Building Information Modelling (BIM) - Data templates for construction objects used in the life cycle of any built asset - Concepts and principles (ISO 23387:2020)

This International standard sets out the concepts, principles and the general structure for product data templates for products used in construction works. This general structure can be used to describe any product, e.g. in the domains of construction products, mechanical products, electrical products, plumbing products, and HVAC products.
This standard gives the specification of a taxonomy model based on ISO 12006-3 Building construction -- Organization of information about construction works -- Part 3: Framework for object-oriented information, that provides a methodology for creating concepts, grouping concepts, and defining relationships between concepts. Concepts defined in this standard are representing reference documents, product types, properties, property sets, quantities, units and values, with relationships between the concepts to provide the formal description of the product type as well as its typical behavior. This structure of concepts and relationships forms the basis for a product data template.
This standard describes how product data templates shall be linked to IFC classes according EN ISO 16739 - Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) for data sharing in the construction and facility management industries, by describing the general rule for creating relations between xtdsubject and xtdproperty with Ifc entities and Ifc properties in a data dictionary based on EN ISO 12006-3 Building construction -- Organization of information about construction works -- Part 3: Framework for object-oriented information.
This standard describes the general product data template structure that shall be used for developing specific product data templates based on domain and/or specific areas such as standards developed in ISO/IEC, CEN/CENELEC, ASTM, ANSI, etc.

Bauwerksinformationsmodellierung (BIM) - Datenvorlagen für Bauobjekte während des Lebenszyklus eines baulichen Vermögensgegenstandes - Konzepte und Grundsätze (ISO 23387:2020)

Dieses Dokument legt die Grundlagen und die Struktur für Datenvorlagen für Bauobjekte dar. Es unterstützt digitale Prozesse durch die Verwendung maschinenlesbarer Formate auf der Grundlage einer genormten Datenstruktur zum Austausch von Informationen zu jeder Art von Bauobjekten, z. B. Produkt, System, Baugruppe, Raum, Gebäude usw., während anfänglichem Entwurf, Beauftragung, Konstruktion, Bau, Betrieb und Rückbau.
Dieses Dokument enthält die Spezifikation einer Taxonomie, die Konzepte aus ISO 12006 3:2007, d. h. Objekte, Sammlungen und deren Beziehungen zueinander definiert, um den Informationsbedarf für den speziellen Zweck der Datenvorlage zu unterstützen.
Dieses Dokument enthält eine EXPRESS Spezifikation mit Erweiterungen der EXPRESS G Notation und  Spezifikation aus ISO 12006 3:2007. Diese Erweiterungen wurden zur Unterstützung der Marktanforderungen bereitgestellt, die sich seit Veröffentlichung von ISO 12006 3 im Jahr 2007 entwickelt haben.
Dieses Dokument stellt Regeln für die Verknüpfung zwischen Datenvorlagen und IFC Klassen innerhalb eines auf ISO 12006 3:2007 basierenden Datenkatalogs auf.
Dieses Dokument stellt Regeln für die Verknüpfung zwischen Datenvorlagen und Klassifikationssystemen innerhalb eines auf ISO 12006 3:2007 basierenden Datenkatalogs auf.
Die Zielgruppe dieses Dokuments sind Softwareentwickler und nicht Experten für den Bereich der Bauindustrie, die ernannt wurden, um Datenvorlagen auf Grundlage von Quellen zu erstellen, die sich mit der Beschreibung von Informationsanforderungen befassen.
Die Bereitstellung des Inhalts von Datenvorlagen liegt außerhalb des Anwendungsbereichs dieses Dokuments. Die vorgestellte Datenstruktur soll für die Entwicklung spezifischer Datenvorlagen verwendet werden, die auf Normen beruhen, die von ISO/IEC, CEN/CENELEC, nationalen Normungsorganisationen oder anderen Quellen, die sich mit der Beschreibung von Informationsanforderungen befassen, erarbeitet wurden.

Modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM) - Modèles de données pour les objets de construction utilisés durant le cycle de vie de tout bien construit - Concepts et principes (ISO 23387:2020)

Le présent document définit les principes et la structure des modèles de données pour les objets de construction. Il est élaboré afin de prendre en charge les processus numériques utilisant des formats exploitables par ordinateur dotés d'une structure de données normalisée pour échanger des informations sur tout type d'objet de construction, par exemple produit, système, assemblage, espace, bâtiment, etc. utilisé dans le démarrage, le programme, la conception, la production, la mise en service et la démolition des installations.
Le présent document propose la spécification d'un modèle taxonomique qui définit les concepts provenant de l'ISO 12006-3:2007, c'est-à-dire objets, collections et les relations entre eux, afin de prendre en charge le besoin d'information dans l'objectif spécifique du modèle de données.
Le présent document fournit une spécification EXPRESS ainsi que les extensions de la notation EXPRESS‑G et de la spécification de l'ISO 12006-3:2007. Ces extensions sont destinées à prendre en charge les besoins commerciaux apparus depuis la publication de l'ISO 12006-3 en 2007.
Le présent document donne les règles de liaison entre les modèles de données et les classes IFC dans un dictionnaire de données, sur la base de l'ISO 12006-3:2007.
Le présent document donne les règles de liaison entre les modèles de données et les systèmes de classification dans un dictionnaire de données, sur la base de l'ISO 12006-3:2007.
Le public cible du présent document est constitué des développeurs logiciels, et non des experts de l'industrie de la construction en charge de créer des modèles de données sur la base de sources décrivant des besoins d'information.
La fourniture du contenu des modèles de données ne fait pas partie du domaine d'application du présent document. La structure de données proposée doit être utilisée pour développer des modèles de données spécifiques basés sur les normes développées par l'ISO, l'IEC, le CEN/CENELEC, les organismes nationaux de normalisation ou d'autres sources décrivant les besoins d'information.

Informacijsko modeliranje gradenj (BIM) - Podatkovne predloge za gradnike, ki se uporabljajo v življenjskem ciklu gradbenega objekta - Pojmi in načela (ISO 23387:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Jun-2019
Publication Date
02-Sep-2020
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Aug-2020
Due Date
17-Oct-2020
Completion Date
03-Sep-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
01-oktober-2020
Informacijsko modeliranje gradenj (BIM) - Podatkovne predloge za gradnike, ki se
uporabljajo v življenjskem ciklu gradbenega objekta - Pojmi in načela (ISO
23387:2020)

Building Information Modelling (BIM) - Data templates for construction objects used in

the life cycle of any built asset - Concepts and principles (ISO 23387:2020)

Bauwerksinformationsmodellierung (BIM) - Datenvorlagen für Bauobjekte während des

Lebenszyklus eines baulichen Vermögensgegenstandes - Konzepte und Grundsätze
(ISO 23387:2020)

Modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM) - Modèles de données pour les

objets de construction utilisés durant le cycle de vie de tout bien construit - Concepts et

principes (ISO 23387:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 23387:2020
ICS:
13.020.60 Življenjski ciklusi izdelkov Product life-cycles
35.240.67 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in building
gradbeništvu and construction industry
91.010.01 Gradbeništvo na splošno Construction industry in
general
SIST EN ISO 23387:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
EN ISO 23387
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 35.240.67; 91.010.01
English Version
Building information modelling (BIM) - Data templates for
construction objects used in the life cycle of built assets -
Concepts and principles (ISO 23387:2020)

Modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM) Bauwerksinformationsmodellierung (BIM) -

- Modèles de données pour les objets de construction Datenvorlagen für Bauobjekte während des

utilisés durant le cycle de vie des biens construits - Lebenszyklus eines baulichen Vermögensgegenstandes

Concepts et principes (ISO 23387:2020) - Konzepte und Grundsätze (ISO 23387:2020)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 June 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 23387:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
EN ISO 23387:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
EN ISO 23387:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 23387:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 59 "Buildings

and civil engineering works" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 442 “Building

Information Modelling (BIM)” the secretariat of which is held by SN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by January 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 23387:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 23387:2020 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23387
First edition
2020-07
Building information modelling
(BIM) — Data templates for
construction objects used in the life
cycle of built assets — Concepts and
principles
Modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM) — Modèles de
données pour les objets de construction utilisés durant le cycle de vie
des biens construits — Concepts et principes
Reference number
ISO 23387:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
ISO 23387:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
ISO 23387:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Data template structure — UML diagram ................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Linking data templates to IFC classes ............................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Linking data templates to classification ...................................................................................................................................... 7

7 EXPRESS specification ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2 EXPRESS specification ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2.2 xtdClassification ............................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.2.3 xtdRelClassifies ................................................................................................................................................................. 9

7.2.4 xtdRelAssociates ...........................................................................................................................................................10

7.2.5 xtdRelDocuments .........................................................................................................................................................10

7.3 EXPRESS long form specification .........................................................................................................................................11

Annex A (informative) EXPRESS-G diagrams ............................................................................................................................................13

Annex B (informative) UML diagram — Systems with components..................................................................................16

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
ISO 23387:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical

Committee CEN/TC 442, Building Information Modelling (BIM), in collaboration with ISO Technical

Committee TC 59, Buildings and civil engineering works, Subcommittee SC 13, Organization and

digitization of information about buildings and civil engineering works, including building information

modelling (BIM), in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN

(Vienna Agreement).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
ISO 23387:2020(E)
Introduction

Building information modelling (BIM) provides a digital process for describing and displaying

information required in the planning, design, construction and operation of constructed facilities. This

approach encompasses all aspects of the built environment, including civil infrastructure, utilities and

public space.

ISO 19650 (all parts) sets out the recommended concepts and principles for business processes across

the built environment sector in support of the management and production of information during the

life cycle of built assets when using building information modelling (BIM). To support the management

and production of information in these business processes, standardization is of the highest importance.

Machine-readable data is essential to provide a reliable and sustainable exchange of information in an

asset life cycle process.

Data templates provide a standardized data structure to describe the characteristics of construction

objects, enabling seamless information exchanges of construction industry business semantics through

the life cycle of any built asset.

Data templates should be standardized and made available across the built environment sector through

data dictionaries based on ISO 12006-3:2007.

Data templates should be used in conjunction with Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) in ISO 16739-1 to

enable and support open BIM processes.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23387:2020(E)
Building information modelling (BIM) — Data templates
for construction objects used in the life cycle of built assets
— Concepts and principles
1 Scope

This document sets out the principles and structure for data templates for construction objects. It is

developed to support digital processes using machine-readable formats using a standard data structure

to exchange information about any type of construction object, e.g. product, system, assembly, space,

building etc., used in the inception, brief, design, production, operation and demolition of facilities.

This document provides the specification of a taxonomy model that defines concepts from

ISO 12006-3:2007, i.e. objects, collections and relationships between them, to support the information

need for the specific purpose of the data template.

This document provides an EXPRESS specification with extensions of the EXPRESS-G notation and

specification from ISO 12006-3:2007. These extensions have been provided to support market needs

developed since the publication of ISO 12006-3 in 2007.

This document provides the rules for linking between data templates and IFC classes within a data

dictionary based on ISO 12006-3:2007.

This document provides the rules for linking between data templates and classification systems within

a data dictionary based on ISO 12006-3:2007.

The target audience of this document is software developers and not construction industry domain

experts appointed to create data templates based on sources describing information needs.

It is not in the scope of this document to provide the content of any data templates. The data structure

provided is intended to be used for developing specific data templates based on standards developed

in ISO/IEC, CEN/CENELEC, national standardization organizations, or other sources describing

information needs.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 10303-11, Industrial automation systems and integration — Product data representation and

exchange — Part 11: Description methods: The EXPRESS language reference manual

ISO 12006-3:2007, Building construction — Organization of information about construction works —

Part 3: Framework for object-oriented information
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 23387:2020
ISO 23387:2020(E)
3.1
component

named and individually scheduled physical item and feature that might require management, such as

inspection, maintenance, servicing or replacement, during the in-use phase
Note 1 to entry: Components can serve as interacting objects in a system (3.13).
[SOURCE: ISO 6707-1:2017, 3.4.1.4, modified — Note 1 to entry has been added.]
3.2
data dictionary

centralized repository of information about data such as meaning, relationships to other data, origin,

usage and format
Note 1 to entry: The definition is from IBM Dictionary of Computing.
[SOURCE: ISO 23386:2020, 3.9]
3.3
data template

data structure used to describe the characteristics of construction objects (3.4)

EXAMPLE 1 A data template provides a view based on an information exchange, e.g. a heating, ventilation and

air conditioning (HVAC) system designer is asking for the descriptions of the HVAC products that can be loaded

into the design system.

EXAMPLE 2 A data template provides manufacturers a standardized data structure that can be applied to any

internal system and/or process of handling product data, e.g. one or several product information management

systems can apply or map to this structure to enable machine readability, both internally and with any requests

from any software using the same data template structure. An HVAC product manufacturer can then answer the

request from any stakeholder including the HVAC system designer.

Note 1 to entry: The relevant scope of the data template can be used together with the term “data template”. E.g.

a data template for a product (3.9) can be named “product data template”. A data template for a system (3.13) can

be named “system data template”, etc.

Note 2 to entry: A data template can be used in an information exchange for a specific purpose for a construction

object in the inception, brief, design, production, operation and demolition of facilities.

3.4
construction object
object of interest in the context of a construction process
EXAMPLE 1 The construction object “wall” is a type of system (3.13).

EXAMPLE 2 The construction object “calcium silicate masonry unit” is a type of product (3.9).

[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.2, modified — EXAMPLEs 1 and 2 have been added.]
3.5
...

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