Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials - Part 1: Criteria for the selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements (ISO 3834-1:2021)

Qualitätsanforderungen für das Schmelzschweißen von metallischen Werkstoffen - Teil 1: Kriterien für die Auswahl der geeigneten Stufe der Qualitätsanforderungen (ISO 3834-1:2021)

Dieses Dokument beschreibt die allgemeine Auslegung der Normenreihe ISO 3834 und die zu beachtenden Kriterien für die Auswahl der geeigneten Stufe der Qualitätsanforderungen für das Schmelzschweißen von metallischen Werkstoffen, aus den drei festgelegten Stufen in ISO 3834-2[1], ISO 3834-3[2] und ISO 3834-4[3]. Es gilt für die Herstellung, sowohl in Werkstätten als auch auf Baustellen.
ANMERKUNG 1 ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 und ISO 3834-4 enthalten komplette Sätze von Qualitätsanforderungen zur Prozesskontrolle für alle Schmelzschweißprozesse (für einen einzelnen Prozess oder in einer festgelegten Kombination). ISO 3834-5 legt die Dokumente fest, deren Anforderungen erfüllt werden müssen, um die Übereinstimmung mit den Qualitätsanforderungen nach ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 oder ISO 3834-4 nachzuweisen.
Dieses Dokument legt keine Anforderungen für ein Qualitätsmanagementsystem fest. Aber Abschnitt 6 enthält Elemente eines Qualitätsmanagementsystems, deren Einschluss ISO 3834 ergänzt.
ANMERKUNG 2 ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 und ISO 3834-4 dürfen für sich allein oder in Verbindung mit ISO 9001:2015 vom Hersteller angewendet werden.

Exigences de qualité en soudage par fusion des matériaux métalliques - Partie 1: Critères pour la sélection du niveau approprié d'exigences de qualité (ISO 3834-1:2021)

Zahteve za kakovost pri talilnem varjenju kovinskih materialov - 1. del: Merila za izbiro ustrezne stopnje zahtev za kakovost (ISO 3834-1:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
01-Feb-2021
Publication Date
11-Oct-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
28-Sep-2021
Due Date
03-Dec-2021
Completion Date
12-Oct-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
01-november-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2006

Zahteve za kakovost pri talilnem varjenju kovinskih materialov - 1. del: Merila za

izbiro ustrezne stopnje zahtev za kakovost (ISO 3834-1:2021)

Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials - Part 1: Criteria for the

selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements (ISO 3834-1:2021)

Qualitätsanforderungen für das Schmelzschweißen von metallischen Werkstoffen - Teil

1: Kriterien für die Auswahl der geeigneten Stufe der Qualitätsanforderungen (ISO 3834-

1:2021)
Exigences de qualité en soudage par fusion des matériaux métalliques - Partie 1:

Critères pour la sélection du niveau approprié d'exigences de qualité (ISO 3834-1:2021)

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 3834-1:2021
ICS:
03.120.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi s Other standards related to
kakovostjo quality
25.160.10 Varilni postopki in varjenje Welding processes
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
EN ISO 3834-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 25.160.10 Supersedes EN ISO 3834-1:2005
English Version
Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic
materials - Part 1: Criteria for the selection of the
appropriate level of quality requirements (ISO 3834-
1:2021)

Exigences de qualité en soudage par fusion des Qualitätsanforderungen für das Schmelzschweißen von

matériaux métalliques - Partie 1: Critères pour la metallischen Werkstoffen - Teil 1: Kriterien für die

sélection du niveau approprié d'exigences de qualité Auswahl der geeigneten Stufe der

(ISO 3834-1:2021) Qualitätsanforderungen (ISO 3834-1:2021)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 August 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 3834-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
EN ISO 3834-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
EN ISO 3834-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 3834-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 44 "Welding

and allied processes" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 121 “Welding and allied

processes” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2022, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 3834-1:2005.

Any feedback and questions on this document should be directed to the users’ national standards

body/national committee. A complete listing of these bodies can be found on the CEN websites.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 3834-1:2021 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 3834-1:2021 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3834-1
Third edition
2021-09
Quality requirements for fusion
welding of metallic materials —
Part 1:
Criteria for the selection of the
appropriate level of quality
requirements
Exigences de qualité en soudage par fusion des matériaux
métalliques —
Partie 1: Critères pour la sélection du niveau approprié d'exigences de
qualité
Reference number
ISO 3834-1:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO 3834-1:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO 3834-1:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General outline of the ISO 3834 series .......................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements .................................................................................... 2

6 Elements to be considered for a quality management system to complement the

ISO 3834 series ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex A (informative) Criteria which assist in the selection of ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 or

ISO 3834-4 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO 3834-1:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 44, Welding and allied processes,

Subcommittee SC 10, Quality management in the field of welding, in collaboration with the European

Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 121, Welding and allied processes,

in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 3834-1:2005), which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared with the previous edition are as follows:
— this document has been editorially revised;
— references to subclauses in ISO 9001 have been updated.
A list of all parts in the ISO 3834 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.

Official interpretations of ISO/TC 44 documents, where they exist, are available from this page: https://

committee .iso .org/ sites/ tc44/ home/ interpretation .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO 3834-1:2021(E)
Introduction

Processes such as fusion welding are widely used to manufacture many products. In some companies,

they are the key feature of production. Products can range from simple to complex. Examples include

pressure vessels, domestic and agricultural equipment, cranes, bridges, transport vehicles and other

items.

These processes exert a profound influence on the cost of manufacture and quality of the product.

Therefore, it is important to ensure that these processes are carried out in the most effective way and

that appropriate control is exercised over all aspects of the operation.

It is emphasized that the ISO 3834 series is not a quality management system (QMS) standard replacing

ISO 9001:2015. However, it can be a useful tool when ISO 9001:2015 is applied by manufacturers.

Specification of quality requirements for welding processes is important because the quality of these

processes cannot be readily or economically validated. Therefore, they are consi
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
01-januar-2021

Zahteve za kakovost pri talilnem varjenju kovinskih materialov - 1. del: Merila za

izbiro stopenj sprejemljivosti (ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020)

Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials - Part 1: Criteria for the

selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements (ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020)

Qualitätsanforderungen für das Schmelzschweißen von metallischen Werkstoffen - Teil

1: Kriterien für die Auswahl der geeigneten Stufe der Qualitätsanforderungen (ISO/DIS

3834-1:2020)
Exigences de qualité en soudage par fusion des matériaux métalliques - Partie 1:

Critères pour la sélection du niveau approprié d'exigences de qualité (ISO/DIS 3834-

1:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 3834-1
ICS:
03.120.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi s Other standards related to
kakovostjo quality
25.160.10 Varilni postopki in varjenje Welding processes
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 3834-1
ISO/TC 44/SC 10 Secretariat: DIN
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2020-11-26 2021-02-18
Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic
materials —
Part 1:
Criteria for the selection of the appropriate level of quality
requirements
Exigences de qualité en soudage par fusion des matériaux métalliques —
Partie 1: Critères pour la sélection du niveau approprié d'exigences de qualité
ICS: 25.160.01
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 General outline of ISO 3834 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements .................................................................................... 3

6 Processes to be considered for a quality management system to complement ISO 3834 .......3

Annex A (informative) Criteria which assist in the selection of ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 or

ISO 3834-4 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 44, Welding and allied processes,

Subcommittee SC 10, Quality management in the field of welding.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 3834-1:2005), which has been technically

revised.

Any feedback, question or request for official interpretation related to any aspect of this document

should be directed to the Secretariat of ISO/TC 44/SC 10 via your national standards body. A complete

listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html. Official interpretations, where they

exist, are available from this page: https:// committee .iso .org/ sites/ tc44/ home/ interpretation .html.

The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— Standard was editorially revised;
— references to sub-clauses in ISO 9001 were updated.
A list of all parts in the ISO 3834 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020(E)
Introduction

Processes such as fusion welding are widely used to manufacture many products. In some companies, they

are the key feature of production. Products may range from simple to complex. Examples include pressure

vessels, domestic and agricultural equipment, cranes, bridges, transport vehicles and other items.

These processes exert a profound influence on the cost of manufacture and quality of the product. It is

important, therefore, to ensure that these processes are carried out in the most effective way and that

appropriate control is exercised over all aspects of the operation.

It is emphasised that the ISO 3834 series is not a quality management system standard replacing

ISO 9001:2015. However, it can be a useful tool when ISO 9001:2015 is applied by manufacturers.

Specification of quality requirements for welding processes is important because the quality of these

processes cannot be readily or economically validated. Therefore, they are considered to be special

processes as noted by ISO 9000:2015.

Quality cannot be inspected into a product: quality has to be built in. Even the most extensive and

sophisticated non-destructive testing does not improve the quality of the product.

For products to be free from serious problems in production and in service, it is necessary to provide

controls, from the design phase, through material selection, into manufacture and subsequent

inspection. For example, poor design may create serious and costly difficulties in the workshop, on site,

or in service. Incorrect material selection may result in problems, such as cracking in welded joints.

To ensure sound and effective manufacturing, management needs to understand and appreciate the

sources of potential trouble and to implement appropriate procedures for their control.

The ISO 3834 series identifies measures that are applicable for different situations. Typically, they may

be applied in the following circumstances:
— in contractual situations: specification of welding quality requirements;

— by manufacturers: establishment and maintenance of welding quality requirements;

— by committees drafting manufacturing codes or application standards: specification of welding

quality requirements;

— by organizations assessing welding quality performance, e.g. third parties, customers, or

manufacturers.

The ISO 3834 series can be used by internal and external organizations, including certification

bodies, to assess the manufacturer's ability to meet customer, regulatory or the manufacturer's own

requirements.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 3834-1:2021
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 3834-1:2020(E)
Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic
materials —
Part 1:
Criteria for the selection of the appropriate level of quality
requirements
1 Scope

This document provides a general outline of the ISO 3834 series and criteria to be taken into account

for the selection of the appropriate level of quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic

[1] [2] [3]

materials, among the three levels specified in ISO 3834-2 , ISO 3834-3 and ISO 3834-4 . It applies

to manufacturing, both in workshops and at field installation sites.

NOTE 1 ISO 3834-2, ISO 3834-3 and ISO 3834-4 provide complete sets of quality requirements for process

control related to all fusion welding processes (for each process separately or in combination as specified).

ISO 3834-5 specifies the documents with which it is necessary to conform to claim conformity to the quality

...

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