Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Critical review processes and reviewer competencies: Additional requirements and guidelines to ISO 14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14071:2014)

ISO/TS 14071:2014 provides additional specifications to ISO 14040:2006 and ISO 14044:2006. It provides requirements and guidelines for conducting a critical review of any type of LCA study and the competencies required for the review.
ISO/TS 14071:2014 provides:
details of a critical review process, including clarification with regard to ISO 14044:2006;
guidelines to deliver the required critical review process, linked to the goal of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and its intended use;
content and deliverables of the critical review process;
guidelines to improve the consistency, transparency, efficiency and credibility of the critical review process;
the required competencies for the reviewer(s) (internal, external and panel member);
the required competencies to be represented by the panel as a whole.
ISO/TS 14071:2014 does not cover the applications of LCA.

Umweltmanagement - Ökobilanz - Prozesse der Kritischen Prüfung und Kompetenzen der Prüfer: Zusätzliche Anforderungen und Anleitungen zu ISO 14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14071:2014)

Diese Technische Spezifikation stellt zusätzliche Spezifikationen zu ISO 14040:2006 und ISO 14044:2006 bereit. Sie stellt Anforderungen und Anleitungen für die Durchführung einer Kritischen Prüfung jeder Art von Ökobilanzstudie, sowie für die Kompetenzen, die für die Prüfung erforderlich sind, zur Verfügung.
Diese Technische Spezifikation gibt vor:
   Einzelheiten eines Prozesses der Kritischen Prüfung, einschließlich Klärung in Bezug auf ISO 14044:2006;
   Anleitungen zur Durchführung des erforderlichen Prozesses der Kritischen Prüfung, in direktem Zusammenhang zu dem Ziel der Ökobilanz (LCA, en: life cycle assessment) und ihrer vorgesehenen Verwendung;
   Inhalt und zu liefernde Ergebnisse des Prozesses der Kritischen Prüfung;
   Anleitungen zur Verbesserung der Konsistenz, Transparenz, Wirksamkeit und Glaubwürdigkeit des Prozesses der Kritischen Prüfung;
   die erforderlichen Kompetenzen des/der Prüfer(s) (intern, extern und Ausschussmitglied);
   die erforderlichen Kompetenzen, die durch den Ausschuss als Ganzes zu verkörpern sind.
Diese Technische Spezifikation behandelt keine Anwendungen von Ökobilanzen (wie nach ISO 14040:2006, Bild 1).

Management environnemental - Analyse du cycle de vie - Processus de revue critique et compétences des vérificateurs: Exigences et lignes directrices supplémentaires à l'ISO 14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14071:2014)

L'ISO/TS 14071:2014 fournit des spécifications supplémentaires pour l'ISO 14040:2006 et l'ISO 14044:2006. Elle définit des exigences et lignes directrices pour réaliser la revue critique de tout type d'étude d'ACV, ainsi que les compétences requises pour mener cette revue.
L'ISO/TS 14071:2014 fournit:
?    des informations détaillées sur le processus de revue critique, y compris des précisions en ce qui concerne l'ISO 14044:2006;
?    des lignes directrices pour effectuer le processus de revue critique requis, en lien avec l'objectif de l'analyse du cycle de vie (ACV) et son utilisation prévue;
?    le contenu et les objectifs du processus de revue critique;
?    des lignes directrices pour améliorer la cohérence, la transparence, l'efficacité et la crédibilité du processus de revue critique;
?    les compétences requises du ou des praticiens de revue (internes, externes et membres du comité);
?    les compétences requises devant être possédées par le comité dans son ensemble.
L'ISO/TS 14071:2014 ne couvre pas les applications de l'ACV (telles qu'illustrées dans l'ISO 14040:2006, Figure 1).

Ravnanje z okoljem - Ocenjevanje življenjskega cikla - Kritični pregled procesov in kompetence recenzenta: Dodatne zahteve in smernice za ISO 14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14071:2014)

Ta tehnična specifikacija podaja dodatne specifikacije za standarda ISO 14040:2006 in ISO 14044:2006.
Standard podaja zahteve in smernice za izvajanje kritičnega pregleda študije LCA katere koli vrste in kompetence, ki so potrebne za pregled.
Ta tehnična specifikacija določa:
– podrobnosti kritičnega pregleda, vključno s pojasnitvijo glede na standard ISO 14044:2006;
– smernice za izvedbo zahtevanega kritičnega pregleda v povezavi s ciljem ocenjevanja življenjskega cikla in njegovo predvideno uporabo;
– vsebino in izsledke kritičnega pregleda;
– smernice za izboljšanje doslednosti, transparentnosti, učinkovitosti in kredibilnosti kritičnega pregleda;
– zahtevane kompetence recenzenta oz. recenzentov (notranjih, zunanjih in članov sosveta);
– zahtevane kompetence, ki jih v celoti predstavlja sosvet.
Ta tehnična specifikacija ne zajema uporabe ocenjevanja življenjskega cikla (kot je prikazano v standardu ISO 14040:2006, slika 1).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Feb-2016
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
10-Feb-2016
Completion Date
10-Feb-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
01-junij-2016

5DYQDQMH]RNROMHP2FHQMHYDQMHåLYOMHQMVNHJDFLNOD.ULWLþQLSUHJOHGSURFHVRYLQ

NRPSHWHQFHUHFHQ]HQWD'RGDWQH]DKWHYHLQVPHUQLFH]D,62 ,6276

Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Critical review processes and
reviewer competencies: Additional requirements and guidelines to ISO 14044:2006
(ISO/TS 14071:2014)
Umweltmanagement - Ökobilanz - Prozesse der Kritischen Prüfung und Kompetenzen
der Prüfer: Zusätzliche Anforderungen und Anleitungen zu ISO 14044:2006 (ISO/TS
14071:2014)

Management environnemental - Analyse du cycle de vie - Processus de revue critique et

compétences des vérificateurs: Exigences et lignes directrices supplémentaires à l'ISO

14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14071:2014)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
ICS:
13.020.10 Ravnanje z okoljem Environmental management
13.020.60 Življenjski ciklusi izdelkov Product life-cycles
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
CEN ISO/TS 14071
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
February 2016
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 13.020.60
English Version
Environmental management - Life cycle assessment -
Critical review processes and reviewer competencies:
Additional requirements and guidelines to ISO
14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14071:2014)

Management environnemental - Analyse du cycle de Umweltmanagement - Ökobilanz - Prozesse der

vie - Processus de revue critique et compétences des Kritischen Prüfung und Kompetenzen der Prüfer:

vérificateurs: Exigences et lignes directrices Zusätzliche Anforderungen und Anleitungen zu ISO

supplémentaires à l'ISO 14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14044:2006 (ISO/TS 14071:2014)
14071:2014)

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 25 January 2016 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO/TS 14071:2014 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 “Environmental

management” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as

CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO/TS 14071:2014 has been approved by CEN as CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016 without any

modification.
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
TECHNICAL ISO/TS
SPECIFICATION 14071
First edition
2014-06-01
Environmental management — Life
cycle assessment — Critical review
processes and reviewer competencies:
Additional requirements and
guidelines to ISO 14044:2006
Management environnemental — Analyse du cycle de vie — Processus
de revue critique et compétences des vérificateurs: Exigences et lignes
directrices supplémentaires à l’ISO 14044:2006
Reference number
ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
ISO 2014
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Critical review process and tasks ........................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.1 Defining the scope of the critical review .......................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Selecting, contracting and replacing external reviewer(s) ............................................................................... 3

4.3 Critical review process ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Validity of critical review statement and report ........................................................................................................ 5

4.5 Critical review report and critical review statement preparation ............................................................. 5

4.6 Revision of an existing critical review ................................................................................................................................ 7

4.7 Critical review tasks ........................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5 Reviewer(s) competencies ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

Annex A (informative) Template for critical review report .......................................................................................................... 9

Annex B (informative) Example of self-declaration of reviewer independence and competencies 10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental

management, Subcommittee SC 5, Life cycle assessment.
iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
Introduction

For life cycle assessment, critical review is the conformity assessment approach according to ISO 14040

and ISO 14044. These standards contain the overarching requirements for critical review in concise

form.

Based on these requirements, a common critical review practice emerged that satisfied stakeholders.

For the mandatory case of life cycle assessment (LCA) studies intended to be used in comparative

assertions intended to be disclosed to the public, the performance of a critical review is established

as key feature for the acceptance of the study by stakeholders. However, even in the broad range of

applications of LCA, for which a critical review is not mandatory, the commissioners of the LCA study

often decide today to perform a voluntary critical review to improve the robustness of their studies and

to increase credibility.

It is one of the key features of critical review that it does not relate to an accreditation scheme, but

ensures quality by making the individual reviewer personally responsible for the work and by giving

priority to the content rather than the form.

Because of the increasing use of LCA itself, as well as the broader application in tools like carbon

footprinting or upcoming labelling initiatives, it is the intention of this Technical Specification to

document the established critical review practice in a more comprehensive way by providing additional

requirements and guidelines for conducting a critical review and the competencies required.

This Technical Specification might be applicable to other standards that require independent review of

LCA-based procedures and information (e.g. ISO 14045, ISO 14025, ISO/TS 14067), but might need to

be adapted to the specific fields of application. Other reference standards can be included in the critical

review process.

This Technical Specification does not apply to critical reviews performed prior to its publication.

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved v
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SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14071:2016
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
Environmental management — Life cycle assessment —
Critical review processes and reviewer competencies:
Additional requirements and guidelines to ISO 14044:2006
1 Scope

This Technical Specification provides additional specifications to ISO 14040:2006 and ISO 14044:2006.

It provides requirements and guidelines for conducting a critical review of any type of LCA study and

the competencies required for the review.
This Technical Specification provides:

— details of a critical review process, including clarification with regard to ISO 14044:2006;

— guidelines to deliver the required critical review process, linked to the goal of the life cycle

assessment (LCA) and its intended use;
— content and deliverables of the critical review process;

— guidelines to improve the consistency, transparency, efficiency and credibility of the critical review

process;

— the required competencies for the reviewer(s) (internal, external and panel member);

— the required competencies to be represented by the panel as a whole.

This Technical Specification does not cover the applications of LCA (as illustrated in ISO 14040:2006,

Figure 1).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14040:2006, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Principles and framework

ISO 14044:2006, Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Requirements and guidelines

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
independent internal expert

competent person, employed in a full-time or part-time role the commissioner of the LCA study (3.4) or by

the practitioner of the LCA study (3.6), but not involved in defining the scope or conducting the LCA study

Note 1 to entry: An expert is considered to be involved if he/she is part of the commissioner’s or practitioner’s

project team.
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ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
3.2
independent external expert

competent person, not employed in a full-time or part-time role by the commissioner of the LCA study

(3.4) or the practitioner of the LCA study (3.6), and not involved in defining the scope or conducting the

LCA study

Note 1 to entry: An expert is considered to be involved if he/she is part of the commissioner’s or practitioner’s

project team or has vested financial, political or other interests in the outcome of the study.

3.3
panel member
reviewer (3.10) taking part in a critical review panel
3.4
commissioner of the LCA study

organization (or group of organizations) that finances the LCA study according to ISO 14040

and ISO 14044
3.5
commissioner of the critical review

organization (or group of organizations) that finances the critical review of the LCA study according

to ISO 14040 and ISO 14044

Note 1 to entry: Financing the review is not restricted to contracting the reviewers (3.10). The contract may be

carried out by a third party, e.g. the practitioner of the LCA study (3.6) or the commissioner of the LCA study (3.4).

3.6
practitioner of the LCA study

organization (or group of organizations) that performs the LCA study according to ISO 14040

and ISO 14044

Note 1 to entry: An organization can act as the commissioner of the LCA study (3.4), the commissioner of the critical

review (3.5) and/or the practitioner of the LCA study at the same time.
3.7
critical review report

documentation of the critical review process and findings, including detailed comments from the

reviewer(s) (3.10) or the critical review panel, as well as corresponding responses from the practitioner

of the LCA study (3.6)
3.8
critical review statement

conclusive document aggregating the conclusions from the reviewer(s) (3.10) regarding the LCA study,

and stating unambiguously whether the LCA study is in conformance with ISO 14040 and ISO 14044

3.9
interested party

individual or group concerned with or affected by the environmental performance of a product system,

or by the results of the life cycle assessment
[SOURCE: ISO 14040:2006, definition 3.46]
3.10
reviewer

independent internal expert (3.1) or independent external expert (3.2) performing a critical review, or

interested party (3.9) taking part in a critical review panel
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ISO/TS 14071:2014(E)
4 Critical review process and tasks
4.1 Defining the scope of the critical review
As stated in ISO 14044:2006, 6.1, the critical review process shall ensure that:

— the methods used to carry out the LCA are consistent with this International Standard;

— the methods used to carry out the LCA are scientifically and technically valid;

— the data used are appropriate and reasonable in relation to the goal of the study;

— the interpretations reflect the limitations identified and the goal of the study; and

— the study report is transparent and consistent.

NOTE “LCA report” and “study report” are used as synonyms and can contain confidential information which

can be excluded from the third-party report, according to ISO 14044:2006, 5.2.

There are several options as to how to perform a critical review for a given study, including the following:

a) the review is performed based on expert review (see ISO 14044:2006, 6.2) or panel review (see

ISO 14044:2006, 6.3);
b) the review is performed concurrently or at the end of the study;

c) the review includes or excludes an assessment of the life cycle inventory (LCI) model;

d) the review includes or excludes an assessment of individual data sets.

The critical review process shall clearly define and document which options have been covered.

The critical review should cover all aspects of an LCA, including data appropriateness and reasonability,

calculation procedures, life cycle inventory, impact assessment methodologies, characterization factors,

calculated LCI and life c
...

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