Railway applications - Axleboxes - Lubricating greases

This European Standard specifies the quality requirements of greases intended for the lubrication of axlebox rolling bearings according to prEN 12080, required for reliable operation of trains on European networks. It covers the approval procedure for a not yet approved grease, the management of modification for an approved grease and the method of quality batch control of the grease. The grease requirements are given for two speed classes.

Bahnanvendungen - Radsatzlager - Schmierfette

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Qualitätsanforderungen an Schmierfette für Wälzlager in Radsatzlagern nach prEN 12080 fest, die für einen zuverlässigen Zugbetrieb auf den europäischen Schienennetzen erforderlich sind. Sie beschreibt das Freigabeverfahren für ein noch nicht zugelassenes Schmierfett, das Änderungsmanagement für ein zugelassenes Schmierfett und das Verfahren der Qualitätsprüfung des Schmierfett-Loses. Die Anforderungen an die Schmierfette sind für zwei Lagergeschwindigkeitsklassen angegeben.

Applications ferroviaires - Boîtes d'essieux - Graisses pour lubrification

La présente Norme européenne définit, pour les graisses destinées aux roulements de boîtes d'essieux selon l'EN 12080, les exigences de qualité requises pour assurer la fiabilité de la circulation des trains sur les réseaux européens. Elle traite de la procédure d'homologation d’une graisse non encore homologuée, la gestion de la modification d'une graisse homologuée et la méthode de contrôle de la qualité par lots de graisse. Les exigences relatives aux graisses sont définies pour deux classes de vitesse.

Železniške naprave - Ohišja ležajev kolesnih dvojic - Maziva

Ta evropski standard določa kakovostne zahteve za maziva za mazanje kotalnih ležajev v ohišju ležajev kolesnih dvojic v skladu s standardom prEN 12080, ki so potrebne za zanesljivo delovanje vlakov v evropskih omrežjih. Zajema postopek odobritve še neodobrenega maziva, upravljanje sprememb odobrenega maziva in metodo nadzora serije maziva. Zahteve za maziva so podane za dva hitrostna razreda.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Aug-2015
Publication Date
19-Sep-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Sep-2017
Due Date
19-Nov-2017
Completion Date
20-Sep-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Železniške naprave - Ohišja ležajev kolesnih dvojic - MazivaBahnanvendungen - Radsatzlager - SchmierfetteApplications ferroviaires - Boîtes d'essieux - Graisses pour lubrificationRailway applications - Axleboxes - Lubricating greases75.100MazivaLubricants, industrial oils and related products45.040Materiali in deli za železniško tehnikoMaterials and components for railway engineeringICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12081:2017SIST EN 12081:2017en,fr,de01-november-2017SIST EN 12081:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12081:2008+A1:20101DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12081:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12081
September
t r s y ICS
y wä s r r Supersedes EN
s t r z sã t r r y ªA sã t r s rEnglish Version

Railway applications æ Axleboxes æ Lubricating greases Applications ferroviaires æ Boîtes d 5essieux æ Graisses pour lubrification

Bahnanwendungen æ Radsatzlager æ Schmierfette This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s { June
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s t r z sã t r s y ESIST EN 12081:2017
EN 12081:2017 (E) 2

Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6 4 Restriction of greases .................................................................................................................................... 7 5 Technical specification .................................................................................................................................. 7 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7 5.2 Technical specification content ................................................................................................................. 7 6 Quality systems ................................................................................................................................................ 8 7 Approval ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 8 Bearing speed classes .................................................................................................................................... 8 9 Production ......................................................................................................................................................... 8 9.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 9.2 Manufacturing procedure ............................................................................................................................ 8 9.3 Quality batch control ..................................................................................................................................... 9 9.4 Traceability ....................................................................................................................................................... 9 10 Delivery............................................................................................................................................................... 9 10.1 Packaging ........................................................................................................................................................... 9 10.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................... 9 11 Storage ............................................................................................................................................................. 10 Annex A (normative)

Approval procedures .................................................................................................... 11 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11 A.2 Complete procedure, Type C .................................................................................................................... 11 A.3 Reduced procedure, Type R ..................................................................................................................... 12 Annex B (normative)

Approval tests .................................................................................................................. 13 Annex C (informative)

Mechanical stability of rolling bearing greases under vibration stress ................................................................................................................................................................. 15 C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 C.2 Description ..................................................................................................................................................... 15 C.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 15 C.4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 15 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of

EU Directive 2008/57/EC aimed to be covered ............................................. 17 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 19 SIST EN 12081:2017

EN 12081:2017 (E) 3

European foreword This document (EN 12081:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway Applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12081:2007+A1 2010. The main changes compared to the previous edition are the following: — Clause 1: revised scope of the standard; — Clause 2: revised and updated normative references; — Clause 4: added REACH legislation; — Clause 8: new definition of speed classes; — Clause 9: revised for quality batch control and traceability; — Clause 10: revised pack marking; — Clause 11: revised storage prescriptions; — Annex A: revised topic, now Approval Procedure; — Annex B: Revised topic, now contains requirements for initial grease approval and quality batch control in Table B.1; — Annex C (informative): added. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN/CENELEC/ETSI by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC. For relationship with EU Directive 2008/57/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12081:2017

EN 12081:2017 (E) 4

Introduction This European Standard has been drawn up with the purpose to define the minimum requirements of greases used for the lubrication of rolling bearings in railway axleboxes. The purpose is to ensure a certain performance level in the interest of operating safety in international traffic. Performance implies a certain quality level of the vehicle running gear, which every railway undertaking may require, notably by imposing procedures in approval and quality assurance for the supply of axleboxes. Lubricating greases intended for use in axlebox bearing application need to fulfil the requirements of this European Standard, complying with Table B.1. This European Standard has been written so that it reflects the typical performance of, e.g. an NLGI grade 2 simple lithium soap grease, based on a mineral oil with a base oil viscosity of 100 mm2/s at 40 °C such as would be found in current use. However, this European Standard does not restrict or limit grease evolution for more demanding applications of today and in the future, hence several parameters are left open for agreement. SIST EN 12081:2017

EN 12081:2017 (E) 5

1 Scope This European Standard specifies the quality requirements of greases intended for the lubrication of axlebox rolling bearings according to EN 12080, required for reliable operation of trains on European networks. It covers the approval procedure for a not-yet-approved grease, the management of modification for an approved grease and the method of quality batch control of the grease. The grease requirements are given for two speed classes. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 12080:2017, Railway applications — Axleboxes — Rolling bearings EN 12082:2017, Railway applications — Axleboxes — Performance testing EN 14865-1:2009+A1:2010, Railway applications — Axlebox lubricating greases — Part 1: Method to test the ability to lubricate EN 14865-2:2017+A2:2010, Railway applications — Axlebox lubricating greases — Part 2: Method to test the mechanical stability to cover vehicle speeds up to 200 km/h EN ISO 3104:1996, Petroleum products - Transparent and opaque liquids - Determination of kinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity (ISO 3104:1994) ISO 1817:2015, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of the effect of liquids ISO 2137:2007, Petroleum products and lubricants — Determination of cone penetration of lubricating greases and petrolatum ISO 2176:1995, Petroleum products — Lubricating grease — Determination of dropping point ISO 11007:1997, Petroleum products and lubricants — Determination of rust-prevention characteristics of lubricating greases ISO 13737:2004, Petroleum products and lubricants — Determination of low-temperature cone penetration of lubricating greases ASTM D1831:2011, Standard Test Method for Roll Stability of Lubricating Grease DIN 51777-2:1974, Testing of mineral oil hydrocarbons and solvents; determination of water content according to Karl Fischer; indirect method DIN 51811:2017, Testing of lubricants — Testing of corrosiveness to copper of greases — Copper strip tarnish test DIN 51817:1998, Testing of lubricants — Determination of oil separation from greases under static conditions DIN 51820:1989, Testing of lubricants; analysis of greases by infrared spectrometry; taking and evaluating an infrared spectrum SIST EN 12081:2017

EN 12081:2017 (E) 6

NF F 19-502:1989, Railway rolling stock — Test method of greases for axle-boxes to rolling bearings — Vibrations and shocks enduring test on machine « ROPECS » NF F 19-503:1989, Railway rolling stock — Test method of greases for axle-boxes to rolling bearings — Dynamic test for stability to oxydation of grease NF F 19-504:21993, Railway rolling stock — Test method of greases for axle-boxes to rolling bearings — Grease suitability test on the « R2F » machine NF T 60-190:2011, Petroleum products — rolling stability of lubricating greases NF T60-191:2011, Petroleum products and lubricating greases — Oil separation on storage of lubricating greases — Method under pressure — Static conditions NF T60-627:2006, Petroleum products and lubricants — Dropping point of lubricating greases — Automatic apparatus method NF T 60-637:20171, Water content in grease by Karl Fischer after purging after final survey ) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 Certificate of Analysis (CoA) document issued by the supplier that certifies the quality of the grease batch 3.2 customer railway undertaking, entity in charge of the maintenance, manufacturer or buyer of railway rolling stock or subassemblies, bearing manufacturer or their representative 3.3 railway undertaking organization or its representative, whatever status it has, which is responsible for registration of rolling stock 3.4 supplier supplier of lubricating greases manufactured under his responsibility 3.5 network infrastructure, on which any railway undertaking can operate rolling stock 3.6 grease semi-solid lubricant, which consists of a thickener and additives dispersed in a lubricating oil 3.7 grease batch entire content of a production of grease from the filling vessel

1) This document is in draft stage at the time of publication of this standard. SIST EN 12081:2017

EN 12081:2017 (E) 7

3.8 rolling bearing bearing, operating with rolling motion between the parts supporting load and moving in relation to each other 3.9 filling vessel container filled with grease from which the representative sample for testing is taken and from which commercial packs of grease are being filled 4 Restriction of greases The bearing grease shall be free from toxic or harmful substances according to the current regulations. NOTE In particular, but not limited to REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals). 5 Technical specification 5.1 General The following information shall be fully documented. The requirements specified throughout this European Standard, and the following documented requirements, shall be satisfied before a claim of compliance can be made and verified. 5.2 Technical specification content The following information shall be provided and fully documented: a) relevant application data – bearings types, loads, ambient temperatures, speed Class (see Clause 8) and intended maintenance plan; b) level of approval and conditions (see Clause 7 and Annex A and Annex B); c) additional technical requirements – including security data and storage conditions (see Clause 11); d) required quality system, quality records and traceability (see 9.3 and 9.4); e) conditions for delivery, packaging and marking (see Clause 10). NOTE 1 The information me

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