Railway applications - Communication, signalling and processing systems - European Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-Machine Interface - Part 1: General principles for the presentation of ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R information

This Technical Specification describes from an ergonomic point of view how ERTMS and non-ERTMS information shall be arranged and displayed. More specifically, it covers information that is out of the scope of ERA ERTMS 015560:2015. This Technical Specification describes more ergonomic details than currently provided by the ERTMS/GSM-R specifications.
This Technical Specification defines the ergonomics for the Driver-Machine Interface (DMI) for the following applications:
-   stand-alone ERTMS/GSM-R Train Radio Systems;
-   non-ERTMS/ETCS Train Control Systems;
-   other technical systems currently provided on the rolling stock.
The ergonomics covers
-   the general arrangements (dialogue structure, sequences, layout philosophy, colour philosophy),
-   the symbols,
-   the audible information,
-   the data entry arrangements.
This Technical Specification is limited to ergonomic considerations and does not define the technology to be used for the implementation but it does give guidelines about how to implement the requirements using different technology types (soft keys, touch screen device, LCD, electromechanical instruments, indicator lamps, etc.).
This Technical Specification is applicable to all trains fitted with the ERTMS/ETCS and also to trains fitted with train radio (GSM-R) DMI.
The scope of Part 1 of CLC/TS 50459 is to define ergonomic principles for the interface between the driver and the above listed applications.
TDD is out of scope of CLC/TS 50459 series.
For Human Factor items, such as display of information, display location, viewing angles and organization of the screens, see prEN 16186 series.

Bahnanwendungen - Telekommunikationstechnik, Signaltechnik und Datenverarbeitungssysteme - Europäisches Leitsystem für den Schienenverkehr - Mensch-Maschine Schnittstelle - Teil 1: Ergonomische Grundsätze für die Darstellung von ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R Informationen

Applications ferroviaires - Systèmes de signalisation, de télécommunications et de traitement - Système européen de gestion du trafic ferroviaire - Interface de conduite - Partie 1: Principes généraux pour la présentation des informations ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R

Železniške naprave - Komunikacijski, signalni in procesni sistemi - Evropski sistem za vodenje železniškega prometa - Vmesnik človek-stroj - 1. del: Splošna načela za prikaz informacij ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R

Ta tehnična specifikacija opisuje način razporeditve in prikaza informacij sistema ERMTS in drugih informacij z ergonomskega vidika. Podrobneje opisuje informacije, ki ne spadajo na področje uporabe tega standarda ERA ERTMS 015560:2015. Ta tehnična specifikacija navaja več ergonomskih podrobnosti kot trenutne specifikacije ERTMS/GSM-R.
Ta tehnična specifikacija določa ergonomijo za vmesnik človek-stroj (DMI) za naslednje načine uporabe:
– samostojni vlakovni radijski sistemi ERTMS/GSM-R;
– vlakovni nadzorni sistemi, ki niso ERTMS/ETCS;
– drugi tehnični sistemi, ki so trenutno na voljo v tirnih vozilih.
Ergonomija vključuje:
– splošne ureditve (struktura dialoga, zaporedja, filozofija postavitve, filozofija barv);
– simboli;
– zvočne informacije;
– ureditve podatkovnih vnosov.
Ta tehnična specifikacija je omejena na ergonomske vidike in ne določa tehnologije, ki se uporablja za izvajanje, vendar podaja smernice za izvajanje zahtev na podlagi različnih vrst tehnologije (zaslonske tipke, naprave z zaslonom na dotik, LCD, elektromehanski instrumenti, indikatorske lučke itd.).
Ta tehnična specifikacija se uporablja za vse vlake, opremljene s sistemom ERTMS/ETCS, in vlake, opremljene z radijskim vmesnikom človek-stroj (GSM-R).
Področje uporabe 1. dela standarda CLC/TS 50459 je določitev ergonomskih načel za vmesnik med voznikom in zgoraj navedenimi aplikacijami.
TDD je zunaj področja uporabe skupine standardov CLC/TS 50459.
Za elemente človeških dejavnikov (npr. prikaz informacij, mesto prikaza, zorni koti in ureditev zaslonov) glej skupino prEN 16186.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
18-Oct-2015
Withdrawal Date
15-Jul-2021
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Apr-2021
Due Date
30-Apr-2021
Completion Date
16-Jul-2021

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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
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Railway applications - Communication, signalling and processing systems - European

Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-Machine Interface - Part 1: General principles

for the presentation of ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R information
Bahnanwendungen - Telekommunikationstechnik, Signaltechnik und
Datenverarbeitungssysteme - Europäisches Leitsystem für den Schienenverkehr -

Mensch-Maschine Schnittstelle - Teil 1: Ergonomische Grundsätze für die Darstellung

von ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R Informationen

Applications ferroviaires - Systèmes de signalisation, de télécommunications et de

traitement - Système européen de gestion du trafic ferroviaire - Interface de conduite -

Partie 1: Principes généraux pour la présentation des informations ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
ICS:
03.220.30 Železniški transport Transport by rail
13.180 Ergonomija Ergonomics
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
transportu in trgovini and trade
SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION CLC/TS 50459-1
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
August 2015
ICS 03.220.30; 13.180; 35.240.60 Supersedes CLC/TS 50459-1:2005
English Version
Railway applications - Communication, signalling and processing
systems - European Rail Traffic Management System - Driver-
Machine Interface - Part 1: General principles for the
presentation of ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R information

Applications ferroviaires - Systèmes de signalisation, de Bahnanwendungen - Telekommunikationstechnik,

télécommunications et de traitement - Système européen Signaltechnik und Datenverarbeitungssysteme -

de gestion du trafic ferroviaire - Interface de conduite - Europäisches Leitsystem für den Schienenverkehr -

Partie 1: Principes généraux pour la présentation des Mensch-Maschine Schnittstelle - Teil 1: Ergonomische

informations ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R Grundsätze für die Darstellung von ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R

Informationen
This Technical Specification was approved by CENELEC on 2015-07-20.

CENELEC members are required to announce the existence of this TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the TS available promptly

at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. CLC/TS 50459-1:2015 E
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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
Contents Page

European foreword ................................................................................................................................. 4

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 5

1 Scope .......................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................ 6

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms .............................................................................. 7

3.1 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................................... 7

3.2 Abbreviated terms ..................................................................................................................... 8

4 General ergonomic principles .................................................................................................. 8

4.1 Principles for presentation ....................................................................................................... 8

4.1.1 General ....................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1.2 Presentation techniques ........................................................................................................... 9

4.1.3 Text output ...............................................................................................................................10

4.1.4 Characters ................................................................................................................................10

4.1.5 Redundancy concept ..............................................................................................................10

4.2 Principles for dialogue ............................................................................................................11

4.2.1 General .....................................................................................................................................11

4.2.2 Suitability for the task .............................................................................................................11

4.2.3 Self-descriptiveness................................................................................................................11

4.2.4 Controllability ..........................................................................................................................11

4.2.5 Conformity with user expectations .......................................................................................11

4.2.6 Error guidance .........................................................................................................................11

4.3 Physical parameters................................................................................................................11

4.4 Arrangement of information ...................................................................................................12

4.4.1 General .....................................................................................................................................12

4.4.2 Window title .............................................................................................................................12

4.4.3 Buttons .....................................................................................................................................12

4.5 Symbols ....................................................................................................................................12

4.6 Navigation buttons ..................................................................................................................13

4.7 Menu structure .........................................................................................................................13

4.8 Data input .................................................................................................................................13

4.9 Languages ................................................................................................................................13

4.10 Audible information .................................................................................................................13

4.10.1 General .....................................................................................................................................13

4.10.2 Sounds .....................................................................................................................................13

Bibliography ..........................................................................................................................................22

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CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
Figures

Figure 1 — S feedback 1 ....................................................................................................................... 14

Figure 2 — S feedback 2 ....................................................................................................................... 15

Figure 3 — S feedback 3 ....................................................................................................................... 16

Figure 4 — S info ................................................................................................................................... 17

Figure 5 — Driving too fast .................................................................................................................... 18

Figure 6 — S2 – Speed warning ........................................................................................................... 19

Figure 7 — S3 – End of intervention ..................................................................................................... 20

Tables

Table 1 — S feedback 1 – down ........................................................................................................... 14

Table 2 — S feedback 2 – up ................................................................................................................ 15

Table 3 — S feedback 3 – down and up ............................................................................................... 16

Table 4 — S info – Information on DMI ................................................................................................. 17

Table 5 — Driving too fast ..................................................................................................................... 18

Table 6 — S2 – Speed warning ............................................................................................................ 19

Table 7 — S3 – End of intervention ...................................................................................................... 20

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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
European foreword

This document (CLC/TS 50459-1:2015) has been prepared by CLC/SC 9XA “Communication,

signalling and processing systems”, of Technical Committee CENELEC TC 9X “Electrical and

electronic applications for railways”.
This document supersedes CLC/TS 50459-1:2005.

CLC/TS 50459-1:2015 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to

CLC/TS 50459-1:2005:

— update general principles for the presentation of ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R information correlated

with ERA_ERTMS_015560;
— update ergonomic arrangements with EN 16186 series.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.

This document should be read in conjunction with ERA_ERTMS_015560 “ETCS Driver Machine

Interface” and EN 16186 series, “Railway applications — Driver's Cab”.

CLC/TS 50459 series consists of the following parts under the general title “Railway applications –

Communication, signalling and processing systems – European Rail Traffic Management System –

Driver-Machine Interface”:

— Part 1: General principles for the presentation of ERTMS/ETCS/GSM-R information;

— Part 2: Ergonomic arrangements of GSM-R information ;
— Part 3: Ergonomic arrangements of non ETCS information .
1) At final draft stage.
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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
Introduction

CLC/TS 50459 series contains the ergonomic arrangements of information on the ERTMS/DMI

Display (CCD and TRD). Most items are illustrated with an example.
The reasons for defining the ergonomics of the DMI are as follows:

— achieving harmonized and coherent presentation for ERTMS/ETCS and NTC information. Given

the large number of NTC’s requiring the use the ERTMS/ETCS DMI, only a harmonized approach

is feasible;

— defining Driver-Machine Interface ergonomics that is compatible with agreed interoperable

ERTMS specifications;
— to reduce the risk of incorrect operation by a driver;

— facilitating train operation with a unified ergonomics, hence reducing the cost of driver training;

— better understanding of the tasks to be performed;
— increasing speed and accuracy of driver actions.
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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
1 Scope

This Technical Specification describes from an ergonomic point of view how ERTMS and non-ERTMS

information will be arranged and displayed. More specifically, it covers information that is out of the

scope of ERA_ERTMS_015560. This Technical Specification describes more ergonomic details than

currently provided by the ERTMS/GSM-R specifications.

This Technical Specification defines the ergonomics for the Driver-Machine Interface (DMI) for the

following applications:
— stand-alone ERTMS/GSM-R Train Radio Systems;
— non-ERTMS/ETCS Train Control Systems;
— other technical systems currently provided on the rolling stock.
The ergonomics covers

— the general arrangements (dialogue structure, sequences, layout philosophy, colour philosophy),

— the symbols,
— the audible information,
— the data entry arrangements.

This Technical Specification is limited to ergonomic considerations and does not define the technology

to be used for the implementation but it does give guidelines about how to implement the requirements

using different technology types (soft keys, touch screen device, LCD, electromechanical instruments,

indicator lamps, etc.).

This Technical Specification is applicable to all trains fitted with the ERTMS/ETCS and also to trains

fitted with train radio (GSM-R) DMI.

The scope of Part 1 of CLC/TS 50459 is to define ergonomic principles for the interface between the

driver and the above listed applications.
TDD is out of scope of CLC/TS 50459 series.

For human factor items, such as display of information, display location, viewing angles and

organization of the screens, see EN 16186 series.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ERA_ERTMS_015560, ETCS Driver Machine Interface, Version 3.4.0, 2014-05-12

EN 16186-1, Railway applications – Driver's cab – Part 1: Anthropometric data and visibility

prEN 16186-2:2015, Railway applications – Driver's cab – Part 2: Integration of displays, controls and

indicators
prEN 16186-3, Railway applications – Driver's cab – Part 3: Design of displays
2) At draft stage.
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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1.1
activated
put into a functional state following a validated input
3.1.2
button

operating element for interaction with the cab display (hard key, soft key, sensitive area)

3.1.3
cell
basic unit to define the shape of DMI objects and the proportions of areas
3.1.4
ERTMS/ETCS system

system in which ERTMS/ETCS functional, technical and the related operational specifications are

determined
3.1.5
ERTMS/GSM-R system
system in which ERTMS/EIRENE functional and system specifications are determined
3.1.6
hard key
physical key with permanent marking and not part of the screen area

Note 1 to entry: This permanent marking may be alpha and/or numeric and/or a symbol.

3.1.7
indicator
element designed to draw attention to a system status
3.1.8
input field
highlighted screen area for entering data
3.1.9
label
symbol or text indication on or close to an indicator or a button
3.1.10
On-Board system

ERTMS/ETCS system and/or the ERTMS/GSM-R system or sub-system located in rolling stock

3.1.11
sensitive area

enabled area on a touchscreen on which a physical action is possible in order to give input to the cab

display
3.1.12
soft key

context-dependent key that consists of a hard key with an associated label on the display area

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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
3.1.13
sound group
set of sounds relating to similar events
3.1.14
symbol
presentation of information in graphical form instead of using text
3.1.15
title
text explaining the purpose of the window or screen
3.1.16
window

separate visual area of the screen that displays information output and may allow input

Note 1 to entry: Usually, it has a rectangular shape.
3.2 Abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviated terms apply.
CCD Command Control Display
DMI Driver-Machine Interface
EIRENE European Integrated Railways radio Enhanced Network
ERRI European Rail Research Institute
ERTMS European Rail Traffic Management System
ETCS European Train Control System
GSM-R Global System for Mobile communication – Railways
ISO International Organization for Standardization
NTC National Train Control
TDD Train Diagnostic Display
TRD Train Radio Display
UIC Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer
w × h width by height
4 General ergonomic principles
4.1 Principles for presentation
4.1.1 General

This subclause provides requirements for the graphical presentation and arrangement of the

information shown on the CCD and TRD.

The organization of screen information should comply with the requirements of prEN 16186-3.

The displays shall be located within the maximum reach envelope according to prEN 16186-2:2015,

Figure A.1.

The displays should be located within the preferred field of vision according to prEN 16186-2:2015,

Figure A.2.
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SIST-TS CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
CLC/TS 50459-1:2015
4.1.2 Presentation techniques
4.1.2.1 Emphasizing particular information

To emphasize particular information shown on the DMI, it shall be possible to change the appearance

of other areas to make these other areas less conspicuous.

This change of appearance shall be achieved by one or more of the following techniques:

— changing colours;
— changing format.
4.1.2.2 Use of colours
The use of colours shall be according to prEN 16186-3.
4.1.2.3 Use of flashing
The use of flashing shall be according to prEN 16186-3.
4.1.2.4 Use of frames
The use of frames shall be according to prEN 16186-3.
4.1.2.5 Use of highlighting
The use of highlighting shall be according to prEN 16186-3.
4.1.2.6 Use of sound
Sound is used to draw attention to the display.
There are five types of sound:
1) feedback sounds;
2) ERTMS/ETCS sounds;
3) ERTMS/GSM-R sounds;
4) NTC sounds;
5) sounds for other train functions.
The format of the sounds (excep
...

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