This document specifies the chemical composition limits for aluminium casting alloys and mechanical properties of separately cast test pieces for these alloys.
Annex C is included as a guide to the selection of alloys for a specific use or process.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 576, EN 1559-1, EN 1559-4, EN 1676 and EN ISO 8062-3.

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This document specifies an infrared absorption method after combustion in an induction furnace for
the determination of the low carbon content in unalloyed steel.
The method is applicable to carbon contents between 0,000 3 % (mass fraction) and 0,009 % (mass
fraction).

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This document describes the classification, method of sample preparation, certification main rules and certificate content of the EURONORM-CRMs.
It also details the sample presentation of the various producers' organizations and the distributing sources.

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This document specifies the chemical composition limits of wrought aluminium and wrought aluminium alloys and form of products.
NOTE   The chemical composition limits of aluminium and aluminium alloys specified herein are completely identical with those registered with the Aluminium Association, 1525, Wilson Boulevard, Suite 600, Arlington, VA 22209, USA, for the corresponding alloys.

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This document specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of lead content in non-alloy and low alloy steels.
The method is applicable to lead contents between 0,005 % and 0,5 %.
The method can be adapted to lower or higher lead contents by changing the test portion or the dilution process, provided the criteria in 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 are still met.

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This document specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of nickel content in steels and cast irons.
The method is applicable to nickel contents between 0,004 % and 2,0 %.
The method can be adapted to lower or higher nickel contents by changing the test portion or the dilution process, provided the criteria in 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 are still met.

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This document specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of calcium content in non-alloy and low alloy steels.
The method is applicable to calcium contents between 0,000 4 % and 0,012 %.
The method can be adapted to higher calcium contents by changing the test portion or the dilution process, provided the criteria in 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 are still met.

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This document specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of nickel content in steels and cast irons.
The method is applicable to nickel contents between 0,004 % (weight percent) and 2,0 % (weight percent).
The method can be adapted to lower or higher nickel contents by changing the test portion or the dilution process, provided the criteria in 6.2.2 and 6.2.3 are still met.

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This document specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of calcium content in non-alloy and low alloy steels.
The method is applicable to calcium contents between 4 µg/g and 120 µg/g.
The method can be adapted to higher calcium contents by changing the test portion or the dilution process, provided the criteria in 6.2.2 and 6.2.3 are still met.

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This document specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of lead content in non-alloy and low alloy steels.
The method is applicable to lead contents between 0,005 % (weight percent) and 0,5 % (weight percent).
The method can be adapted to lower or higher lead contents by changing the test portion or the dilution process, provided the criteria in 6.2.2 and 6.2.3 are still met.

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This document describes the criteria and operation procedure for carrying out spark optical emission spectrometry (S-OES) on metal samples. The scope of this standard covers the following:
-   sample preparation;
-   operational guidelines for an optical emission spectrometer (including self-maintenance);
-   traceability of the analytical results to the international base units — mass (kg);
-   assessing the uncertainty associated with each analytical result.
This document refers to simultaneous spark emission spectrometers for the analysis of solid samples.
It applies to the determination of silicon, iron, copper, manganese, magnesium, chromium, nickel, zinc, titanium, boron, gallium, vanadium, beryllium, bismuth, calcium, cadmium, cobalt, lithium, sodium, phosphorus, lead, antimony, tin, strontium and zirconium in aluminium and aluminium alloys.
Elements other than those listed above may be analysed on the condition that:
a)   suitable reference materials are available; and
b)   the instrument is suitably calibrated and equipped.
In the case of determining mercury, for compliance purposes an alternate method with a limit of quantification < 0,000 1 % is recommended as its detection is compromised by intense iron interference at 253,65 nm.
The test result obtained from a spark optical emission spectrometer generally uses a sampling mass of less than one milligram per spark spot. The result can be used to refer to the laboratory test sample, to the aluminium or aluminium alloy melt or to the cast product.

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This document describes the criteria and the procedure for analysing aluminium and aluminium alloys with spark optical emission spectrometry (S-OES). The scope of this document covers the following:
-   sample preparation;
-   operational guidelines for an optical emission spectrometer (including maintenance);
-   traceability of the analytical results to the International System of units: mass (kg);
-   assessing the uncertainty associated with each analytical result.
This document refers to simultaneous spark emission spectrometers for the analysis of solid samples.
It applies to the determination of silicon, iron, copper, manganese, magnesium, chromium, nickel, zinc, titanium, boron, gallium, vanadium, beryllium, bismuth, calcium, cadmium, cobalt, lithium, sodium, phosphorus, lead, antimony, tin, strontium and zirconium in aluminium and aluminium alloys.
Elements other than those listed above may be analysed on the condition that:
a) suitable reference materials are available; and
b) the instrument is suitably calibrated and equipped.
In the case of determining mercury, for compliance purposes an alternate method with a limit of quantification < 0,000 1 % is recommended as its detection is compromised by intense iron interference at 253,65 nm.
The test result obtained from a spark optical emission spectrometer generally concerns an amount of less than one milligram per spark spot. The result can be used to refer to the laboratory test sample, to the aluminium or aluminium alloy melt or to the cast product.

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This document specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of nitrogen in steel.
The method is applicable to the determination of nitrogen mass fraction between 0,000 6 % and
0,050 % in low alloy steels and between 0,010 % and 0,050 % in high alloy steels.
The method does not apply to samples containing silicon nitrides or having silicon contents higher
than 0,6 %.

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The present Technical Report gives guidance regarding the chemical composition controls of steels (except chrome plated products) and cast irons in respect of the European legislation, namely Directives 2011/65/EU (RoHS) [1], repealing 2002/95/EU, the Commission Delegated Directive EU 2015/863 amending Annex II to Directive 2011/65/EU [10] and 2000/53/EC (ELV) [2].
These Directives require the characterization of these materials for Cadmium (Cd), hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)), mercury (Hg), Lead (Pb), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and the four phthalates DEHP, BBP DBP and DIBP. Nevertheless, the Directives do not reflect the correspondence between these elements/compounds and the normal composition of each material concerned. In other words, for every material there is an obligation to determine all the compounds listed, independently of the relevance of such controls.

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The present Technical Report gives guidance regarding the chemical composition controls of steels (except chrome plated products) and cast irons in respect of the European legislation, namely Directives 2011/65/EU (RoHS) [1], repealing 2002/95/EU, the Commission Delegated Directive EU 2015/863 amending Annex II to Directive 2011/65/EU [10] and 2000/53/EC (ELV) [2].
These Directives require the characterization of these materials for Cadmium (Cd), hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)), mercury (Hg), Lead (Pb), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and the four phthalates DEHP, BBP DBP and DIBP. Nevertheless, the Directives do not reflect the correspondence between these elements/compounds and the normal composition of each material concerned. In other words, for every material there is an obligation to determine all the compounds listed, independently of the relevance of such controls.

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This document lists, under Clause 3, the European Standards which are currently available for the determination of the chemical composition of steels and cast irons.
In Clause 4, this Technical Report provides details on the range of application and gives the principle of the method for each standard.
Annex A gives a list of other European Standards and CEN Technical Reports applicable for the determination of the chemical composition of steels and cast irons.
Annex B gives a list of withdrawn Euronorms, together with the corresponding replacement European Standards, if any.
Annex C shows graphical representations of the content ranges of the methods available in this Technical Report. Figure C.1 gives the content ranges of the referee methods, Figure C.2 gives the content ranges of the routine methods and Figure C.3 represents the fields of application of all the methods available.
Annex D provides a trilingual key of the abbreviations used in the Figures given in Annex C.
NOTE Three methods applicable for the analysis of some ferro-alloys are listed in Annex A.

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This document lists, under Clause 4, the European Standards which are currently available for the determination of the chemical composition of steels and cast irons.
In Clause 5, this document provides details on the range of application and gives the principle of the method described in each standard.
Items which are under preparation as European Standards or as CEN Technical Reports by ECISS/TC 102 are available on the webpage of CEN, through the link https://standards.cen.eu/dyn/www/f?p=204:22:0::::FSP_ORG_ID:733643&cs=123E58BF77E3DE921F548B80C5FF2E5D4.
Annex A gives a list of other European Standards and CEN Technical Reports applicable for the determination of the chemical composition of steels and cast irons.
Annex B gives a list of withdrawn Euronorms, together with the corresponding replacement European Standards, if any.
Annex C shows graphical representations of the content ranges of the methods listed in this document. Figure C.1 gives the content ranges of the referee methods, Figure C.2 gives the content ranges of the routine methods and Figure C.3 represents the fields of application of all the methods described.
Annex D provides a trilingual key of the abbreviations used in the Figures given in Annex C.
NOTE   Three methods applicable for the analysis of some ferro-alloys are listed in Annex A.

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This document specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of total silicon in steel and
cast iron using reduced molybdosilicate.
The method is applicable to the determination of silicon mass fraction between 0,05 % and 1,0 %.

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This part of ISO 4829 specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of total silicon in
steels using reduced molybdosilicate.
The method is applicable to silicon contents between 0,01 % and 0,05 % (mass fraction) in steels.

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This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of nickel in steel and iron by
gravimetry or titrimetry.
The method is applicable to nickel contents from 1 % to 30 % (mass fraction).

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ISO 4829-2:2016 specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of total silicon in steels using reduced molybdosilicate.
The method is applicable to silicon contents between 0,01 % and 0,05 % (mass fraction) in steels.

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ISO 4938:2016 specifies a method for the determination of nickel in steel and iron by gravimetry or titrimetry.
The method is applicable to nickel contents from 1 % to 30 % (mass fraction).

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This document specifies an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometric method for the determination of nickel content (mass fraction) between 5,0 % (m/m) and 25,0 % (m/m) in alloyed steels.
The method doesn't apply to alloyed steels having Niobium and/or Tungsten contents higher than 0,1 %.

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This European Standard specifies an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometric method for the determination of nickel content (mass fraction) between 5,0 % and 25,0 % in alloyed steels.
The method does not apply to alloyed steels having niobium and/or tungsten contents higher than 0,1 %.

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This European Standard specifies a routine method for the analysis of copper and copper alloys by spark source optical emission spectrometry (S-OES). The method is applicable to all elements except copper commonly present in copper and copper alloys present as impurities or minor or main constituents, and detectable by S-OES.

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This European Standard specifies a routine method for the analysis of copper and copper alloys by spark source optical emission spectrometry (S-OES). The method is applicable to all elements except copper commonly present in copper and copper alloys present as impurities or minor or main constituents, and detectable by S-OES.

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This European Standard specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of the manganese content of copper and copper alloys in the form of unwrought, wrought and cast products.
The method is applicable to products having manganese mass fractions between 0,001 0 % and 6,0 %.

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This European Standard specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of the manganese content of copper and copper alloys in the form of unwrought, wrought and cast products.
The method is applicable to products having manganese mass fractions between 0,001 0 % and 6,0 %.

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This Technical Report specifies an electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of selenium in steels.
The method is applicable to selenium contents between 0,000 4 % (m/m) and 0,02 % (m/m).

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This Technical Report specifies an electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of selenium in steels.
The method is applicable to selenium contents between 0,000 4 % (m/m) and 0,02 % (m/m).

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This European Standard specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of titanium in steels and cast irons. The method is applicable to non-alloyed and alloyed steels and cast irons with titanium contents of 0,01 % to 1,0 % (m/m).

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This International Standard specifies methods for preparing a sample from one or more sintered parts to be analysed for free or total carbon content. Combined carbon is determined as the difference between total and free carbon. This standard covers the preparation of samples for the determination of carbon by a chemical method, i.e. combustion in oxygen and measurement of the carbon dioxide produced, in accordance with ISO 437. It does not cover the preparation of samples for carbon determination by physical methods, such as metallography or spectroscopy.

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This European Standard specifies an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry routine method for the analysis of unalloyed and low alloyed steels, whose iron content shall be at least 95 %. This standard differs from the similar standard EN 10351:2011 in that it is optimised for the determination of silicon. This method is applicable to the elements listed in Table 1 within the ranges shown. The sample preparation described may not completely dissolve samples having a combination of high chromium and substantial carbon. Incomplete dissolution may also affect the determination of manganese and molybdenum in these samples. For this reason, the scope of the method is limited to chromium contents ≤ 0,9 %, whereas the scope of EN 10351 covers a range of up to 1,6 % chromium.

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This European Standard specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method for the determination of titanium in steels and cast irons. The method is applicable to non-alloyed and alloyed steels and cast irons with titanium contents of 0,01 % to 1,0 % (m/m).

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This European Standard specifies an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry routine method for the analysis of unalloyed and low alloyed steels, whose iron content shall be at least 95 %. This standard differs from the similar standard EN 10351:2011 in that it is optimised for the determination of silicon.
This method is applicable to the elements listed in Table 1 within the ranges shown.
The sample preparation described may not completely dissolve samples having a combination of high chromium and substantial carbon. Incomplete dissolution may also affect the determination of manganese and molybdenum in these samples. For this reason, the scope of the method is limited to chromium contents = 0,9 %, whereas the scope of EN 10351 covers a range of up to 1,6 % chromium.
Table 1 - Application ranges
Element   Mass fraction %
   min.   max.
Si   0,020   0,45
Mn   0,005   1,40
P   0,005   0,10
Cu   0,005   0,60
Ni   0,010   2,00
Cr   0,010   0,90
Mo   0,005   0,60
Sn   0,010   0,10
NOTE   For tin, see NOTE 2 under Clause 11.
In all cases, the ranges specified can be extended or adapted (after validation) for the determination of other mass fractions, provided that the iron content in the samples under concern is above 95 %.
Other elements may be included. However such elements and their mass fractions should be carefully checked, taking into account the possible interferences, the sensitivity, the resolution and the linearity criteria of each instrument and each wavelength.
Depending also on the sensitivity of each instrument, suitable dilutions of the calibration and the test sample solutions may be necessary.
Moreover, even if the method described is "multi elemental", it is not absolutely necessary to carry out the determination of all the elements of its scope simultaneously. The measurement conditions have to be optimised by each laboratory, depending on the performances of each apparatus available.

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The present statistical procedure describes how to check results for absence of bias by comparison of these analytical results with those obtained during the certification of CRMs. If the resulting data confirm the absence of bias, the method may be considered accurate when applied to all steels and irons whose composition ranges are adequately covered or bounded by the CRMs used. The resulting data give also an estimate of the repeatability and/or the intermediate precision ("intralaboratory reproducibility") for the CRMs used. The comparison of these analytical data with the repeatability data obtained during the certification may also be performed depending on the strict purpose of the method under consideration. For the purpose of this Technical Report, the use of existing CRMs is essential for the assessment of the trueness, but it may be only indicative for the other statistical data.

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This European Standard specifies an electrometric titration method for the determination of manganese in steels and irons. The method is applicable to unalloyed, low alloy or alloyed steels and to irons with manganese contents greater than or equal to 0,5 % (m/m).

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This European Standard specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of boron in steel. The method is applicable to non-alloyed and alloyed steels with boron contents of 0,000 4 to 0,0120 % (m/m).

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The present statistical procedure describes how to check results for absence of bias by comparison of these analytical results with those obtained during the certification of CRMs.
If the resulting data confirm the absence of bias, the method may be considered accurate when applied to all steels and irons whose composition ranges are adequately covered or bounded by the CRMs used.
The resulting data give also an estimate of the repeatability and/or the intermediate precision ("intralaboratory reproducibility") for the CRMs used. The comparison of these analytical data with the repeatability data obtained during the certification may also be performed depending on the strict purpose of the method under consideration.
For the purpose of this Technical Report, the use of existing CRMs is essential for the assessment of the trueness, but it may be only indicative for the other statistical data.
NOTE   This Technical Report does not describe the use of CRMs as calibrants, this subject being treated in ISO Guide 32.

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This European Standard specifies a spectrophotometric method for the determination of boron in steels. The method is applicable to non-alloyed and alloyed steels with boron contents of 0,000 4 to 0,012 0 % (m/m).

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This European Standard specifies an electrometric titration method for the determination of manganese in steels and irons.
The method is applicable to unalloyed, low alloy or alloyed steels and to irons with manganese contents greater than or equal to 0,5 % (m/m).

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This Technical Specification specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of the tellurium content of copper and copper alloys in form of castings or unwrought or wrought products.
The method is applicable to products having tellurium mass fractions between 0,000 2 % and 0,020 %.

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This Technical Report describes an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometric method for the determination of Al, Ti and P contents in Ferro Silicon materials.
The method is applicable to:
- Al content between 0,2 and 2 %;
- Ti content between 0,02 and 0,25 %;
- P content between 0,005 and 0,05 %.
This Technical Report also describes the general requirements for analysis by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, the preparation and dissolution of the test sample and the method of calculation of the results.
The procedure is valid for the analytical lines given in Table 1. This table also gives, for each line, the spectral interferences, which must be accurately corrected.
NOTE   The interferences extend as well as other possible interferences depend on the temperature in the plasma and on the optical resolution of the spectrometer used.
Table 1 - Spectral lines suggested together with the interferences which shall be corrected
Element   Wavelength (nm)   Interferences
Al   308,22   V
Ti   337,28   V, Ni
P   178,29   Mo

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This Technical Report describes a X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometric method for the determination of Si and Al contents in Ferro Silicon materials.
The method is applicable to:
- Si content between 40 and 90 %;
- Al content between 0,5 and 6 %.
The Technical Report specifies the general requirements for analysis by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and the preparation of the test sample.
The correction of the spectrometric measurement from spectral interferences on the analytical lines used is essential. This Technical Report is valid for the analytical lines:
- Si Kα 7.126 (for element contents between 45 and 90 %);
- Al Kα 8.339 (for element contents between 0,8 and 6 %);
- Fe Kα 1.937 (for element contents between 10 and 58 %).
NOTE   For matrix matching purposes, iron is included in the analytical program to be prepared.
Within the conditions here above, spectral interferences don’t need to be calculated.

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This document specifies an inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry routine method for the analysis of unalloyed and low alloyed steels.

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This European Standard specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of the tellurium content of copper and copper alloys in form of castings or unwrought or wrought products. The method is applicable to products having tellurium mass fractions between 0,20 % and 1,00 %.

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This European Standard specifies two flame atomic absorption spectrometric methods (FAAS) for the determination of the silver content of copper and copper alloys in the form of unwrought, wrought and cast products. The methods are applicable to products having silver mass fractions between 0,01 % and 2,0 %.
a) Method A is applicable to copper and copper alloys having silver mass fractions between 0,01 % and 1,0 % and containing antimony or tin not greater than 0,005 0 % or silicon not greater than 0,010 %.
b) Method B is applicable to copper and copper alloys having silver mass fractions between 0,01 % and 2,0 % and antimony or tin greater than 0,005 % and silicon greater than 0,010 %.

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This European Standard specifies two flame atomic absorption spectrometric methods (FAAS) for the determination of the silver content of copper and copper alloys in the form of unwrought, wrought and cast products.
The methods are applicable to products having silver mass fractions between 0,01 % and 2,0 %.
a)   Method A is applicable to copper and copper alloys having silver mass fractions between 0,01 % and 1,0 % and containing antimony or tin not greater than 0,005 0 % or silicon not greater than 0,010 %.
b)   Method B is applicable to copper and copper alloys having silver mass fractions between 0,01 % and 2,0 % and antimony or tin greater than 0,005 % and silicon greater than 0,010 %.

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This European Standard specifies a flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (FAAS) for the determination of the tellurium content of copper and copper alloys in form of castings or unwrought or wrought products.
The method is applicable to products having tellurium mass fractions between 0,20 % and 1,00 %.

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This part of this document specifies a titrimetric method for the determination of the chromium content of
copper and copper alloys in the form of castings or unwrought or wrought products.
The method is applicable to products having chromium mass fractions between 0,10 % and 2,0 %.

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