This document describes test methods for the determination of the soluble binder content of samples of bituminous mixtures.
The test methods described are suitable for quality control purposes during the production of plant mix and for checking compliance with a product specification.
For the analysis of mixtures containing modified binders, the guidance of Annex D should be followed.

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This document specifies test methods for determining the bulk density of a compacted bituminous specimen. The test methods are intended for use with laboratory compacted specimens or specimens from the pavement after placement and compacting, either by coring or sawing.
This document specifies the following four procedures, the choice of which is used being dependent on the estimated content and accessibility of voids in the specimen:
a)   bulk density - dry (for specimens with a very closed surface);
b)   bulk density - saturated surface dry (SSD) (for specimens with a closed surface);
c)   bulk density - sealed specimen (for specimens with an open or coarse surface);
d)   bulk density by dimensions (for specimens with a regular surface and with geometric shapes, i.e. squares, rectangles, cylinders, etc.).
NOTE   Annex A (informative) gives general guidance on selecting the appropriate procedure.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the stability, flow and the Marshall quotient values of specimens of bituminous mixtures mixed according to EN 12697-35 and prepared using the impact compactor method of test EN 12697-30. It is limited to dense graded asphalt concrete and hot rolled asphalt.

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This document specifies procedures for the determination of the affinity between aggregate and bitumen and its influence on the susceptibility of the combination to stripping. This property is intended to be of assistance to the designer for mixture design rather than as a type test. Susceptibility to stripping, as determined by these procedures, is an indirect measure of the power of a binder to adhere to various aggregates, or of various binders to adhere to a given aggregate. The procedures can also be used to evaluate the effect of moisture on a given aggregate-binder combination with or without adhesion agents including liquids, such as amines, and fillers, such as hydrated lime or cement.
In the rolling bottle method, the affinity is expressed by visual registration of the degree of bitumen coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated mineral aggregate particles after influence of mechanical stirring action in the presence of water.
NOTE 1   The rolling bottle test is a simple but subjective test and suitable for routine testing. It is not appropriate for aggregates that are highly abrasive.
In the static test method, the affinity is expressed by visual registration of the degree of bitumen coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated mineral aggregate particles after storage in water.
NOTE 2   The static test is a simple, though subjective test that is generally less precise, but that can cope with high PSV-aggregates.
In the boiling water stripping test method, the affinity is expressed by determining the degree of bitumen-coverage on uncompacted bitumen-coated aggregate after immersion in boiling water under specified conditions.
NOTE 3   The boiling water stripping test is an objective test and has a high precision. However, it is a more specialist test because it requires greater skill of the operatives and uses chemicals as reagent. The latter point might also imply extra health and safety considerations.
NOTE 4   The boiling water stripping test procedure can be used for any binder-aggregate combinations in which the mineral aggregate is calcareous, silico-calcareous or siliceous by nature.

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This document specifies a test method for measuring the indentation of mastic asphalt when it is penetrated at a given temperature, load and for a fixed time period by a standardized cylindrical indentor pin with a circular flat-ended base. This document applies to mastic asphalt with aggregates of maximum nominal size less than or equal to 16 mm.

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This document describes test methods for preparing test portions for the determination of the binder, water content and grading of samples of bituminous mixtures, when the sample submitted to the laboratory has a mass greater than or equal to four times the test portion.

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This document specifies a test method to assess the durability of adhesion in base and binder course asphalt mixtures. The Saturation Ageing Tensile Stiffness (SATS) conditioning regime is used to age the specimens in the presence of water. A comparative test for assessing their performance before and after conditioning is also conducted.
The applicability of this test method is limited to bituminous specimens with consistent air voids contents and hard binder, in particular, to asphalt concrete mixtures with a binder content between 3,5 % and 5,5 %, air voids contents between 6 % and 10 % and 10/20 pen hard paving grade bitumen.
The test is intended to be used as a screening test for the assessment of a combination of aggregate, filler and additives with respect to the retained adhesion properties after simulated ageing in a moist atmosphere for lean/stiff base and binder course mixtures.

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This document describes a method to determine the in situ relative hydraulic conductivity, at specific locations, of a road surfacing that is designed to be permeable. An estimate of the average value for the surfacing is obtained from the mean value of a number of determinations on each section of road.
The test measures the ability to drain water (drainability) achieved in situ of a surfacing. As such, it can be used as a compliance check to ensure that a permeable surface course has the required properties when it is laid. The test can also be used subsequently to establish the change of drainage ability with time.
For the test to be valid, the surface of the test area should be clean and free from detritus. Measurements can be made when a road is either wet or dry, but not if it is in a frozen state.

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This document describes test methods for determining the susceptibility of bituminous materials to deform under load. The test is applicable to mixtures with upper sieve size less than or equal to 32 mm.
The tests are applicable to specimens prepared from asphalt mixtures that have either been manufactured in a laboratory or cut from a pavement; test specimens are held in a mould with their surface flush with the upper edge of the mould.
The susceptibility of bituminous materials to deform is assessed by the rut formed by repeated passes of a loaded wheel at constant temperature. Three alternative types of device can be used according to this standard: large-size devices, extra large-size devices and small-size devices. With large-size devices and extra large-size devices, the specimens are conditioned in air during testing. With small-size devices, specimens are conditioned, in either air or water.
NOTE   Large-size and extra large-size devices are not suitable for use with cylindrical cores.

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This document specifies a test method for determining the depth of indentation of mastic asphalt and other asphalt, when force is applied to them via a cylindrical indentor pin with a circular flat-ended base. This document applies to aggregates of maximum nominal size less than or equal to 16 mm.

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This document describes a test method for the determination of the binder content of samples of bituminous mixtures by ignition. As such, it is an alternative to the more traditional method of extracting the binder using solvents. The method can be used for evaluation of mixture composition because the remaining aggregate can be used for determining aggregate gradation and density, provided excessive breakdown of the aggregate particles does not occur at the temperature reached. The results can be used for process control or checks on the compliance of mixtures. However, the need for calibration of a mixture, either on the complete mixture or on each of its component materials separately, before an analysis can be carried out makes this method easier to use with regularly used mixtures rather than with an extensive range of different mixtures from different aggregate sources. The test method is equally suitable for the analysis of mixtures containing unmodified or modified binders because the method has to be calibrated for each mixture being checked when calibration on mixtures is used. In case of doubt/dispute, the determination of the calibration value based on laboratory-prepared bituminous mixtures (see A.1 and A.2) is the reference method.

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This document specifies a method for determining the vertical and horizontal permeability of cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures with interconnecting voids. The document applies to specimens cored out of the road, specimens from laboratory made slabs or laboratory specimens prepared with a compaction device provided the thickness of the specimen is not less than twice the nominal maximum particle size of the aggregate in the mixture. The nominal diameter of specimens should be either 100 mm or 150 mm unless the nominal maximum particle size of the aggregate size exceeds 22 mm, when the nominal diameter is 150 mm.

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This document describes a test method for the determination of the water content of samples of bituminous mixtures. The test method is suitable for checking conformity to a product specification, where required.

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This document specifies uniaxial tension tests for characterizing the resistance of an asphalt mixture against low temperature cracking. The results of the uniaxial tension tests can be used to evaluate the following:
-   tensile strength at a specified temperature, using the uniaxial tension stress test (UTST);
-   minimum temperature that the asphalt can resist before failure, using the thermal stress restrained specimen test (TSRST);
-   tensile strength reserve at a specified temperature (using a combination of TSRST and UTST);
-   relaxation time, using the relaxation test (RT);
-   creep curve to back calculate rheological parameters, using the tensile creep tests (TCT);
-   fatigue resistance at low temperatures due to the combination of cryogenic and mechanical loads, using the uniaxial cyclic tension stress tests (UCTST).

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This document specifies a method to measure the spreadability characteristics of bituminous mixtures which are able to vary with time. It can be used for the determination of the delay between manufacturing and laying. It is intended to be assistance for bituminous mixtures design rather than a type test.
This document applies to bituminous mixtures both those made up in laboratory and those resulting from work site sampling, with an upper aggregate size not larger than 31,5 mm. It is not applicable to mastic asphalt.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for plant mixtures of the mix group Asphalt concrete with bituminous emulsion for use on roads, and other trafficked areas. Asphalt concrete with bituminous emulsion is used for surface courses, binder courses, regulating courses, and bases. It is a mixture in which mechanical properties evolve over time following installation. This is not just in terms of cooling, as other asphalts, but also includes curing effects.
NOTE   Asphalt concrete with bituminous emulsion is a mixture in which mechanical properties evolve over time following installation because of curing.
Mixtures utilizing bituminous emulsion based on in situ recycling are not covered by this standard.
This European Standard includes requirements for the selection of the constituent materials. It is designed to be read in conjunction with:
-   Annex A Product Type Assessment (Normative);
-   Annex B Performance characteristic assessment (Informative);
-   Annex C Factory Production Control (Normative).

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This document defines three procedures to evaluate the compatibility of the constituent materials of a bituminous mixture with bitumen emulsion. These organoleptic methods can be used together to evaluate the compatibility of the constituent materials after a hand mixing procedure for given emulsion and water content:
- Method A describes a test method to determine visually the degree of coating;
- Method B describes a test method to determine the consistency;
- Method C describes a test method to determine the hydric aspect.
This document applies to mixtures prepared in the laboratory or taken from the plant.

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This document describes a series of accelerated protocols for curing of bituminous mixtures with bitumen emulsion in order to assess their properties.
The protocols are to be selected according to the type of mixture, the type of specimen, the test to be carried out and the conditions of the place of use.
This document applies to mixtures, specimens and cores, prepared in the laboratory and/or taken from the worksite.
The laboratory curing procedure is designed for bituminous mixtures containing bitumen emulsions, but it could also be used for other types of asphalt mixture that require curing in order to reach their potential strength.

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This document specifies a method for compacting cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures, to be used for subsequent testing. A given mass of bituminous mixture is compacted in a cylindrical mould by applying static compression loads on the top and the bottom of the specimen.

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This document specifies the mathematical processing of digitized longitudinal profile measurements to produce evenness indices. The document describes the calculation procedure for the International Roughness Index (IRI), Root Mean Square (RMS) and Longitudinal Profile Variance (LPV) from three separate wavelength bands and the σWLP and ΔWLP from the Weighted Longitudinal Profile (WLP).
The purpose of this document is to provide a standard practice for calculating and reporting estimates of road evenness from digitized longitudinal profiles. Other aims with this document are to facilitate the comparison of evenness measurement results carried out with different profiling instruments in European countries.
The evenness range covered in this document is defined as the wavelength range 0,5 m to 50 m. It is noted that both shorter and longer wavelengths can also influence the driving comfort but those are not covered in this document.
The quantified evenness indices derived from this document are useful support for pavement management systems. The output can also be used for type approval and performance control of new and old pavements. The indices can be used on rigid, flexible and gravel road surfaces.
This document doesn’t define from what position on the road the longitudinal profile should be obtained.
The derived indices are portable in the sense that they can be obtained from longitudinal profiles measured with a variety of instruments.

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This European Standard specifies a procedure for the determination of the particle size distribution of the aggregates of bituminous mixtures by sieving. The test is applicable to aggregates recovered after binder extraction in accordance with EN 12697-1 or EN 12697-39.
The applicability of this European Standard is described in the product standards for bituminous mixtures.
NOTE   Fibres, solid (non-soluble during extraction) additives and (some) binder modifiers influence the test result.

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This document describes a function test for hot-applied joint sealants intended to be used in areas where the joints are subjected to combined conditions of temperature ≤ - 20 °C and crack joint movement ≤ 35 % in construction joints as well as in spontaneously formed cracks in road and airfield pavements.

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This document describes a method for preparation of a representative test sample, heating of the test sample and pouring of test specimens for testing hot applied joint sealants for use in joints in concrete pavements for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas.

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This document specifies a test method for determination of the resistance to flame of cold applied joint sealants for use in joints in roads, air fields and other trafficked areas.

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This document describes a test method for determining the resistance to hydrolysis of cold applied joint sealants after treatment at elevated temperature and high humidity.

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This document specifies a function test for cold applied joint sealants intended for use in joints in roads and airfield pavements in cold climate areas where the total joint movement can be greater than 35 % and the temperature can go below -25°C.

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This document describes a test method to determine the average depth of pavement surface macrotexture (see Clause 3) by measuring the profile of a surface and calculating the texture depth from this profile. The technique is designed to provide an average depth value of only the pavement macrotexture and is considered insensitive to pavement microtexture and unevenness characteristics.
The objective of this document is to make available an internationally accepted procedure for determination of pavement surface texture depth which is an alternative to the traditionally used volumetric patch technique (generally using sand or glass beads), giving comparable texture depth values. To this end, this document describes filtering procedures that are designed to give the best possible representation of texture depths determined with the volumetric patch method[13].
Modern profilometers in use are almost entirely of the contactless type (e.g. laser, light slit or light sheet, to mention a few) and this document is primarily intended for this type. However, this does not exclude application of parts of it for other types of profilometers.
This ISO 13473 series has been prepared as a result of a need identified when specifying a test surface for vehicle noise measurement (see ISO 10844:2014[6]). Macrotexture depth measurements according to this document are not generally adequate for specifying test conditions of vehicle or traffic noise measurements, but have limited applications as a supplement in conjunction with other ways of specifying a surfacing.
This test method is suitable for determining the mean profile depth (MPD) of a pavement surface. This MPD can be transformed to a quantity which estimates the macrotexture depth according to the volumetric patch method. It is applicable to field tests as well as laboratory tests on pavement samples. When used in conjunction with other physical tests, the macrotexture depth values derived from this test method are applicable to estimation of pavement skid resistance characteristics (see e.g. Reference [15]), estimation of noise characteristics and assessment of the suitability of paving materials or pavement finishing techniques.
The method, together with other measurements (where applicable), such as porosity or microtexture, can be used to assess the quality of pavements.
This document is adapted for pavement texture measurement and is not intended for other applications. Pavement aggregate particle shape, size and distribution are surface texture features not addressed in this procedure. The method is not meant to provide a complete assessment of pavement surface texture characteristics. In particular, it is known that there are problems in interpreting the result if the method is applied to porous surfaces or to grooved surfaces (see Annex B).
NOTE Other International Standards dealing with surface profiling methods include, for example, References [1], [2] and [3]. Although it is not clearly stated in these, they are mainly used for measuring surface finish (microtexture) of metal surfaces and are not intended to be applied to pavements.

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This document specifies a method for the preparation of bituminous test specimens using a vibratory compaction technique.
This document is applicable to loose mixtures and cores and is used to establish a refusal density for a bituminous mixture, or to determine the ease of compaction as described in EN 12697-10.

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This document specifies the method for compaction of cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures using a gyratory compactor.
The method is used for:
- determination of the air voids content of a mixture for a given number of gyrations or derivation of a curve density (or void content) versus number of gyrations;
- preparation of specimens of given height and/or at a predetermined density, for subsequent testing of their mechanical properties.
Annex A and Annex B describe method of complying for the equipment.
This document applies to bituminous mixtures (both those made up in laboratory and those resulting from work site sampling), with an upper aggregate size not larger than 31,5 mm.

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This document specifies the Semi-Circular Bending (SCB) test method to determine the tensile strength or fracture toughness of an asphalt mixture for the assessment of the potential for crack propagation. The results of the test can be used to calculate:
- the maximum load that the material containing a notch (crack) can resist before failure;
- when the presence of a notch is critical.
It should be noted that the test only describes a method to determine the resistance to crack propagation of an asphalt mixture. The crack propagation phase describes the second part of failure mechanism during dynamic loading. The first phase, which is the crack initiation phase, is mainly covered by the fatigue test (EN 12697-24).

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This document describes a test method for the recovery of soluble bitumen from bituminous mixtures used in road, airfield or similar pavements in a form suitable for further testing. The test can be undertaken on either loose or compacted asphalt materials. The procedure is suitable for the recovery of paving grade bitumens, for which materials this European Standard is the reference method. The fractionating column procedure (see EN 12697-4) is the reference method for mixtures containing volatile matter such as cut-back bitumen.
For recovery of polymer modified bitumens, the rotary evaporator procedure is recommended.

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This document describes a procedure for calculating volumetric characteristics of a compacted bituminous specimen: the air voids content (Va), the voids content in the mineral aggregate filled with binder (VFB) and the voids content in the mineral aggregate filled with binder and additives (VFBad) for the case of mixtures containing additives in their composition.
The method is suitable for specimens which are laboratory compacted or specimens cut from the pavement after placement and compacting or from laboratory compacted slabs, either by coring or sawing.
These volumetric characteristics can be used as mix design criteria or as parameters for evaluating the mixture after placing and compacting in the road.

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This document specifies methods of moulding specimens from bituminous mixtures by impact compaction. Such specimens are primarily used to determine bulk density and other technological characteristics, e.g. Marshall stability and flow according to EN 12697 34.
This document applies to bituminous mixtures (both those made up in a laboratory and those resulting from work site sampling), with not more than 15 % by mass retained on the 22,4 mm sieve and none on the 31,5 mm sieve.

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This document specifies a method for determination of the resistance to fuel spillage of a joint sealant by calculating the change in mass, after immersion in a standard reference fuel.

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This document specifies test methods for determining the maximum density of a bituminous mixture (voidless mass). It specifies a volumetric procedure, a hydrostatic procedure and a mathematical procedure.
The test methods described are intended for use with loose bituminous materials containing paving grade bitumens, modified binders or other bituminous binders used for bituminous mixes. The tests are suitable for both fresh or aged bituminous materials.
Samples may be supplied as loose material or as compacted material; it is advised to separate the latter first.
NOTE    General guidance on selection of a test procedure to determine the maximum density of a bituminous mixture is given in Annex A.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for unbound mixtures used for construction and maintenance of roads, airfields and other trafficked areas.
This European Standard applies to unbound mixtures of natural, manufactured and recycled aggregates with an upper sieve size (D) from 5,6 mm to 90 mm and lower sieve size (d) = 0 at the point of delivery.
NOTE 1   Mixtures with an upper sieve size (D) greater than 90 mm are not covered by this European Standard but may be specified in the place of use.
NOTE 2   Water content of the mixture and the density of the installed layer are not specified mixture requirements. Both parameters are related to the control of the construction of the layer and are outside the scope of this European Standard.
The aggregate requirements are defined with appropriate cross-reference to EN 13242.
Use of aggregates as soil is not covered by this standard.

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This European Standard specifies three test methods for determining the effect of saturation and accelerated water conditioning:
-   method A uses the indirect tensile strength of cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures;
-   method B uses the compression strength of cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures;
-   method C defines the bonding value for a bituminous mixture 1 h after mixing, where the bonding of bitumen and aggregate can be equated to a bonding value.
Method C is suitable for soft asphalt with bitumen of kinematic viscosity at 60 °C of 4 000 mm2/s or less.
These methods can be used to evaluate the effect of water on asphalt mixtures with or without anti-stripping additives including liquids, such as amines; and fillers, such as hydrated lime or cement.

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This European Standard specifies the methods for characterizing the fatigue of bituminous mixtures using alternative tests, including bending tests and direct and indirect tensile tests. The tests are performed on compacted bituminous material under a sinusoidal loading or other controlled loading, using different types of specimens and supports.
The procedure is used:
a)   to rank bituminous mixtures on the basis of resistance to fatigue;
b)   as a guide to relative performance in the pavement;
c)   to obtain data for estimating the structural behaviour of the road; and
d)   to judge test data according to specifications for bituminous mixtures.
Because this European Standard does not impose a particular type of testing device, the precise choice of the test conditions depends on the possibilities and the working range of the device used. For the choice of specific test conditions, the requirements of the product standards for bituminous mixtures need to be respected. The applicability of this document is described in the product standards for bituminous mixtures.

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This document describes a method for determining the extensibility and the adhesion to concrete of hot applied sealant-systems with or without priming simulating the moving of concrete pavement slabs during cooling conditions in wintertime.

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This document specifies a method for determination of adhesion and cohesion characteristics of hot applied joint sealant specimens following cyclic extensions.
NOTE   The test simulates yearly joint movements due to temperature variations.

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This European Technical Specification specifies a test method for determining the resistance to scuffing of asphalt mixtures which are used in surface layers and are loaded with high shear stresses in road or airfield pavement. These shear stresses occur in the contact area between tyre and pavement surface and can be caused by cornering of the vehicle. Due to these shear stresses, material loss will occur at the surface of these layers. The test is normally performed on asphalt layers with a high amount of air voids (e.g. porous asphalt), but can also be applied on other asphaltic mixtures. Test specimens are used either produced in a laboratory or cut from the pavement.
NOTE   The test is developed to determine the resistance to scuffing for noise reducing surface layers where raveling is the normative damage criterion. The test can also be performed on other surface mixtures with a high resistance to permanent deformation. In case a mixture has a low resistance to permanent deformation, rutting can occur during the test. This can influence the test results.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for determining the minimum cohesion of a slurry surfacing mixture, which enables the set time and trafficability time to be determined.
This European Standard applies to slurry surfacing to be used in surface layers for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas.

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This European Standard specifies test methods for determination the average rate of application of slurry surfacing in kilograms per square metre (kg/m2).
This European Standard applies to slurry surfacing for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for determining the consistency of slurry surfacing mixtures. This test is dedicated to Slurry Seals (D ≤ 4mm).
NOTE 1   The method can be used as a mix design aid to determine the amount of water required to form a stable, workable mixture.
NOTE 2   To obtain the correct consistency, it can be necessary to repeat the test with different known percentages of water.
This European Standard applies to slurry surfacings for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas.

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This European Standard specifies test methods for determining the residual binder content of samples of slurry surfacing mixtures.
This document describes the method for preparing the specimens and for removing water from the samples before carrying out the extraction test.
The method described in this European Standard needs to be used only to determine the quantity of binder and not to investigate its quality.
This European Standard applies to slurry surfacing to be used in surface layers for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas.

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This European Standard applies to slurry surfacing for roads, airfields and other trafficked areas.
This European Standard specifies a method for sampling of slurry surfacing mixtures from production during laying.
A method for sampling from the road surface after laying is described in an informative annex (Annex A) for evaluation purposes.
Production testing needs operators with good practice and is carried out provided there are no specific local or other national regulations that are required to be followed.
WARNING - The use of this standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of the standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for the design of slurry surfacing mixture based on the determination of the minimum binder content of the mixture and the resistance to wear under wet track abrasion conditions for the purpose to support the mixture design.
This test can be used for quality control purposes.

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This European Standard describes three test methods for characterizing the compactability of a bituminous mix, by the relation between its density or void content and the compaction energy applied to it, using an impact (Marshall) compactor, gyratory compactor, or a vibratory compactor.
This European Standard applies to bituminous mixtures, both those prepared in laboratory and those resulting sampled from plant produced mixtures. The results of the test method serve to supplement the results of mixture design.

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This draft European Standard specifies a test method for determining the (splitting) indirect tensile strength of cylindrical specimens of bituminous mixtures.
NOTE   Determination of the water sensitivity of bituminous specimens in accordance with EN 12697-12 is based on determination of the indirect tensile strength in accordance with this test method.

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This European Standard describes a test method for measuring the temperature of asphalt mixtures after mixing and during storage, transportation and laying. This European Standard includes the contact temperature-measuring device and the non-contact temperature-measuring device (infrared-thermometer).   In cases of dispute, the refence method shall be using the contact temperature measuring device.

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