This document presents principles and examples of practical application for the construction of appropriate subjective scales for use in the assessment and evaluation of the physical environment. It does not standardize particular scales. It considers scales of perception, comfort, preference, acceptability, expression form and tolerance, and environmental components such as thermal, visual, air quality, acoustic and vibration. It does not consider other scales such as: — scales related to the e...view more

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    • Standard
      28 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      29 pages
      French language

ISO 7243:2017 presents a screening method for evaluating the heat stress to which a person is exposed and for establishing the presence or absence of heat stress. It applies to the evaluation of the effect of heat on a person during his or her total exposure over the working day (up to 8 h). It does not apply for very short exposures to heat. It applies to the assessment of indoor and outdoor occupational environments as well as to other types of environment, and to male and female adults who ar...view more

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    • Standard
      18 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      18 pages
      French language

ISO 24505:2016 provides a method for creating conspicuous colour combinations for use in visual signs and displays taking into account viewer age. It is based on the perceived similarity of colours at photopic and mesopic lighting conditions. ISO 24505:2016 applies to the design of visual signs and displays in which multiple colours are used so that the colours are conspicuous to people of any age, including older people who do not have deficient colour vision. The method and data in this Intern...view more

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    • Standard
      25 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      25 pages
      French language

ISO 24504:2014 specifies methods to determine an appropriate sound pressure level range for spoken announcements in environments where ambient noise is less than 80 dB. The specified methods follow the concepts of ISO/IEC Guide 71 and includes consideration of older persons with decreased hearing ability to determine sound pressure levels of spoken announcements. The spoken speech levels specified are for products and public-address systems. ISO 24504:2014 is applicable when a loudspeaker produc...view more

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    • Standard
      21 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      21 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      21 pages
      French language

This International Standard describes how International Standards concerned with the ergonomics of the physical environment can be applied for people with special requirements, who would otherwise be considered to be beyond the scope of those standards. It has been produced according to the principles of accessible design provided in ISO/IEC Guide 71 and using the data provided in ISO/TR 22411. It is not restricted to any specific environment but provides the general principles that allow assess...view more

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    • Standard
      19 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      21 pages
      French language

This International Standard provides an environmental survey method for the assessment of the comfort and well-being of occupants of indoor and outdoor environments. It is not restricted to any particular environment, but provides the general principles that allow assessment and evaluation. It presents the principles for conducting an environmental survey to assess the comfort and well-being of people in environments. It gives guidance on the design of the survey, as well as on the environmental...view more

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      20 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      21 pages
      French language

ISO 24501:2010 specifies methods for determining the sound pressure level range of auditory signals so that the users of consumer products, including people with age-related hearing loss, can hear the signal properly in the presence of interfering sounds. Auditory signals, in ISO 24501:2010, refer to sounds with a fixed frequency (also called beep sounds) and do not include variable frequency sounds, melodic sounds, or voice guides. ISO 24501:2010 is applicable to auditory signals which are hear...view more

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      21 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      22 pages
      French language

ISO 24502:2010 specifies the age-related luminance contrast of any two lights of different colour seen by a person at any age, by taking into account the age-related change of spectral luminous efficiency of the eye. ISO 24502:2010 provides a basic method of calculation that can be applied to the design of lighting, visual signs and displays. It applies to light, self-luminous or reflected, in visual signs and displays seen under moderately bright conditions called photopic vision and whose spec...view more

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      10 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      10 pages
      French language

ISO 24500:2010 specifies the auditory signals used as a means of feedback for operations or conditions of consumer products when used by a person with or without visual or auditory impairment. It is intended to be applied as appropriate to such products depending on the product type and its conditions of use. It is applicable to auditory signals of a fixed frequency used in general applications (also called “beep sounds”), but not to variable frequency or melodic sounds. It does not specify fire...view more

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    • Standard
      7 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      7 pages
      French language

ISO 15743:2008 presents a strategy and practical tools for assessing and managing cold risk in the workplace, and includes: models and methods for cold risk assessment and management; a checklist for identifying cold-related problems at work; a model, method and questionnaire intended for use by occupational health care professionals in identifying those individuals with symptoms that increase their cold sensitivity and, with the aid of such identification, offering optimal guidance and instruct...view more

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    • Standard
      31 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      32 pages
      French language

ISO 11079:2007specifies methods and strategies for assessing the thermal stress associated with exposure to cold environments. These methods apply to continuous, intermittent as well as occasional exposure and type of work, indoors and outdoors. They are not applicable to specific effects associated with certain meteorological phenomena (e.g. precipitation), which are assessed by other methods.

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    • Standard
      34 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      35 pages
      French language

ISO 9920:2007 specifies methods for estimating the thermal characteristics (resistance to dry heat loss and evaporative heat loss) in steady-state conditions for a clothing ensemble based on values for known garments, ensembles and textiles. It examines the influence of body movement and air penetration on the thermal insulation and water vapour resistance. It does not deal with other effects of clothing, such as adsorption of water, buffering or tactile comfort, take into account the influence ...view more

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    • Standard
      105 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      105 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      113 pages
      French language

ISO 14505-1:2007 gives guidelines for the assessment of thermal stress inside vehicles used for land, sea and air operation. It offers information about the assessment of hot, cold as well as moderate thermal environments by referring to different methods, as specified in International Standards, and specifying the constraints and necessary adjustments needed for the special case of vehicle climate assessment.

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    • Technical specification
      8 pages
      English language
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    • Technical specification
      10 pages
      French language

ISO 14505-2:2006 provides guidelines for the assessment of the thermal conditions inside a vehicle compartment. It can also be applied to other confined spaces with asymmetric climatic conditions. It is primarily intended for assessment of thermal conditions, when deviations from thermal neutrality are relatively small. Appropriate methodology as given in ISO 14505-2:2006 can be chosen for inclusion in specific performance standards for testing of HVAC-systems for vehicles and similar confined s...view more

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    • Standard
      25 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      26 pages
      French language

ISO 15536-1:2006 provides temperature threshold values for burns that occur when human skin is in contact with a hot solid surface. It also describes methods for the assessment of the risks of burning, when humans could or might touch hot surfaces with their unprotected skin. In addition, ISO 13732-1:2006 gives guidance for cases where it is necessary to specify temperature limit values for hot surfaces, but does not set surface temperature limit values. ISO 13732-1:2006 deals with contact perio...view more

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    • Standard
      37 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      38 pages
      French language

ISO 14505-3:2006 gives guidelines and specifies a standard test method for the assessment, using human subjects, of thermal comfort in vehicles. It is not restricted to any particular vehicle but provides the general principles that allow assessment and evaluation. The method can be used to determine a measure of the performance of a vehicle for conditions of interest, in terms of whether it provides thermal comfort to people or not. This can be used in vehicle development and evaluation. ISO 14...view more

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      18 pages
      French language

ISO 13732-3:2005 provides methods for the assessment of the risk of cold injury and other adverse effects when a cold surface is touched by bare-hand/finger skin. It provides ergonomics data for establishing temperature limit values for cold solid surfaces. The values established can be used in the development of special standards, where surface temperature limit values are required. Its data are applicable to all fields where cold solid surfaces cause a risk of acute effects: pain, numbness and...view more

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    • Standard
      21 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      24 pages
      French language

ISO 7730:2005 presents methods for predicting the general thermal sensation and degree of discomfort (thermal dissatisfaction) of people exposed to moderate thermal environments. It enables the analytical determination and interpretation of thermal comfort using calculation of PMV (predicted mean vote) and PPD (predicted percentage of dissatisfied) and local thermal comfort, giving the environmental conditions considered acceptable for general thermal comfort as well as those representing local ...view more

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    • Standard
      52 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      52 pages
      French language

The metabolic rate, as a conversion of chemical into mechanical and thermal energy, measures the energetic cost of muscular load and gives a numerical index of activity. Metabolic rate is an important determinant of the comfort or the strain resulting from exposure to a thermal environment. In particular, in hot climates, the high levels of metabolic heat production associated with muscular work aggravate heat stress, as large amounts of heat need to be dissipated, mostly by sweat evaporation. I...view more

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      24 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      25 pages
      French language

ISO 7933:2004 specifies a method for the analytical evaluation and interpretation of the thermal stress experienced by a subject in a hot environment. It describes a method for predicting the sweat rate and the internal core temperature that the human body will develop in response to the working conditions. The various terms used in this prediction model, and in particular in the heat balance, show the influence of the different physical parameters of the environment on the thermal stress experi...view more

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    • Standard
      34 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      34 pages
      French language

ISO 15265:2004 describes a strategy for assessing and interpreting the risk of physiological constraints, or of discomfort, while working in a given climatic environment. It is applicable in any working situation with steady or varying conditions of the climate, metabolic rate or clothing. ISO 15265:2004 does not describe a single procedure, but a strategy in three stages that can be used successively to gain deeper insight in the working conditions, as it is needed to draw the most appropriate ...view more

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    • Standard
      13 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      13 pages
      French language

ISO 9886:2004 describes methods for measuring and interpreting the following physiological parameters: body core temperature; skin temperatures; heart rate; body-mass loss.

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    • Standard
      21 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      22 pages
      French language

ISO 7731:2003 specifies the physical principles of design, ergonomic requirements and the corresponding test methods for danger signals for public and work areas in the signal reception area and gives guidelines for the design of the signals. It may also be applied to other appropriate situations. ISO 7731:2003 does not apply to verbal danger warnings (e.g. shouts, loudspeaker announcements). ISO 9921 covers verbal danger signals. Special regulations such as those for a public disaster and publi...view more

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      18 pages
      French language

ISO 9921:2003 specifies the requirements for the performance of speech communication for verbal alert and danger signals, information messages, and speech communication in general. Methods to predict and to assess the performance in practical applications are described and examples are given.

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    • Standard
      28 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      29 pages
      French language

ISO/TR 19358:2002 deals with the testing and assessment of speech-related products and services, and is intended for use by specialists active in the field of speech technology, as well as purchasers and users of such systems.

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    • Technical report
      15 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      30 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      31 pages
      French language

This part of ISO/TS 13732 presents principles and methods for predicting the thermal sensation and degree of discomfort for people where parts of the body are in contact with solid surfaces at moderate surface temperatures (approximately 10 °C to 40 °C). It deals with the thermal sensation for contacts of the hand, foot and for the sitting position on the floor.

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    • Technical specification
      12 pages
      English language
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    • Technical specification
      13 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      51 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      54 pages
      French language

Describes criteria for the perception of visual danger signals in the area in which people are intended to perceive and to react to such a signal. Specifies the safety and ergonomic requirements and the corresponding physical measurements.

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    • Standard
      8 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      8 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      8 pages
      French language

Specifies a system of danger and information signals taking into account the different degrees of urgency. Applicable to all danger and information signals which have to be clearly perceived and differentiated as specified in ISO/TR 12100-2. Does not apply to certain fields covered by specific standards.

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    • Standard
      7 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      8 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      8 pages
      French language

Purpose is to specify information which will allow the correct, effective and practical use of International Standards concerned with the ergonomics of the thermal environment. Describes the underlying principles concerning the ergonomics of the thermal environment.

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    • Standard
      19 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      25 pages
      French language

ISO 14415:2005 provides background information on the thermal responses and needs of groups of persons with special requirements so that International Standards concerned with the assessment of the thermal environment can be appropriately applied for their benefit.

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    • Technical specification
      10 pages
      English language
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    • Technical specification
      11 pages
      French language

Provides a method for prediction of the effectiveness of speech communication in the presence of noise generated by machinery as well as in noisy environment. Parameters are the ambient noise at the speaker's position, ambient noise at the listener's position, distance between the communication partners and a great number of physical and personal conditions.

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    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      11 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      11 pages
      French language

Covers the construction and use of judgement scales for use in providing reliable and comparative data on the subjective aspects of thermal comfort or thermal stress.

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    • Standard
      18 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      18 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language

Gives methods for estimating the thermal characteristics (resistance to dry heat loss and evaporative heat loss) in steady-state conditions for a clothing ensemble based on values for known garments, ensembles and textiles. Does not deal with other effects of clothing, such as adsorption of water, buffering, tactile comfort. Does not take into account the influence of rain and snow on the thermal characteristics. Does not consider special protective clothing. Does not deal with the separate insu...view more

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    • Standard
      54 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      54 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      54 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      54 pages
      French language

The purpose is to present a method for predicting the thermal sensation and the degree of discomfort (thermal dissatisfaction) of people exposed to moderate thermal environments and to specify acceptable environmental conditions for comfort. Applies to healthy men and women and was originally based on studies of North American and European subjects but agrees also well with recent studies of Japanese subjects and is expected to apply with good approximation in most parts of the world. Applies to...view more

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    • Standard
      26 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      27 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      27 pages
      French language

Proposes methods and strategies to assess the thermal stress associated with exposure to cold environments. Cold stress is suggested to be evaluated in terms of both general cooling of the body and local cooling of particular parts of the body (e.g. extremities and face). The methods apply to continuous, intermittent and occasional exposure and in both indoor and outdoor work. Specific effects associated with certain meteorological phenomena (e.g. precipitation) are not covered and should be ass...view more

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    • Technical report
      31 pages
      English language

Describes methods for measuring and interpreting body core temperature, skin temperature, heart rate, and body mass loss. Annex A presents a comparison of the different methods concerning their field of application, their technical complexity, the discomfort and the risks. The measurement techniques are described in annex B, limit values are proposed in annex C.

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    • Standard
      14 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      16 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      16 pages
      French language

Specifies methods for determining the metabolic rate, but can also be used for other applications, e.g. for the assessment of working practices, the cost of specific jobs or sport activities, the total cost of activity, etc. Annexes A to G contain: classification of metabolic rate for kinds of activities, classification of metabolic rate by occupation, data for standard person, metabolic rate for body posture, type of work and body motion related to work speed, metabolic rate for typical activit...view more

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      17 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      17 pages
      French language

Identifies the parameters that influence visual performance. It also presents the criteria that have to be satisfied in order to achieve an acceptable visual environment. Is applicable to working areas in industrial buildings, offices and hospitals, but not to those working areas of low luminance used for such activities as projection, viewing of transparencies, and handling of photosensitive materials.

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    • Standard
      27 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      27 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      27 pages
      French language

Gives a method, which can easily be used in an industrial environment for evaluating the stresses on a individual. It applies to the evaluation of the mean effect of heat on man during a period representative of his activity but it does not apply to very short periods, nor to zones of comfort.

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    • Standard
      9 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      9 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      9 pages
      French language

Describes a method of calculating the heat balances as well as the sweat rate that the human body should produce to maintain this balance in equilibrium. The various terms used show the influence of the different physical parameters. It does not predict the physiological response of individual subjects, but only considers standard subjects in good health and fit for the work they perform.

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    • Standard
      19 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language

Specifies the safety requirements and the corresponding test methods for work places in the signal reception area and gives guidelines for the design of the signals. May also be applied to other appropriate situations. Does not apply to verbal danger warnings. Special regulations such as those for a public disaster and public transport are not affected.

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    • Standard
      10 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      10 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      10 pages
      French language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      English language
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    • Standard
      19 pages
      French language