This document specifies a procedure for the determination of an elasticity index based on measurements of the shear storage modulus using oscillatory rheometers, establishes general principles, and gives guidelines for performance of measurements. The elasticity index is applicable to all thermoplastics and viscoelastic materials for which the elastic behaviour is a crucial application property.

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    • Standard
      5 pages
      English language
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      5 pages
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This document specifies a method for the separation of overlapping thermal transitions of plastics related to reversing and non-reversing heat flow rate, using temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry.

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    • Standard
      7 pages
      English language
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      7 pages
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This document specifies the general principles of rotational and oscillatory rheometry. Detailed information is presented in Annex A. Further background information is covered in subsequent parts of the ISO 3219 series, which are currently in preparation.

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    • Standard
      45 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      47 pages
      French language
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      46 pages
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    • Draft
      48 pages
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This document specifies general terms and definitions that are used in the context of rotational and oscillatory rheometry. Further terms and definitions can be found in the other parts of the ISOÂ 3219 series where they are used.

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    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language
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      11 pages
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      11 pages
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      11 pages
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This document specifies the general principles of a method for determining the transient extensional viscosity of polymer melts. The procedure details the measurement of polymer melt specimens stretched uniaxially under conditions of constant strain rate and constant temperature. The method is capable of measuring the transient extensional viscosity of polymer melts at Hencky strain rates typically in the range 0,01 s–1 to 1 s–1, at Hencky strains up to approximately 4 and at temperatures ...view more

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      19 pages
      English language
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      19 pages
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This document specifies methods for determining the fluidity of plastics melts subjected to shear stresses at rates and temperatures approximating to those arising in plastics processing. Testing plastics melts in accordance with these methods is of great importance since the fluidity of plastics melts is generally not dependent solely on temperature, but also on other parameters; in particular shear rate and shear stress. The methods described in this document are useful for determining melt vi...view more

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    • Standard
      36 pages
      English language
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      36 pages
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This document defines the general conditions for the determination of the reduced viscosity, intrinsic viscosity and K‑value of organic polymers in dilute solution. It defines the standard parameters that are applied to viscosity measurement. This document is used to develop standards for measuring the viscosities in solution of individual types of polymer. It is also used to measure and report the viscosities of polymers in solution for which no separate standards exist.

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    • Standard
      16 pages
      English language
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      17 pages
      French language
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      16 pages
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      17 pages
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This document specifies the characteristics of non-adiabatic fast differential scanning calorimeters, also covered by the general abbreviation FSC having an open specimen geometry in which specimens are placed directly onto active measurement areas of chip sensors based on Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) membrane technology, without encapsulation in closed crucibles and ovens. Due to the open specimen geometry, this document is applicable to very small specimens having masses of not grea...view more

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      27 pages
      English language
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      27 pages
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This document specifies a bending-vibration method based upon resonance curves for determining the flexural complex modulus E*f of homogeneous plastics and the damping properties of laminated plastics intended for acoustic insulation, for example systems consisting of a metal sheet coated with a damping plastic layer, or sandwich systems consisting of two sheet-metal layers with an intermediate plastic layer. For many purposes, it is useful to determine these properties as a function of temperat...view more

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    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
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      13 pages
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      13 pages
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      13 pages
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This document specifies a method for determining the drawing and break characteristics of molten plastics. The method involves the measurement of the force generated in deforming a molten filament under defined extrusion temperature and drawing conditions. Data is generated under non-isothermal and non-homogeneous deformation conditions. However, it is useful for the interpretation of polymer behaviour in extensional flow. The method is suitable for thermoplastics moulding and extrusion material...view more

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      17 pages
      English language
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      17 pages
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This document establishes a method for determination of the thermal conductivity of solid unfilled and filled or fibre reinforced plastics and composites by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is applicable for materials with thermal conductivities of up to 1 W/(m⋅K).

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    • Standard
      15 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      16 pages
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      15 pages
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      16 pages
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This document specifies methods for determining the specific heat capacity of plastics by differential scanning calorimetry.

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    • Standard
      12 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      12 pages
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      12 pages
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    • Draft
      12 pages
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This document specifies a method for the determination of the activation energy, Ea, in the Arrhenius formula for the decomposition of polymers using a thermogravimetric technique. The method is applicable only if the reaction proceeds by a single mechanism. It is applicable to multistage reactions if they consist of clearly separated single-stage steps.

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      6 pages
      English language
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      6 pages
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This document specifies an analysis method for determining the activation energy using the Ozawa-Friedman plot. It also specifies the preparation of master plots for verification of the reaction kinetics determined by thermogravimetry.

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    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language
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      14 pages
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This document establishes a method for measurement of specific heat capacity, cp, using temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry.

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    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language
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      13 pages
      English language

This document specifies the determination of total luminous transmittance and total luminous reflectance on clear, translucent or opaque plastics. Specimen shapes include moulded plaque or discs, films and sheets. Fluorescent plastics and chromatic colour plastics are not covered by this document. NOTE The scope of ISO 13468-1 shows that ISO 13468-1 covers planar transparent and substantially colourless plastics. The method in this document provide the way to trap diffused light and covers to me...view more

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    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language

This document specifies methods for the determination of the glass transition temperature and the step height related to the glass transition of amorphous and partially crystalline plastics.

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    • Standard
      9 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      9 pages
      French language

This document covers the determination of the total luminous transmittance, in the visible region of the spectrum, of planar transparent and substantially colourless plastics, using a single-beam photometer with a specified CIE Standard light source and photodetector. This document cannot be used for plastics which contain fluorescent materials. This document is applicable to transparent moulding materials, films and sheets not exceeding 10 mm in thickness. NOTE 1 Total luminous transmittance ca...view more

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    • Standard
      9 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      9 pages
      French language

This document specifies methods for determining a value of the glass transition temperature (Tg) from the dynamic mechanical properties measured during a linear temperature scan under heating conditions. The glass transition temperature is an indicator of the transition from a hard and relatively brittle glassy state to a rubbery or viscous liquid state in an amorphous polymer or in amorphous regions of a partially crystalline polymer. Usually referred to as dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), th...view more

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      14 pages
      English language

This document specifies a method for determining the average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution of polymers using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution are calculated using a universal calibration curve instead of the conventional calibration curve. NOTE This test method is classified as a relative method as described in ISO 16014-1, but the average molecular weights and molecular weight distributions calculate...view more

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    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language

This document specifies a method for determining the average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution of polymers by size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) using an organic eluent at a temperature lower than 60 °C (see Annex A). The average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution are calculated from a calibration curve prepared using polymer standards. Therefore, this test method is classified as a relative method (see ISO 16014-1).

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language

This document specifies a general method for determining the average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution of polymers using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution are calculated from a calibration curve constructed using polymer standards if using one of the SEC techniques described in ISO 16014-2 to ISO 16014-4 or from a calibration curve constructed using absolute molecular weight data if using size-exclusion ch...view more

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language

This document specifies a method for determining the average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution of polymers by size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) using an organic eluent at temperatures between 60 °C and 220 °C (see Annex A). The average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution are calculated from a calibration curve prepared using polymer standards. Therefore, this test method is classified as a relative method (see ISO 16014-1).

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    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language

This document specifies a general method for determining the average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution of polymers using SEC-LS, i.e. size-exclusion chromatography coupled with light-scattering detection. The average molecular weight and the molecular weight distribution are calculated from molecular weight data and weight concentrations determined continuously with elution time. The molecular weight at each elution time is determined absolutely by combining a light-scatteri...view more

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    • Standard
      24 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      25 pages
      French language

This document describes a forced, non-resonance method for determining the components of the tensile complex modulus E* of polymers at frequencies typically in the range 0,01 Hz to 100 Hz. NOTE Higher frequency measurements can be made, but significant errors in the dynamic properties measured are likely to result (see 10.2.2 and 10.2.3). The method is suitable for measuring dynamic storage moduli in the range 0,01 GPa to 5 GPa. Although materials with moduli outside this range can be studied, a...view more

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    • Standard
      9 pages
      English language

This document specifies methods for the determination of the water content of plastics in the form of powder, granules, and finished articles. These methods do not test for water absorption (kinetics and equilibrium) of plastics as measured by ISO 62. Method A is suitable for the determination of water content as low as 0,1 % with an accuracy of 0,1 %. Method B and Method C are suitable for the determination of water content as low as 0,01 % with an accuracy of 0,01 %. Method D is suitable for t...view more

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    • Standard
      34 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      37 pages
      French language

This document specifies two methods (A and B) for determining the linear dynamic mechanical properties of plastics, i.e. the storage and loss components of the torsional modulus, as a function of temperature, for small deformations within the frequency range from 0,1 Hz to 10 Hz. NOTE The temperature dependence of these properties, measured over a sufficiently broad range of temperatures (for example from −50 °C to +150 °C for most commercially available plastics), gives information on the trans...view more

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    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      14 pages
      French language

The various parts of ISO 6721 specify methods for the determination of the dynamic mechanical properties of rigid plastics within the region of linear viscoelastic behaviour. This document specifies the definitions and describes the general principles including all aspects that are common to the individual test methods described in the subsequent parts. Different deformation modes can produce results that are not directly comparable. For example, tensile vibration results in a stress which is un...view more

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    • Standard
      23 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      25 pages
      French language

This document describes a flexural, non-resonance method for determining the components of the flexural complex modulus Ef* of polymers at frequencies typically in the range 0,01 Hz to 100 Hz. Higher-frequency measurements can be made, but significant errors in the dynamic properties measured are likely to result (see 10.2.2 and 10.2.3). The method is suitable for measuring dynamic storage moduli in the range 10 MPa to 200 GPa. NOTE Although materials with moduli less than 10 MPa can be studied,...view more

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    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language

This document describes a forced, non-resonance method for determining the components of the shear complex modulus G* of polymers at frequencies typically in the range 0,01 Hz to 100 Hz. Higher-frequency measurements can be made, but significant errors in the dynamic properties measured are likely to result (see 10.2.2 and 10.2.3). The method is suitable for measuring dynamic storage moduli in the range 0,1 MPa to 50 MPa. NOTE Although materials with moduli greater than 50 MPa can be studied, mo...view more

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    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language

This document describes a torsional, non-resonance method for determining the components of the shear complex modulus G* of solid polymers in the form of bars or rods at frequencies typically in the range 0,001 Hz to 100 Hz. Higher-frequency measurements can be made, but significant errors in the dynamic properties measured are likely to result (see 10.2.1 and 10.2.2). The method is suitable for measuring dynamic storage moduli ranging from about 10 MPa, which is typical of values obtained for s...view more

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    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language

This document describes a pulse propagation method for determining the storage component of the complex tensile modulus E' of polymers at discrete frequencies typically in the range 3 kHz to 10 kHz. The method is suitable for measuring materials with storage moduli in the range 0,01 GPa to 200 GPa and with loss factors below 0,1 at around 10 kHz. With materials having a higher loss, significant errors in velocity measurement are introduced through decay of amplitude. The method allows measuremen...view more

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    • Standard
      8 pages
      English language

This document describes an ultrasonic wave propagation method for determining the storage components of the longitudinal complex modulus L* and the shear complex modulus G* of polymers at discrete frequencies typically in the range 0,5 MHz to 5 MHz. The method is suitable for measuring materials with storage moduli in the range 0,01 GPa to 200 GPa and with loss factors below 0,1 at around 1 MHz. With materials that have a higher loss, significant errors in velocity measurement are introduced thr...view more

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      11 pages
      English language

This document specifies a gradient column method for the determination of the density of non-cellular moulded or extruded plastics or pellets in void-free form. Density gradient columns are columns containing a mixture of two liquids, the density in the column increasing uniformly from top to bottom. NOTE Density is frequently used to follow variations in physical structure or composition of plastic materials. Density can also be useful in assessing the uniformity of samples or specimens. The de...view more

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    • Standard
      11 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      11 pages
      French language

This document specifies three methods for the determination of the density of non-cellular plastics in the form of void-free moulded or extruded objects, as well as powders, flakes and granules. — Method A: Immersion method, for solid plastics (except for powders) in void-free form. — Method B: Liquid pycnometer method, for particles, powders, flakes, granules or small pieces of finished parts. — Method C: Titration method, for plastics in any void-free form. NOTE Density is frequently used to f...view more

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    • Standard
      12 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      13 pages
      French language

This document specifies general methods, with suitable test conditions, for the determination of the ash of a range of plastics. The particular conditions chosen can be included in the specifications for the plastic material in question. Particular conditions applicable to poly(alkylene terephthalate) materials, unplasticized cellulose acetate, polyamides and poly(vinyl chloride) plastics, including some specific filled, glass-fibre-reinforced and flame-retarded materials, are specified in ISO 3...view more

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    • Standard
      9 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      10 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method for the determination of the penetration temperature of thermoplastics using thermomechanical analysis (TMA). NOTE This method can also be used to measure the softening point.

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    • Standard
      5 pages
      English language

This document establishes general principles of temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) such as description of the principle and the apparatus, sampling, calibration and general aspects of the procedure and test report common to all parts of the ISO 19335 series. NOTE Details on performing specific methods are intended to be given in the future parts of the ISO 19335 series.

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    • Standard
      16 pages
      English language

This document specifies the general principles of a method, using an inclined‑tube falling‑ball viscometer, for determining the viscosity of polymers and resins in the liquid emulsified or dispersed state. It is intended for application to liquids over a viscosity measurement range of 0,6 mPa·s to 250 000 mPa·s (temperature range −20 °C to +120 °C) for which the shear stress and shear rate are proportional, i.e. the viscosity is independent of the shear rate. This ideal behaviour is commonly kno...view more

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    • Standard
      7 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      7 pages
      French language

This document describes a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for determining the concentrations of cyclic oligomers of caprolactam, from 0,01 % by mass upwards, and linear oligomers of caprolactam, from 5 mg/kg upwards, both up to and including the hexamer of caprolactam (n = 6), in samples of polyamide 6, caprolactam and mixtures of rearrangement products in water. A second, significantly faster, HPLC method is included for determination of caprolactam and its cyclic dimer, ba...view more

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      15 pages
      English language

This document specifies a general method for determining the average molecular mass and molecular mass distribution of polymers (see Reference [1]) from 2 000 g ⋅ mol−1 to 20 000 g ⋅ mol−1 by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The average molecular masses and molecular mass distributions are calculated from a calibration curve constructed using synthetic-polymer and/or biopolymer standards. This method is therefore classified as a relativ...view more

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    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      13 pages
      French language

This document specifies a method of determining apparent viscosity of resins in a liquid state using a single cylinder type rotational viscometer. The method can be used for viscosity measurements in the range from 0,02 Pa ⋅ s to 60 000 Pa ⋅ s. This document is applicable to both Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids and the measured apparent viscosity depends on the velocity gradient to which the liquids are subjected during the measurement.

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      17 pages
      French language

ISO 11357-3:2018 specifies a method for the determination of the temperatures and enthalpies of melting and crystallization of crystalline or partially crystalline plastics.

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    • Standard
      6 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      6 pages
      French language

ISO 11357-6:2018 specifies methods for the determination of oxidation induction time (isothermal OIT) and oxidation induction temperature (dynamic OIT) of polymeric materials by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is applicable to polyolefin resins that are in a fully stabilized or compounded form, either as raw materials or finished products. It can be applicable to other plastics.

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    • Standard
      12 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      12 pages
      French language

ISO 22007-1:2017 describes the background to methods for the determination of the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of polymeric materials. Different techniques are available for these measurements and some may be better suited than others for a particular type, state and form of material. ISO 22007-1:2017 provides a broad overview of these techniques. Standards specific to these techniques, as referenced in this document, are used to carry out the actual test method.

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    • Standard
      19 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language

ISO 22007-4:2017 specifies a method for the determination of the thermal diffusivity of a thin solid disc of plastics in the thickness direction by the laser flash method. This method is based upon the measurement of the temperature rise at the rear face of the thin-disc specimen produced by a short energy pulse on the front face. The method can be used for homogeneous solid plastics as well as composites having an isotropic or orthotropic structure. In general, it covers materials having a ther...view more

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      18 pages
      French language

ISO 19929:2017 specifies a general method for determining the average molecular mass and mixture ratio of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and its derivatives with different end groups by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). It is applicable to PEG and its derivatives with molecular masses from 500 g mol−1 to 20 000 g mol−1. The composition is calculated by means of a calibration curve constructed using standard polymer mixtures, where the peak ...view more

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      13 pages
      English language

ISO 11357-1:2016 specifies several differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) methods for the thermal analysis of polymers and polymer blends, such as - thermoplastics (polymers, moulding compounds and other moulding materials, with or without fillers, fibres or reinforcements), - thermosets (uncured or cured materials, with or without fillers, fibres or reinforcements), and - elastomers (with or without fillers, fibres or reinforcements). ISO 11357-1:2016 is intended for the observation and measur...view more

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    • Standard
      33 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      33 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      33 pages
      French language

ISO 6721-10:2015 specifies the general principles of a method for determining the dynamic rheological properties of polymer melts at angular frequencies typically in the range of 0,01 rad·s-1 to 100 rad·s-1 by means of an oscillatory rheometer with a parallel-plate geometry. Angular frequencies outside this range can also be used (see Note 1). The method is used to determine values of the following dynamic rheological properties: complex shear viscosity η*, dynamic shear viscosity η', the out-of...view more

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      19 pages
      English language

ISO 11357-7:2015 specifies two methods (isothermal and non-isothermal) for studying the crystallization kinetics of partially crystalline polymers using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is only applicable to molten polymers. NOTE These methods are not suitable if the molecular structure of the polymer is modified during the test.

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    • Standard
      12 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      12 pages
      French language