Lightning Protection System Components (LPSC) - Part 1: Requirements for connection components

This part of IEC 62561 specifies the requirements and tests for metallic connection
components that form part of a lightning protection system (LPS). Typically, these can be
connectors, clamps, bonding and bridging components, expansion pieces and test joints.
For the purposes of this document the following connection types are considered as
connection components: exothermic, brazing, welding, clamping, crimping, seaming, screwing
or bolting.
Testing of components for an explosive atmosphere is not covered by this document.

Blitzschutzsystembauteile (LPSC) - Teil 1: Anforderungen an Verbindungsbauteile

Composants des systèmes de protection contre la foudre (CSPF) - Partie 1: Exigences pour les composants de connexion

NEW!IEC 62561-1:2017 est disponible sous forme de IEC 62561-1:2017 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente. L' IEC 62561-1:2017 spécifie les exigences et les essais à appliquer aux composants métalliques de connexion faisant partie d'un système de protection contre la foudre (SPF). Il peut s'agir, typiquement, des connecteurs, des colliers de serrage, des composants de pontage, des pièces d'expansion et des joints de contrôle. Pour les besoins du présent document, les types de connexions suivants sont considérés comme des composants de connexion: la soudure exothermique et autres procédés de soudage, le brasage, le serrage, le sertissage, l'agrafage, le vissage et le boulonnage. Les essais de composants pour atmosphère explosive ne sont pas concernés par le présent document. Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition publiée en 2012. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente: a. la classification des composants de connexion permanente et non permanente; b. les exigences et essais correspondants concernant les composants de connexion permanente, par exemple la soudure exothermique et d'autres procédés de soudage, le brasage, le sertissage ou l'agrafage; c. un organigramme des essais destinés aux composants de connexion.

Elementi za zaščito pred strelo (LPSC) - 1. del: Zahteve za spojne komponente

Ta del standarda IEC 62561 določa zahteve in preskuse za kovinske spojne komponente, ki so del sistema za zaščito pred delovanjem strele (LPS). Običajno so to lahko konektorji, spojke, vezne in premostitvene komponente, ekspanzijski kosi in preskusni spoji.
Za namene tega dokumenta se kot spojne komponente obravnavajo naslednje vrste spojev: eksotermni, spajkani, varjeni, spajani, stiskani, spojeni, vijačeni ali netani.
Preskušanje komponent za eksplozivno atmosfero v tem dokumentu ni zajeto.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Aug-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Jul-2017
Due Date
23-Sep-2017
Completion Date
18-Aug-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62561-1:2017
01-september-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 62561-1:2012
(OHPHQWL]D]DãþLWRSUHGVWUHOR /36& GHO=DKWHYH]DVSRMQHNRPSRQHQWH

Lightning Protection System Components (LPSC) - Part 1: Requirements for connection

components
Blitzschutzsystembauteile (LPSC) - Teil 1: Anforderungen an Verbindungsbauteile

Composants des systèmes de protection contre la foudre (CSPF) - Partie 1: Exigences

pour les composants de connexion
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62561-1:2017
ICS:
29.120.20 Spojni elementi Connecting devices
91.120.40 =DãþLWDSUHGVWUHOR Lightning protection
SIST EN 62561-1:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 62561-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2017
ICS 29.020; 91.120.40 Supersedes EN 62561-1:2012
English Version
Lightning Protection System Components (LPSC) - Part 1:
Requirements for connection components
(IEC 62561-1:2017)

Composants des systèmes de protection contre la foudre Blitzschutzsystembauteile (LPSC) - Teil 1: Anforderungen

(CSPF) - Partie 1: Exigences pour les composants de an Verbindungsbauteile
connexion (IEC 62561-1:2017)
(IEC 62561-1:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-04-13. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62561-1:2017 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 62561-1:2017
EN 62561-1:2017
European foreword

The text of document 81/551/FDIS, future edition 2 of IEC 62561-1, prepared by IEC/TC 81, "Lightning

protection", was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as

EN 62561-1:2017.
The following dates are fixed:
– latest date by which this document has to be (dop) 2018-01-13
implemented at national level
by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting (dow) 2020-04-13
with this document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 62561-1:2012.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62561-1:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
IEC 62305 (series) NOTE Harmonized as EN 62305 (series).
IEC 62305-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62305-1.
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
EN 62561-1:2017
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year

IEC 60068-2-52 1996 Environmental testing -- Part 2-52: Tests - EN 60068-2-52 1996

Test Kb: Salt mist, cyclic (sodium chloride
solution)
IEC 62561-2 - Lightning Protection System Components EN 62561-2 -
(LPSC) -- Part 2: Requirements for
conductors and earth electrodes
ISO 6957 1988 Copper alloys; ammonia test for stress - -
corrosion resistance
ISO 6988 1985 Metallic and other non-organic coatings - EN ISO 6988 1994
Sulfur dioxide test with general
condensation of moisture
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
IEC 62561-1
Edition 2.0 2017-03
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Lightning protection system components (LPSC) –
Part 1: Requirements for connection components
Composants des systemes de protection contre la foudre (CSPF) –
Partie 1: Exigences pour les composants de connexion
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 29.020; 91.120.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-4050-2

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 62561-1:2017
– 2 – IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 7

4 Classification ................................................................................................................... 9

4.1 According to the ability to withstand lightning current .............................................. 9

4.2 According to the installation location ....................................................................... 9

4.3 According to the mechanical behaviour of connection components ......................... 9

4.4 According to whether or not a connection is permanent .......................................... 9

5 Requirements .................................................................................................................. 9

5.1 General ................................................................................................................... 9

5.2 Installation instructions ........................................................................................... 9

5.3 Lightning current carrying capability ........................................................................ 9

5.4 Static mechanical stress ....................................................................................... 10

5.5 Permanent connection .......................................................................................... 10

5.6 Non-permanent connection ................................................................................... 10

5.7 Dismantling of test joints ....................................................................................... 10

5.8 Damage to conductors and metal installations ...................................................... 10

5.9 Reliable connection .............................................................................................. 10

5.10 Terminals of bonding bars ..................................................................................... 10

5.11 Marking ................................................................................................................. 10

6 Tests ............................................................................................................................. 11

6.1 General condition on tests .................................................................................... 11

6.2 Preparation of the specimen ................................................................................. 11

6.3 Conditioning/ageing .............................................................................................. 15

6.3.1 Connection components not embedded in concrete ....................................... 15

6.3.2 Connection components embedded in concrete ............................................. 15

6.4 Electrical test ........................................................................................................ 16

6.5 Static mechanical test ........................................................................................... 17

6.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 17

6.5.2 Test procedure .............................................................................................. 17

6.6 Marking test .......................................................................................................... 17

7 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ............................................................................. 17

8 Structure and content of the test report .......................................................................... 18

8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 18

8.2 Report identification .............................................................................................. 18

8.3 Specimen description ............................................................................................ 18

8.4 Conductor ............................................................................................................. 18

8.5 Standards and references ..................................................................................... 18

8.6 Test procedure ...................................................................................................... 19

8.7 Testing equipment description .............................................................................. 19

8.8 Measuring instruments description ........................................................................ 19

8.9 Results and parameters recorded ......................................................................... 19

8.10 Statement of pass/fail ........................................................................................... 19

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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

Annex A (normative) Summary of the requirements and corresponding tests ....................... 20

Annex B (informative) Typical connection configurations for various LPSCs ......................... 21

Annex C (normative) Flow chart of tests for connection components .................................... 22

Annex D (normative) Conditioning/ageing for connection components ................................. 24

D.1 General ................................................................................................................. 24

D.2 Salt mist treatment ................................................................................................ 24

D.3 Humid sulphurous atmosphere treatment .............................................................. 24

D.4 Ammonia atmosphere treatment............................................................................ 24

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 25

Figure 1 – Basic arrangement of specimen with cross-connection component ....................... 12

Figure 2 – Basic arrangement of specimen with parallel connection component .................... 13

Figure 3 – Basic arrangement of specimen with bridging component ..................................... 14

Figure 4 – Basic arrangement of specimen with equipotential bonding bar ............................ 15

Figure 5 – Basic arrangement for contact measurement of expansion piece.......................... 17

Figure B.1 – Typical arrangements for various LPSCs .......................................................... 21

Figure C.1 – Flow chart of tests for connection components ................................................. 23

Table 1 – Lightning impulse current (I ) parameters .......................................................... 16

imp

Table A.1 – Requirements and corresponding tests .............................................................. 20

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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
– 4 – IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEM COMPONENTS (LPSC) –
Part 1: Requirements for connection components
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62561-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 81:

Lightning protection.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition, published in 2012. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) classification of connection components in permanent and non-permanent connection;

b) requirements and corresponding tests for permanent connection components such as

exothermic, brazing, welding, crimping, seaming;
c) flow chart of tests for connection components.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 62561-1:2017
IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
81/551/FDIS 81/559/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62561 series, published under the general title Lightning

protection system components (LPSC), can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 62561-1:2017
– 6 – IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017
INTRODUCTION

This part of IEC 62561 deals with the requirements and tests for lightning protection system

components (LPSC) used for the installation of a lightning protection system (LPS) designed

and implemented according to the IEC 62305 series.
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017 – 7 –
LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEM COMPONENTS (LPSC) –
Part 1: Requirements for connection components
1 Scope

This part of IEC 62561 specifies the requirements and tests for metallic connection

components that form part of a lightning protection system (LPS). Typically, these can be

connectors, clamps, bonding and bridging components, expansion pieces and test joints.

For the purposes of this document the following connection types are considered as

connection components: exothermic, brazing, welding, clamping, crimping, seaming, screwing

or bolting.

Testing of components for an explosive atmosphere is not covered by this document.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their

content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition

cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including

any amendments) applies.

IEC 60068-2-52:1996, Environmental testing – Part 2-52: Tests – Test Kb: Salt mist, cyclic

(sodium chloride solution)

IEC 62561-2, Lightning protection system components (LPSC) – Part 2: Requirements for

conductors and earth electrodes
ISO 6957:1988, Copper alloys – Ammonia test for stress corrosion resistance

ISO 6988:1985, Metallic and other non-organic coatings – Sulphur dioxide test with general

condensation of moisture
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
connection component

part of an external LPS which is used for the connection of conductors to each other or to

metallic installations

Note 1 to entry: Connection components include connectors, clamps, bridging components, expansion pieces and

test joints.
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
– 8 – IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017
3.2
metal installation

extended metal items in the structure to be protected which may form a path for lightning

current, such as pipes, staircases, elevator guide rails, ventilation, heating and air

conditioning ducts, and interconnected reinforcing steel
3.3
bridging component
connection component for the connection of metal installations
3.4
expansion piece

connection component designed to compensate for changes in length in conductors and/or

metal installations caused by temperature changes
3.5
connector
connection component to interconnect two or more conductors
3.6
clamp
connection component for the connection of conductors to metal installations
3.7
pipe clamp
clamp for the connection of conductors to metal pipes
3.8
test joint

joint designed to facilitate electrical testing and measurement of LPS components

3.9
connection range

minimum to maximum range for which a specific connection component is designed to be

used
3.10
bonding bar

metal bar on which metal installations, external conductive parts, electric power and

telecommunication lines and other cables can be connected to an LPS
3.11
type test

test required to be made before supplying a type of material covered by IEC 62561-1 on a

general commercial basis, in order to demonstrate satisfactory performance characteristics to

meet the intended application

Note 1 to entry: These tests are of such a nature that, after they have been made, they need not be repeated

unless changes are made to the accessory materials, design or type of manufacturing process which might change

the performance characteristics.
3.12
permanent connection
connection that cannot or is not intended to be dismantled
3.13
non-permanent connection
connection that can or is intended to be dismantled
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017 – 9 –
4 Classification
4.1 According to the ability to withstand lightning current
a) class H for heavy duty;
b) class N for normal duty.

The selection of classes H and N should be performed by the manufacturer in accordance

with the test parameters identified in Table 1.
4.2 According to the installation location
a) general use;
b) embedded in concrete.
4.3 According to the mechanical behaviour of connection components
a) intended to withstand a static mechanical load;
b) not intended to withstand a static mechanical load.

The manufacturer’s declaration of ability to withstand a static load shall determine the need or

otherwise to carry out the static mechanical test as identified in 6.5.
4.4 According to whether or not a connection is permanent

a) permanent connection such as exothermic process, brazing, welding, crimping, seaming;

b) non-permanent connection such as screwing or bolting.
5 Requirements
5.1 General

Connection components shall be designed in such a manner that when they are installed in

accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions their performance shall be reliable, stable

and safe to persons and surrounding equipment.

NOTE A summary of the requirements and their corresponding tests is given in Annex A.

5.2 Installation instructions

The manufacturer of the connection components shall provide at least the following

information:
a) the classification of the component;
b) the recommended tightening torque;
c) the range of conductor sizes and materials;
d) the connection configuration.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
5.3 Lightning current carrying capability

Connection components shall have sufficient lightning current carrying capability.

Compliance is checked in accordance with 6.4 following the manufacturer’s declaration for the

class (H or N) of the connection components in accordance with 4.1.
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
– 10 – IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017
5.4 Static mechanical stress

Connection components shall have a sufficient withstand capability against static mechanical

stresses.
Equipotential bonding bars are excluded from this requirement.
Compliance is checked in accordance with 6.5.
5.5 Permanent connection

Where exothermic process, brazing, welding, crimping or seaming are used as connection,

the design shall be such that the conductor and/or the metal installation is always securely

bonded.
Compliance is checked by inspection and in accordance with 6.4 a), b), e).
5.6 Non-permanent connection

Where screws and/or nuts are used as the clamping connection, the design shall be such that

the conductor and/or the metal installation is always securely fastened by the screw and/or

nut application.
Compliance is checked by inspection and in accordance with 6.4,a), b), c), d).
5.7 Dismantling of test joints

It shall be possible to dismantle the test joints after lightning current stress.

Compliance is checked by inspection and in accordance with 6.4, a), b), c), d).
5.8 Damage to conductors and metal installations

Connection components shall be so designed that they connect the conductors and/or the

metal installations without undue damage to the conductors, the metal installations and/or the

connection components.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
5.9 Reliable connection

Connection components shall guarantee safe connection within the connection range declared

by the manufacturer.
Compliance is checked by inspection and in accordance with 6.4.
5.10 Terminals of bonding bars

The input terminals of bonding bars used for lightning protection installations shall have a

diameter of connection equal to or greater than 6 mm.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
5.11 Marking
The connection components shall be marked at least with the following:
a) manufacturer’s or responsible vendor’s name or trade mark;
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SIST EN 62561-1:2017
IEC 62561-1:2017 © IEC 2017 – 11 –
b) identifying symbol (picture, product number, etc.);
c) classification, i.e. class N or H.

Where this proves to be impractical the marking in accordance with b) and c) may be given on

the smallest packing unit label or on the accompanying documentation.
The marking shall be durable and legible.

NOTE Marking can be applied for example by moulding, pressing, engraving, printing adhesive labels or water

slide transfers.
Compliance is checked in accordance with 6.6.
6 Tests
6.1 General condition on tests
The tests in accordance with this document are type tests (see 3.11).

• Unless otherwise specified, tests are carried out with the specimens assembled and

installed as in normal use according to the manufacturer's or supplier's installation

instructions with the recommended conductor materials, sizes and tightening torques. If

the connection component is suitable for various conductors’ materials, then it shall be

tested on each material combination.
• All tests are carried out on new specimens.
• Unless otherwise specified, three specimens are subjected to the tests and the
requirements are satisfied if all the tests are met.

• If only one of the specimens does not satisfy a test due to an assembly or a manufacturing

fault, that test and any preceding one which may have influenced the results of the test

shall be repeated and also the tests which follow shall be carried out in the required

sequence on another full set of specimens, all of which shall comply with the
requirements.

• The electrical test shall be carried out in the order given, after conditioning/ageing of the

arrangement of the specimen in accordance with 6.3.

The applicant, when submitting the sets of specimens, may also submit an additional set of

specimens which may be necessary, should one specimen fail. The testing station will then,

without further request, test the additional set of specimens and will reject it only if a fur

...

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