Brazing - Qualification test of brazers and brazing operators (ISO 13585:2012)

This European Standard for the approval testing of brazers (as defined in 3.1) specifies basic requirements essential to the brazing process, test conditions, assessment and certificates. Because of the wide range of applications of brazing this standard does not specify detailed acceptance criteria as these are product-specific and have in each case to be agreed prior to the contract (see clause 4). It is anticipated that, where necessary, specific requirements for individual industries will be developed within this framework and detailed in the relevant application standard. The recommended format for the certificate of approval testing is given in annex A. With regard to the approval test, the brazer should be required to show adequate practical experience and knowledge of the brazing processes, materials and safety requirements for which he is to be approved to a written procedure. This standard applies to hand torch (flame) brazing and only to approval of brazers whose manipulative skills have a direct bearing on the outcome and effectiveness of the brazed joint. It does not apply to those who are not required to apply manipulative skill, since such approval is not normally necessary. If a special professional education and examination in the domestic field included brazing, this standard does not apply to a brazer while he is employed in that field. The certificate of approval testing is issued under the sole responsibility of the examiner or examining body.

Hartlöten - Prüfung von Hartlötern und Bedienern von Hartlöteinrichtungen (ISO 13585:2012)

Die Norm legt die grundlegenden Anforderungen für die Qualifikationsprüfung von Hartlötern und Bedienern
von Hartlöteinrichtungen fest, welche die Bedingungen für das Hartlöten, die Prüfung, die Untersuchung und
den Geltungsbereich der Prüfungsbescheinigung bestimmen.
Diese Norm gilt für das Handlöten, z. B. mit Handbrenner (Flamme), um die Handfertigkeit des Hartlöters
sowie das mechanisierte Hartlöten zu qualifizieren.

Brasage fort - Essais de qualification des braseurs et des opérateurs braseurs en brasage fort (ISO 13585:2012)

L'ISO 13585:2012 définit les exigences de base relatives aux essais de qualification des braseurs et des opérateurs braseurs en brasage fort, et indique les conditions applicables pour le brasage fort, les essais, les contrôles, les critères d'acceptation et le domaine de validité des certificats.
Des lignes directrices sur les exigences générales de qualité relatives au brasage fort sont données dans une annexe, à titre indicatif.

Trdo spajkanje - Certificiranje spajkalcev in upravljavcev (ISO 13585:2012)

Ta mednarodni standard določa osnovne zahteve za certificiranje spajkalcev in upravljavcev ter pogoje za spajkanje, preskušanje in preiskave ter prevzemna merila in razpon kvalifikacije za certifikate.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Mar-2010
Publication Date
17-Jul-2012
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
04-Jul-2012
Due Date
08-Sep-2012
Completion Date
18-Jul-2012

Relations

Effective Date
01-Sep-2012

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Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
01-september-2012
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13133:2001
Trdo spajkanje - Certificiranje spajkalcev in upravljavcev (ISO 13585:2012)
Brazing - Qualification test of brazers and brazing operators (ISO 13585:2012)
Hartlöten - Prüfung von Hartlötern und Bedienern von Hartlöteinrichtungen (ISO
13585:2012)

Brasage fort - Essais de qualification des braseurs et des opérateurs braseurs en

brasage fort (ISO 13585:2012)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 13585:2012
ICS:
03.100.30 Vodenje ljudi Management of human
resources
25.160.50 Trdo in mehko lotanje Brazing and soldering
SIST EN ISO 13585:2012 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 13585
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2012
ICS 25.160.01 Supersedes EN 13133:2000
English Version
Brazing - Qualification test of brazers and brazing operators
(ISO 13585:2012)

Brasage fort - Essais de qualification des braseurs et des Hartlöten - Prüfung von Hartlötern und Bedienern von

opérateurs braseurs en brasage fort (ISO 13585:2012) Hartlöteinrichtungen (ISO 13585:2012)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 May 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 13585:2012: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
EN ISO 13585:2012 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC ..............................................................................................4

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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
EN ISO 13585:2012 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 13585:2012) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 121 “Welding", the

secretariat of which is held by DIN, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 44 "Welding and allied

processes".

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by December 2012.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13133:2000.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
EN ISO 13585:2012 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the

New Approach Directive 97/23/EC, Pressure equipment.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has been

implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative clauses of

this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the

corresponding Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European standard and the Directive 97/23/EC

Clauses/Paragraphs of this Essential requirement of the Comments/Notes
European standard Directive 97/23/EEC
All normative clauses Annex I, 3.1.2 Permanent joining

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the products falling

within the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13585
First edition
2012-06-15
Brazing — Qualification test of brazers
and brazing operators
Brasage fort — Essais de qualification des braseurs et des opérateurs
braseurs en brasage fort
Reference number
ISO 13585:2012(E)
ISO 2012
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
ISO 13585:2012(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2012

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s

member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
ISO 13585:2012(E)
Contents  Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................................ v

1  Scope ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2  Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 1

3  Terms and definitions ......................................................................................................................................... 1

4  Symbols, definitions and reference numbers ............................................................................................. 3

4.1  General ................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2  Symbols ................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3  Reference numbers ............................................................................................................................................. 3

5  Essential variables and range of qualification ............................................................................................ 3

5.1  General ................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2  Brazing process ................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3  Product type ......................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4  Type of joint .......................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.5  Parent material group(s) .................................................................................................................................... 4

5.6  Filler metals and brazing filler application ................................................................................................... 5

5.7  Dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.8  Filler metal flow direction .................................................................................................................................. 6

5.9  Degree of mechanization ................................................................................................................................... 6

6  Examination and testing .................................................................................................................................... 7

6.1  Supervision ........................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2  Brazing conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 7

6.3  Test piece ............................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.4  Assessment of work pieces ............................................................................................................................. 7

6.5  Extent of testing ................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.6  Visual testing ........................................................................................................................................................ 7

6.7  Non-destructive testing ..................................................................................................................................... 8

6.8  Destructive testing .............................................................................................................................................. 8

6.9  Additional examination and testing................................................................................................................ 8

7  Acceptance requirements for test pieces ..................................................................................................... 8

8  Re-tests .................................................................................................................................................................. 8

9  Period of validity .................................................................................................................................................. 8

9.1  Initial qualification ............................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2  Prolongation ......................................................................................................................................................... 9

10  Certificate .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

11  Designation ........................................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (informative) Brazer qualification test certificate .................................................................................... 11

Annex B (informative) Brazer operator qualification test certificate ..................................................................12

Annex C (informative) Examples of test pieces........................................................................................................13

Annex D (informative) Quality requirements for brazing .......................................................................................15

Annex E (informative) Other non-essential variables .............................................................................................16

Bibliography .....................................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
ISO 13585:2012(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International

Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 13585 was prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee

CEN/TC 121, Welding, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 44, Welding and allied processes, in

accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

Requests for official interpretations of any aspect of this International Standard should be directed to the Secretariat

of ISO/TC 44 via your national standards body. A complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org.

iv © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
ISO 13585:2012(E)
Introduction

The purpose of this International Standard is to provide a general set of rules for qualification, independent of

product or application.
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13585:2012(E)
Brazing — Qualification test of brazers and brazing operators
1  Scope

This International Standard specifies basic requirements for the qualification testing of brazers and brazing

operators providing conditions for brazing, testing, examination, acceptance criteria and range of qualification

for certificates.
NOTE 1 Annex D gives guidelines on general quality requirements for brazing.
[2]

NOTE 2 This International Standard does not apply to brazing for aerospace applications covered by ISO 11745 .

2  Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.

ISO 857-2, Welding and allied processes — Vocabulary — Part 2: Soldering and brazing processes and

related terms
ISO 17672, Brazing — Filler metals
ISO 18279, Brazing — Imperfections in brazed joints
ISO/TR 25901, Welding and related processes — Vocabulary
EN 12797, Brazing — Destructive tests of brazed joints
EN 12799, Brazing — Non-destructive examination of brazed joints
EN 13134, Brazing — Procedure approval
3  Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 857-2, ISO/TR 25901 and the

following apply.
3.1
brazer
person who holds and manipulates the device for heating the brazing area by hand
3.2
brazing operator

person who prepares the joint and sets up brazing equipment and thereby has direct influence on the brazed

joint quality

NOTE Examples of brazing equipment are mechanized torch holders, furnaces, salt baths, and induction equipment.

3.3
brazing

joining process in which a molten filler material is used that has a liquidus temperature above 450 °C but lower

than the solidus temperature of the parent material(s)
NOTE Adapted from ISO 857-2:2005, 3.1.2.
© ISO 2012 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
ISO 13585:2012(E)
3.4
brazing procedure specification
BPS

document that has been qualified and provides the required variables of the brazing procedure to ensure

repeatability during production brazing
3.5
preliminary brazing procedure specification
pBPS

document containing the required variables of the brazing procedure which is not yet qualified

3.6
manufacturer

workshop or site (or both) which is (are) under the same technical and quality management

3.7
examiner
person appointed to verify compliance with the applicable standard
NOTE In certain cases, an external independent examiner can be required.
[ISO/TR 25901:2007, 2.119]
3.8
examining body
organization appointed to verify compliance with the applicable standard
NOTE In certain cases, an external independent examining body can be required.
[ISO/TR 25901:2007, 2.120]
3.9
filler metal
filler metals

added metal required for soldered or brazed joints, which can be in the form of wire, inserts, powder, pastes, etc.

NOTE Adapted from ISO 857-2:2005, 3.2.1.
3.10
flux

non-metallic material which, when molten, promotes wetting by removing existing oxide or other detrimental

films from the surfaces to be joined and prevents their re-formation during the joining operation

[ISO 857-2:2005, 3.2.2]
3.11
test piece
brazed assembly which is used for testing purposes
NOTE Adapted from ISO/TR 25901:2007, 2.373.
3.12
test specimen

part or portion cut from the test piece in order to perform a specified destructive test

[ISO/TR 25901:2007, 2.374]
2 © ISO 2012 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13585:2012
ISO 13585:2012(E)
4  Symbols, definitions and reference numbers
4.1  General

Where the full wording is not used, the symbols in 4.2 and reference numbers in 4.3 shall be used when

completing the qualification test certificate (see Annexes A and B).
4.2  Symbols
t material thickness of the work piece
L overlap length
D outside pipe diameter
4.3  Reference numbers
For applicable brazing process reference numbers, see 5.2.
5  Essential variables and range of qualification
5.1  General

The qualification of brazers and brazing operators is based on essential variables. For each essential variable,

a range of qualification is defined and brazing outside that range of qualificat
...

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