Railway applications - Driver's cab - Part 4: Layout and access

This European standard gives design rules and guidance in order to ensure proper access, lighting; seating and exit of the driver’s cab. The different dimensions are based on the anthropometric data defined in EN 16186-1. The corresponding assessment methods are also included in this standard. It covers the following aspects:
-   dimension and interior layout;
-   door access, steps, floor characteristics;
-   seats dimension and clearance;
-   interior cab lighting;
-   emergency exit;
-   marking and labelling.
This part of EN 16186 series applies to driver’s cabs of Electrical Multiple Unit (EMU), Diesel Multiple unit (DMU), Railcars, Locomotives and Driving trailers (Driving Coaches).
NOTE 1   This European Standard applies to rolling stock in the scope of the Directive 2008/57/EC [6].
For OTMs, see EN 14033-1 [12] and EN 15746-1 [18].
This part of EN 16186 applies to driver's desks installed on the left, on the right, or in a central position in the driver’s cab. Due to cab space and resulting desk integration constraints, desk layout can vary.
NOTE 2   Due to railway systems constraints, the level of comfort and accessibility provided to the persons outside the anthropometric range defined in EN 16186-1 may vary. Usually the operators manage the potential restrictions, if the driver uses extreme seat positions combined with extreme body heights.
This standard is not intended to be applicable for tramways, metro and light rail vehicles.

Bahnanwendungen - Führerraum - Teil 4: Gestaltung und Zugang

Diese Europäische Norm bietet Gestaltungsregeln und eine Anleitung, um einen korrekten Zugang, Beleuchtung, Sitzmöglichkeiten und Ausstieg aus dem Führerraum sicherzustellen. Die unterschiedlichen Maße basieren auf den in der EN 16186-1 festgelegten anthropometrischen Daten. Diese Norm enthält zudem die entsprechenden Bewertungsverfahren. Sie deckt die folgenden Aspekte ab:
-   Abmessung und Innengestaltung;
-   Türzugang, Tritte, Fußbodeneigenschaften;
-   Sitzabmessungen und -abstände;
-   Beleuchtung im Innenraum des Führerraums;
-   Notausstieg;
-   Kennzeichnung und Etikettierung.
Dieser Teil der EN 16186 gilt für Führerräume von elektrischen Triebzügen (EMU), Dieseltriebzügen (DMU), Triebwagen, Lokomotiven und Steuerwagen.
ANMERKUNG 1   Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Schienenfahrzeuge im Anwendungsbereich der Richtlinie 2008/57/EG [6]
Für OTMs, siehe auch EN 14033-1 [12] und EN 15746-1 [18].
Dieser Teil der EN 16186 gilt für Führertische, die links, rechts oder mittig im Führerraum eingebaut sind. Aufgrund von Einschränkungen bei der Führerraumgröße und der dadurch bedingten Einschränkungen bei der Integration des Führertischs kann die Gestaltung des Führertischs variieren.
ANMERKUNG 2   Aufgrund von Einschränkungen bei den Eisenbahnsystemen kann der Komfort und Zugang, der den Personen außerhalb des in EN 16186-1 definierten anthropometrischen Bereichs geboten wird, variieren. Für gewöhnlich passen die Betreiber die potenziellen Einschränkungen an, wenn der Fahrzeugführer extreme Sitzpositionen in Kombination mit einem extremen Körpergewicht verwendet.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Straßenbahnen und Stadtbahnen.

Applications ferroviaires - Cabine de conduite - Partie 4 : Aménagement et accès

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les règles de conception et donne des recommandations pour optimiser la cabine de conduite en termes d'accès, d'éclairage, d'assise et de sortie. Les différentes dimensions s'appuient sur les données anthropométriques définies dans l'EN 16186-1. Les méthodes d'évaluation correspondantes sont également fournies dans cette norme. La présente norme couvre les aspects suivants :
-   dimensions et agencement intérieur ;
-   caractéristiques de l'accès aux portes, des marchepieds et du plancher ;
-   dimensions et espaces libres concernant les sièges ;
-   éclairage intérieur de la cabine ;
-   issue de secours ;
-   marquage et étiquetage.
La présente partie de l'EN 16186 s'applique aux cabines de conduite de Rames Automotrices Electriques (EMU), de Rames Automotrices Diesel (DMU), d'autorails, de locomotives, ainsi qu'aux voitures-pilotes.
NOTE 1   La présente Norme européenne s'applique au matériel roulant relevant du domaine d'application de la directive 2008/57/CE [6].
Pour les Engins De Travaux sur rails (OTM), se reporter à l'EN 14033-1 [12] et à l'EN 15746-1 [18].
La présente partie de l'EN 16186 s'applique aux pupitres de conduite, qu'ils soient installés à gauche, à droite ou au centre dans la cabine de conduite. L'agencement du pupitre de conduite peut varier selon l'espace disponible dans la cabine et les contraintes d'intégration qui en résultent.
NOTE 2   En raison des contraintes des systèmes ferroviaires, le niveau de confort et d'accessibilité fourni aux personnes situées en dehors de la plage de données anthropométriques définie dans l'EN 16186-1 peut varier. Habituellement, les opérateurs parviennent à gérer les restrictions éventuelles si le conducteur de taille extrême utilise les positions extrêmes du siège.
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux tramways, métros et autres véhicules ferroviaires légers.

Železniške naprave - Voznikova kabina - 4. del: Postavitev in dostop

Ta evropski standard določa pravila oblikovanja in smernice za zagotovitev ustreznega dostopa do voznikove kabine, razsvetljave v njej, sedeža in izstopa iz nje. Različne dimenzije temeljijo na antropometričnih podatkih, opredeljenih v standardu EN 16186-1. V ta standard so vključene tudi ustrezne metode ocenjevanja. Zajema naslednje vidike:
– dimenzije in notranjo postavitev;
– dostop do vrat, stopnice, značilnosti tal;
– dimenzije in prostornina sedežev;
– notranja osvetlitev kabine;
– izhod v sili;
– označevanje in etiketiranje.
Ta del skupine standardov EN 16186 se uporablja za voznikove kabine električnih vlečnih vozil (EMU), dizelskih vlečnih vozil (DMU), vagonov, lokomotiv in vlečnih prikolic (vlečnih vagonov).
OPOMBA 1:   Ta evropski standard se uporablja za tirna vozila, ki spadajo na področje Direktive 2008/57/ES [6].
Za tirna vozila glejte standarda EN 14033-1 [12] in EN 15746-1 [18].
Ta del standarda EN 16186 se uporablja za voznikove mize, ki so nameščene na levi ali desni strani ali sredi voznikove kabine. Zaradi prostora v kabini in posledičnih omejitev pri vgradnji miz se lahko postavitve miz razlikujejo.
OPOMBA 2:   Zaradi omejitev železniških sistemov se raven udobja in dostopnosti za osebe zunaj opredeljenega antropometričnega razpona, določenega v standardu EN 16186-1, lahko razlikuje. Običajno upravljavci obvladujejo morebitne omejitve, če izjemno visok voznik uporablja skrajne položaje sedeža.
Ta standard se ne uporablja za tramvaje, metroje in lahka železniška vozila.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Sep-2017
Publication Date
04-Jun-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
31-May-2019
Due Date
05-Aug-2019
Completion Date
05-Jun-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16186-4:2019
01-julij-2019
Železniške naprave - Voznikova kabina - 4. del: Postavitev in dostop
Railway applications - Driver's cab - Part 4: Layout and access
Bahnanwendungen - Führerraum - Teil 4: Gestaltung und Zugang
Applications ferroviaires - Cabine de conduite - Partie 4 : Aménagement et accès
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16186-4:2019
ICS:
45.060.10 Vlečna vozila Tractive stock
SIST EN 16186-4:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 45.060.10
English Version
Railway applications - Driver's cab - Part 4: Layout and
access

Applications ferroviaires - Cabine de conduite - Partie Bahnanwendungen - Führerraum - Teil 4: Gestaltung

4 : Aménagement et accès und Zugang
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 April 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16186-4:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Symbols and abbreviations ......................................................................................................................... 8

5 Driver's cab access and egress ................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 Access, egress and doors .............................................................................................................................. 8

5.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1.2 External doors .................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.1.3 Internal doors giving access to the driver's cab ................................................................................ 10

5.2 Floor and flooring ........................................................................................................................................ 10

5.2.1 Floor surface criteria .................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.2 Inclination, steps and slopes .................................................................................................................... 11

5.3 Windows .......................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.1 Mechanical characteristics of glass ....................................................................................................... 12

5.3.2 Operation of opening windows ............................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Emergency ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

5.4.1 Driver's cab emergency exits ................................................................................................................... 12

5.4.2 Emergency egress from seat .................................................................................................................... 13

5.4.3 Devices for emergency egress ................................................................................................................. 14

6 Driver's cab dimensions ............................................................................................................................ 14

6.1 Interior ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.1.2 Tasks consideration .................................................................................................................................... 14

6.1.3 Freedom of movement of staff ................................................................................................................. 14

6.1.4 Prevention of occupational injuries ...................................................................................................... 14

6.1.5 Surface finish ................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.2 Arrangement of interior space ................................................................................................................ 15

6.2.1 Interior clearance ........................................................................................................................................ 15

6.2.2 Headroom for standing .............................................................................................................................. 15

6.2.3 Foot niche clearance ................................................................................................................................... 15

6.2.4 Water tightness ............................................................................................................................................. 15

6.2.5 Foot operated devices on the cab floor ................................................................................................ 16

6.3 Driver's desk .................................................................................................................................................. 16

6.3.1 Desk arrangement ....................................................................................................................................... 16

6.3.2 Thermal conductivity ................................................................................................................................. 16

6.4 Storage space ................................................................................................................................................. 16

6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

6.4.2 Hooks and space for personal belongings ........................................................................................... 16

6.4.3 Emergency equipment ............................................................................................................................... 16

7 Seats .................................................................................................................................................................. 17

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

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EN 16186-4:2019 (E)

7.2 Driver's seat ergonomics ........................................................................................................................... 17

7.3 Rotating seats ................................................................................................................................................. 18

7.3.1 Clearance zone ............................................................................................................................................... 18

7.3.2 Rotating angle ................................................................................................................................................ 18

7.4 Armrest ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

7.5 Damping system ............................................................................................................................................ 19

7.6 Non-permanently fixed seats ................................................................................................................... 19

7.7 Fastenings........................................................................................................................................................ 19

7.8 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 19

8 Marking and labelling in driver's cab.................................................................................................... 19

Annex A (normative) Driver's seat dimensions and driver's seat integration ...................................... 21

Annex B (normative) Minimum cab interior and door clearances ............................................................ 27

Annex C (informative) Examples of desk and seat arrangement ............................................................... 30

Annex D (normative) Mandatory labels .............................................................................................................. 31

Annex E (informative) Optional labels ................................................................................................................. 34

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC aimed to be covered .............................................. 36

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 38

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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16186-4:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2019, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2008/57/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.
EN 16186, Railway applications — Driver’s cab, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Anthropometric data and visibility;
— Part 2: Integration of displays, controls and indicators;
— Part 3: Design of displays;
— Part 4: Layout and access;
— Part 5: External visibility for tram vehicles ;
— Part 6: Working environment in tram vehicles ;
— Part 8: Tram vehicle layout and access .

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Under development.
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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
Introduction

This part of the EN 16186 series addresses design rules and requirements for the layout and design of

the driver's cab considering operational requirements for train driving, shunting and related

preparatory work as far as driver’s cab interfaces are concerned. It provides current cab design

principles and considers latest available research findings provided by the European Research project

EUDD+ [36].

If a requirement contains an option, the choice of this option is purely up to the applicant.

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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document gives design rules and requirements in order to ensure proper access, lighting, seating

and exit of the driver’s cab. The different dimensions are based on the anthropometric data defined in

EN 16186-1. The corresponding assessment methods are also included in this standard. It covers the

following aspects:
— dimension and interior layout;
— door access, steps, floor characteristics;
— seats dimension and clearance;
— interior cab lighting;
— emergency exit;
— marking and labelling.

This part of the EN 16186 series applies to driver’s cabs of Electrical Multiple Unit (EMU), Diesel

Multiple Unit (DMU), Railcars, Locomotives and Driving trailers (Driving Coaches).

NOTE 1 This European Standard applies to rolling stock in the scope of Directive 2008/57/EC [6].

This part of the EN 16186 series applies to driver's desks installed on the left, on the right, or in a

central position in the driver’s cab. Due to cab space and resulting desk integration constraints, desk

layout can vary.

NOTE 2 Due to railway systems constraints, the level of comfort and accessibility provided to the persons

outside the anthropometric range defined in EN 16186-1 may vary. Usually the operators manage the potential

restrictions, if the driver uses the full range of seat positions (as defined in this standard) combined with extreme

body dimensions (as defined in EN 16186-1).

This document is not intended to be applicable for OTMs, tramways, metro and light rail vehicles.

NOTE 3 For OTMs, see EN 14033-1 [11] and EN 15746-1 [17].
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 894-3, Safety of machinery — Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control

actuators — Part 3: Control actuators

EN 1005-3, Safety of machinery — Human physical performance — Part 3: Recommended force limits for

machinery operation

EN 12663-1, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies — Part 1:

Locomotives and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons)

EN 14752:2015, Railway applications — Body side entrance systems for rolling stock

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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
EN 15152, Railway applications — Front windscreens for train cabs

EN 15227, Railway applications — Crashworthiness requirements for railway vehicle bodies

EN 15273 (all parts), Railway applications — Gauges

EN 16116-1, Railway applications — Design requirements for steps, handrails and associated access for

staff — Part 1: Passenger vehicles, luggage vans and locomotives

CEN/TS 16165, Determination of slip resistance of pedestrian surfaces — Methods of evaluation

EN 16186-1:2014+A1:2018, Railway applications — Driver’s cab — Part 1: Anthropometric data and

visibility
EN 16186 (all parts), Railway applications — Driver’s cab

EN 45545-2, Railway applications — Fire protection on railway vehicles — Part 2: Requirements for fire

behaviour of materials and components

EN 45545-4:2013, Railway applications — Fire protection on railway vehicles — Part 4: Fire safety

requirements for rolling stock design

EN ISO 2813:2014, Paints and varnishes — Determination of gloss value at 20°, 60° and 85°

(ISO 2813:2014)

EN ISO 3385, Flexible cellular polymeric materials — Determination of fatigue by constant-load pounding

(ISO 3385)

EN ISO 7010:2012, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Registered safety signs

(ISO 7010:2011)

ISO 2631-1, Mechanical vibration and shock — Evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration —

Part 1: General requirements

ISO 3864-1:2011, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 1: Design principles for

safety signs and safety markings
ISO 7001:2007, Graphical symbols — Public information symbols
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in the EN 16186 series and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
3.1
driver's working area
driver's cab area where unauthorized people are not allowed to enter

Note 1 to entry: The rear limit of the driver's working area is defined in Figure B.1.

3.2
passage width
minimum clear usable width
Note 1 to entry: See EN 14752:2015, Figure 1.
3.3
gloss

optical property of a surface, characterized by its ability to reflect light specularly

[SOURCE: EN ISO 2813:2014, 3.1, modified — Note 1 to entry has been deleted.]
4 Symbols and abbreviations
For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviations are used.
CR Conventional Rail
CCS Control Command and Signalling
DMU Diesel Multiple Unit
EMU Electric Multiple Unit
ETCS European Train Control System
g Standard acceleration due to gravity (9,81 m/s )
HP Heel Point
GU Gloss Unit
OTM On-Track Machine

RAL Colour codification from Deutsches Institut für Gütesicherung und Kennzeichnung, former

Reichs-Ausschuss für Lieferbedingungen
SRP Seat Reference Point
5 Driver's cab access and egress
5.1 Access, egress and doors
5.1.1 General
5.1.1.1 Access and security

Access to the driver’s cab shall be from the exterior via a direct external door, or through an adjacent

compartment or area behind the cab.

These doors shall be designed to have an operational envelope that does not conflict with the envelope

of another cab access door.
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EN 16186-4:2019 (E)

The driver’s cab and its access shall be designed so that the train crew is able to prevent the cab being

accessed by non-authorized persons, whether the cab is occupied or not. This requirement is deemed to

be fulfilled by a locking system.

A cab door locking system shall permit to open any cab door from inside the cab without using any tool

or key.

Egress and access to the driver’s cab shall be possible without any energy supply.

5.1.1.2 Door handles

Driver’s cab internal door handles which are intended to be operated from a standing position shall be

located at a height between 820 mm and 1 200 mm (distance between the rotation point of the handle

and the cab floor). The recommended value for the height of the door handles is 850 mm.

5.1.1.3 Threshold
The height of door threshold shall not be more than:
— 20 mm from the walkable floor for interior doors excluding locomotives;
— 70 mm from the walkable floor for interior doors of locomotives;
— 60 mm from the walkable floor for exterior doors.
5.1.1.4 Ergonomics

For interior handles in regular use at least 40 mm clearance to surrounding surfaces shall be provided.

For exterior handles see EN 16116-1.
5.1.2 External doors
External doors and hand holds shall be designed in accordance with EN 16116-1.

External cab doors when opened shall not infringe the intended maximal construction gauge defined

from gauge rules of the vehicle (see the EN 15273 series).

If cab side door is of a hinged type, it shall be designed to open towards the interior of the cab. This

recommendation does not apply to shunting locomotives or locomotives with central cab and

EMU/DMU where sliding or plug doors are used.

Driver’s cab external doors shall have a rectangular-like shape with a minimum unobstructed passage

height and minimum passage width of:
— 1 675 mm × 500 mm when accessible from outside by foot-steps, or;

— 1 750 mm × 500 mm when accessible from outside on floor level (without foot-steps, e.g. central

cab external door with inside floor and outside gangway on the same level);

— 1 675 × 430 mm for central cab locomotives when accessible from outside by foot-steps, in

accordance with Figure B.2;

— 1 750 mm × 430 mm for central cab locomotives (without foot-steps), in accordance with

Figure B.2.

Driver’s cab external doors should have a rectangular-like shape with a minimum unobstructed passage

of 1 950 mm (height) × 600 mm (width) in accordance with Figure 1.
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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
Key
w width
h height
r radius
Figure 1 — Minimum unobstructed passage dimensions
Dimension r shall have a maximum value of 20 % of the width.

Driver’s cab front facing external doors which are positioned left or right of the vehicle’s longitudinal

axis and open in longitudinal direction may have a trapezium shaped upper area with an angle of the

top outer side. In order to achieve a maximum passage width in the angled upper area of the door, the

maximal construction gauge shall be used to its full extent. This reduction due to the gauge calculation

shall keep a minimum clearance width of 280 mm in the upper area (see Figure B.2).

Cab external doors shall not open unintentionally. External cab doors should have at least two stable

positions: fully open and closed.
5.1.3 Internal doors giving access to the driver's cab

If internal doors lead directly to the passenger area, a device to look from inside the cab shall be

provided, (e.g. by a spy hole).

If direct view from passenger area into cab is possible, the driver should be able to prevent such view,

e.g. by blinds.

Internal doors shall have a rectangular-like minimum unobstructed passage height and passage width

of 1 700 mm × 430 mm. Internal doors should have a rectangular-like minimum unobstructed passage

height and passage width of 1 950 mm (height) × 600 mm (width).

Internal doors which are positioned left or right of the vehicle's longitudinal axis and open in

longitudinal direction may have a trapezium shaped upper area with an angle of the top outer side

(see Figure B.3). In order to achieve a maximum passage width in the angled upper area of the door, the

maximal construction gauge shall be used as a common basis. This reduction due to the gauge

calculation shall keep a minimum clearance width of 280 mm in the upper area.
5.2 Floor and flooring
5.2.1 Floor surface criteria
Walkable floor surfaces shall be slip resistant.

This is deemed to be fulfilled by applying the requirements of CEN/TS 16165, α ≥ 9°.

shod

For minimizing the tripping hazard, the walkable floor of the cab, except for the area up to a maximum

of 25 mm from the walls and for the space under the desk, shall be level (see Figure 2).

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EN 16186-4:2019 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 Level
A Under desk area
B Walkable floor
Figure 2 — Walkable floor: admissible irregularities
This is deemed to be fulfilled by the following criteria:

— on a level track, the walkable floor shall be horizontal with a tolerance of ± 2° except for the

walkable floor areas determined to changes of height, and;
— no irregularity on the walkable floor shall protrude by more than 5 mm.

Door thresholds and foot operated operational elements are not considered as being a floor irregularity.

No deflection of more than 10 mm shall be permitted in the walkable floor, over an area of 5 000 cm ,

due to an applied load of 1 300 N on a surface of maximum 600 cm . This can be demonstrated by

calculation or by test.

NOTE No reference to EN 15663 is given, because the load is associated to the stiffness of the floor and not to

the load calculation for the vehicle.
5.2.2 Inclination, steps and slopes

The walkable floor of the driver's working area (access to the cab and foot rest excluded) shall be

without any steps. Height changes > 4 mm per 100 mm length are not permitted on the walkable cab

floor of the driver's working area. They are permitted between the cab and adjacent compartments.

Height changes of interior walkable floors between the cab and adjacent compartments ≤ 60 mm shall

be achieved by a sloping walkable floor. Height changes > 60 mm and < 120 mm should be avoided.

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SIST EN 16186-4:2019
EN 16186-4:2019 (E)

Height changes ≥ 120 mm shall be achieved by steps which shall have a height h with

120mm ≤ h ≤ 250mm and a depth of ≥ 210 mm. If more than one step is used the depth of the steps

shall be ≥ 270 mm. If there are two or more steps, a handhold (e.g. a handrail or a single handle) should

be provided.

Height changes > 60 mm and < 120 mm should be avoided (if not a single step should be added).

Where the change of height is achieved by a sloping walkable floor, the minimum length of the walkable

slope shall be 300 mm.
Steps immediately adjacent to slopes shall be prohibited.

Sealing plates of door frames and maintenance openings are not considered as being a floor irregularity.

5.3 Windows
5.3.1 Mechanical characteristics of glass

Where glass is used in glazing (including mirrors), it shall be either laminated or toughened glass which

is in accordance with a relevant national or international standard with regard to the quality and area of

use, thereby minimizing the risk to passenger and staff being injured by breaking glass.

5.3.2 Operation of opening windows
Three types of windows are considered in this standard:
— sliding horizontal;
— sliding vertical;
— hinged;

For easy moving upwards and downwards of vertical windows (e.g. to open, or to close) the operating

force should be less than 50 N and shall not be higher than 80 N.

For hinged windows, the operating force should not be higher than 62 N and for pulling not higher than

55 N.
For horizontally sliding windows, the operating force should not exceed 80 N.
5.4 Emergency
5.4.1 Driver's cab emergency exits
5.4.1.1 General

Driver's cab emergency exit and emergency exit clearance shall comply with the requirements of

EN 45545-4:2013, 4.3.1.2.

The lowest point of the emergency exit should be located at no more than 1 350 mm above cab floor

level.
5.4.1.2 Minimum escape route

An exit shall give access to an escape route of a minimum length of 2 m, of a minimum clearance of

height 1 700 mm x width 430 mm (if possible, width should be 600 mm). This escape route and its floor

shall be free of any obstruction; it shall be located on-board the unit, and can be an interior area or an

area opened to the outside. A single step is not c
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