This document specifies a method for the determination of phosphorus, manganese, chromium, copper and cobalt contents in ferronickels, by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) optical emission spectrometry, within the ranges specified in Table 1. This method is applicable to all grades of ferronickels specified in ISO 6501.

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This document specifies the technical delivery requirements for the various forms of ferronickel
(ingots, pieces and shot) usually supplied for steel making and foundry use.

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ISO 5446:2017 specifies requirements and conditions of delivery for ferromanganese usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use.

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This document specifies the technical delivery requirements for the various forms of ferronickel (ingots, pieces and shot) usually supplied for steel making and foundry use.

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This document specifies an infrared absorption method after combustion in an induction furnace for the determination of the sulfur content in ferronickels in the range of 0,002 % to 0,12 %.
The method is applicable to normal production operations. It uses commercially available equipment, which is calibrated using steel and/or ferronickel certified reference materials (CRMs).

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This document specifies an infrared absorption method after combustion in an induction furnace for the determination of the carbon content in ferronickels in the range of 0,004 % to 2,5 %. The method is applicable to normal production operations. It uses commercially available equipment, which is calibrated using steel and/or ferronickel certified reference materials (CRMs).

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This document specifies an infrared absorption method after combustion in an induction furnace for the determination of the sulfur content in ferronickels in the range of 0,002 % to 0,12 %. The method is applicable to normal production operations. It uses commercially available equipment, which is calibrated using steel and/or ferronickel certified reference materials (CRMs).

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ISO 6467:2018 specifies a potentiometric method for the determination of the vanadium content of ferrovanadium. The method is applicable to vanadium contents between 35,0 % and 85,0 % (mass fraction) in ferrovanadium.

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ISO 5446:2017 specifies requirements and conditions of delivery for ferromanganese usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use.

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Measurement of GHG emissions in ferroalloy industry by a verified determination method. This standard is result of the acceptance of M/478 whereby six standards will be developed: one general standard and five sector-specific.

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This International Standard defines a method of sampling for analysis of ferronickel lots in the form of
shot as specified in ISO 6501 in those cases where lots are constituted either heat by heat or by taking
from blended stock.
The purpose is to determine the contents of the various elements
— either from slugs by physical analysis methods (such as X-ray fluorescence or emission spectral
analysis), or
— from chips by dry methods (carbon, sulfur) or chemical analysis (other elements).

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ISO 8049:2016 defines a method of sampling for analysis of ferronickel lots in the form of shot as specified in ISO 6501 in those cases where lots are constituted either heat by heat or by taking from blended stock.
The purpose is to determine the contents of the various elements
- either from slugs by physical analysis methods (such as X-ray fluorescence or emission spectral analysis), or
- from chips by dry methods (carbon, sulfur) or chemical analysis (other elements).

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ISO 8049:2016 defines a method of sampling for analysis of ferronickel lots in the form of shot as specified in ISO 6501 in those cases where lots are constituted either heat by heat or by taking from blended stock. The purpose is to determine the contents of the various elements - either from slugs by physical analysis methods (such as X-ray fluorescence or emission spectral analysis), or - from chips by dry methods (carbon, sulfur) or chemical analysis (other elements).

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This International Standard specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of the Cobalt content of ferronickel in the range 0,025 to 2,5 % (mlm).

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This International Standard specifies a gravimetric method for the determination of the nicke1 content of ferronickel in the range 15 to 60 % Hm).

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This International Standard specifies a gravimetric method for the determination of Silicon in ferronickel in the range 0,2 to 4,0 % b7?lmL

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This International Standard specifies a method for sampling of  ferronickel lots in ingot or piece form with a view to obtaining a representative laboratory sample for the determination of the chemical composition of the lot. As agreed between the purchaser and the supplier, a choice is to be made between two procedures:
- The first procedure can be applied at the procedur,s  plant during casting (description in clauses 3 and 5).
- The second procedure can be applied to lots as delivered at the buyer,s premises (description in clauses 4 and 5). It includes two alternatives for sample taking (drilling and milling).
Each party is entitled to participate in ( or be represented at) sampling operations.

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This document specifies the technical delivery requirements for the various forms of ferronickel (ingots, pieces and shot) usually supplied for steel making and foundry use.

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Specifies methods for the purposes of determining the parameters of random sampling given in the relevant International Standards. Includes an annex.

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Applies to ferroalloys given in the relevant International Standards. Should be read in conjunction with ISO 3713, ISO 7087 and ISO 7373. Includes four annexes.

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Specifies the methods of sampling, sample preparation and sieve analysis for the determination of the size distribution in a consignment or a lot af all types of ferroalloys of particle size equal to or greater than 40 m.

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Refers to ferrosilicon usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage. An annex recommends minimum dimensions of openings for feeding systems.

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Specifies requirements and conditions of delivery for ferroboron usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use.

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The methods are carried out on the gross sample or sub-sample obtained from a ferroalloy consignment according to the methods prescribed in the relevant International Standard. The methods are applicable to the taking of increments of crushable ferroalloys but are not applicable to uncrushable ferroalloys of which increments are taken by boring.

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Refers to ferroniobium usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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Refers to ferromolybdenum usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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Refers to ferrovanadium usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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Refers to ferrotitanium usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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Refers to ferrosilicomanganese usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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Refers to ferrotungsten usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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Refers to ferrosilicochromium usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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This part of ISO 4552 specifies the methods for sampling and sample preparation for the determination of the chemical composition of a consignment of the listed ferroalloys. For the purpose of sampling, ferrochromium is subdivided into non-crushable and crushable alloys.

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The methods given are applicable to increment sampling of consignments supplied both in bulk and in packed form during loading or unloading, and to sampling of consignments in stationary stockpiles. Specifies the methods of both manual and mechanical sampling. Should be read in conjunction with the relevant International Standards for individual types of ferroalloys.

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Refers to ferrochromium usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use. Specifies definition, information for ordering, requirements, testing, despatch and storage.

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This part of ISO 4552 specifies the methods for sampling and sample preparation for the determination of the chemical composition of a consignment of the listed ferroalloys.

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Applies to ferronickel lots in ingot or piece form with a view to obtaining a representative laboratory sample for the determination of the chemical composition of the lot. A choice is to be made between a first procedure that can be applied at the producer's plant during casting or a second procedure that can be applied to lots as delivered at the buyer's premises. Includes two alternatives for sample taking (drilling and milling). Each party is entitled to participate in sampling operations.

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Specifies a method for the determination of silicon in ferronickel in the range 0,2 to 4,0 % (m/m). Gives principle, reagents, apparatus, sampling and samples, procedure, expression of results and test report.

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Applies to nickel contents in the range 15 to 60 % (m/m). Specifies principle, reagents, apparatus and samples, procedure, expression of results and test report. Annex A is provided for the determination of nickel in combined filtrates by atomic absorption spectrometry. Annex B gives a statistical report of interlaboratory tests.

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Applies to cobalt contents in the range 0,025 to 2,5 % (m/m). Specifies principle, reagents, apparatus, sampling and samples, procedure, expression on results, special cases and test report.

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Specifies requirements and conditions of delivery for metal chrome usually supplied for alloying special steels and alloys.

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Specifies requirements and conditions of delivery for ferroboron usually supplied for steelmaking and foundry use.

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Phosphorus content can be determined in the range of 0,000 5 % (m/m) to 0,05 % (m/m). As, Cr, Hf, Nb, Si, Ta, Ti, W interfere, but the interferences can be avoided. The principle is dissolution of a test portion in a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids, fuming with perchloric acid, removal of chromium, complexation of silicon, conversion of phosphorus to phosphovanadomolybdic acid, extraction of this compound.

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Applies to ferronickel lots in ingot or piece form with a view to obtaining a representative laboratory sample for the determination of the chemical composition of the lot. A choice is to be made between a first procedure that can be applied at the producer's plant during casting or a second procedure that can be applied to lots as delivered at the buyer's premises. Includes two alternatives for sample taking (drilling and milling). Each party is entitled to participate in sampling operations.

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Applies to nickel contents in the range 15 to 60 % (m/m). Specifies principle, reagents, apparatus and samples, procedure, expression of results and test report. Annex A is provided for the determination of nickel in combined filtrates by atomic absorption spectrometry. Annex B gives a statistical report of interlaboratory tests.

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Specifies a method for the determination of silicon in ferronickel in the range 0,2 to 4,0 % (m/m). Gives principle, reagents, apparatus, sampling and samples, procedure, expression of results and test report.

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