The present document is aimed at defining the topology and level of analysis to assess the energy efficiency of mobile
networks. Within the scope of the present document there is the radio access part of the mobile networks, and namely
there are radio base stations, backhauling systems, radio controllers and other infrastructure radio site equipment. The
covered technologies are GSM, UMTS, LTE and 5G New Radio (NR). In particular the present document defines
metrics for mobile network energy efficiency and methods for assessing (and measuring) energy efficiency in
operational networks. The purpose of the present document is to allow better comprehension of networks energy
efficiency, in particular considering the networks' evolution in different periods in time.
Aiming to consider also the slicing approach of the networks from 5G onwards the metrics are extended to the latency
of the network itself related to the energy consumed, additionally to the metrics based on traffic and on coverage,
already existing for legacy networks and still valid.
The present document deals with both a homogeneous and heterogeneous "network" considering a network whose size
and scale could be defined by topologic, geographic or demographic boundaries. For networks defined by topologic
boundaries, a possible example of a network covered by the present document consists of a control node (whenever
applicable), its supported access nodes as well as the related network elements. Networks could be defined by
geographic boundaries, such as city-wide, national or continental networks and could be defined by demographic
boundaries, such as urban or rural networks.
The present document applies to the so-called "partial" networks for which a measurement method is also
recommended. The specification extends the measurements in partial networks to wider so-called "total" networks
energy efficiency estimations (i.e. the network in a geographic area, the network in a whole country, the network of a
MNO, etc.).
Terminal (end-user) equipment is outside the scope of the present document and is not considered in the energy
efficiency measurement.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the
Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service.
It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel
separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, intended for speech and/or data.
It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech.
The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a receiver and associated
demodulator and decoder.
The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
1) base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
2) mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and
3) those handportable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector , but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω
Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input.
Handportable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary
internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.

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The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurement for the common external power
supply (EPS) for use with data-enabled mobile telephones as described in CENELEC EN 62684 [3].
The present document covers the essential requirements of article 6 of Directive 2014/30/EU under the conditions
identified in annex A.
In case of differences (for instance concerning special conditions, definitions and abbreviations) between the present
document and ETSI EN 301 489-1 [1], the provisions of the present document take precedence.

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This product standard applies to wireless communication devices used in close proximity to the human ear (e.g. mobile phones, wireless headsets). The applicable frequency range is from 300 MHz to 6 GHz.
The objective of this standard is to demonstrate the compliance of such devices with the basic restrictions and exposure limit values related to human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields.
For devices used next to the body or in front of the face the applicable product standard is EN 50566:2017.
For low power devices the applicable product standard is prEN 50663:2016.

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This product standard is related to human exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields transmitted by base station equipment in the frequency range 110 MHz to 100 GHz.
The object is to assess the compliance of such equipment with the general public basic restrictions (directly or indirectly via compliance with reference levels) and the workers’ exposure limits values (directly or indirectly via compliance with action values), when it is put into service in its operational environment.

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This product standard applies to wireless communication devices used at distances up to and including 200 mm from the human body, i.e. when held in the hand or in front of the face, mounted on the body, combined with other transmitting or non-transmitting devices or accessories (e.g. belt-clip, camera or Bluetooth add-on), or embedded in garments. The applicable frequency range is from 30 MHz to 6 GHz.
The objective of this standard is to demonstrate the compliance of such devices with the basic restrictions and exposure limit values related to human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields.
For devices used next to the ear the applicable product standard is EN 50360:2017.
For low power devices the applicable product standard is prEN 50663:2016.

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This product standard is related to human exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields transmitted by base station equipment in the frequency range 110 MHz to 100 GHz. The object is to assess the compliance of such equipment with the general public basic restrictions (directly or indirectly via compliance with reference levels) and the workers’ exposure limits values (directly or indirectly via compliance with action levels), when it is put into service in its operational environment.

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This product standard applies to wireless communication devices used in close proximity to the human ear (e.g. mobile phones, wireless headsets). The applicable frequency range is from 300 MHz to 6 GHz. The objective of this standard is to demonstrate the compliance of such devices with the basic restrictions and exposure limit values related to human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields. For devices used next to the body or in front of the face the applicable product standard is EN 50566:2017. For low power devices the applicable product standard is EN 50663:2017.

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This product standard applies to wireless communication devices used at distances up to and including 200 mm from the human body, i.e. when held in the hand or in front of the face, mounted on the body, combined with other transmitting or non-transmitting devices or accessories (e.g. belt-clip, camera or Bluetooth add-on), or integrated into garments. The applicable frequency range is from 30 MHz to 6 GHz. The objective of this standard is to demonstrate the compliance of such devices with the basic restrictions and exposure limit values related to human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields. For devices used next to the ear the applicable product standard is EN 50360:2017 [1]. For low power devices the applicable product standard is EN 50663:2017 [2].

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The present document is aimed at defining the topology and level of analysis to assess the energy efficiency of mobile
networks. Within the scope of the present document there is the radio access part of the mobile networks, and namely
there are radio base stations, backhauling systems, radio controllers and other infrastructure radio site equipment. The
covered technologies are GSM, UMTS and LTE (including LTE-A). In particular the present document defines metrics
for mobile network energy efficiency and methods for assessing (and measuring) energy efficiency in operational
networks. The purpose of the present document is to allow better comprehension of networks energy efficiency.
The present document deals with both a homogeneous and heterogeneous "network" considering a network whose size
and scale could be defined by topologic, geographic or demographic boundaries. For networks defined by topologic
boundaries, a possible example of a network covered by the present document consists of a control node (whenever
applicable), its supported access nodes as well as the related network elements. Networks could be defined by
geographic boundaries, such as city-wide, national or continental networks and could be defined by demographic
boundaries, such as urban or rural networks.
The present document applies to the so-called "partial" networks where energy efficiency is measured in standardized
way. The specification extends the measurements in partial networks to wider so-called "total" networks energy
efficiency estimations (i.e. the network in a geographic area, the network in a whole country, the network of a MNO,
etc.).
Terminal (end-user) equipment is outside the scope of the present document and is not considered in the energy
efficiency measurement.

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The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference
and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies for analogue and digital PMR446 equipment in the land mobile
service.
PMR 446 equipment is hand portable (no base station or repeater use); short range peer to peer mode; uses integral
antennas only; effective radiated power not exceeding 500 mW and angle modulated.
The band from 446,0 MHz to 446,2 MHz is designated for the use of analogue PMR 446 with a channel plan based on
12,5 kHz spacing where the lowest carrier frequency is 446,006 25 MHz.
The band from 446,1 MHz to 446,2 MHz is designated for the use of digital PMR 446 with a channel plan based on
6,25 kHz and 12,5 kHz spacing where the lowest carrier frequencies are 446,103 125 MHz and 446,106 25 MHz
respectively.
The band from 446,0 MHz to 446,2 MHz is designated for the use of digital PMR 446 with a channel plan based on
6,25 kHz and 12,5 kHz spacing where the lowest carrier frequencies are 446,003 125 MHz and 446,006 25 MHz
respectively as of 1 January 2018.
Analogue PMR446 equipment operating in the frequency range from 446,1 MHz to 446,2 MHz uses more robust
receivers as specified in ETSI TS 103 236 [2].
As defined in ECC/DEC/(15)05 [i.6] Analogue PMR446 equipment operating in the frequency range from 446,0 MHz
to 446,1 MHz should use more robust receivers as specified in ETSI TS 103 236 [2] or equivalent technical
specifications when placed on the market as of 1 January 2017.
As defined in ECC/DEC/(15)05 [i.6] all analogue and digitial PMR 446 radio equipment should have reception
capability and equipment having Push-To-Talk (PTT) functionality capable of being latched 'on' should apply a
180 seconds maximum transmitter time-out; equipment having no Push-To-Talk (PTT) functionality should apply a
180 seconds maximum transmitter time-out and VOX (Voice activation exchange) control.
The present document assumes that digital PMR446 equipment using 6,25 kHz channel spacing is compliant with ETSI
TS 102 490 [4].
The present document assumes that digital PMR446 equipment using 12,5 kHz channel spacing is compliant with ETSI
TS 102 361-1 [5].
The present document contains requirements to demonstrate that "... Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both
effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference" and that "....radio
equipment supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services" [i.7].
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Radio Equipment Directive [i.7] may apply to equipment within the scope of the
present document.

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The present document contains design guidelines for mobile devices and applications that will enable persons with
limited cognitive, language and learning abilities (including people with age-related cognitive impairments) to have an
improved user experience when using mobile ICT devices and applications.
The guidelines apply to the design of:
 mobile ICT devices;
 mobile applications (whether they are standalone or whether they provide access to related services).
The guidelines in the present document complement existing usability and accessibility guidelines.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the
Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service.
It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel
separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, intended for speech and/or data.
It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech.
The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a receiver and associated
demodulator and decoder. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
• base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
• mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and
• those handportable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector , but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω
Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input.
Handportable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary
internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Radio Equipment Directive [i.2] may apply to equipment within the scope of the
present document.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 3 GHz, with narrow channel separations (CSP) (less than 10 kHz) and intended for speech and/or data. It is the intention of the present document to cover any Channel Bandwidths (CBW) permitted by National Administrations for such systems, e.g. 6,25 kHz. In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, environmental conditions and types of equipment where appropriate.
In the present document, data transmission systems are defined as systems which transmit and/or receive data and/or digitized voice. The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator and decoder.
The present document covers equipment which may use constant envelope or non-constant envelope modulation.
The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
- base station: equipment fitted with antenna connector;
- mobile station: equipment fitted with antenna connector.
Handportable stations:
a) either fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input.
Handportable station equipment without an external or internal Radio Frequency (RF) connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.
The present document contains requirements to demonstrate that "... Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference" and that
"....radio equipment supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services" [i.3].
In addition to the present document, other ENs (e.g. ETSI EN 301 489-1 [i.4] and ETSI EN 301 489-5 [i.5]) that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under the Radio Equipment Directive [i.3], may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for multiple channel radio transmitters used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service.
It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 3 GHz, with channel separations of < 10 kHz, 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz, 25 kHz, 50 kHz, 100 kHz and 150 kHz.
It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech and/or analogue speech and using constant envelope or non-constant envelope modulation.
The equipment comprises a transmitter capable of simultaneous amplification or transmission on two or more RF channels, or an amplifier which when operated with transmitter equipment provides simultaneous transmission on two or more RF channels. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
• base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
• mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
• those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector (integral antenna equipment), but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output; and
• any equipment that may be used in combination with any of the above equipments when directly connected to those equipments for the amplification of the transmitter output signals of two or more individual equipments.
Types of equipment not covered by the present document are as follows:
• hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document;
• any equipment using passive combining solutions where each transmitter connected to the passive combining system transmits on a single channel, as detailed in ETSI EG 200 053 [i.2], clause H.3.
These specifications apply to the transmitter or transmitter amplifier only. If a receiver is fitted to the same equipment, the receiver specifications in the relevant specification (references [i.5] to [i.12]) also apply.
These specifications do not necessarily include all the characteristics that may be required by a user of equipment, nor do they necessarily represent the optimum performance achievable.
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the Radio Equipment Directive [i.3] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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The present document applies to constant envelope angle modulation systems for use in the land mobile service, using
the available bandwidth, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel separations of
12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz intended for transmission and/or reception of signals used to initiate a specific response
in the receiver.The present document applies to non-speech and to the non-speech part of combined speech/non-speech analogue
equipment. In the present document, non-speech radio equipment is defined as a radio equipment transmitting a signal
to initiate a specific response in the receiver. The equipment shall comprise a transmitter and associated encoder and/or
a receiver and associated decoder. The encoder and/or decoder may be a separate piece of equipment, in which case
compliance to the present document covers the encoder and/or decoder in connection with the transmitter and/or
receiver equipment.
In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations,
environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate.
The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
• Base Station: equipment fitted with an antenna socket;
• Mobile Station: equipment fitted with an antenna socket;
• Handportable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna socket; or
b) without an external antenna socket (integral antenna equipment) but fitted with a permanent internal or a
temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output
and the receiver input.
Handportable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary
internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document. Integral antenna equipment is covered by ETSI
EN 300 341 [i.1] (see the corresponding scope).
The present document contains requirements to demonstrate that "... Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both
effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference" and that "....radio
equipment supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services" [i.5].
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Radio Equipment Directive [i.5] may apply to equipment within the scope of the
present document.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the
Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service.
It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel
separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, primarily intended for analogue speech.
The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator. The
types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
• base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
• mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and
• those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector, but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω
Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input.
NOTE: Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of
having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document (integral antenna
equipment is covered by ETSI EN 300 296 [i.1]).
The present document contains requirements to demonstrate that "... radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both
effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference" and that
"....radio equipment supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services" [i.7].
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the Radio Equipment Directive [i.7] may apply to equipment within the scope of the
present document.

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The present document defines metrics and measurement methods applicable for the following systems and nodes
defined in TS 123 002 [i.3]:
• Mobile core functions (GGSN, HLR, MGW, MME, MSC, SGSN and PGW/SGW).
• Radio Access Controller (RNC).
Later revisions of the present document will include Base Station Controller (BSC) and IMS core functions (BGCF,
CSCF, HSS, IBCF, MRFC, MRFP, SLF and LRF).

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations and
technical requirements for TMO repeater in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service.
It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 3 GHz, with channel
separations of 25 kHz, 50 kHz, 100 kHz and 150 kHz.
It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech.
The equipment (base station and mobile station) comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a
receiver and associated demodulator and decoder.
The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
• base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
• mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
• TMO Repeater; and
• those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector (integral antenna equipment), but fitted with a permanent internal
or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter
output and the receiver input.
Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary
internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.
These specifications do not necessarily include all the characteristics which may be required by a user of equipment, nor
do they necessarily represent the optimum performance achievable.
The present document contains requirements to demonstrate that "... Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both
effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference" and that "....radio
equipment supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services" [i.3].
In addition to the present document, other ENs (e.g. ETSI EN 301 489-1 [i.7] and ETSI EN 301 489-5 [i.8]) that specify
technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under the Radio Equipment Directive [i.3], may apply to
equipment within the scope of the present document.

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The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies.
The present document applies to equipment with integral antennas, used in angle modulation systems in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 000 MHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, and is intended primarily for analogue speech.
In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations, environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate.
The present document is complementary to ETSI EN 300 086 [i.6], which covers radio equipment with an internal or external RF connector, for use in the land mobile service.
The present document may apply to PMR446 equipment as defined in [i.7]. Note that PMR446 equipment has a requirement to incorporate a receiver and may have requirements for 180 s maximum transmission time and VOX.
The present document contains requirements to demonstrate that "... Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both
effectively uses and supports the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference" and that "....radio equipment supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services" [i.8].
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the Radio Equipment Directive [i.8] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations and technical requirements for TMO repeater in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 3 GHz, with channel separations of 25 kHz, 50 kHz, 100 kHz and 150 kHz. It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech. The equipment (base station and mobile station) comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator and decoder. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
-base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
-mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
-TMO Repeater; and
-those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector (integral antenna equipment), but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input. Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document. These specifications do not necessarily include all the characteristics which may be required by a user of equipment, nor do they necessarily represent the optimum performance achievable. The present document is intended to cover the provisions of article 3.2 of Directive 1999/5/EC [i.4] (R&TTE Directive), which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference". In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [i.4] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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The scope of this Technical Report is to explore developments in the use of mobile phones as RFID interrogators. It uses as a datum the communication protocols developed for near field communication, which have a defined level of security. This Technical Report will explore known developments in the use of mobile phones as RFID interrogators including (but not limited to): - extending NFC phone capabilities to read RFID tags compliant with ISO/IEC 15693 and ISO/IEC 18000-3 Mode 1; - using mobile phones as interrogators for UHF tags based on ISO/IEC 18000-6 Type C; - the development of multi-protocol readers capable of switching between high frequency and UHF. The objective of the Technical Report is to identify specific characteristics associated with mobile phones being used as interrogators with tags that are primarily intended for other purposes. It will identify some potential threats associated with the technology. It will also identify gaps in the standardization process that might need to be addressed to mitigate against such threats. To counterbalance any negative implications, the Technical Report also identifies real and potential applications that could lead to an accelerated take-up of RFID and the Internet of Things through mobile phones being used as RFID interrogators by individual citizens and organizations.

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The scope of this Technical Report is to explore developments in the use of mobile phones as RFID interrogators. It uses as a datum the communication protocols developed for near field communication, which have a defined level of security. This Technical Report will explore known developments in the use of mobile phones as RFID interrogators including (but not limited to):
—   extending NFC phone capabilities to read RFID tags compliant with ISO/IEC 15693 and ISO/IEC 18000-3 Mode 1;
—   using mobile phones as interrogators for UHF tags based on ISO/IEC 18000-6 Type C;
—   the development of multi-protocol readers capable of switching between high frequency and UHF.
The objective of the Technical Report is to identify specific characteristics associated with mobile phones being used as interrogators with tags that are primarily intended for other purposes. It will identify some potential threats associated with the technology. It will also identify gaps in the standardization process that might need to be addressed to mitigate against such threats.
To counterbalance any negative implications, the Technical Report also identifies real and potential applications that could lead to an accelerated take-up of RFID and the Internet of Things through mobile phones being used as RFID interrogators by individual citizens and organizations.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for multiple channel radio transmitters used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 3 GHz, with channel separations of < 10 kHz, 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz, 25 kHz, 50 kHz, 100 kHz and 150 kHz. It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech and/or analogue speech and using constant envelope or non-constant envelope modulation. The equipment comprises a transmitter capable of simultaneous amplification or transmission on two or more RF channels, or an amplifier which when operated with transmitter equipment provides simultaneous transmission on two or more RF channels. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
- base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
- mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
- those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector (integral antenna equipment), but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter
output;
- and any equipment that may be used in combination with any of the above equipments when directly
connected to those equipments for the amplification of the transmitter output signals of two or more individual equipments. Types of equipment not covered by the present document are as follows:
- hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document;
- any equipment using passive combining solutions where each transmitter connected to the passive combining system transmits on a single channel, as detailed in EG 200 053 [i.13], clause H.3. These specifications apply to the transmitter or transmitter amplifier only. If a receiver is fitted to the same equipment, the receiver specifications in the relevant specification (references [i.5] to [i.12]) should apply. These specifications do not necessarily include all the characteristics that may be required by a user of equipment, nor do they necessarily represent the optimum performance achievable. The present document is intended to cover the provisions of article 3.2 of Directive 1999/5/EC [i.3] (R&TTE Directive), which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference".
In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements
under other parts of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [i.3] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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This European Standard specifies in the vicinity of base station as defined in 3.2 the measurement methods, the measurement systems and the post processing that shall be used to determine in-situ the electromagnetic field for human exposure assessment in the frequency range 100 kHz to 300 GHz.

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This basic standard applies to Base Stations as defined in Clause 4, operating in the frequency range 110 MHz to 40 GHz. The objective of this basic standard is to specify, for such equipment and when it is put into service in its operational environment, the methods to assess the value of the Total Exposure Ratio or to establish whether the Total Exposure Ratio is less than or equal to one in relevent areas where the general public has access.

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The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies. The present document applies to equipment with integral antennas, used in angle modulation systems in the land mobile
service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 000 MHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, and is intended primarily for analogue speech. In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations, environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate. The present document is complementary to EN 300 086 [i.4], which covers radio equipment with an internal or external RF connector, for use in the land mobile service. The present document may apply to PMR446 equipment as defined in CEPT/ERC/DEC(98)25 [i.6]. Note that PMR446 equipment has a requirement to incorporate a receiver and may have requirements for 180 s maximum transmission time and VOX.

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The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies. The present document applies to equipment with integral antennas, used in angle modulation systems in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 000 MHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, and is intended primarily for analogue speech. In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations, environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate. The present document is complementary to EN 300 086 [i.7], which covers radio equipment with an internal or external RF connector, for use in the land mobile service. The present document may apply to PMR446 equipment as defined in [i.8]. Note that PMR446 equipment has a requirement to incorporate a receiver and may have requirements for 180 s maximum transmission time and VOX.

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This basic standard applies to Base Stations as defined in Clause 4, operating in the frequency range 110 MHz to 40 GHz. The objective of this basic standard is to specify, for such equipment and when it is put into service in its operational environment, the methods to assess the value of the Total Exposure Ratio or to establish whether the Total Exposure Ratio is less than or equal to one in relevent areas where the general public has access.

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Revise LBT definition as decided during ERM#38.
The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies. The present document applies to equipment with integral antennas, used in angle modulation systems in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 000 MHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, and is intended primarily for analogue speech. In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations, environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate. The present document is complementary to EN 300 086 [i.7], which covers radio equipment with an internal or external RF connector, for use in the land mobile service.

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Revise LBT definition as decided during ERM#38.
The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies. The present document applies to equipment with integral antennas, used in angle modulation systems in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 000 MHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, and is intended primarily for analogue speech. In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations, environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate. The present document is complementary to EN 300 086 [i.4], which covers radio equipment with an internal or external RF connector, for use in the land mobile service.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, primarily intended for analogue speech.The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and
those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector, but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input. Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.

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Alignment of the technical contents with other more recent documents and general editorial review. New HS format and new requirements table. Integration of any outstanding approved change requests. Update references. Alignment with revised spurious emission limits.
The present document applies to the radio equipment as defined in EN 301 783-1 [1]. The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC [i.1] (R&TTE Directive) which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference". In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of Article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [i.1] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, primarily intended for analogue speech.The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
- base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
- mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and
- those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector, but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input. Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.

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Alignment of the technical contents with other more recent documents and general editorial review.  Integration of any outstanding approved change requests. Update references. Alignment with revised spurious emission limits.
The present document applies to the following radio equipment types:
- Radio equipment intended to be used by radio amateurs within the meaning of article 1, definition 53, of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Radio Regulations [1] and which is available commercially. NOTE: It is noted that this sort of equipment is traditionally supplied with an antenna connector.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies in all or in any part of the frequencies as given below, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, intended for speech and/or data.
It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech. The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator and decoder. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna socket; or
b) without an external antenna socket, but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50
Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input. Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50
Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.
The present document is intended to cover the provisions of article 3.2 of Directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE Directive) [i.1], which states that "(...) radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radiocommunications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference". In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [i.1] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, intended for speech and/or data.
It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech. The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator and decoder. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
- base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
- mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
- and those handportable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector , but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input. Handportable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.

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The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service. It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 3 GHz, with channel separations of 25 kHz, 50 kHz, 100 kHz and 150 kHz.
It applies to equipment for continuous and/or discontinuous transmission of data and/or digital speech. The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated encoder and modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator and decoder. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector (integral antenna equipment), but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input. Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document. These specifications do not necessarily include all the characteristics which may be required by a user of equipment, nor do they necessarily represent the optimum performance achievable. The present document is intended to cover the provisions of article 3.2 of Directive 1999/5/EC [i.4] (R&TTE Directive), which states that "… radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference". In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [i.4] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document.

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Since the publication of EN 301 166-1 v1.2.1 (2007-07), some technical issues with the receiver section have been identified. The problems were inhereted from v1.1.1. The required changes are small but significant for practical equipment design.

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The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies. The present document applies to equipment with integral antennas, used in angle modulation systems in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 000 MHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, and is intended primarily for analogue speech. In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations, environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate. The present document is complementary to EN 300 086 [i.7], which covers radio equipment with an internal or external RF connector, for use in the land mobile service.

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The present document covers the minimum characteristics considered necessary in order to avoid harmful interference and to make acceptable use of the available frequencies. The present document applies to equipment with integral antennas, used in angle modulation systems in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 000 MHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, and is intended primarily for analogue speech. In the present document different requirements are given for the different radio frequency bands, channel separations, environmental conditions and types of equipment, where appropriate. The present document is complementary to EN 300 086 [i.4], which covers radio equipment with an internal or external RF connector, for use in the land mobile service.

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The present document is applicable to FDD and TDD Mobile Terminal Stations (TS) of Broadband Wireless Access Systems (BWA) in the Frequency Band 3 400 MHz to 3 800 MHz. The document is equally applicable to systems utilizing integral or non integral antennas. The present document is intended to cover the provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC [i.3] (R&TTE Directive) Article 3.2, which states that: "….. radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communications and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference". In addition to the present document, other ENs that specify technical requirements in respect of essential requirements under other parts of Article 3 of the R&TTE Directive [i.3] may apply to equipment within the scope of the present document. The present document does not address those IMT-2000 systems which are considered in EN 301 908 [3].

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This European Standard specifies in the vicinity of base station as defined in 3.2 the measurement methods, the measurement systems and the post processing that shall be used to determine in-situ the electromagnetic field for human exposure assessment in the frequency range 100 kHz to 300 GHz.

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New wording and updated references plus harmonization with recent revisions of EN 300 113 and EN 301 166.
The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service.
It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, primarily intended for analogue speech.
The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
• base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
• mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
• and those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector, but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50 Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input.
Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50
Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.
NOTE: Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document (integral antenna equipment is covered by EN 300 296 [i.1]).

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To incorporate the text and tables corresponding to the sought change of status of the standard.
The present document covers the technical requirements for radio transmitters and receivers used in stations in the Private Mobile Radio (PMR) service.
It applies to use in the land mobile service, operating on radio frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz, with channel separations of 12,5 kHz, 20 kHz and 25 kHz, primarily intended for analogue speech.
The equipment comprises a transmitter and associated modulator and/or a receiver and associated demodulator. The types of equipment covered by the present document are as follows:
• base station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, intended for use in a fixed location);
• mobile station (equipment fitted with an antenna connector, normally used in a vehicle or as a transportable);
and
• those hand portable stations:
a) fitted with an antenna connector; or
b) without an external antenna connector, but fitted with a permanent internal or a temporary internal 50
Ω Radio Frequency (RF) connector which allows access to the transmitter output and the receiver input.
Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document.
NOTE: Hand portable equipment without an external or internal RF connector and without the possibility of having a temporary internal 50 Ω RF connector is not covered by the present document (integral antenna equipment is covered by EN 300 296 [i.4]).

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