This document specifies the omnidirectional media format for coding, storage, delivery and rendering of omnidirectional media, including video, images, audio and timed text. Omnidirectional image or video can contain graphics elements generated by computer graphics but encoded as image or video. Multiple viewpoints, each corresponding to an omnidirectional camera, are supported. The document also specifies storage and delivery of overlay images or video intended to be rendered over the omnidirectional background image or video.

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This document specifies the framework of a real-time IoT (RT-IoT) system, including: RT-IoT system conceptual model based on domain-based IoT reference model defined in ISO/IECÂ 30141; impacts of real-time parameters in terms of four viewpoints (time, communication, control and computation).

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This document specifies mechanisms for cross-domain password-based authenticated key exchange, all of which are four-party password-based authenticated key exchange (4PAKE) protocols. Such protocols let two communicating entities establish a shared session key using just the login passwords that they share with their respective domain authentication servers. The authentication servers, assumed to be part of a standard public key infrastructure (PKI), act as ephemeral certification authorities (CAs) that certify key materials that the users can subsequently use to exchange and agree on as a session key. This document does not specify the means to be used to establish a shared password between an entity and its corresponding domain server. This document also does not define the implementation of a PKI and the means for two distinct domain servers to exchange or verify their respective public key certificates.

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This document is part of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) and defines notation for parameterization of ASN.1 specifications.

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This document specifies a set of Basic Octet Encoding Rules (BASIC-OER) that may be used to derive a transfer syntax for values of the types defined in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824-1, Rec. ITU‑T X.681 | ISO/IEC 8824-2, Rec. ITU-T X.682 | ISO/IEC 8824-3, Rec. ITU-T X.683 | ISO/IEC 8824-4. This document also specifies a set of Canonical Octet Encoding Rules (CANONICAL-OER) which provides constraints on the Basic Octet Encoding Rules and produces a unique encoding for any given ASN.1 value. It is implicit in the specification of these encoding rules that they are also to be used for decoding. The encoding rules specified in this document: –     are used at the time of communication; –     are intended for use in circumstances where encoding/decoding speed is the major concern in the choice of encoding rules; –     allow the extension of an abstract syntax by addition of extra values for all forms of extensibility described in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824‑1.

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This document provides a standard notation called Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) that is used for the definition of data types, values, and constraints on data types. This document: –     defines a number of simple types, with their tags, and specifies a notation for referencing these types and for specifying values of these types; –     defines mechanisms for constructing new types from more basic types, and specifies a notation for defining such types and assigning them tags, and for specifying values of these types; –     defines character sets (by reference to other Recommendations and/or International Standards) for use within ASN.1. The ASN.1 notation can be applied whenever it is necessary to define the abstract syntax of information. The ASN.1 notation is referenced by other standards which define encoding rules for the ASN.1 types.

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This document specifies a set of basic XML Encoding Rules (BASIC-XER) that may be used to derive a transfer syntax for values of types defined in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824-1 and Rec. ITU-T X.681 | ISO/IEC 8824-2. This document also specifies a set of Canonical XML Encoding Rules (CXER) which provide constraints on the basic XML Encoding Rules and produce a unique encoding for any given ASN.1 value. This document further specifies a set of extended XML Encoding Rules (EXTENDED-XER) which adds further encoders options, and also allows the ASN.1 specifier to vary the encoding that would be produced by BASIC-XER. It is implicit in the specification of these encoding rules that they are also used for decoding. The encoding rules specified in this document : –     are used at the time of communication; –     are intended for use in circumstances where displaying of values and/or processing them using commonly available XML tools (such as browsers) is the major concern in the choice of encoding rules; –     allow the extension of an abstract syntax by addition of extra values for all forms of extensibility described in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824‑1. This document also specifies the syntax and semantics of XER encoding instructions, and the rules for their assignment and combination. XER encoding instructions can be used to control the EXTENDED-XER encoding for specific ASN.1 types.

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This document is part of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) and provides notation for specifying user-defined constraints, table constraints, and contents constraints.

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This document specifies a set of JavaScript Object Notation Encoding Rules (JER) that may be used to derive a transfer syntax for values of types defined in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824-1, Rec. ITU-T X.681 | ISO/IEC 8824-2, Rec. ITU-T X.682 | ISO/IEC 8824-3 and Rec. ITU-T X.683 | ISO/IEC 8824-4. It is implicit in the specification of these encoding rules that they are also to be used for decoding. The encoding rules specified in this document: –     are used at the time of communication; –     are intended for use in circumstances where interoperability with applications using JSON is the major concern in the choice of encoding rules; –     allow the extension of an abstract syntax by addition of extra values for all forms of extensibility described in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824‑1. This document also specifies the syntax and semantics of JER encoding instructions, as well as the rules for their assignment and combination. JER encoding instructions can be used to control JER encoding for specific Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) types.

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This document specifies a metadata structure to store, present and exchange online learning facilitator (OLF) information by specifying the data elements and their attributes to describe facilitator’s information on various kinds of online education platforms. This document provides a generic information model of OLF to describe relevant information that applies to the facilitation and training services provided online, and includes information about the person offering facilitation, the affiliation of the person, facilitation ability, facilitation practices, the facilitation service offered, learners’ reviews and testimonies, and related social network information. The conceptual data model allows the linguistic diversity of OLF information attributes and offers a flexible metadata schema to describe them. NOTE 1   Although this document provides suggestions on how to designate metadata elements that require privacy protection, it does not provide detailed methods or techniques for how to implement privacy protection measures. NOTE 2   For metadata with privacy, the application profile in ISO/IEC 19788-1 can be used to tag data elements concerning privacy and define them with conditions. OLF information privacy protection methods and techniques, such as privacy-by-design, can be selected and applied as needed by implementers.

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This document: a) specifies the information needed and the format to be used for specifying PER encoding instructions; b) specifies the mechanisms for approving new PER encoding instructions from time to time and the operation of the Registration Authority for PER encoding instructions; c) specifies the means of associating a PER encoding instruction with an ASN.1 type using both type prefixes and an encoding control section.

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This document specifies the command set host systems use to access storage devices. It provides a common command set for systems manufacturers, system integrators, software suppliers, and suppliers of intelligent storage devices. This document maintains compatibility with the ACS-2 standard, ISO/IEC 17760-102, while providing additional functions.

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This document specifies a set of Packed Encoding Rules that may be used to derive a transfer syntax for values of types defined in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824-1. These Packed Encoding Rules are also to be applied for decoding such a transfer syntax in order to identify the data values being transferred. The encoding rules specified in this document : –     are used at the time of communication; –     are intended for use in circumstances where minimizing the size of the representation of values is the major concern in the choice of encoding rules; –     allow the extension of an abstract syntax by addition of extra values, preserving the encodings of the existing values, for all forms of extension described in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824‑1; –     can be modified in accordance with the provisions of Rec. ITU-T X.695 | ISO/IEC 8825‑6.

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This document defines a notation for specifying encodings of ASN.1 types or of parts of types. It provides several mechanisms for such specification, including: –     direct specification of the encoding using standardized notation; –     specification of the encoding by reference to standardized encoding rules; –     specification of the encoding of an ASN.1 type by reference to an encoding structure; –     specification of the encoding using non-ECN notation. It also provides the means to link the specification of encodings to the type definitions to which they are to be applied. ECN does not currently provide any support for specifications using the OID internationalized resource identifier type or the relative OID internationalized resource identifier type (see Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824-1), and these are not referred to further in this Standard.

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This document is part of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) and provides notation for specifying information object classes, information objects and information object sets.

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This document specifies a set of basic encoding rules that may be used to derive the specification of a transfer syntax for values of types defined using the notation specified in Rec. ITU-T X.680 | ISO/IEC 8824‑1, Rec. ITU-T X.681 | ISO/IEC 8824-2, Rec. ITU-T X.682 | ISO/IEC 8824-3, and Rec. ITU-T X.683 | ISO/IEC 8824-4, collectively referred to as Abstract Syntax Notation One or ASN.1. These basic encoding rules are also to be applied for decoding such a transfer syntax in order to identify the data values being transferred. It also specifies a set of canonical and distinguished encoding rules that restrict the encoding of values to just one of the alternatives provided by the basic encoding rules.

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This document specifies two versions of a mapping from any XSD Schema into an Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) schema. The ASN.1 schema for both versions support the same semantics and validate the same set of XML documents. This document specifies the final XER encoding instructions that are to be applied as part of the defined mapping to ASN.1 types, but does not specify which syntactic form is to be used for the specification of those final XER encoding instructions, or the order or manner of their assignment. NOTE – Implementers of tools generating these mappings may choose any syntactic form or order of assignment that results in the specified final XER encoding instructions being applied. Examples in this document generally use the type prefix form, but use of an XER Encoding Control Section may be preferred for the mapping of a complete XSD Schema, as a matter of style. There are different ways (syntactically) of assigning XER encoding instructions for use in EXTENDED-XER encodings (e.g., use of ASN.1 type prefix encoding instructions or use of an XER encoding control section). The choice of these syntactic forms is a matter of style and lies outside the scope of this document.

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This document specifies MAC algorithms that use a secret key and a hash-function (or its round-function or sponge function) to calculate an m-bit MAC. These mechanisms can be used as data integrity mechanisms to verify that data has not been altered in an unauthorized manner. NOTE      A general framework for the provision of integrity services is specified in ISO/IEC 10181‑6.

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This document establishes requirements for the annotation of humans, human faces and other body parts, and arbitrary objects appearing in imagery. It specifies the following: —   metadata to be inserted in a video stream; —   encoding of full and partial spatial and temporal ground truth information for: —   objects present in a video, and —   objects absent in a video; —   procedures for different annotation of known and unknown subjects. This document does not specify: —   encoding of video data.

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This document specifies the syntax, semantics and decoding for visual volumetric media using video‑based coding methods. This document also specifies processes that can be needed for reconstruction of visual volumetric media, which can also include additional processes such as post‑decoding, pre-reconstruction, post‑reconstruction and adaptation.

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This document introduces the effects of population demographics on biometric functions. It: —   establishes terms and definitions relevant to the study of demographic factors in biometric recognition system performance; —   identifies areas where biometric systems can exhibit different performances based on different demographic factors of the individuals submitting the biometric samples; —   explains how different demographic factors can influence the biometric characteristics captured by different biometric modalities and how these influences can affect biometric performance measures; —   presents a case study on existing scientific material that explores the impact of demographic factors on biometric system performance. Only biometric modalities where quantitative information is available on the impact of demographic factors are considered. Outside of the scope of this document are: —   effects of disease and injury on biometric performance; and —   how religious and cultural norms can affect biometric operations.

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This document specifies application platform energy effectiveness (APEE) as a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) which quantifies the energy effectiveness of an application platform for an IT service in data centres. This KPI evaluates the energy consumption of an application platform prior to deployment. The purpose of this KPI is to measure the energy effectiveness of a set of target IT equipment, operating systems and middleware, to enable the selection of an energy effective IT stack. This document specifies a formula for calculating APEE and definitions of components of the formula. This document specifies a measurement method for assessing and reporting the energy effectiveness of an application platform. This document also specifies requirements for benchmarks to be used for APEE and requirements for reporting. The following topics are outside of the scope of this document: 1)Â Â Â KPIs intended to solely evaluate the energy effectiveness of target IT equipment hardware, 2)Â Â Â energy effectiveness of data centre facilities.

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This document specifies —   generic extensible data interchange formats for the representation of vascular image data: a tagged binary data format based on an extensible specification in ASN.1 and a textual data format based on an XML schema definition that are both capable of holding the same information, —   examples of data record contents, —   application specific requirements, recommendations, and best practices in data acquisition, and —   conformance test assertions and conformance test procedures applicable to this document.

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This document specifies immersive media metrics and the measurement framework. The immersive media metrics can be collected by service providers and used to enhance the immersive media quality and experiences. This document also includes a client reference model with observation and measurement points for collection of the metrics.

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This document is intended to provide a generic extensible full body image data format for biometric recognition applications requiring exchange of human full body image data. Typical applications are: a) automated body biometric verification and identification of an unknown individual or cadaver (one-to-one as well as one-to-many comparison); b) support for human verification of identity by comparison of individuals against full body images; and c) support for human examination of full body images with sufficient resolution to allow a human examiner to verify identity or identify a living individual or a cadaver. This document ensures that full human body images and image sequence data generated by video surveillance and other similar systems are suitable for identification and verification. The structure of the data format in this document is compatible with ISO/IEC 39794-5. In addition to the data format, this document specifies application-specific profiles including scene constraints, photographic properties and digital image attributes like image spatial sampling rate, image size, etc. These application profiles are contained in a series of annexes. The 3D encoding types "3D point map" and "range image" are not supported by this document.

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This document specifies examples of application-specific requirements, recommendations and best practices in data acquisition applicable to gait image sequence data. Its typical applications include: a) support for human examination of high-resolution video and still images; b) support for human biometric verification and identification based on video and still images; c) automated gait image sequence verification and identification. This document ensures that image sequences are suitable for human identification and human verification generated by video surveillance and other similar systems. The following topics are not in scope of this document: —   Definitions for facial and/or full body image related biometric profiles, which are fully covered in ISO/IEC 39794-5 and ISO/IEC 39794-16 respectively. —   Security aspects like digital image sequence electronic signature, Presentation Attack Detection (PAD) and morphing prevention.

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This document specifies requirements and provides guidance for certification bodies providing audit and certification of an ITAMS in accordance with ISO/IEC 19770-1. It does not change the requirements specified in ISO/IEC 19770-1. This document can also be used by accreditation bodies for the accreditation of certification bodies. However, this document does not specify requirements or provides guidance for accreditation bodies to audit certification bodies. A certification body providing ITAMS certification is expected to be able to demonstrate fulfilment of the requirements specified in this document, in addition to the requirements in ISO/IEC 17021-1.

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This document specifies the assessment of conformance to ISO/IEC 15938-15 as well as the reference software.

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This document defines a test method to evaluate the interference rejection performance of tags covered by ISO/IECÂ 18000-63 and a heterogeneous wireless system using different access technologies, e.g. radio frequency identification and cell phone network. It specifies the general requirements and test requirements. The test method in this document makes it possible to compare the relative interference rejection performance among tags under a single wireless interference environment. In addition, this document can be used in a benchmarking test according to requirements in a given application or service.

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This document provides guidance and recommendations for assurance of a selected claim about the system-of-interest by achieving the claim and showing the achievement. The guidance and recommendations are given in a system assurance process view on top of ISO/IEC/IEEEÂ 15288 and a software assurance process view on top of ISO/IEC/IEEEÂ 12207.

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This document: —   establishes general principles for testing the performance of biometrics systems in terms of error rates and throughput rates for purposes including measurement of performance, prediction of performance, comparison of performance, and verifying conformance with specified performance requirements; —   specifies performance metrics for biometric systems; —   specifies requirements on the recording of test data and reporting of test results; and —   specifies requirements on test protocols in order to: —   reduce bias due to inappropriate data collection or analytic procedures; —   help achieve the best estimate of field performance for the expended effort; —   improve understanding of the limits of applicability of the test results. This document is applicable to empirical performance testing of biometric systems and algorithms through analysis of the comparison scores and decisions output by the system, without requiring detailed knowledge of the system’s algorithms or of the underlying distribution of biometric characteristics in the population of interest. Not within the scope of this document is the measurement of error and throughput rates for people deliberately trying to subvert the intended operation of the biometric system (e.g. by presentation attacks).

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This document specifies the requirements for a protocol derived from HCI/HCP (see ETSI TSÂ 102 622) enabling communication for devices regardless of data link and physical layers. This document covers the following: a)Â Â outline of a system comprised of one or more hosts and one controller; b)Â Â extension of connection topology between hosts and host controller (i.e. star topology and additional other topologies); c)Â Â segregation between existing system using ETSI TS102 613 and new system compliant to this document (this document refers ETSI TS 102 613, but does not change its specification and does not use RFU). For ETSI TSÂ 102 622, data link layer and physical layer like SWP specified in ETSI TSÂ 102 613 is out of the scope. Albeit questioned in this document, the duplication of OSI transport layer by e.g. enforcing encapsulation of HCP into T=1 or the reverse, is out of the scope.

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This document describes common industry representation practices for the usage of video signal type code points, as these properties are conveyed across video content production and distribution carriage systems.

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This document provides general information about coding efficiency measurement practices for video coding. This document does not provide recommendations for evaluating video quality; it describes the practices that have recently been followed for coding efficiency experiments conducted during work to develop video coding standards.

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This document provides a collection of representative use cases of AI applications in a variety of domains.

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This document provides an explanation of considerations involved in defining a process. This document gives requirements and recommendations for the description of processes by identifying elements and rules for their formulation. This document also describes the use of process views. This document explains how conformance to a process can be defined, when the process is described in accordance with this document. This document does not describe how processes are composed or otherwise aggregated into larger frameworks or life cycle models. Nor does the document cover how to assess or evaluate the performance of a process, or the output (products) of a process. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â Â Two prominent International Standards in process description for software and system engineering are ISO/IEC/IEEEÂ 12207 and ISO/IEC/IEEEÂ 15288. These two standards have very similar process models. The information items associated with their process definitions are given in ISO/IEC/IEEEÂ 15289. Other International Standards provide further characterization of a single life cycle process by elaborating the process elements and levying specific requirements on the execution of the process. This document is applicable when processes are described for various process definitions in any party, organization or standard relating to systems and software engineering processes.

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This document lists all the test conditions to be performed on a PT reader or a PT object in order to ensure that all the requirements specified in ISO/IEC TS 24192-1 are met for the PT device under test. This document applies to PT devices only: —   PT readers which are contactless fare management system terminals acting as a PCD contactless reader based on ISO/IEC 14443 (all parts); —   PT objects which are contactless fare media acting as a PICC contactless object based on ISO/IEC 14443 (all parts). This document applies solely to the contactless communication layers described in ISO/IEC 14443 (all parts). Application-to-application exchanges executed once contactless communication has been established at RF level fall outside the scope of this document. However, a test application is used to make end-to-end transactions during tests on the RF communication layer. This document does not duplicate the contents of ISO/IEC 14443 (all parts) or ISO/IEC 10373‑6. It makes reference to the ISO/IEC 10373‑6 applicable test methods, specifies the test conditions to be used and describes the additional specific test conditions that can be run.

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