This document describes the range of idealized values of the apparent mass modulus and phase applicable to seated individuals with and without a back support subjected to x-, y- and z‑axis sinusoidal or broad-band random vibration and to standing individuals subjected to z‑axis sinusoidal or broad-band random vibration under specific experimental conditions. Additionally, this document describes the range of idealized values of seat-to-head transmissibility modulus and phase applicable to seated...view more

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This document addresses human exposure to multiple mechanical shocks, and it formulates requirements for the measurement of multiple shocks. The results of these measurements are then analyzed to provide information for the assessment of the risk of adverse health effects to the vertebral end-plates of the lumbar spine for seated individuals due to compression. Other injuries could develop even when there is no injury to the end plate. NOTE 1 Multiple mechanical shocks are shocks of different ma...view more

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ISO/TR 18570:2017 provides guidance on a supplementary method to that defined in ISO 5349‑1 for measuring and reporting hand-transmitted vibration exposures. The method defined in this document provides an improved assessment methodology for evaluating vascular hand-arm vibration risks (vibration white finger). This document does not apply for other health effects (e.g. sensorineural and musculoskeletal disorders) induced from hand-transmitted vibration exposure (see ISO 5349‑1:2001, Annex Β). I...view more

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ISO 10326-1:2016 specifies basic requirements for the laboratory testing of vibration transmission through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats. It specifies the test method, the instrumentation requirements, the measuring assessment method and the way to report the test result. ISO 10326-1:2016 applies to specific laboratory seat tests which evaluate vibration transmis...view more

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ISO 14835-1:2016 specifies a) the methods for measuring the finger skin temperature (FST), b) the procedures for conducting the measurements (including the performance of cold provocation tests), and c) how to report the measurement results. The methods specified in this part of ISO 14835 are designed to assist in the collection of basic data for a quantitative evaluation of vascular response to cold provocation, and to enable specification of normative figures. ISO 14835-1:2016 is applicable to...view more

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ISO 10819:2013 specifies a method for the laboratory measurement, data analysis, and reporting of the vibration transmissibility of a glove with a vibration-reducing material that covers the palm, fingers, and thumb of the hand. ISO 10819:2013 specifies vibration transmissibility in terms of vibration transmitted from a handle through a glove to the palm of the hand in one-third-octave frequency bands with centre frequencies of 25 Hz to 1 250 Hz.

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ISO 10068:2012 specifies the mechanical impedance of the human male hand-arm system at the driving point. Values of the impedance, expressed as modulus and phase, are provided for three orthogonal, translatory directions of excitation that correspond to the xh-, yh- and zh-axes of the basicentric coordinate system. The xh-, yh- and zh-components of impedance are defined as a function of frequency, from 10 Hz to 500 Hz, for specified arm positions, grip and feed forces, handle diameters, and inte...view more

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ISO/TR 10687:2012 summarizes descriptive quantities for those responsible (e.g. scientists, safety engineers) for determination of postures for a seated person who is exposed to whole-body vibration. It is the intention that the results of different methods which also are summarized can be easily related to these quantities and that they allow for a common terminology between practitioners. The postures determined can also be used as a basis for further investigation or as a means of comparison ...view more

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    • Standard
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ISO 15230:2007 describes the coupling parameters between the hands of a machine operator and a vibrating surface of the machine. The coupling between the hand and the vibrating surface can be described using different parameters and component parts of these parameters: force parameters, such as push, pull and grip; parameters such as pressure exerted on skin. In addition, informative annexes provide guidelines for measuring procedures, the measurement of the force and pressure parameters, and in...view more

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ISO 14835-2:2005 specifies the methods for measuring finger systolic blood pressures (FSBP) with local cold provocation, the procedures for conducting the measurements, and how to report the measurement results. The methods in ISO 14835-2:2005 are designed to assist in the collection of data for a quantitative evaluation of the vascular response to cold provocation, and to enable specification of normative data. The measurement of FSBP with local cold provocation can be used for the assessment o...view more

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ISO/TS 15694:2004 specifies methods for measuring single shocks at the handle(s) of hand-held and hand-guided machinery characterized by a maximum strike rate below 5 Hz. ISO/TS 15694:2004 also defines additional requirements for the measuring instrumentation which is necessary for the evaluation of shocks. The aim is to facilitate the gathering of emission and human exposure data in order to provide a basis for emission declaration and for the future development of exposure risk criteria. Howev...view more

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    • Technical specification
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ISO 13091-2:2003 specifies methods and procedures for analysing and interpreting vibrotactile perception thresholds and threshold shifts. Procedures for describing statistically significant changes in vibrotactile perception thresholds are recommended. ISO 13091-2:2003 is applicable to vibrotactile perception thresholds determined at the fingertips according to the provisions of ISO 13091-1. Values for the vibrotactile perception thresholds of healthy persons, applicable to thresholds determined...view more

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ISO 2631-2:2003 concerns human exposure to whole-body vibration and shock in buildings with respect to the comfort and annoyance of the occupants. It specifies a method for measurement and evaluation, comprising the determination of the measurement direction and measurement location. It defines the frequency weighting Wm which is applicable in the frequency range 1 Hz to 80 Hz where the posture of an occupant does not need to be defined. Whilst it is often the case that a building will be availa...view more

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This part of ISO 10326 defines specifications covering laboratory tests for seats designed for passengers and crew in railway tractive and trailer vehicles. It concerns tri-axial rectilinear vibration within the frequency range 0,5 Hz to 50 Hz. It specifies the input test vibration to be used at seat testing. This part of ISO 10326 makes it possible to characterize, in the form of frequency response functions, the manner in which vibration is transmitted to the seat occupant. However, this chara...view more

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    • Standard
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This part of ISO 2631 provides guidance on the application of ISO 2631-1 to the evaluation of the effects of mechanical vibration on the comfort of passengers and crew in fixed-guideway systems. It is intended to be used by organizations which purchase, specify or use fixed-guideway systems, to help them to understand the relationship between the design of the guideway as well as other features of the system and the comfort of passengers and crew. These guidelines establish methods for the evalu...view more

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    • Standard
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Lays down a simple classification of disturbance to human activity and performance by mechanical vibration and shock.

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Defines technical aspects of experiments dealing with human or human surrogate testing and procedures for collecting and reporting biomechanical data. Recommended practices regarding measurements, instrumentation and reporting of results are outlined.

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Relates to typical responses of people. The recommendations are categorized according to the use and to the nature of work being carried out. Does not deal with the injury of people due to structural vibration. Guidance on satisfactory magnitudes of vibrations for specific situations is given in the annex.

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ISO 14835-1:2005 specifies the methods for measuring the finger skin temperature (FST), the procedures for conducting the measurements (including the performance of cold provocation tests), and how to report the measurement results. The methods specified in ISO 14835-1:2005 are designed to assist in the collection of basic data for a quantitative evaluation of vascular response to cold provocation, and to enable specification of normative figures. ISO 14835-1:2005 is applicable to the measuremen...view more

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ISO 2631-5:2004 addresses human exposure to mechanical multiple shocks measured at the seat pad when a person is seated. The adverse health effects of prolonged exposure to vibration that includes multiple shocks are related to dose measures. The method described in ISO 2631-5:2004 is generally applicable in cases where adverse health effects in the lumbar spine are concerned. The calculation of the lumbar spine response described ISO 2631-5:2004 assumes that the person subjected to the vibratio...view more

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Specifies a method for the laboratory measurement, the data analysis and reporting of the vibration transmissibility of gloves in terms of vibration transmission from a handle to the palm of the hand in the frequency range from 31,5 Hz to 1250 Hz.

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Specifies the test method, the instrumentation requirements, the measuring assessment method and the way to report the test result.

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General guidance is given on human response to building vibrations. Includes weighting curves of frequency response for equal annoyance of humans together with measurement methods to be used. Is concerned only with tactile perception and does not take into account auditory perception of radiated sound.

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Standardization is restricted to z-axis vibration for the standing and sitting postures. Currently there is only sufficient information for the head in the frequency range from 0,5 to 31,5 Hz for whole-body vibration entering the torso through the seat or feet.

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Definies the mechanical characteristics of the body in the form of whole body mechanical input impedance. Information is restricted to the frequency range from 0,5 to 30 Hz and for a limited number of body positions.

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