Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages, heat pumps and dehumidifiers with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling - Measurement of airborne noise - Determination of the sound power level

This European Standard establishes requirements for determining, in accordance with a standardized procedure, the sound power level emitted into the surrounding air by air conditioners, heat pumps, liquid chilling packages with electrically driven compressors when used for space heating and/or cooling, including water cooled multisplit systems, as described in EN 14511 and dehumidifiers as described in EN 810.
This European Standard also covers the measurement of the sound power level of evaporatively-cooled condenser air conditioners, as defined in EN 15218. However, the measurement should be done without external water feeding and these units will thus be considered as the other air conditioners covered by EN 14511.
It is emphasised that this measurement standard only refers to airborne noise.
This European Standard offers ways to determine the sound power level of units. Some of them are specifically adapted to provide results with low uncertainties, by using laboratory class acoustic methods and highly controlled working conditions. Those measurements are suitable for certification, labelling and marking purposes.
In some cases, the target and/or the environment of the measurements do not allow such precision-class methods. This European Standard also offers ways to assess sound power levels with acceptable accuracy even though acoustic methods and/or working conditions are not laboratory-type, e.g. in situ or quality control measurements.
This European Standard gives two classes of measurements and results, according to the test environment:
-   Class A measurements correspond to controlled working conditions (standard or application rating conditions). It is defined by the respect to the tolerances of Table 2 and should be used for the conformity to requirements of the Commission Regulation (EC) No 206/2012 of 6 March 2012 implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for air conditioners
-   Class B measurements correspond to the case where the range defined by the tolerances of Table 2 cannot be fulfilled.
In both classes, precision or engineering class acoustic methods should be applied. The choice of the acoustic measurement method is done in accordance with EN ISO 3740 and EN ISO 9614 depending on the type of surrounding acoustic fields (diffuse or free field, enclosed or open space), and the available instrumentation. Whatever the current working conditions, the reference of acoustic standard should be reported, with explicit mention of its accuracy class.
The use of EN ISO 3746 and EN ISO 3747 as survey grade methods are not recommended due to the high level of uncertainties. Their use is only allowed for non controlled environments.
Three methods for determining the sound power levels are specified in order to avoid unduly restricting existing facilities and experience:
-   the first methodology is based on reverberation room measurement (see EN ISO 3741, EN ISO 3743 and EN ISO 3747 in some favourable cases when the engineering grade can be fulfilled);
-   the second method is based on measurements in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (see EN ISO 3744 and EN ISO 3745);
-   the third method is based on sound intensity measurement (see EN ISO 9614) in preferably free field environment.
The references in this European Standard to EN ISO 3743 should be understood as EN ISO 3743-1 or EN ISO 3743-2 as well.
The necessity to regulate the test conditions obviously leads to recommend test methods implemented in acoustically designed (enclosed) spaces, such as EN ISO 3741, EN ISO 3743, EN ISO 3745 and also EN ISO 9614 when implemented in an enclosed space.
The open spaces should be covered only in specific cases, e.g. when the size or the power of the unit under test cannot be managed by standard test rooms. Suitable test methods are EN ISO 3744 and EN ISO 9614.

Klimageräte, Flüssigkeitskühlsätze, Wärmepumpen und Entfeuchter mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern zur Raumbeheizung und -kühlung - Messung der Luftschallemissionen - Bestimmung des Schallleistungspegels

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen fest, nach denen der von Luftkonditionierern, Wärmepumpen und Flüssigkeitskühlsätzen mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern zur Raumbeheizung und/oder -kühlung, einschließlich wassergekühlten Multi-Split-Systemen nach EN 14511 und Entfeuchtern nach EN 810, an die umgebende Luft abgegebene Schallleistungspegel nach einem genormten Verfahren ermittelt wird.
Diese Europäische Norm deckt auch die Messung des Schallleistungspegels von Luftkonditionierern mit verdunstungsgekühltem Verflüssiger nach EN 15218 ab. Die Messung sollte jedoch ohne Wasserzuleitung von außen durchgeführt werden, und die entsprechenden Geräte werden daher wie die weiteren durch EN 14511 abgedeckten Luftkonditionierer behandelt.
Es wird darauf hingewiesen, dass sich diese Messnorm ausschließlich auf den Luftschall bezieht.
Diese Europäische Norm enthält Verfahren für die Ermittlung des Schallleistungspegels von Geräten. Einige dieser Ver¬fahren sind durch Anwendung akustischer Prüfstandsverfahren und streng geregelter Arbeits-bedingungen speziell so angepasst, dass die Ergebnisse nur geringe Messunsicherheiten aufweisen. Diese Messungen sind für die Zertifizierung, Etikettierung und Kennzeichnung geeignet.
In einigen Fällen sind aufgrund der Zielsetzung und/oder der Messumgebung Verfahren dieser Genauigkeits-klasse 1 nicht möglich. Diese Europäische Norm enthält außerdem Verfahren für eine ausreichend genaue Beurteilung von Schallleistungspegeln mit akustischen Verfahren und/oder Arbeitsbedingungen, bei denen es sich nicht um den Typ Prüfstand handelt, z. B. In-situ- oder Qualitätskontrollmessungen.
Die vorliegende Europäische Norm enthält in Abhängigkeit von der Prüfumgebung 2 Klassen für Messungen und Ergebnisse:
-   Messungen der Klasse A entsprechen geregelten Arbeitsbedingungen (Norm- oder Betriebs-Nennbe-dingungen). Klasse A wird definiert durch Einhaltung der Grenzabweichungen nach Tabelle 2 und sollte zum Zwecke der Übereinstimmung mit den Anforderungen der Verordnung (EU) Nr 206/2012 der Kommission vom 6. März 2012 zur Durchführung der Richtlinie 2009/125/EG des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates im Hinblick auf die Festlegung von Anforderungen an die umweltgerechte Gestaltung von Raumklimageräten und Komfortventilatoren anzuwenden;
-   Messungen der Klasse B können den durch die Grenzabweichungen in Tabelle 2 vorgegebenen Bereich nicht einhalten.
Bei beiden Klassen sollten akustische Verfahren der Genauigkeitsklasse 1 oder 2 angewendet werden. Die Auswahl des akustischen Messverfahrens erfolgt nach EN ISO 3740 und EN ISO 9614 in Abhängigkeit von der Art der umgebenden Schallfelder (diffuses oder freies Schallfeld, geschlossener oder offener Raum) und den zur Verfügung stehenden Messgeräten. Unabhängig von den gegebenen Arbeitsbedingungen sollte die Akustik-Norm mit ausdrücklicher Angabe der Genauigkeitsklasse verzeichnet werden.
Die Anwendung von EN ISO 3746 und EN ISO 3747 (Verfahren der Genauigkeitsklasse 3) wird aufgrund der hohen Messunsicherheiten nicht empfohlen. Ihre Anwendung ist nur in Umgebungen mit nicht geregelten Bedingungen zulässig.
Festgelegt sind drei Verfahren zur Ermittlung der Schallleistungspegel, um unnötige Einschränkungen von vorhandenen Einrichtungen und Erfahrungen zu vermeiden:
-   das erste Verfahren beruht auf der Messung nach dem Hallraumverfahren (siehe EN ISO 3741, EN ISO 3743 und, in einigen günstigen Fällen, wenn die Anforderungen an die Genauigkeitsklasse 2 erreicht werden können, auf EN ISO 3747);
-   das zweite Verfahren beruht auf Messungen in einem im Wesentlichen freien Schallfeld über einer reflektierenden Ebene (siehe EN ISO 3744 und EN ISO 3745);

Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide, pompes à chaleur et déshumidificateurs avec compresseur entraîné par moteur électrique pour le chauffage et la réfrigération - Mesure de bruit aérien émis - Détermination du niveau de puissance acoustique

La présente Norme européenne établit les exigences de détermination, suivant un mode opératoire normalisé, du niveau de puissance acoustique émis dans l’air environnant par les climatiseurs, pompes à chaleur ou groupes refroidisseurs de liquide avec compresseur entraîné par moteur électrique, lorsqu’ils sont utilisés pour le chauffage et/ou le refroidissement d’un espace, incluant les systèmes multi-split à condensation par eau comme décrit dans l’EN 14511, et par les déshumidificateurs comme décrits par l’EN 810.
La présente Norme européenne couvre également le mesurage du niveau de puissance acoustique des climatiseurs à condenseur refroidi par évaporation, comme défini dans l’EN 15218. Cependant, il convient que le mesurage soit réalisé sans alimentation d’eau externe et ces appareils seront alors considérés comme les autres climatiseurs couverts par l’EN 14511.
Il est souligné que la présente norme de mesure se réfère uniquement au bruit aérien.
La présente Norme européenne propose des moyens de déterminer le niveau de puissance acoustique des appareils. Certains sont spécifiquement adaptés pour fournir des résultats de faible incertitude, en utilisant des méthodes acoustiques de laboratoire et des conditions de travail très contrôlées. Ces mesurages conviennent dans un but de certification, d’étiquetage et de marquage.
Dans certains cas, l’objectif et/ou l’environnement des mesurages ne permettent pas d’obtenir des méthodes d’une telle classe de précision. La présente Norme européenne propose aussi des moyens d’évaluer les niveaux de puissance acoustique avec une exactitude acceptable bien que les méthodes acoustiques et/ou les conditions de travail ne soient pas celles de laboratoire, par exemple in situ ou lors de mesurages de contrôle qualité.
La présente Norme européenne propose deux classes de mesure et les résultats obtenus, selon l’environnement de l’essai :
-   les mesurages de classe A correspondent aux conditions de travail contrôlées (conditions de performance nominale ou d’application). Elles sont définies par le respect des tolérances du Tableau 2 et il convient qu’elles soient utilisées pour la conformité aux exigences du Règlement de la Commission (CE) N°206/2012 du 6 mars 2012 portant application de la Directive 2009/125/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil en ce qui concerne les exigences d’écoconception applicables aux climatiseurs et aux ventilateurs de confort ;
-   les mesurages de classe B correspondent aux cas où les tolérances du Tableau 2 ne peuvent pas être respectées.
Pour les deux classes, il convient d’appliquer des méthodes acoustiques de précision ou d’expertise. Le choix de la méthode de mesure acoustique est effectué conformément à l’EN ISO 3740 et à l’EN ISO 9614, selon le type de champ acoustique environnant (diffus ou libre, espace fermé ou ouvert), et les instruments disponibles. Quelles que soient les conditions de travail courantes, il convient que la référence de la norme acoustique soit consignée, avec mention explicite de sa classe d’exactitude.
L’utilisation des EN ISO 3746 et EN ISO 3747 comme méthodes de contrôle n’est pas recommandée à cause du haut niveau d’incertitude. Leur utilisation est autorisée uniquement pour les environnements non contrôlés.
Trois méthodes de détermination des niveaux de puissance acoustique sont spécifiées, pour éviter de restreindre sans raison des installations et expériences existantes.
-   La première méthode est basée sur les mesurages en salle réverbérante (voir l’EN ISO 3741 et l’EN ISO 3743 et l'EN ISO 3747 dans des cas favorables lorsque le niveau d’expertise peut être rempli).
-   la deuxième sur les mesurages en champ essentiellement libre au-dessus d’un plan réfléchissant (voir l’EN ISO 3744 et l’EN ISO 3745) ;

Klimatske naprave, enote za tekočinsko hlajenje, toplotne črpalke in razvlaževalniki z električnimi kompresorji za ogrevanje ali hlajenje prostora - Merjenje hrupa v zraku - Določanje ravni zvočne moči

Ta evropski standard v skladu s standardiziranim postopkom določa zahteve za določanje ravni zvočne moči, ki jo v okoljski zrak oddajajo klimatske naprave, toplotne črpalke, enote za tekočinsko hlajenje z električnimi kompresorji, kadar se ti uporabljajo za hlajenje in/ali ogrevanje prostora, vključno z vodno hlajenimi sistemi z več razcepi, kakor je opisano v standardu EN 14511, in sušilniki zraka, kakor je opisano v standardu EN 810. Ta evropski standard zajema tudi merjenje ravni zvočne moči klimatskih naprav s kondenzatorjem, ohlajenim z izhlapevanjem, kakor je opisano v standardu EN 15218. Meritev naj bi se opravila brez zunanjega dotoka vode in te enote bodo torej obravnavane kot druge klimatske naprave, zajete v standard EN 14511. Poudariti je treba, da se ta standard za merjenje nanaša zgolj na hrup, ki se prenaša po zraku. Ta evropski standard ponuja načine za določanje ravni zvočne moči enot. Nekatere od njih so z uporabo laboratorijskih akustičnih metod in dobro nadzorovanih delovnih pogojev posebej prilagojeni zagotavljanju rezultatov z nizko negotovostjo. Te meritve so primerne za namene certificiranja, označevanja z nalepkami in drugega označevanja. V nekaterih primerih cilj in/ali okolje meritev ne dopuščata tako natančnih metod. Ta evropski standard ponuja tudi načine za ocenjevanje ravni zvočne moči s sprejemljivo natančnostjo, čeprav so akustične metode in/ali delovni pogoji drugačni kot v laboratoriju, npr. meritve na terenu ali meritve za kontrolo kakovosti.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Jul-2013
Withdrawal Date
28-Nov-2017
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
29-Nov-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Klimageräte, Flüssigkeitskühlsätze, Wärmepumpen und Entfeuchter mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern zur Raumbeheizung und -kühlung - Messung der Luftschallemissionen - Bestimmung des SchallleistungspegelsClimatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide, pompes à chaleur et déshumidificateurs avec compresseur entraîné par moteur électrique pour le chauffage et la réfrigération - Mesure de bruit aérien émis - Détermination du niveau de puissance acoustiqueAir conditioners, liquid chilling packages, heat pumps and dehumidifiers with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling - Measurement of airborne noise - Determination of the sound power level27.080Heat pumps91.140.30VLVWHPLVentilation and air-conditioning17.140.20Emisija hrupa naprav in opremeNoise emitted by machines and equipment23.120QDSUDYHVentilators. Fans. Air-conditionersICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12102:2013SIST EN 12102:2014en,fr,de01-januar-2014SIST EN 12102:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12102:20081DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12102:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12102

July 2013 ICS 17.140.20; 27.080; 91.140.30 Supersedes EN 12102:2008English Version

Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages, heat pumps and dehumidifiers with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling - Measurement of airborne noise - Determination of the sound power level

Climatiseurs, groupes refroidisseurs de liquide, pompes à chaleur et déshumidificateurs avec compresseur entraîné par moteur électrique pour le chauffage et la réfrigération - Mesure de bruit aérien émis - Détermination du niveau de puissance acoustique

Klimageräte, Flüssigkeitskühlsätze, Wärmepumpen und Entfeuchter mit elektrisch angetriebenen Verdichtern zur Raumbeheizung und -kühlung - Messung der Luftschallemissionen - Bestimmung des Schallleistungspegels This European Standard was approved by CEN on 30 May 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 12102:2013: ESIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................5 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................6 3 Terms, definitions and symbols ...........................................................................................................7 3.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................7 3.2 Symbols ..................................................................................................................................................7 3.2.1 Non ducted units....................................................................................................................................7 3.2.2 Ducted units ...........................................................................................................................................7 3.3 Standard operating conditions .............................................................................................................8 4 Measuring instruments .........................................................................................................................8 5 Operation of the unit .............................................................................................................................9 6 Installation ........................................................................................................................................... 11 6.1 General points ..................................................................................................................................... 11 6.2 Ducted units ........................................................................................................................................ 11 6.2.1 Installation ........................................................................................................................................... 11 6.2.2 Duct end correction ............................................................................................................................ 11 6.2.3 Bend correction .................................................................................................................................. 12 6.2.4 Pressure and airflow measurements ................................................................................................ 13 6.2.5 Casing radiated test ........................................................................................................................... 14 6.3 Wall mounted ...................................................................................................................................... 14 6.4 Ceiling mounted .................................................................................................................................. 14 6.5 Window-type ........................................................................................................................................ 14 6.6 Multisplits ............................................................................................................................................ 14 6.7 Single ducts ......................................................................................................................................... 14 6.7.1 Noise radiated by the casing ............................................................................................................. 14 6.7.2 Ducted outlet ....................................................................................................................................... 15 7 Acoustic measurement methods ...................................................................................................... 15 7.1 Frequency range ................................................................................................................................. 15 7.2 To choose a method ........................................................................................................................... 15 7.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15 7.2.2 Available test facilities ....................................................................................................................... 15 7.2.3 Target of measurement ...................................................................................................................... 16 7.3 Reverberation room methods ............................................................................................................ 16 7.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 16 7.3.2 Non ducted units................................................................................................................................. 16 7.3.3 Ducted units ........................................................................................................................................ 17 7.4 Installation of the free field over a reflecting plane method .......................................................... 18 7.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 7.4.2 Reference surface ............................................................................................................................... 18 7.4.3 Measuring surface .............................................................................................................................. 18 8 Uncertainty of measurement results ................................................................................................ 20 9 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 20 9.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 20 9.2 Unit specification ................................................................................................................................ 20 9.3 Operating conditions, installation and environmental conditions ................................................ 21 9.4 Measurement instruments ................................................................................................................. 21 9.5 Measured values and results ............................................................................................................. 21 SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 3 Annex A (normative)

Specific measurement for variable speed units ........................................................ 23 A.1 General requirements ......................................................................................................................... 23 A.2 Test mode ............................................................................................................................................. 23 A.3 Measurements process ....................................................................................................................... 23 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the requirements of Commission Regulation (EC) No 206/2012 ....................................................................................... 24 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 25

SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 12102:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 113 “Heat pumps and air conditioning units”, the secretariat of which is held by AENOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2014 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2014. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12102:2008. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below: a) the addition of a table containing the sound power levels to be recorded in the test report; b) the addition of an Annex ZA relating to the Commission Regulation (EC) n°206/2012. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard establishes requirements for determining, in accordance with a standardized procedure, the sound power level emitted into the surrounding air by air conditioners, heat pumps, liquid chilling packages with electrically driven compressors when used for space heating and/or cooling, including water cooled multisplit systems, as described in EN 14511 and dehumidifiers as described in EN 810. This European Standard also covers the measurement of the sound power level of evaporatively-cooled condenser air conditioners, as defined in EN 15218. However, the measurement should be done without external water feeding and these units will thus be considered as the other air conditioners covered by EN 14511.

It is emphasised that this measurement standard only refers to airborne noise.

This European Standard offers ways to determine the sound power level of units. Some of them are specifically adapted to provide results with low uncertainties, by using laboratory class acoustic methods and highly controlled working conditions. Those measurements are suitable for certification, labelling and marking purposes.

In some cases, the target and/or the environment of the measurements do not allow such precision-class methods. This European Standard also offers ways to assess sound power levels with acceptable accuracy even though acoustic methods and/or working conditions are not laboratory-type, e.g. in situ or quality control measurements. This European Standard gives two classes of measurements and results, according to the test environment:

 Class A measurements correspond to controlled working conditions (standard or application rating conditions). It is defined by the respect to the tolerances of Table 2 and should be used for the conformity to requirements of the Commission Regulation (EC) No 206/2012 of 6 March 2012 implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for air conditioners  Class B measurements correspond to the case where the range defined by the tolerances of Table 2 cannot be fulfilled. In both classes, precision or engineering class acoustic methods should be applied. The choice of the acoustic measurement method is done in accordance with EN ISO 3740 and EN ISO 9614 depending on the type of surrounding acoustic fields (diffuse or free field, enclosed or open space), and the available instrumentation. Whatever the current working conditions, the reference of acoustic standard should be reported, with explicit mention of its accuracy class. The use of EN ISO 3746 and EN ISO 3747 as survey grade methods are not recommended due to the high level of uncertainties. Their use is only allowed for non controlled environments. Three methods for determining the sound power levels are specified in order to avoid unduly restricting existing facilities and experience:  the first methodology is based on reverberation room measurement (see EN ISO 3741, EN ISO 3743 and EN ISO 3747 in some favourable cases when the engineering grade can be fulfilled);

 the second method is based on measurements in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (see EN ISO 3744 and EN ISO 3745);

 the third method is based on sound intensity measurement (see EN ISO 9614) in preferably free field environment. SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 6 The references in this European Standard to EN ISO 3743 should be understood as EN ISO 3743-1 or EN ISO 3743-2 as well. The necessity to regulate the test conditions obviously leads to recommend test methods implemented in acoustically designed (enclosed) spaces, such as EN ISO 3741, EN ISO 3743, EN ISO 3745 and also EN ISO 9614 when implemented in an enclosed space.

The open spaces should be covered only in specific cases, e.g. when the size or the power of the unit under test cannot be managed by standard test rooms. Suitable test methods are EN ISO 3744 and EN ISO 9614.

NOTE

Intensity measurement methods are quite robust and are well suited for tests to be done in environments without or with a light acoustic treatment (the better the acoustic treatment, the easier the implementation). 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 15218:2013, Air conditioners and liquid chilling packages with evaporatively cooled condenser and with electrically driven compressors for space cooling - Terms, definitions, test conditions, test methods and requirements EN 810:1997, Dehumidifiers with electrically driven compressors — Rating tests, marking, operational requirements and technical data sheet EN 14511-1:2013, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling — Part 1: Terms, definitions and classification EN 14511-2:2013, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling — Part 2: Test conditions EN 14511-3:2013, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling — Part 3: Test methods EN 14511-4:2013, Air conditioners, liquid chilling packages and heat pumps with electrically driven compressors for space heating and cooling — Part 4: Operating requirements, marking and instructions EN ISO 3740, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources — Guidelines for the use of basic standards (ISO 3740) EN ISO 3741, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure — Precision methods for reverberation test rooms (ISO 3741) EN ISO 3743-1, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for small, movable sources in reverberant fields — Part 1: Comparison method for hard-walled test rooms (ISO 3743-1) EN ISO 3743-2, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Engineering methods for small, movable sources in reverberant fields — Part 2: Methods for special reverberation test rooms (ISO 3743-2) EN ISO 3744, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure — Engineering methods for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 3744) EN ISO 3747, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure — Engineering/survey methods for use in situ in a reverberant environment (ISO 3747) SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 7 EN ISO 9614-1, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity — Part 1: Measurement at discrete points (ISO 9614-1) EN ISO 9614-2, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity — Part 2: Measurement by scanning (ISO 9614-2) EN ISO 9614-3, Acoustics — Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity — Part 3: Precision method for measurement by scanning (ISO 9614-3) 3 Terms, definitions and symbols 3.1 General Terms, definitions and symbols of EN 14511:2013, EN 15218:2013 and EN 810:1997 apply. The terms, definitions and symbols of the acoustic standards referred in Clause 2 apply. The required value, sound power level, expressed in dB, is denoted by LW, defined by: ⋅=oWWLw10log10 (1) where W is the sound power and W0 is the reference sound power = 1 pW (10-12 W) 3.2 Symbols 3.2.1 Non ducted units The suffix "i" denotes the indoor side of units and "o" the outdoor ones. LWi : sound power level radiated by the indoor side. LWo : sound power level radiated by the outdoor side. 3.2.2 Ducted units For ducted unit, the attended value is the sound power level travelling into the duct. It is assessed from the sound power level radiated by the air outlet opening of the duct, corrected by the "duct end correction" factor E (vori 6.2.2). The suffix "d" denotes the "in duct" sound power level. LWd = sound power level travelling into the (discharge or suction) duct. For the case of a ducted indoor side of a split unit: LWdi = sound power level travelling into the (discharge or suction) duct of indoor unit. For the case of a ducted unit on the outdoor side: LWdo = sound power travelling into the (discharge or suction) duct of outdoor unit. The sound radiated by the casing does not require any specific suffix. Use the same symbols as in 3.2.1 to specify which unit is concerned, indoor or outdoor side. SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 8 3.3 Standard operating conditions The "standard operating conditions" shall be defined as the conditions for the operating points of the unit in accordance with the relevant parts of EN 14511 and EN 810. The definitions given in these European Standards also apply. 4 Measuring instruments The instruments used for measuring and evaluation shall comply with the requirements of the standards appropriate to the test method used, from acoustic and capacity points of view. To respect Class A measurements, the instruments necessary to control the working conditions shall fulfil the requirements of Table 1. Table 1 — Uncertainties of measurement for indicated values Measured quantity Unit Uncertainty of measurement Liquid

- temperature inlet/outlet °C ± 0,3 K
- volume flow m3/s ± 3 % Air
- dry bulb temperature °C ± 0,5 K
- wet bulb temperature °C ± 0,8 K
- static pressure difference Pa ± 8 Pa (∆p ≤ 100 Pa)
± 8 % (∆p > 100 Pa)
- volume flow m³/s ± 10 % Refrigerant
- pressure at compressor outlet kPa ± 3 %
- temperature °C ± 1 K Concentration
- heat transfer medium % ± 6 % Electrical quantities
- voltage V ± 1 % Rotation speed
min-1 ± 1 %

Wet bulb temperature measurement involves the generation of air flow around a wet thermometer which may generate unwanted noise in the sound power measurement. It is then recommended to preferably determine relative humidity or dew point instead. Suitable windshields are recommended to be fitted on microphones if they have to be affected by air velocity (above about 2 m/s) which may be produced by the appliance to be tested or by the laboratory facilities. Adjustment should be made to the measured sound pressure levels to compensate for any alteration in the sensitivity of shielded microphones. Above 10 m/s, windshields are usually not efficient enough and care shall SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 9 be taken to reduce the air velocity (by changing the location of microphones) or to change the type of windshields. It is recommended to fit the intensity probes with windshields if they have to be affected by air velocity because they are much more sensitive to that parameter. For instance, the maximum air velocity admitted by EN ISO 9614-1 is 2 m/s. 5 Operation of the unit NOTE The case of inverter devices is treated in Annex A. As a general rule, the sound power level is dependent on the operating conditions of the unit. Sound measurements shall be carried out at the standard operating rating conditions. The unit shall be installed and connected for the test as recommended by the manufacturer in its installation and operation manual according to EN 14511. The accessories provided by option (for example heating element) shall not be included in the test. Steady state conditions of operation of the appliance are considered obtained and maintained when all the measured quantities remain constant, with respect of the tolerances given in Table 2. The noise measurement shall be started no sooner than 30 min of operation under steady state conditions of the appliance. These steady state conditions shall be maintained during the sound pressure (or intensity) measurements that may require from 30 s (multichannel analyzer) to sometimes several hours (free fieldmethods). This requires the continuous recording of the meaningful data. The uncertainties of each measurement shall not exceed the values specified in Table 1. SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 10 Table 2 — Permissible deviations from set values Measured quantity Permissible deviation of the arithmetic mean values from set values Permissible deviations of individual measured values from set values Liquid

- inlet temperature ± 1 K ± 1,5 K
- ∆ T ± 1 K ± 1,5 K
- volume flow ± 5 % ± 10 % Air
-inlet temperature (dry bulb or wet bulb) ± 2 K a
± 3 K
- HR ± 10 % ± 15 %
- rpm of fan ± 3 % ± 6 % Airflow
- Static pressure difference
- ± 8 Pa for ∆P ≤ 100 Pa
± 10 % otherwise
- Airflow b
± 5 % ± 10 % Refrigerant
- Liquid temperature ± 3 K ± 5 K

- Saturated vapour/bubble point temperature ± 1,5 K ± 2,5 K Voltage ± 4 % ± 4 % a Care shall be taken with controlled outdoor fan speed units. Unless a specific procedure for fixing the frequency of the compressor’s side fan is specified in the manufacturer's manuals bundled with the unit, the test shall be performed at maximum fan speed obtained with the unit running within the standard rating temperature conditions plus tolerances b If the rating flow has been measured during a previous test, for instance, during a capacity measurement.

For units tested in enclosed space, care should be taken to the airflow of the unit (m³/h) which would preferably not exceed 60 times the volume of the room (m³). This upper limit indicates the microphones can be submitted to excessive air velocity. In addition, it is recommended to check the air speed through the microphone path(s) or at the different microphone positions to ensure negligible influence of air speed over the microphone(s). The humidity needs not to be controlled during the sound measurement. In the case of heat pumps with air as the heat transfer medium, the evaporator shall be free of ice during the measurement. However, sound measurements are sometimes not possible due to coil frosting and stationary time running requirement. SIST EN 12102:2014

EN 12102:2013 (E) 11 6 Installation 6.1 General points The unit should be installed and connected up for the test as recommended by the manufacturer in its installation and operation instruction manual. In case of split or ducted units, care shall be taken to ensure that transmission of structure-borne sound via ducts and piping systems is minimised. The test shall be performed with anti-vibratory pads if supplied by the manufacturer, otherwise make the unit level using small wooden wedges. 6.2 Ducted units 6.2.1 Installation For units which are to be connected with ducts, it is recommended to use straight ducts, without bend. The length of the ducts will depend on the dimensions of the unit, but should be as short as possible. If a bend cannot be avoided, only one soft bend without guide vanes is permissible in each duct.

The ducts shall not radiate noise capable of disturbing the measurements. In some cases (e.g. discharge or suction noise), the use of standard metal duct is sufficient to avoid a parasite radiation. However, in case of measurements of radiated noise of the casing for a ducted unit (e.g. in reverberation room), the radiation of duct should be as low as possible to avoid perturbation of the sound pressure under measurement. In that case, the ducts may be made of materials ensuring a good insulation against airborne transmission and having an acoustically reflecting outer layer.

It is permitted to change the shape of the duct, e.g. a rectangular outlet followed by a circular duct. In that case, the areas should be the same at ± 10 % and the change of shape should be as smooth as possible. This can be helpful because the circular ducts present a better sound insulation in the low frequency range than the rectangular ones.

Any soundproofing lining inside the ducts is prohibited. An external lining can be installed to limit the radiation. The best device is an additional uncoupled lagging. The shape of the duct should fit the shape of inlet/outlet of the unit, and only one duct is allowed by inlet/outlet. It is recommended to insert a weak connection between the duct and the unit.

As no in-duct measurement is allowed, the measurement shall be carried out at the duct opening (inlet/outlet sound level), which should be preferably mounted flush to the wall (or to the reflecting plane).

The final sound power level results shall be gi
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