Safety of machinery - Integral lighting of machines

This document specifies the parameters of integral lighting systems designed to provide illumination in and/or at both stationary and mobile machines to enable the safe use of the machine and the efficient performance of the visual task within and/or at the machine to be carried out by the operator.
This document does not specify lighting systems mounted on the machine to specifically illuminate visual tasks outside the machine. The function and requirements of these systems are specified in the European Standard dealing with the lighting of work places, see EN 12464-1 and EN 12464-2 for further information.
This document does not specify additional requirements for the operation of lighting systems:
-   in severe conditions (extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, etc.);
-   subject to special rules (e.g. explosive atmospheres);
-   where the transmittance is reduced by environmental conditions, such as smoke, splashing, etc.

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Maschinenintegrierte Beleuchtung

Dieses Dokument legt die Parameter für integrierte Beleuchtungssysteme fest, die für die Beleuchtung in und/oder an sowohl stationären als auch mobilen Maschinen entworfen sind, um den sicheren Gebrauch der Maschine und die effiziente Durchführung der Sehaufgabe in und/oder an der Maschine durch das Bedienungspersonal zu ermöglichen.
Dieses Dokument spezifiziert keine Beleuchtungssysteme, die an der Maschine montiert sind, um insbesondere Sehaufgaben außerhalb der Maschine zu beleuchten. Die Funktion und die Anforderungen dieser Systeme sind in der Europäischen Norm für die Arbeitsstättenbeleuchtung festgelegt, siehe EN 12464-1 und EN 12464-2 für weitere Informationen.
Dieses Dokument legt keine zusätzlichen Anforderungen für den Betrieb der Beleuchtungssysteme fest:
-   unter schwierigen Bedingungen (extreme Umgebungseinflüsse, wie Anwendungen in Kühlaggregaten, bei hohen Temperaturen, usw.);
-   bei bestehenden speziellen Vorschriften (z. B. in explosionsgefährdeten Bereichen);
-   wenn der Transmissionsgrad durch Umgebungseinflüsse, wie durch Rauch, Spritzer, usw., beeinträchtigt wird.

Sécurité des machines - Éclairage intégré aux machines

Le présent document spécifie les paramètres des systèmes d'éclairage intégré conçus pour fournir l'éclairage dans et/ou sur les machines fixes et mobiles en assurant la sécurité d'utilisation et la bonne exécution de la tâche visuelle dans et/ou sur la machine à effectuer par l’opérateur.
Le présent document ne spécifie pas les systèmes d'éclairage disposés sur les machines, pour éclairer spécifiquement des zones extérieures à la machine où s'effectuent des tâches visuelles. La fonction et les exigences de ces systèmes sont indiquées dans la norme européenne traitant de l'éclairage des lieux de travail, voir l’EN 12464-1 ainsi que dans l’EN 12464-2 pour plus de plus amples informations.
Le présent document ne spécifie pas d'exigences supplémentaires pour le fonctionnement des systèmes d'éclairage :
-   dans des conditions difficiles (dans des conditions environnantes extrêmes, telles que des applications pour congélateurs, des températures élevées, etc.) ;
-   lorsqu'il est soumis à des règles spécifiques (par exemple des atmosphères explosives) ;
-   lorsque le facteur de transmission est réduit par des conditions environnantes telles que la fumée, des éclaboussures, etc.

Varnost strojev - Integralna razsvetljava strojev

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Mar-2019
Publication Date
15-Apr-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-Dec-2020
Due Date
13-Feb-2021
Completion Date
16-Apr-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1837:2021
01-maj-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1837:1999+A1:2009
Varnost strojev - Integralna razsvetljava strojev
Safety of machinery - Integral lighting of machines
Sicherheit von Maschinen - Maschinenintegrierte Beleuchtung
Sécurité des machines - Éclairage intégré aux machines
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1837:2020
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
91.160.10 Notranja razsvetljava Interior lighting
SIST EN 1837:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1837:2021
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SIST EN 1837:2021
EN 1837
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.110; 91.160.10 Supersedes EN 1837:1999+A1:2009
English Version
Safety of machinery - Integral lighting of machines

Sécurité des machines - Éclairage intégré aux machines Sicherheit von Maschinen - Maschinenintegrierte

Beleuchtung
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 18 October 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1837:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1837:2021
EN 1837:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Lighting requirements .................................................................................................................................. 7

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.2 Illuminance ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

4.3 Glare ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.4 Directionality .................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.5 Colour quality ................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.6 Stroboscopic effect .......................................................................................................................................... 8

4.7 Ergonomic principles ..................................................................................................................................... 8

4.8 Emergency lighting ......................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Lighting equipment and installation ........................................................................................................ 8

5.1 Light sources ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Luminaires ......................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3 Installation ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.4 Availability of illumination .......................................................................................................................... 9

5.5 Electrical supply .............................................................................................................................................. 9

6 Verification procedures ............................................................................................................................. 10

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 11

Annex A (informative) Examples ........................................................................................................................... 12

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ..................................................... 15

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 16

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SIST EN 1837:2021
EN 1837:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1837:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 169 “Light and

lighting”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1837:1999+A1:2009.

In comparison with EN 1837:1999+A1:2009, the following technical modifications have been made:

— reference to EN ISO 12100 added and all local definitions removed to prevent duplication with

source terminology standards;

— adding of environmental requirements to Clause 5 Lighting equipment and installation;

— updating of Clause 6 Verification procedures;
— updating of Clause 7 Information for use;

— Annex ZA has been adapted to Directive 2006/42/EC and Annex ZB has been deleted.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

This document is a type-B standard as stated in EN ISO 12100. The machinery concerned and the extent

to which hazards are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1837:2021
EN 1837:2020 (E)
Introduction

To illuminate visual tasks within and/or at machines integral lighting systems (built in or at machines)

can be required. These integral lighting systems require special characteristics that allow both safe use

and efficient performance of the visual task by the operator during operation and service.

This document is a type-B standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the

market players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

In addition, this document is intended for standardization bodies elaborating type-C standards.

The requirements of this document can be supplemented or modified by a type-C standard.

For machines that are covered by the scope of a type-C standard and have been designed and built

according to the requirements of that standard, the requirements of that type-C standard take

precedence.
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SIST EN 1837:2021
EN 1837:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies the parameters of integral lighting systems designed to provide illumination in

and/or at both stationary and mobile machines to enable the safe use of the machine and the efficient

performance of the visual task within and/or at the machine to be carried out by the operator.

This document does not specify lighting systems mounted on the machine to specifically illuminate

visual tasks outside the machine. The function and requirements of these systems are specified in the

European standard dealing with the lighting of work places, see EN 12464-1 and EN 12464-2 for further

information.

This document does not specify additional requirements for the operation of lighting systems:

— in severe conditions (extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high

temperatures, etc.);
— subject to special rules (e.g. explosive atmospheres);

— where the transmittance is reduced by environmental conditions, such as smoke, splashing, etc.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12464-1:2011, Light and lighting — Lighting of work places — Part 1: Indoor work places

EN 12464-2:2014, Light and lighting — Lighting of work places — Part 2: Outdoor work places

EN 12665:2018, Light and lighting — Basic terms and criteria for specifying lighting requirements

EN ISO 13732-1:2008, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)
EN 1838:2013, Lighting applications — Emergency lighting

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General

requirements (IEC 60204-1:2016, modified)

EN 60204-31:2013, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 31: Particular safety

and EMC requirements for sewing machines, units and systems (IEC 60204-31:2013)

EN 60204-32:2008, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 32: Requirements for

hoisting machines (IEC 60204-32:2008)

EN 60204-33:2011, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 33: Requirements for

semiconductor fabrication equipment (IEC 60204-33:2009, modified)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

As impacted by EN 60529:1991/corrigendum May 1993 and EN 60529:1991/AC:2016-12.
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SIST EN 1837:2021
EN 1837:2020 (E)
EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
(IEC 60529:1989/A1:1999)
EN 60529:1991/A2:2013, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
(IEC 60529:1989/A2:2013)

EN 60598-1:2015, Luminaires — Part 1: General requirements and tests (IEC 60598-1:2014, modified)

EN 60598-1:2015/A1:2018, Luminaires — Part 1: General requirements and tests
(IEC 60598-1:2014/A1:2017)

EN 62262:2002, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against external

mechanical impacts (IK code) (IEC 62262:2002)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100, EN 12464-1 and

EN 12665 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
As impacted by EN 60529:1991/A2:2013/AC:2019-02.

As impacted by EN 60598-1:2015/AC:2015, EN 60598-1:2015/AC:2016 and EN 60598-1:2015/AC:2017-05.

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SIST EN 1837:2021
EN 1837:2020 (E)
4 Lighting requirements
4.1 General

Machinery shall be supplied with integral lighting suitable for the operations concerned where the

absence of the integral lighting is likely to cause a risk despite ambient lighting of normal intensity.

When arranging the li
...

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