Automotive fuels - High FAME diesel fuel (B20 and B30) - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for marketed and delivered high FAME (B20 and B30) diesel fuel for use in diesel engine vehicles designed or subsequently adapted to run on high FAME (B20 and B30) fuel. High FAME (B20 and B30) diesel fuel is a mixture of up to 20 % (V/V) in total and up to 30 % (V/V) in total respectively fatty acid methyl esters (commonly known as FAME) complying to EN 14214 and automotive diesel fuel complying to EN 590.
For maintenance and control reasons high FAME (B20 and B30) diesel fuel is to be used in captive fleets that are intended to have an appropriate fuel management (see Clause 3).
NOTE 1   For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms "% (m/m)" and "% (V/V)" are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction.
NOTE 2   In this European Standard, A-deviations apply (see Annex A).

Kraftstoffe - Dieselkraftstoffmischungen mit hohem FAME-Anteil (B20 und B30) - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Anforderungen an und Prüfverfahren für gehandelte und gelieferte Dieselkraftstoffe mit hohem FAME-Anteil (B20 und B30) für den Einsatz in dafür konstruierten oder nachträglich an Kraftstoff mit hohem FAME-Gehalt (B20 und B30) angepassten Kraftfahrzeugen mit Dieselmotor fest. Dieselkraftstoff mit hohem FAME-Gehalt (B20 und B30) ist eine Mischung aus bis zu insgesamt 20 % (V/V) und bis zu insgesamt 30 % (V/V) Fettsäuremethylester (allgemein bekannt als FAME) nach EN 14214 und Dieselkraftstoff nach EN 590.
Dieselkraftstoff mit hohem FAME-Gehalt (B20 und B30) ist zur optimalen Wartung und Kontrolle in geschlossenen Fahrzeugflotten zu verwenden, die über ein entsprechendes Kraftstoffmanagement (siehe Abschnitt 3) verfügen sollten.
ANMERKUNG 1   Für die Zwecke dieser Europäischen Norm wird zur Angabe des Massenanteils der Ausdruck "% (m/m)" und für den Volumenanteil der Ausdruck "% (V/V)" verwendet.
ANMERKUNG 2   Für diese Europäische Norm gelten A Abweichungen, (siehe Anhang A).

Carburants pour automobiles - Carburant diesel à haute teneur en EMAG (B20 et B30) — Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne prescrit des exigences et des méthodes d'essai pour les carburants diesel à haute teneur en EMAG (B20 et B30) destinés aux véhicules à moteur diesel conçus ou adaptés en conséquence pour utiliser ce type de carburant.  Le carburant diesel à haute teneur en EMAG (B20 et B30) est un mélange d’esters méthyliques d’acides gras (appelés EMAG) conformes à l’EN 14214 à hauteur, respectivement, de jusqu’à 20 % (V/V) au total et jusqu’à 30 % (V/V) au total et de carburant diesel pour automobiles conforme à l’EN 590.
Pour des raisons de maintenance et de contrôles, le carburant diesel à haute teneur en EMAG (B20 et B30) doit être utilisé dans des flottes captives pour lesquelles est prévue une gestion appropriée du carburant (voir Article 3).
NOTE 1   Pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, les expressions « % (m/m) » et « % (V/V) » sont utilisées pour désigner respectivement les fractions massiques et les fractions volumiques.
NOTE 2   Dans cette Norme européenne, les Déviations de type A s’appliquent (voir Annexe A).

Goriva za motorna vozila - Dizelsko gorivo z visoko vsebnostjo FAME (B20 in B30) - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in preskusne metode za prodajano in dobavljeno dizelsko gorivo z visoko vsebnostjo FAME (B20 in B30) za uporabo v vozilih z dizelskimi motorji, ki so izdelana ali naknadno prilagojena za delovanje z gorivom z visoko vsebnostjo FAME (B20 in B30). Dizelsko gorivo z visoko vsebnostjo FAME (B20 in B30) je mešanica do skupaj 20 % (V/V) in do 30 % (V/V) metilnih estrov maščobnih kislin (splošno znanih kot FAME), kar ustreza standardu EN 14214 in avtomobilskemu dizelskemu gorivu v skladu s standardom EN 590.
Zaradi vzdrževanja in kontrole je treba dizelsko gorivo z visoko vsebnostjo FAME (B20 in B30) uporabljati v lastnih voznih parkih, kjer se ustrezno upravlja z gorivom (glej točko 3).
OPOMBA 1:   V tem evropskem standardu sta uporabljeni oznaki »% (m/m)« in »% (V/V)«, ki predstavljata masni delež oziroma prostornino.
OPOMBA 2:   V tem evropskem standardu veljajo A-odstopanja (glej dodatek A).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Nov-2018
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
04-Jun-2021
Completion Date
09-Sep-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Goriva za motorna vozila - Dizelsko gorivo z visoko vsebnostjo FAME (B20 in B30) - Zahteve in preskusne metodeKraftstoffe für Kraftfahrzeuge - Dieselkraftstoffmischungen mit hohem FAME-Anteil (B20 und B30) - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenCarburants pour automobiles - Carburant diesel à haute teneur en EMAG (B20 et B30) — Exigences et méthodes d'essaiAutomotive fuels - High FAME diesel fuel (B20 and B30) - Requirements and test methods75.160.20Liquid fuelsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16709:2015+A1:2018SIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019en,fr,de01-februar-2019SIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16709:2015+A1
November
t r s z ICS
y wä s x rä t r Supersedes EN
s x y r {ã t r s wEnglish Version

Requirements and test methods Carburants pour automobiles æ Carburant diesel à méthodes d 5essai

Kraftstoffe æ Dieselkraftstoffmischungen mit hohem Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t { August
t r s w and includes Amendment
s approved by CEN on
w April
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x y r {ã t r s w ªA sã t r s z ESIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019
EN 16709:2015+A1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 4 3 Captive fleet application ............................................................................................................................... 6 4 Sampling ............................................................................................................................................................. 6 5 Pump marking .................................................................................................................................................. 6 6 Requirements and test methods ................................................................................................................ 6 6.1 Dyes and markers ........................................................................................................................................... 6 6.2 Additives ............................................................................................................................................................. 6 6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 6.2.2 Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) ................................................................. 6 6.3 Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) .................................................................................................................. 7 6.4 Other (bio-) components .............................................................................................................................. 7 6.5 Generally applicable requirements and related test methods ....................................................... 7 6.6 Climate dependent requirements and related test methods ....................................................... 10 6.7 Precision and dispute ................................................................................................................................. 10 Annex A (informative)

A-deviations ................................................................................................................... 12 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 13 SIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019

EN 16709:2015+A1:2018 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 16709:2015+A1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 19 “Gaseous and liquid fuels, lubricants and related products of petroleum, synthetic and biological origin”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Corrigendum 1 issued by CEN on 29 June 2016 and Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 5 April 2018. This document supersedes !EN 16709:2015". The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". The modifications of the related CEN Corrigendum have been implemented at the appropriate places in the text and are indicated by the tags ˜™. !Requirements following amendment 2003/17/EC [2], 2009/30/EC [3], 2011/63/EU [4] and 2014/77/EU [12] to the European Fuels Quality Directive 98/70/EC [1], are taken into account. The marking at the pump of this product is in line with the requirements of the Fuels Quality Directive and the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive [11]." This document describes two fuel grades in the range of (14 – 20) % (V/V) and (24 – 30) % (V/V) of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) in diesel fuel to be used in captive fleet application for designated vehicles1), as it is not suitable for all vehicles. Information on the development of this fuel specification can be found in CEN/TR 16557 [5]. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

1) In the sense that they are compatible with the product. SIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019

EN 16709:2015+A1:2018 (E) 4 1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for marketed and delivered high FAME (B20 and B30) diesel fuel for use in diesel engine vehicles designed or subsequently adapted to run on high FAME (B20 and B30) fuel. High FAME (B20 and B30) diesel fuel is a mixture of up to 20 % (V/V) in total and up to 30 % (V/V) in total respectively fatty acid methyl esters (commonly known as FAME) complying to EN 14214 and automotive diesel fuel complying to EN 590. For maintenance and control reasons high FAME (B20 and B30) diesel fuel is to be used in captive fleets that are intended to have an appropriate fuel management (see Clause 3). NOTE 1 For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms “% (m/m)” and “% (V/V)” are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction. NOTE 2 In this European Standard, A-deviations apply (see Annex A). 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 116:2015, Diesel and domestic heating fuels — Determination of cold filter plugging point — Stepwise cooling bath method !EN 12916:2016", Petroleum products — Determination of aromatic hydrocarbon types in middle distillates — High performance liquid chromatography method with refractive index detection EN 12662:2014,2 Liquid petroleum products — Determination of total contamination in middle distillates, diesel fuels and fatty acid methyl esters EN 14078:2014, Liquid petroleum products — Determination of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) content in middle distillates — Infrared spectrometry method EN 14214:2012+A1:2014, Liquid petroleum products — Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for use in diesel engines and heating applications — Requirements and test methods EN 15195:2014, Liquid petroleum products — Determination of ignition delay and derived cetane number (DCN) of middle distillate fuels by combustion in a constant volume chamber EN 15751:2014, Automotive fuels — Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) fuel and blends with diesel fuel — Determination of oxidation stability by accelerated oxidation method EN 16144:2012, Liquid petroleum products — Determination of ignition delay and derived cetane number (DCN) of middle distillate fuels — Fixed range injection period, constant volume combustion chamber method EN 16329:2013, Diesel and domestic heating fuels — Determination of cold filter plugging point — Linear cooling bath method EN 16576:2014, Automotive fuels — Determination of manganese and iron content in diesel — Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) method

2) Under revision. SIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019

EN 16709:2015+A1:2018 (E) 5 !EN 16715:2015, Liquid petroleum products - Determination of ignition delay and derived cetane number (DCN) of middle distillate fuels – Ignition delay and combustion delay determination using a constant volume combustion chamber with direct fuel injection" !EN 16906:2017, Liquid petroleum products - Determination of the ignition quality of diesel fuels - BASF engine method" !EN 16942:2016, Fuels – Identification of vehicle compatibility – Graphical expression for consumer information" EN 23015:19942, Petroleum products — Determination of cloud point (ISO 3015:1992) !EN ISO 2719:2016, Determination of flash point – Pensky-Martens closed cup method (ISO 2719:2016)" EN ISO 3104:19962, Petroleum products — Transparent and opaque liquids — Determination of kinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity (ISO 3104:1994) EN ISO 3170:2004, Petroleum liquids — Manual sampling (ISO 3170:2004) EN ISO 3171:19992, Petroleum liquids — Automatic pipeline sampling (ISO 3171:1988) EN ISO 3405:20112, Petroleum products — Determination of distillation characteristics at atmospheric pressure (ISO 3405:2011) EN ISO 3675:1998, Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products — Laboratory determination of density - Hydrometer method (ISO 3675:1998) !EN ISO 3924:2016, Petroleum products – Determination of boiling range distribution – Gas chromatography method (ISO 3924:2016)" EN ISO 4259:20062, Petroleum products — Determination and application of precision data in relation to methods of test (ISO 4259:2006) EN ISO 5165:19982, Petroleum products — Determination of the ignition quality of diesel fuels — Cetane engine method (ISO 5165:1998) EN ISO 6245:20022, Petroleum products — Determination of ash (ISO 6245:2001) EN ISO 12185:1996, Crude petroleum and petroleum products — Determination of density — Oscillating U-tube method (ISO 12185:1996) EN ISO 12937:2000, Petroleum products — Determination of water — Coulometric Karl Fischer titration method (ISO 12937:2000) EN ISO 13032:2012, Petroleum products — Determination of low concentration of sulfur in automotive fuels — Energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometric method (ISO 13032:2012) EN ISO 20846:2011, Petroleum products — Determination of sulfur content of automotive fuels — Ultraviolet fluorescence method (ISO 20846:2011) EN ISO 20884:2011, Petroleum products — Determination of sulfur content of automotive fuels — Wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (ISO 20884:2011) SIST EN 16709:2015+A1:2019

EN 16709:2015+A1:2018 (E) 6 3 Captive fleet application This European Standard is intended to cover fuels for use in captive fleet application for designated vehicles. Captive fleet is defined as a group of vehicles that use dedicated facilities and logistics for supply and storage of their fuel only accessible for them. The vehicles shall receive adequate maintenance as part of an organization or group agreement with the vehicle supplier(s). NOTE 1 The fleet is usually operated by a single organization, but might also be operated by a consortium of professional vehicle owners. NOTE 2 The fact that they are dedicated implies that fuel facilities are clearly identified as differing from public fuel facilities, by separate placement, and to which accessibility is limited to only captive fleet users. 4 Sampling Samples shall be taken as described in EN ISO 3170 or EN ISO 3171 and/or in accordance with the requirements of national standards or regulations for the sampling of automotive diesel fuel. The national requirements shall be set out in detail or shall be referred to by reference in a National Annex to this European Standard. In view of the sensitivity of some of the test methods referred to in this European Standard, particular attention shall be paid to compliance with any guidance on sampling containers which is included in the test method standard. 5 Pump marking !Information to be marked on dispensing pumps and nozzles used for delivering high FAME (B20 and B30) diesel fuel, and the dimensions of the mark shall be in accordance with EN 16942. Where high FAME (B20 – B30) diesel fuel with metallic additives is made available to consumers, the label shall contain: “Contains metallic additives” in the national language(s) and shall be laid down in the National Annex to this document." 6 Requirements and test methods 6.1 Dyes and markers The use of dyes or markers is allowed. 6.2 Additives 6.2.1 General In order to improve the performance quality, the use of additives is allowed. Suitable fuel additives without known harmful side-effects are recommended, in the appropriate amount, to help to avoid deterioration of driveability and emissions control durability. Other technical means with equivalent effect may also be used. NOTE Deposit forming tendency test methods suitable for routine control purposes have not yet been identified and developed. 6.2.2 Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) !When methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) is used, a specific labelling is required (see also Clause 5). The presence of the MMT is limited via

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