This document specifies the production methods, specifications, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marks, packing, transportation and storage for pre-fabricated parallel wire strand (PPWS), which are made of hot-dip galvanized or zinc-aluminium coated high tensile steel wires described in ISO 19203.

  • Standard
    14 pages
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  • Standard
    15 pages
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This document specifies minimum requirements and test methods for elastomeric seismic isolators used for bridges, as well as rubber material used in the manufacture of such isolators. It is applicable to elastomeric seismic isolators used to provide bridges with protection from earthquake damage. The isolators covered consist of alternate elastomeric layers and reinforcing steel plates, which are placed between a superstructure and its substructure to provide both flexibility for decoupling structural systems from ground motion and damping capability to reduce displacement at the isolation interface and the transmission of energy from the ground into the structure at the isolation frequency.

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    56 pages
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This Technical Report reviews current practice with regard to designing, constructing and maintaining the parts of bridges and tracks where railway rails are installed across discontinuities in supporting structures. Current Standards and Codes of Practice are examined and some particular case histories are reviewed. The Technical Report gives guidance with respect to current best practice and makes recommendations for future standards development and also identifies areas in which further research and development is needed.

  • Technical report
    105 pages
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This Technical Report reviews current practice with regard to designing, constructing and maintaining the parts of bridges and tracks where railway rails are installed across discontinuities in supporting structures. Current Standards and Codes of Practice are examined and some particular case histories are reviewed. The Technical Report gives guidance with respect to current best practice and makes recommendations for future standards development and also identifies areas in which further research and development is needed.

  • Technical report
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This document specifies the requirements for hot-dip galvanized (hereinafter referred to as zinc coated) and zinc-aluminium coated high tensile wires, which are widely used in parallel wire cables or semi-parallel wire cables for suspension bridges, stay bridges and other structures involving the use of parallel wires.

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    13 pages
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This European Standard applies to precast concrete structural elements produced in a factory and used in bridge construction, such as deck elements.Normal weight concrete elements are considered, both reinforced and prestressed; their use can be on road bridges, railway bridges and footbridges.
Deck elements include both single elements from which the deck may be composed (beams, slabs, ribbed or cellular elements) and elements consisting of a segment of the entire deck.
Some examples of elements dealt with are shown in Annex A.
The durability aspects are also considered.
This European Standard makes reference to precast elements produced in a factory or near the construction site in a place protected from adverse weather conditions. It is assumed that if the elements are not manufactured in a factory, the production conditions assure the same level of quality control as in a factory. It is assumed that the production place is protected from rain, sunshine and wind.
Some of the elements are also treated in other European Standards (e.g. beams, slabs). This European Standard deals with the specific aspects related to the use of these elements in bridge construction.
Foundation piles, piers, abutments, barriers, bumpers, guards, arches and" box culverts are out the scope of this European Standard.

  • Standard
    60 pages
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This European Standard applies to precast concrete structural elements produced in a factory and used in bridge construction, such as deck elements.Normal weight concrete elements are considered, both reinforced and prestressed; their use can be on road bridges, railway bridges and footbridges.
Deck elements include both single elements from which the deck may be composed (beams, slabs, ribbed or cellular elements) and elements consisting of a segment of the entire deck.
Some examples of elements dealt with are shown in Annex A.
The durability aspects are also considered.
This European Standard makes reference to precast elements produced in a factory or near the construction site in a place protected from adverse weather conditions. It is assumed that if the elements are not manufactured in a factory, the production conditions assure the same level of quality control as in a factory. It is assumed that the production place is protected from rain, sunshine and wind.
Some of the elements are also treated in other European Standards (e.g. beams, slabs). This European Standard deals with the specific aspects related to the use of these elements in bridge construction.
Foundation piles, piers, abutments, barriers, bumpers, guards, arches and" box culverts are out the scope of this European Standard.

  • Standard
    60 pages
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(1)   The scope of Eurocode 8 is defined in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.1 and the scope of this Standard is defined in 1.1.1. Additional parts of Eurocode 8 are indicated in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.3.
(2)   Within the framework of the scope set forth in EN 1998-1:2004, this part of the Standard contains the particular Performance Requirements, Compliance Criteria and Application Rules applicable to the design of earthquake resistant bridges.
(3)   This Part primarily covers the seismic design of bridges in which the horizontal seismic actions are mainly resisted through bending of the piers or at the abutments; i.e. of bridges composed of vertical or nearly vertical pier systems supporting the traffic deck superstructure. It is also applicable to the seismic design of cable-stayed and arched bridges, although its provisions should not be considered as fully covering these cases.
(4)   Suspension bridges, timber and masonry bridges, moveable bridges and floating bridges are not included in the scope of this Part.
(5)   This Part contains only those provisions that, in addition to other relevant Eurocodes or relevant Parts of EN 1998, should be observed for the design of bridges in seismic regions. In cases of low seismicity, simplified design criteria may be established (see 2.3.7(1)).
(6)   The following topics are dealt with in the text of this Part:
Basic requirements and Compliance Criteria,
Seismic Action,
Analysis,
Strength Verification,
Detailing.
This Part also includes a special section on seismic isolation with provisions covering the application of this method of seismic protection to bridges.
(7)   Annex G contains rules for the calculation of capacity design effects.
(8)   Annex J contains rules regarding the variation of design properties of seismic isolator units and how such variation may be taken into account in design.

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(1)   The scope of Eurocode 8 is defined in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.1 and the scope of this Standard is defined in 1.1.1. Additional parts of Eurocode 8 are indicated in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.3.
(2)   Within the framework of the scope set forth in EN 1998-1:2004, this part of the Standard contains the particular Performance Requirements, Compliance Criteria and Application Rules applicable to the design of earthquake resistant bridges.
(3)   This Part primarily covers the seismic design of bridges in which the horizontal seismic actions are mainly resisted through bending of the piers or at the abutments; i.e. of bridges composed of vertical or nearly vertical pier systems supporting the traffic deck superstructure. It is also applicable to the seismic design of cable-stayed and arched bridges, although its provisions should not be considered as fully covering these cases.
(4)   Suspension bridges, timber and masonry bridges, moveable bridges and floating bridges are not included in the scope of this Part.
(5)   This Part contains only those provisions that, in addition to other relevant Eurocodes or relevant Parts of EN 1998, should be observed for the design of bridges in seismic regions. In cases of low seismicity, simplified design criteria may be established (see 2.3.7(1)).
(6)   The following topics are dealt with in the text of this Part:
Basic requirements and Compliance Criteria,
Seismic Action,
Analysis,
Strength Verification,
Detailing.
This Part also includes a special section on seismic isolation with provisions covering the application of this method of seismic protection to bridges.
(7)   Annex G contains rules for the calculation of capacity design effects.
(8)   Annex J contains rules regarding the variation of design properties of seismic isolator units and how such variation may be taken into account in design.

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(101)P Part 2 of Eurocode 2 gives a basis for the design of bridges and parts of bridges in plain, reinforced and prestressed concrete made with normal and light weight aggregates.
(102)P The following subjects are dealt with in Part 2.
Section 1: General
Section 2: Basis of design
Section 3: Materials
Section 4: Durability and cover to reinforcement
Section 5: Structural analysis
Section 6: Ultimate limit states
Section 7: Serviceability limit states
Section 8: Detailing of reinforcement and prestressing tendons — General
Section 9: Detailing of members and particular rules
Section 10: Additional rules for precast concrete elements and structures
Section 11: Lightweight aggregate concrete structures
Section 12: Plain and lightly reinforced concrete structures
Section 113: Design for the execution stages

  • National annex
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(1) The scope of Eurocode 8 is defined in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.1 and the scope of this Standard is defined in 1.1.1. Additional parts of Eurocode 8 are indicated in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.3.
(2) Within the framework of the scope set forth in EN 1998-1:2004, this part of the Standard contains the particular Performance Requirements, Compliance Criteria and Application Rules applicable to the design of earthquake resistant bridges.
(3) This Part primarily covers the seismic design of bridges in which the horizontal seismic actions are mainly resisted through bending of the piers or at the abutments; i.e. of bridges composed of vertical or nearly vertical pier systems supporting the traffic deck superstructure. It is also applicable to the seismic design of cable-stayed and arched bridges, although its provisions should not be considered as fully covering these cases.
(4) Suspension bridges, timber and masonry bridges, moveable bridges and floating bridges are not included in the scope of this Part.
(5) This Part contains only those provisions that, in addition to other relevant Eurocodes or relevant Parts of EN 1998, should be observed for the design of bridges in seismic regions. In cases of low seismicity, simplified design criteria may be established (see 2.3.7(1)).
(6) The following topics are dealt with in the text of this Part:  Basic requirements and Compliance Criteria,  Seismic Action,  Analysis,  Strength Verification,  Detailing.
This Part also includes a special section on seismic isolation with provisions covering the application of this method of seismic protection to bridges.
(7) Annex G contains rules for the calculation of capacity design effects.
(8) Annex J contains rules regarding the variation of design properties of seismic isolator units and how such variation may be taken into account in design.

  • Corrigendum
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TC - Modifications to the English reference version of the mother standard regarding the Foreword, "Additional information specific to EN 1991-2", "National Annex for EN 1991-2", Clauses 2, 4 and 6 and Annexes A, B, D and E.

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TC - Modifications to the English reference version of the mother standard regarding the Foreword, "Additional information specific to EN 1991-2", "National Annex for EN 1991-2", Clauses 2, 4 and 6 and Annexes A, B, D and E.
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

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TC - Editorial modifications to "National annex for EN 1998-2", 4.2.4.4, 5.6.2 and 6.2.2 in the three language versions of the mother standard.
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

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TC - Modifications to "National annex for EN 1993-2", Clauses 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 and Annexes A, B, C, D and E in the English mother version.

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TC - Modifications to "National annex for EN 1993-2", Clauses 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 and Annexes A, B, C, D and E in the English mother version.
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

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TC - Modifications in Clauses 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8 in the E mother reference version.

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(1)   The scope of Eurocode 8 is defined in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.1 and the scope of this Standard is defined in 1.1.1. Additional parts of Eurocode 8 are indicated in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.3.
(2)   Within the framework of the scope set forth in EN 1998-1:2004, this part of the Standard contains the particular Performance Requirements, Compliance Criteria and Application Rules applicable to the design of earthquake resistant bridges.
(3)   This Part primarily covers the seismic design of bridges in which the horizontal seismic actions are mainly resisted through bending of the piers or at the abutments; i.e. of bridges composed of vertical or nearly vertical pier systems supporting the traffic deck superstructure. It is also applicable to the seismic design of cable-stayed and arched bridges, although its provisions should not be considered as fully covering these cases.
(4)   Suspension bridges, timber and masonry bridges, moveable bridges and floating bridges are not included in the scope of this Part.
(5)   This Part contains only those provisions that, in addition to other relevant Eurocodes or relevant Parts of EN 1998, should be observed for the design of bridges in seismic regions. In cases of low seismicity, simplified design criteria may be established (see 2.3.7(1)).
(6)   The following topics are dealt with in the text of this Part:
Basic requirements and Compliance Criteria,
Seismic Action,
Analysis,
Strength Verification,
Detailing.
This Part also includes a special section on seismic isolation with provisions covering the application of this method of seismic protection to bridges.
(7)   Annex G contains rules for the calculation of capacity design effects.
(8)   Annex J contains rules regarding the variation of design properties of seismic isolator units and how such variation may be taken into account in design.

  • Amendment
    11 pages
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TC - Modifications in Clauses 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8 in the E mother reference version.
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

  • Corrigendum
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EUROCODE - NO CONSOLIDATION AT PUBLICATION
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

  • Amendment
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Nacionalni dodatek vsebuje podatke o nacionalno določenih parametrih, izbiri med alternativnimi postopki projektiranja in o statusu dodatkov, ki jih je treba pri uporabi SIST EN 1995-2:2005 upoštevati v Sloveniji. Za vsa mesta, kjer je dovoljena nacionalna izbira, razen glede statusa dodatkov, so v SIST EN 1995-2:2005 podane opombe, seznam točk s temi opombami pa je podan na strani 5 v SIST EN 1995-2:2005.

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  • National annex
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TC - Various changes of internal and external cross references, wording and improvement of equations, changes of modal verbs in annexes, correction of equations (expressions)

  • Corrigendum
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TC - Correction of references (footnotes to text), changes of references in national annexes, improvement of wording and replacement of Figure C.1

  • Corrigendum
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TC - Various changes of internal and external cross references, wording and improvement of equations, changes of modal verbs in annexes, correction of equations (expressions)
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

  • Corrigendum
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TC - Correction of references (footnotes to text), changes of references in national annexes, improvement of wording and replacement of Figure C.1
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

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This Part 11 of prEN 1993-1 gives design rules for structures  with tension components made of steel which due to their  connections with the structure are adjustable and replaceable.  Due to the requirement of adjustability and replaceability such  tension components are mostly prefabricated products  delivered to site and installed into the structure as a whole.  Tension components that are not adjustable or replaceable, e.  g. air spun cables of suspension bridges, are outside the  scope of this part though rules of this part may be applicable.  This part also gives rules for determining the technical  requirements for prefabricated tension components for a  structure and for assessing their safety, serviceability and  durability.

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    34 pages
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EN 1993-2 provides a general basis for the structural design of steel bridges and steel parts of composite bridges. It gives provisions that supplement, modify or supersede the equivalent provisions given in the various parts of EN 1993-1.  (2) The design criteria for composite bridges are covered in EN 1994-2.  (3) The design of high strength cables and related parts are included in EN 1993-1-11.  (4) This European Standard is concerned only with the resistance, serviceability and durability of bridge structures. Other aspects of design are not considered.  (5) For the execution of steel bridge structures, EN 1090 should be taken into account.  NOTE:  As long as EN 1090 is not yet available a provisional guidance is given in Annex C.   (6) Execution is covered to the extent that is necessary to indicate the quality of the construction materials and products that should be used and the standard of workmanship needed to comply with the assumptions of the design rules.  (7) Special requirements of seismic design are not covered. Reference should be made to the requirements given in EN 1998, which complements and modifies the rules of EN 1993-2 specifically for this purpose.

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    102 pages
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EN1993-1-11 gives design rules for structures with tension components made of steel, which, due to their connections with the structure, are adjustable and replaceable

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EN 1993-2 provides a general basis for the structural design of steel bridges and steel parts of composite bridges. It gives provisions that supplement, modify or supersede the equivalent provisions given in the various parts of EN 1993-1.  (2) The design criteria for composite bridges are covered in EN 1994-2.  (3) The design of high strength cables and related parts are included in EN 1993-1-11.  (4) This European Standard is concerned only with the resistance, serviceability and durability of bridge structures. Other aspects of design are not considered.  (5) For the execution of steel bridge structures, EN 1090 should be taken into account.  NOTE:  As long as EN 1090 is not yet available a provisional guidance is given in Annex C.   (6) Execution is covered to the extent that is necessary to indicate the quality of the construction materials and products that should be used and the standard of workmanship needed to comply with the assumptions of the design rules.  (7) Special requirements of seismic design are not covered. Reference should be made to the requirements given in EN 1998, which complements and modifies the rules of EN 1993-2 specifically for this purpose.

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(1)   The scope of Eurocode 8 is defined in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.1 and the scope of this Standard is defined in 1.1.1. Additional parts of Eurocode 8 are indicated in EN 1998-1:2004, 1.1.3.
(2)   Within the framework of the scope set forth in EN 1998-1:2004, this part of the Standard contains the particular Performance Requirements, Compliance Criteria and Application Rules applicable to the design of earthquake resistant bridges.
(3)   This Part primarily covers the seismic design of bridges in which the horizontal seismic actions are mainly resisted through bending of the piers or at the abutments; i.e. of bridges composed of vertical or nearly vertical pier systems supporting the traffic deck superstructure. It is also applicable to the seismic design of cable-stayed and arched bridges, although its provisions should not be considered as fully covering these cases.
(4)   Suspension bridges, timber and masonry bridges, moveable bridges and floating bridges are not included in the scope of this Part.
(5)   This Part contains only those provisions that, in addition to other relevant Eurocodes or relevant Parts of EN 1998, should be observed for the design of bridges in seismic regions. In cases of low seismicity, simplified design criteria may be established (see 2.3.7(1)).
(6)   The following topics are dealt with in the text of this Part:
Basic requirements and Compliance Criteria,
Seismic Action,
Analysis,
Strength Verification,
Detailing.
This Part also includes a special section on seismic isolation with provisions covering the application of this method of seismic protection to bridges.
(7)   Annex G contains rules for the calculation of capacity design effects.
(8)   Annex J contains rules regarding the variation of design properties of seismic isolator units and how such variation may be taken into account in design.

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(1) Part 2 of Eurocode 4 gives design rules for steel-concrete composite bridges or members of bridges, additional to the general rules in EN 1994-1-1. Cable stayed bridges are not fully covered by this part.
(2) The following subjects are dealt with in Part 2:
Section 1:   General
Section 2:   Basis of design
Section 3:   Materials
Section 4:   Durability
Section 5:   Structural analysis
Section 6:   Ultimate limit states
Section 7:   Serviceability limit states
Section 8:   Decks with precast concrete slabs
Section 9:   Composite plates in bridges
(3) Provisions for shear connectors are given only for welded headed studs.
NOTE: Reference to guidance for other types as shear connectors may be given in the National Annex.

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Complementary to Part 1. Varied general rules and additional detailed rules for the structural design of road, rail and footbridges using reinforced and/or prestressed concrete.

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Complementary to EN 1992-2, EN 1993-2 and EN 1994-2. Design rules for earthquake resistant design of steel, concrete and composite bridges.

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Complementary to Part 1. Varied general rules and additional detailed rules for the structural design of road, rail and footbridges using reinforced and/or prestressed concrete.

  • Standard
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(1) Part 2 of Eurocode 4 gives design rules for steel-concrete composite bridges or members of bridges, additional to the general rules in EN 1994-1-1. Cable stayed bridges are not fully covered by this part.
(2) The following subjects are dealt with in Part 2:
Section 1:   General
Section 2:   Basis of design
Section 3:   Materials
Section 4:   Durability
Section 5:   Structural analysis
Section 6:   Ultimate limit states
Section 7:   Serviceability limit states
Section 8:   Decks with precast concrete slabs
Section 9:   Composite plates in bridges
(3) Provisions for shear connectors are given only for welded headed studs.
NOTE: Reference to guidance for other types as shear connectors may be given in the National Annex.

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(1) EN 1995-2 gives general design rules for the structural parts of bridges, i.e. structural members of importance for the reliability of the whole bridge or major parts of it, made of timber or other wood-based materials, either singly or compositely with concrete, steel or other materials.
(2) The following subjects are dealt with in EN 1995-2:
Section 1:   General
Section 2:   Basis of design
Section 3:   Material properties
Section 4:   Durability
Section 5:   Basis of structural analysis
Section 6:   Ultimate limit states
Section 7:   Serviceability limit states
Section 8:   Connections
Section 9:   Structural detailing and control
(3) Section 1 and Section 2 also provide additional clauses to those given in EN 1990:2002 "Eurocode: Basis of structural design".
(4) Unless specifically stated, EN 1995-1-1 applies.

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(1) EN 1995-2 gives general design rules for the structural parts of bridges, i.e. structural members of importance for the reliability of the whole bridge or major parts of it, made of timber or other wood-based materials, either singly or compositely with concrete, steel or other materials.
(2) The following subjects are dealt with in EN 1995-2:
Section 1:   General
Section 2:   Basis of design
Section 3:   Material properties
Section 4:   Durability
Section 5:   Basis of structural analysis
Section 6:   Ultimate limit states
Section 7:   Serviceability limit states
Section 8:   Connections
Section 9:   Structural detailing and control
(3) Section 1 and Section 2 also provide additional clauses to those given in EN 1990:2002 "Eurocode: Basis of structural design".
(4) Unless specifically stated, EN 1995-1-1 applies.

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Assessment of imposed loads associated with road traffic, pedestrian actions and rail traffic including dynamic effects, centrifugal, braking, acceleration and accidental forces, to be used for the structural design of road, railway and pedestrian/cycle bridges. Guidance on combinations with non-traffic loads and other actions on road and railway bridges, and loads on parapets.

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ISO 18649:2004 provides methodology for the evaluation of results from dynamic tests and investigations on bridges and viaducts. It complements the procedure for conducting the tests as given in ISO 14963 and considers -- the objectives of the dynamic tests, -- the techniques for data analysis and system identification, -- the modelling of the bridge, and -- evaluation of the measured data. The dynamic tests considered in ISO 18649:2004 do not replace static tests. ISO 18649:2004 gives guidance on the assessment of measurements carried out over the life cycle of the bridge. The stages of the life cycle that are considered are -- during construction and prior to commissioning, -- during commissioning trials, -- during specified periods throughout the life of the bridge, and -- immediately prior to decommissioning the bridge. ISO 18649:2004 is applicable to road, rail and pedestrian bridges and viaducts (both during construction and operation) and also to other works, provided that they justify its application. The application of this International Standard to special structures (cable-stayed or suspension bridges) requires specific tests that take into account the particular characteristics of the work.

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    26 pages
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  • Standard
    30 pages
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ISO 14963:2003 provides guidelines for dynamic tests and investigations on bridges and viaducts. It classifies the testing as a function of construction and usage, indicates the types of investigation and control for individual structural parts and whole structures, lists the equipment required for excitation and measurement, and classifies the techniques of investigation with reference to suitable methods for signal processing, data presentation and reporting. ISO 14963:2003 provides general criteria for dynamic tests. These can supply information on the dynamic behaviour of a structure that can serve as a basis for condition monitoring or system identification. The dynamic tests detailed in ISO 14963:2003 do not replace static tests. The tests may seek to define all of the dynamic characteristics of each mode of vibration examined (i.e. frequency, stiffness, mode shape and damping) and their non-linear variation with amplitude of motion. ISO 14963:2003 is applicable to road, rail and pedestrian bridges and viaducts (both during construction and operation) and also to other works (or types of works), provided that their particular structure justifies its application. The application of ISO 14963:2003 to special structures (stayed or suspension bridges) requires specific tests which take into account the particular characteristics of the work.

  • Standard
    27 pages
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  • Standard
    29 pages
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Assessment of imposed loads associated with road traffic, pedestrian actions and rail traffic including dynamic effects, centrifugal, braking, acceleration and accidental forces, to be used for the structural design of road, railway and pedestrian/cycle bridges. Guidance on combinations with non-traffic loads and other actions on road and railway bridges, and loads on parapets.

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Specifies requirements for rubber materials used in elastomeric bridge bearings, which may be of the plain-pad or laminated type. Also specifies methods of test and describes procedures for the preparation of test pieces from finished bearings. Does not contain aspects relating to design properties and quality control of the complete bearing, except where the complete bearing is used as the source of samples and test pieces to determine properties of the rubber material. Does not include dimensions and tolerances.

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    8 pages
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  • Standard
    10 pages
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  • Standard
    10 pages
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Removal of bridge abutments from the scope of the standard

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The purpose of ISO 28842:2013 is to provide sufficient information to perform the design of the structural concrete bridge that complies with the limitations established in ISO 28842:2013. The rules of design as set forth in ISO 28842:2013 are simplifications of more elaborate requirements.
ISO 28842:2013 can be used as an alternative to the development of a national concrete bridge design and construction code, or equivalent document in countries where no national design codes are available by themselves, or as an alternative to the national concrete bridge design and construction code in countries where specifically considered and accepted by the national standards body or other appropriate regulatory organization, and applies to the planning, design and construction of structural concrete bridges to be used in new bridges of restricted span length, height of piers, and type.

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