Textiles - Care labelling code using symbols (ISO 3758:2012)

2007-12-18 D version delivered by DIN 30.99

Textilien - Pflegekennzeichnungs-Code auf der Basis von Symbolen (ISO 3758:2012)

Diese Internationale Norm
-   stellt ein System von graphischen Symbolen, die für die Kennzeichnung von textilen Artikeln und für die Bereitstellung von Informationen über die Maximalbehandlung, ohne irreversible Schäden des ausgezeichneten Artikels bei der Textilpflege hervorzurufen, vorgesehen sind, auf;
-   legt die Verwendung dieser Symbole bei der Pflegekennzeichnung fest.
Die nachfolgenden Behandlungen im Haushalt sind enthalten: Waschen, Bleichen, Trocknen und Bügeln. Professionelle Textilpflege bei der Trocken- und Nassreinigung, außer gewerbliches Waschen, sind ebenfalls enthalten. Es ist jedoch allgemein bekannt, dass die durch die im Haushalt gebräuchlichen Symbole vermittelten Informationen auch für die professionelle Textilpflege hilfreich sind.
ANMERKUNG   Symbole für gewerbliche Waschverfahren, siehe ISO/CD 30023 Textiles — Care labelling code using symbols for workwear to be industrially laundered.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt für sämtliche textile Artikel in der Form, in der sie dem Endverbraucher geliefert werden.

Textiles - Code d'étiquetage d'entretien au moyen de symboles (ISO 3758:2012)

L'ISO 3758:2012 établit un système de symboles graphiques destinés au marquage des articles textiles, en donnant des informations sur le traitement le plus sévère possible sans détérioration irréversible de l'article pendant l'entretien du textile et précise l'utilisation de ces symboles dans l'étiquetage d'entretien.
Les traitements ménagers suivants sont pris en considération: lavage, blanchiment, séchage et repassage. Les traitements d'entretien des textiles par des professionnels, par nettoyage à sec ou nettoyage à l'eau, sont également couverts, à l'exclusion de la blanchisserie industrielle. Toutefois, il est admis que les informations fournies par les symboles domestiques seront également utiles aux professionnels de la teinturerie et de la blanchisserie.
L'ISO 3758:2012 s'applique à tous les articles textiles tels qu'ils sont livrés aux consommateurs.

Tekstilije - Označevanje nege s simboli (ISO 3758:2012)

Ta mednarodni standard vzpostavlja sistem grafičnih simbolov za označevanje tekstilnih izdelkov in podajanje informacij o najostrejšem postopku, ki ne povzroča nepovratne škode na izdelku med nego tkanine, ter določa uporabo teh simbolov za označevanje nege. Zajeti so naslednji gospodinjski postopki: pranje, beljenje, sušenje in likanje. Obravnava tudi postopke profesionalne nege tekstilnih izdelkov, kot sta kemično in mokro čiščenje, industrijsko pranje pa ni vključeno. Vseeno pa je ugotovljeno, da so simboli za domačo rabo v pomoč tudi profesionalnim pralcem in čistilcem.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Jul-2010
Publication Date
03-May-2012
Current Stage
6100 - Translation of adopted SIST standards (Adopted Project)
Start Date
08-Jun-2012
Due Date
07-Jun-2013
Completion Date
04-Dec-2012

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
01-junij-2012
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 3758:2005
7HNVWLOLMH2]QDþHYDQMHQHJHVVLPEROL ,62
Textiles - Care labelling code using symbols (ISO 3758:2012)
Textilien - Pflegekennzeichnungs-Code auf der Basis von Symbolen (ISO 3758:2012)
Textiles - Code d'étiquetage d'entretien au moyen de symboles (ISO 3758:2012)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 3758:2012
ICS:
01.080.20 *UDILþQLVLPEROL]DSRVHEQR Graphical symbols for use on
RSUHPR specific equipment
59.080.01 Tekstilije na splošno Textiles in general
SIST EN ISO 3758:2012 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 3758
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2012
ICS 59.080.01 Supersedes EN ISO 3758:2005
English Version
Textiles - Care labelling code using symbols (ISO 3758:2012)

Textiles - Code d'étiquetage d'entretien au moyen de Textilien - Pflegekennzeichnungs-Code auf der Basis von

symboles (ISO 3758:2012) Symbolen (ISO 3758:2012)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 December 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 3758:2012: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
EN ISO 3758:2012 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
EN ISO 3758:2012 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 3758:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38 "Textiles" in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products” the secretariat of which is

held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by October 2012.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 3758:2005.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 3758:2012 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 3758:2012 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3758
Third edition
2012-04-01
Textiles — Care labelling code using
symbols
Textiles — Code d'étiquetage d'entretien au moyen de symboles
Reference number
ISO 3758:2012(E)
ISO 2012
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2012

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... v

1  Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2  Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................... 1

3  Description and definition of symbols ................................................................................................ 3

3.1  Symbols .................................................................................................................................................. 3

3.2  Washing .................................................................................................................................................. 5

3.3  Bleaching ............................................................................................................................................... 7

3.4  Drying ..................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.5  Ironing and pressing ............................................................................................................................. 8

3.6  Professional textile care ....................................................................................................................... 9

4  Application and use of symbols ........................................................................................................ 10

4.1  Application of symbols ....................................................................................................................... 10

4.2  Characteristics and test methods for the selection of appropriate symbols ................................ 10

4.3  Use of symbols .................................................................................................................................... 10

Annex A (informative) Characteristics and available test methods for the correct selection of care

symbols ................................................................................................................................................ 11

Annex B (informative) Regional and national requirements in care labelling ............................................ 16

Annex C (informative) Examples of additional wording ............................................................................... 20

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 21

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 3758 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38, Textiles, Subcommittee SC 2, Cleansing,

finishing and water resistance tests.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 3758:2005), of which definition 2.4.2 natural

drying was revised. Symbols for natural drying processes were added in the new Table 4 and Annex C of the

2005 edition was deleted. Subclause 4.3 Use of symbols was revised as in this edition. The symbols for

bleaching in Table 2 have been technically revised and one symbol concerning bleaching has been changed.

In Table 6, Symbols for professional textile care, a symbol for “do not professional wet clean” was added in

this edition. Some editorial changes have also been made.
iv © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
Introduction

The variety of fibres, materials and finishes used in the production of textile articles, together with the

development of cleansing and care procedures, makes it difficult and often impossible to decide on the

appropriate cleansing and care treatment for each article simply by inspecting it. To help those who have to

make such a decision (principally the consumer but also launderers and dry cleaners), this code of graphic

symbols was established, based on the GINETEX care labelling system, for use in the permanent marking of

textile articles with information on their care in use as an International Standard in 1991. In certain countries

GINETEX has the intellectual property right of the 5 main symbols specified in this International Standard.

In order to make this code “easily understandable and recognizable” for the consumer world-wide, symbols

have been limited as to types and numbers as far as practicable.

The first and second editions of this International Standard published in 1991 and 2005 were a result of a

compromise between two requirements: being simple enough to be understood by users in all countries,

irrespective of the language they speak, yet providing as much information as possible to prevent irreversible

damage being caused during care treatments. This International Standard has been made sufficiently flexible

to accommodate the needs of practically all who wish to use it. This has been achieved by providing a

sufficiently large selection of care treatments, from which the user may select the most suitable for any

particular need.

The revision was necessary to reflect current cleansing practices including technical developments, new

bleach systems, and the alternative to conventional dry cleaning using aqueous systems. Furthermore,

modifications in the description of care processes have been introduced in order to avoid hindering process

development.

The international care label used in this International Standard gives care instructions using a sequence of

symbols in the order of five main treatments: washing, bleaching, drying, ironing and professional textile care.

Annex A has been developed to give a description of characteristics and available test methods to ensure the

correct selection of care symbols.
Annex B deals with regional and national requirements in care labelling.

When deemed necessary, words may be used as well as the symbols. Examples are included in Annex C.

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3758:2012(E)
Textiles — Care labelling code using symbols
1 Scope
This International Standard

 establishes a system of graphic symbols, intended for use in the marking of textile articles, and for

providing information on the most severe treatment that does not cause irreversible damage to the article

during the textile care process, and
 specifies the use of these symbols in care labelling.

The following domestic treatments are covered: washing, bleaching, drying and ironing. Professional textile

care treatments in dry and wet cleaning, but excluding industrial laundering, are also covered. However, it is

recognized that information imparted by the domestic symbols will also be of assistance to the professional

cleaner and launderer.
NOTE Symbols for industrial laundering can be found in ISO 30023.

This International Standard applies to all textile articles in the form in which they are supplied to the end user.

2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
2.1
textile articles

yarns, piece goods and made-up articles containing at least 80 % by mass textile material

2.2
washing
process designed to clean textile articles in an aqueous bath

NOTE Washing includes all or some of the following operations in relevant combinations:

 soaking, pre-washing and main washing — carried out usually with heating, mechanical action and in the presence of

detergents or other products — and rinsing;

 water extraction, i.e. spinning or wringing performed during and/or at the end of the operations mentioned above.

These operations may be carried out by machine or by hand.
2.3
bleaching

process carried out in an aqueous medium before, during or after washing, requiring the use of an oxidizing

agent including either chlorine or oxygen/non-chlorine products, for the purpose of improving soil and stain

removal and/or improving whiteness
2.3.1
chlorine bleach
agent that releases hypochlorite ions in solution, e.g. sodium hypochlorite
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
2.3.2
oxygen/non-chlorine bleach
agent that releases a peroxygen species in solution

NOTE Oxygen bleach products encompass a wide range of different activated and non-activated bleaching species

which vary in their activity. A bleach activator is an agent that initiates bleaching to occur at lower washing temperatures.

2.4
drying

process carried out on textile articles after washing to remove residual water (or moisture)

2.4.1
tumble drying

process carried out on textile articles after washing and hydro-extracting, with the intention of removing

residual water by treatment with hot air in a rotating drum
2.4.2
natural drying

process carried out on a textile article after washing, with the intention of removing residual water by line

drying, or drip drying, or flat drying and, if appropriate, combined with drying in the shade

2.4.2.1
line drying

process carried out on a textile article after washing and hydro-extracting, with the intention of removing

residual water by hanging on a line or hanger
2.4.2.2
flat drying

process carried out on a textile article after washing and hydro-extracting, with the intention of removing

residual water by lying horizontal
2.4.2.3
drip line drying

process carried out on a textile article after washing without hydro-extracting, with the intention of removing

residual water by hanging wet articles on a line or hanger
2.4.2.4
drip flat drying

process carried out on a textile article after washing without hydro-extracting, with the intention of removing

residual water by laying wet articles horizontal
2.5
ironing and pressing

process carried out on a textile article to restore its shape and appearance by means of an appropriate

appliance using heat, pressure and possibly steam
2.6
professional textile care

professional dry cleaning and professional wet cleaning, excluding industrial laundering

2.6.1
professional dry cleaning

process for cleaning textile articles by means of treatment in any solvent (excluding water) normally used for

dry cleaning by professionals

NOTE This process consists of cleaning, rinsing and spinning. It is followed by appropriate drying and restorative

finishing procedures.
2 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
2.6.2
professional wet cleaning

process for cleaning textile articles in water carried out by professionals using special technology (cleaning,

rinsing and spinning), detergents, and additives to minimize adverse effects

NOTE Professional wet cleaning is followed by appropriate drying and restorative finishing procedures.

3 Description and definition of symbols
3.1 Symbols
3.1.1 General
Five main symbols and some additional descriptives are provided.
3.1.2 Main symbols
3.1.2.1 Washing
For the washing processes, a washtub as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 — Washing, general (Application of ISO 7000 – 3085)
3.1.2.2 Bleaching
For the bleaching processes, a triangle as shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2 — Bleaching by any agents (Application of ISO 7000 – 3098)
3.1.2.3 Drying
For the drying processes, a square as shown in Figure 3.
Figure 3
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
3.1.2.4 Ironing and pressing
For the ironing and pressing processes, a hand-iron shape as shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4 — Ironing, general (Application of ISO 7000 – 3081)
3.1.2.5 Professional textile care

For the professional dry cleaning and professional wet cleaning processes, a circle as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5
3.1.3 Additional descriptives
3.1.3.1 Mild treatment

A bar under the symbol means that the treatment should be milder than indicated by the same symbol without

a bar, e.g. reduced agitation.
Figure 6
3.1.3.2 Very mild treatment

A double bar under the symbol describes a very mild process, e.g. much reduced agitation.

Figure 7
4 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
3.1.3.3 Temperature of treatment

The temperature in connection with the symbol in 3.1.2.1 is given as a figure representing degrees Celsius

(30, 40, 50, 60, 70 or 95) without the designation “°C”.

Dots are used to define the temperature of the treatment with the symbols for drying (3.1.2.3) and ironing and

pressing (3.1.2.4). The definitions of the number of dots in each case are given in Tables 3 and 5 for symbols.

In addition, dots may be used with the washing symbol (3.1.2.1) together with the washing temperatures, in

degrees Celsius (°C), to give national information about the temperatures, see Clause B.4.

, , or more, up to 4
Figure 8
3.1.3.4 Treatment not permitted

The St. Andrew's cross superimposed on any of the five main symbols means that the treatment represented

by that symbol shall not be permitted.
Figure 9
3.2 Washing

The washtub symbolizes the domestic washing treatment (by hand or machine) (see Figure 1). It is used to

convey information regarding the maximum washing temperature and the maximum washing process severity,

as shown in Table 1.
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
Table 1 — Symbols for washing processes
Symbol Washing process Registration No.
 maximum washing temperature 95 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3097
 normal process
 maximum washing temperature 70 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3096
 normal process
 maximum washing temperature 60 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3094
 normal process
 maximum washing temperature 60 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3095
 mild process
 maximum washing temperature 50 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3092
 normal process
 maximum washing temperature 50 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3093
 mild process
 maximum washing temperature 40 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3089
 normal process
 maximum washing temperature 40 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3090
 mild process
 maximum washing temperature 40 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3091
 very mild process
 maximum washing temperature 30 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3086
 normal process
 maximum washing temperature 30 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3087
 mild process
 maximum washing temperature 30 °C
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3088
 very mild process
 wash by hand
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3125
 maximum temperature 40 °C
Application of
 do not wash
ISO 7000 – 3123

NOTE In some countries, dots are used in addition to temperature Celsius (see Annex B).

6 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
3.3 Bleaching
The triangle symbolizes the bleaching process (see Figure 2 and Table 2).
Table 2 — Symbols for bleaching
Symbol Bleaching process Registration No.
Application of
 any bleaching agent allowed
ISO 7000 – 3098
Application of
 only oxygen/non-chlorine bleach allowed
ISO 7000 – 3099
Application of
 do not bleach
ISO 7000 – 3124
3.4 Drying
3.4.1 General
The square symbolizes the drying process (see Figure 3 and Tables 3 and 4).
3.4.2 Tumble drying

The circle in a square symbolizes tumble drying after a washing process, with the maximum temperature

setting being indicated by the use of one or two dots placed within the symbol, as shown in Table 3.

Table 3 — Symbols for tumble drying
Symbol Tumble drying process Registration No.
 tumble drying possible
Application of
 normal temperature; exhaust temperature
ISO 7000 – 3108
max. 80 °C
 tumble drying possible
Application of
 low temperature; exhaust temperature max.
ISO 7000 – 3107
60 °C
Application of
 do not tumble dry
ISO 7000 – 3109
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 7
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
3.4.3 Natural drying

The line(s) inside a square symbolize(s) natural drying after a washing process (see Table 4).

Table 4 — Symbols for natural drying process
Natural drying process Natural drying process in the shade
Description Description
Symbol Symbol
Registration No. Registration No.
 line drying  line drying in the shade
Application of ISO 7000 – 3103 Application of ISO 7000 – 3104
 drip line drying  drip line drying in the shade
Application of ISO 7000 – 3105 Application of ISO 7000 – 3106
 flat drying  flat drying in the shade
Application of ISO 7000 – 3080 Application of ISO 7000 – 3100
 drip flat drying  drip flat drying in the shade
Application of ISO 7000 – 3101 Application of ISO 7000 – 3102
3.5 Ironing and pressing

The iron symbolizes the domestic ironing and pressing process, with or without steam (see Figure 4),

maximum temperature levels being indicated by one, two or three dots placed within the symbol as shown in

Table 5.
Table 5 — Symbols for ironing
Symbol Ironing process Registration No.
 iron at maximum sole-plate temperature of Application of
ISO 7000 – 3112
200 °C
 iron at maximum sole-plate temperature of Application of
ISO 7000 – 3111
150 °C
 iron at maximum sole-plate temperature of
Application of
110 °C without steam
ISO 7000 – 3110
 steam ironing may cause irreversible damage
Application of
 do not iron
ISO 7000 – 3113
8 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
3.6 Professional textile care

The circle (see Figure 5) symbolizes the dry cleaning and wet cleaning process for textile articles (excluding

genuine leather and furs) carried out by professionals. It provides information relative to different cleaning

processes described in Table 6.
Table 6 — Symbols for professional textile care
Textile care process
Symbol Dry cleaning process Registration No.
 professional dry cleaning in tetrachloroethene and
Application of
all solvents listed for the symbol F
ISO 7000 – 3117
 normal process
 professional dry cleaning in tetrachloroethene and
Application of
all solvents listed for the symbol F
ISO 7000 – 3118
 mild process
 professional dry cleaning in hydrocarbons
(distillation temperature between 150 °C and
Application of
210 °C, flash point between 38 °C and 70 °C)
ISO 7000 – 3115
 normal process
 professional dry cleaning in hydrocarbons
(distillation temperature between 150 °C and
Application of
210 °C, flash point between 38 °C and 70 °C)
ISO 7000 – 3116
 mild process
Application of
 do not dry clean
ISO 7000 – 3114
Textile care process
Symbol Wet cleaning process Registration No.
 professional wet cleaning
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3119
 normal process
 professional wet cleaning
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3120
 mild process
 professional wet cleaning
Application of
ISO 7000 – 3121
 very mild process
Application of
 do not professional wet clean
ISO 7000 – 3122
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 9
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
4 Application and use of symbols
4.1 Application of symbols

The symbols defined in Clause 3 shall, when possible, be placed either directly on the article or directly on the

label. Where this is not possible, it is sufficient to indicate the care instructions on the packaging only.

Labels shall be made of suitable material with resistance to the care treatment indicated on the label at least

equal to that of the article on which they are placed.

Label and symbols shall be large enough for the symbols to be easy to read and remain readable throughout

the lifetime of the article.

Labels shall be permanently affixed to the textile material, in such a way that they can be easily located and

read by the consumer and that no part of the symbols is hidden.
4.2 Characteristics and test methods for the selection of appropriate symbols

The relevant characteristics and the respective test procedures are laid down in Annex A (informative).

4.3 Use of symbols

The symbols shall appear in the order washing, bleaching, drying, ironing and professional textile care.

If more than one drying symbol or more than one professional textile care symbol is needed, they shall appear

in the order washing, bleaching, tumble drying, natural drying, ironing, professional dry cleaning and

professional wet cleaning.

If no information is given on any of the main five symbols described by this International Standard, then any

care treatment covered by that symbol can be used.

The treatments represented by the symbols apply to the whole of the textile article, unless otherwise specified.

See also Annex B.
10 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3758:2012
ISO 3758:2012(E)
Annex A
(informative)
Characteristics and available test methods for the correct
selection of care symbols
A.1 General
A.1.1 Characteristics

Characteristics are important for the usability of textile articles which may be influenced in a negative way by

care treatments.

It is recommended that information on the performance of textile articles and their components with respect to

cleaning treatments be obtained before selecting care labels.
A.1.2 Test methods
A.1.2.1 Laboratory methods

These are test methods using laboratory devices which simulate procedures in practice.

A.1.2.2 Machine (full-scale) methods

These are test methods applying standardized procedures similar to those used in practice.

A.1.2.3 Sensory assessment
Sensory assessment is an evaluation method which uses human senses only.
A.2 Characteristics
A.2.1 Characteristics tested by laboratory methods

 Colour fastness. The general principles of testing are laid down in ISO 105-A01. The scales for assessing

the change in colour and staining are specified in ISO 105-A02 and ISO 105-A03, respectively.

A.2.2 Characteristics tested by full
...

SLOVENSKI SIST EN ISO 3758
STANDARD
junij 2012
Tekstilije – Označevanje nege s simboli (ISO 3758:2012)
Textiles – Care labelling code using symbols (ISO 3758:2012)
Textiles – Code d'étiquetage d'entretien au moyen de symboles (ISO 3758:2012)
Textilien – Pflegekennzeichnungs-Code auf der Basis von Symbolen
(ISO 3758:2012)
Referenčna oznaka
ICS 59.080.01 SIST EN ISO 3758:2012 (sl)
Nadaljevanje na straneh od II do IV in od 1 do 28

© 2013-01. Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
NACIONALNI UVOD

Standard SIST EN ISO 3758 (sl), Tekstilije – Označevanje nege s simboli (ISO 3758:2012), 2012, ima

status slovenskega standarda in je istoveten evropskemu standardu EN ISO 3758 (en), Textiles –

Care labelling code using symbols (ISO 3758:2012), 2012.
NACIONALNI PREDGOVOR

Evropski standard EN ISO 3758:2012 je pripravil tehnični odbor Evropskega komiteja za

standardizacijo CEN/TC 248 Tekstilije in tekstilni izdelki, katerega tajništvo vodi BSI.

Slovenski standard SIST EN ISO 3758:2012 je prevod evropskega standarda EN ISO 3758:2012. V

primeru spora glede besedila slovenskega prevoda v tem standardu je odločilen izvirni evropski

standard v angleškem jeziku. Slovensko izdajo standarda je pripravil tehnični odbor SIST/TC OVT

Označevanje vzdrževanja tekstila.

Odločitev za privzem tega standarda je dne 4. maja 2012 sprejel tehnični odbor SIST/TC OVT

Označevanje vzdrževanja tekstila.
ZVEZA Z NACIONALNIMI STANDARDI

S privzemom tega evropskega standarda veljajo za omejeni namen referenčnih standardov vsi

standardi, navedeni v izvirniku, razen standardov, ki so že sprejeti v nacionalno standardizacijo:

SIST EN ISO 105-A01:2010 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del A01: Splošna

načela preskušanja

SIST EN 20105-A02:1996 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del A02: Siva skala za

ocenjevanje barvnih sprememb

SIST EN 20105-A03:1996 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del A03: Siva skala za

ocenjevanje prehoda obarvanja spremljajočih tkanin

SIST EN ISO 105-C06:1999 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del C06: Barvna

obstojnost proti gospodinjskemu in poklicnemu pranju (ISO 105-
C06:1994)

SIST EN ISO 105-C08:2003 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del C08: Barvna

obstojnost proti gospodinjskemu in komercialnemu pranju pri uporabi
nefosfatnega detergenta skupaj z nizkotemperaturnim aktivatorjem
beljenja (ISO 105-C08:2001)

SIST EN ISO 105-C09:2003 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del C09: Barvna

obstojnost proti gospodinjskemu in komercialnemu pranju – Reakcija
oksidativnega beljenja pri uporabi nefosfatnega detergenta skupaj z
nizko temperaturnim aktivatorjem beljenja (ISO 105-C09:2001)

SIST EN ISO 105-D01:1996 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del D01: Barvna

obstojnost pri kemičnem čiščenju

SIST EN ISO 105-D02:1999 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del D02: Barvna

obstojnost proti drgnjenju: organska topila (ISO 105-D02:1993)

SIST EN ISO 105-E01:1999 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del E01: Barvna

obstojnost proti vodi (ISO 105-E01:1994)

SIST EN 20105-N01:1999 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Barvna obstojnost proti

beljenju s hipokloritom

SIST EN ISO 105-X11:1999 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del X11: Barvna

obstojnost pri vročem likanju (ISO-X11:1994)

SIST EN ISO 105-X12:2002 Tekstilije – Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti – Del X12: Barvna

obstojnost pri drgnjenju (ISO 105-X12:2001)
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012

SIST EN ISO 2411:2000 Gumirane ali plastificirane tekstilije – Ugotavljanje adhezije plasti

(ISO 2411:2000)

SIST EN ISO 3175-1:2000 Tekstilije – Kemično čiščenje in naknadna obdelava – 1. del: Metoda

za ocenjevanje sposobnosti očiščenja tekstilij in oblačil
(ISO 3175-1:1998)

SIST EN ISO 3175-2:2000 Tekstilije – Kemično čiščenje in naknadna obdelava – 2. del: Postopki

s tetrakloretilenom (ISO 3175-2:1998)

SIST EN ISO 3175-3:2003 Tekstilije – Profesionalna nega ter kemično in mokro čiščenje

tekstilnih izdelkov in oblačil – 3. del: Postopek preskušanja pri
čiščenju in plemenitenju ob uporabi ogljikovodikovega topila
(ISO 3175-3:2003)

SIST EN ISO 3175-4:2004 Tekstilije – Kemično čiščenje, suho in mokro čiščenje izdelkov in

oblačil – 4. del: Postopek preskušanja lastnosti, če čiščenje in
plemenitenje vsebujeta mokro čiščenje (ISO 3175-4:2003)

SIST EN ISO 3759:2011 Tekstilije – Priprava, označevanje in merjenje preskušancev tekstilnih

izdelkov in oblačil za preskuse ugotavljanja dimenzijskih sprememb

SIST EN ISO 6330:2012 Tekstilije – Gospodinjsko pranje in sušilni postopki za preskušanje

tekstilij (ISO 6330:2012)

SIST EN ISO 12945-1:2001 Tekstilije – Ugotavljanje nagnjenja tekstilij k površinskemu

razvlaknjanju in pilingu – 1. del: Metoda piling posode
(ISO 12945-1:2000)

SIST EN ISO 12945-2:2000 Tekstilije – Ugotavljanje nagnjenja tekstilij k površinskemu

razvlaknjanju in pilingu – 2. del: Prilagojena Martindalova metoda
(ISO 12945-2:2000)

SIST EN ISO 12947-4:1999 Tekstilije – Ugotavljanje odpornosti tekstilij proti drgnjenju po

Martindalovi metodi – 4. del: Ocena spremembe videza
(ISO 12947-4:1998)

SIST EN ISO 13936-1:2004 Tekstilije – Ugotavljanje odpornosti proti drsenju prej ob šivu pri

tkaninah – 1. del: Razmikanje niti ob šivu (ISO 13936-1:2004)

SIST EN ISO 13936-2:2004 Tekstilije – Ugotavljanje odpornosti proti drsenju prej ob šivu pri

tkaninah – 2. del: Metoda s stalno obremenitvijo (ISO 13936-2:2004)

SIST EN ISO 15487:2011 Tekstilije – Metoda za ocenjevanje videza oblačil in drugih tekstilnih

končnih izdelkov po gospodinjskem pranju in sušenju (ISO
15487:2009)

SIST EN ISO 5077:2009 Tekstilije – Ugotavljanje dimenzijskih sprememb pri pranju in sušenju

(ISO 5077:2007)
OSNOVA ZA PREVZEM STANDARDA
– privzem evropskega standarda EN ISO 3758:2012
PREDHODNA IZDAJA
– SIST EN ISO 3758:2005, Tekstilije – Označevanje nege s simboli (ISO 3758:205)
III
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
OPOMBE

– Povsod, kjer se v besedilu standarda uporablja izraz “evropski standard”, v SIST EN ISO

3758:2012 to pomeni “slovenski standard”.
– Nacionalni uvod in nacionalni predgovor nista sestavni del standarda.

– Ta nacionalni dokument je enakovreden EN ISO 3758:2012 in je objavljen z dovoljenjem

CEN
Management Centre
Avenue Marnix 17
B-1000 Bruselj

This national document is identical with EN ISO 3758:2012 and is published with the permission of

CEN
Management Centre
Avenue Marnix 17
B-1000 Brussels
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EVROPSKI STANDARD EN ISO 3758
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM april 2012
ICS 59.080.01 Nadomešča EN ISO 3758:2005
Slovenska izdaja
Tekstilije – Označevanje nege s simboli (ISO 3758:2012)

Textiles – Care labelling code Textiles – Code d'étiquetage Textilien – Pflegekennzeichnungs-

using symbols d'entretien au moyen de Code auf der Basis von Symbolen
(ISO 3758:2012) symboles (ISO 3758:2012) (ISO 3758:2012)
Ta evropski standard je CEN sprejel 23. decembra 2011.

Člani CEN morajo izpolnjevati določila notranjih predpisov CEN/CENELEC, s katerim je predpisano,

da mora biti ta standard brez kakršnihkoli sprememb sprejet kot nacionalni standard. Najnovejši

seznami teh nacionalnih standardov z njihovimi bibliografskimi podatki se na zahtevo lahko dobijo pri

Upravnem centru CEN-CENELEC ali kateremkoli članu CEN.

Ta evropski standard obstaja v treh uradnih različicah (angleški, francoski in nemški). Izdaje v drugih

jezikih, ki jih člani CEN na lastno odgovornost prevedejo in izdajo ter prijavijo pri Upravnem centru

CEN-CENELEC, veljajo kot uradne izdaje.

Člani CEN so nacionalni organi za standarde Avstrije, Belgije, Bolgarije, Cipra, Češke republike,

Danske, Estonije, Finske, Francije, Grčije, Hrvaške, Islandije, Irske, Italije, Latvije, Litve, Luksemburga,

Madžarske, Malte, Nemčije, Nizozemske, Norveške, Poljske, Portugalske, Romunije, Slovaške,

Slovenije, Španije, Švedske, Švice, Turčije in Združenega kraljestva.
CEN
Evropski komite za standardizacijo
European Committee for Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation
Europäisches Komitee für Normung
Upravni center: Rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Bruselj

© 2012 CEN. Lastnice avtorskih pravic so vse države članice CEN. Ref. št. EN ISO 3758:2012:E

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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
Predgovor

Ta dokument (EN ISO 3758:2012) je pripravil tehnični odbor ISO/TC 38 Tekstilije v sodelovanju s

tehničnim odborom CEN/TC 248 Tekstilije in tekstilni izdelki, katerega sekretariat vodi BSI.

Ta evropski standard mora dobiti status nacionalnega standarda z objavo istovetnega besedila ali z

razglasitvijo najpozneje do oktobra 2012. Nacionalne standarde, ki so v nasprotju s tem standardom,

je treba umakniti najpozneje do oktobra 2012.
Ta dokument nadomešča EN ISO 3758:2005.

V skladu z notranjimi predpisi CEN/CENELEC morajo ta evropski standard obvezno uvesti nacionalni

organi za standarde naslednjih držav: Avstrije, Belgije, Bolgarije, Cipra, Češke republike, Danske,

Estonije, Finske, Francije, Grčije, Hrvaške, Islandije, Irske, Italije, Latvije, Litve, Luksemburga,

Madžarske, Malte, Nemčije, Nizozemske, Norveške, Poljske, Portugalske, Romunije, Slovaške,

Slovenije, Španije, Švedske, Švice, Turčije in Združenega kraljestva.
Razglasitvena objava
Besedilo ISO 3758:2012 je odobril CEN kot EN ISO 3758:2012 brez sprememb.
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
VSEBINA Stran

Predgovor .................................................................................................................................................4

Uvod .........................................................................................................................................................5

1 Področje uporabe .................................................................................................................................6

2 Izrazi in definicije ..................................................................................................................................6

3 Opis in definicije simbolov ....................................................................................................................8

3.1 Simboli...............................................................................................................................................8

3.2 Pranje ..............................................................................................................................................10

3.3 Beljenje............................................................................................................................................12

3.4 Sušenje............................................................................................................................................12

3.5 Likanje in stiskanje ..........................................................................................................................13

3.6 Profesionalna nega tekstilnih izdelkov .............................................................................................14

4 Namestitev in raba simbolov ..............................................................................................................15

4.1 Namestitev simbolov .......................................................................................................................15

4.2 Lastnosti in preskusne metode za izbor ustreznih simbolov...........................................................15

4.3 Uporaba simbolov............................................................................................................................15

Dodatek A (informativni): Lastnosti in primerne preskusne metode za pravilen izbor

simbolov za nego .................................................................................................................................16

Dodatek B (informativni): Zahteve za označevanje nege s simboli po območjih in državah .................22

Dodatek C (informativni): Primeri dodatnega besedila...........................................................................26

Literatura.................................................................................................................................................27

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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
Predgovor

ISO (Mednarodna organizacija za standardizacijo) je svetovna zveza nacionalnih organov za standarde

(članov ISO). Mednarodne standarde ponavadi pripravljajo tehnični odbori ISO. Vsak član, ki želi delovati

na določenem področju, za katero je bil ustanovljen tehnični odbor, ima pravico biti zastopan v tem

odboru. Pri delu sodelujejo mednarodne vladne in nevladne organizacije, povezane z ISO. V vseh

zadevah, ki so povezane s standardizacijo na področju elektrotehnike, ISO tesno sodeluje z

Mednarodno elektrotehniško komisijo (IEC).

Mednarodni standardi so pripravljeni v skladu s pravili, podanimi v 2. delu Direktiv ISO/IEC.

Glavna naloga tehničnih odborov je priprava mednarodnih standardov. Osnutki mednarodnih

standardov, ki jih sprejmejo tehnični odbori, se pošljejo vsem članom v glasovanje. Za objavo

mednarodnega standarda je treba pridobiti soglasje najmanj 75 odstotkov članov, ki se udeležijo

glasovanja.

Opozoriti je treba na možnost, da je lahko nekaj elementov tega mednarodnega standarda predmet

patentnih pravic. ISO ne prevzema odgovornosti za identifikacijo katerihkoli ali vseh takih patentnih

pravic.

ISO 3758 je pripravil tehnični odbor ISO/TC 38 Tekstilije, pododbor SC 2 Preskusi čiščenja, zaključne

obdelave in odpornosti proti vodi.

Ta tretja izdaja razveljavlja in nadomešča drugo izdajo (ISO 3758:2005), katere definicija 2.4.2 naravno

sušenje je bila tehnično revidirana. V preglednico 4 so bili dodani simboli za naravno sušenje, v izdaji

standarda iz leta 2005 pa je bil izbrisan dodatek C. Točka 4.3 Uporaba simbolov je bila v tej izdaji

standarda revidirana. Simboli za beljenje v preglednici 2 so bili tehnično revidirani in eden od simbolov, ki

se nanaša na beljenje, je bil spremenjen. V preglednici 6 Simboli za označevanje profesionalne nege

tekstilnih izdelkov je bil dodan simbol »mokro čiščenje ni dovoljeno«. V tej izdaji standarda so bili

narejeni tudi nekateri uredniški popravki.
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
Uvod

Zaradi raznolikosti vlaken, materialov in apretur ter razvoja novih postopkov čiščenja in nege je težko,

včasih celo nemogoče izbrati primeren postopek čiščenja in nege izdelka le na podlagi ogleda. V

pomoč tistim, ki se morajo vendarle odločiti (predvsem potrošnikom ter tudi pralcem in kemičnim

čistilcem), so bili leta 1991 v obliki mednarodnega standarda uvedeni grafični simboli za trajno

označevanje tekstilnih izdelkov (na podlagi sistema označevanja nege GINETEX), ki podajajo

informacijo o njihovi negi. V nekaterih državah je pet simbolov nege, ki so podani v tem mednarodnem

standardu, zaščitenih z intelektualno lastnino.

Da bi te simbole »zlahka razumeli in prepoznali« potrošniki po vsem svetu, so bili vrste in število

simbolov zmanjšani na najmanjšo možno mero.

Prva in druga izdaja tega mednarodnega standarda leta 1991 in 2005 sta bili rezultat kompromisa

med dvema zahtevama: biti enostaven in razumljiv uporabnikom v vseh državah ne glede na jezik in

sočasno posredovati čim več informacij, da zaradi postopka pri negi ne bi prišlo do nepopravljive

škode. Ta mednarodni standard je zelo prilagodljiv in upošteva zahteve praktično vseh, ki ga želijo

uporabljati. Izbor postopkov za nego je namreč dovolj velik, da lahko uporabnik izbere

najprimernejšega za določeno potrebo.

Ta standard je bilo treba revidirati zaradi vključitve najnovejših načinov čiščenja, ki zajemajo nove

tehnične razvojne dosežke ter nove postopke beljenja in mokrega čiščenja z uporabo vodnih

sistemov. Vključene so tudi spremembe v opisu postopkov nege, da potek postopka ne bi bil oviran.

Mednarodna etiketa ISO z navodili za nego daje navodila v naslednjem vrstnem redu simbolov:

pranje, beljenje, sušenje, likanje in profesionalna nega tekstila.

V dodatku A so opisane lastnosti in primerne preskusne metode za pravilno izbiro simbolov za nego.

V dodatku B so regionalne in nacionalne zahteve označevanja nege.

Če je treba, se lahko uporabijo besede in simboli. Primeri so navedeni v dodatku D.

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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
Tekstilije – Označevanje nege s simboli
1 Področje uporabe
Ta mednarodni standard:

– vzpostavlja sistem grafičnih simbolov za označevanje nege tekstilnih izdelkov in ponuja

informacije o natančnih postopkih, s pomočjo katerih naj bi se preprečil nastanek nepopravljive

škode med postopkom nege;
– podrobno opisuje rabo teh simbolov pri označevanju nege.

Ta standard zajema naslednje vrste gospodinjskih postopkov nege: pranje, beljenje, sušenje po pranju

in likanje. Obravnava tudi postopke profesionalne nege tekstilnih izdelkov, kot sta kemično in mokro

čiščenje, medtem ko industrijsko pranje ni vključeno. Ugotovljeno je namreč bilo, da so simboli v

pomoč tudi profesionalnim čistilcem in pralcem.
OPOMBA: Simboli za industrijsko pranje so v ISO 30023.

Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za tekstilne izdelke v obliki, v kakršni so bili izročeni končnemu

uporabniku.
2 Izrazi in definicije
V tem dokumentu so uporabljeni naslednji pojmi in definicije.
2.1
tekstilni izdelki

preje, ploskovne tekstilije in konfekcijski izdelki, ki vsebujejo vsaj 80 % tekstilnih surovin

2.2
pranje
postopek čiščenja tekstilnih izdelkov v vodni kopeli

OPOMBA: Pranje vključuje vse ali nekatere od naslednjih postopkov v ustreznih kombinacijah:

– namakanje, predpranje in pranje, ki se ponavadi izvaja s segrevanjem, mehanskim delovanjem in ob

prisotnosti detergentov ali drugih sredstev, ter izpiranje;

– odstranjevanje vode, tj. centrifugiranje ali ožemanje med zgoraj navedenimi postopki ali po njih.

Ti postopki se lahko izvajajo strojno ali ročno.
2.3
beljenje

postopek, ki se izvaja v vodnem mediju pred pranjem, med njim ali po njem z uporabo belilnega

sredstva s klorom ali brez njega, za temeljitejšo odstranitev umazanije in madežev in/ali izboljšanje

beline
2.3.1
belilno sredstvo s klorom
sredstvo, ki sprošča hipokloritne ione v raztopini, npr. natrijev hipoklorit
2.3.2
belilno sredstvo brez klora
sredstvo, ki sprošča peroksigene snovi v raztopini

OPOMBA Belilna sredstva zajemajo široko paleto različnih belil, ki se razlikujejo v svoji aktivnosti. Aktivno sredstvo je

sredstvo, ki omogoča postopek beljenja pri nižjih temperaturah.
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
2.4
sušenje
postopek, s katerim se po pranju odstrani preostala voda (ali vlaga)
2.4.1
sušenje v bobnu

postopek, s katerim se tekstilni izdelek po pranju in ožemanju posuši s pomočjo vročega zraka v

vrtečem se bobnu
2.4.2
naravno sušenje

postopek, s katerim se mokri tekstilni izdelek po pranju suši na vrvi, suši brez ožemanja ali suši na ravni

površini na soncu ali v senci
2.4.2.1
sušenje na vrvi

postopek, s katerim se tekstilni izdelek po pranju in ožemanju suši na vrvi ali na obešalniku

2.4.2.2
sušenje na ravni podlagi

postopek, s katerim se tekstilni izdelek po pranju in ožemanju suši na ravni podlagi

2.4.2.3
sušenje na vrvi brez ožemanja

postopek, s katerim se tekstilni izdelek po pranju brez dodatnega ožemanja suši na vrvi ali obešalniku

2.4.2.4
sušenje na ravni podlagi brez ožemanja

postopek, s katerim se tekstilni izdelek po pranju brez dodatnega ožemanja suši na ravni podlagi

2.5
likanje in stiskanje

postopek, s katerim se tekstilnemu izdelku povrneta njegova oblika in videz s pomočjo ustrezne

naprave z uporabo toplote, pritiska in po možnosti s paro
2.6
profesionalna nega tekstilnih izdelkov

profesionalno kemično čiščenje in profesionalno mokro čiščenje razen industrijskega pranja

2.6.1
profesionalno kemično čiščenje

postopek čiščenja tekstilnih izdelkov z obdelavo v kakršnem koli topilu (razen vode), ki se ponavadi

uporablja pri profesionalnem kemičnem čiščenju

OPOMBA: Ta postopek obsega obdelavo v kopeli in centrifugiranje. Sledita ustrezno sušenje in zaključna obdelava.

2.6.2
profesionalno mokro čiščenje

postopek čiščenja tekstilnih izdelkov v vodi, ki ga strokovnjaki izvajajo s posebno tehnologijo

(čiščenjem, izpiranjem in centrifugiranjem), detergenti in aditivi za zmanjšanje neugodnih učinkov

OPOMBA: Postopku profesionalnega mokrega čiščenja sledita ustrezno sušenje in zaključna obdelava.

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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
3 Opis in razlaga simbolov
3.1 Simboli
3.1.1 Splošno
Določenih je pet osnovnih simbolov in nekaj dodatnih opisov.
3.1.2 Osnovni simboli
3.1.2.1 Pranje
Postopki pranja so označeni s simbolom kadi, kot prikazuje slika 1.
Slika 1: Pranje, splošno (uporaba ISO 7000 – 3085)
3.1.2.2 Beljenje
Postopki beljenja so označeni s trikotnikom, kot prikazuje slika 2.
Slika 2: Beljenje s katerim koli sredstvom (uporaba ISO 7000 – 3098)
3.1.2.3 Sušenje
Postopki sušenja so označeni s kvadratom, kot prikazuje slika 3.
Slika 3
3.1.2.4 Likanje in stiskanje

Postopki likanja in stiskanja so označeni s simbolom ročnega likalnika, kot prikazuje slika 4.

Slika 4: Likanje, splošno (uporaba ISO 7000 – 3081)
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
3.1.2.5 Profesionalna nega tekstilnih izdelkov

Postopki profesionalnega kemičnega čiščenja in profesionalnega mokrega čiščenja so označeni s

krogom, kot prikazuje slika 5.
Slika 5
3.1.3 Dodatni opisi
3.1.3.1 Blag postopek

Črta pod osnovnim simbolom pomeni, da mora biti postopek bolj blag kot pri enakem simbolu brez

črte, npr. zmanjšana mehanska obdelava.
Slika 6
3.1.3.2 Zelo blag postopek

Dvojna črta pod osnovnim simbolom določa, da mora biti postopek zelo blag, npr. zelo zmanjšana

mehanska obdelava.
Slika 7
3.1.3.3 Temperatura obdelave

Številke v simbolu iz točke 3.1.2.1 (pranje) pomenijo temperaturo pranja v stopinjah Celzija (30, 40,

50, 60, 70 ali 95) brez oznake »°C«.

Število pik določa temperaturo obdelave v stopinjah Celzija pri simbolih sušenja (3.1.2.3) ter likanja in

stiskanja (3.1.2.4). Definicije glede pomena števila pik v vsakem posameznem primeru so podane v

preglednicah 3 in 5 ob vsakem posameznem simbolu.

Pike se lahko uporabljajo tudi pri simbolih pranja skupaj z navedenimi temperaturami pranja v

stopinjah Celzija, kar omogoča mednarodno informiranje o temperaturah (točka B.4).

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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
ali več, največ 4
Slika 8
3.1.3.4 Postopek ni dovoljen

Andrejev križ, ki prekriva katerega koli od petih osnovnih simbolov, prepoveduje uporabo postopka, ki

ga ta simbol označuje.
Slika 9
3.2 Pranje

Pralna kad ponazarja gospodinjsko pranje (ročno ali strojno) (slika 1). Daje informacije o najvišji

temperaturi in postopku pranja, kakor je prikazano v preglednici 1.
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
Preglednica 1: Simboli za označevanje pranja
Simbol Pranje Številka registracije
– najvišja temperatura pranja 95 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3097
– normalen postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 70 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3096
– normalen postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 60 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3094
– normalen postopek
– najvišja pranja 60 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3095
– blag postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 50 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3092
– normalen postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 50 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3093
– blag postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 40 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3089
– normalen postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 40 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3090
– blag postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 40 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3091
– zelo blag postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 30 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3086
– normalen postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 30 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3087
– blag postopek
– najvišja temperatura pranja 30 °C
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3088
– zelo blag postopek
– ročno pranje
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3125
– najvišja temperatura pranja 40 °C
– pranje ni dovoljeno
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3123

OPOMBA V nekaterih državah se pike uporabljajo dodatno ob temperaturi, navedeni v stopinjah Celzija (glej dodatek B).

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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
3.3 Beljenje
Trikotnik ponazarja postopek beljenja (slika 2 in preglednica 2).
Preglednica 2: Simboli za označevanje beljenja
Simbol Beljenje Številka registracije
– dovoljena je uporaba katerega koli
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3098
belilnega sredstva
– dovoljena je le uporaba oksidativnega
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3099
belila brez klora
– beljenje ni dovoljeno
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3124
3.4 Sušenje
3.4.1 Splošno
Postopek sušenja ponazarja kvadrat (glej sliko 3 in preglednici 3 in 4).
3.4.2 Sušenje v bobnu

Krog v kvadratu simbolizira sušenje v bobnu po končanem postopku pranja, nastavitev najvišje

temperature je označena z eno ali dvema pikama znotraj simbola, kakor je prikazano v preglednici 3.

Preglednica 3: Simboli za označevanje sušenja v bobnu
Simbol Postopek sušenja v bobnu Številka registracije
– sušenje v bobnu dovoljeno
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3108
– normalna temperatura (največ 80 °C)
– sušenje v bobnu dovoljeno
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3107
– sušenje pri nižji temperaturi (največ 60 °C)
– sušenje v bobnu ni dovoljeno
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3109
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
3.4.3 Naravno sušenje
Črta znotraj kvadrata ponazarja naravno sušenje po pranju (glej preglednico 4).
Preglednica 4: Simboli za označevanje naravnega sušenja
Naravno sušenje Naravno sušenje v senci
Opis Opis
Simbol Simbol
Številka registracije Številka registracije
– sušenje na vrvi – sušenje na vrvi v senci
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3103 Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3104
– sušenje na vrvi brez ožemanja v
– sušenje na vrvi brez ožemanja
senci
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3105
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3106
– sušenje na ravni podlagi – sušenje na ravni podlagi v senci
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3080 Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3100
– sušenje na ravni podlagi brez – sušenje na ravni podlagi brez
ožemanja ožemanja v senci
Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3101 Uporaba simbola ISO 7000 – 3102
3.5 Likanje in stiskanje

Likalnik ponazarja gospodinjsko likanje in stiskanje z uporabo pare ali brez nje (slika 4). Najvišja

temperatura je označena z eno, dvema ali tremi pikami znotraj simbola, kot prikazuje preglednica 5.

Preglednica 5: Simboli za označevanje likanja
Simbol Likanje Številka registracije
Uporaba simbola
– likanje pri najvišji temperaturi likalne plošče 200 °C
ISO 7000 – 3112
Uporaba simbola
– likanje pri najvišji temperaturi likalne plošče 150 °C
ISO 7000 – 3111
– likanje pri najvišji temperaturi likalne plošče 110 °C
Uporaba simbola
brez pare
ISO 7000 – 3110
– likanje s paro lahko povzroči nepopravljivo škodo
Uporaba simbola
– likanje ni dovoljeno
ISO 7000 – 3113
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SIST EN ISO 3758 : 2012
3.6 Profesionalna nega tekstilnih izdelkov

Krog (slika 5) ponazarja kemično in mokro čiščenje tekstilnih izdelkov (razen naravnega usnja in

krzna), ki ga izvajajo strokovno usposobljene osebe, in podaja informacije o različnih postopkih

čiščenja, opisanih v preglednici 6.
Preglednica 6: Simboli za označevanje profesionalne nege tekstilnih izdelkov
Profesionalna nega tekstilnih izdelkov
Simbol Kemično čiščenje Številka registracije
– profesionalno kemično čiščenje v tetrakloretenu Uporaba simbola
(perkloretilenu) in vseh topilih, navedenih za simbol F ISO 7000 – 3117
– normalen postopek
– profesionalno kemično čiščenje v tetrakloretenu Uporaba simbola
(perkloretilenu) in vseh topilih, navedenih za simbol F ISO 7000 – 3118
– blag postopek
– profesionalno kemično čiščenje v ogljikovodikih Uporaba simbola ISO
(temperatura destilacije med 150 °C in 210 °C, 7000 – 3115
plamenišče med 38 °C in 70 °C)
– normalen postopek
– profesionalno kemično čiščenje v ogljikovodikih Uporaba simbola ISO
(temperatura destilacije med 150 °C in 210 °C, 7000 – 3116
plamenišče med 38 °C in 70 °C)
– blag postopek
– kemično čiščenje ni dovoljeno Uporaba simbola ISO
7000 – 3114
Profesionalna nega tekstilnih izdelkov
Simbol Mokro čiščenje Številka registracije
– profesionalno mokro čiščenje Uporaba
...

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