IEC TR 61000-4-40:2020 which is a Technical Report, deals with the assessment of electrical power quantities (RMS voltage, RMS current and active power). It explains and compares two digital algorithms suitable for power quantity measurements in fluctuating or non-periodic loads. The examples are from 50 Hz or 60 Hz power systems. This document does not attempt to cover all possible digital implementations of the algorithms used for power quantity assessment in fluctuating loads, for example in the context of the EMC assessment described in several IEC documents. Rather, it compares averaging with one of the filtering algorithms. This document aims to highlight some examples of applications that illustrate how the presented algorithms work. Further, guidance is given for quantifying the accuracy of each approach.

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IEC 61000-4-11:2020 is available as IEC 61000-4-11:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-4-11:2020 defines the immunity test methods and range of preferred test levels for electrical and electronic equipment connected to low-voltage power supply networks for voltage dips, short interruptions, and voltage variations. This document applies to electrical and electronic equipment having a rated input current not exceeding 16 A per phase, for connection to 50 Hz or 60 Hz AC networks. It does not apply to electrical and electronic equipment for connection to 400 Hz AC networks. Tests for these networks will be covered by future IEC documents. The object of this document is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations.
NOTE 1 Voltage fluctuation immunity tests are covered by IEC 61000-4-14. The test method documented in this document describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of equipment or a system against a defined phenomenon.
NOTE 2 As described in IEC Guide 107, this is a basic EMC publication for use by product committees of the IEC. As also stated in Guide 107, the IEC product committees are responsible for determining whether this immunity test standard should be applied or not, and, if applied, they are responsible for defining the appropriate test levels. Technical committee 77 and its sub-committees are prepared to co-operate with product committees in the evaluation of the value of particular immunity tests for their products. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2004 and Amendment 1:2017. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- rise time and fall time of transients are now defined terms in Clause 3;
- the origin of voltage dips and short interruptions is now stated in Clause 4.
Keywords: immunity test methods, low-voltage power supply networks
The contents of the corrigendum of May 2020 have been included in this copy.

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IEC TR 61000-1-8:2019, which is a technical report, provides information about the current conditions, and project future developments, of prevailing phase angles, predominantly for the 3rd and 5th harmonic currents, on public supply networks. This objective is accomplished by monitoring a number of networks, and efforts to forecast the effects of changes in technologies. This document presents information to guide the discussion about the effectiveness of potential mitigation techniques and the generalisation of effects of the prevailing angle positions of selected current harmonics. This document mainly deals with the phase angles of the 3rd and 5th harmonic currents, but also contains information about other harmonics.
Keywords: 3rd and 5th harmonic currents, phase angles

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IEC 61000-3-2:2018 is also available as IEC 61000-3-2:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-3-2:2018 deals with the limitation of harmonic currents injected into the public supply system. It specifies limits of harmonic components of the input current which can be produced by equipment tested under specified conditions. It is applicable to electrical and electronic equipment having a rated input current up to and including 16 A per phase, and intended to be connected to public low‑voltage distribution systems. Arc welding equipment which is not professional equipment, with a rated input current up to and including 16 A per phase, is included in this document. Arc welding equipment intended for professional use, as specified in IEC 60974-1, is excluded from this document and can be subject to installation restrictions as indicated in IEC 61000-3-12. The tests according to this document are type tests. For systems with nominal voltages less than but not equal to 220 V (line-to-neutral), the limits have not yet been considered.
This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2014. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) an update of the emission limits for lighting equipment with a rated power ≤ 25 W to take into account new types of lighting equipment;
b) the addition of a threshold of 5 W under which no emission limits apply to all lighting equipment;
c) the modification of the requirements applying to the dimmers when operating non‑incandescent lamps;
d) the addition of test conditions for digital load side transmission control devices;
e) the removal of the use of reference lamps and reference ballasts for the tests of lighting equipment;
f) the simplification and clarification of the terminology used for lighting equipment;
g) the classification of professional luminaires for stage lighting and studios under Class A;
h) a clarification about the classification of emergency lighting equipment;
i) a clarification for lighting equipment including one control module with an active input power ≤ 2 W;
j) an update of the test conditions for television receivers;
k) an update of the test conditions for induction hobs, taking also into account the other types of cooking appliances;
l) for consistency with IEC 61000-3-12, a change of the scope of IEC 61000-3-2 from equipment with an input current ≤ 16 A to equipment with a rated input current ≤ 16 A.
Keywords: harmonic currents

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This amendment 1 is valid for the following parts of the IEC 60317: Part 2 (1990), Part 3 (1990), Part 4 (1990), Part 10 (1972), Part 12 (1990), Part 14 (1990), Part 15 (1990), Part 16 (1990), Part 17 (1990), Part 18 (1990), Part 19 (1990), Part 20 (1990), Part 21 (1990), Part 22 (1990), Part 23 (1990), Part 24 (1990), Part 26 (1990), Part 28 (1990), Part 29 (1990), Part 30 (1990), Part 35 (1992), Part 36 (1992), Part 37 (1992) and Part 38 (1992).

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    5 pages
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IEC 61000-3-11:2017 is also available as IEC 61000-3-11:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-3-11:2017 is concerned with the emission of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker produced by equipment and impressed on the public low-voltage supply system. It specifies the limits of voltage changes produced by equipment tested under specified conditions.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) addition of a new Annex A which explains the limitations and effectiveness of IEC 61000‑3-11 regarding the connection of multiple items of similar equipment at the same location in the supply network.

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    38 pages
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IEC TR 61000-1-7:2016(E) provides definitions of various electrical power quantities and the relationship between them under non-sinusoidal conditions, in order to give clear information on both components in the power factor:
- the fundamental power factor, which is due to the phase difference between the voltage and current at the fundamental frequency, and
- the non-fundamental power factor, which is related to the distortion of the voltage and/or current. This Technical Report is applicable only to single-phase systems.

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IEC 61000-4-16:2015 is available as IEC 61000-4-16:2015 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-4-16:2015 relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment to conducted, common mode disturbances in the range d.c. to 150 kHz. The object of this standard is to establish a common and reproducible basis for testing electrical and electronic equipment with the application of common mode disturbances to power supply, control, signal and communication ports. It has the status of a basic EMC publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1998, Amendment 1:2001 and Amendment 2:2009. This edition constitutes a technical revision.

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    53 pages
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IEC TR 61000-4-38:2015(E) defines a test protocol for flicker test systems designed to perform compliance tests in accordance with IEC 61000-3-3 and IEC 61000-3-11. It is intended to provide test system manufacturers and testing laboratories with systematic methods to determine if the flicker test system meets the IEC design specifications for a wide range of voltage fluctuations and fluctuation frequencies, as specified in IEC 61000-4-15:2010, Table 5, that have been observed in product testing. It has the status of a basic EMC publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107.

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IEC 61000-4-30:2015 is available as IEC 61000-4-30:2015 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-4-30:201 5 defines the methods for measurement and interpretation of results for power quality parameters in a.c. power supply systems with a declared fundamental frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz. Measurement methods are described for each relevant parameter in terms that give reliable and repeatable results, regardless of the method's implementation. This standard addresses measurement methods for in-situ measurements. Measurement of parameters covered by this standard is limited to conducted phenomena in power systems. The power quality parameters considered in this standard are power frequency, magnitude of the supply voltage, flicker, supply voltage dips and swells, voltage interruptions, transient voltages, supply voltage unbalance, voltage harmonics and interharmonics, mains signalling on the supply voltage, rapid voltage changes, and current measurements. Emissions in the 2 kHz to 150 kHz range are considered in Annex C (informative), and over- and underdeviations are considered in Annex D (informative). Depending on the purpose of the measurement, all or a subset of the phenomena on this list may be measured. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2008. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- the measurement method for current, previously informative, is now normative with some changes;
- the measurement method for RVC (rapid voltage change) has been added;
- the measurement method for conducted emissions in the 2 kHz to 150 kHz range has been added in informative Annex C;
- underdeviation and overdeviation parameters are moved to informative Annex D;
- Class A and Class S measurement methods are defined and clarified, while Class B is moved to informative Annex E and considered for future removal;
- measurement methods continue in this standard, but responsibility for influence quantities, performance, and test procedures are transferred to IEC 62586-2.
The contents of the corrigendum of December 2016 have been included in this copy.

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IEC 61000-4-19:2014 relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment to conducted, differential mode disturbances and signalling in the range 2 kHz up to 150 kHz at a.c. power ports. The object of this standard is to establish a common and reproducible basis for testing electrical and electronic equipment with the application of differential mode disturbances and signalling to a.c. power ports. This standard defines:
- test waveforms;
- range of test levels;
- test equipment;
- test setup;
- test procedures;
- and verification procedures. These tests are intended to demonstrate the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment operating at a mains supply voltage up to 280 V (from phase to neutral or phase to earth, if no neutral is used) and a frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz when subjected to conducted, differential mode disturbances such as those originating from power electronics and power line communication systems. The immunity to harmonics and interharmonics, including mains signalling, on a.c. power ports up to 2 kHz in differential mode is covered by IEC 61000-4-13. Emissions in the frequency range 2 kHz to 150 kHz often have both differential mode and common mode components. This standard provides immunity tests only for differential mode disturbances and signalling. It is recommended to perform common mode tests as well, which are covered by IEC 61000-4-16. Key words: electromagnetic compatibility, EMC

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    68 pages
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IEC 61000-3-3:2013 is available as IEC 61000-3-3:2013 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-3-3:2013 is concerned with the limitation of voltage fluctuations and flicker impressed on the public low-voltage system. It specifies limits of voltage changes which may be produced by an equipment tested under specified conditions and gives guidance on methods of assessment. It is applicable to electrical and electronic equipment having an input current equal to or less than 16 A per phase, intended to be connected to public low-voltage distribution systems of between 220 V and 250 V line to neutral at 50 Hz, and not subject to conditional connection. IEC 61000-3-3 has the status of a product family standard within the IEC 61000 series. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2008. This edition constitutes a technical revision which takes account of the changes made in IEC 61000-4-15:2010.

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IEC/TR 60725:2012, which is a technical report, records the information that was available and the factors that were taken into account in arriving at the reference impedances that were incorporated in IEC 60555 and which are now incorporated in some parts of IEC 61000-3. In addition, information is given on the impedances of public supply networks associated with service current capacities ≤100 A per phase. The third edition includes brings two mainly significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- a new survey and other data from countries with public supply networks operating at 60 Hz have been included; and
- recommendations that were applicable to 50 Hz systems are now mirrored by new recommendations that are relevant to 60 Hz systems.

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    58 pages
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IEC/TR 61000-3-14:2011(E) is a Technical Report which provides guidance on principles that can be used as the basis for determining the requirements for the connection of disturbing installations to low voltage (LV) public power systems. For the purposes of this part of IEC 61000, a disturbing installation means an installation (which may be a load or a generator) that produces disturbances: harmonics and/or interharmonics, voltage flicker and/or rapid voltage changes, and/or voltage unbalance. The primary objective is to provide guidance to system operators or owners for engineering practices, which will facilitate the provision of adequate service quality for all connected customer installations. In addressing installations, this report is not intended to replace equipment standards for emission limits. This report addresses the allocation of the capacity of the system to absorb disturbances. It does not address how to mitigate disturbances, nor does it address how the capacity of the system can be increased.

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IEC/TR 61000-3-15:2011(E) is concerned with the critical assessment of existing and emerging national and international standards for single and multi-phase dispersed generation systems up to 75 A per phase, particularly converters connected to the public supply low voltage network. This Technical Report intends to serve as a starting point and to ultimately pave the way for the definition of appropriate EMC requirements and test conditions. This Technical Report is limited to EMC issues (immunity and emission) up to 9 kHz and does not include other aspects of connection of generators to the grid. This Technical Report focuses on emission caused by distributed generation (mainly harmonics and inter-harmonics, DC emissions flicker, rapid voltage changes and fluctuations), as well as immunity aspects to normally occurring events in the public supply network (voltage dips and short interruptions, frequency variations, harmonics and interharmonics). Every effort has been made to utilize already existing emission and immunity standards, including the test set-up and existing test equipment in use.

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IEC 61000-3-12:2011 deals with the limitation of harmonic currents injected into the public supply system. The limits given in this International Standard are applicable to electrical and electronic equipment with a rated input current exceeding 16 A and up to and including 75 A per phase, intended to be connected to public low-voltage a.c. distribution systems of the following types:
- nominal voltage up to 240 V, single-phase, two or three wires;
- nominal voltage up to 690 V, three-phase, three or four wires;
- nominal frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz. Other distribution systems are excluded. The limits given in this edition apply to equipment when connected to 230/400 V, 50 Hz systems. This standard applies to equipment intended to be connected to low-voltage systems interfacing with the public supply at the low-voltage level. It does not apply to equipment intended to be connected only to private low-voltage systems interfacing with the public supply only at the medium- or high-voltage level. This standard defines:
a) requirements and emission limits for equipment;
b) methods for type tests and simulations. Tests according to this International Standard are type tests of complete pieces of equipment. Conformity with this standard can also be determined by validated simulations. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2004 and constitutes a technical revision. The significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition are:
- the replacement of the reference fundamental current I1 by the reference current Iref for the calculation of emission limits;
- a new added table of current emission limits (Table 5);
- a new added annex (Annex A) to define test conditions for some types of equipment;
- Deletion of the former Annexes B (Approximate interpolation formulas) and D (Information on the PWHD factor).

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IEC 61000-4-15:2010 is available as IEC 61000-4-15:2010 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-4-15:2010 gives a functional and design specification for flicker measuring apparatus intended to indicate the correct flicker perception level for all practical voltage fluctuation waveforms. Information is presented to enable such an instrument to be constructed. A method is given for the evaluation of flicker severity on the basis of the output of flickermeters complying with this standard. The flickermeter specifications in this part of IEC 61000 relate only to measurements of 120 V and 230 V, 50 Hz and 60 Hz inputs. Characteristics of some incandescent lamps for other voltages are sufficiently similar to the values in Table 1 and Table 2, that the use of a correction factor can be applied for those other voltages. Some of these correction factors are provided in the Annex B. Detailed specifications for voltages and frequencies other than those given above, remain under consideration. The object of this part of IEC 61000 is to provide basic information for the design and the instrumentation of an analogue or digital flicker measuring apparatus. It does not give tolerance limit values of flicker severity. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1997 and its Amendment 1 (2003) and constitutes a technical revision. This new edition, in particular, adds or clarifies the definition of several directly measured parameters, so that diverging interpretations are avoided. It has the status of a basic EMC publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107.
  The contents of the corrigendum of March 2012 have been included in this copy.

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    83 pages
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IEC 61000-4-34:2005+A1:2009 defines the immunity test methods and range of preferred test levels for electrical and electronic equipment connected to low-voltage power supply networks for voltage dips, short interruptions, and voltage variations. This standard applies to electrical and electronic equipment having a rated input current exceeding 16 A per phase. It covers equipment installed in residential areas as well as industrial machinery, specifically voltage dips and short interruptions for equipment connected to either 50 Hz or 60 Hz a.c. networks, including 1-phase and 3-phase mains. The object of this standard is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations. The test method documented in this part of IEC 61000 describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of equipment or a system against a defined phenomenon. It has the status of a Basic EMC Publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (2005) and its amendment 1 (2009). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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    66 pages
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IEC 61000-4-7:2002+A1:2008 applies to instrumentation intended for measuring spectral components in the frequency range up to 9 kHz which are superimposed on the fundamental of the power supply systems at 50 Hz and 60 Hz. For practical considerations, this standard distinguishes between harmonics, interharmonics and other components above the harmonic frequency range, up to 9 kHz. Defines the measurement instrumentation intended for testing individual items of equipment in accordance with emission limits given in certain standards (for example, harmonic current limits as given in IEC 61000-3-2) as well as for the measurement of harmonic currents and voltages in actual supply systems. The contents of the corrigendum of July 2004 have been included in this copy. This consolidated version consists of the second edition (2002) and its amendment 1 (2008). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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    82 pages
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IEC 61000-4-8:2009 is available as IEC 61000-4-8:2009 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 61000-4-8:2009 relates to the immunity requirements of equipment, only under operational conditions, to magnetic disturbances at power frequencies 50 Hz and 60 Hz related to:
- residential and commercial locations;
- industrial installations and power plants;
- medium voltage and high voltage sub-stations. The applicability of IEC 61000-4-8:2009 to equipment installed in different locations is determined by the presence of the phenomenon, as specified in Clause 4. This standard does not consider disturbances due to capacitive or inductive coupling in cables or other parts of the field installation. Other IEC standards dealing with conducted disturbances cover these aspects. The object of IEC 61000-4-8:2009 is to establish a common and reproducible basis for evaluating the performance of electrical and electronic equipment for household, commercial and industrial applications when subjected to magnetic fields at power frequency (continuous and short duration field). IEC 61000-4-8:2009 defines:
- recommended test levels;
- test equipment;
- test set-up;
- test procedure.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1993 and its Amendment 1 (2000). It forms a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: the scope is extended in order to cover 60 Hz. Characteristics, performance and verification of the test generator and related inductive coils are revised. Modifications are also introduced in the test set-up (GRP) and test procedure. IEC 61000-4-8:2009 has the status of a basic EMC publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107.

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IEC 61000-4-14:1999+A1:2001+A2:2009 applies to electrical and/or electronic equipment that have a rated input current up to 16 A per phase. Aims to establish a reference for evaluating the immunity of electric and/or electronic equipment when subjected to positive and negative low amplitude voltage fluctuations. Only conducted phenomena are considered, including immunity tests for equipment connected to public and industrial power supply networks. Has the status of a Basic EMC publication. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (1999), its amendment 1 (2001) and its amendment 2 (2009). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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    33 pages
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IEC 61000-4-13:2002+A1:2009 defines the immunity test methods and range of recommended basic test levels for electrical and electronic equipment with rated current up to 16 A per phase at disturbance frequencies up to and including 2 kHz (for 50 Hz mains) and 2,4 kHz (for 60 Hz mains) for harmonics and interharmonics on low voltage power networks. It establishes a common reference for evaluating the functional immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to harmonics and inter-harmonics and mains signalling frequencies. The test method documented in this part of IEC 61000 describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of an equipment or system against a defined phenomenon.
This consolidated version consists of the first edition (2002) and its amendment 1 (2009). Therefore, no need to order amendments in addition to this publication.

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    60 pages
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IEC/TS 61000-3-5:2009 deals with emission of disturbances due to voltage fluctuations and flicker. The recommendations in this Technical Specification are applicable to electrical and electronic equipment that has a rated input current exceeding 75 A per phase and is intended to be connected to a public low-voltage a.c. distribution system. Recommendations that specify information enabling a supply authority, manufacturer, or consumer to assess equipment are given in Annex A. This second edition cancels and replaces IEC 61000-3-5, published as Technical Report type 2 in 1994 and constitutes a technical revision. It includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: the whole document and the title have been modified to eliminate any conflict with the published IEC 61000-3-11. The contents of the corrigenda of September 2009 and May 2010 have been included in this copy.

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IEC 61000-4-28:1999+A1:2001+A2:2009 establishes a reference for evaluating the immunity of electric and electronic equipment when subjected to variations of the power frequency. Only conducted phenomena are considered, including immunity tests for equipment connected to public and industrial networks. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (1999), its amendment 1 (2001) and its amendment 2 (2009). Therefore, no need to order amendments in addition to this publication.

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    29 pages
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IEC 61000-4-27:2000+A1:2009 considers immunity tests for electric and/or electronic equipment (apparatus and system) in its electromagnetic environment. Only conducted phenomena are considered, including immunity tests for equipment connected to public and industrial networks. Establishes a reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to unbalanced power supply voltage. Applies to 50 Hz/60 Hz three-phase powered electrical and/or electronic equipment with rated line current up to 16 A per phase. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (2000) and its amendment 1 (2009). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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    41 pages
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Defines test methods for immunity to ripple at the d.c. input power port of electrical or electronic equipment. Applies to low-voltage d.c. power ports of equipment supplied by external rectifier systems, or batteries which are being charged. This standard defines
- test voltage waveform;
- range of test levels;
- test generator;
- test set-up;
- test procedure.
This consolidated version consists of the first edition (1999), its amendment 1 (2001) and its amendment 2 (2008). Therefore, no need to order amendments in addition to this publication.

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This part of IEC 61000 provides guidance on principles which can be used as the basis for determining the requirements for the connection of unbalanced installations (i.e. three-phase installations causing voltage unbalance) to MV, HV and EHV public power systems (LV installations are covered in other IEC documents). For the purposes of this report, an unbalanced installation means a three-phase installation (which may be a load or a generator) that produces voltage unbalance on the system. The connection of single-phase installations is not specifically addressed, as the connection of such installations is under the control of the system operator or owner. The general principles however may be adapted when considering the connection of single-phase installations. The primary objective is to provide guidance to system operators or owners on engineering practices, which will facilitate the provision of adequate service quality for all connected customers. In addressing installations, this document is not intended to replace equipment standards for emission limits. The report addresses the allocation of the capacity of the system to absorb disturbances. It does not address how to mitigate disturbances, nor does it address how the capacity of the system can be increased. Since the guidelines outlined in this report are necessarily based on certain simplifying assumptions, there is no guarantee that this approach will always provide the optimum solution for all unbalanced load situations. The recommended approach should be used with flexibility and judgment as far as engineering is concerned, when applying the given assessment procedures in full or in part. The system operator or owner is responsible for specifying requirements for the connection of installations which may cause unbalance on the system. The disturbing installation is to be understood as the complete customer's installation (i.e. including balanced and unbalanced parts). Problems related to unbalance fall into two basic categories.
- Unbalanced installations that draw negative-sequence currents which produce negative-sequence voltages on the supply system. Examples of such installations include arc furnaces and traction loads (typically connected to the public network at HV), and three phase installations where the individual loads are not balanced (typically connected at MV and LV). Negative-sequence voltage superimposed onto the terminal voltage of rotating machines can produce additional heat losses. Negative-sequence voltage can also cause non-characteristic harmonics (typically positive-sequence 3rd harmonic) to be produced by power converters.
- Unbalanced installations connected line-to-neutral can also draw zero-sequence currents which can be transferred or not into the supply system depending on the type of connection of the coupling transformer. The flow of zero-sequence currents in a grounded neutral system causes zero-sequence unbalance affecting line-to-neutral voltages. This is not normally controlled by setting emission limits, but rather by system design and maintenance. Ungrounded-neutral systems and phase-to-phase connected installations are not, however, affected by this kind of voltage unbalance. This report gives guidance only for the coordination of the negative-sequence type of voltage unbalance between different voltage levels in order to meet the compatibility levels at the point of utilisation. No compatibility levels are defined for zero-sequence type of voltage unbalance as this is often considered as being less relevant to the coordination of unbalance levels compared to the first type of voltage unbalance. However, for situations where a non-zero impedance exists between neutral and earth with the system still being effectively grounded (i.e., where the ratio between zero-sequence, X0 and positive sequence reactance X1 is 0 < X0/X1 = 3), this type of voltage unbalance can be of concern especially when the type of connection of the co

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This part of IEC 61000 provides guidance on principles which can be used as the basis for determining the requirements for the connection of fluctuating installations to MV, HV and EHV public power systems (LV installations are covered in other IEC documents). For the purposes of this report, a fluctuating installation means an installation (which may be a load or a generator) that produces voltage flicker and / or rapid voltage changes. The primary objective is to provide guidance to system operators or owners on engineering practices which will facilitate the provision of adequate service quality for all connected customers. In addressing installations, this document is not intended to replace equipment standards for emission limits. This report addresses the allocation of the capacity of the system to absorb disturbances. It does not address how to mitigate disturbances, nor does it address how the capacity of the system can be increased. Since the guidelines outlined in this report are necessarily based on certain simplifying assumptions, there is no guarantee that this approach will always provide the optimum solution for all flicker situations. The recommended approach should be used with flexibility and engineering judgment as far as engineering is concerned, when applying the given assessment procedures in full or in part. The system operator or owner is responsible for specifying requirements for the connection of fluctuating installations to the system. The fluctuating installation is to be understood as the customer's complete installation (i.e. including fluctuating and non fluctuating parts). Problems related to voltage fluctuations fall into two basic categories:
- Flicker effect from light sources as a result of voltage fluctuations;
- Rapid voltage changes even within the normal operational voltage tolerances are considered as a disturbing phenomenon.
The report gives guidance for the coordination of the flicker emissions between different voltage levels in order to meet the compatibility levels at the point of utilisation. This report primarily focuses on controlling or limiting flicker, but a clause is included to address the limitation of rapid voltage changes. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1996 and constitutes a technical revision. This new edition is significantly more streamlined than the original technical report (Edition 1), and reflects the experiences gained in the application of the first edition. This technical report has also been harmonised with IEC/TR 61000-3-6 and IEC/TR 61000-3-13. This Technical Report has the status of a basic EMC publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107.

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    65 pages
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IEC TR 61000-2-14:2006 Describes the electromagnetic environment with respect to the voltages in excess of normal that are found on electricity supply networks operating at low and medium nominal voltages and that can be impressed on equipment connected to those networks, without considering further effects (e.g. amplification or attenuation) within an installation. Since these overvoltages have the potential to hinder the functioning of electrical and electronic equipment, they fall within the definition of electromagnetic disturbance in the field of EMC. Various categories of overvoltage are described, based on relative magnitude, duration and energy content. This Technical Report describes the phenomena of overvoltages, it does not specify compatibility levels and does not directly specify emission and immunity levels. The report describes the various phenomena and processes that cause overvoltages, including the transfer into the networks concerned of overvoltages that originate in or traverse other networks and installations, including higher voltage networks and the installations of electricity users. The effects of overvoltages on equipment are outlined. Some case studies of overvoltage events are presented. Recommendations are made regarding the general technical approach to mitigating the risk of equipment being hindered from operating as intended by the effects of overvoltages. (It is not the function of IEC publications to assign responsibility for mitigating measures to any of the parties involved.) The purpose of this report is to ensure that this important category of electromagnetic disturbance is included in the description of the environment in Part 2 of IEC 61000. For that purpose, only a brief description is provided of the various overvoltages and their causes and effects. A much more detailed treatment can be found in IEC 62066. A UIE publication - Guide to quality of electrical supply for industrial installations, Part VI: Transient and temporary overvoltages and currents - has a similar content. Measurement methods are specified in IEC 61000-4-30.

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    88 pages
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This part of IEC 61000 defines the immunity test methods and range of preferred test levels for electrical and electronic equipment connected to low-voltage power supply networks for voltage dips, short interruptions, and voltage variations. This standard applies to electrical and electronic equipment having a rated input current exceeding 16 A per phase. It covers equipment installed in residential areas as well as industrial machinery, specifically voltage dips and short interruptions for equipment connected to either 50 Hz or 60 Hz a.c. networks, including 1-phase and 3-phase mains. The object of this standard is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations. The test method documented in this part of IEC 61000 describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of equipment or a system against a defined phenomenon. It has the status of a Basic EMC Publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107.

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    63 pages
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This part of IEC 61000, which is an IEC technical report, reviews the sources and effects of power frequency conducted harmonic current emissions in the frequency range up to 2 kHz on the public electricity supply, and gives an account of the reasoning and calculations leading to the existing emission limits for equipment in the editions of IEC 61000-3-2, up to and including the second edition (2000) and its first amendment (2001), and in the first edition of IEC 61000-3-12 (2004). The concepts in this technical report apply to all low voltage AC systems, but the numerical values apply specifically to the European 230 V/400 V 50 Hz system.

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    41 pages
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This part of IEC 61000 is concerned with conducted disturbances in the frequency range from 0 kHz to 9 kHz, with an extension up to 148,5 kHz specifically for mains signalling systems. Compatibility levels are specified for electromagnetic disturbances of the types which can be expected in public medium voltage power supply systems, for guidance in: a) the limits to be set for disturbance emission into public power supply systems (including the planning levels defined in 3.1.5); b) the immunity limits to be set by product committees and others for the equipment exposed to the conducted disturbances present in public power supply systems. The disturbance phenomena considered are: voltage fluctuations and flicker, harmonics up to and including order 50, inter-harmonics up to the 50th harmonic, voltage distortions at higher frequencies (above 50th harmonic), voltage dips and short supply interruptions, voltage unbalance, transient overvoltages, power frequency variation, d.c. components, mains signalling. The medium-voltage systems covered by this standard are public distribution systems supplying either: a) private installations in which equipment is connected directly or through transformers, or b) substations feeding public low-voltage distribution systems.

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    55 pages
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This technical report describes the electromagnetic disturbance phenomena of voltage dips and short interruptions in terms of their sources, effects, remedial measures, methods of measurement, and measurement results (in so far as these are available). They are discussed primarily as phenomena observed on the networks of public electricity supply systems and having an effect on electrical equipment receiving its energy supply from those systems.

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    89 pages
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Applies to instrumentation intended for measuring spectral components in the frequency range up to 9 kHz which are superimposed on the fundamental of the power supply systems at 50 Hz and 60 Hz. For practical considerations, this standard distinguishes between harmonics, interharmonics and other components above the harmonic frequency range, up to 9 kHz. Defines the measurement instrumentation intended for testing individual items of equipment in accordance with emission limits given in certain standards (for example, harmonic current limits as given in IEC 61000-3-2) as well as for the measurement of harmonic currents and voltages in actual supply systems. The contents of the corrigendum of July 2004 have been included in this copy.

  • Standard
    71 pages
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Applies to electrical and/or electronic equipment that have a rated input current up to 16 A per phase. Aims to establish a reference for evaluating the immunity of electric and/or electronic equipment when subjected to positive and negative low amplitude voltage fluctuations. Only conducted phenomena are considered, including immunity tests for equipment connected to public and industrial power supply networks. Has the status of a Basic EMC publication. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (1999) and its amendment 1 (2001). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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    29 pages
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Establishes a reference for evaluating the immunity of electric and electronic equipment when subjected to variations of the power frequency. Only conducted phenomena are considered, including immunity tests for equipment connected to public and industrial networks. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (1999) and its amendment 1 (2001). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

  • Standard
    25 pages
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Defines test methods for immunity to ripple at the d.c. input power port of electrical or electronic equipment. Applies to low-voltage d.c. power ports of equipment supplied by external rectifier systems, or batteries which are being charged. This standard defines - test voltage waveform; - range of test levels; - test generator; - test set-up; - test procedure. This consolidated version consists of the first edition (1999) and its amendment 1 (2001). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

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    27 pages
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