This document has been developed to support EN 17210, “Accessibility and usability of the built environment – Functional requirements”. This document provides and exemplifies technical performance criteria and specifications for an accessible and usable built environment, following the Design for All/Universal design principles. The document specifies what is necessary to align with these principles which will facilitate equitable and safe use for a wide range of users.
The technical performance criteria and specifications are applicable across the full spectrum of the built environment and can be used as criteria for awarding public contracts (in support of the Public Procurement Directives).
These technical performance criteria and specifications are specifically applicable to the design, construction, refurbishment or adaptation, and maintenance of public or public-use environments including external areas.
Alternatively, national standards and regulations may determine the technical performance criteria and specifications to fulfil the functional requirements of EN 17210.
NOTE 1     Design for All and Universal Design share a similar inclusive design philosophy. Universal Design means the design of products, environments, programmes and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. Universal Design shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed (UN CRPD).
NOTE 2     Terms such as "design for all", "universal design", "accessible design", "barrier-free design", "inclusive design" and "transgenerational design" are often used interchangeably with the same meaning.

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1.1   Scope of CEN/TS 17440
(1)This document provides additional or amended provisions to EN 1990 to cover the assessment of existing structures (see EN 1990:2002, 1.1(4)), and the retained parts of existing structures that are being modified, extended, strengthened or retrofitted.
NOTE 1   The assessment of an existing structure is, in many aspects, different from the design of a new structure, see Introduction.
NOTE 2   There can be some aspects of EN 1990 that are required for design but are not applicable for assessment. The definition of those aspects of EN 1990 that are not applicable can be included in the definition of the assessment objectives and the approach to the assessment, see 5.
NOTE 3   This document is based on the general requirements and principles of structural reliability provided in Eurocodes EN 1990 and EN 1991.
(2) This document covers general principles regarding actions for assessment complementing EN 1991.
NOTE   Supplementary provisions for seismic actions due to earthquake are provided in EN 1998.
(3) This document includes general principles for the assessment of the structural resistance of existing structures.
NOTE   The specific models used to assess resistance are not provided in this document and will depend on the materials and structure types.
(4) This document does not provide specific rules for initiation of assessment.
(5) This document does not provide specific rules on how to undertake interventions that can be carried out as a result of an assessment.
(6) This document does not cover the design of new elements that will be integrated into an existing structure.
NOTE   For the design of new elements, see EN 1990.
1.2   Assumptions
(1) The general assumptions of CEN/TS 17440 are:
-   the assessment of the structure is made by appropriately qualified and experienced personnel;
-   adequate supervision and quality control is provided during the assessment process;
-   the structure will be used in accordance with the assessment assumptions;
-   the structure will be maintained in accordance with the assessment assumptions.

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This document establishes the values of basic module, multimodules for horizontal coordinating dimensions and sub-modular increments for use in modular coordination of buildings. This document also specifies preferred vertical modular dimensions, series of preferred multimodular sizes for horizontal dimensions for all types in accordance with general principles and rules for modular coordination.

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EN 1993-1-5 gives design requirements of stiffened and unstiffened plates which are subject to inplane forces. Effects due to shear lag, in-plane load introduction and plate buckling for I-section girders and box girders are covered. Also covered are plated structural components subject to in-plane loads as in tanks and silos. The effects of out-of-plane loading are outside the scope of this document.

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EN 1993-1-5 gives design requirements of stiffened and unstiffened plates which are subject to inplane forces. Effects due to shear lag, in-plane load introduction and plate buckling for I-section girders and box girders are covered. Also covered are plated structural components subject to in-plane loads as in tanks and silos. The effects of out-of-plane loading are outside the scope of this document.

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1.1   General
(1)   This EN provides a design method for fastenings (connection of structural elements and non-structural elements to structural components), which are used to transmit actions to the concrete.
Inserts embedded in precast concrete elements during production, under Factory Production Control (FPC) conditions and with the due reinforcement, intended for use only during transient situations for lifting and handling, are covered by the CEN/TR “Design and Use of Inserts for Lifting and Handling Precast Concrete Elements”, by CEN/TC 229.
(2)   This EN is intended for safety related applications in which the failure of fastenings will result in collapse or partial collapse of the structure, cause risk to human life or lead to significant economic loss.  In this context it also covers non-structural elements.
(3)   The support of the fixture may be either statically determinate or statically indeterminate. Each support may consist of one fastener or a group of fasteners.
(4)   This EN is valid for applications which fall within the scope of the series EN 1992. In applications where special considerations apply, e.g. nuclear power plants or civil defence structures, modifications may be necessary. The transmission of the fastener loads to the supports of the concrete member shall be shown for the ultimate limit state and the serviceability limit state according to EN 1992-1-1.
(5)   This EN does not cover the design of the fixture. The design of the fixture shall be carried out to comply with the appropriate Standards.
(6)   This document relies on characteristic resistances and distances which are stated in a European Technical Product Specification (see Annex E). At least the characteristics of Annex E, Table E.1 should be given in a European Technical Product Specification providing a basis for the design methods of this EN.
1.2   Type of fasteners and fastening groups
(1)   This EN uses the fastener design theory ) (Figure 1.1) and applies to:
a)   cast-in fasteners such as headed fasteners, anchor channels with rigid connection between anchor and channel;
b)   post-installed mechanical fasteners such as expansion anchors, undercut anchors and concrete screws;
c)   post-installed bonded anchors, bonded expansion anchors and bonded undercut anchors.
NOTE   Connections with post-installed ribbed reinforcing bars should be covered by a European Technical Product Specification and comply with the requirements of EN 1992-1-1.
(2)   For other types of fasteners modifications of the design provisions may be necessary.
(3)   This EN applies to fasteners with established suitability for the specified application in concrete covered by provisions, which refer to this EN and provide data required by this EN. The suitability of the fastener is stated in the relevant European Technical Product Specification.
(...)
(4)   This EN applies to single fasteners and groups of fasteners. In a fastening group the loads are applied to the individual fasteners of the group by means of a common fixture. In this EN it is assumed that in a fastener group only fasteners of the same type and size are used.
The configurations of fastenings with cast-in place headed fasteners and post-installed fasteners covered by this EN are shown in Figure 1.2.
For anchor channels the number of fasteners is not limited.
(...)
NOTE   Configuration with three fasteners is not recommended close to an edge (ci < 100mm) as there are no safe design models for shear loads.
1.3   Fastener dimensions and materials
(1)   This EN applies to fasteners with a minimum diameter or a minimum thread size of 6 mm (M6) or a corresponding cross section. In general, the effective embedment depth should be: hef  40 mm. The actual value for a particular fastener shall be taken from the relevant European Technical Product Specification. In case of post-installed chemical fasteners the effective embedment depth is limited to hef  20dnom. (....)

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1.1   General
(1) This European Standard provides a design method for fastenings (connection of structural elements and non-structural elements to structural components), which are used to transmit actions to the concrete. This design method uses physical models which are based on a combination of tests and numerical analysis consistent with EN 1990:2002, 5.2.
The requirements for the transmission of the fastener loads within the concrete member to its supports are given in EN 1992-1-1 and Annex A of this EN.
Inserts embedded in precast concrete elements during production, under Factory Production Control (FPC) conditions and with the due reinforcement, intended for use only during transient situations for lifting and handling, are covered by CEN/TR 15728.
(2) This EN is intended for safety related applications in which the failure of fastenings may result in collapse or partial collapse of the structure, cause risk to human life or lead to significant economic loss. In this context it also covers non-structural elements.
(3) The support of the fixture can be either statically determinate or statically indeterminate. Each support can consist of one fastener or a group of fasteners.
(4) This EN is valid for applications which fall within the scope of the EN 1992 series. In applications where special considerations apply, e.g. nuclear power plants or civil defence structures, modifications can be necessary.
(5) This EN does not cover the design of the fixture. The requirements for the design of the fixture are given in the appropriate Standards and fulfil the requirements on the fixture as given in this EN.
(6) This document relies on characteristic resistances and distances which are stated in a European Technical Product Specification (see Annex E). At least the characteristics of Annex E are given in a European Technical Product Specification for the corresponding loading conditions providing a basis for the design methods of this EN.
NOTE   The numerical values for certain parameters given in Notes can be used for pre-dimensioning. The values for verification are given in the European Technical Product Specifications and may be different.
1.2   Type of fasteners and fastening groups
(1)   This EN uses the fastener design theory ) (see Figure 1.1) and applies to:
a)   cast-in fasteners such as headed fasteners, anchor channels with rigid connection (e.g. welded, forged) between anchor and channel;
b)   post-installed mechanical fasteners such as expansion fasteners, undercut fasteners and concrete screws;
c)   post-installed bonded fasteners and bonded expansion fasteners.
(2)   For other types of fasteners modifications of the design provisions can be necessary.
(3)   This EN applies to fasteners with established suitability for the specified application in concrete covered by provisions, which refer to this EN and provide data required by this EN. The suitability of the fastener is stated in the relevant European Technical Product Specification.
(...)
(4)   This EN applies to single fasteners and groups of fasteners. In a group of fasteners the loads are applied to the individual fasteners of the group by means of a common fixture. In a group of fasteners this European Standard applies only if fasteners of the same type and size are used.
(5)   The configurations of fastenings with cast-in place headed fasteners and post-installed fasteners covered by this EN are shown in Figure 1.2.
(6)   For anchor channels the number of anchors is not limited.
(...)
(7)   Post-installed ribbed reinforcing bars used to connect concrete members are covered by a European Technical Product Specification. This EN applies when connections are designed in accordance with EN 1992-1-1.
1.3   Fastener dimensions and materials
(1)   This EN applies to fasteners with a minimum diameter or a minimum thread size of 6 mm (M6) or a corresponding cross section. (....)

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This Technical Report reviews current practice with regard to designing, constructing and maintaining the parts of bridges and tracks where railway rails are installed across discontinuities in supporting structures. Current Standards and Codes of Practice are examined and some particular case histories are reviewed. The Technical Report gives guidance with respect to current best practice and makes recommendations for future standards development and also identifies areas in which further research and development is needed.

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This Technical Report reviews current practice with regard to designing, constructing and maintaining the parts of bridges and tracks where railway rails are installed across discontinuities in supporting structures. Current Standards and Codes of Practice are examined and some particular case histories are reviewed. The Technical Report gives guidance with respect to current best practice and makes recommendations for future standards development and also identifies areas in which further research and development is needed.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the execution, i.e. the manufacture and the installation, of cold-formed structural steel members and sheeting and cold-formed structures for roof, ceiling, floor, wall and cladding applications.
This European Standard applies to structures designed according to the EN 1993 series.
This European Standard applies to structural members and sheeting to be designed according to EN 1993 1 3.
This European Standard may be used for structures designed according to other design rules provided that conditions for execution comply with them and any necessary additional requirements are specified.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for the execution i.e. the manufacture and the installation of structures made from cold formed profiled sheeting for roof, ceiling, floor and wall applications under predominately static loading or seismic loading conditions and their documentation.
This European Standard covers sheeting of structural classes I and II according to EN 1993 1 3 used in structures.
This European Standard covers structural members of all structural classes according to EN 1993 1 3.
Structural sheeting are understood here to be:
-   profiled sheet, such as trapezoidal, sinusoidal or liner trays (Figure 1), or
Structural members are understood here to be:
-   members (linear profiled cross sections) that are produced by cold forming (Figure 2).
This European Standard also covers:
-   not welded built-up sections (Figure 2b and 2c);
-   cold-formed hollow sections including the welding of the longitudinal seam, not covered by EN 10219 1;
-   perforated, punctured and micro profiled sheeting and members;
NOTE 1   Welded built-up sections, are not covered, the execution provisions are given in EN 1090–2.
This European Standard also covers spacer constructions between the outer and inner or upper and lower skins for roofs, walls and ceilings made from cold-formed profiled sheeting and the connections and attachments of the afore mentioned elements as long as all are involved in load transfer.
This European Standard covers steel profiled sheeting for composite floors, e.g. during installation and in stage of pouring concrete.
Composite structural members where the interaction between dissimilar materials are an integral part of the structural behaviour such as sandwich panels and composite floors are not covered by this standard.
This European Standard does not cover the necessary analyses and detailing and execution rules for thermal insulation, moisture protection, noise control and fire protection.
This European Standard does not cover regulations of roof cladding and wall cladding, produced by traditional plumber methods or tinsmith methods.
Annex B of this standard concerns provisions which are not yet included in EN 1993 1 3. The guidelines in this annex may be wholly or partially superseded by future guidelines added to EN 1993.
This European Standard does not cover detailed requirements for water tightness or air permeability resistance and thermal aspects of sheeting.
NOTE 2   The structures covered in this standard can be for example
-   single- or multi-skin roofs, whereby the load-bearing structure (lower skin) or the actual roof covering (upper skin) or both consist of cold-formed structural members and sheeting;
-   single- or multi-skin walls whereby the load-bearing structure (inner skin), the actual cladding (outer skin) or both consist of cold-formed structural members and sheeting, or
-   trusses from cold formed members.
NOTE 3   Structures can consist of an assembly of structural members and sheeting made of steel according to EN 1090–4 and of aluminium according to EN 1090-5.

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DOP of 12 months! * 2017-03-22 FJD - No xml version as mother version was not originally published as xml.

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Assessment of loads imposed by snow to be used in the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works on sites at altitudes below 1500 m.

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Assessment of loads imposed by snow to be used in the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works on sites at altitudes below 1500 m.

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- Grades of stainless steel covered in EN 1993-1-4
- Section classification
- Shear buckling
- Cold worked grads (including undermatched welding)
- Grade selection and durability

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- Grades of stainless steel covered in EN 1993-1-4
- Section classification
- Shear buckling
- Cold worked grads (including undermatched welding)
- Grade selection and durability

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General rules for the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works in reinforced and prestressed concrete made with normal and lightweight aggregates, plain or lightly reinforced concrete and precast concrete for the design of reinforced concrete components with unbonded tendons.

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General rules for the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works in reinforced and prestressed concrete made with normal and lightweight aggregates, plain or lightly reinforced concrete and precast concrete for the design of reinforced concrete components with unbonded tendons.

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EN 1991-1-7 provides strategies and rules for safeguarding buildings and other civil engineering works against identifiable and unidentifiable accidental actions. EN 1991-1-7 defines: - strategies based on identified accidental actions, - strategies based on limiting the extent of localised failure. The following subjects are dealt with in this part of EN 1991: - definitions and symbols (Section 1); - classification of actions (Section 2); - design situations (Section 3); - impact (Section 4); - explosions (Section 5); - design for consequences of localised failure in buildings from an unspecified cause (informative Annex A); - information on risk assessment (informative Annex B); - dynamic design for impact (informative Annex C); - internal explosions (informative Annex D). Rules on dust explosions in silos are given in EN 1991-4. Rules on impact from vehicles travelling on the bridge deck are given in EN 1991-2. EN 1991-1-7 does not specifically deal with accidental actions caused by external explosions, warfare and terrorist activities, or the residual stability of buildings or other civil engineering works damaged by seismic action or fire, etc.

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Part 1-1 gives generic detailed strength rules which are applicable to steel structures in general. Their use and any limits of applicability are explained in the text where necessary. It does not cover resistance to fire; particular aspects of special types of buildings and civil engineering works (e.g. bridges, masts, silos, piling or off-shore structures).

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General rules for the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works made of timber and/or wood-based panels, either singly or compositely with concrete, steel or other materials. Detailed rules for structural design of buildings.

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Assessment of actions arising from accidental human activity including impact and collisions from wheeled vehicles, ships, derailed trains and helicopters on roofs and gas explosions in buildings - their analysis and determination of design values to be used in the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works. Procedures for risk analysis and technical measures to reduce consequences.

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General rules for the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works made of timber and/or wood-based panels, either singly or compositely with concrete, steel or other materials. Detailed rules for structural design of buildings.

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Part 1-1 gives generic detailed strength rules which are applicable to steel structures in general. Their use and any limits of applicability are explained in the text where necessary. It does not cover resistance to fire; particular aspects of special types of buildings and civil engineering works (e.g. bridges, masts, silos, piling or off-shore structures).

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Supplementary to Part 1-1. Additional and varied rules to be used for the design of composite structures which are required to avoid premature structural collapse and to limit the spread of fire in the accidental situation of exposure to fire.

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EN 1999 applies to the design of buildings and civil engineering and structural works in aluminium. It complies with the principles and requirements for the safety and serviceability of structures, the basis of their design and verification that are given in EN 1990 - Basis of structural design. EN 1999 is only concerned with requirements for resistance, serviceability, durability and fire resistance of aluminium structures. Other requirements, e.g. concerning thermal or sound insulation, are not considered. EN 1999 is intended to be used in conjunction with: - EN 1990 "Basis of structural design" - EN 1991 "Actions on structures" - European Standards for construction products relevant for aluminium structures - prEN 1090-1: Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 1: Requirements for conformity assessment of structural components5 - prEN 1090-3: Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 3: Technical requirements for aluminium structures5 EN 1999 is subdivided in five parts: EN 1999-1-1 Design of Aluminium Structures: General structural rules. EN 1999-1-2 Design of Aluminium Structures: Structural fire design. EN 1999-1-3 Design of Aluminium Structures: Structures susceptible to fatigue. EN 1999-1-4 Design of Aluminium Structures: Cold-formed structural sheeting. EN 1999-1-5 Design of Aluminium Structures: Shell structures.

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(1) EN 1997-1 is intended to be used as a general basis for the geotechnical aspects of the design of buildings and civil engineering works.
(2) The following subjects are dealt with in EN 1997-1:
Section 1: General
Section 2: Basis of geotechnical design
Section 3: Geotechnical data
Section 4: Supervision of construction, monitoring and maintenance
Section 5: Fill, dewatering, ground improvement and reinforcement
Section 6: Spread foundations
Section 7: Pile foundations
Section 8: Anchorages
Section 9: Retaining structures
Section 10: Hydraulic failure
Section 11: Overall stability
Section 12: Embankments
(3) EN 1997-1 is accompanied by Annexes A to J, which provide:
- in A: recommended partial safety factor values; different values of the partial factors may be set by the National annex;
- in B to J: supplementary informative guidance such as internationally applied calculation methods.

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Supplementary to Part 1-1. Additional and varied rules to be used for the design of composite structures which are required to avoid premature structural collapse and to limit the spread of fire in the accidental situation of exposure to fire.

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(1)   EN 1999-1-1 gives basic design rules for structures made of wrought aluminium alloys and limited guidance for cast alloys (see section 3).
NOTE   Minimum material thickness may be defined in the National Annex. The following limits are recommended – if not otherwise explicitly stated in this standard:
-   components with material thickness not less than 0,6 mm;
-   welded components with material thickness not less than 1,5 mm;
-   connections with:
o   steel bolts and pins with diameter not less than 5 mm;
o   aluminium bolts and pins with diameter not less than 8 mm;
o   rivets and thread forming screws with diameter not less than 4,2 mm
(2)   The following subjects are dealt with in EN 1999-1-1:
Section 1:   General
Section 2:   Basis of design
Section 3:   Materials
Section 4:   Durability
Section 5:   Structural analysis
Section 6:   Ultimate limit states for members
Section 7:   Serviceability limit states
Section 8:   Design of joints
Annex A    Execution classes
Annex B   Equivalent T-stub in tension
Annex C    Materials selection
Annex D   Corrosion and surface protection
Annex E    Analytical models for stress strain relationship
Annex F    Behaviour of cross section beyond elastic limit
Annex G    Rotation capacity
Annex H    Plastic hinge method for continuous beams
Annex I    Lateral torsional buckling of beams and torsional or flexural-torsional buckling of compression members
Annex J    Properties of cross sections
Annex K    Shear lag effects in member design
Annex L    Classification of connections
Annex M   Adhesive bonded connections
(3)   Sections 1 to 2 provide additional clauses to those given in EN 1990 “Basis of structural design”.
(4)   Section 3 deals with material properties of products made of structural aluminium alloys.
(5)   Section 4 gives general rules for durability.
(6)   Section 5 refers to the structural analysis of structures, in which the members can be modelled with sufficient accuracy as line elements for global analysis.
(7)   Section 6 g

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TC - Modifications from EN 1998-3:2005/AC:2010 on the English mother reference version regarding the "National annex for EN 1998-3", Clauses 2 and 4 and Annexes A, B and C + New modifications in Annex A.

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(1) EN 1997-1 is intended to be used as a general basis for the geotechnical aspects of the design of buildings and civil engineering works.
(2) The following subjects are dealt with in EN 1997-1:
Section 1: General
Section 2: Basis of geotechnical design
Section 3: Geotechnical data
Section 4: Supervision of construction, monitoring and maintenance
Section 5: Fill, dewatering, ground improvement and reinforcement
Section 6: Spread foundations
Section 7: Pile foundations
Section 8: Anchorages
Section 9: Retaining structures
Section 10: Hydraulic failure
Section 11: Overall stability
Section 12: Embankments
(3) EN 1997-1 is accompanied by Annexes A to J, which provide:
- in A: recommended partial safety factor values; different values of the partial factors may be set by the National annex;
- in B to J: supplementary informative guidance such as internationally applied calculation methods.

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Eurocode 6 applies to the design of buildings and civil engineering works, or parts thereof, in unreinforced, reinforced, prestressed and confined masonry. Eurocode 6 deals only with the requirements for resistance, serviceability and durability of structures. Other requirements, for example, concerning thermal or sound insulation, are not considered. Execution is covered to the extent that is necessary to indicate the quality of the construction materials and products that should be used and the standard of workmanship on site needed to comply with the assumptions made in the design rules. Eurocode 6 does not cover the special requirements of seismic design. Provisions related to such requirements are given in Eurocode 8 "Design of structures in seismic regions" which complements, and is consistent with, Eurocode 6. Numerical values of the actions on buildings and civil engineering works to be taken into account in the design are not given in Eurocode 6. They are provided in Eurocode 1 "Actions on structures".

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Eurocode 6 applies to the design of buildings and civil engineering works, or parts thereof, in unreinforced, reinforced, prestressed and confined masonry. Eurocode 6 deals only with the requirements for resistance, serviceability and durability of structures. Other requirements, for example, concerning thermal or sound insulation, are not considered. Execution is covered to the extent that is necessary to indicate the quality of the construction materials and products that should be used and the standard of workmanship on site needed to comply with the assumptions made in the design rules. Eurocode 6 does not cover the special requirements of seismic design. Provisions related to such requirements are given in Eurocode 8 which complements, and is consistent with Eurocode 6. Numerical values of the actions on buildings and civil engineering works to be taken into account in the design are not given in Eurocode 6. They are provided in Eurocode 1. The basis for the design of buildings and civil engineering works in masonry is given in this Part 1-1 of Eurocode 6, which deals with unreinforced masonry and reinforced masonry where the reinforcement is added to provide ductility, strength or improve serviceability. The principles of the design of prestressed masonry and confined masonry are given, but application rules are not provided. This Part is not valid for masonry with a plan area of less than 0,04 m2. For those types of structures not covered entirely, for new structural uses for established materials, for new materials, or where actions and other influences outside normal experience have to be resisted, the principles and application rules given in this EN may be applicable, but may need to be supplemented. Part 1-1 gives detailed rules which are mainly applicable to ordinary buildings. The applicability of these rules may be limited, for practical reasons or due to simplifications; any limits of applicability are given in the text where necessary. The following subjects are dealt with in Part 1-1: - section 1 : General; - section 2 : Basis of design; - section 3 : Materials; - section 4 : Durability; - section 5 : Structural analysis; - section 6 : Ultimate Limit State; - section 7 : Serviceability Limit State; - section 8 : Detailing; - section 9 : Execution.

  • Standard
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Complementary to Eurocodes 1 to 7 and 9. Additional provisions for the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works to be constructed in seismic regions where risk to life and/or risk of structural damage are required to be reduced. General requirements and rules for assessment of seismic actions and combinations with other actions. General rules for earthquake resistant design of buildings and specific rules for buildings and elements constructed with each of the various structural materials.

  • Amendment
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TC - Modifications to "National annex for EN 1991-1-2", 1.6, Annex A, B.2, B.4.1 and B.4.2.

  • Corrigendum
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(1) Part 3 of EN 1991 specifies imposed loads (models and representative values) associated with cranes on runway beams and stationary machines which include, when relevant, dynamic effects and braking, acceleration and accidental forces.
(2) Section 1 defines common definitions and notations.
(3) Section 2 specifies actions induced by cranes on runways.
(4) Section 3 specifies actions induced by stationary machines.

  • Corrigendum
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EN 1991 provides general principles and actions for the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works including some geotechnical aspects and shall be used in conjunction with EN 1990 and EN 1992-1999. EN 1991 also covers structural design during execution and structural design for temporary structures. It relates to all circumstances in which a structure is required to give adequate performance. EN 1991 is not directly intended for the structural appraisal of existing construction, in developing the design of repairs and alterations or for assessing changes of use. EN 1991 does not completely cover special design situations which require unusual reliability considerations such as nuclear structures for which specified design procedures should be used.

  • Corrigendum
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