Ice-cream freezers - Classification, requirements and test conditions (ISO 22043:2020)

The scope of this European Standard is to define the classification for horizontal closed ice-cream freezers and to specify their requirements and test methods. These appliances are different to supermarket segment freezers, as they work with static air cooling, with a skin evaporator (no evaporator fan) and are used specifically for the storage and display of pre-packed ice-cream. This standard is only applicable to integral type refrigeration systems. This standard is not applicable to remote and secondary system type cabinets. Ice-cream freezers within this standard should have a net volume ≤ 600 l and only for transparent lid ice cream freezers they should have a Net Volume/TDA ≥ 0,35 m.

Speiseeis-Gefriermaschinen - Klassifikation, Anforderungen und Prüfbedingungen (ISO 22043:2020)

Dieses Dokument legt die Klassifizierung von geschlossenen horizontalen Speiseeis-Gefriermaschinen mit Produktzugang von oben und deren Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren fest.
Die in diesem Dokument definierten Speiseeis-Gefriermaschinen unterscheiden sich von Gefriermaschinen für den Supermarktbereich, da sie mit statischer Luftkühlung mit Außenwandverdampfer (ohne Verdampferventilator) betrieben und eigens für die Lagerung und die Ausstellung von vorverpacktem Speiseeis verwendet werden.
Dieses Dokument gilt ausschließlich für eingebaute Kälteanlagen. Es gilt nicht für Kühlmöbel mit getrennt aufgestellter und indirekter Kälteanlagen. Die in diesem Dokument definierten Speiseeis-Gefriermaschinen sollen über einen Nettoinhalt von ≤ 600 l verfügen. Davon ausgenommen sind Speiseeis-Gefriermaschinen mit transparentem Deckel, bei denen das Verhältnis Nettoinhalt/TDA ≥ 0,35 m betragen sollte.

Congélateurs pour crèmes glacées - Classification, exigences et conditions d'essai (ISO 22043:2020)

Zamrzovalniki za sladoled - Razvrstitev, zahteve in preskusni pogoji (ISO 22043:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
18-Jul-2019
Publication Date
13-Dec-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
10-Dec-2020
Due Date
14-Feb-2021
Completion Date
14-Dec-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
01-februar-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 16901:2017
Zamrzovalniki za sladoled - Razvrstitev, zahteve in preskusni pogoji (ISO
22043:2020)

Ice-cream freezers - Classification, requirements and test conditions (ISO 22043:2020)

Speiseeis-Gefriermaschinen - Klassifikation, Anforderungen und Prüfbedingungen (ISO

22043:2020)

Congélateurs pour crèmes glacées - Classification, exigences et conditions d'essai (ISO

22043:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 22043:2020
ICS:
97.040.30 Hladilni aparati za dom Domestic refrigerating
appliances
97.130.20 Hladilne naprave za trgovine Commercial refrigerating
appliances
SIST EN ISO 22043:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
EN ISO 22043
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.130.20 Supersedes EN 16901:2016
English Version
Ice-cream freezers - Classification, requirements and test
conditions (ISO 22043:2020)

Congélateurs pour crèmes glacées - Classification, Speiseeis-Gefriermaschinen - Klassifikation,

exigences et conditions d'essai (ISO 22043:2020) Anforderungen und Prüfbedingungen (ISO

22043:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 November 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 22043:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
EN ISO 22043:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
EN ISO 22043:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 22043:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 86

"Refrigeration and air-conditioning" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 44

“Commercial and Professional Refrigerating Appliances and Systems, Performance and Energy

Consumption” the secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 16901:2016.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 22043:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 22043:2020 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22043
First edition
2020-11
Ice-cream freezers — Classification,
requirements and test conditions
Congélateurs pour crèmes glacées — Classification, exigences et
conditions d'essai
Reference number
ISO 22043:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Parts of ice-cream freezers ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Physical aspects and dimensions ............................................................................................................................................ 2

3.4 Performance characteristics........................................................................................................................................................ 3

3.5 Test environment .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 Classification and requirements .......................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 Classification ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.1 Construction ........................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.2.2 Materials ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.2.3 Refrigerating system..................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2.4 Electrical components ........................................................................................................................................... ...... 6

5.2.5 Operating characteristics ......................................................................................................................................... 7

6 Tests ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2 Tests outside test room .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2.2 Seal test for lids ................................................................................................................................................................. 8

6.2.3 Test on durability of lid .............................................................................................................................................. 8

6.2.4 Linear dimensions, areas and volumes ........................................................................................................ 9

6.2.5 Net volume calculation ............................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Tests inside test room ....................................................................................................................................................................10

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.3.2 Test room conditions ........................................................................................................................................... ......10

6.3.3 Test packages and life-time .................................................................................................................................11

6.3.4 Instruments, measuring equipment and measuring expanded

measurement uncertainty ....................................................................................................................................16

6.3.5 Preparation of test ice-cream freezer .........................................................................................................17

6.3.6 Test on ice-cream freezers ....................................................................................................................................25

7 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................30

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................30

7.2 Tests outside test room .................................................................................................................................................................30

7.3 Tests inside test room ....................................................................................................................................................................30

8 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................32

8.1 Load limit ..................................................................................................................................................................................................32

8.2 Marking plate ........................................................................................................................................................................................34

8.3 Information to be supplied by the manufacturer ...................................................................................................34

Annex A (informative) Ice-cream freezer families ..............................................................................................................................36

Annex B (normative) Equivalent volume calculation ......................................................................................................................37

Annex C (normative) TDA calculation ..............................................................................................................................................................38

Annex D (informative) Test for absence of odour and taste ......................................................................................................41

Annex E (normative) Performance and energy rating of ice-cream freezers .........................................................43

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................44

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 86, Refrigeration and air-conditioning,

Subcommittee SC 7, Testing and rating of commercial refrigerated display cabinets, in collaboration with

the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 44, Commercial and

professional refrigerating appliances and systems, performance and energy consumption, in accordance

with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22043:2020(E)
Ice-cream freezers — Classification, requirements and test
conditions
1 Scope

This document specifies the classification for horizontal closed ice-cream freezer with access of the

product from the top via transparent or solid lid(s) and specifies their requirements and test methods.

The ice-cream freezers defined in this document are different from supermarket segment freezers, as

they work with static air cooling, with a skin evaporator (no evaporator fan) and are used specifically

for the storage and display of pre-packed ice-cream.

This document is only applicable to integral type refrigeration systems. It is not applicable to remote

and secondary system type cabinets. Ice-cream freezers defined in this document are intended to

have a net volume ≤600 l. For transparent lid ice-cream freezers only, they are intended to have a net

volume/TDA ≥ 0,35 m.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 817, Refrigerants — Designation and safety classification

ISO 5149-2, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 2:

Design, construction, testing, marking and documentation

EN 60335-1, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60335-1)

EN 60335-2-89, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-89: Particular requirements

for commercial refrigerating appliances with an incorporated or remote refrigerant condensing unit or

compressor (IEC 60335-2-89)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1 General
3.1.1
ice-cream freezer

horizontal closed refrigerated cabinet intended to store and/or display and sell pre-packed ice

cream where access by the consumer to the pre-packed ice cream is gained by opening a lid (solid or

transparent) from the top

Note 1 to entry: See Annex A for the designation of the ice-cream freezer family.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
3.2 Parts of ice-cream freezers
3.2.1
condensing unit

combination of one or more compressors, condensers and liquid receivers (when required) and the

regularly furnished accessories
3.2.2
night cover

top cover permanently integrated into the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1) used to reduce the heat ingress (e.g.

by infrared radiation or convection) during the period when there are no sales
3.3 Physical aspects and dimensions
3.3.1
depth

horizontal distance between the front and the rear of the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1)

3.3.2
width

horizontal distance between the two external sides of the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1)

3.3.3
height
vertical distance from the bottom to the top of the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1)
3.3.4
load limit

boundary surface consisting of a plane or several planes within which all M-packages (3.5.1) can be

maintained within the limits for the declared M-package temperature class
3.3.5
load limit line

permanently marked boundary line denoting the edge of the load limit (3.3.4) surface

3.3.6
net volume
storage volume inside the appliance which can be used for storage of products
Note 1 to entry: The calculation method in 6.2.5 shall be applied.
3.3.7
gross volume

volume within the inside walls of the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1) or compartment, including internal

fittings and the lid when closed
3.3.8
equivalent volume
reference volume corrected for compartment temperature classification
Note 1 to entry: The calculation method in Annex B shall be applied.
3.3.9
total display area
TDA

total visible foodstuffs area, including visible area through the glazing, defined by the sum of horizontal

and vertical projected surface areas of the net volume (3.3.6)
Note 1 to entry: For the calculation method see Annex C.
2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
3.3.10
footprint
surface occupied by the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1)
3.4 Performance characteristics
3.4.1
normal conditions of use

operating conditions which exist when the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1), including all permanently located

accessories, has been set up and situated in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer

and is in service

Note 1 to entry: The effects of actions by non-technical personnel for the purposes of, e.g. loading, unloading,

cleaning, defrosting, the manipulation of accessible controls and of any removable accessories, according

to the manufacturer's instructions are applicable within this definition. The effects of actions resulting from

interventions by technical personnel for the purposes of maintenance or repair are outside this definition.

3.4.2
defrost
removal of frost, snow and ice from an ice-cream freezer (3.1.1)
3.4.3
total energy consumption
TEC
total amount of energy used by an ice-cream freezer (3.1.1)
3.4.4
specific energy consumption for ice-cream freezers
SEC

index of the efficiency of the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1), expressed as the ratio of TEC divided by equivalent

volume (3.3.8) (TEC/Equivalent volume)
3.4.5
product temperature

one of the classifications document establishing the performance level of the ice-cream freezer (3.1.1)

Note 1 to entry: Defined in Table 1.
3.4.6
relative compressor running time

ratio of compressor running time to overall duration of a measurement cycle excluding defrost time

3.5 Test environment
3.5.1
M-package
test package fitted with a temperature measuring device
3.5.2
climate class

classification of the test room climate according to the dry bulb temperature and relative humidity

3.5.3
M-package temperature class

classification of M-package (3.5.1) temperature according to the temperatures of the warmest

M-packages during the temperature test
3.5.4
ice-cream freezer classification

designation given by the combination of climate class (3.5.2) and M-package temperature class (3.5.3)

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
4 Symbols and abbreviated terms

t running time — time during which the compressor is running within the 24 h test period

run

t stopping time — time during which the compressor is not running within the 24 h test period

stop
and excluding defrost time
Δt time between two consecutive measurement samples
N number of measuring samples in the 24 h test period
max
RH Relative humidity

SEC specific energy consumption for ice-cream freezers expressed in kilowatt hours per 24 h

per m (TEC/V );
TEC total energy consumption in kilowatt hours per 24 h period
T relative or percentage running time:
run
t = (1)
tt+
runstop
where t + t = 24 h
run stop

t time in which 90 % of a sudden temperature change of 20 °C is indicated, the measurement

medium being moderately agitated air (velocity 1 m/s)
V equivalent volume
V net volume
5 Classification and requirements
5.1 Classification

The classification of the ice-cream freezers is done according to temperature. The performance of ice-

cream freezers shall comply with one of the classifications defined in Table 1. The performance shall be

verified in accordance with the conditions and test methods specified in Annex E.

Table 1 — Classification according to temperature
Class Warmest M-package Warmest M-package
temperature colder or maximum temperature
equal to in all tests except lid rise allowed
opening test
C1 −18,0 2,0
C2 −7,0 2,0
S Special classification 2,0
4 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
5.2 Requirements
5.2.1 Construction
5.2.1.1 Strength and rigidity

The ice-cream freezer and its parts shall be constructed with adequate strength and rigidity for normal

conditions of handling, transport and use. Attention shall be given to the following:

a) interior fittings shall be sufficiently strong for the duty required;

b) where sliding shelves, baskets or trays are fitted they shall retain their shape and ease of movement

when fully loaded;

c) any fitments which are provided with stops to prevent accidental removal shall be self-supporting

when fully loaded and withdrawn to the limit of the stops.
5.2.1.2 Pipes and connections

Pipes and connections to moving or resiliently mounted parts shall be arranged so as not to foul or

transmit harmful vibrations to other parts. All other pipes and connections shall be securely anchored

and have sufficient free length and/or vibration eliminators to prevent failure due to fatigue. Where

necessary, pipes and valves shall be adequately thermally insulated.
5.2.1.3 Lids

Lids shall be condensate-free at the climate class specified by the manufacturer.

When any lids provided to ensure an air seal to the refrigerated space are closed, there shall be no

undue leakage of ambient air into the interior (see 6.2.1). The lids shall not open of their own accord.

The gasket shall be made from a material whose characteristics are compatible with the operating

conditions (especially temperatures). If the fastening device is mechanical, a stop or other means shall

be provided to prevent the gasket from being excessively deformed.
5.2.1.4 Joints and seams

All construction joints and seams within the net volume shall prevent the accumulation of potentially

contaminating substances. All construction joints and seams within the net volume shall permit the

easy removal of any deposits of potentially contaminating substances.
5.2.2 Materials
5.2.2.1 General

The materials shall be durable and shall not favour the development of mould or emit odours. Under

normal conditions of use, materials in contact with foodstuffs shall be resistant to moisture and shall

neither be toxic nor contaminate them.
5.2.2.2 Corrosion resistance

Metal parts, used in the construction of cabinets, shall have resistance to corrosion appropriate to their

location and function.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 22043:2021
ISO 22043:2020(E)
5.2.2.3 Thermal insulation

The thermal insulation shall be efficient and permanently fixed. In particular, the insulating material

shall not be subject to shrinkage and shall not allow, under normal working conditions, an accumulation

of moisture.

Suitable means shall be used to prevent deterioration of the thermal insulation by the ingress of

moisture.

Where the insulation space is vented to the inside, it shall be ensured that particles of the insulation

material cannot escape into the foodstuff display compartment.

For fibrous insulation materials, it shall not be possible to insert a rigid probe of 1 mm diameter through

any aperture which allows access to the insulating material, the probe being applied with negligible force.

5.2.3 Refrigerating system
5.2.3.1 Design and construction

The design and construction of all parts of the refrigerating system subject to internal pressure shall

take into account the maximum working pressure to which they are subjected when the ice cream

freezer is in operation or at rest. The maximum ambient temperature during transit shall be taken into

account. All refrigerant containing components shall be in
...

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