtung);
-   direkte Luftschalldämmung (nur bei Bausätzen für abgehängte Decken);
-   Schallabsorption (nur bei Bausätzen für abgehängte Decken und Decklagenbauteilen);
-   Wärmeleitfähigkeit (nur bei Bausätzen für abgehängte Decken und Decklagenbauteilen);
-   Anfälligkeit für das Wachstum gesundheitsgefährdender Mikroorganismen;
-   Widerstandsfähigkeit gegenüber Befestigungen (relevant für mechanisch befestigte Bauteile);
-   Dauerhaftigkeit hinsichtlich Biegezugfestigkeit und Tragfähigkeit bei Feuchteeinwirkung.
Darüber hinaus behandelt diese Europäische Norm die folgenden Anforderungen:
-   Farb  und Licht Reflexion;
-   Einbau.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
-   Deckenunterkonstruktionen und Bauteile von Decklagen, die Gegenstand anderer harmonisierter Europäischer Normen sind, und für vor Ort gebaute Decken, die von anderen Europäischen Technischen Spezifikationen abgedeckt werden, für die der Monteur und nicht der Bauteilhersteller die Verantwortung dafür übernimmt, dass die vollständig eingebaute abgehängte Decke alle auf sie zutreffenden gesetzlichen Anforderungen erfüllt;
-   Spanndecken nach EN 14716;
-   Decken in beweglichen Bauten, Wohnwagen und anderen Transportmitteln;
-   die für Sonderanwendungen erforderlichen Merkmale, für die zusätzliche Leistungsmerkmale erfüllt sein müssen, die diese Europäische Norm nicht enthält;
-   abgehängte Decken für Anwendungen in Decken, die Anforderungen hinsichtlich Eindringen von Wasser unterliegen;
-   Decken für Außenanwendungen, bei denen andere als in dieser Norm festgelegte Anforderungen gelten (Tunnel, Überdachungen, Tankstellen, Arkaden, offene Sportanlagen, Parkhäuser usw.);
-   stark belastbare abgehängte Decken oder deren tragende Konstruktion (z. B. begehbare Decken);
-   Decken, die aus Feuerschutz Brettern hergestellt sind;
-   Leistungs  sowie Gesundheits  und Sicherheitsanforderungen an Beleuchtungskörper und weitere Merk-male, die wahlweise in der abgehängten Decke vorhanden sind;
-   Platten aus Werkstoffen, die bereits durch andere harmonisierte Europäische Normen abgedeckt sind, die vom CEN/TC 241 und CEN/TC 112 erarbeitet wurden (siehe ANMERKUNG 1);
...

Plafonds suspendus - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

1 Domaine d’application
La présente Norme européenne couvre les éléments d’habillage, les éléments individuels des ossatures, les ossatures vendues sous forme de kits et les plafonds suspendus vendus sous forme de kits destinés à être mis sur le marché. Elle couvre les plafonds suspendus vendus sous forme de kits complets, les ossatures mises sur le marché sous forme de kits, les éléments (produits) individuels de ces ossatures et les éléments d’habillage. Elle contient les méthodes d'essai et d'évaluation ainsi que les dispositions relatives à l'évaluation de la conformité et au marquage des produits aux exigences de la présente Norme européenne.
En l'absence de toute autre Norme européenne, la présente Norme européenne spécifie les dimensions, les tolérances et, le cas échéant, les exigences de performance des ossatures de plafond et des éléments d’habillage couramment disponibles.
La présente Norme européenne couvre les caractéristiques suivantes :
- la réaction au feu ;
- la résistance au feu (kits de plafond suspendu uniquement) ;
- le rejet de substances dangereuses et/ou la teneur en substances dangereuses :
- rejet d'amiante (teneur) (kits de plafond suspendu et éléments d’habillage uniquement) ;
- rejet de formaldéhyde (kits de plafond suspendu et éléments d’habillage uniquement) ;
- autres substances dangereuses ;
- les caractéristiques de friabilité (sécurité en cas de bris)/résistance aux impacts (pour les plafonds suspendus vendus sous forme de kits et les éléments d’habillage en matériaux friables employés dans les kits de plafond suspendu uniquement) ;
- la résistance à la flexion ;
- la tenue sous charge, tolérances et dimensions ;
- la sécurité électrique (par exemple l'adéquation du produit à éviter une électrocution par des installations pouvant faire partie du plafond monté, utilisant l'électricité, par exemple les dispositifs de ventilation et d'éclairage) ;
- l’isolation du bruit aérien direct (kits de plafond suspendu uniquement) ;
- l’absorption acoustique (kits de plafond suspendu et éléments d’habillage uniquement) ;
- la conductivité thermique (kits de plafond suspendu uniquement et éléments d’habillage uniquement) ;
- la susceptibilité au développement de micro-organismes dangereux ;
- la résistance aux fixations (pour les éléments fixés mécaniquement) ;
- la durabilité de la résistance à la flexion et de la capacité sous charge en fonction de l'humidité.
(...)

Viseči stropi - Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Mar-2014
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Sep-2019
Completion Date
02-Sep-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Unterdecken - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenPlafonds suspendus - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiSuspended ceilings - Requirements and test methods91.060.30Stropi. Tla. StopniceCeilings. Floors. StairsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13964:2014SIST EN 13964:2014en,fr,de01-april-2014SIST EN 13964:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13964:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13964
March 2014 ICS 91.060.30 Supersedes EN 13964:2004English Version
Suspended ceilings - Requirements and test methods
Plafonds suspendus - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Unterdecken - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 August 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13964:2014 ESIST EN 13964:2014

EN 13964:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................6 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................7 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................8 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................9 3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 12 3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 12 3.2 Suspended ceiling and substructure components (see Figure 1) ................................................ 13 3.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 13 3.2.2 Fixing, connections and supports .................................................................................................... 14 3.3 Ceiling membranes and ceiling membrane components ............................................................... 14 3.4 Typical suspended ceiling systems using volume or thin gauge materials ................................ 16 4 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 20 4.1 Dimensions and tolerances – General ............................................................................................. 20 4.2 Modular dimensions ........................................................................................................................... 20 4.3 Mechanical resistance and stability of load bearing components ................................................ 29 4.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 29 4.3.2 Substructure ........................................................................................................................................ 29 4.3.3 Suspension components and fasteners .......................................................................................... 31 4.3.4 Resistance to fixings .......................................................................................................................... 31 4.3.5 Wind load resistance .......................................................................................................................... 31 4.3.6 Impact resistance................................................................................................................................ 31 4.3.7 Seismic resistance ............................................................................................................................. 31 4.4 Safety in case of fire ........................................................................................................................... 32 4.4.1 Fire resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 32 4.4.2 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 32 4.5 Hygiene, health and environment – Toxic gases and dangerous substances ............................ 33 4.5.1 Release of Asbestos (content) .......................................................................................................... 33 4.5.2 Release and/or content of formaldehyde ......................................................................................... 34 4.5.3 Other dangerous substances ............................................................................................................ 34 4.5.4 Susceptibility to the growth of harmful micro-organisms ............................................................. 34 4.6 Safety in use ........................................................................................................................................ 34 4.6.1 Shatter properties ............................................................................................................................... 34 4.6.2 Flexural tensile strength .................................................................................................................... 35 4.6.3 Mechanical strength, safety against failure – baffles ..................................................................... 35 4.6.4 Electrical safety................................................................................................................................... 35 4.7 Acoustics ............................................................................................................................................. 35 4.7.1 Test specimen preparation ................................................................................................................ 35 4.7.2 Sound absorption ............................................................................................................................... 35 4.7.3 Sound insulation ................................................................................................................................. 36 4.7.4 Direct field of application ................................................................................................................... 36 4.8 Durability ............................................................................................................................................. 36 4.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 36 4.8.2 Dampness ............................................................................................................................................ 36 4.8.3 Service life requirements ................................................................................................................... 37 4.8.4 Classification of ceiling exposure conditions ................................................................................. 37 4.8.5 Corrosion protection .......................................................................................................................... 37 4.8.6 Contact corrosion protection ............................................................................................................ 38 4.8.7 Durability of non-cellular PVC profiles ............................................................................................. 38 4.8.8 Durability of wooden products .......................................................................................................... 39 4.9 Colour, light reflectance and gloss factor for suspended ceiling components ........................... 39 4.9.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39 SIST EN 13964:2014

EN 13964:2014 (E) 3 4.9.2 Measurement method of colour composition .................................................................................. 39 4.9.3 Measurement method for light reflectance ....................................................................................... 39 4.9.4 Measurement and value of gloss factor ............................................................................................ 39 4.10 Thermal insulation ............................................................................................................................... 39 5 Loading capacity of substructures components – Test methods.................................................. 39 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 39 5.2 Bending test of metal substructure profiles ..................................................................................... 40 5.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 40 5.2.2 Procedure for testing .......................................................................................................................... 40 5.2.3 Assessment of results ........................................................................................................................ 41 5.2.4 Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 42 5.3 Testing of metal suspension and connecting components ............................................................ 43 5.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 43 5.3.2 Static test.............................................................................................................................................. 47 5.3.3 Functional test ..................................................................................................................................... 48 5.3.4 Assessment of test results (static test) ............................................................................................ 48 5.3.5 Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 48 5.4 Acceptance factor kσ ........................................................................................................................... 49 6 Evaluation of conformity .................................................................................................................... 50 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 50 6.2 Initial type testing ................................................................................................................................ 50 6.3 Factory production control (FPC) ...................................................................................................... 51 6.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 51 6.3.2 General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 51 6.3.3 Product specific requirements ........................................................................................................... 51 6.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and of FPC ............................................................................................. 55 6.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ........................................................................................................ 56 6.3.6 Procedure for modifications............................................................................................................... 56 7 Marking, labelling and packaging ...................................................................................................... 56 7.1 Marking and labelling .......................................................................................................................... 56 7.2 Packaging ............................................................................................................................................. 56 8 Technical documentation ................................................................................................................... 56 Annex A (informative)

Guidance for installation ............................................................................................ 57 A.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 57 A.2 Manufacturer’s instructions ............................................................................................................... 57 A.3 Site conditions ..................................................................................................................................... 58 A.4 Supply and storage of materials ........................................................................................................ 58 A.5 Measurement and maximum deviations ........................................................................................... 58 A.5.1 Level mark ............................................................................................................................................ 58 A.5.2 Flatness ................................................................................................................................................ 58 A.5.3 Squareness .......................................................................................................................................... 58 A.5.4 Alignment of linear components ....................................................................................................... 58 A.5.5 Cut to size membrane components ................................................................................................... 58 A.5.6 Fire resistant ceilings .......................................................................................................................... 59 A.5.7 Top fixing and perimeter trim fixing .................................................................................................. 59 A.6 Mechanical resistance and stability of load bearing components ................................................. 59 Annex B (informative)

Selection of top fixing and perimeter trim fixing ..................................................... 61 Annex C (informative)

Wind load resistance .................................................................................................. 63 Annex D (normative)

Impact resistance ......................................................................................................... 64 D.1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................... 64 D.2 Definitions ............................................................................................................................................ 64 D.3 Test apparatus ..................................................................................................................................... 64 D.3.1 Balls ...................................................................................................................................................... 64 D.3.2 Ball gun................................................................................................................................................. 64 D.4 Mounting of structural elements ........................................................................................................ 65 SIST EN 13964:2014

EN 13964:2014 (E) 4 D.5 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 65 D.5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 65 D.5.2 Calibration of the ball gun apparatus ............................................................................................... 66 D.5.3 Testing of ceiling elements ................................................................................................................ 66 D.6 Evaluation ............................................................................................................................................ 66 D.7 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 66 Annex E (normative)

Formaldehyde classes and associated test methods .............................................. 68 Annex F (normative)

Membrane components – Flexural tensile strength test ......................................... 70 F.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 70 F.2 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................... 70 F.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 70 F.2.2 Test frame ............................................................................................................................................ 70 F.2.3 Loading equipment ............................................................................................................................. 71 F.2.4 Test room/chamber............................................................................................................................. 72 F.2.5 Balance ................................................................................................................................................ 72 F.3 Test conditions ................................................................................................................................... 72 F.3.1 Environmental conditions .................................................................................................................. 72 F.3.2 Restraints/boundary conditions ........................................................................................................ 72 F.4 Test specimen ..................................................................................................................................... 73 F.4.1 Size and characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 73 F.4.2 Number of specimens ........................................................................................................................ 73 F.4.3 Conditioning ........................................................................................................................................ 73 F.5 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 73 F.5.1 Types of loading of the specimen ..................................................................................................... 73 F.5.2 General ................................................................................................................................................. 73 F.5.3 Test without loading (minimum normative requirement) ............................................................... 73 F.5.4 Test with additional load .................................................................................................................... 74 F.6 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 75 F.7 Extended field of application ............................................................................................................. 76 Annex G (normative)

Suspension component – Functional test ................................................................ 77 Annex H (normative)

Perimeter trim component- Functional test, determination of load bearing capacity ................................................................................................................................................ 80 H.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 80 H.2 Basic test for perimeter trims ............................................................................................................ 80 H.2.1 Test installation ................................................................................................................................... 80 H.2.2 Fixing the perimeter trims .................................................................................................................. 81 H.2.3 Test load .............................................................................................................................................. 81 H.2.4 Number of tests ................................................................................................................................... 82 H.2.5 Application of the load ....................................................................................................................... 82 H.2.6 Perimeter trim thickness .................................................................................................................... 83 H.2.7 Alternative testing............................................................................................................................... 83 H.2.8 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 83 Annex I (normative)

Reaction to fire test - Mounting and fixing ................................................................. 85 I.1 Dimensions of the test rig in accordance with EN 13823 ............................................................... 85 I.2 Ceiling membrane components ........................................................................................................ 85 I.2.1 Mounting and fixing in accordance with EN 13823 ......................................................................... 85 I.2.2 End use application rules .................................................................................................................. 92 I.3 Substructure components ................................................................................................................. 92 I.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 92 I.3.2 Mounting and fixing in accordance with EN 13823 ......................................................................... 93 I.3.3 End use application rules .................................................................................................................. 94 I.4 Reaction to fire requirements for small products and components ............................................. 95 I.4.1 Principles ............................................................................................................................................. 95 I.4.2 Small kit components ......................................................................................................................... 95 I.4.3 Small constituents .............................................................................................................................. 95 I.4.4 Linear joint kit components ............................................................................................................... 96 I.4.5 Embedded constituents ..................................................................................................................... 96 SIST EN 13964:2014

EN 13964:2014 (E) 5 I.4.6 Provisions accompanying performance declarations ..................................................................... 96 Annex J (normative)

Mechanical strength, safety against failure – baffles ................................................ 97 J.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 97 J.2 Test equipment .................................................................................................................................... 97 J.2.1 Loading brackets ................................................................................................................................. 97 J.2.2 Conditioning chamber ........................................................................................................................ 97 J.2.3 Loading device .................................................................................................................................... 97 J.3 Test specimen ...................................................................................................................................... 97 J.4 Number of specimen ........................................................................................................................... 97 J.5 Conditioning ........................................................................................................................................ 97 J.6 Test set up (see Figure J.1) ................................................................................................................ 98 J.7 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 99 J.8 Performance criteria, assessment, evaluation and expression of the test result ...................... 100 J.9 Test report .......................................................................................................................................... 100 Annex K (informative)

Reaction to fire performance - Classified without the need for further testing (CWFT) ................................................................................................................................... 101 Annex L (informative)

Guidance on the choice of attestation of conformity system .............................. 102 Annex M (informative)

Significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous edition ................................................................................................................................. 105 Annex ZA (informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU Directives .................................................................................................... 106 ZA.1 Scope and relevant clauses ............................................................................................................. 106 ZA.2 Procedure for attestation of conformity .......................................................................................... 111 ZA.2.1 Systems of attestation of conformity .............................................................................................. 111 ZA.2.2 EC certificate of conformity and EC declaration of conformity .................

...

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