Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from windows and doors

This document specifies the controlled loop and the definition of those material transformation steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.
This document references existing quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC-U profiles for windows and doors.
This document establishes the controlled loop treatment of PVC profiles in line with the general understanding of life cycles as outlined in EN 15804.
NOTE 1   With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present document relates to existing standards EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347.
NOTE 2   With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard PVC-U window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European Standards for windows and doors (see EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 and EN 16034).

Kunststoffe - Geregelter Recyclingkreislauf von Fenster- und Türprofilen aus PVC-U

Dieses Dokument legt den geregelten Kreislauf und die Definition der für die Produktqualität relevanten Materialumwandlungsschritte, insbesondere des Recycling-Inputs und -Outputs sowie des Inputs und des Outputs der Profilherstellung, fest.
Es werden Instrumente zur Rückverfolgbarkeit festgelegt, um diesen Kreislauf als einen geregelten Kreislauf zu charakterisieren.
Dieses Dokument verweist auf bestehende Qualitäts- und Prüfverfahren für PVC-Rezyklat zur Verwendung in Fenster- und Türprofilen aus PVC U.
Dieses Dokument legt die Behandlung von PVC-Profilen im geregelten Kreislauf nach dem allgemeinen Verständnis über Lebenszyklen, wie in EN 15804 beschrieben, fest.
ANMERKUNG 1   Hinsichtlich der Behandlung von PVC-Abfällen bezieht sich das vorliegende Dokument auf die bestehenden Normen EN 15343, EN 15346 und EN 15347.
ANMERKUNG 2   Hinsichtlich Halbzeugen und/oder Endprodukten bezieht es sich auf die Europäische Norm für Fensterprofile aus PVC U (siehe EN 12608-1) und die Europäischen Normen für Fenster und Türen (siehe EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 und EN 16034).

Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U

Le présent document spécifie la boucle contrôlée et la définition des étapes de transformation des matériaux qui sont pertinentes pour la qualité du produit, en particulier les flux entrants et sortants de recyclage et les flux entrants et sortants de fabrication des profilés.
Des outils de traçabilité sont spécifiés pour caractériser cette boucle en tant que boucle contrôlée.
Le présent document répertorie les méthodologies de qualité et d’essai existantes pour le PVC recyclé destiné à être utilisé dans les profilés de fenêtres et de portes en PVC-U.
Le présent document établie le traitement en boucle contrôlée des profilés en PVC en ligne avec la compréhension générale des cycles de vie telle qu’elle est présentée dans l’EN 15804.
NOTE 1   En ce qui concerne le traitement des déchets de PVC, le présent document se base sur des normes existantes EN 15343, EN 15346 et EN 15347.
NOTE 2   Pour les produits semi-finis et/ou finis, il se réfère à la Norme européenne portant sur les profilés de fenêtres en PVC-U (voir l’EN 12608-1) et à la Norme européenne portant sur les fenêtres et les portes (voir l’EN 14351-1, l’EN 14351-2 et l’EN 16034).

Polimerni materiali - Nadzorovano krožno recikliranje oken in vrat iz profilov PVC-U

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Sep-2021
Withdrawal Date
30-Mar-2022
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
22-Sep-2021
Due Date
14-Feb-2022
Completion Date
22-Sep-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17410:2021
01-november-2021
Polimerni materiali - Nadzorovano krožno recikliranje oken in vrat iz profilov PVC-
U
Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from windows and doors
Kunststoffe - Geregelter Recyclingkreislauf von Fenster- und Türprofilen aus PVC-U
Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17410:2021
ICS:
13.030.50 Recikliranje Recycling
83.140.01 Izdelki iz gume in polimernih Rubber and plastics products
materialov na splošno in general
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
SIST EN 17410:2021 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 17410:2021

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SIST EN 17410:2021


EN 17410
EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPÉENNE

September 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.030.50; 83.140.99; 91.060.50
English Version

Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from
windows and doors
Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés Kunststoffe - Geregelter Recyclingkreislauf von
de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U Fenster- und Türprofilen aus PVC-U
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 August 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN
member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.





EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17410:2021 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 3
Introduction . 4
1 Scope . 5
2 Normative references . 5
3 Terms and definitions . 6
4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements . 9
4.1 Life cycle stages of PVC windows and doors . 9
4.2 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages . 10
4.3 Material Flow along the loop . 10
4.4 Definition of quality relevant stages in the controlled loop . 12
4.5 Requirements, material characteristics and related test methodologies . 12
4.6 End of Waste status . 14
4.7 Definition of traceability instruments . 15
4.8 Quality assurance . 15
4.9 Design for recycling . 16
Annex A (informative) PVC window/door profiles and window/door fabrication —
Description of PVC material flow (virgin material, internally reused material and
recycled material) in a controlled loop . 17
Annex B (informative) Characterization of PVC Recyclates for PVC Profiles . 18
Annex C (informative) Optional traceability characteristics of recyclate PVC-U (rPVC-U) for
PVC profiles . 19
Bibliography . 20

2

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 17410:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics”, the
secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2022, and conflicting national standards shall be
withdrawn at the latest by March 2022.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards body.
A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN website.
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,
Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North
Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United
Kingdom.
3

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
Introduction
Recycling of plastics pre- and post-consumer waste is a material recovery process aiming to save
resources such as raw materials, water and energy, thus minimizing emissions into air, water and soil
and hence contributing to human health and environmental protection.
For a huge number of plastic products, individual recycling schemes have been established. Regarding
PVC windows and doors made of un-plasticized PVC, they are subject to an advanced recycling scheme,
i.e. a so-called controlled loop. In this particular case, the used windows and doors are collected, the PVC
frame separated, shredded and treated. The recyclate obtained therefrom then goes back to the
manufacturing of new window and door profiles. To ensure a high quality level of both plastic recycling
and finished products in a single market, the control of the recycling process is recommended to be
standardized, with regard to (i) process steps such as collection, identification, sorting, cleaning and (ii)
sub-process steps such as testing, quality assurance, and traceability.
In that respect, this document forms, together with EN 12608-1, and EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 and
EN 16034 a unique and consistent standardization framework enabling the value chain to act in a circular
manner.
NOTE In this document, only EN 12608-1 will be mentioned. However, whenever this is the case reference is
made to all subsequent parts of EN 12608, once published as well.
4

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
1 Scope
This document specifies the controlled loop and the definition of those material transformation steps
which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile manufacturing
input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.
This document references existing quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC-U
profiles for windows and doors.
This document establishes the controlled loop treatment of PVC profiles in line with the general
understanding of life cycles as outlined in EN 15804.
NOTE 1 With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present document relates to existing standards EN 15343,
EN 15346 and EN 15347.
NOTE 2 With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard PVC-U window
profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European Standards for windows and doors (see EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 and
EN 16034).
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 12608-1, Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) profiles for the fabrication of windows and doors —
Classification, requirements and test methods — Part 1: Non-coated PVC-U profiles with light coloured
surfaces
EN 15343, Plastics — Recycled Plastics — Plastics recycling traceability and assessment of conformity and
recycled content
EN 15346, Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterization of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) recyclates
EN 15347, Plastics — Recycled Plastics — Characterisation of plastics wastes
EN 17213, Windows and doors — Environmental Product Declarations — Product category rules for
windows and pedestrian doorsets
EN 514, Plastics — Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) based profiles — Determination of the strength of welded
corners and T-joints
EN ISO 60, Plastics — Determination of apparent density of material that can be poured from a specified
funnel (ISO 60)
EN ISO 306, Plastics — Thermoplastic materials — Determination of Vicat softening temperature (VST)
(ISO 306)
EN ISO 178, Plastics — Determination of flexural properties (ISO 178)
EN ISO 3451-5, Plastics — Determination of ash — Part 5: Poly(vinyl chloride) (ISO 3451-5)
5

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at https://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
material
PVC-U compound in a form of granules or powder for the production of PVC-U profiles intended to be
used for the fabrication of a window or door
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.1]
3.2
defined formulation
formulation which is a specified composition of polymer, additives and pigments
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.2]
3.3
virgin unplasticized polyvinylchloride
virgin PVC-U
material of a defined formulation, which has not been used or processed other than required for its
manufacture and to which no rPVC-U (3.6) has been added.
Note 1 to entry: Material can be UV resistant, non-UV resistant, or reduced UV-resistant.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.3]
3.3.1
UV resistant material
UVM
material of a defined formulation which fulfills weathering resistance
Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.3.1]
3.3.2
reduced-UV resistant material
RUVM
material of a defined formulation which fulfills reduced weathering resistance
Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.3.2]
6

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
3.3.3
non-UV resistant material
NUVM
material of a defined formulation which does not necessarily satisfy the requirements of the resistance
to weathering
Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.3.3]
3.4
internally reused material
IRM
reused material from internally extruded, virgin material; this includes mismeasured, unused products
and offcuts
Note 1 to entry Different defined formulations cannot be mixed.
Note 2 to entry: Material can be UV resistant, non-UV resistant, or reduced UV-resistant.
Note 3 to entry: "Internally" refers to the same profile manufacturing company group even if located at different
sites.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.4]
3.5
PVC-U waste
PVC-U profile material which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.5]
3.5.1
PVC-U pre-consumer waste
material diverted during a manufacturing process of profiles and/or windows/doors and which the
holder discards or intends or is required to discard
Note 1 to entry: The term post-industrial waste is sometimes used synonymously.
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.5.1]
3.5.2
PVC-U post-consumer waste
material, generated by the end-users of products, that has fulfilled its intended purpose or can no longer
be used and which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard (including PVC-U waste from
installation)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.5.2]
3.5.3
PVC-U waste from installation
material which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard generated during the installation
process of the window or door into the building
[SOURCE: EN 17508:2021, 3.5.3]
7

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
3.6
PVC-U recyclate
recovered PVC-U
rPVC-U
recycled or recovered, unplasticized polyvinylchloride
Note 1 to entry: Material can be UV resistant, non-UV resistant, or reduced UV-resistant.
Note 2 to entry: Table 1 lists products commonly recycled into rPVC-U of a quality for use in the end applications
as outlined.
Table 1 — Products commonly recycled into rPVC-U for profiles in windows and doors
PVC-U product
(PVC-U pre-consumer waste and PVC-U post-
a
consumer waste)
1) window profiles
2) door profiles
3) roller shutter profiles
4) roller shutter boxes
5) blinds
6) claddings
7) window boards
8) building profiles
a
Non listed PVC products with the same material quality as
those listed may likewise be used.
3.7
component
part of a window and/or door such as hardware, glass and gaskets, including profiles.
8

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements
4.1 Life cycle stages of PVC windows and doors
4.1.1 General

[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, Clause 5.2, Figure 1]
Figure 1 — Life cycle stages and modules for the building assessment
4.1.2 Production stage of PVC-U windows and doors
— A1, the forming of raw material, virgin and recycled material into PVC window or door profiles;
— A2, raw material, profiles and components are transported in the course of the production process;
— A3, the assembling of components such as profiles, glass and hardware to windows and doors.
4.1.3 Construction stage of PVC-U windows and doors
— A4, the transport of windows and doors to the building site;
— A5, the installation of windows and doors into the building
4.1.4 PVC-U windows and doors use stage related to the building fabric stage
— B1, the use of windows and doors;
— B2, their maintenance;
— B3, repair;
— B4, replacement; or
— B5, refurbishment.
9

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
4.1.5 PVC-U windows and doors use stage related to the operation of the building stage
— B6, the operational energy use (e.g. operation of heating system and other building related installed
services);
— B7, the operational water use.
4.1.6 PVC-U windows and doors end of life stage
— C1, de-construction, demolition;
— C2, transport to waste processing;
— C3, waste processing for reuse, recovery and/or recycling;
— C4, disposal.
4.1.7 Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary
Module D includes reuse, recovery and/or recycling potentials, expressed as net impacts and benefits
4.2 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages
Life cycle stages as described in 4.1. , Figure 1 refers to a linear model. Conceptually, when using PVC-U
recyclate (rPVC-U) from stage C for the manufacturing of new PVC window or door profiles, the linear
model turns into a circular one and forms a controlled loop, as described in Figure 2.

Figure 2 — Controlled Loop (schematic), material flow (left) and life cycle stages (right)
4.3 Material Flow along the loop
4.3.1 General
NOTE Figure A.1 visualizes the material flows throughout the life cycle of a window profile.
4.3.2 Production stage A1 – A3
The loop starts with the production stage (A1 → A3), where raw materials are converted into finished
products. The production stage outlined here comprises first the manufacturing of PVC profiles and then
their assembly to PVC windows and doors.
10

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SIST EN 17410:2021
EN 17410:2021 (E)
According to the EN 12608 series, the raw material used for the profile production (extrusion) can be
characterized as described in Table 2.
Table 2 — Use of materials on surfaces of profiles
non-sight non visible
Authorized Material Sight surface
visible surface surface
UV resistant material (UVM) Yes Yes Yes
UV resistant internally reused
Yes Yes Yes
material (IRM)
Yes, if covered with UV
Reduced-UV resistant virgin resistant surface layer as
Yes Yes
material (RUVM) described in the
EN 12608 series
Non-UV resistant material (NUVM) No No Yes
PVC-U recyclate (rPVC-U) No No Yes
While incoming virgin PVC-U compound usually is ready to use, rPVC-U might have to be mixed with
additives such as fillers,
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
01-julij-2020
Polimerni materiali - Nadzorovano krožno recikliranje oken in vrat iz profilov PVC-
U
Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from windows and doors
Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern
und Türen
Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17410
ICS:
13.030.50 Recikliranje Recycling
83.140.01 Izdelki iz gume in polimernih Rubber and plastics products
materialov na splošno in general
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
oSIST prEN 17410:2020 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020

---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020


DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17410
NORME EUROPÉENNE

EUROPÄISCHE NORM

May 2020
ICS 13.030.50; 83.140.99; 91.060.50
English Version

Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of PVC-U profiles from
windows and doors
Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de profilés Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling
de fenêtres et portes en PVC-U von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern und Türen
This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for second enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical
Committee CEN/TC 249.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations
which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other
language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC
Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are
aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without
notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.


EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17410:2020 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 3
Introduction . 4
1 Scope . 5
2 Normative references . 5
3 Terms and definitions . 5
4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements . 10
4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages . 10
4.2 Material Flow along the loop . 10
4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I) . 10
4.2.2 Construction stage A4 – A5 . 11
4.2.3 Use stage B1 – B7 . 11
4.2.4 End of life stage C1 – C4 . 11
4.2.5 Recycling/ Reuse/ Reprocess stage D . 11
4.3 Definition of quality relevant stages in the controlled loop . 12
4.4 Requirements, material characteristics and related test methodologies . 12
4.4.1 General . 12
4.4.2 Recycling Input Material – Stage II (C1/C4 → D) . 14
4.4.3 Recycling Output Material (= Profile Manufacturer’s Incoming Material) (Stage
III/D→ A3) . 14
4.4.4 Extrusion incoming material (PVC compound/dryblend ready to use) (Stage I/A→) . 15
4.5 End of Waste status . 15
4.6 Definition of traceability instruments . 15
4.7 Quality assurance . 15
4.7.1 General . 15
4.7.2 Manufacturing control at the recycler . 15
4.7.3 Manufacturing control in the extrusion process at the profile manufacturer . 16
4.7.4 rPVC-U characterization . 16
4.8 Design for recycling . 16
4.8.1 General . 16
4.8.2 Material properties - recyclability . 16
4.8.3 Separability . 16
4.8.4 Traceability . 16
Annex A (informative) PVC window profiles and window fabrication — Visualization of PVC
material stream (virgin, internally re-used material and recycled material) in a
controlled loop . 17
Annex B (informative) PVC window profiles fabrication — Visualization of PVC material
stream (virgin, internally re-used material and recycled material) in the profile
production . 18
Annex C (informative) Characterization of PVC Recyclates for PVC Profiles. 19
Annex D (informative) Traceability characteristics of PVC Recyclates for PVC Profiles. 20
Bibliography . 21

2

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oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
European foreword
This document (prEN 17410:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics”,
the secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
3

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
Introduction
Recycling of plastics pre and post consumer waste is a material recovery process aiming to save
resources such as raw materials, water and energy, thus minimizing emissions into air, water and soil
and hence contributing to human health and environmental protection.
For a huge number of plastic products, individual recycling schemes have been established. Regarding
PVC windows and doors made of un-plasticized PVC, they are subject to an advanced recycling scheme,
i.e. a so-called controlled loop. In this particular case, the used windows and doors are collected, the
PVC frame separated, shredded and treated. The recyclate obtained therefrom then goes back to the
manufacturing of new window and door profiles. To ensure a high quality level of both plastic recycling
and finished products in a single market, the control of the recycling process is recommended to be
standardized, with regard to (i) process steps such as collection, identification, sorting, cleaning and (ii)
sub-process steps such as testing, quality assurance, and traceability.
In that respect, this document forms, together with EN 12608-1, and EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 and
EN 16034 a unique and consistent standardization framework enabling the value chain to act in a
circular manner.
NOTE In this document, only EN 12608-1 will be mentioned. However, whenever this is the case
reference is made to all subsequent parts of EN 12608, once published as well.
4

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 17410:2020
prEN 17410:2020 (E)
1 Scope
This document references existing quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC-U
profiles for windows and doors.
It contains a description of the controlled loop as such, the definition of those material transformation
steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile
manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.
With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present document relates to existing standards such as
EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347.
With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard PVC-U
window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European Standards for windows and doors (see
EN 14351-1, EN 14351-2 and EN 16034).
The controlled loop treatment of PVC profiles will be aligned to the general understanding of life cycles
as outlined in EN 15804.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 12608-1, Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) profiles for the fabrication of windows and doors -
Classification, requirements and test methods - Part 1: Non-coated PVC-U profiles with light coloured
surfaces
EN 15343, Plastics - Recycled Plastics - Plastics recycling traceability and assessment of conformity and
recycled content
EN 15346:2014, Plastics - Recycled plastics - Characterization of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) recyclates
EN 15347, Plastics - Recycled Plastics - Characterisation of plastics wastes
EN 17213, Windows and doors - Environmental Product Declarations - Product category rules for
windows and pedestrian doorsets
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
5

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3.1
material
PVC-U compound in a form of granules or powder for the production of PVC-U profiles intended to be
used for the fabrication of a window or door
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.2
defined formulation
formulation which is a specified composition of polymer, additives and pigments
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3
virgin unplasticized polyvinylchloride
PVC-U
material of a defined formulation, which has not been used or processed other than required for its
manufacture and to which no rPVC-U (3.6) has been added.
Note 1 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant.
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3.1
UV resistant material
UVM
material which fulfills weathering resistance
Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3.2
reduced UV resistant material
RUVM
material which fulfills reduced weathering resistance
Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.3.3
non-UV resistant material
NUVM
material which does not necessarily satisfy the requirements of the resistance to weathering
Note 1 to entry: Weathering resistance shall be defined in the referring standard.
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]

1) Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: prEN 17508:2020.
6

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3.4
internally reused material
IRM
internal material to be reused which includes mismeasured, unused products and offcuts from
internally extruded, virgin material
Note 1 to entry Different defined formulations cannot be mixed.
Note 2 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant.
Note 3 to entry: "Internally" refers to the same profile manufacturing company group even if located at different
sites.
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.5
PVC-U Waste
any PVC-U profile which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard
3.5.1
PVC-U pre-consumer waste
descriptive term covering material diverted during a manufacturing process of profiles and/or
windows
Note 1 to entry: The term post-industrial material is sometimes used synonymously.
[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 2.1701 - modified]
3.5.2
PVC-U post-consumer waste
descriptive term covering material, generated by the end-users of products, that has fulfilled its
intended purpose or can no longer be used (including material returned from within the distribution
chain)
[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 2.1700 - modified]
3.6
recycled unplasticized polyvinylchloride
PVC-U Recyclate
rPVC-U
recycled, unplasticized polyvinylchloride
Note 1 to entry: Table 2 lists products commonly recycled into rPVC-U of a quality for use in the end
applications as outlined.
Note 2 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant.
1)
[SOURCE: EN 17508:— ]
3.7
components
material from window parts such as hardware, glass and gaskets, including profiles.
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3.8 Life cycle stages of PVC windows and doors

[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012+A2:2019, 7 and Figure 1]
Figure 1 — Life cycle stages and modules for the building assessment
3.8.1
product stage
stage including:
— A1, the forming of raw material, virgin and recycled material into PVC window profiles;
— A2, raw material, profiles and components are transported in the course of the production process
— A3, the assembling of components such as profiles, panes and hardware to windows and doors
Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as the waste processing
up to the end-of waste state, or disposal of final residues during the product stage as well as the re-use, recovery
and/or recycling potentials.
3.8.2
construction stage
stage including:
— A4, the transport of windows and doors to the building site;
— A5, the installation of windows and doors into the building
Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as waste processing up
to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during the construction stage. These modules also include all
impacts and aspects related to any losses during this construction stage (i.e. production, transport, waste
processing and disposal of the lost products and materials).
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3.8.3
use stage
stage including:
— B1, the use of windows and doors;
— B2, their maintenance;
— B3, repair;
— B4, replacement; or
— B5, refurbishment
Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision and transport of all materials, products and related energy and water
use, as well as waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during this part of the
use stage. These modules also include all impacts and aspects related to the losses during this part of the use stage
(i.e. production, transport and waste processing and disposal of the lost products and materials).
3.8.4
use stage
stage including:
— B6, the operational energy use (e.g. operation of heating system and other building related installed
services);
— B7, the operational water use
Note 1 to entry: These modules include provision and transport of all materials, products, as well as energy and
water provisions, waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during this part of the
use stage.
3.8.5
end of life stage
stage including:
— C1, de-construction, demolition;
— C2, transport to waste processing;
— C3, waste processing for reuse, recovery and/or recycling;
— C4, disposal
Note 1 to entry: Transportation, provision of materials, products, related energy and water use are also
included.
3.8.6
benefits and loads beyond the system boundary
module D includes reuse, recovery and/or recycling potentials, expressed as net impacts and benefits
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4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements
4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages
Life cycle stages as described in Terms and Definitions, Figure 1 refers to a linear model. Conceptually,
when using recycled PVC from stage D for the manufacturing of new PVC window profiles, the linear
model turns into a circular one and forms a controlled loop, as described in Figure 2.

Figure 2 — Controlled Loop, Life Cycle Stages and material input (schematic)
4.2 Material Flow along the loop
4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I)
The loop shall start with product stage (A1 → A3), where raw materials are converted into finished
products. The product stage outlined here comprises first the manufacturing of PVC window profiles
and then their assembly to PVC windows and doors, respectively PVC doors.
According to EN 12608-1, the raw material used for the profile production (extrusion) can be
characterized as follows:
— For visible surfaces:
— UV resistant virgin PVC-U compound respectively dryblend,

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 17410:2019
01-september-2019
Polimerni materiali - Nadzorovano krožno recikliranje izrabljenih oken in vrat iz
PVC-U materialov
Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of post-consumer (or post-use) PVC-U windows and
doors
Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern
und Türen
Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de fenêtres et portes post-consommation (ou
post-utilisation) en PVC-U
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 17410
ICS:
13.030.50 Recikliranje Recycling
83.140.01 Izdelki iz gume in polimernih Rubber and plastics products
materialov na splošno in general
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
oSIST prEN 17410:2019 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 17410:2019

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oSIST prEN 17410:2019


DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 17410
NORME EUROPÉENNE

EUROPÄISCHE NORM

June 2019
ICS 13.030.50; 83.140.99; 91.060.50
English Version

Plastics - Controlled loop recycling of post-consumer (or
post-use) PVC-U windows and doors
Plastiques - Recyclage en boucle contrôlée de fenêtres Kunststoffe - Geregeltes Verfahren für das Recycling
et portes post-consommation (ou post-utilisation) en von gebrauchten PVC-U-Fenstern und Türen
PVC-U
This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee
CEN/TC 249.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations
which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other
language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC
Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are
aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without
notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.


EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 17410:2019 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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Contents Page
European foreword . 3
Introduction . 4
1 Scope . 5
2 Normative references . 5
3 Terms and definitions . 5
4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements . 9
4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages . 9
4.2 Material Flow along the loop . 9
4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I) . 9
4.2.2 Construction stage A4 – A5 . 10
4.2.3 Use stage B1 – B7 . 10
4.2.4 End of life stage C1 – C4 . 10
4.2.5 Recycling/ Reuse/ Reprocess stage D . 10
4.3 Definition of quality relevant stages in the controlled loop . 11
4.4 Requirements, material characteristics and related test methodologies . 11
4.4.1 Recycling Input Material – Stage II (C1/C4 → D) . 11
4.4.2 Recycling Output Material (= Converter Incoming Material) (Stage III/D) . 11
4.4.3 Extrusion incoming material (PVC compound/dryblend ready to use) (Stage I/A) . 12
4.5 End of Waste . 13
4.6 Definition of traceability instruments . 14
4.7 Quality Assurance . 15
4.7.1 General . 15
4.7.2 Manufacturing control in the forming process at the converter . 16
4.7.3 Manufacturing control at the recycler . 16
4.7.4 Plastic recyclates characterization . 16
4.8 Design for recycling . 17
4.8.1 General . 17
4.8.2 Material properties - recyclability . 17
4.8.3 Modularity . 17
4.8.4 Traceability . 17
Annex A (informative) PVC window profiles and window fabrication — Visualization of PVC
material stream (virgin, reprocessed and recycled material) in a controlled loop . 18
Annex B (informative) PVC window profiles and window fabrication — Visualization of PVC
material stream (virgin, reprocessed and recycled material) in the profile
production . 19
Bibliography . 20

2

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European foreword
This document (prEN 17410:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics”,
the secretariat of which is held by NBN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
3

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Introduction
Recycling of plastics waste and scrap is a material recovery process aiming to save resources such as
raw materials, water and energy and thus minimizing emissions into air, water and soil and hence
contributing to human health and environmental protection.
For a huge number of plastic products, individual recycling schemes have been established. Regarding
PVC windows and doors made of un-plasticized PVC, they are subject to an advanced recycling scheme,
i.e. a so-called controlled loop. In this particular case, the used windows are collected, the PVC frame
separated, shredded and treated. The recyclate obtained therefrom then goes back to the
manufacturing of new window profiles. To ensure a high quality level of both plastic recycling and
finished products in a single market, the control of the recycling process is recommended to be
standardized, with regard to (i) process steps such as collection, identification, sorting, cleaning and (ii)
sub-process steps such as testing quality assurance, and traceability.
In that respect, this standard forms, together with EN 12608-1 and EN 14351-1, a unique and consistent
standardization framework enabling the value chain to act in a circular manner.
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1 Scope
This document defines quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC window
profile systems.
It contains a description of the controlled loop as such, the definition of those material transformation
steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile
manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.
With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present document relates to existing standards such as
EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347
With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard for un-
plasticized PVC window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European harmonized standard for
windows and doors (see EN 14351-1).
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 12608-1:2016, Unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) profiles for the fabrication of windows and
doors — Classification, requirements and test methods — Part 1: Non-coated PVC-U profiles with light
coloured surfaces
EN 15343, Plastics — Recycled Plastics — Plastics recycling traceability and assessment of conformity and
recycled content
EN 15346:2014, Plastics — Recycled plastics — Characterization of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) recyclates
EN 15347, Plastics — Recycled Plastics — Characterisation of plastics wastes
prEN 17213, Windows and doors — Environmental Product Declarations— Product category rules for
windows and pedestrian doorsets
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
controlled loop
controlled loop of post-consumer PVC-U windows recycling
controlled process where end-user wastes, such as from windows and doors, are collected and recycled
Note 1 to entry: The controlled loop comprises the collection of the PVC windows, its treatment, the recycling of
PVC frames and finally, its use in new profiles used for the manufacturing of windows and doors and related
building products.
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3.2 Virgin unplasticised poly(vinyl chloride), PVC-U
3.2.1
virgin material
material of a defined formulation, which has not been used or processed other than as required for its
manufacture, and to which to which no rPVC-U has been added
Note 1 to entry: Material can be UV, non-UV or reduced UV-resistant
3.2.2
own reprocessed material
ORM
reprocessed scrap, mismeasured, unused products and offcuts from internally monoextruded virgin
material
Note 1 to entry: Differently defined formulations cannot be mixed.
3.3
recycled un-plasticised poly (vinyl chloride)
rPVC
recycled, un-plasticized polymer of poly(vinyl chloride)
Note 1 to entry: Table 1 lists products commonly recycled into rPVCU for the end applications as outlined. Non-
listed products with the same quality PVC may likewise be used.
3.4
pre-consumer
descriptive term covering material diverted during a manufacturing process
[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 3.X]
3.5
post-consumer
descriptive term covering material, generated by the end-users of products, that has fulfilled its
intended purpose or can no longer be used (including material returned from within the distribution
chain)
[SOURCE: EN ISO 472:2013, 3.X]
3.6
components
non-PVC material from window parts such as hardware, panes, and gaskets
3.7
waste
any substance or object which the holder discards or intends to or is required to discard
6

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3.8 Life cycle stages of PVC windows and doors

[SOURCE: EN 15804:2012, 6.2 and Figure 1]
Figure 1 —Life cycle stages and modules for the building assessment
3.8.1
product stage
stage including:
— A1, the forming of raw material, virgin and secondary material into PVC window profiles;
— A2, the transport to the window manufacturer;
— A3, the assembling of components such as profiles, panes and hardware to windows and doors
Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as the scrap processing
up to the end-of waste state, or disposal of final residues during the product stage.
3.8.2
construction process stage
stage including:
— A4, the transport of windows and doors to the building site;
— A5, the installation of windows and doors into the building
Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision of all materials, products and energy, as well as waste processing up
to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during the construction process stage. These information
modules also include all impacts and aspects related to any losses during this construction process stage (i.e.
production, transport, and scrap processing and disposal of the lost products and materials).
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
7

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3.8.3
use stage related to the building fabric
stage including:
— B1, the use of windows and doors;
— B2, their maintenance;
— B3, repair;
— B4, replacement; or
— B5, refurbishment
Note 1 to entry: Included is the provision and transport of all materials, products and related energy and water
use, as well as scrap and waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final residues during this
part of the use stage. These information modules also include all impacts and aspects related to the losses during
this part of the use stage (i.e. production, transport, scrap and waste processing and disposal of the lost products
and materials).
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.8.4
use stage related to the operation of the building
stage including:
— B6, the operational energy use (e.g. operation of heating system and other building related installed
services);
— B7, the operational water use
Note 1 to entry: These information modules include provision and transport of all materials, products, as well
as energy and water provisions, scrap and waste processing up to the end-of-waste state or disposal of final
residues during this part of the use stage.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
3.8.5
end of life stage
stage including:
— C1, de-construction, demolition;
— C2, transport to waste processing;
— C3, waste processing for reuse, recovery and/or recycling;
— C4, disposal
Note 1 to entry: Transportation, provision of materials, products, related energy and water use are also
included.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
8

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3.8.6
benefits and loads beyond the system boundary
module D includes reuse, recovery and/or recycling potentials, expressed as net impacts and benefits
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
4 Methodology, Procedures and Requirements
4.1 Controlled Loop Model and Life Cycle Stages
Life cycle stages as described in Introduction, Figure 1 refer to a linear model. Conceptually, when using
recycled PVC from stage D for the manufacturing of new PVC window profiles, the linear model turns
into a circular one and forms a controlled loop, as described in Figure 2.

Figure 2 — Controlled Loop, Life Cycle Stages and raw material input
4.2 Material Flow along the loop
4.2.1 Product stage A1 – A3 (stage I)
The loop shall start with product stage (A1 → A3), where raw materials are converted into finished
products. The product stage outlined here comprises first the manufacturing of PVC window profiles
and then their assembly to PVC windows, respectively PVC doors.
According to EN 12608-1, the raw material used for the profile production (extrusion) can be
characterized as follows:
— For visible surfaces:
— UV resistant virgin PVC-U compound respectively dryblend,
— Own re-processed PVC material, and
— For the non-visible surfaces:
— rPVC-U.
NOTE While incoming virgin PVC-U compound usually is ready to use, rPVC might have to be mixed with
additives such as fillers, pigments, stabilizers etc. to prepare a compound ready for extrusion.
9

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PVC-U window profiles can be seen as semi-finished products. T
...

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