Chimneys - Clay/ceramic flue blocks for single wall chimneys - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the requirements for clay/ceramic flue blocks with solid walls or walls with vertical perforations including bonding and non-bonding blocks and their fittings. Non-bonding flue blocks which have insulation in the vertical perforations or attached to the outer walls are also covered by this standard. This standard specifies the performance requirements for factory-made flue blocks.
When they are installed, they will form a part of a multi-wall chimney or a complete chimney which will serve to convey products of combustion from fireplaces or heating appliances to the atmosphere.
This standard includes components used for domestic and industrial chimneys which are not structurally independent (free-standing). Testing, marking and inspection requirements are covered by this standard.
NOTE 1   Flue blocks covered by this standard are manufactured in three forms :
a)   single flue ;
b)   multi-flue ;
c)   flue/ventilation combination.
NOTE 2   Flue blocks may have flues which are either circular, square or rectangular. The joints may have a locating feature such as a rebate.

Abgasanlagen - Keramik - Formblöcke für einschalige Abgasanlagen - Anforderungen und Prüfmethoden

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Anforderungen für Keramik-Formblöcke mit massiven oder vertikal gelochten Wandungen einschließlich eingebundener oder nicht eingebundener Formblöcke und deren Formstücke fest. Nicht eingebundene Formblöcke mit einer Dämmung in der vertikal gelochten Wandung oder an den äußeren Oberflächen der Außenwände werden ebenfalls in dieser Norm berücksichtigt. Diese Norm legt die Leistungsanforderungen für werkmäßig hergestellte Formblöcke fest.
Nach ihrem Einbau bilden die Formblöcke einen Teil einer mehrschaligen Abgasanlage oder eine komplette Abgasanlage, die zur Ableitung von Verbrennungsprodukten von Feuerstätten an die Außenluft bei Unterdruck verwendet wird.
Diese Norm beinhaltet Bauteile für Haus- und industrielle Abgasanlagen, die nicht freistehend sind. Sie enthält ferner Anforderungen an die Prüfung, Kennzeichnung und Qualitätskontrolle.
ANMERKUNG 1   Keramik-Formblöcke nach dieser Norm werden in drei Arten hergestellt:
a)   Formblöcke mit einem Zug,
b)   Formblöcke mit mehreren Zügen,
c)   Formblöcke für ein Luft-Abgassystem.
ANMERKUNG 2   Keramik-Formblöcke können runde, quadratische oder rechteckige Züge haben. Die Formstücke können Verbindungstechnik beinhalten, z. B. Falz.

Conduits de fumée - Boisseaux en terre cuite/céramique pour conduits de fumée simple paroi - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences concernant les boisseaux en terre cuite/céramique munis de parois pleines ou de parois à alvéoles verticales, y compris les boisseaux harpés ou non et leurs accessoires. Les boisseaux (non harpés) qui présentent un isolant dans les alvéoles verticales ou fixé sur les parois extérieures sont également couverts par la présente norme. La présente norme spécifie les exigences de performance des boisseaux fabriqués en usine.
Lorsqu'ils sont installés, ils constituent soit une partie d’un conduit de fumée multiparois soit un conduit de fumée complet destiné à évacuer dans l'atmosphère, les produits de combustion produits par les cheminées ou les générateurs de chaleur.
Cette norme comprend les composants à usage domestique et les conduits de fumée industriels qui ne sont pas structurellement indépendants (auto-stables). Les exigences d'essais, de marquage et d'inspection sont couvertes par la présente norme.
NOTE 1   Les boisseaux couverts par la présente norme sont fabriqués selon trois formes :
a)   simple conduit ;
b)   multi-conduits ;
c)   combinaison conduit de fumée/conduit de ventilation.
NOTE 2   Les boisseaux peuvent avoir des conduits circulaires, carrés ou rectangulaires. Les joints peuvent posséder un dispositif de fixation tel qu'une feuillure.

Dimniki – Keramične tuljave za enoslojne dimnike – Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Jul-2006
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
06-May-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Chimneys - Clay/ceramic flue blocks for single wall chimneys - Requirements and test methodsConduits de fumée - Boisseaux en terre cuite/céramique pour conduits de fumée simple paroi - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiAbgasanlagen - Keramik - Formblöcke für einschalige Abgasanlagen - Anforderungen und PrüfmethodenTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1806:2006SIST EN 1806:2006en91.100.25Ceramic building products91.060.40Dimniki, jaški, kanaliChimneys, shafts, ductsICS:SIST EN 1806:20011DGRPHãþDSLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1806:200601-oktober-2006

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 1806July 2006ICS 91.060.40; 91.100.25Supersedes EN 1806:2000

English VersionChimneys - Clay/ceramic flue blocks for single wall chimneys -Requirements and test methodsConduits de fumée - Boisseaux en terre cuite/céramiquepour conduits de fumée simple paroi - Exigences etméthodes d'essaiAbgasanlagen - Keramik - Formblöcke für einschaligeAbgasanlagen - Anforderungen und PrüfmethodenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 June 2006.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2006 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 1806:2006: E

EN 1806:2006 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................7 4 Types of flue blocks............................................................................................................................10 5 Materials...............................................................................................................................................11 5.1 Flue blocks...........................................................................................................................................11 5.2 Insulation..............................................................................................................................................11 5.2.1 General..................................................................................................................................................11 5.2.2 Shape....................................................................................................................................................12 5.2.3 Thermal conductivity of insulation....................................................................................................12 5.2.4 Resistance to heat...............................................................................................................................12 6 Tolerances on dimensions.................................................................................................................12 6.1 Internal transverse dimensions..........................................................................................................12 6.2 Height....................................................................................................................................................12 6.3 Angles...................................................................................................................................................12 6.4 Straightness.........................................................................................................................................12 6.5 Squareness of ends.............................................................................................................................12 6.6 Squareness of angles and flatness of walls.....................................................................................12 6.7 Joints....................................................................................................................................................12 6.8 Bonding extension...............................................................................................................................13 6.9 Tolerance on insulation thickness.....................................................................................................13 7 Proof load.............................................................................................................................................13 7.1 Straight flue blocks..............................................................................................................................13 7.2 Angle flue blocks.................................................................................................................................13 7.3 Minimum load for inspection opening sections...............................................................................13 7.4 Adhesion between outer wall and insulation....................................................................................14 8 Gas tightness and thermal shock resistance...................................................................................14 8.1 Straight flues blocks...........................................................................................................................14 8.1.1 General..................................................................................................................................................14 8.1.2 Initial gas tightness.............................................................................................................................14 8.1.3 Thermal shock resistance...................................................................................................................14 8.1.4 Final gas tightness after thermal shock testing...............................................................................14 8.2 Angle flue blocks.................................................................................................................................14 9 Condensate resistance.......................................................................................................................15 10 Corrosion resistance...........................................................................................................................15 11 Water absorption and bulk density....................................................................................................15 11.1 General..................................................................................................................................................15 11.2 Water absorption.................................................................................................................................15 11.3 Bulk density..........................................................................................................................................15 12 Abrasion resistance............................................................................................................................16 13 Flow resistance....................................................................................................................................16 14 Thermal resistance..............................................................................................................................16 15 Resistance to fire.................................................................................................................................16

EN 1806:2006 (E) 3 15.1 Internal to external..............................................................................................................................16 15.1.1 Testing at normal operating conditions............................................................................................16 15.1.2 Soot fire test.........................................................................................................................................16 15.2 External to external.............................................................................................................................16 16 Resistance to freeze/thaw...................................................................................................................16 17 Evaluation of conformity....................................................................................................................17 17.1 General.................................................................................................................................................17 17.2 Initial type testing................................................................................................................................17 17.3 Further tests.........................................................................................................................................17 17.4 Factory production control.................................................................................................................17 18 Test methods.......................................................................................................................................18 18.1 Internal transverse dimensions.........................................................................................................18 18.2 Height....................................................................................................................................................18 18.3 Angles...................................................................................................................................................18 18.4 Straightness.........................................................................................................................................18 18.5 Squareness of ends............................................................................................................................19 18.5.1 Gauge test............................................................................................................................................19 18.5.2 Direct measurement test.....................................................................................................................20 18.6 Squareness of angles and flatness of walls.....................................................................................21 18.7 Proof load.............................................................................................................................................22 18.7.1 Test sample..........................................................................................................................................22 18.7.2 Testing equipment...............................................................................................................................22 18.7.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................22 18.8 Thermal performance tests................................................................................................................23 18.8.1 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................23 18.8.2 Test flue................................................................................................................................................24 18.8.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................25 18.8.4 Measurement of permeability rate.....................................................................................................29 18.9 Corrosion resistance test...................................................................................................................30 18.9.1 Test specimens....................................................................................................................................30 18.9.2 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................30 18.9.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................30 18.9.4 Expression of results..........................................................................................................................31 18.10 Water absorption.................................................................................................................................31 18.10.1 Test specimen......................................................................................................................................31 18.10.2 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................31 18.10.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................31 18.10.4 Expression of results..........................................................................................................................31 18.11 Bulk density.........................................................................................................................................32 18.11.1 Test specimen......................................................................................................................................32 18.11.2 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................32 18.11.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................32 18.11.4 Expression of results..........................................................................................................................32 18.12 Abrasion resistance............................................................................................................................32 18.12.1 Test flue................................................................................................................................................32 18.12.2 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................33 18.12.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................33 18.13 Condensate resistance test................................................................................................................35 18.13.1 Test section..........................................................................................................................................35 18.13.2 Test apparatus.....................................................................................................................................35 18.13.3 Procedure.............................................................................................................................................35 18.13.4 Expression of results..........................................................................................................................35 18.14 Adhesion test for insulation attached to outer wall of flue blocks................................................36 18.14.1 Test specimen......................................................................................................................................36 18.14.2 Testing procedure...............................................................................................................................36 18.14.3 Loading.................................................................................................................................................36 19 Designation..........................................................................................................................................37

EN 1806:2006 (E) 4 20 Marking, labelling and packaging......................................................................................................38 Annex A (normative)

Measurement of the coefficient of friction of chimneys...........................................39 Annex B (normative)

Thermal resistance.......................................................................................................41 B.1 Method 1 : simplified calculation for flue blocks without cavities.................................................41 B.2 Method 2 : thermal resistance of flue blocks with or without cavities...........................................41 B.2.1 General..................................................................................................................................................41 B.2.2 Data.......................................................................................................................................................42 B.2.3 Specific conditions for the cavities...................................................................................................43 B.2.4 Calculations..........................................................................................................................................46 B.3 Method Approximate thermal resistance values..............................................................................46 Annex C (normative)

Sampling procedures for an AQL of 10 % and Inspection Level S2.......................47 C.1 Acceptability determination................................................................................................................47 C.1.1 General..................................................................................................................................................47 C.1.2 Single sampling...................................................................................................................................47 C.1.3 Double sampling..................................................................................................................................47 C.2 Normal inspection................................................................................................................................47 C.3 Normal to reduced inspection............................................................................................................49 C.4 Reduced to normal inspection...........................................................................................................49 C.5 Tightened inspection...........................................................................................................................49 C.6 Tightened to normal inspection.........................................................................................................50 C.7 Discontinuation of inspection............................................................................................................50 Annex ZA (informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of EU Construction Products Directives......................................................................................................51 ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics...................................................................................................51 ZA.2 Procedure of attestation of conformity of clay/ceramic flue blocks..............................................54 ZA.2.1 System of attestation of conformity..................................................................................................54 ZA.2.2 EC certificate and declaration of conformity....................................................................................54 ZA.3 CE Marking and labelling....................................................................................................................55 Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................59

EN 1806:2006 (E) 5 Foreword This document (EN 1806:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 166 “Chimneys”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2007, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2007. This document supersedes EN 1806:2000. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EN 1806:2006 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the requirements for clay/ceramic flue blocks with solid walls or walls with vertical perforations including bonding and non-bonding blocks and their fittings. Non-bonding flue blocks which have insulation in the vertical perforations or attached to the outer walls are also covered by this standard. This standard specifies the performance requirements for factory-made flue blocks. When they are installed, they will form a part of a multi-wall chimney or a complete chimney which will serve to convey products of combustion from fireplaces or heating appliances to the atmosphere. This standard includes components used for domestic and industrial chimneys which are not structurally independent (free-standing). Testing, marking and inspection requirements are covered by this standard. NOTE 1 Flue blocks covered by this standard are manufactured in three forms : a) single flue ; b) multi-flue ; c) flue/ventilation combination. NOTE 2 Flue blocks may have flues which are either circular, square or rectangular. The joints may have a locating feature such as a rebate. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 312, Particleboards – Specifications EN 1443:2003, Chimneys – General requirements EN 10088-1, Stainless steels – Part 1: List of stainless steels EN 13384-1, Chimneys – Thermal and fluid dynamic calculation methods – Part 1: Chimneys serving one appliance EN 14297:2004, Chimneys – Freeze-thaw resistance test method for chimney products EN ISO 6946, Building components and building elements - Thermal resistance and thermal transmittance - Calculation method (ISO 6946:1996) EN ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials - Verification of static uniaxial testing machines - Part 1: Tension/compression testing machines - Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system (ISO 7500-1:2004) ISO 2859-1, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 1 : Sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection

EN 1806:2006 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply together with those given in EN 1443:2003. 3.1

angle flue block flue blocks designed to facilitate a change in angle of the axis of a flue (see Figure 2). 3.2

bonding extension part of a flue block which is designed to be bonded into adjacent masonry walls, and forms no part of the chimney 3.3

bonding flue block flue blocks designed to be built wholly or partially into a masonry wall and having a bonding extension

Bonding flue block Non-bonding flue block Figure 1 — Examples of flue block shape 3.4

entry flue block flue block connecting the chimney to the connecting flue pipe or the chimney to the appliance (see Figure 6)

EN 1806:2006 (E) 8
Figure 2 — Examples of angle flue block 3.5

family group of products for which the test for one or more characteristics from any one product within the family are valid for all other products within the family 3.6

flue blocks with attached insulation flue blocks with insulation factory-fitted to the outer walls (see Figure 5).

Figure 3 — Examples of transfer flue blocks 3.7 flue blocks with insulation in vertical perforations flue blocks with perforations within the wall specially designed to house rigid insulation (see Figure 4).

EN 1806:2006 (E) 9
Figure 4 — Example of flue block with insulation in vertical perforations 3.8

nominal height numerical designation of the height in millimetres of a standard flue block excluding any projecting spigot, which is a convenient round number NOTE For a bonding flue block, this is the co-ordinating height which equates to the nominal height of masonry building blocks for walls into which such a flue block is designed to be built.

Figure 5 — Example of flue block with attached insulation
EN 1806:2006 (E) 10 3.9

nominal size numerical designation of size which is a convenient round number equal to or approximately equal to either:  the internal diameter in millimetres of flue blocks with circular section flue; or  the internal width in millimetres of flue blocks with square section flue; or  the internal width and breadth in millimetres of the internal transverse dimensions of flue blocks with rectangular section flue.

Figure 6 — Example of entry flue block 3.10

non-bonding flue block flue blocks designed not to be built into a masonry wall with a bonding extension 3.11 straight flue block flue blocks designed to be used in a vertical section of a chimney having the ends perpendicular to the axis of the flue (see Figure 1). 3.12

transfer flue block flue block which changes the cross-section of the flue from rectangular to circular (see Figure 3). 4 Types of flue blocks Clay/ceramic flue blocks shall be designated according to Clause 19. A non-exhaustive list of abbreviated designation for clay/ceramic flue blocks, according to temperature, pressure, sootfire resistance and condensate resistance (wet and dry conditions) is given in Table 1.

EN 1806:2006 (E) 11 Table 1 — Examples of abbreviated designation for clay/ceramic flue blocks, conditions of use, air test pressures and maximum air permeability rates after thermal testing Type Block Temperature Negative Soot fire Wet or dry Test Maximum air

type
pressure resistance conditions pressure leakage rate
working°C test °C
Pa m3

.s-1.m–2 x10-3 FB1 N2 Non-bonding 600 1 000 N2 Yes Dry 20 3 FB1 N1 Non-bonding 600 1 000 N1 Yes Dry 40 2 FB2 N2 Non-bonding 600 700 N2 No Dry 20 3 FB2 N1 Non-bonding 600 700 N1 No Dry 40 2 FB3 N2 Non-bonding 400 500 N2 No Dry & wet 20 3 FB3 N1 Non-bonding 400 500 N1 No Dry & wet 40 2 FB4 N2 Non-bonding 300 350 N2 No Dry & wet 20 3 FB4 N1 Non-bonding 300 350 N1 No Dry & wet 40 2 FB5 N2 Non-bonding 200 250 N2 No Dry & wet 20 3 FB5 N1 Non-bonding 200 250 N1 No Dry & wet 40 2 FB6 Bonding 300 350 N2 No Dry 20 3 NOTE A flue block may be designated in one or more types provided that it complies with the appropriate requirements of each type. 5 Materials 5.1 Flue blocks Flue blocks shall be manufactured from suitable clay/ceramic material which, when fired, meet the performance requirements given in this standard. Flue blocks may be unglazed or glazed on the interior and/or exterior. When glazed, they need not be glazed on the jointing surfaces. 5.2 Insulation 5.2.1 General All information on reaction to fire shall be made available according to the relevant European product standard.

EN 1806:2006 (E) 12 5.2.2 Shape The insulation shall have a permanent shape (e.g. blocks o

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